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1.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5393-5401, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570434

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Local recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after thermal coagulation therapy may be associated with an aggressive phenotypic change. This study focused on the thermal effects on HCC cells and evaluated the heat shock response and phenotypic changes after heat treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: HepG2 and HuH7 cells were used. After heat treatment at 37-50°C for 5-30 min, we assessed their survival rate, induction of heat shock protein (HSP)70 promoter, proliferation rate, induction of the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and cancer stem cell (CSC)-related markers. RESULTS: Induction of HSP70 promoter per surviving cell was maximized after 10 min of heat treatment at 48°C. Induction of EMT and CSC-related markers was also observed. CONCLUSION: Sub-lethal heat treatment causes large heat shock response to surviving HCC cells and induce EMT-like and CSC-like phenotypic changes that might contribute to increased aggressiveness.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Resposta ao Choque Térmico/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/genética , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP70/genética , Células Hep G2 , Temperatura Alta , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Taxa de Sobrevida
2.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 4741-4754, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31456635

RESUMO

Background: Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.(Ib) has high content of various beneficial nutrients which helps in improving and maintaining human health. It is well known as a functional food and also a valuable source of unique natural products. It contains various phenolic and flavonoid bioactive compounds. Methods: In this study, using the outer peel of two varieties of Ib : Korean red skin sweet potato and Korean pumpkin sweet potato, silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were synthesized (termed Ib1-AgNps and Ib2-AgNps), respectively. Characterization of Ib1-AgNPs and Ib2-AgNPs was carried out through scanning electron microscopy, Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray analysis, X-ray powder diffraction and UV-Vis spectroscopy. Further, the bio-potential of the synthesized AgNPs was investigated by antidiabetic (α-glucosidase assay), antioxidant (free radical scavenging assays), antibacterial (disc diffusion method) and cytotoxicity assays (cell viability against HepG2 cells). Results: FT-IR spectroscopy revealed the contribution of bioactive compounds existing in Ib1 and Ib2 extracts, in the biosynthesis and equilibrium of the AgNPs. Although the Ib2-AgNPs had a higher atomic percentage of Ag in comparison with Ib1-AgNPs, in the antidiabetic assay, the inhibition percentage of α-glucosidase was higher for AgNPs of Ib1 than Ib2, at all three concentrations examined. From the cytotoxicity results, HepG2 cancer cells were more sensitive to the Ib1-AgNPs in comparison to the Ib2-AgNPs-treated HepG2 cells. The antioxidant prospective was higher in Ib2-AgNPs than Ib1-AgNPs. Moreover, the Ib2-AgNPs showed inhibitory action against all five tested pathogenic bacteria, producing an inhibition zone of 8.74-11.52 mm while Ib1-AgNPs had an inhibitory effect on four of them, with an 8.67-11.23 (mm) inhibition zone. Conclusions: Overall, the results concluded that the Ib2-AgNPs exhibited relatively higher functional activity than Ib1-AgNPs, which might be credited to the greater abundance of bioactive compounds existing in Ib2 extract that acted as reducing as well as capping agents in the synthesis of Ib2-AgNPs. Overall, the current study highlights a novel cost-effective and eco-friendly AgNPs synthesis using food waste peels with biocompatibility and could be potentially utilized in biomedical and pharmaceutical industries.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Ipomoea batatas/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Prata/farmacologia , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Difração de Raios X , alfa-Glucosidases/metabolismo
3.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) ; 67(8): 888-895, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366838

RESUMO

New sugar hydrazones incorporating furan and/or 1,3,4-thiadiazole ring systems were synthesized by reaction of the corresponding hydrazide with different aldose sugars. Heterocyclization of the formed hydrazones afforded the derived acyclic nucleoside analogues possessing the 1,3,4-oxadiazoline as modified nucleobase via acetylation followed by the heterocyclization process. The anticancer activity of the synthesized compounds was studied against human liver carcinoma cell (HepG-2) and at human normal retina pigmented epithelium cells (RPE-1). High activities were revealed by compounds 3, 12 and 14 with IC50 values near to that of the reference drug doxorubicin.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Furanos/farmacologia , Oxidiazóis/farmacologia , Açúcares/farmacologia , Tiadiazóis/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Doxorrubicina/química , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Furanos/síntese química , Furanos/química , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Oxidiazóis/síntese química , Oxidiazóis/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Açúcares/síntese química , Açúcares/química , Tiadiazóis/síntese química , Tiadiazóis/química
4.
Fitoterapia ; 137: 104287, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31386898

