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1.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 35(8): 682-688, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638564

RESUMO

Objective To investigate the cytotoxicity of cytokine induced killer (CIK) and natural killer (NK) cells derived from human peripheral blood on MDA-MB-231 breast cancer in vitro. Methods The MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells were infected with lentivirus containing red fluorescent protein (RFP) and luciferase (Luc) genes. The expression of RFP and Luc genes were detected by florescence microscopy. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were isolated from the patients to induce the information of dendritic cells (DCs), CIK and NK cells. Then DCs and CIK cells were co-cultured to induce the formation of DC-CIK cells. The amplification effect and the immunophenotypes of immune cells were detected by flow cytometry. And then the cytotoxicity of immune cells DC-CIK, CIK and NK cells on MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells were analyzed at different effector-target ratios. Results he effects of DC-CIK, NK and CIK cells on MDA-MB-231 tumor cells increased with the increase of effector-target ratio and the extension of action time. After co-culture of 72 hours, the killing rate of immune cells on target cells reached more than 90%. Conclusion CIK, DC-CIK and NK cells amplified in vitro have apoptosis effects on breast cancer cells.


Assuntos
Células Matadoras Induzidas por Citocinas , Células Matadoras Naturais , Neoplasias da Mama , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Células Matadoras Induzidas por Citocinas/imunologia , Citotoxicidade Imunológica/imunologia , Células Dendríticas/citologia , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia
2.
Anticancer Res ; 39(9): 4687-4698, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31519568

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Propagermanium (PG) inhibits the CCL2/CCR2 axis, and has been shown to function as an immune modulator. This study investigated its anti-tumor mechanism in patients with refractory cancers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five healthy volunteers and 23 patients with refractory oral (n=8) or gastric (n=15) cancer received PG (30 mg/day). We performed flow cytometry (FCM) of peripheral blood mononuclear cells and in vitro killing assays. RESULTS: FCM revealed that CD16+/CD56Dim NK cells (i.e., mature, cytolytic subset) increased, and the apoptosis induction rate of cancer cells increased after PG administration. Among gastric cancer patients, median OS was 172.0 days. Two patients showed complete remission of lung or liver metastasis. Survival of patients with oral cancer also tended to be prolonged. CONCLUSION: PG induces NK cell maturation, and may potentiate anti-tumor activity.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Diferenciação Celular/imunologia , Células Matadoras Naturais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Neoplasias/imunologia , Neoplasias/mortalidade , Compostos Organometálicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Leucócitos Mononucleares/efeitos dos fármacos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/imunologia , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Subpopulações de Linfócitos/imunologia , Subpopulações de Linfócitos/metabolismo , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
3.
Cancer Immunol Immunother ; 68(10): 1585-1596, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31515670

RESUMO

Patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and renal cell carcinoma (RCC) have shown benefit from anti-PD-1 therapies. However, not all patients experience tumor shrinkage, durable responses or prolonged survival, demonstrating the need to find response markers. In blood samples from NSCLC and RCC patients obtained before and after anti-PD-1 treatment, we studied leukocytes by complete blood cell count, lymphocyte subsets using flow cytometry and plasma concentration of nine soluble mediators, in order to find predictive biomarkers of response and to study changes produced after anti-PD-1 therapy. In baseline samples, discriminant analysis revealed a combination of four variables that helped differentiate stable disease-response (SD-R) from progressive disease (PD) patients: augmented frequency of central memory CD4+ T cells and leukocyte count was associated with response while increased percentage of PD-L1+ natural killer cells and naïve CD4+ T cells was associated with lack of response. After therapy, differential changes between responders and non-responders were found in leukocytes, T cells and TIM-3+ T cells. Patients with progressive disease showed an increase in the frequency of TIM-3 expressing CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, whereas SD-R patients showed a decrease in these subsets. Our findings indicate that a combination of immune variables from peripheral blood (PB) could be useful to distinguish response groups in NSCLC and RCC patients treated with anti-PD-1 therapy. Frequency of TIM-3+ T cells showed differential changes after treatment in PD vs SD-R patients, suggesting that it may be an interesting marker for monitoring progression during therapy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Idoso , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/imunologia , Carcinoma de Células Renais/imunologia , Feminino , Receptor Celular 2 do Vírus da Hepatite A/sangue , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/imunologia , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
4.
Cancer Immunol Immunother ; 68(9): 1429-1441, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31428800

