Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.033
Filtrar
1.
Arch Virol ; 165(6): 1445-1451, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32248293

RESUMO

The use of the nanocapsulated adjuvant Sapomax increased the expression of innate immunity genes (H2Q10, Ddx58, Tyk2, Tlr3, Tlr7, and TNF) responsible for the primary recognition of influenza virus, i.e., those belonging to the RLR and TLR families; genes involved in stimulating the production of type I and III IFN and pro-inflammatory cytokines; and Th1 and Th2 cellular immunity genes (Ccr4, Ccr5, IFNγ, IL-2, IL-4, and IL-10) responsible for triggering regulatory immune mechanisms in the cell. The high immunological activity of the plant-derived nanocapsulated adjuvant Sapomax may be used to enhance the efficacy of vaccines.


Assuntos
Adjuvantes Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Imunidade Inata/efeitos dos fármacos , Saponaria/química , Vacinas/imunologia , Adjuvantes Imunológicos/genética , Animais , Citocinas/imunologia , Composição de Medicamentos , Feminino , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Nanocápsulas , Células Th1/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th1/imunologia , Células Th2/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th2/imunologia
2.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e920583, 2020 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32249275

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Bifidobacteria are among the probiotics used in treating intestinal diseases and are rarely used for allergic asthma treatment. The present study investigated the mechanism of B. infantis in treating allergic asthma in mice. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 40 male Balb/c mice were randomized into control, ovalbumin (OVA), montelukast (Mon), and B. infantis (B10) groups, and allergic asthma was induced in the OVA, Mon, and B10 groups. Airway reactivity was measured on day 29 by methacholine at various doses. The numbers of total cells and inflammatory cells in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were counted by blood cell counter and Diff-Quik staining. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was performed to observe inflammatory cell infiltration in lung tissues. Total IgE and OVA-specific IgE in serum were measured by ELISA. Mucin 5AC expression was detected by Western blot to evaluate airway obstruction. The levels of Th1 (IFN-γ, IL-2) and Th2 (IL-4, IL-5, IL-13) cytokines in BALF and tissues were detected by ELISA and qRT-PCR, respectively. RESULTS The mice in the OVA group had airway hyperreactivity, while the symptoms in the B10 group and Mon group were effectively relieved. B10 reduced the number of inflammatory cells in BALF as well as inflammatory cell infiltration in tissues. Moreover, the levels of total serum IgE, OVA-specific IgE, and Mucin 5AC were increased in the OVA group, but were reduced in the Mon group and B10 group. B. infantis increased the levels of Th1 cytokines and decreased those of Th2 cytokines. CONCLUSIONS B. infantis can reduce the infiltration of inflammatory cells induced by OVA-specific antibodies in mice. B. infantis has therapeutic effects on allergic asthma by promoting Th1 and inhibiting Th2 immune responses.


Assuntos
Asma/terapia , Bifidobacterium longum subspecies infantis , Animais , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/citologia , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/imunologia , Citocinas/imunologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Ovalbumina/imunologia , Distribuição Aleatória , Células Th1/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th1/imunologia , Células Th2/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th2/imunologia
3.
Chem Biol Interact ; 315: 108874, 2020 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669322

RESUMO

Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a type I hypersensitivity immune response and is a common chronic allergic respiratory disorder characterized by one or more nasal symptoms. Despite many studies on AR therapy, the drugs of treatment for AR remain limited in effect. In the present study, we aimed to elucidate the effects of saikosaponin A (SSA) on nasal inflammation, T helper (Th)2 and Th17 cytokines, retinoic acid-related orphan nuclear receptor (ROR)-γt, signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)3, and nuclear factor (NF)-κB signalings in ovalbumin (OVA)-induced AR mice model. OVA-induced AR mice exhibited increase in nasal symptoms, histological alteration, OVA-specific immunoglobulin (Ig)E/IgG1, ROR-γt, STAT3 and NF-κB signalings. However, the administration of SSA significantly decreased allergic symptoms including nasal rubbing and sneezing. Additionally, histological alterations such as mucosa layer thickness, goblet cell hyperplasia, eosinophils and mast cell infiltration in nasal tissues dramatically improved by treatment with SSA. Also, SSA treatment decreased the levels of OVA-specific IgE/IgG1 in serum and the levels of Th2 and Th17 cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-17 in nasal lavage fluid (NALF). Moreover, SSA inhibited the activation of transcription factor ROR-γt, STAT3 and phosphorylated STAT3 in both NALF and lung. Futher, SSA could also significantly inhibit the expressions of NF-κB p65 and phosphorylated NF-κB p65 in NALF and lung. These present results suggested that SSA may attenuate OVA-induced allergic rhinitis through regulating the expression of IL-6/ROR-γt/STAT3/IL-17/NF-κB signaling. The results indicate that SSA may be used as a therapeutic candidate for allergic rhinitis disease.