RESUMO

Phytochemical investigation of the fruit of Crataegus pinnatifida led to the isolation of four pairs of dihydrobenzofuran neolignan enantiomers (1a/1b-4a/4b) including six new compounds (1a/1b, 2a/2b, 3a and 4a). The enantioseparations of the racemates were achieved successfully by chiral chromatographic column. Their structures were established by comprehensive spectroscopic analyses and the absolute configurations were determined by quantum mechanical calculation of electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra. All compounds were evaluated in vitro for their cytotoxicity using human hepatocellular carcinoma Hep3B and HepG2 cells. Among them, it was found that 2a had a selective cytotoxicity against Hep3B cells with IC50 value of 25.47 µM, while the IC50 value of its enantiomer 2b on Hep3B cells was 59.37 µM. These results implied that the absolute configurations of 2a and 2b possessed remarkable influences on their cytotoxicity. Further flow cytometry analysis indicated that 2a performed more significant effect on cell apoptosis compared with its enantiomer 2b.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Crataegus/química , Frutas/química , Lignanas/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , China , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Lignanas/isolamento & purificação , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Estereoisomerismo
5.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(37): 10521-10533, 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31461284

RESUMO

This work was designed to comparatively investigate 27 dietary flavonoids that act as α-glucosidase inhibitors and insulin sensitizers. On the basis of the results of an in vitro experiment of α-glucosidase inhibition, myricetin (IC50 = 11.63 ± 0.36 µM) possessed the strongest inhibitory effect, followed by apigenin-7-O-glucoside (IC50 = 22.80 ± 0.24 µM) and fisetin (IC50 = 46.39 ± 0.34 µM). A three-dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationship model of α-glucosidase inhibitors with good predictive capability [comparative molecular field analysis, q2 = 0.529, optimum number of components (ONC) = 10, R2 = 0.996, F = 250.843, standard error of estimation (SEE) = 0.064, and two descriptors; comparative similarity index analysis, q2 = 0.515, ONC = 10, R2 = 0.997, F = 348.301, SEE = 0.054, and four descriptors] was established and indicated that meta positions of ring B favored bulky and minor, electron-withdrawing, and hydrogen bond donor groups. The presence of electron-donating and hydrogen bond acceptor groups at position 4' of ring B could improve α-glucosidase activity. Position 3 of ring C favored minor, electron-donating, and hydrogen bond donor groups, whereas position 7 of ring A favored bulky and hydrogen bond acceptor groups. Molecular docking screened five flavonoids (baicalein, isorhamnetin-3-O-rutinoside, apigenin-7-O-glucoside, kaempferol-7-O-ß-glucoside, and cyanidin-3-O-glucoside) that can act as insulin sensitizers and form strong combinations with four key protein targets involved in the insulin signaling pathway. Apigenin-7-O-glucoside (60 µM) can effectively improve insulin resistance, and glucose uptake increased by approximately 73.06% relative to the model group of insulin-resistant HepG2 cells. Therefore, apigenin-7-O-glucoside might serve as the most effective α-glucosidase inhibitor and insulin sensitizer. This work may guide diabetes patients to improve their condition through dietary therapy.