RESUMO

MHC class I-related chain A (MICA) is one of the major ligands for natural killer group 2 member D (NKG2D), which is an activating NK receptor. MICA is expressed on the surface of human epithelial tumor cells, and its shedding from tumor cells leads to immunosuppression. To activate immune response in the tumor microenvironment, we designed an anti-VEGFR2-MICA bispecific antibody (JZC01), consisting of MICA and an anti-VEGFR2 single chain antibody fragment (JZC00) and explored its potential anti-tumor activity. JZC01 targeted vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2) and inhibited tumorigenesis by blocking the VEGFR2 signaling pathway. Additionally, JZC01 promoted NK and CD8+ T cells to release IFN-γ and engaged activated lymphocytes to lysis of VEGFR2-expressing tumor cells. The in vivo anti-tumor activity of JZC01 was investigated by establishing a Lewis lung cancer cell-transplanted mouse model. It effectively reduced the tumor vascular density and increased the infiltration and activation of NK and CD8+ T cells in the tumor microenvironment. Thus, JZC01 functions in anti-tumor angiogenesis and anti-tumor immune activation, and showed improved anti-tumor efficacy combined with docetaxel, which provides a new insight into anti-tumor therapy.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Biespecíficos/uso terapêutico , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe I/imunologia , Imunoterapia/métodos , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/imunologia , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/imunologia , Animais , Anticorpos Biespecíficos/genética , Apoptose , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Lewis , Citotoxicidade Imunológica , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Tolerância Imunológica , Interferon gama/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/imunologia , Ativação Linfocitária , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Microambiente Tumoral
5.
Cancer Immunol Immunother ; 68(8): 1303-1315, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31278476

RESUMO

Our previous work has demonstrated the high efficiency of CD8+ natural killer T (NKT)-like cells in killing antigen-bearing dendritic cells. To evaluate their role in the tumor microenvironment, we performed in vitro and in vivo antitumor experiments to investigate whether CD8+NKT-like cells could kill Yac-1 and B16 cells like NK cells and kill EL4-OVA8 cells in an antigen-specific manner like cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs). Unlike NK1.1-CTLs, CD8+NKT-like cells also exhibit the capability to kill myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) in an antigen-specific manner, indicative of their potential role in clearing tumor antigen-bearing MDSCs to improve the antitumor microenvironment. In vitro blocking experiments showed that granzyme B inhibitor efficiently suppressed the cytotoxicity of CD8+NKT-like cells against tumor cells and MDSCs, while Fas ligand (FasL) or tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) inhibition failed to produce similar effects. Transcriptomic and phenotypic analyses of CD8+NKT-like cells, NK cells, and NK1.1-CTLs indicated that CD8+NKT-like cells expressed both T-cell activation markers and NK cell markers, thus bearing features of both the activated T cells and NK cells. Taken together, CD8+NKT-like cells could exert NK- and CTL-like antitumor effects through the elimination of both tumor cells and MDSCs in a granzyme B-dependent manner.


Assuntos
Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Células Supressoras Mieloides/imunologia , Células T Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Neoplasias Experimentais/terapia , Linfócitos T Citotóxicos/imunologia , Animais , Antígenos CD8/metabolismo , Citotoxicidade Imunológica , Feminino , Granzimas/metabolismo , Humanos , Ativação Linfocitária , Melanoma Experimental , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Transgênicos , Neoplasias Experimentais/imunologia , Transcriptoma , Microambiente Tumoral
6.
Cancer Immunol Immunother ; 68(8): 1379-1389, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31338557