Assuntos
Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/metabolismo , Mucosa Nasal/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido Oleanólico/análogos & derivados , Rinite Alérgica/tratamento farmacológico , Rinite Alérgica/metabolismo , Saponinas/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Citocinas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Imunoglobulina E/metabolismo , Imunoglobulina G/metabolismo , Interleucina-17/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Mucosa Nasal/metabolismo , Membro 3 do Grupo F da Subfamília 1 de Receptores Nucleares/metabolismo , Ácido Oleanólico/farmacologia , Ovalbumina/farmacologia , Rinite Alérgica/induzido quimicamente , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Células Th17/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th17/metabolismo , Células Th2/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th2/metabolismo
4.
J Drugs Dermatol ; 18(10)2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31603635

RESUMO

Dupilumab inhibits the interleukin-4 receptor subunit α and is FDA approved for treatment of moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis. It is a relatively new drug, and whether it is efficacious for other diseases in dermatology is an area of increasing interest. We searched the literature and ClinicalTrials.gov database for uses of dupilumab beyond atopic dermatitis in dermatology and for ongoing studies on new uses for dupilumab. Off-label reports identified described use of dupilumab for several different dermatologic conditions, including allergic contact dermatitis, hand dermatitis, chronic spontaneous urticaria, prurigo nodularis, and alopecia areata. Overall, there is limited but promising data for dupilumab use beyond atopic dermatitis in dermatology. The relatively safe adverse effect profile of dupilumab may make it an option for certain recalcitrant diseases in dermatology, but further studies will be needed to assess its efficacy and determine its best possible use. J Drugs Dermatol. 2019;18(10):1053-1055.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Uso Off-Label , Dermatopatias/tratamento farmacológico , Anticorpos Monoclonais/farmacologia , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados , Humanos , Subunidade alfa de Receptor de Interleucina-4/antagonistas & inibidores , Dermatopatias/imunologia , Células Th2/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th2/imunologia , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 119: 109429, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31505422

RESUMO

Asthma is a common obstructive airway disease characterized by inflammation and remodeling with a progressive decline in lung function. Fangxiao Formula (FXF) is an herbal medicine that has achieved significant clinical benefits toward asthma patients, but the relevant mechanism has not yet been clarified. The aim of this study was to determine the inhibitory effects of FXF on airway inflammation and remodeling, and investigate the activities of TGF­ß/Smads signaling pathway in the rat asthma model. Rats were sensitized by ovalbumin (OVA) for six weeks to establish the asthma experimental model. OVA-challenged animals were randomly divided into 5 groups and received different concentrations of FXF or dexamethasone. The animals in blank control group received saline only. Lung tissues were collected and analyzed for determining the inflammatory cells infiltration, HE and PAS staining, airway wall thickness and collagen deposition. The productions of inflammatory cytokine productions were analyzed by ELISA in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid. Immunohistochemical analysis was performed to measure the expression of α-SMA and PCNA in lung tissue after the treatment of FXF. The levels of TGF-ß were assessed by both immunohistology and western blotting, and the expression of p-Smad2/3 proteins were determined by western blotting analysis. Our results indicated that FXF attenuated the infiltration of inflammatory cells, decreased the production of Th2 cytokines and simultaneously increased the levels of Th1 cytokine in the asthma rat model. In addition, FXF reduced allergen-induced increased airway wall thickness, goblet cell hyperplasia and collagen deposition. Furthermore, the expression levels of TGF-ß and p-Smad3 were obviously reduced after the treatment of FXF. These results indicate that FXF alleviates airway inflammation and remodeling by restoring the balance of Th1/Th2 cytokines and the TGF-ß/Smad-3 pathway, therefor providing potential therapeutic approach for asthmatic patients.


Assuntos
Remodelação das Vias Aéreas/efeitos dos fármacos , Asma/fisiopatologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/fisiopatologia , Pulmão/patologia , Proteína Smad3/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Animais , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar , Colágeno/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Hiperplasia , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Antígeno Nuclear de Célula em Proliferação/metabolismo , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th1/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th1/imunologia , Células Th2/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th2/imunologia
6.
Molecules ; 24(16)2019 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31426284

RESUMO

Allergic disease is one of the most important and common health problems worldwide. We have previously demonstrated that a fig leaf-derived lactic acid bacterium Lactobacillus (Lb.) paracasei IJH-SONE68 produces a novel exopolysaccharide (EPS). Furthermore, we have shown that the EPS inhibits the catalytic activity of hyaluronidase (EC 3.2.1.36) promoting inflammatory reactions. To evaluate the anti-allergy and anti-inflammatory effects of the EPS, in the present study, we employed the picryl-chloride-induced delayed-type (type IV) allergy model mice, which is used to evaluate the contact dermatitis. Oral administration of the EPS was observed to reduce the ear swelling in the model mice. We also observed that the overexpression of ear interleukin-4 (T helper (Th) 2 cytokine) mRNA and the increase in serum immunoglobulin E (IgE) are repressed. However, the expression of interferon-γ (Th1 cytokine) was not accelerated in all of the allergen-challenged model mice. The improvement may be responsible for the Th2 downregulation rather than the Th1 upregulation. In addition, the symptom of immediate-type (type I) allergy model mice was improved by oral administration of the IJH-SONE68 cell (data not shown). We can conclude that the IJH-SONE68-derived EPS is useful to improve the type I and IV allergies including atopic dermatitis.