Assuntos
Flavonoides/química , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/química , Insulina/metabolismo , Flavonoides/metabolismo , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/farmacologia , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/enzimologia , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/química , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , alfa-Glucosidases/química , alfa-Glucosidases/metabolismo
6.
Bratisl Lek Listy ; 120(8): 569-575, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31379179

RESUMO

AIM: Oxidative and nitrosative stress triggers an extensive damage to the tissues. Many herbal and chemical medicines have claimed to possess antioxidant properties. Arbutin exists in some plants such as Pyrus Biossierana Bushe. In this study, an inhibitory effect of arbutin against tert-butyl hydroperoxide induced cytotoxicity was studied using SYTOX TM Green assay for cell viability. The antioxidant effects of arbutin on the generation of malondialdehyde, nitric oxide, activity of oxidative enzyme (Superoxide dismutase and catalyze) and the amount of total thiol in Hep-G2 cells exposed to tert-butyl hydroperoxide were evaluated. METHODS: Hep-G2 cells were cultured in 24-well plates. After 24 hours, the cells were pretreated with the arbutin at different concentrations (0, 100 and 150 µM). 24 hours later, tert-butyl hydroperoxide at different concentrations (0, 150, 200 and 250 µM) was added into the culture media. RESULTS: Arbutin was able to decrease malondialdehyde and nitric oxide concentrations in arbutin treated group in comparison with the control group (p < 0.00001). The catalase and superoxide dismutase enzymes in these cells were significantly decreased in a dose depend manner in the presence of arbutin in comparison with the control group (p < 0.00001). In addition, arbutin was capable of increasing the tert-butyl hydroperoxide mediated reduction in the total thiol amount in comparison with the control group (p < 0.00001.) CONCLUSION: Our investigation demonstrated that tert-butyl hydroperoxide evoked a reactive oxygen and nitrogen species overproduction in Hep-G2 cells. The cells treated with arbutin showed a dose-dependent reduction of tert-butyl hydroperoxide induced reactive oxygen and nitrogen species generation (Fig. 6, Ref. 34).


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Arbutina/farmacologia , Estresse Nitrosativo , Estresse Oxidativo , Catalase/metabolismo , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , terc-Butil Hidroperóxido
7.
Pharm Res ; 36(10): 145, 2019 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31396764

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The immediate plasma metabolism and development of chemo-resistance (single agent) severely hampers the clinical effectiveness of Sorafenib (SRF) in liver cancer therapy. MicroRNA27a inhibition is a promising biological strategy for breast cancer therapy. METHODS: In this study, we aimed to prepare SRF and anti-miRNA27a-loaded anti-GPC3 antibody targeted lipid nanoparticles to enhance the therapeutic efficacy against liver cancers. In this study, we have employed a unique cationic switchable lipid (CSL) as a mean to encapsulate miRNA as well as to confer pH-responsiveness to the nanocarrier system. RESULTS: The G-S27LN was nanosized and offered a pH-responsive release of SRF from the carrier system and we have demonstrated the specific affinity of G-S27LN towards the GPC3-overexpressed HepG2 cancer cells. Anti-microRNA27a significantly increased the protein expression of FOXO1 and PPAR-γ which are crucial components involved in proliferation and apoptosis of tumor cells. Combination of SRF and anti-miRNA27a (G-S27LN) resulted in significantly lower cell viability with a marked increase in the apoptosis cell proportion compared to that of free SRF indicating the synergistic anticancer effect. Animal studies in liver cancer xenograft model demonstrated significant suppression of tumor burden, reduced tumor cell and elevated TUNEL positive apoptosis with no toxicity concerns in animals treated with G-S27LN formulation. CONCLUSION: The CSL-based G-S27LN efficiently co-delivered anti-microRNA27a and SRF and therefore represents a promising therapy to treat liver cancer. This study also brings forth a platform strategy for the effective treatment of number of other advanced cancers.


Assuntos
Antagomirs/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Glipicanas/imunologia , Lipídeos/química , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , MicroRNAs/imunologia , Nanopartículas/química , Sorafenibe/administração & dosagem , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Colesterol/química , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Proteína Forkhead Box O1/metabolismo , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , PPAR gama/metabolismo , Fosforilcolina/química , Polietilenoglicóis/química
8.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(70): 10440-10443, 2019 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31410422

RESUMO

In this work, a unique dual-site controlled fluorescent probe was presented for the sensitive and concurrent detection of pH in the cytoplasm and lysosomes. With the probe, the simultaneous down-regulation of pH in the lysosomes and cytoplasm during autophagy has been successfully revealed for the first time.