RESUMO

Squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) is the sixth most common cancer worldwide and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is overexpressed in greater than 90% of patient tumors. Cetuximab is a monoclonal antibody that binds to EGFR and can activate immune cells, such as natural killer (NK) cells, that express receptors for the Fc (constant region) of immunoglobulin G. IL-15 (interleukin-15) is a critical factor for the development, proliferation and activation of effector NK cells. A novel IL-15 compound known as ALT-803 that consists of genetically modified IL-15 plus the IL-15 receptor alpha protein (IL15Rα) fused to the Fc portion of IgG1 has recently been developed. We hypothesized that treatment with ALT-803 would increase NK cell-mediated cytotoxicity of cetuximab-coated head and neck squamous cells. CD56+ NK cells from normal healthy donors were treated overnight with ALT-803 and tested for their ability to lyse cetuximab-coated tumor cells. Cytotoxicity was greater following NK cell ALT-803 activation, as compared to controls. ALT-803-treated NK cells secreted significantly higher levels of IFN-γ than control conditions. Additionally, NK cells showed increased levels of phospho-ERK and phospho-STAT5 when co-cultured with cetuximab-coated tumors and ALT-803. Administration of both cetuximab and ALT-803 to mice harboring Cal27 SCCHN tumors resulted in significantly decreased tumor volume when compared to controls and compared to single-agent treatment alone. Overall, the present data suggest that cetuximab treatment in combination with ALT-803 in patients with EGFR-positive SCCHN may result in significant NK cell activation and have important anti-tumor activity.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Cetuximab/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/tratamento farmacológico , Imunoterapia/métodos , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Proteínas/uso terapêutico , Animais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/imunologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Citotoxicidade Imunológica , Receptores ErbB/imunologia , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/imunologia , Humanos , Interferon gama/metabolismo , Interleucina-15/genética , Células Matadoras Naturais/efeitos dos fármacos , Ativação Linfocitária , Camundongos , Proteínas/genética , Receptores de Interleucina-15/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/genética , Carga Tumoral , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
7.
Ceska Gynekol ; 84(3): 184-189, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31324107

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: An increased number of NK cells is associated with autoimmune disorder and is known to play a role in infertility. The aim of our research was to monitor the density of NK cells CD56+ and CD16+ in ovulatory cervical mucus (OCM) and in endometrium in infertile women as well as in connection with the actual status of antibodies against phospholipids, sperm and HHV-6 antibodies. TYPE OF STUDY: Original aticle. SETTING: Genetika - Plzeň. METHODS: Seventy-two randomly selected women aged 20-39 (mean age: 32.3) years old resulted in fifty-seven patients with repeated unexplained miscarriages, and fifteen fertile healthy women. The hormonal status was studied including ovulation, the humoral autoimmune responses to eight phospholipids, trombophilia, karyotyping, hysteroscopy, and endometrium immunohistology. Patients were without any clinical and laboratory symptoms of vaginitis at the time of OCM sampling and endometrium study. In one patient antiphospholipid syndrome was present, and in one woman diabetes mellitus was identified. Uterine NK cells CD56+ , CD16+ and NK cells in OCM were identified by immunocytochemistry, antiphospholipid antiboides by ELISA. We used indirect MAR-test for study of local spermagglutinating antibodies in OCM. Indirect immunofluorescent method was used for detection of serum and OCM IgM, IgG antibodies against HHV-6 levels at the time of ovulation. RESULTS: We found both high density of NK cells CD56+ and CD16+ in OCM and in endometrium in only two infertile women with repeated abortions. NK cells in OCM were missing in other samples of patients. The prevalence of high density of NK cells CD56+ in the endometrium was seen in twenty three (40%), NK cells CD16+ in eleven (19%), NK cells 56+ and NK cells 16+ together in eight (14%). Levels of serum and OCM IgG against HHV-6 in all examined patients were not elevated, no cervical sperm antibodies were found. CONCLUSION: We compared density of NK cells CD56+ and CD16+ in OCM and secretory endometrium in all infertile patients. Our results show that cell mucosal activity in the cervical area at the time of ovulation in two infertile patients was evident. We excluded the abnormal number of NK cells owing to local and general viral infection (HHV-6). But our question still remains - are cervical NK cells fixed or still migrating from endometrium into OCM? New research is planned.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD/sangue , Antígeno CD56/imunologia , Muco do Colo Uterino/fisiologia , Endométrio/imunologia , Fertilidade/imunologia , Infertilidade Feminina/imunologia , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Aborto Habitual/sangue , Aborto Habitual/imunologia , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Endométrio/metabolismo , Endométrio/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Infertilidade Feminina/sangue , Células Matadoras Naturais/metabolismo , Masculino , Gravidez , Adulto Jovem
8.
Cancer Immunol Immunother ; 68(8): 1317-1329, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31312900