Assuntos
Antialérgicos/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Dermatite de Contato/prevenção & controle , Fármacos Dermatológicos/farmacologia , Lactobacillus paracasei/química , Polissacarídeos Bacterianos/farmacologia , Administração Oral , Alérgenos/imunologia , Alérgenos/metabolismo , Animais , Antialérgicos/isolamento & purificação , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Dermatite de Contato/etiologia , Dermatite de Contato/imunologia , Dermatite de Contato/patologia , Fármacos Dermatológicos/isolamento & purificação , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Orelha , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Hialuronoglucosaminidase/antagonistas & inibidores , Hialuronoglucosaminidase/imunologia , Hialuronoglucosaminidase/metabolismo , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Imunoglobulina E/genética , Interferon gama/genética , Interferon gama/imunologia , Interleucina-4/genética , Interleucina-4/imunologia , Lactobacillus paracasei/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Cloreto de Picrila/administração & dosagem , Polissacarídeos Bacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Células Th1/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th1/imunologia , Células Th2/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th2/imunologia
7.
J Sci Food Agric ; 99(15): 7008-7015, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31435932

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Silkworm droppings have long been used in traditional medicine to remedy allergic itching, palsy, blood circulation problems, and arthritis in Asian countries. To investigate the anti-allergic effect of silkworm dropping extract (SDE) and its mechanism, we used a mouse model of food allergy induced by ovalbumin (OVA). RESULTS: SDE ameliorated the symptoms of OVA-induced food allergies, and the levels of T helper 2 (Th2)-related cytokines [such as interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, IL-10, and IL-13] were found to be significantly decreased in both the spleen and mesenteric lymph nodes by SDE. Furthermore, SDE treatment directly inhibited OVA permeation, IL-4 production, and degranulation of mast cells; in contrast, immunoglobulin E (IgE) production from B cells was not affected. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that SDE has potential anti-allergic activities, and SDE may be useful in the treatment/prevention of allergic disorders such as food allergies, serving as therapeutic agents. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Antialérgicos/administração & dosagem , Bombyx/química , Fezes/química , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/tratamento farmacológico , Células Th2/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antialérgicos/química , Feminino , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/genética , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/imunologia , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E/imunologia , Interleucina-13/genética , Interleucina-13/imunologia , Interleucina-4/genética , Interleucina-4/imunologia , Interleucina-5/genética , Interleucina-5/imunologia , Mastócitos/imunologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Ovalbumina/efeitos adversos , Células Th2/imunologia
8.
Am J Chin Med ; 47(5): 1099-1112, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366207

RESUMO

Asthma is the most prevalent chronic respiratory disease worldwide. Garlic extracts have long been used as a food source and in traditional medicine. Crude extracts of garlic are used as an anti-inflammatory agent and have been reported to exhibit antiasthmatic properties. However, molecular mechanisms of garlic extracts in the context of antiasthmatic airway inflammation are still unclear. In this study, the antiasthmatic effect of garlic extracts on Th1, Th2, and Th3 cytokine profiles and immunoregulatory mechanism were explored using an animal model of allergic asthma. Garlic extracts significantly reduced total inflammatory cell counts and eosinophil infiltration and decreased the production of Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus IgE in serum and Th1/Th2/Th3 cytokine in bronchoalveolar fluid. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay analysis demonstrated that garlic extracts downregulated the levels of cytokines and chemokines, namely Th2-related IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13; but they simultaneously upregulated Th1-related IFN-γ, IL-12, and Th3-related IL-10 and TGF-ß expression in BALF. The mechanism may be ascribed to the modulation of Th1-, Th2-, and Th3-related cytokine imbalance.


Assuntos
Asma/prevenção & controle , Alho/química , Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Substâncias Protetoras/administração & dosagem , Alérgenos/efeitos adversos , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/administração & dosagem , Asma/induzido quimicamente , Asma/genética , Asma/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E/imunologia , Interleucina-12/genética , Interleucina-12/imunologia , Interleucina-5/genética , Interleucina-5/imunologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Células Th1/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th1/imunologia , Células Th2/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th2/imunologia
9.
Respir Res ; 20(1): 165, 2019 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31340811