Assuntos
Autofagia , Citoplasma/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Lisossomos/metabolismo , Sondas Moleculares/química , Sobrevivência Celular , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Espectrometria de Fluorescência
9.
Chem Biol Interact ; 311: 108786, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31401087

RESUMO

Naturally occurring oleanolic acid (OA) possesses a hepatoprotective activity and ability to inhibit proliferation of human hepatocellular carcinoma cells. Both properties might be related to its anti-inflammatory activity. Its low bioavailability justifies the search for more hydrophilic OA derivatives. The aim of this study was the design and synthesis of four novel OA oxime derivatives conjugated with succinic acid at the C-3 position of oleanane skeleton structure and evaluation of their effect on NF-κB and STATs expression and activation in HepG2 cells. The expression of NF-κB and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), STAT5A/B and STAT3 with its target genes: BAX, BCL-XL and MYC was evaluated after 24 h treatment with tested compounds. The comparison of the levels of cytosolic and nuclear NF-κB subunits p50, p65 and STATs proteins was used as the measure of their activation. The results pointed out the 3-succinyloxyiminoolean-12-en-28-oic acid morpholide (SMAM) as the most potent modulator of NF-κB and STAT3. SMAM significantly reduced the expression and activation of NF-κB as well as its nuclear protein level of p65 subunit. This compound also reduced the expression and activation of STAT3 and STAT5A/B. Combined effect of SMAM on these transcription factors resulted in reduced expression of COX-2, MYC and anti-apoptotic BCL-XL genes. Simultaneously, the increased expression of pro-apoptotic BAX gene was observed. In the cells treated with 3-succinyloxyiminoolean-12-en-28-oic acid (SMAA) the increased expression of BAX was also found. The effects of 3-succinyloxyiminoolean-12-en-28-oic acid benzyl ester (SMAEB) and 3-succinyloxyiminoolean-12-en-28-oic acid methyl ester (SMAEM) were moderate and ambiguous in relation to the tested factors. Moreover, the coordinated action of SMAM on NF-κB and STAT3 confirms their close association in HepG2 cells. We conclude that SMAM efficiently downregulates the key elements of signaling pathways involved in inflammatory driven HCC. Thus, may be considered as a potential chemopreventive or therapeutic agent in this type of cancer.


Assuntos
NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Ácido Oleanólico/análogos & derivados , Oximas/farmacologia , Fatores de Transcrição STAT/metabolismo , Ácido Succínico/química , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/genética , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas , NF-kappa B/genética , Oximas/química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição STAT/genética , Transcrição Genética/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/genética , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/metabolismo , Proteína bcl-X/genética , Proteína bcl-X/metabolismo
10.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 4931-4947, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31371941

RESUMO

Background: Phototherapy, including photothermal therapy (PTT) and photodynamic therapy (PDT), is a promising noninvasive strategy in the treatment of cancers due to its highly localized specificity to tumors and minimal side effects to normal tissues. However, single phototherapy often causes tumor recurrence which hinders its clinical applications. Therefore, developing a NIR-guided dendritic nanoplatform for improving the phototherapy effect and reducing the recurrence of tumors by synergistic chemotherapy and phototherapy is essential. Methods: A fluorescent targeting ligand, insisting of ICG derivative cypate and a tumor penetration peptide iRGD (CRGDKGPDC), was covalently combined with PAMAM dendrimer to prepare a single agent-based dendritic theranostic nanoplatform iRGD-cypate-PAMAM-DTX (RCPD). Results: Compared with free cypate, the resulted RCPD could generate enhanced singlet oxygen species while maintaining its fluorescence intensity and heat generation ability when subjected to NIR irradiation. Furthermore, our in vitro and in vivo therapeutic studies demonstrated that compared with phototherapy or chemotherapy alone, the combinatorial chemo-photo treatment of RCPD with the local exposure of NIR light can significantly improve anti-tumor efficiency and reduce the risk of recurrence of tumors. Conclusion: The multifunctional theranostic platform (RCPD) could be used as a promising method for NIR fluorescence image-guided combinatorial treatment of tumor cancers.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Dendrímeros/química , Raios Infravermelhos , Nanopartículas/química , Fototerapia , Animais , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Terapia Combinada , Docetaxel/farmacologia , Endocitose/efeitos dos fármacos , Fluorescência , Células Hep G2 , Temperatura Alta , Humanos , Indóis/farmacologia , Camundongos Nus , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/patologia , Oligopeptídeos/química , Fotoquimioterapia , Propionatos/farmacologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Nanomedicina Teranóstica
11.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(35): 9934-9941, 2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31402655