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is an EBV-associated neoplasm occurring endemically in Southeast Asia and sporadically all over the world. In children and adolescents, high cure rates have been obtained using chemotherapy, radiochemotherapy and maintenance therapy with interferon beta (IFNß). The mechanism by which IFNß contributes to a low systemic relapse rate has not yet been fully revealed. PATIENTS AND METHODS: NK cells and serum samples from two patients with NPC were analyzed before and at different time points during IFNß therapy, for assessment of TRAIL expression and NK cell cytotoxicity. Cytotoxicity was measured using the calcein release assay and the contribution of different death effector pathways was analyzed using specific inhibitors. RESULTS: Treatment with IFNß induced TRAIL expression on patients' NK cells and increased their cytotoxicity against NPC targets in vitro. NK cell-mediated cytotoxicity was predominately mediated via TRAIL. IFNß also induced the production of soluble TRAIL (sTRAIL) by NK cells and its release upon contact with NPC cells. IFNß treatment increased serum levels of sTRAIL in patients. Moreover, sTRAIL concentrated from patients' serum samples induced apoptosis ex vivo in NPC cells from a patient-derived xenograft. CONCLUSION: Increased cytotoxicity of NK cells against NPC cells and increased serum levels of biologically active TRAIL in patients treated with IFNß could be a means to eliminate micrometastatic disease and explain the low systemic relapse rate in this patient group.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/imunologia , Herpesvirus Humano 4/fisiologia , Imunoterapia/métodos , Interferon beta/uso terapêutico , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/terapia , Ligante Indutor de Apoptose Relacionado a TNF/metabolismo , Adolescente , Animais , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Criança , Citotoxicidade Imunológica , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/imunologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Resultado do Tratamento , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
9.
Anticancer Res ; 39(7): 3365-3372, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31262857

RESUMO

Progesterone induced blocking factor (PIBF) is a unique protein that is not present in normal cells, but is found predominantly in rapidly growing cells of the fetal placental unit or cancer cells. There is a larger "parent" form that is a nuclear protein involved in cell to cell regulation, allowing tumor cells to proliferate and invade tissues. The parent compound is cleaved into smaller intracytoplasmic isoforms that can suppress cellular immune response, especially, but not limited to natural killer cells. The progesterone receptor antagonist mifepristone can suppress messenger RNA for PIBF, but can also suppress the intracytoplasmic protein. Treating cancer cell lines, intact animals with a variety of spontaneous cancers, and people with various cancers with mifepristone, has been found to inhibit cancer growth, and provide both palliation of symptoms and longevity possibly by suppressing this unique immunomodulatory protein.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas da Gravidez/antagonistas & inibidores , Fatores Supressores Imunológicos/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Feminino , Antagonistas de Hormônios/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Longevidade , Mifepristona/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/imunologia , Cuidados Paliativos , Placenta/imunologia , Gravidez , Proteínas da Gravidez/imunologia , Progesterona/farmacologia , Progestinas/farmacologia , Receptores de Progesterona/metabolismo , Fatores Supressores Imunológicos/imunologia
10.
Adv Mater ; 31(32): e1902542, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31183900

RESUMO

Current cancer immunotherapies including chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-based therapies and checkpoint immune inhibitors have demonstrated significant clinical success, but always suffer from immunotoxicity and autoimmune disease. Recently, nanomaterial-based immunotherapies are developed to precisely control in vivo immune activation in tumor tissues for reducing immune-related adverse events. However, little consideration has been put on the spatial modulation of interactions between immune cells and cancer cells to optimize the efficacy of cancer immunotherapies. Herein, a rational design of immunomodulating nanoparticles is demonstrated that can in situ modify the tumor cell surface with natural killer cell (NK cell)-activating signals to achieve in situ activation of tumor-infiltrating NK cells, as well as direction of their antitumor immunity toward tumor cells. Using these immunomodulating nanoparticles, the remarkable inhibition of tumor growth is observed in mice without noticeable side effects. This study provides an accurate immunomodulation strategy that achieves safe and effective antitumor immunity through in situ NK cell activation in tumors. Further development by constructing interactions with various immune cells can potentially make this nanotechnology become a general platform for the design of advanced immunotherapies for cancer treatments.