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Complement factor C5 can either aggravate or attenuate the T-helper type 2 (TH2) immune response and airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) in murine models of allergic asthma. The effect of C5 during the effector phase of allergen-induced asthma is ill-defined. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the effect of C5 blockade during the effector phase on the pulmonary TH2 response and AHR in a house dust mite (HDM) driven murine asthma model. METHODS: BALB/c mice were sensitized and challenged repeatedly with HDM via the airways to induce allergic lung inflammation. Sensitized mice received twice weekly injections with a blocking anti-C5 or control antibody 24 h before the first challenge. RESULTS: HDM challenge in sensitized mice resulted in elevated C5a levels in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. Anti-C5 administered to sensitized mice prior to the first HDM challenge prevented this rise in C5a, but did not influence the influx of eosinophils or neutrophils. While anti-C5 did not impact the recruitment of CD4 T cells upon HDM challenge, it reduced the proportion of TH2 cells recruited to the airways, attenuated IL-4 release by regional lymph nodes restimulated with HDM ex vivo and mitigated the plasma IgE response. Anti-C5 did not affect innate lymphoid cell (ILC) proliferation or group 2 ILC (ILC2) differentiation. Anti-C5 attenuated HDM induced AHR in the absence of an effect on lung histopathology, mucus production or vascular leak. CONCLUSIONS: Generation of C5a during the effector phase of HDM induced allergic lung inflammation contributes to TH2 cell differentiation and AHR without impacting ILC2 cells.


Assuntos
Asma/imunologia , Complemento C5a/antagonistas & inibidores , Complemento C5a/imunologia , Imunidade Inata/imunologia , Pyroglyphidae/imunologia , Células Th2/imunologia , Animais , Asma/induzido quimicamente , Asma/prevenção & controle , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Imunidade Inata/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos/imunologia , Cloreto de Metacolina/farmacologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Células Th2/efeitos dos fármacos
10.
Infect Immun ; 87(10)2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31308083

RESUMO

Bordetella bronchiseptica is an etiologic agent of respiratory diseases in animals and humans. Despite the widespread use of veterinary B. bronchiseptica vaccines, there is limited information on their composition and relative efficacy and on the immune responses that they elicit. Furthermore, human B. bronchiseptica vaccines are not available. We leveraged the dual antigenic and adjuvant functions of Bordetella colonization factor A (BcfA) to develop acellular B. bronchiseptica vaccines in the absence of an additional adjuvant. BALB/c mice immunized with BcfA alone or a trivalent vaccine containing BcfA and the Bordetella antigens FHA and Prn were equally protected against challenge with a prototype B. bronchiseptica strain. The trivalent vaccine protected mice significantly better than the canine vaccine Bronchicine and provided protection against a B. bronchiseptica strain isolated from a dog with kennel cough. Th1/17-polarized immune responses correlate with long-lasting protection against bordetellae and other respiratory pathogens. Notably, BcfA strongly attenuated the Th2 responses elicited by FHA and Prn, resulting in Th1/17-skewed responses in inherently Th2-skewed BALB/c mice. Thus, BcfA functions as both an antigen and an adjuvant, providing protection as a single-component vaccine. BcfA-adjuvanted vaccines may improve the efficacy and durability of vaccines against bordetellae and other pathogens.


Assuntos
Adesinas Bacterianas/administração & dosagem , Adjuvantes Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Antígenos de Bactérias/administração & dosagem , Proteínas da Membrana Bacteriana Externa/administração & dosagem , Vacinas Bacterianas/administração & dosagem , Infecções por Bordetella/prevenção & controle , Bordetella bronchiseptica/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Virulência de Bordetella/administração & dosagem , Animais , Infecções por Bordetella/imunologia , Infecções por Bordetella/microbiologia , Bordetella bronchiseptica/imunologia , Bordetella bronchiseptica/patogenicidade , Cães , Feminino , Humanos , Imunização , Imunogenicidade da Vacina , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Células Th1/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th1/imunologia , Células Th1/microbiologia , Equilíbrio Th1-Th2/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th17/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th17/imunologia , Células Th17/microbiologia , Células Th2/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th2/imunologia , Células Th2/microbiologia
11.
Environ Pollut ; 252(Pt B): 1519-1531, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31277021

RESUMO

Some basic research has shown that nanomaterials can aggravate allergic asthma. However, its potential mechanism is insufficient. Based on the research that alumina nanopowder (nAl2O3) has been reported to cause lung tissue damage, the purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between nAl2O3 and allergic asthma as well as its molecular mechanism. In this study, Balb/c mice were sensitized with ovalbumin (OVA) to construct the allergic asthma model while intratracheally administered 0.5, 5 or 50 mg kg-1·day-1 nAl2O3 for 3 weeks. It was observed that exposure to nAl2O3 exacerbated airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR), airway remodeling, and inflammation cell infiltration, leading to lung function damage in mice. Results revealed that nAl2O3 could increase ROS levels and decrease GSH levels in lung tissue, promote the increases of the T-IgE, TGF-ß, IL-1ß and IL-6 levels, stimulate the overexpression of transcription factors GATA-3 and RORγt, decrease the levels of IFN-γ and IL-10 and increase the levels of IL-4 and IL-17A, resulting in the imbalance of Th1/Th2 and Treg/Th17 immune responses. In addition, antioxidant Vitamin E (Vit E) could alleviate asthma-like symptoms through blocking oxidative stress. The study displayed that exposure of nAl2O3 deteriorated allergic asthma through promoting the imbalances of Th1/Th2 and Treg/Th17.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Asma/prevenção & controle , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th17/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th2/efeitos dos fármacos , Vitamina E/farmacologia , Óxido de Alumínio/toxicidade , Animais , Asma/induzido quimicamente , Asma/imunologia , Interleucina-17/imunologia , Interleucina-4/imunologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Nanopartículas/toxicidade , Ovalbumina/imunologia , Estresse Oxidativo/imunologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Células Th17/imunologia , Células Th2/imunologia
12.
Molecules ; 24(13)2019 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31277476