RESUMO

A fluorescence microscopic method for characterizing size, quantity, and oxidation of lipid droplets (LDs) in HepG2 cells was developed. LDs were induced by palmitic (PA), oleic (OA), or linoleic acids (LA) and stained with two fluorescent probes for neutral lipids and lipid peroxides. Each fatty acid increased the number of LDs and oxidized LDs (oxLDs) and the degree of LD oxidation time dependently, as well as increased intracellular triglyceride hydroperoxides. LDs induced by LA without 2,2'-azobis(2-amidinopropane)dihydrochloride (AAPH) showed the most significant oxidation degree over PA and OA, especially in large LDs (area ≥ 3 µm2, oxLD/LD = 52.3 ± 21.7%). Under this condition, two food-derived antioxidants were evaluated, and both of them significantly improved the LD characteristics. Moreover, chlorogenic acid reduced the quantity of large LDs by 74.0-87.6% in a dose-dependent manner. The proposed method provides a new approach to evaluate the effect of dietary antioxidants on LD characteristics.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Hepatócitos/química , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Gotículas Lipídicas/metabolismo , Microscopia de Fluorescência/métodos , Antioxidantes/química , Ácido Clorogênico/química , Ácido Clorogênico/metabolismo , Fluorescência , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Gotículas Lipídicas/química , Oxirredução
12.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 34(1): 1259-1270, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31287341

RESUMO

Pyrazolylphthalimide derivative 4 was synthesized and reacted with different reagents to afford the target compounds imidazopyrazoles 5-7, pyrazolopyrimidines 9, 12, 14 and pyrazolotriazines 16, 17 containing phthalimide moiety. The prepared compounds were established by different spectral data and elemental analyses. Additionally, all synthesized derivatives were screened for their antibacterial activity against four types of Gram + ve and Gram-ve strains, and for antifungal activity against two fungi micro-organisms by well diffusion method. Moreover, the antiproliferative activity was tested for all compounds against human liver (HepG-2) cell line in comparison with the reference vinblastine. Moreover, drug-likeness and toxicity risk parameters of the newly synthesized compounds were calculated using in silico studies. The data from structure-actvity relationship (SAR) analysis suggested that phthalimide derivative bearing 3-aminopyrazolone moiety, 4 illustrated the best antimicrobial and antitumor activities and might be considered as a lead for further optimization. To investigate the mechanism of the antimicrobial and anticancer activities, enzymatic assay and molecular docking studies were carried out on E. coli topoisomerase II DNA gyrase B and VEGFR-2 enzymes.


Assuntos
Ftalimidas/química , Ftalimidas/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/síntese química , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antifúngicos/síntese química , Antifúngicos/química , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Ftalimidas/síntese química , Análise Espectral/métodos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
13.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(31): 8510-8519, 2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31294559

RESUMO

Acrylamide, mainly formed in Maillard browning reaction during food processing, causes defects in liver circadian clock and mitochondrial function by inducing oxidative stress. Resveratrol is a polyphenol that has powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity. However, the preventive effects of resveratrol on acrylamide-triggered oxidative damage and circadian rhythm disorders are unclear at the current stage. The present research revealed that resveratrol pretreatment prevented acrylamide-induced cell death, mitochondrial dysfunction, and inflammatory responses in HepG2 liver cells. Acrylamide significantly triggered disorders of circadian genes transcription and protein expressions including Bmal1 and Cry 1 in primary hepatocytes, which were prevented by resveratrol pretreatment. Moreover, we found that the beneficial effects of resveratrol on stimulating Nrf2/NQO-1 pathway and mitochondrial respiration complex expressions in acrylamide-treated cells were Bmal1-dependent. Similarly, the inhibitory effects of resveratrol on inflammation signaling NF-κB were Cry1-dependent. In conclusion, these results demonstrated resveratrol could be a promising compound in suppressing acrylamide-induced hepatotoxicity and balancing the circadian clock.