Assuntos
Membrana Celular/imunologia , Fatores Imunológicos/química , Células Matadoras Naturais/metabolismo , Nanopartículas/química , Resinas Acrílicas/química , Animais , Ácidos Borônicos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Reagentes para Ligações Cruzadas/química , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Imunoglobulina G/química , Imunoterapia , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Camundongos , Transplante de Neoplasias , Polímeros/química , Soroalbumina Bovina/química , Propriedades de Superfície
11.
Scand J Immunol ; 90(4): e12798, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31179555

RESUMO

CD40 ligand (CD40L) deficiency is a rare but life-threatening primary immunodeficiency caused by mutations in the CD40L gene. Here, we investigated a cohort of 40 genetically diagnosed CD40L-deficient patients from the Chinese mainland, analysed their clinical and genetic data, and examined CD40L expression, the proportion of T cell subsets, B cell subsets and T follicular helper (Tfh) cells. The aim was to provide a complete picture of CD40L deficiency. Initial presentations of the patient cohort mainly involved recurrent fever (47.5%) and sinopulmonary infection (42.5%). Life-threatening infections (42.5%), caused by various pathogens, were the most serious threats faced by CD40L-deficient patients, while neutropenia (57.5%) remained the most common complication. Opportunistic infections, including Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia and invasive fungal disease associated with Talaromyces marneffei, were also common in the cohort. In addition, seven patients (17.5%) suffered BCGitis/BCGosis, which is a major problem facing a planned immunization programme in China. It was intriguing that reduced IgM levels were observed in 12.5% of patients, while normal or elevated IgA levels were shown in 47.5% of patients. Thirty-seven unique mutations were identified in 40 patients; of these, 10 were novel. Furthermore, we observed a lower percentage of NK cells, Tfh cells, and central memory CD4+ T cells, and an extremely small class-switched memory B cell population, in CD40L-deficient patients. Patients who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation experienced better disease remission. Taken together, our data establish the largest database about CD40L deficiency in China and provide genetic, immunologic and clinical information about Chinese CD40L-deficient patients.


Assuntos
Ligante de CD40/genética , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/imunologia , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Pneumopatias Fúngicas/imunologia , Pneumocystis carinii/fisiologia , Pneumonia por Pneumocystis/imunologia , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Talaromyces/fisiologia , China , Estudos de Coortes , Febre , Humanos , Imunoglobulina M/sangue , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/genética , Memória Imunológica , Pneumopatias Fúngicas/genética , Masculino , Mycobacterium bovis , Pneumonia por Pneumocystis/genética , Adulto Jovem
12.
Nat Immunol ; 20(7): 879-889, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31182807

RESUMO

CD8+ T cells and natural killer (NK) cells are central cellular components of immune responses against pathogens and cancer, which rely on interleukin (IL)-15 for homeostasis. Here we show that IL-15 also mediates homeostatic priming of CD8+ T cells for antigen-stimulated activation, which is controlled by a deubiquitinase, Otub1. IL-15 mediates membrane recruitment of Otub1, which inhibits ubiquitin-dependent activation of AKT, a kinase that is pivotal for T cell activation and metabolism. Otub1 deficiency in mice causes aberrant responses of CD8+ T cells to IL-15, rendering naive CD8+ T cells hypersensitive to antigen stimulation characterized by enhanced metabolic reprograming and effector functions. Otub1 also controls the maturation and activation of NK cells. Deletion of Otub1 profoundly enhances anticancer immunity by unleashing the activity of CD8+ T cells and NK cells. These findings suggest that Otub1 controls the activation of CD8+ T cells and NK cells by functioning as a checkpoint of IL-15-mediated priming.


Assuntos
Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/metabolismo , Cisteína Endopeptidases/metabolismo , Interleucina-15/metabolismo , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Células Matadoras Naturais/metabolismo , Ativação Linfocitária/genética , Ativação Linfocitária/imunologia , Animais , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Diferenciação Celular/imunologia , Cisteína Endopeptidases/deficiência , Enzimas Desubiquitinantes/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Metabolismo Energético , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/genética , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/imunologia , Humanos , Interleucina-15/genética , Melanoma Experimental , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Ligação Proteica , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Receptores de Interleucina-15/metabolismo , Tolerância a Antígenos Próprios/genética , Tolerância a Antígenos Próprios/imunologia , Transdução de Sinais , Especificidade do Receptor de Antígeno de Linfócitos T , Ubiquitinação
13.
Cancer Sci ; 110(8): 2348-2356, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31222843

RESUMO

Immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) therapy has achieved remarkable clinical benefit in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but our understanding of biomarkers that predict the response to ICB remain obscure. Here we integrated somatic mutational profile and clinicopathologic information from 113 NSCLC patients treated by ICB (CTLA-4/PD-1). High tumor mutation burden (TMB) and neoantigen burden were identified significantly associated with improved efficacy in NSCLC immunotherapy. Furthermore, we identified apolipoprotein B mRNA editing enzyme, catalytic polypeptide-like (APOBEC) mutational signature was markedly associated with responding of ICB therapy (log-rank test, P = .001; odds ratio (OR), 0.18 [95% CI, 0.06-0.50], P < .001). The association with progression-free survival remained statistically significant after controlling for age, sex, histological type, smoking, PD-L1 expression, hypermutation, smoking signature and mismatch repair (MMR) (HR, 0.30 [95% CI, 0.12-0.75], P = .010). Combined high TMB with APOBEC signature preferably predict immunotherapy responders in NSCLC cohort. The CIBERSORT algorithm revealed that high APOBEC mutational activity samples were associated with increased infiltration of CD4 memory activated T cells, CD8+ T cells and natural killer (NK) cells, but reduced infiltration of regulatory T cells. Besides, individual genes mutation of IFNGR1 or VTCN1 were only found in responders; however, the PTEN mutation was only found in non-responders (Fisher's exact test, all P < .05). These findings may be applicable for guiding immunotherapy for patients with NSCLC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/imunologia , Imunidade/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/imunologia , Mutação/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígeno B7-H1/genética , Antígeno B7-H1/imunologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Imunidade/imunologia , Memória Imunológica/genética , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação/imunologia , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Carga Tumoral/genética , Carga Tumoral/imunologia
14.
Gastroenterology ; 157(4): 1067-1080.e9, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31229495

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Bile duct tumors are rare and have poor prognoses. Natural killer (NK) cells are frequent in human liver and infiltrate these tumors but do not control their progression. Responses of NK cells are regulated by NK immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs), which interact with HLA class I ligands. We aimed to characterize the features of the KIR gene loci and their ligands in patients with bile duct cancer (BDC). METHODS: We performed combined multidimensional characterization of genes that encode KIRs and their ligands in blood samples from patients with BDC from Sweden, followed for up to 8 years after diagnosis (n = 148), in 2 geographically matched cohorts of healthy individuals from Northern Europe (n = 204 and n = 900), and in healthy individuals from 6 geographically unrelated populations (n = 2917). We used real-time polymerase chain reaction, RNA sequencing, immunohistochemistry, and flow cytometry to evaluate NK-cell presence, as well as KIR and KIR-ligand expression in bile duct tumors and control tissues. RESULTS: Patients with bile duct tumors had multiple alterations at the KIR gene loci. KIR loci are grouped into genotypes that encode more inhibitory (group A) and more activating (group B) receptors, which can be subdivided into centromeric and telomeric fragments. Patients with BDC had a lower prevalence of KIR2DL3, which was linked to disequilibrium in centromeric A/B and B/B genotypes, compared with control individuals. The associations between KIRs and KIR ligands differed between patients with BDC and control individuals; patients had an altered balance between activating and inhibitory KIRs. KIR-positive NK cells infiltrated biliary tumors that expressed matched KIR ligands. CONCLUSIONS: In a multidimensional analysis of DNA from blood samples of patients with BDC in Europe, we found patients to have multiple alterations at the KIR and HLA gene loci compared with control individuals. These alterations might affect NK-cell tumor surveillance. NK cells from bile duct tumors expressed KIRs and were found in tumors that expressed cognate ligands. This should be considered in development of immune-based therapies for BDC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/genética , Antígenos HLA/genética , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/imunologia , Receptores KIR/genética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ásia , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/sangue , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/imunologia , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Antígenos HLA/sangue , Antígenos HLA/imunologia , Humanos , Células Matadoras Naturais/patologia , Ligantes , Desequilíbrio de Ligação , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , América do Norte , Fenótipo , Prognóstico , Receptores KIR/sangue , Receptores KIR/imunologia , Receptores KIR2DL3/genética , Receptores KIR2DL3/imunologia , Fatores de Risco , América do Sul , Fatores de Tempo
15.
Immunogenetics ; 71(7): 455-463, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31250049