RESUMO

Advanced glycation end products (AGE), the most known aging biomarker, may cause "inflamm-aging" (i.e., chronic low-grade inflammation that develops with aging) in both aged and diabetes groups. However, the molecular bases of inflamm-aging remain obscure. We prepared AGE by incubating BSA (0.0746 mmol/L) + glucose (0.5 mol/L) at 37 °C in 5% CO2-95% air for 1-180 days. The lysine glycation in BSA-AGE reached 77% on day 30 and 100% after day 130, whereas the glycation of arginine and cysteine was minimal. The Nε-(carboxymethyl)-lysine content in BSA-AGE was also increased with increasing number of incubation days. The lectin-binding assay revealed that the glycation of BSA not only altered the conformational structure, but lost binding capacity with various lectins. An immunological functional assay showed that BSA-AGE > 8 µg/mL significantly suppressed normal human Th1 (IL-2 and IFN-γ) and Th2 (IL-10) mRNA expression, whereas AGE > 0.5 µg/mL enhanced monocyte IL-6 production irrelevant to cell apoptosis. The AGE-enhanced monocyte IL-6 production was via MAPK-ERK and MyD88-transduced NF-κBp50 signaling pathways. To elucidate the structure-function relationship of BSA-AGE-enhanced IL-6 production, we pre-preincubated BSA-AGE with different carbohydrate-degrading, protein-degrading, and glycoprotein-degrading enzymes. We found that trypsin and carboxypeptidase Y suppressed whereas ß-galactosidase enhanced monocyte IL-6 production. In conclusion, BSA-AGE exerted both immunosuppressive and pro-inflammatory effects that are the molecular basis of inflamm-aging in aged and diabetes groups.


Assuntos
Produtos Finais de Glicação Avançada/farmacologia , Interleucina-6/genética , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Monócitos/metabolismo , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/metabolismo , Subunidade p50 de NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Soroalbumina Bovina/farmacologia , Linfócitos T Auxiliares-Indutores/metabolismo , Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Animais , Bovinos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Glicoproteínas/metabolismo , Humanos , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Lectinas/metabolismo , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Reação de Maillard/efeitos dos fármacos , Peso Molecular , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Linfócitos T Auxiliares-Indutores/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th1/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th1/metabolismo , Células Th2/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th2/metabolismo
13.
APMIS ; 127(10): 688-695, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31344274

RESUMO

Acetylshikonin has long been known as an anti-inflammatory and antioxidative reagent. However, the anti-allergic effect has not been studied. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of acetylshikonin on allergic rhinitis (AR) in mice. Mice were sensitized by intraperitoneal injection of OVA and aluminum hydroxide and challenged with intranasal instillation of OVA. Acetylshikonin was administered orally after nasal cavities challenge. Severity of allergic rhinitis was assessed according to nasal symptoms; serum OVA-specific immunoglobulin E (IgE), IgG1, and IgG2a level; and interleukin (IL)-4, IL-10, IL-5, IL-13, TNF-α, IL-12, and interferon (INF)-γ levels in nasal lavage fluid (NALF). Additionally, the histological change and the release of histamine in serum and nasal lavage fluid were evaluated by acid-Schiff stain and ELISA. Acetylshikonin attenuated manifestation of nasal symptoms in sensitized mice and inhibited production of Th2-related OVA-specific IgE, IgG1, and Th2 cell-produced IL-4, IL-5, IL-13, and mast cell produced histamine; however, it had no effect on Th1 cell-produced cytokines, like INF-γ. In addition, the degree of inflammatory cell infiltration and goblet cell hyperplasia was attenuated by acetylshikonin treatment. Our results suggest that acetylshikonin effectively reduces allergic inflammation in a mouse model of allergic rhinitis by its anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory properties.


Assuntos
Antraquinonas/administração & dosagem , Citocinas/antagonistas & inibidores , Liberação de Histamina/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Mastócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Rinite Alérgica/tratamento farmacológico , Células Th2/efeitos dos fármacos , Administração Oral , Alérgenos/administração & dosagem , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Injeções Intraperitoneais , Camundongos , Ovalbumina/administração & dosagem , Rinite Alérgica/induzido quimicamente , Rinite Alérgica/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Immun Inflamm Dis ; 7(3): 201-213, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31264384