Assuntos
Fatores de Transcrição ARNTL/imunologia , Acrilamida/toxicidade , Transtornos Cronobiológicos/imunologia , Criptocromos/imunologia , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Resveratrol/farmacologia , Fatores de Transcrição ARNTL/genética , Animais , Transtornos Cronobiológicos/tratamento farmacológico , Transtornos Cronobiológicos/genética , Transtornos Cronobiológicos/fisiopatologia , Ritmo Circadiano/efeitos dos fármacos , Criptocromos/genética , Células Hep G2 , Hepatócitos/imunologia , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Mitocôndrias/genética , Mitocôndrias/imunologia
14.
Gene ; 714: 143992, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31330234

RESUMO

Increasing studies have demonstrated the important roles of circular RNAs (circRNAs) in human malignancies. Nevertheless, the molecular mechanisms and functions of circRNAs in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are still not fully understood. In the present study, we evaluated circ_0021093 expression in 82 pairs of HCC tissues and 5 cell lines by qRT-PCR. The clinical implications of circ_0021093 were evaluated. In addition, the viability, apoptosis, migration and invasion capacities of different HCC cells were evaluated by gain-/loss-of-function experiments. Target prediction and dual-luciferase reporter experiments were performed to identify the molecular mechanisms of circ_0021093. Upregulation of circ_0021093 was found in HCC tumor samples and cells. Additionally, upregulated circ_0021093 was related to adverse clinical characteristics and an unfavorable prognosis. Furthermore, downregulated circ_0021093 attenuated cell growth, migration and invasion but increased cell apoptosis. By contrast, ectopically expressed circ_0021093 enhanced the abovementioned malignant biological behaviors. For mechanism exploration, circ_0021093 sponges of miR-766-3p were used in HCC cells. In addition, we found that metastasis-associated protein 3 (MTA3) was a direct target of miR-766-3p and that the oncogenic function of circ_0021093 was partly dependent on the miR-766-3p/MTA3 axis according to rescue assays. In conclusion, the circ_0021093/miR-766-3p/MTA3 regulatory axis may be an effective therapeutic target for HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , RNA/genética , Apoptose/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Progressão da Doença , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Regulação para Cima/genética
15.
Genome Biol ; 20(1): 140, 2019 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31307522

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite continual progress in the identification and characterization of trait- and disease-associated variants that disrupt transcription factor (TF)-DNA binding, little is known about the distribution of TF binding deactivating mutations (deMs) in enhancer sequences. Here, we focus on elucidating the mechanism underlying the different densities of deMs in human enhancers. RESULTS: We identify two classes of enhancers based on the density of nucleotides prone to deMs. Firstly, fragile enhancers with abundant deM nucleotides are associated with the immune system and regular cellular maintenance. Secondly, stable enhancers with only a few deM nucleotides are associated with the development and regulation of TFs and are evolutionarily conserved. These two classes of enhancers feature different regulatory programs: the binding sites of pioneer TFs of FOX family are specifically enriched in stable enhancers, while tissue-specific TFs are enriched in fragile enhancers. Moreover, stable enhancers are more tolerant of deMs due to their dominant employment of homotypic TF binding site (TFBS) clusters, as opposed to the larger-extent usage of heterotypic TFBS clusters in fragile enhancers. Notably, the sequence environment and chromatin context of the cognate motif, other than the motif itself, contribute more to the susceptibility to deMs of TF binding. CONCLUSIONS: This dichotomy of enhancer activity is conserved across different tissues, has a specific footprint in epigenetic profiles, and argues for a bimodal evolution of gene regulatory programs in vertebrates. Specifically encoded stable enhancers are evolutionarily conserved and associated with development, while differently encoded fragile enhancers are associated with the adaptation of species.


