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1.
Drugs ; 79(12): 1337-1348, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31372959

RESUMO

Manufacturing influenza virus vaccines using a mammalian cell line rather than embryonated chicken eggs may carry certain advantages. A quadrivalent inactivated influenza virus vaccine produced using the Madin Darby canine kidney cell line has been approved in the EU (Flucelvax® Tetra) and USA (Flucelvax Quadrivalent®; QIVc hereafter) for the prevention of influenza in adults and children. The clinical development of QIVc has built upon that of a cell-based trivalent influenza virus vaccine (TIVc) manufactured using the same processes; the additional influenza B strain contained in QIVc reduces the risk of the strain in the vaccine not matching that in circulation. Pivotal phase III clinical trials in adult and paediatric participants have demonstrated the immunogenicity of QIVc to be noninferior to that of TIVc formulations against shared strains and superior against the influenza B strain absent from each TIVc formulation. Protective efficacy data for TIVc is considered foundational for QIVc and, in a phase III clinical trial, TIVc was effective in protecting adults against antigenically matched influenza strains. Large real-world studies from the 2017/2018 US influenza season further support the prophylactic effectiveness of QIVc, with possible benefits over egg-based vaccines. QIVc was generally well tolerated in clinical trials. In adult and paediatric QIVc recipients, the most common solicited adverse reactions were injection site pain and headache. Reactogenicity was comparable to that of TIVc; no safety signals unique to QIVc emerged. Through circumventing concerns around egg adaptation, QIVc has the potential to be more effective than currently available egg-based quadrivalent vaccines.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra Influenza/imunologia , Influenza Humana/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Animais , Criança , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Fase III como Assunto , Cães , Aprovação de Drogas , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Vacinas contra Influenza/efeitos adversos , Células Madin Darby de Rim Canino , Estados Unidos , Vacinas de Produtos Inativados/efeitos adversos , Vacinas de Produtos Inativados/imunologia
2.
Life Sci ; 234: 116735, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31394124

RESUMO

AIMS: The present study was to investigate the protective effects of Zn supplementation in OTA-induced apoptosis of Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) epithelial cells and explore the potential mechanisms. Aiming to provides a new insight into the treatment strategy of OTA-induced nephrotoxicity by nutritional regulation. MAIN METHODS: Initially, through MTT and LDH assay revealed that Zn supplementation significantly suppressed OTA-induced cytotoxicity in MDCK cells. Then, the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was detected by using a DCFH-DA assay. Annexin V-FITC/PI, Hoechst 33258 staining and Flow cytometry were used to detect the apoptosis. The expressions of apoptosis-related molecules were determined by RT-PCR, Western blotting. Interestingly, OTA treatment slightly increased the levels of Metallothionein-1 (MT-1) and Metallothionein-2 (MT-2) by using RT-PCR, Western blotting assay; while Zn supplementation further improved the increase of MT-1 and MT-2 induced by OTA. However, the inhibitive effects of Zn supplementation were significantly blocked after double knockdown of MT-1 and MT-2 by using Small Interfering RNA (siRNA) Transfection method. KEY FINDINGS: Our study provides supportive data for the potential roles of Zn in reducing OTA-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis in MDCK cells. SIGNIFICANCE: Zn is one of the key structural components of many proteins, which plays an important role in several physiological processes such as cell survival and apoptosis. This metal is expected to contribute to the conservative and adjuvant treatment of kidney disease and should therefore be investigated further.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Epiteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Metalotioneína/genética , Ocratoxinas/toxicidade , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Zinco/farmacologia , Animais , Citoproteção/efeitos dos fármacos , Cães , Células Epiteliais/citologia , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Células Madin Darby de Rim Canino , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos
3.
Toxicol Lett ; 316: 183-193, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31437515

RESUMO

Olanzapine, a representative of antipsychotics, is a first-line drug for treatment of schizophrenia. However, olanzapine-induced liver steatosis limits its clinical utilization. This study is to explore the mechanism of liver steatosis induced by olanzapine based on the regulation of transporters involved in uptake and oxidation of fatty acids. Our results revealed that 12-week oral administration of olanzapine increased hepatic triglyceride(TG), caused liver steatosis. Our further studies showed that the expression of fatty acid transporter 2(FATP2) and fatty acid binding protein 1(FABP1) were up-regulated in liver of female mice after 12-week olanzapine exposure, as well as in primary mouse hepatocytes treated with olanzapine. Olanzapine treatment also reduced hepatic ß-hydroxybutyrate level (indicator of fatty acid ß-oxidation), meanwhile, the L-carnitine (L-Car) concentration in liver of olanzapine group was significantly lower than that in control group. Further study demonstrated that both mRNA and protein expression of hepatic OCTN2 (carnitine/organic cation transporter 2) were obviously down-regulated in male mice after 12-week olanzapine treatment. Also, olanzapine markedly inhibited L-Car uptake in MDCK-hOCTN2 cells (1.06 µM of IC50), HepG2 cells and primary mouse hepatocytes. Supplementation of L-Car attenuated hepatic TG rise and improved simple steatosis in olanzapine treatment mice. Taken together, up-regulation of FATP2/FABP1 and down-regulation/inhibition of hepatic OCTN2 probably contribute to olanzapine-induced liver steatosis. Supplementation of L-Car is a promising strategy to attenuate olanzapine-induced simple steatosis.