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Allergic asthma is the most common inflammatory disease of upper airways. Airway dendritic cells (DCs) are key antigen presenting cells that regulate T helper 2 (Th2)-dependent allergic inflammation. Recent studies have shown critical role of airway DCs in the induction of Th2-mediated allergic inflammation and are attractive therapeutic targets in asthma. However, molecular signaling mechanism that regulate DCs function to Th2 immune responses are poorly understood. Here we aim to evaluate the immunomodulatory effect of dimethyl fumarate (DMF), an FDA approved small molecule drug, in the house dust mite (HDM)-induced experimental model of allergic asthma. METHODS: DMF was administered intranasally in the challenge period of HDM-induced murine model of experimental asthma. Airway inflammation, airway hyperreactivity, Th2/Th1 cytokine were assessed. The effect of DMF on DC function was further evaluated by adoptive transfer of HDM-pulsed DMF treated DCs to wild-type naïve mice. RESULTS: DMF treatment significantly reduced HDM-induced airway inflammation, mucous cell metaplasia, and airway hyperactivity to inhaled methacholine. Mechanistically, DMF interferes with the migration of lung DCs to draining mediastinal lymph nodes, thereby attenuates the induction of allergic sensitization and Th2 immune response. Notably, adoptive transfer of DMF treated DCs to naïve mice with HDM challenge similarly reduces the features of allergic asthma. CONCLUSION: This identifies a novel function of DMF on DC-mediated adaptive immune responses in the setting of HDM-induced airway inflammation. Taken together, our results offer a mechanistic rationale for DMF use to target DCs in local lung environment as antiasthmatic therapy.


Assuntos
Asma/imunologia , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Fumarato de Dimetilo/imunologia , Hipersensibilidade/imunologia , Células Th2/imunologia , Administração Intranasal , Animais , Asma/terapia , Células Dendríticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Fumarato de Dimetilo/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Hipersensibilidade/terapia , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/imunologia , Camundongos , Pyroglyphidae/imunologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/imunologia , Células Th2/efeitos dos fármacos
15.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 241: 112015, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31173875

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a pruritic, chronic, relapsing inflammatory skin disease. Gardenia jasminoides extract (GJE) has been used as a traditional remedy for the treatment of various inflammatory diseases, including AD. The specific effects of the extract components, which include crocin, geniposidic acid, and gardenoside, on inflammatory responses in AD are not entirely clear. AIM OF THE STUDY: We determined the effects of G. jasminoides extract with crocin removed (GJE-C) on AD-like skin lesions in Dermatophagoies farina crude extract (Dfe)-treated NC/Nga mice, a well-known AD mouse model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To prepare the mice, 150 µl of 4% sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) was applied to the shaved dorsal skin or ear of NC/Nga mice 1 h before application of 100 mg Dfe. After 7 d, GJE-C was applied every day for 14 d. We performed behavior, histological, ELISA, assays to evaluate chemokines, cytokines, and skin barrier proteins in skin or serum samples from treated and untreated NC/Nga mice. RESULTS: Topical application of GJE-C improved the severity scores of the AD-like skin lesions, frequency of scratching, and ear swelling in Dfe-treated NC/Nga mice similar to the complete GJE. In addition, GJE-C also reduced serum IgE and chemokine levels as well as the inflammatory response. Topical application of GJE-C also resulted in decreased infiltration of inflammatory cells, such as mast cells, via reduction of Th2 inflammatory mediators, including interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, and IL-13, pro-inflammatory cytokines, and chemokines, and increased skin barrier protein expression in Dfe-treated NC/Nga mice. The GJE components geniposidic acid and gardenoside inhibited the production of atopic-related chemokines in HaCaT cells, but inclusion of crocin dampened this inhibition of chemokine production. CONCLUSIONS: Together, these findings indicate that GJE-C may improve AD-like lesions by inhibiting the Th2 inflammatory response and expression of chemokines while increasing the expression of skin barrier proteins. These data provide experimental evidence that GJE-C may harbor therapeutic potential for AD.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Antígenos de Dermatophagoides/efeitos adversos , Citocinas/imunologia , Dermatite Atópica/tratamento farmacológico , Gardenia , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Carotenoides/farmacologia , Carotenoides/uso terapêutico , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular , Dermatite Atópica/imunologia , Dermatophagoides farinae , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Masculino , Camundongos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Pele/imunologia , Pele/patologia , Células Th2/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th2/imunologia
16.
Curr Med Sci ; 39(3): 363-370, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31209804

RESUMO

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection is the primary cause of respiratory disease in infants. The formalin-inactivated RSV (FI-RSV) vaccine resulted in an enhanced respiratory disease (ERD) in infants upon natural RSV infection, which is a major obstacle for development of safe and efficacious vaccines. Excessive and uncontrolled Th immune responses could be involved in the ERD. Agonists of TLRs are used as adjuvants to guide the type of immune response induced by vaccines. We evaluated the impact of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), the agonist of TLR4, on ERD as the adjuvant of FI-RSV. The results showed that LPS remarkably inhibited FI-RSV-enhanced lung inflammation, mucus production, airway inflammatory cell infiltration, and inflammatory cytokines following RSV challenge. Interestingly, LPS inhibited both Th2 and Th17 type cytokines in lungs of FI-RSV-immunized mice following RSV challenge, without an increase in the Th1 type cytokines, suggesting a controlled immune response. In contrast, Pam3Cys and Poly(I:C), the agonist of TLR1/2 or TLR3, partly inhibited FI-RSV-enhanced lung inflammation. Pam3Cys inhibited Th17 type cytokine IL-17, but promoted both Th1 and Th2 type cytokines. Poly(I:C) inhibited Th2 and Th17 type cytokines, but promoted Th1 type cytokines. In addition, LPS promoted IgG and IgG2a antibody production, which might provide protection from RSV challenge. These results suggest that LPS inhibits ERD without impairment in antibody production and protection, and the mechanism appears to be related with regulation of Th responses induced by FI-RSV.