Assuntos
Adaptação Biológica , Elementos Facilitadores Genéticos , Evolução Molecular , Mutação , Animais , Genes Reporter , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Camundongos Transgênicos
16.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(33): 9354-9361, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31339706

RESUMO

As a popular ingredient for western and traditional Chinese medicine, the root and rhizome of Chinese licorice (Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch.) is often administered in the form of a decoction. The protein nanoparticles (NPs) self-assembled during the process of decoction. A major constitutive protein (GLP) was purified and determined to have a molecular weight of 28 kDa with an N-terminal sequence of NPDGL IACYC GQYCW. Over 80% of the purified GLP self-assembled into spherical NPs with diameters of 74.1 ± 0.7 nm and ζ-potential of -24.3 ± 1.7 mV when boiled in Tris-HCl buffer (pH = 7.9, 20 mM) at 100 °C for 60 min. Each nanoparticle was estimated by the SEC-MALLS approach to be composed of approximately 23 protein molecules. The NPs and GLP showed low cellular toxicity upon four types of cells including MDCK, L-02, HepG2, and Caco2 cells, while the NPs promoted proliferation of normal hepatocytes by 67%. The NPs solubilized the insoluble astragaloside IV by encapsulation. The results suggest a great potential for GLP-NPs as a promising prototype of a type of drug vehicle, a novel source of bioactive nanomaterials from herbal proteins, as well as a new mode of function with herbal components.


Assuntos
Glycyrrhiza/química , Nanopartículas/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Proteínas de Plantas/química , Células CACO-2 , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Hep G2 , Temperatura Alta , Humanos , Peso Molecular , Nanoestruturas/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Proteínas de Plantas/farmacologia , Raízes de Plantas/química
17.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 17(1): 79, 2019 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31277668

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Protein nanocages have emerged as popular nanocarriers for either drug delivery or biotemplates for the preparation of nanomaterials. However, only three interfaces, namely exterior surface, intersubunit and inner cavity, have been used as reaction sites for the above purposes with all known protein nanocages. On the other hand, how to control the site of Au NCs formed within a targeted protein template while maintaining the functionality of protein itself remains challenging. RESULTS: In this work, inspired by compartmentalization in living systems, we firstly come up with the conception of "intrasubunit interfaces", located within subunit of protein nanocage. We built a new, specific compartment for fabrication of gold nanoclusters by genetic modification of the inherent ferroxidase center located within four-α-helix bundle of each ferritin subunit. This newly built compartment not only realizes the site-directed synthesis of gold nanoclusters but also has no effect on the functionality of ferritin itself such as encapsulation by its inner cavity. These redesigned composites can be further applied as fluorescent imaging agent and carriers for preparation of hybrid nanomaterials. CONCLUSIONS: The designing strategy of intrasubunit interfaces opens a new way for future applications of cage-like proteins.


Assuntos
Portadores de Fármacos/química , Ferritinas/química , Ouro/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Animais , Caenorhabditis elegans/metabolismo , Escherichia coli/genética , Ferritinas/genética , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Mutação , Imagem Óptica
18.
Anticancer Res ; 39(7): 3601-3608, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31262885

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Nuclear receptors regulate the expression of cellular transporters, which may be contributing factors for cisplatin (CDDP) resistance. This study aimed to clarify whether nuclear receptor ligands could be potentially used as drugs to overcome CDDP resistance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Caspase-3 activity was measured using a fluorogenic substrate. mRNA levels were determined using real-time polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: Pregnane X receptor (PXR) showed an expression level change dependent on caspase-3 activation by CDDP in HepG2. Rifampicin, a PXR agonist, reduced the accumulation of CDDP and suppressed growth inhibition and caspase-3 activation in HepG2 after CDDP exposure. Leflunomide, a PXR antagonist, significantly enhanced caspase-3 activation by CDDP in HepG2 and CDDP-resistant HepG2/R. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that PXR can modify the antitumor activity of CDDP, presumably through regulating the expression of transporters, which control intracellular CDDP concentration. Thus, PXR antagonists can be further investigated as potential drugs capable of overcoming CDDP resistance.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Receptores Citoplasmáticos e Nucleares/genética , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
19.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(29): 8243-8252, 2019 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31271289

RESUMO

Elemicin, an alkenylbenzene constituent of natural oils of several plant species, is widely distributed in food, dietary supplements, and medicinal plants. 1'-Hydroxylation is known to cause metabolic activation of alkenylbenzenes leading to their potential toxicity. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between elemicin metabolism and its toxicity through comparing the metabolic maps between elemicin and 1'-hydroxyelemicin. Elemicin was transformed into a reactive metabolite of 1'-hydroxyelemicin, which was subsequently conjugated with cysteine (Cys) and N-acetylcysteine (NAC). Administration of NAC could significantly ameliorate the elemicin- and 1'-hydroxyelemicin-induced cytotoxicity of HepG2 cells, while depletion of Cys with diethyl maleate (DEM) increased cytotoxicity. Recombinant human CYP screening and CYP inhibition experiments revealed that multiple CYPs, notably CYP1A1, CYP1A2, and CYP3A4, were responsible for the metabolic activation of elemicin. This study revealed that metabolic activation plays a critical role in elemicin cytotoxicity.


Assuntos
Pirogalol/análogos & derivados , Ativação Metabólica , Biotransformação , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sistema Enzimático do Citocromo P-450/metabolismo , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Hidroxilação , Estrutura Molecular , Pirogalol/química , Pirogalol/metabolismo , Pirogalol/toxicidade
20.
Planta Med ; 85(11-12): 987-996, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31350736

RESUMO

The rise of diabetes incidence in Nigeria enhances the use of popular remedies that may interact with conventional therapies. The aqueous extracts of 27 popular Nigerian "antidiabetic" plants were tested for their in vitro effects on glutathione levels within HepG2 cells, P-glycoprotein (P-gp)-mediated Rh-123 efflux activity in Caco-2 vincristine-resistant cells, and modulation of glibenclamide transport in Caco-2 monolayers. The extract from Ximenia americana significantly depleted intracellular glutathione at 100 µg/mL similarly to the reference buthionine sulphoximine (p < 0.05). Other 10 extracts raised glutathione levels. Eight extracts inhibiting P-gp efflux in a concentration-dependent manner (p < 0.01) were selected for further evaluation in a bi-directional transport model across Caco-2 monolayers: Annona senegalensis, Bridellia ferruginea, Cassytha filiformis, Daniellia ogea, Khaya ivorensis, Syzygium guineense, Terminalia avicennioides, and X. americana. When interferences in paracellular transport were discarded, only 3 of them may be modulating the efflux ratio of glibenclamide (efflux ratio: 2.65 ± 0.13) in the same manner the reference drug verapamil (efflux ratio: 1.14 ± 0.25, p < 0.01) does: Syzygium guineense (efflux ratio: 1.70 ± 0.23, p < 0.01), Terminalia avicennioides (efflux ratio: 1.80 ± 0.25, p < 0.05), and X. americana (efflux ratio: 1.66 ± 0.10, p < 0.01). HPLC-UV analyses for P-gp inhibitors in these extracts revealed several phenolic compounds such as rutin, gallic acid, and ellagic acid reported to decrease P-gp expression and/or directly modify its function. In conclusion, some popular herbal medicines used by Nigerian diabetic patients are here shown to potentially affect glibenclamide absorption at concentrations that could be reached in the intestinal tract.


Assuntos
Membro 1 da Subfamília B de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/antagonistas & inibidores , Glibureto/metabolismo , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Medicina Tradicional Africana , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Plantas Medicinais/química , Células CACO-2/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Hep G2/efeitos dos fármacos , Interações Ervas-Drogas , Humanos
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