Assuntos
Antipsicóticos/toxicidade , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Coenzima A Ligases/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a Ácido Graxo/metabolismo , Fígado Gorduroso/induzido quimicamente , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Olanzapina/toxicidade , Membro 5 da Família 22 de Carreadores de Soluto/antagonistas & inibidores , Adulto , Animais , Carnitina/farmacologia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/metabolismo , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/patologia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/prevenção & controle , Coenzima A Ligases/genética , Cães , Proteínas de Ligação a Ácido Graxo/genética , Fígado Gorduroso/metabolismo , Fígado Gorduroso/patologia , Fígado Gorduroso/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Células Hep G2 , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Hepatócitos/patologia , Humanos , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Células Madin Darby de Rim Canino , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Membro 5 da Família 22 de Carreadores de Soluto/genética , Membro 5 da Família 22 de Carreadores de Soluto/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima
4.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 5623-5636, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31440045

RESUMO

Purpose: The objective of this study was to compare the in vitro Fick's first law, in vitro lipolysis, and in vivo rat assays for oral absorption of Biopharmaceutical Classification Systems Class II (BCS II) drugs in self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery system (SNEDDS), and studied drugs and oils properties effects on the absorption. Methods: The transport abilities of griseofulvin (GRI), phenytoin (PHE), indomethacin (IND), and ketoprofen (KET) in saturated water solutions and SNEDDS were investigated using the in vitro Madin-Darby canine kidney cell model. GRI and cinnarizine (CIN) in medium-chain triglycerides (MCT)-SNEDDS and long-chain triglycerides (LCT)-SNEDDS were administered in the in vivo SD rat and in vitro lipolysis models to compare the oral absorption and the distribution behaviors in GIT and build an in vitro-in vivo correlation (IVIVC). Results: In the cell model, the solubility of GRI, PHE, IND, and KET increased 6-8 fold by SNEDDS, but their permeability were only 18%, 4%, 8%, and 33% of those of their saturated water solutions, respectively. However, in vivo absorption of GRI-SNEDDS was twice that of the GRI suspension and those of CIN-SNEDDS were 15-21 fold those of the CIN suspension. In the lipolysis model, the GRI% in aqueous and pellet phases of MCT were similar to that in LCT. In contrast, the CIN% in the aqueous and pellet phases were decreased but that of the lipid phase increased. In addition, an IVIVC was found between the CIN% in the lipid phase and in vivo relative oral bioavailability (F r). Conclusion: The in vitro cell model was still a suitable tool to study drug properties effects on biofilm transport and SNEDDS absorption mechanisms. The in vitro lipolysis model provided superior oral absorption simulation of SNEDDS and helped to build correlation with in vivo rats. The oral drug absorption was affected by drug and oil properties in SNEDDS.


Assuntos
Absorção Fisiológica , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Emulsões/química , Lipólise , Modelos Biológicos , Nanopartículas/química , Administração Oral , Animais , Permeabilidade da Membrana Celular , Cinarizina/administração & dosagem , Cinarizina/química , Cinarizina/farmacologia , Cães , Griseofulvina/administração & dosagem , Griseofulvina/farmacologia , Células Madin Darby de Rim Canino , Masculino , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Solubilidade
5.
Virol J ; 16(1): 87, 2019 07 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31266524

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Human infection with avian influenza H7N9 virus was first reported in 2013. Since the fifth epidemic, a highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H7N9 virus has emerged and caused 33 human infections. Several potential NAI resistance sites have been found in human cases. However, the drug susceptibility and replication ability of HPAI H7N9 virus with such substitutions have not yet been studied. METHODS: Thirty-three HPAI H7N9 virus strains were isolated from human cases in China, and then sequences were analyzed to identify potential NAI resistance sites. Recombinant influenza viruses were generated to evaluate the effect of NA amino acid substitutions on NAI (oseltamivir or zanamivir) susceptibility and viral replication efficiency in MDCK cells. RESULTS: Four potential NAI resistance sites, R292 K, E119V, A246T or H274Y, were screened. All four substitutions conferred either reduced or highly reduced susceptibility to oseltamivir or zanamivir. 292 K not only highly reduced the susceptibility of HPAI H7N9 to oseltamivir but also induced an increase in the IC50 of zanamivir. 119 V or 274Y conferred reduced susceptibility of HPAI H7N9 to oseltamivir. Additionally, 246 T conferred reduced susceptibility to zanamivir. All tested NAI-resistant viruses were capable of replication in MDCK cells. The virus yields of rg006-NA292K were lower than those of rg006-NA292R at 24, 48, 72 and 96 h postinfection (P<0.05). Rg006-NA119V, rg006-NA246T or rg006-NA274Y showed comparable replication capacity to wild-type virus (except for rg006-NA274Y at 96 h, P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: All 4 amino acid substitutions (R292 K, E119V, A246T or H274Y) in NA reduced the susceptibility of HPAI H7N9 to NAIs. The NAI-resistant mutations in HPAI H7N9, in most cases, did not reduce the replication ability of the virus in mammalian cells. Special attention needs to be paid to these mutations, and the development of new anti-H7N9 drugs is of great importance.