RESUMO

The main expression sites of HLA-G are human extravillous trophoblast cells. The interaction of HLA-G with uterine NK cells promotes their maturation and differentiation into decidual NK (dNK) cells. dNK cells secrete chemokines, cytokines, and proangiogenic factors in favor of a vascular remodeling and an immune suppressive microenvironment of the decidua. HLA-G is the most polymorphic member of the oligomorphic non-classical HLA molecule family; yet, the impact of polymorphic differences is not comprehensively understood. sHLA-G levels in embryo culture medium correlate with successful pregnancy; however, it remains questionable if HLA-G allelic diversity impacts on the outcome of dNK cell development. We utilized synthetic sHLA-G*01:01, 01:03, and 01:04 molecules and transduced K652/mHLA-G*01:01, 01:03, and 01:04 cells to study the biological interaction between HLA-G alleles and primary NK cells of human term placenta. Despite its low frequency, HLA-G*01:04 and not the most prevalent allele HLA-G*01:01 appear to be strong catalysts of dNK cell proliferation. Concluding, this study illustrates novel insights into the impact and binding efficiency of the three most common variants of HLA-G on primary placental NK cells.


Assuntos
Antígenos HLA-G/genética , Células Matadoras Naturais/metabolismo , Placenta/citologia , Antígeno CD56/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células , Decídua/citologia , Feminino , Antígenos HLA-G/imunologia , Antígenos HLA-G/metabolismo , Humanos , Células K562 , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Gravidez
16.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2387, 2019 06 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31160572

RESUMO

Senescent cells accumulate in human tissues during ageing and contribute to age-related pathologies. The mechanisms responsible for their accumulation are unclear. Here we show that senescent dermal fibroblasts express the non-classical MHC molecule HLA-E, which interacts with the inhibitory receptor NKG2A expressed by NK and highly differentiated CD8+ T cells to inhibit immune responses against senescent cells. HLA-E expression is induced by senescence-associated secretary phenotype-related pro-inflammatory cytokines, and is regulated by p38 MAP kinase signalling in vitro. Consistently, HLA-E expression is increased on senescent cells in human skin sections from old individuals, when compared with those from young, and in human melanocytic nevi relative to normal skin. Lastly, blocking the interaction between HLA-E and NKG2A boosts immune responses against senescent cells in vitro. We thus propose that increased HLA-E expression contributes to persistence of senescent cells in tissues, thereby suggesting a new strategy for eliminating senescent cells during ageing.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Senescência Celular/imunologia , Fibroblastos/imunologia , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe I/imunologia , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Subfamília C de Receptores Semelhantes a Lectina de Células NK/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Envelhecimento/patologia , Citocinas/imunologia , Derme/citologia , Fibroblastos/patologia , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Nevo Pigmentado/congênito , Nevo Pigmentado/imunologia , Nevo Pigmentado/patologia , Fenótipo , RNA Interferente Pequeno , Transdução de Sinais , Pele/imunologia , Pele/patologia , Adulto Jovem , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/imunologia
17.
Life Sci ; 231: 116543, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31176775

RESUMO

AIMS: CD155 is a ligand of the NK activating receptor DNAM-1, it has been described in a variety of human malignancies, but its expression in breast cancer remains unclear and poorly studied. MAIN METHODS: CD155 expression and NK cells infiltration were investigated in 158 patients with breast cancer by immunohistochemistry (IHC). Statistical analyses were performed to evaluate correlations of CD155 expression with clinical-pathological features, prognosis and tumor immunity. KEY FINDINGS: Tumor cytoplasmic CD155 (cyt-CD155) was associated with lymphovascular invasion (p = 0.011), and membranous CD155 (m-CD155) was strongly correlated with the presence of Tumor Infiltrating natural killer cells (NK-TILs) (p = 0.0003). Survival analysis demonstrated that patients with high cyt-CD155 had a significantly worse overall survival (p < 0.001) and death free survival (p = 0.014) than those with low expression, while high levels of m-CD155 correlated with a better prognosis (p = 0.037). Furthermore, we found that patients with m-CD155Low/NKLow tumors had a significantly reduced overall survival (p = 0.012). Multivariate analysis showed that positive tumor m-CD155 status was a significant independent marker of good prognosis. Meanwhile, high cyt-CD155 expression was identified as an independent poor prognostic predictor, suggesting a key role in this malignancy. SIGNIFICANCE: Altogether, our results revealed that cyt-CD155 was associated with invasiveness and poorer prognosis, but the concomitant presence of m-CD155 and NK-TILs had an opposite prognostic relevance in breast cancer. These results raised the importance of CD155 IHC analysis to elucidate biomarker localization, leading to better understand and design therapeutic molecule targeting CD155 in breast tumors.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Receptores Virais/genética , Receptores Virais/isolamento & purificação , Receptores Virais/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Antígenos de Diferenciação de Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/imunologia , Citoplasma/metabolismo , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Células Matadoras Naturais/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Receptores Virais/imunologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida
18.
Cancer Sci ; 110(9): 2690-2699, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31250942

RESUMO

Senescence is a state of growth arrest induced not only in normal cells but also in cancer cells by aging or stress, which triggers DNA damage. Despite growth suppression, senescent cancer cells promote tumor formation and recurrence by producing cytokines and growth factors; this state is designated as the senescence-associated secretory phenotype. In this study, we examined the susceptibility of senescent human breast cancer cells to immune cell-mediated cytotoxicity. Doxorubicin (DXR) treatment induced senescence in 2 human breast cancer cell lines, MDA-MB-231 and BT-549, with the induction of γH2AX expression and increased expression of p21 or p16. Treatment with DXR also induced the expression of senescence-associated ß-galactosidase and promoted the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Importantly, DXR-treated senescent MDA-MB-231 cells showed increased sensitivity to 2 types of immune cell-mediated cytotoxicity: cytotoxicity of activated CD4+ T cells and Ab-dependent cellular cytotoxicity by natural killer cells. This increased sensitivity to cytotoxicity was partially dependent on tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand and perforin, respectively. This increased sensitivity was not observed following treatment with the senescence-inducing cyclin-dependent kinase-4/6 inhibitor, abemaciclib. In addition, treatment with DXR, but not abemaciclib, decreased the expression of antiapoptotic proteins in cancer cells. These results indicated that DXR and abemaciclib induced senescence in breast cancer cells, but that they differed in their sensitivity to immune cell-mediated cytotoxicity. These findings could provide an indication for combining anticancer immunotherapy with chemotherapeutic drugs or molecular targeting drugs.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Senescência Celular/imunologia , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Aminopiridinas/farmacologia , Aminopiridinas/uso terapêutico , Citotoxicidade Celular Dependente de Anticorpos/efeitos dos fármacos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/imunologia , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/imunologia , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/metabolismo , Benzimidazóis/farmacologia , Benzimidazóis/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/imunologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Senescência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Quinase 4 Dependente de Ciclina/antagonistas & inibidores , Quinase 6 Dependente de Ciclina/antagonistas & inibidores , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Feminino , Humanos , Células Matadoras Naturais/efeitos dos fármacos , Terapia de Alvo Molecular/métodos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia
19.
20.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 58(6): 453-455, 2019 Jun 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31159526

RESUMO

The distribution of peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets were compared between patients with colorectal cancer and healthy controls. The number of natural killer(NK) cells and CD(8)(+)T cells and the percentage of naive CD(4)(+) T cells were all decreased significantly in patients. On the contrary, the percentages of memory CD(4)(+) T cells, HLA-DR(+) CD(8)(+) T cells and CD(38)(+) CD(8)(+) T cells were significantly increased. It suggests that the tumor killing effect of cytotoxic lymphocytes in peripheral blood is impaired in patients with colorectal cancer, whereas the immune response is over stimulated.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/imunologia , Subpopulações de Linfócitos , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Humanos , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Contagem de Linfócitos
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