Assuntos
Adjuvantes Imunológicos/farmacologia , Anticorpos Antivirais/biossíntese , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Pneumonia/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Vírus Respiratório Sincicial/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra Vírus Sincicial Respiratório/efeitos adversos , Vírus Sinciciais Respiratórios/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Feminino , Formaldeído , Interleucina-17/genética , Interleucina-17/imunologia , Interleucina-2/genética , Interleucina-2/imunologia , Lipoproteínas/farmacologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Pneumonia/etiologia , Pneumonia/imunologia , Pneumonia/patologia , Poli I-C/farmacologia , Infecções por Vírus Respiratório Sincicial/imunologia , Infecções por Vírus Respiratório Sincicial/patologia , Infecções por Vírus Respiratório Sincicial/virologia , Vacinas contra Vírus Sincicial Respiratório/administração & dosagem , Vírus Sinciciais Respiratórios/imunologia , Vírus Sinciciais Respiratórios/patogenicidade , Células Th1/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th1/imunologia , Células Th1/virologia , Equilíbrio Th1-Th2/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th17/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th17/imunologia , Células Th17/virologia , Células Th2/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th2/imunologia , Células Th2/virologia , Receptor 2 Toll-Like/agonistas , Receptor 2 Toll-Like/genética , Receptor 2 Toll-Like/imunologia , Receptor 3 Toll-Like/agonistas , Receptor 3 Toll-Like/genética , Receptor 3 Toll-Like/imunologia , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/agonistas , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/genética , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/imunologia , Vacinação , Vacinas de Produtos Inativados
17.
Genomics Proteomics Bioinformatics ; 17(2): 129-139, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31229590

RESUMO

The activation mechanism of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-engineered T cells may differ substantially from T cells carrying native T cell receptor, but this difference remains poorly understood. We present the first comprehensive portrait of single-cell level transcriptional and cytokine signatures of anti-CD19/4-1BB/CD28/CD3ζ CAR-T cells upon antigen-specific stimulation. Both CD4+ helper T (TH) cells and CD8+ cytotoxic CAR-T cells are equally effective in directly killing target tumor cells and their cytotoxic activity is associated with the elevation of a range of TH1 and TH2 signature cytokines, e.g., interferon γ, tumor necrotic factor α, interleukin 5 (IL5), and IL13, as confirmed by the expression of master transcription factor genes TBX21 and GATA3. However, rather than conforming to stringent TH1 or TH2 subtypes, single-cell analysis reveals that the predominant response is a highly mixed TH1/TH2 function in the same cell. The regulatory T cell activity, although observed in a small fraction of activated cells, emerges from this hybrid TH1/TH2 population. Granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is produced from the majority of cells regardless of the polarization states, further contrasting CAR-T to classic T cells. Surprisingly, the cytokine response is minimally associated with differentiation status, although all major differentiation subsets such as naïve, central memory, effector memory, and effector are detected. All these suggest that the activation of CAR-engineered T cells is a canonical process that leads to a highly mixed response combining both type 1 and type 2 cytokines together with GM-CSF, supporting the notion that polyfunctional CAR-T cells correlate with objective response of patients in clinical trials. This work provides new insights into the mechanism of CAR activation and implies the necessity for cellular function assays to characterize the quality of CAR-T infusion products and monitor therapeutic responses in patients.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular , Ativação Linfocitária/imunologia , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos/metabolismo , Análise de Célula Única/métodos , Células Th1/citologia , Células Th2/citologia , Antígenos/metabolismo , Antígeno CTLA-4/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular , Citocinas/metabolismo , Citotoxicidade Imunológica/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos e Macrófagos/farmacologia , Humanos , Ativação Linfocitária/efeitos dos fármacos , Subpopulações de Linfócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Subpopulações de Linfócitos/metabolismo , Fenótipo , Proteômica , Linfócitos T Reguladores/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos T Reguladores/metabolismo , Células Th1/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th2/efeitos dos fármacos , Transcrição Genética/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos
18.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(12)2019 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31216735

RESUMO

Bronchial asthma is a chronic disease characterized by reversible airway obstruction, mucus production, and bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR). Although Th2 cell-mediated eosinophilic inflammation is an important disease mechanism in the majority of patients with bronchial asthma, recent studies suggest the possible development of Th2-independent airway inflammation and BHR. These non-Th2 endotype patients seem to consist of multiple subgroups, and often do not respond to inhaled corticosteroids. Therefore, to understand the pathogenesis of asthma, it is important to characterize these non-Th2 subgroups. Recently, we demonstrated that Th9 cells induce eosinophil infiltration and eosinophil-independent BHR, and Th9 cells-mediated BHR may be resistant to glucocorticoid. In this review, we summarize the contribution of several T cell subsets in the development of bronchial asthma and introduce our recent study demonstrating Th9 cell-mediated and eosinophil-independent BHR.