Assuntos
Antivirais/farmacologia , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Subtipo H7N9 do Vírus da Influenza A/efeitos dos fármacos , Subtipo H7N9 do Vírus da Influenza A/genética , Influenza Humana/virologia , Replicação Viral/efeitos dos fármacos , Substituição de Aminoácidos , Animais , Galinhas , Cães , Farmacorresistência Viral/genética , Humanos , Subtipo H7N9 do Vírus da Influenza A/fisiologia , Influenza Aviária , Células Madin Darby de Rim Canino , Neuraminidase/antagonistas & inibidores , Oseltamivir/farmacologia , Zanamivir/farmacologia
6.
J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 29(7): 1155-1164, 2019 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31280524

RESUMO

Lichens contain diverse bioactive secondary metabolites with various chemical and biological properties, which have been widely studied. However, details of the inhibitory mechanisms of their secondary metabolites against influenza A virus (IAV) have not been documented. Here, we investigated the antiviral effect of lichen extracts, obtained from South Korea, against IAV in MDCK cells. Of the lichens tested, Nipponoparmelia laevior (LC24) exhibited the most potent inhibitory effect against IAV infection. LC24 extract significantly increased cell viability, and reduced apoptosis in IAV-infected cells. The LC24 extract also markedly reduced (~ 3.2 logfold) IAV mRNA expression after 48 h of infection. To understand the antiviral mechanism of LC24 against IAV, proteomic (UPLC-HDMSE) analysis was performed to compare proteome modulation in IAV-infected (V) vs. mock (M) and LC24+IAV (LCV) vs. V cells. Based on Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA), LC24 inhibited IAV infection by modulating several antiviral-related genes and proteins (HSPA4, HSPA5, HSPA8, ANXA1, ANXA2, HIF-1α, AKT1, MX1, HNRNPH1, HNRNPDL, PDIA3, and VCP) via different signaling pathways, including HIF-1α signaling, unfolded protein response, and interferon signaling. These molecules were identified as the specific biomarkers for controlling IAV in vitro and further confirmation of their potential against IAV in vivo is required. Our findings provide a platform for further studies on the application of lichen extracts against IAV.


Assuntos
Antivirais/farmacologia , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1/efeitos dos fármacos , Líquens/química , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/metabolismo , Animais , Antivirais/metabolismo , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cães , Líquens/metabolismo , Células Madin Darby de Rim Canino , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/virologia , Proteômica , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , República da Coreia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Virais/genética
7.
BMC Infect Dis ; 19(1): 622, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31307416

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cell-surface mucins are expressed in apical epithelial cells of the respiratory tract, and contribute a crucial part of the innate immune system. Despite anti-inflammatory or antiviral functions being revealed for certain cell-surface mucins such as MUC1, the roles of other mucins are still poorly understood, especially in viral infections. METHODS: To further identify mucins significant in influenza infection, we screened the expression of mucins in human nasal epithelial cells infected by H3N2 influenza A virus. RESULTS: We found that the expression of MUC15 was significantly upregulated upon infection, and specific only to active infection. While MUC15 did not interact with virus particles or reduce viral replication directly, positive correlations were observed between MUC15 and inflammatory factors in response to viral infection. Given that the upregulation of MUC15 was only triggered late into infection when immune factors (including cytokines, chemokines, EGFR and phosphorylated ERK) started to peak and plateau, MUC15 may potentially serve an immunomodulatory function later during influenza viral infection. CONCLUSIONS: Our study revealed that MUC15 was one of the few cell-surface mucins induced during influenza infection. While MUC15 did not interact directly with influenza virus, we showed that its increase coincides with the peak of immune activation and thus MUC15 may serve an immunomodulatory role during influenza infection.


Assuntos
Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H3N2/fisiologia , Influenza Humana/patologia , Mucinas/metabolismo , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Quimiocinas/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Cães , Células Epiteliais/classificação , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Humanos , Influenza Humana/metabolismo , Células Madin Darby de Rim Canino , Mucinas/antagonistas & inibidores , Mucinas/genética , Cavidade Nasal/citologia , Interferência de RNA , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/biossíntese , Proteínas Recombinantes/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas Recombinantes/farmacologia , Regulação para Cima , Replicação Viral/efeitos dos fármacos
8.
Eur J Med Chem ; 178: 623-635, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31226654

RESUMO

Glycyrrhetinic acid (GA) had been the star anticancer lead compound and appealed to many scientists all over the world; however, its antitumor activity was not potent enough. To improve GA's cytoxicity and explore the effect of bonding mode on antitumor activity, 32 compounds including GA-OH series (GO, esters in C-3 position) and GA-NH2 series (GN, with amide linkages in C-3 position) had been designed and synthesized. All the compounds were screened for in vitro cytotoxicity against A549, HepG2, MCF-7, Hela and MDCK cell lines. As a result, all the de-protected (without Boc group) derivatives showed much stronger cytotoxic activity than GA, and surprisingly enough, all the GN series of the compounds were more potent than GO series against various tumor cells. Among them, the compound 26 (amide linkages in C-3 position) exhibited stronger antitumor activity against A549 cell line (IC50 = 2.109 ±â€¯0.11 µM) than the positive drug cisplatin (IC50 = 9.001 ±â€¯0.37 µM). Further studies indicated that compound 26 could induce A549 apoptosis via nuclei fragmentation. The detection of apoptosis and cell cycle analysis indicated that compound 26 could induce the early apoptosis and prevent A549 cells transition from S to G2 phase. Furthermore, the structure-activity relationships were briefly discussed. Among which, current study displayed amide linkages in C-3 position could effectively enhance GA cytotoxicity, providing a new modification strategy for further study.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Ácido Glicirretínico/farmacologia , Células Madin Darby de Rim Canino/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Cães , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Ácido Glicirretínico/síntese química , Ácido Glicirretínico/química , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
9.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2797, 2019 06 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31243273

RESUMO

Collective cell migration occurs in many patho-physiological states, including wound healing and invasive cancer growth. The integrity of the expanding epithelial sheets depends on extracellular cues, including cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions. We show that the nano-scale topography of the extracellular matrix underlying epithelial cell layers can strongly affect the speed and morphology of the fronts of the expanding sheet, triggering partial and complete epithelial-mesenchymal transitions (EMTs). We further demonstrate that this behavior depends on the mechano-sensitivity of the transcription regulator YAP and two new YAP-mediated cross-regulating feedback mechanisms: Wilms Tumor-1-YAP-mediated downregulation of E-cadherin, loosening cell-cell contacts, and YAP-TRIO-Merlin mediated regulation of Rho GTPase family proteins, enhancing cell migration. These YAP-dependent feedback loops result in a switch-like change in the signaling and the expression of EMT-related markers, leading to a robust enhancement in invasive cell spread, which may lead to a worsened clinical outcome in renal and other cancers.


Assuntos
Células Epiteliais/fisiologia , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/fisiologia , Nanoestruturas , Proteínas WT1/metabolismo , Proteínas rho de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal , Animais , Cães , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/metabolismo , Células Madin Darby de Rim Canino , Propriedades de Superfície , Proteínas WT1/genética , Proteínas rho de Ligação ao GTP/genética
10.
Histochem Cell Biol ; 152(3): 195-206, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31179519

RESUMO

Desmosomal cadherins, desmocollins, and desmogleins are cholesterol-dependent entities responsible for the stable adhesion of desmosomes in epithelial cells. Here, we investigated the influence of cellular cholesterol depletion on the dynamic properties of the desmosomal cadherin desmocollin, particularly the lateral mobility and distribution of desmocollin 2 (Dsc2-YFP) in the plasma membrane, and how these properties influence the adhesion strength of desmosomes. Depletion of cellular cholesterol decreased the lateral mobility of Dsc2-YFP and caused dispersion of Dsc2-YFP in the plasma membrane of epithelial MDCK cells. As a consequence of the altered Dsc2-YFP dynamics, the adhesive strength of desmosomes was weakened. Moreover, our study is the first to show and quantify the co-association of desmosomes with cholesterol/sphingomyelin-enriched membrane domains at the ultrastructural level. Taken together, our data emphasize a critical role for the cellular cholesterol content in regulating the lateral mobility and distribution of Dsc2 and show that cholesterol depletion reduces the strength of desmosomal adhesions.


Assuntos
Colesterol/metabolismo , Caderinas de Desmossomos/metabolismo , Desmossomos/metabolismo , Animais , Membrana Celular/química , Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Colesterol/deficiência , Cães , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/patologia , Células Madin Darby de Rim Canino
11.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 131: 110563, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31199992

RESUMO

Apple pomace (AP) utilised for analysis of triterpenic acids (TTAs) using HPLC-MS/MS. The methanol, ethanol and ethyl acetate extracts showed high phenolic content with significant antioxidant activity compared to chloroform and n-hexane. AP TTAs; ursolic acid, betulinic acid and maslinic acid showed potent antioxidant and enzyme inhibitory effects. The IC50 values were 13.2-30.8 µg/mL (tyrosinase), 19.6-42.5 µg/mL (xanthine oxidase) and 16.6-38.6 µg/mL (urease) for AP extracts and 8.4-25.8 µg/mL (tyrosinase), 12.6-30.2 µg/mL (xanthine oxidase) and 10.1-28.6 µg/mL (urease) for TTAs, compared to the positive controls; kojic acid (10.4 ±â€¯0.06 µg/mL), allopurinol (9.6 ±â€¯0.04 µg/mL) and thiourea (8.9 ±â€¯0.02 µg/mL) towards respective enzymes. UA showed a competitive type of inhibition for tyrosinase, while BA showed a noncompetitive type of inhibition towards xanthine oxidase. In addition, the AP extracts and TTAs exerted significant cytotoxic effects towards the proliferation of cancer cell lines. AP methanol extract (IC50 of 38.5 ±â€¯4.1, 47.1 ±â€¯3.5, 70.6 ±â€¯2.3, and 50.5 ±â€¯3.9 µg/mL) and ursolic acid (IC50 of 6.5 ±â€¯0.7, 15.5 ±â€¯1.4, 20.8 ±â€¯1.3, and 5.6 ±â€¯0.8 µg/mL) showed prominent anticancer activity on Hela, Skov-3, Caski, and NCL cancer cell lines, respectively. Thus, this study shows that the AP & TTAs could be utilized for functional food development and as a potent antioxidant, anticancer, skin whitening, and anti-urolithic agents.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/farmacologia , Frutas/química , Malus/química , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/isolamento & purificação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Cães , Ensaios Enzimáticos , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/isolamento & purificação , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/química , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Células Madin Darby de Rim Canino , Monofenol Mono-Oxigenase/antagonistas & inibidores , Extratos Vegetais/análise , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extração em Fase Sólida , Triterpenos/química , Triterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Urease/antagonistas & inibidores , Xantina Oxidase/antagonistas & inibidores
12.
SAR QSAR Environ Res ; 30(7): 457-475, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31157558

RESUMO

ABCG2 is the principal ABC transporter involved in the multidrug resistance of breast cancer. Looking at the current demand in the development of ABCG2 inhibitors for the treatment of multidrug-resistant cancer, we have explored structural requirements of phenyltetrazole derivatives for ABCG2 inhibition by combining classical QSAR, Bayesian classification modelling and molecular docking studies. For classical QSAR, structural descriptors were calculated from the free software tool PaDEL-descriptor. Stepwise multiple linear regression (SMLR) was used for model generation. A statistically significant model was generated and validated with different parameters (For training set: r = 0.825; Q2 = 0.570 and for test set: r = 0.894, r2pred = 0.783). The predicted model was found to satisfy the Golbraikh and Trospha criteria for model acceptability. Bayesian classification modelling was also performed (ROC scores were 0.722 and 0.767 for the training and test sets, respectively). Finally, the binding interactions of phenyltetrazole type inhibitor with the ABCG2 receptor were mapped with the help of molecular docking study. The result of the docking analysis is aligned with the classical QSAR and Bayesian classification studies. The combined modelling study will guide the medicinal chemists to act faster in the drug discovery of ABCG2 inhibitors for the management of resistant breast cancer.


Assuntos
Subfamília G de Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas de Neoplasias/antagonistas & inibidores , Tetrazóis/química , Animais , Teorema de Bayes , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Cães , Desenho de Drogas , Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Lineares , Células Madin Darby de Rim Canino , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Relação Quantitativa Estrutura-Atividade , Tetrazóis/farmacologia
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31203585

RESUMO

As part of its role in the World Health Organization's (WHO) Global Influenza Surveillance and Response System (GISRS), the WHO Collaborating Centre for Reference and Research on Influenza in Melbourne received a record total of 5866 human influenza positive samples during 2017. Viruses were analysed for their antigenic, genetic and antiviral susceptibility properties and were propagated in qualified cells and hens' eggs for use as potential seasonal influenza vaccine virus candidates. In 2017, influenza A(H3) viruses predominated over influenza A(H1)pdm09 and B viruses, accounting for a total of 54% of all viruses analysed. The majority of A(H1)pdm09, A(H3) and influenza B viruses analysed at the Centre were found to be antigenically similar to the respective WHO recommended vaccine strains for the Southern Hemisphere in 2017. However, phylogenetic analysis indicated that the majority of circulating A(H3) viruses had undergone genetic drift relative to the WHO recommended vaccine strain for 2017. Of 3733 samples tested for susceptibility to the neuraminidase inhibitors oseltamivir and zanamivir, only two A(H1)pdm09 viruses and one A(H3) virus showed highly reduced inhibition by oseltamivir, while just one A(H1)pdm09 virus showed highly reduced inhibition by zanamivir.


Assuntos
Antígenos Virais/imunologia , Antivirais/farmacologia , Vírus da Influenza A/imunologia , Vírus da Influenza B/imunologia , Vacinas contra Influenza/imunologia , Influenza Humana/virologia , Animais , Austrália/epidemiologia , Galinhas , Cães , Farmacorresistência Viral , Ovos , Feminino , Humanos , Vírus da Influenza A/efeitos dos fármacos , Vírus da Influenza A/genética , Vírus da Influenza A/isolamento & purificação , Vírus da Influenza B/efeitos dos fármacos , Vírus da Influenza B/genética , Vírus da Influenza B/isolamento & purificação , Influenza Humana/tratamento farmacológico , Influenza Humana/prevenção & controle , Células Madin Darby de Rim Canino , Neuraminidase/antagonistas & inibidores , Oseltamivir/farmacologia , Filogenia , Organização Mundial da Saúde , Zanamivir/farmacologia
14.
Inorg Chem ; 58(13): 8800-8819, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31247881

RESUMO

Very few inorganic antineoplastic drugs have entered the clinic in the last decades, mainly because of toxicity issues. Because copper is an essential trace element of ubiquitous occurrence, decreased side effects could be expected in comparison with the widely used platinum anticancer compounds. In the present work, two novel hydrazonic binucleating ligands and their µ-hydroxo dicopper(II) complexes were prepared and fully characterized. They differ by the nature of the aromatic group present in their aroylhydrazone moieties: while H3L1 and its complex, 1, possess a thiophene ring, H3L2 and 2 contain the more polar furan heterocycle. X-ray diffraction indicates that both coordination compounds are very similar in structural terms and generate dimeric arrangements in the solid state. Positive-ion electrospray ionization mass spectrometry analyses confirmed that the main species present in a 10% dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)/water solution should be [Cu2(HL)(OH)]+ and the DMSO-substituted derivative [Cu2(L)(DMSO)]+. Scattering techniques [dynamic light scattering (DLS) and small-angle X-ray scattering] suggest that the complexes and their free ligands interact with bovine serum albumin (BSA) in a reversible manner. The binding constants to BSA were determined for the complexes through fluorescence spectroscopy. Moreover, to gain insight into the mechanism of action of the compounds, calf thymus DNA binding studies by UV-visible and DLS measurements using plasmid pBR322 DNA were also performed. For the complexes, DLS data seem to point to the occurrence of DNA cleavage to Form III (linear). Both ligands and their dicopper(II) complexes display potent antiproliferative activity in a panel of four cancer cell lines, occasionally even in the submicromolar range, with the complexes being more potent than the free ligands. Our data on cellular models correlate quite well with the DNA interaction experiments. The results presented herein show that aroylhydrazone-derived binucleating ligands, as well as their dinuclear µ-hydroxodicopper(II) complexes, may represent a promising structural starting point for the development of a new generation of highly active potential antitumor agents.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Complexos de Coordenação/farmacologia , Hidrazonas/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/toxicidade , Bovinos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Complexos de Coordenação/toxicidade , Cobre/química , DNA/química , Clivagem do DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Cães , Humanos , Hidrazonas/síntese química , Hidrazonas/química , Hidrazonas/toxicidade , Isomerismo , Ligantes , Células Madin Darby de Rim Canino , Camundongos , Plasmídeos/química , Multimerização Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Soroalbumina Bovina/metabolismo
15.
Eur Biophys J ; 48(6): 503-511, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31222413

RESUMO

A number of viruses causing sexually transmissible diseases are transmitted via mammalian seminal plasma. Several components of seminal plasma have been shown to influence those viruses and their physiological impact. To unravel whether components of seminal plasma could affect viruses transmitted via other pathways, it was investigated here whether the bovine seminal plasma protein PDC-109, belonging to the Fn-type 2 protein family, influences the activity of influenza A viruses, used as a model for enveloped viruses. We found that PDC-109 inhibits the fusion of influenza virus with human erythrocyte membranes and leads to a decreased viral infection in MDCK cells. In the presence of the head group of the phospholipid phosphatidylcholine, phosphorylcholine, the inhibitory effect of PDC-109 was attenuated. This indicates that the impact of the protein is mainly caused by its binding to viral and to erythrocyte membranes thereby interfering with virus-cell binding. Our study underlines that Fn-type 2 proteins have to be considered as new antiviral components present in mammalian seminal plasma.


Assuntos
Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H3N2/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Secretadas pela Vesícula Seminal/farmacologia , Animais , Bovinos , Cães , Membrana Eritrocítica/efeitos dos fármacos , Membrana Eritrocítica/metabolismo , Hemaglutininas Virais/química , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H3N2/fisiologia , Células Madin Darby de Rim Canino , Fosforilcolina/farmacologia , Conformação Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Secretadas pela Vesícula Seminal/metabolismo , Internalização do Vírus/efeitos dos fármacos
16.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 35(6): 91, 2019 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31161259

RESUMO

The limited efficacy of available influenza vaccines against rapidly emerging new viral strains stresses the need for the development of new antigen-independent prophylactic treatment for enhancing immunity against influenza infection. Recent studies suggest that probiotics possess immunomodulatory properties and can reduce the severity of respiratory infections. Here, we investigated the potential of prophylactic Bifidobacterium bifidum in improving anti-influenza immune responses in an experimental lethal mouse-adapted influenza A (H1N1) infection in a BALB/c mouse model. One week after viral challenge, splenocyte proliferation assay (MTT), IFN-gamma, IL-12, and IL-4 in spleen and IL-6 in the lung homogenates were conducted using ELISA assays. Sera samples were collected to measure IgG1 and IgG2a levels. Furthermore, the mice challenged with lethal influenza virus were assessed for survival rate. The findings demonstrated a strong induction of both humoral and cellular immunities, as well as decreased level of IL-6 production in the lung and an increase in survival rate in the mice receiving Bifidobacterium than those of the control group were observed. Taken together, the results indicate a robust potential for Bifidobacterium to modulate humoral and cellular immune responses and induce balanced Th1/Th2 immune responses against influenza infection.


Assuntos
Bifidobacterium bifidum/fisiologia , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1/imunologia , Influenza Humana/tratamento farmacológico , Influenza Humana/imunologia , Probióticos/farmacologia , Animais , Proliferação de Células , Citocinas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Cães , Feminino , Humanos , Imunidade Celular , Imunidade Humoral , Imunização , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Imunomodulação , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1/patogenicidade , Interferon gama/metabolismo , Interleucina-12/metabolismo , Interleucina-4/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Pulmão/imunologia , Células Madin Darby de Rim Canino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Baço/imunologia , Taxa de Sobrevida , Células Th1/imunologia , Células Th2/imunologia
17.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 13: 1059-1068, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31040643

RESUMO

Introduction: In this study, we report on the development of an effective delivery system for siRNAs; a novel cell-penetrating peptide (CPP), T9(dR), obtained from transportan (TP), was used for in vivo and in vitro testing. Methods: In this study, toxicity of T9(dR) and TP and efficient delivery of siRNA were tested in 293T, MDCK, RAW, and A549 cells. Furthermore, T9(dR)- and TP-delivered siRNAs against nucleoprotein (NP) gene segment of influenza virus (siNP) were studied in both cell lines and mice. Results: Gel retardation showed that T9(dR) effectively condensed siRNA into nanoparticles sized between 350 and 550 nm when the mole ratio of T9(dR) to siRNA was ≥4:1. In vitro studies demonstrated that T9(dR) successfully delivered siRNA with low cellular toxicity into several cell lines. It was also observed that T9(dR)-delivered siRNAs inhibited replication of influenza virus more efficiently as compared to that delivered by TP into the MDCK and A549 cells. It was also noticed that when given a combined tail vein injection of siNP and T9(dR) or TP, all mice in the 50 nmol siNP group infected with PR8 influenza virus survived and showed weight recovery at 2 weeks post-infection. Conclusion: This study indicates that T9(dR) is a promising siRNA delivery tool with potential application for nucleotide drug delivery.


Assuntos
Peptídeos Penetradores de Células/farmacologia , Galanina/farmacologia , Orthomyxoviridae/efeitos dos fármacos , Orthomyxoviridae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , RNA Interferente Pequeno/farmacologia , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/farmacologia , Replicação Viral/efeitos dos fármacos , Venenos de Vespas/farmacologia , Animais , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Peptídeos Penetradores de Células/química , Células Cultivadas , Cães , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Galanina/química , Células Madin Darby de Rim Canino , RNA Interferente Pequeno/química , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/química , Venenos de Vespas/química
18.
Georgian Med News ; (288): 158-162, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31101797

RESUMO

The goal of our study was to establish the anti- proapoptotic activity of the common in Georgia crops on the Jurkat and MDCK cells. Extracts of various varieties of beans (Tirkmela, Batumi meadow, Shulavera, Udelebi, as well as green peas, Lens Culinaris lentils, soy beans) were added to the intact or incubated under oxidative stress conditions Jurkat and MDCK cells. Cell viability (apoptosis intensity) was determined by a cell proliferative activity test (MTT test). Correlation and statistical analysis of ANOVA was performed using the package (SPSS version 11.0). In the presented study the selective effectiveness of extracts with different antioxidant activity on intact and incubated under oxidative stress Jurkat and MDCK cells was revealed, related with different sensitivity of cells to the oxidative stress. In normal MDCK epithelial cells, resistant to redox-active factors (H2O2), inverse relationship between the intensity of apoptosis and the antiradical potential of the extract was found; in leukemia transformated Jurkat cells, characterized by high sensitivity to oxidants (H2O2), a violation of the redox-dependent anti-apoptotic cell protection mechanisms was revealed, which is manifested by the absence of regularity of the cytoprotective / cytotoxic effects of the extracts on intact and incubated cells under oxidative stress conditions. These results can be used in the development of schemes of anti-tumor and anti-inflammatory therapy.


Assuntos
Fabaceae , Extratos Vegetais , Animais , Apoptose , Cães , Fabaceae/química , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Células Jurkat , Células Madin Darby de Rim Canino/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
19.
Mol Med Rep ; 19(6): 5162-5168, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31059026

RESUMO

Doxorubicin is one of the most widely used chemotherapy agents for the treatment of breast cancer. However, the development of doxorubicin resistance limits the long­term treatment benefits in patients with breast cancer. Curcumin, a well­known dietary polyphenol derived from the rhizomes of turmeric (Curcuma longa), enhances the sensitivity of breast cancer cells to chemotherapeutic agents; however, the mechanisms underlying this phenomenon remain unclear. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of curcumin on chemoresistance in doxorubicin­resistant breast cancerMCF­7/DOX and MDA­MB­231/DOX cell lines. Cell Counting Kit­8, monolayer transport, western blot and ATPase activity assays were performed during the study. The results revealed that curcumin significantly enhanced the effect of doxorubicin in doxorubicin­resistant breast cancer cells. The intracellular accumulation of doxorubicin was substantially increased following curcumin treatment in doxorubicin­resistant breast cancer cells, in a manner that was inversely dependent on the activity of ATP binding cassette subfamily B member 4 (ABCB4). Treatment with a combination of curcumin and doxorubicin decreases the efflux of doxorubicin in ABCB4­overexpressing cells. Furthermore, curcumin inhibited the ATPase activity of ABCB4 without altering its protein expression. In conclusion, curcumin reversed doxorubicin resistance in human breast cancer MCF­7/DOX and MDA­MB­231/DOX cells by inhibiting the ATPase activity of ABCB4. The study highlights the promising use of curcumin as a chemosensitizer in the treatment of breast cancer.


Assuntos
Membro 1 da Subfamília B de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo , Curcumina/farmacologia , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Membro 1 da Subfamília B de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Adenosina Trifosfatases/metabolismo , Animais , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cães , Feminino , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Células Madin Darby de Rim Canino
20.
Cell Physiol Biochem ; 52(6): 1381-1397, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31075189

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Ouabain, a well-known plant-derived toxin, is also a hormone found in mammals at nanomolar levels that binds to a site located in the a-subunit of Na⁺,K⁺-ATPase. Our main goal was to understand the physiological roles of ouabain. Previously, we found that ouabain increases the degree of tight junction sealing, GAP junction-mediated communication and ciliogenesis. Considering our previous results, we investigated the effect of ouabain on adherens junctions. METHODS: We used immunofluorescence and immunoblot methods to measure the effect of 10 nM ouabain on the cellular and nuclear content of E-cadherin, ß-catenin and γ-catenin in cultured monolayers of Marin Darby canine renal cells (MDCK). We also studied the effect of ouabain on adherens junction biogenesis through sequential Ca²âº removal and replenishment. Then, we investigated whether c-Src and ERK1/2 kinases are involved in these responses. RESULTS: Ouabain enhanced the cellular content of the adherens junction proteins E-cadherin, ß-catenin and γ-catenin and displaced ß-catenin and γ-catenin from the plasma membrane into the nucleus. Ouabain also increased the expression levels of E-cadherin and ß-catenin in the plasma membrane after Ca²âº replenishment. These effects on adherens junctions were sensitive to PP2 and PD98059, suggesting that they depend on c-Src and ERK1/2 signaling. The translocation of ß-catenin and γ-catenin into the nucleus was specific because ouabain did not change the localization of the tight junction proteins ZO-1 and ZO-2. Moreover, in ouabain-resistant MDCK cells, which express a Na⁺,K⁺-ATPase α1-subunit with low affinity for ouabain, this hormone was unable to regulate adherens junctions, indicating that the ouabain receptor that regulates adherens junctions is Na⁺,K⁺-ATPase. CONCLUSION: Ouabain (10 nM) upregulated adherens junctions. This novel result supports the proposition that one of the physiological roles of this hormone is the modulation of cell contacts.


Assuntos
Junções Aderentes/efeitos dos fármacos , Ouabaína/farmacologia , Junções Aderentes/metabolismo , Animais , Caderinas/metabolismo , Cálcio/metabolismo , Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Cães , Células Madin Darby de Rim Canino , Microscopia de Fluorescência , Proteína Quinase 1 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase 3 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , ATPase Trocadora de Sódio-Potássio/metabolismo , beta Catenina/metabolismo , gama Catenina/metabolismo , Quinases da Família src/metabolismo
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