Assuntos
Hiper-Reatividade Brônquica/imunologia , Hiper-Reatividade Brônquica/metabolismo , Eosinófilos/imunologia , Eosinófilos/metabolismo , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Animais , Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Asma/imunologia , Asma/metabolismo , Hiper-Reatividade Brônquica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th1/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th1/imunologia , Células Th1/metabolismo , Células Th17/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th17/imunologia , Células Th17/metabolismo , Células Th2/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th2/imunologia , Células Th2/metabolismo
19.
Environ Toxicol ; 34(10): 1121-1128, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31240852

RESUMO

meta-Xylene (m-xylene) is one of three isomers of xylene, which is widely used as a solvent and detergent in various industries and medical technology. Exposure to volatile organic compounds, such as m-xylene, causes pulmonary inflammation and airway inflammation, thereby contributing to the onset of asthma. Exposure to m-xylene increases acute wheezing and intensity of asthma symptom. However, the mechanism of the onset of asthma by m-xylene has not been studied yet. C57BL/6 mice were sensitized and challenged by m-xylene at 100 or 300 mg/kg. The mice were then sacrificed after the last challenge. Exposure to m-xylene increased the total number of inflammatory cells and the production of interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, IL-13, and immunoglobulin E related to the Th2 immune response. In contrast, the production of interferon-γ related to the Th1 immune response was decreased. In addition, the airway resistance increased according to the airway hyper-responsiveness measurements. Finally, a histological analysis revealed infiltration of inflammatory cells, mucus production, and lung fibrosis. These results suggest that m-xylene is a potential risk factor for asthma and the onset of asthma is caused by TH2 cytokines.


Assuntos
Asma/induzido quimicamente , Citocinas/imunologia , Células Th2/imunologia , Xilenos/efeitos adversos , Animais , Asma/genética , Asma/imunologia , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/imunologia , Citocinas/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E/imunologia , Interleucina-13/genética , Interleucina-13/imunologia , Interleucina-4/genética , Interleucina-4/imunologia , Interleucina-5/genética , Interleucina-5/imunologia , Pulmão/imunologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Células Th1/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th1/imunologia , Células Th2/efeitos dos fármacos
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31245305

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a common autoimmune disease linked to chronic inflammation. Dysbiosis of the gut microbiota has been proposed to contribute to the risk of RA, and a large number of researchers have investigated the gut-joint axis hypothesis using the collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) rats. However, previous studies mainly involved short-term experiments; very few used the CIA model to investigate changes in gut microbiota over time. Moreover, previous research failed to use the CIA model to carry out detailed investigations of the effects of drug treatments upon inflammation in the joints, hyperplasia of the synovium, imbalance in the ratios of Th1/Th2 and Th17/Treg cells, intestinal cytokines and the gut microbiota following long-term intervention. In the present study, we carried out a 16-week experiment to investigate changes in the gut microbiota of CIA rats, and evaluated the modulatory effect of total glucosides of paeony (TGP), an immunomodulatory agent widely used in the treatment of RA, after 12 weeks of administration. We found that taxonomic differences developed in the microbial structure between the CIA group and the Control group. Furthermore, the administration of TGP was able to correct 78% of these taxonomic differences, while also increase the relative abundance of certain forms of beneficial symbiotic bacteria. By the end of the experiment, TGP had reduced body weight, thymus index and inflammatory cell infiltration in the ankle joint of CIA rats. Furthermore, the administration of TGP had down-regulated the synovial content of VEGF and the levels of Th1 cells and Th17 cells in CIA rats, and up-regulated the levels of Th2 cells and Treg cells. The administration of TGP also inhibited the levels of intestinal cytokines, secretory immunoglobulin A (SIgA) and Interferon-γ (IFN-γ). In conclusion, the influence of TGP on dynamic changes in gut microbiota, along with the observed improvement of indicators related to CIA symptoms during 12 weeks of administration, supported the hypothesis that the microbiome may play a role in TGP-mediated therapeutic effects in CIA rats. The present study also indicated that the mechanism underlying these effects may be related to the regulation of intestinal mucosal immunity remains unknown and deserves further research attention.


Assuntos
Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Colágeno/efeitos adversos , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Glucosídeos/farmacologia , Paeonia/química , Animais , Articulação do Tornozelo/patologia , Artrite Experimental/induzido quimicamente , Artrite Experimental/patologia , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Citocinas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Disbiose , Fezes/microbiologia , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/genética , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , Imunidade , Imunidade nas Mucosas , Imunoglobulina A Secretora , Imunomodulação , Inflamação , Interferon gama/metabolismo , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Simbiose , Linfócitos T Reguladores/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th1/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th17/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th2/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA