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1.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 18(5): 480-491, sept. 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1008273

RESUMO

In the present study, we investigated the antiproliferative activity of essential oil from leaves of Melissa officinalis L. grown in Southern Bosnia and Herzegovina. In vitro evaluation of antiproliferative activity of the M. officinalis essential oil was carried out on three human tumor cell lines: MCF-7, NCI-H460 and MOLT-4 by MTT assay. M. officinalis essential oil was characterized by high percentage of monoterpenes (77,5%), followed by the sesquiterpene fraction (14,5%) and aliphatic compounds (2,2%). The main constituents of the essential oil of M. officinalis are citral (47,2%), caryophyllene oxide (10,2%), citronellal (5,4%), geraniol (6,6%), geranyl acetate (4,1%) and ß- caryophyllene (3,8%). The essential oil showed significant antiproliferative activity against three cancer cell lines, MOLT-4, MCF-7, and NCI-H460 cells, with GI50 values of <5, 6±2 and 31±17 µg/mL, respectively. The results revealed that M. officinalis L. essential oil has a potential as anticancer therapeutic agent.


En el presente estudio, investigamos la actividad antiproliferativa del aceite esencial de las hojas de Melissa officinalis L. cultivadas en el sur de Bosnia y Herzegovina. La evaluación in vitro de la actividad antiproliferativa del aceite esencial de M. officinalis se llevó a cabo en tres líneas celulares de tumores humanos: MCF-7, NCI-H460 y MOLT-4 utilizando el ensayo de MTT. El aceite esencial de M. officinalis se caracterizó por un alto porcentaje de monoterpenos (77,5%), seguido de la fracción sesquiterpénica (14,5%) y compuestos alifáticos (2,2%). Los principales constituyentes del aceite esencial de M. officinalis fueron citral (47,2%), óxido de cariofileno (10,2%), citronelal (5,4%), geraniol (6,6%), acetato de geranilo (4, 1%), y ß-cariofileno (3,8%). El aceite esencial mostró una actividad antiproliferativa significativa contra las líneas celulares de cáncer MOLT-4, MCF-7 y NCI-H460, con valores GI50 de <5, 6±2 y 31±17 µg/mL, respectivamente. Los resultados revelaron que el aceite esencial de M. officinalis L. tiene potencial como agente terapéutico contra el cáncer.


Assuntos
Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Melissa , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Sesquiterpenos/análise , Técnicas In Vitro , Óleos Voláteis/química , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Folhas de Planta , Monoterpenos/análise , Linhagem Celular Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Antineoplásicos/química
2.
Bratisl Lek Listy ; 120(9): 625-629, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475543

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Currently used glioblastoma cultures have many disadvantages and are being replaced by short-term cultures. However, these may include normal brain cells. BACKGROUND: A comparative model of normal and glioma cultures is lacking. A significant contributory factor is because cultures from adult human brain contain small amounts of cells with glial phenotypes. The predominant population of flat or spindle shaped cells does not express glial markers and are often termed as "glia-like". METHODS: Cryopreserved glioblastoma cultures from 28 bioptic samples were examined by immunofluorescence using antibodies to intermediate filaments (IF): glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), cytokeratins (CK), nestin (Nes), vimentin (Vim) and neurofilaments (NF). RESULTS: In short-term glioblastoma cultures GFAP-positive cells occured at higher percentages in 3/28 cultures and in lower percentages in further 5 cultures. Subpopulation of nestin positive cells were observed in all cultures and CK-positive cells were found in 25/28 cultures. All cells in all cultures were positively stained only for vimentin and negatively for NF. Cells grew slowly in 5 cultures which showed early proliferation arrest between passages 7 to 8. A further 23 cultures showed growth arrest by passages 10 to 15. CONCLUSION: The presence of normal cells in short-term glioblastoma cultures may be caused by the infiltrative growth of these tumors. Our comparative analysis of morphological, growth and cytoskeletal properties revealed similarities between glioblastoma and normal brain cultures. In this study, the majority (28/30) of short-term glioblastoma showed limited life spans, similar to normal cells lacking spontaneous immortalization. The use of short-term glioblastoma cultures has two main problematic areas: cultures may contain a major subpopulation of normal "glia-like" cells; or they may contain the inital phases of spontaneously immortalized glioblastoma cells bearing properties of permanent cell lines (Tab. 1, Fig. 2, Ref. 19).


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Glioblastoma , Glioma , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Proteína Glial Fibrilar Ácida , Humanos , Filamentos Intermediários , Queratinas , Nestina , Neuroglia , Vimentina
4.
Gene ; 720: 144099, 2019 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31479715

RESUMO

Emerging evidence demonstrates that circular RNA (circRNA) is a novel class of non-coding RNA that plays a pivotal role in cancer. Recently, circ-PRMT5 was identified as an oncogene in bladder cancer. Nevertheless, its contribution to non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is unknown. Herein, we aimed to clarify the biological role of circ-PRMT5 in NSCLC. High circ-PRMT5 expression was identified in NSCLC tissues and cell lines and positively correlated with larger tumor size, advanced clinic stage, lymph node metastasis as well as worse prognosis. Stable knockdown of circ-PRMT5 dramatically weakened the proliferative capacities of NSCLC cells both in vitro and in vivo. Mechanically, circ-PRMT5 could simultaneously effectively sponge three miRNAs (miR-377, miR-382 and miR-498) and alleviate their repression on the well-known oncogenic EZH2, resulting in increased EZH2 expression, thereby facilitating NSCLC progression. Importantly, a strong positive correlation between circ-PRMT5 and EZH2 expression was observed in NSCLC tissues. Overall, our data indicate that circ-PRMT5 is an oncogenic circRNA in NSCLC that can promote the growth of NSCLC via regulation of miR-377/382/498-EZH2 axis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/secundário , Proteína Potenciadora do Homólogo 2 de Zeste/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteína-Arginina N-Metiltransferases/genética , RNA/genética , Animais , Apoptose , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Carcinogênese , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células , Progressão da Doença , Proteína Potenciadora do Homólogo 2 de Zeste/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
5.
Tumour Biol ; 41(8): 1010428319869101, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31423948

RESUMO

Stemness phenotype mammospheres established from cell lines and tissues taken from autopsy can be used to test and to identify the most sensitive drugs for chemotherapy. Therefore, the aim of the present study was isolation and characterization of cancer stem cells derived from MCF7, MDA-MB231, and SKBR3 breast cancer cell lines to demonstrate the stemness phenotypes of mammospheres generated for further their applications in therapeutic approaches. In this study, two luminal subtypes of cell lines, MCF7 and SKBR3 and a basal subtype cell line, MDA-MB-231, were chosen. Mammosphere culturing was implemented for breast cancer stem cells isolation and mammosphere formation efficiency. At the next step, CD44+/CD24- cell ratio, Oct4 and Nanog mRNA levels, proliferation rate, migration rate of mammospheres, and drug resistance (in third passage) were evaluated. In addition, tumorigenicity of mammospheres in the chick embryo model was evaluated and compared through the chick chorioallantoic membrane assay. Among mammospheres formed in all three cell lines, MCF7 had the highest mammosphere formation efficiency. CD24 marker (a differentiation marker for the breast cancer cells) was significantly reduced in the mammospheres generated from MCF7 and SKBR3, during three passages. Also, Oct4 and Nanog transcript levels were significantly higher in all three types of mammospheres, as compared with their cell lines. Proliferation, migration rate, and drug resistance of mammospheres generated from all three cell lines were found to be significantly higher. Tumorigenicity of MCF7 mammospheres was confirmed through tumor size measurement. Also, tumorigenicity of MCF7 and SKBR3 mammospheres was confirmed through more migration from ectoderm to mesoderm and endoderm. We succeeded to establish the technology that can be extended to tissue in the future. We have demonstrated a number of mammospheres can be generated from cell lines. Also, cells with different molecular features showed different stemness phenotypes.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/patologia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Esferoides Celulares/patologia , Animais , Antígeno CD24/metabolismo , Movimento Celular/fisiologia , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Embrião de Galinha , Membrana Corioalantoide/citologia , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Humanos , Receptores de Hialuronatos/metabolismo , Células MCF-7 , Proteína Homeobox Nanog/genética , Fator 3 de Transcrição de Octâmero/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
6.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 34(1): 1481-1488, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31423846

RESUMO

Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1), a tryptophan catabolising enzyme, is known as a tumour cell survival factor that causes immune escape in several types of cancer. Flavonoids of Sophora flavescens have a variety of biological benefits for humans; however, cancer immunotherapy effect has not been fully investigated. The flavonoids (1-6) isolated from S. flavescens showed IDO1 inhibitory activities (IC50 4.3-31.4 µM). The representative flavonoids (4-6) of S. flavescens were determined to be non-competitive inhibitors of IDO1 by kinetic analyses. Their binding affinity to IDO1 was confirmed using thermal stability and surface plasmon resonance (SPR) assays. The molecular docking analysis and mutagenesis assay revealed the structural details of the interactions between the flavonoids (1-6) and IDO1. These results suggest that the flavonoids (1-6) of S. flavescens, especially kushenol E (6), as IDO1 inhibitors might be useful in the development of immunotherapeutic agents against cancers.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Indolamina-Pirrol 2,3,-Dioxigenase/antagonistas & inibidores , Sophora/química , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/isolamento & purificação , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/isolamento & purificação , Flavonoides/química , Flavonoides/isolamento & purificação , Células HeLa , Humanos , Indolamina-Pirrol 2,3,-Dioxigenase/genética , Indolamina-Pirrol 2,3,-Dioxigenase/metabolismo , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Mutagênese Sítio-Dirigida , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
7.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 145(9): 2199-2209, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31309302

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Radiofrequency (RF) ablation therapy is of great interest in cancer therapy as it is non-ionizing radiation and can effectively penetrate into the tissue. However, the current RF ablation technique is invasive that requires RF probe insertion into the tissue and generates a non-specific heating. Recently, RF-responsive nanomaterials such as gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) and iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) have led to tremendous progress in this area. They have been found to be able to absorb the RF field and induce a localized heating within the target, thereby affording a non-invasive and tumor-specific RF ablation strategy. In the present study, for the first time, we used a hybrid core-shell nanostructure comprising IONPs as the core and AuNPs as the shell (IO@Au) for targeted RF ablation therapy. Due to the magnetic core, the nanohybrid can be directed toward the tumor through a magnet. Moreover, IONPs enable the nanohybrid to be used as a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent. RESULTS: In vitro cytotoxicity experiment showed that the combination of IO@Au and 13.56-MHz RF field significantly reduced the viability of cancer cells. Next, during an in vivo experiment, we demonstrated that magnetically targeting of IO@Au to the tumor and subsequent RF exposure dramatically suppressed the tumor growth. CONCLUSION: Therefore, the integration of targeting, imaging, and therapeutic performances into IO@Au nanohybrid could afford the promise to improve the effectiveness of RF ablation therapy.


Assuntos
Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Compostos Férricos/química , Ouro/química , Hipertermia Induzida/métodos , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/cirurgia , Ablação por Radiofrequência/métodos , Animais , Compostos Férricos/uso terapêutico , Ouro/uso terapêutico , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/química , Masculino , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/uso terapêutico , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Terapia de Alvo Molecular/métodos , Nanocompostos/química , Nanocompostos/uso terapêutico , Nanoconchas/química , Nanoconchas/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/patologia , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
8.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 34(1): 1298-1306, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31307242

RESUMO

10H-1,9-diazaphenothiazine was obtained in the sulphurisation reaction of diphenylamine with elemental sulphur and transformed into new 10-substituted derivatives, containing alkyl and dialkylaminoalkyl groups at the thiazine nitrogen atom. The 1,9-diazaphenothiazine ring system was identified with advanced 1H and 13C NMR techniques (COSY, NOESY, HSQC and HMBC) and confirmed by X-ray diffraction analysis of the methyl derivative. The compounds exhibited significant anticancer activities against the human glioblastoma SNB-19, melanoma C-32 and breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cell lines. The most active 1,9-diazaphenothiazines were the derivatives with the propynyl and N, N-diethylaminoethyl groups being more potent than cisplatin. For those two compounds, the expression of H3, TP53, CDKN1A, BCL-2 and BAX genes was detected by the RT-QPCR method. The proteome profiling study showed the most probable compound action on SNB-19 cells through the intrinsic mitochondrial pathway of apoptosis. The 1,9-diazaphenotiazine system seems to be more potent than known isomeric ones (1,6-diaza-, 1,8-diaza-, 2,7-diaza- and 3,6-diazaphenothiazine).


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Fenotiazinas/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Fenotiazinas/síntese química , Fenotiazinas/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
9.
Gene ; 713: 143969, 2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31299360

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer (OvCa) is one of the most lethal gynecologic malignancies worldwide. Pelvic and abdominal metastasis is a leading cause for the poor prognosis of OvCa patients. The relationship between long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and OvCa remains unclear. Identifying key lncRNAs related with OvCa metastasis is crucial for research on the mechanism of OvCa metastasis. This study was designed to investigate the role of a novel lncRNA, which we named SOCAR, in serous OvCa. METHODS: LncRNA microarray and Real-time PCR were used to examine SOCAR expression in high grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC) and normal ovary tissues. The proliferation, migration and invasion of OvCa cell lines SKOV-3 and OVCAR-3 were analyzed by CCK-8, Transwell and Scratch wound healing assays. Western blotting was used to detect the expression of Wnt/ß-catenin pathway-related proteins. RESULTS: A novel serous OvCa-related lncRNA, SOCAR, was identified via microarray. SOCAR was overexpressed in primary HGSOC tumors compared with normal ovary tissues, and the expression of SOCAR correlated with progression in HGSOC patients. SOCAR also had higher expression in metastatic HGSOC tissues compared with primary cancer tissues. Moreover, upregulation of SOCAR promoted proliferation, migration and invasion in OvCa cells. Expression of Wnt1, ß-catenin and MMP-9 were all increased by SOCAR overexpression. CONCLUSION: SOCAR is related with HGSOC oncogenesis and progression. It may promote proliferation, migration and invasion in OvCa cells partially by upregulating MMP-9 through the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/patologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Apoptose , Ciclo Celular , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Prognóstico , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
10.
Photochem Photobiol Sci ; 18(8): 2012-2022, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31282525

RESUMO

Organic-metal complexes are promising molecules for use in photodynamic therapy (PDT). The aim of this study was to investigate in vitro effects of novel Ru(ii) and Ir(iii) BODIPY complexes for PDT. These hybrid organic-metal molecules (Ru-BD and Ir-BD) have been synthesized via reactions of a BODIPY precursor (BD) with a phenanthroline unit bearing Ru(ii) (3) and novel Ir(iii) (4) compounds. The crystal structures of the new distyryl BODIPY (BD) and Ru(ii) complex (3) are also reported. The photophysical and singlet oxygen generation properties of Ru-BD and Ir-BD were investigated in comparison with unsubstituted BODIPY (BD). Moreover, Ru-BD and Ir-BD have been biologically evaluated in vitro in chronic myeloid leukemia and cervical cancer cell lines in terms of photodynamic therapy efficacy in the presence of BD control. These complexes were not toxic in the dark but red light was needed to induce cell death. These data support the fact that Ru-BD could be accepted as a valuable photosensitizer-drug for further PDT treatment.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Compostos de Boro/farmacologia , Corantes/farmacologia , Compostos Organometálicos/farmacologia , Fotoquimioterapia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Compostos de Boro/síntese química , Compostos de Boro/química , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Corantes/síntese química , Corantes/química , Cristalografia por Raios X , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Irídio/química , Irídio/farmacologia , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Organometálicos/síntese química , Compostos Organometálicos/química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/síntese química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Rutênio/química , Rutênio/farmacologia , Oxigênio Singlete/análise , Oxigênio Singlete/metabolismo , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(11): 2348-2352, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359662

RESUMO

The aim of this paper was to investigate the effect of SIRT1/TSC_2 signal axis on leukemia stem cell senescence induced by ginsenoside Rg_1. CD34~+CD38~- leukemia stem cells(CD34~+CD38~-LSCs) was isolated by magnetic cell sorting(MACS) and divided into two groups. The control group cells were routinely cultured, 40 µmol·L~(-1) ginsenoside Rg_1 was added to the control group for co-culture in Rg_1 group. The effect of Rg_l to induce CD34~+CD38~-LSCs senescence were evaluated by senescence-associated ß-Galactosidase(SA-ß-Gal) staining, cell cycle assay, CCK-8 and Colony-Assay. The expression of senescence associated SIRT1, TSC_2 mRNA and protein was examined by Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR(FQ-PCR) and Western blot. The results showed that the CD34~+CD38~-LSCs could effectively be isolated by MACS, and the purity of CD34~+CD38~-LSCs is up to(95.86±3.04)%. Compared with the control group, the percentage of positive cells expressed SA-ß-Gal in the Rg_1 group is increased, the senescence morphological changes were observed in the CD34~+CD38~-LSCs in the Rg_1 group. The proliferation inhibition rate and the number of cells entered G_0/G_1 phase in the Rg_1 group were increased, but the colony-formed ability was decreased, Rg_1 could significantly inhibit the proliferation and self-renewal ability of CD34~+CD38~-LSCs. The expression of SIRT1 and TSC_2 mRNA and protein were down regulated in the Rg_1 group compared with the control group. Our research implied that Rg_1 may induce the senescence of CD34~+CD38~-LSCs and SIRT1/TSC_2 signal axis plays a significant role in this process.


Assuntos
Senescência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ginsenosídeos/farmacologia , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais , Sirtuína 1/metabolismo , Proteína 2 do Complexo Esclerose Tuberosa/metabolismo , Humanos , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
12.
Cancer Sci ; 110(9): 2748-2759, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31301081

RESUMO

In hepatocarcinogenesis induced by diethylnitrosamine (DEN) in B6C3F1 mice, the BrafV637E mutation, corresponding to the human BRAFV600E mutation, plays a pivotal role. The livers of transgenic mice with a hepatocyte-specific human BRAFV600E mutation weighed 4.5 times more than that of normal mice and consisted entirely of hepatocytes, resembling DEN-induced preneoplastic hepatocytes. However, these transgenic mice spontaneously died 7 wk after birth, therefore this study aimed to clarify the causes of death. In the transgenic mice, the liver showed thrombopoietin (TPO) overexpression, which is associated with eventual megakaryocytosis and thrombocytosis, and activated platelets were deposited in hepatic sinusoids. TPO was also overexpressed in the DEN-induced hepatic tumors, and sinusoidal platelet deposition was observed in the hepatic tumors of humans and mice. Podoplanin was expressed in some of the Kupffer cells in the liver of the transgenic mice, indicating that platelet activation occurred via the interaction of podoplanin with C-type lectin receptor 2 (CLEC-2) on the platelet membrane. Additionally, erythrocyte dyscrasia and glomerulonephropathy/interstitial pneumonia associated with platelet deposition were observed. In the transgenic mice, aspirin (Asp) administration prevented platelet activation, reduced the liver/body weight ratio, decreased the platelet deposition in the liver, kidney, and lung, and prevented erythrocyte dyscrasia and ameliorated the renal/pulmonary changes. Thrombopoietin overproduction by BRAFV600E-mutated hepatocytes may contribute to hepatocyte proliferation via thrombocytosis, platelet activation, and the interaction of platelets with hepatic sinusoidal cells, while hematologic, renal, and pulmonary disorders due to aberrant platelet activation may lead to spontaneous death in the transgenic mice.


Assuntos
Carcinogênese/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas Experimentais/patologia , Fígado/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética , Trombopoetina/metabolismo , Animais , Biópsia , Plaquetas/patologia , Medula Óssea/patologia , Capilares/patologia , Carcinógenos/administração & dosagem , Carcinógenos/toxicidade , Proliferação de Células/genética , Dietilnitrosamina/administração & dosagem , Dietilnitrosamina/toxicidade , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Hepatectomia , Hepatócitos/patologia , Humanos , Fígado/irrigação sanguínea , Fígado/citologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas Experimentais/induzido quimicamente , Neoplasias Hepáticas Experimentais/genética , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Endogâmicos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Ativação Plaquetária/genética , Cultura Primária de Células , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/metabolismo , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
13.
Life Sci ; 233: 116685, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31348947

RESUMO

AIMS: The present study aimed to investigate the effects of laser irradiation on the growth factors and cell apoptosis of in vitro cultured infant hemangioma endothelial cells. MAIN METHODS: Endothelial cells of infant hemangioma were cultured in vitro and irradiated using a variable pulse width 1064 nm Nd:YAG laser and intense pulsed light (IPL), the expression of VEGF, VEGFR-2, bFGF and their mRNAs before and after irradiation were measured by ELISA, western blot, RT-PCR and flow cytometry, and changes in the apoptotic rate of endothelial cells in hemangioma were monitored. KEY FINDINGS: The mRNA and protein expressions of VEGF, VEGFR-2, bFGF in hemangioma endothelial cells were inhibited by both Nd:YAG laser and ILP compared to the control cells. The apoptotic rates of hemangioma endothelial cells were also decreased after both laser irradiation treatments in comparison to the blank group. The differences were statistically significant. SIGNIFICANCE: Laser irradiation treats hemangioma not only through a selective photothermal mechanism, but also through cytokine signaling pathways.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos da radiação , Células Endoteliais/efeitos da radiação , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos da radiação , Hemangioma/metabolismo , Hemangioma/patologia , Terapia a Laser/métodos , Proliferação de Células , Citocinas/genética , Citocinas/metabolismo , Fator 2 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/genética , Fator 2 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Hemangioma/radioterapia , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Lactente , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
14.
Life Sci ; 233: 116692, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31351967

RESUMO

As newly discovered non-coding RNA (ncRNA), circular RNA (circRNA) has become a research hotspot in manifold cancers. But, the influences of hsa_circ_0007059 in lung cancer remain obscure. Expression of hsa_circ_0007059 in lung cancer tissues was firstly determined through RT-qPCR. After overexpressing hsa_circ_0007059, cell viability, apoptosis, p53/CyclinD1, Bax and Pro/Cleaved-Caspase-3 and EMT-correlative factors (E-cadherin, Vimetin, Twist1 and Zeb1) were tested in A549 and H1975 cells. MiR-378 expression in lung cancer tissues and cells was evaluated after miR-378 mimic transfection. Wnt/ß-catenin and ERK1/2 pathways were finally evaluated in A549 and H1975 cells. Inhibition of hsa_circ_0007059 was discovered in lung cancer tissues. Overexpressed hsa_circ_0007059 evidently restrained cell proliferation, elevated p53 and repressed CyclinD1 expression, meanwhile triggered apoptosis and enhanced Bax and Cleaved-Caspase-3 expression. Increased hsa_circ_0007059 abated EMT via enhancement of E-cadherin and inhibition of Vimentin, Twist and Zeb1 in A549 and H1975 cells. MiR-378 was up-regulated in lung cancer tissues, declined by hsa_circ_0007059 overexpression in A549 and H1975 cells. Overexpressed hsa_circ_0007059 hindered Wnt/ß-catenin and ERK1/2 pathways via suppressing miR-378 in A549 and H1975 cells. The investigations manifested that hsa_circ_0007059 abated cell proliferation and EMT process in lung cancer cells via inactivation of Wnt/ß-catenin and ERK1/2 pathways via suppressing miR-378.


Assuntos
Proliferação de Células , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA/genética , Adulto , Apoptose , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Movimento Celular , Sobrevivência Celular , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
15.
Life Sci ; 232: 116679, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31340168

RESUMO

AIMS: Amplified in liver cancer 1 gene (ALC1), a recently identified oncogene, was reported to be overexpressed in esophageal cancer cell lines and identified as a target oncogene in esophageal cancer pathogenesis. However, little literature is available to illustrate its significance in cisplatin resistance of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) cells. The aim of the current study was to investigate the effect of ALC1 on cisplatin cytotoxicity of ESCC cells and to study the potential mechanisms. MAIN METHODS: ALC1 at mRNA and protein levels were detected by qRT-PCR and western blot, respectively. Cell viability was evaluated using CCK-8 assay. Apoptosis was assessed using caspase-3/7 activity assay and flow cytometry analysis. Glycolysis level was evaluated by measuring glucose consumption and lactate production. The protein levels of p-protein kinase B (Akt) and Akt were determined by western blot. KEY FINDINGS: ALC1 was highly expressed in ESCC cells compared with human normal esophageal epithelial Het-1A cells. ALC1 knockdown suppressed the viability, induced apoptosis and enhanced cisplatin cytotoxicity in ESCC cells. In addition, ALC1 knockdown inhibited glycolysis and inactivated the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway in ESCC cells. Mechanistically, activation of the PI3K/Akt pathway by 740Y-P blocked the effects of ALC1 knockdown on cisplatin cytotoxicity and glycolysis in ESCC cells. In contrast, inhibition of the PI3K/Akt pathway by LY294002 or glycolysis by 2-deoxyglucose resisted the effect of ALC1 overexpression on cisplatin cytotoxicity in ESCC cells. SIGNIFICANCE: ALC1 knockdown enhanced cisplatin cytotoxicity of ESCC cells by inhibition of glycolysis through inactivation of the PI3K/Akt pathway.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Cisplatino/farmacologia , DNA Helicases/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Apoptose , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/enzimologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Ativação Enzimática , Neoplasias Esofágicas/enzimologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/metabolismo , Glicólise , Humanos , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
16.
Nat Chem Biol ; 15(7): 710-720, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31222192

RESUMO

Autophagy mediates the degradation of damaged proteins, organelles and pathogens, and plays a key role in health and disease. Thus, the identification of new mechanisms involved in the regulation of autophagy is of major interest. In particular, little is known about the role of lipids and lipid-binding proteins in the early steps of autophagosome biogenesis. Using target-agnostic, high-content, image-based identification of indicative phenotypic changes induced by small molecules, we have identified autogramins as a new class of autophagy inhibitor. Autogramins selectively target the recently discovered cholesterol transfer protein GRAM domain-containing protein 1A (GRAMD1A, which had not previously been implicated in autophagy), and directly compete with cholesterol binding to the GRAMD1A StART domain. GRAMD1A accumulates at sites of autophagosome initiation, affects cholesterol distribution in response to starvation and is required for autophagosome biogenesis. These findings identify a new biological function of GRAMD1A and a new role for cholesterol in autophagy.


Assuntos
Autofagossomos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Autofagossomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Proteínas de Membrana/antagonistas & inibidores , Modelos Moleculares , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/química , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/farmacologia , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
17.
Phytochemistry ; 164: 223-227, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31181353

RESUMO

Repositioning of plant extracts and chemical drugs can accelerate drug development. However, its success rate may depend on what the clue is for the repositioning. Recently, repositioning based on correction of unwarranted gene expression pattern has suggested the possibility of new drug development. Here, we designed a similar method for the repositioning of nutraceutical ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A.Mey.), which is one of the most validated natural therapeutic products for various diseases. We analyzed ginseng-induced gene expression profiles using the connectivity map algorithm, which is a database that connects diseases, chemical drugs, and gene expression. Ginseng was predicted to show the same effects as those of topoisomerase I inhibitors. In a subsequent in vitro assay, ginseng extract unwound coiled or supercoiled DNA, an effect comparable to that of the topoisomerase I inhibitor, camptothecin. Furthermore, ginseng extract induced synthetic lethality with suppression of the Werner syndrome gene. The collected data implicate ginseng as a candidate antitumor agent owing to its topoisomerase I inhibitory activity and further validate the usefulness of differentially expressed gene similarity-based repurposing of other natural products.


Assuntos
DNA Topoisomerases Tipo I/metabolismo , Reposicionamento de Medicamentos , Panax/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Inibidores da Topoisomerase I/farmacologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , DNA Topoisomerases Tipo I/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Células HCT116 , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Inibidores da Topoisomerase I/química , Inibidores da Topoisomerase I/isolamento & purificação , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
18.
Chem Biol Interact ; 310: 108717, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31229571

RESUMO

Hyperthermia is a promising anticancer treatment used in combination with radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy. Heat (42-45 °C) can kill cancer cells. Low doses of heat at milder temperatures (39-41 °C) induce thermotolerance, an adaptive survival response that upregulates defense molecules to protect cells against subsequent exposure to toxic stress. Although hyperthermia has proven effective in clinical trials, there is still much to learn about its cellular mechanisms. This study aims to understand the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS), antioxidants and the antioxidant transcription factor Nrf2 in cellular stress responses to mild and lethal heat shock. Mild thermotolerance (40 °C) and hyperthermia (42-43 °C) caused increased expression of the antioxidants peroxiredoxin-3 (Prx3) and Prx2, and its hyperoxidized form Prx-SO3. Cellular levels of superoxide and peroxides increased at 40 °C and 42 °C. Heat shock (42 °C)-induced increases in Prx3 and Prx-SO3 were inhibited by antioxidants (PEG-catalase, MnTBAP) and a Nrf2 shRNA. Glucose metabolism by the pentose phosphate pathway produces NADPH, which maintains the antioxidant glutathione in its reduced form, GSH. Heat shock (40°C-42 °C) increased GSH levels, expression of glucose transporter GLUT1, and enzymatic activity and expression of glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD), the rate-limiting enzyme in the pentose cycle. Heat-induced increases in GSH levels and G6PD expression were inhibited by antioxidants and Nrf2 knockdown. These results suggest that heat shock-generated ROS were involved in induction of cellular defense molecules Prxs, GSH and G6PD through Nrf2 activation. Our study sheds new light on the role of Nrf2 and antioxidants in cellular responses to heat shock at mild and lethal temperatures.


Assuntos
Glucosefosfato Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Glutationa/metabolismo , Resposta ao Choque Térmico/fisiologia , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Peroxirredoxinas/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Humanos , Estresse Oxidativo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
19.
Talanta ; 202: 152-158, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31171163

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most commonly diagnosed cancer in the world, which can lead to considerably high mortality rate. It was reported that the prognosis is extremely poor and survival is often measured in months once CRC metastases become clinically evident. Therefore, the development of effective approach for metastatic CRC cells detection and imaging may potentially be significant and helpful for CRC prognosis and treatment. Therefore, we proposed a sensitive and specific approach for high-metastatic CRC LoVo cells detection and imaging by using terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT)-initiated molecule beacons (MBs) arrayed fluorescent aptamer probes (denoted as TMAP). In this approach, the aptamer W3 targeting high-metastatic CRC LoVo cells was elongated to form W3-poly A at the 3'-hydroxyl terminus with repeated A bases in the presence of TdT and dATP. The MBs designed with poly T sequence in the loop were then hybridized with the poly A in the aptamer W3. The TMAP was easily constructed without the need of aptamer modification. It was demonstrated that this approach could specifically detect and image the high-metastatic CRC LoVo cells from the mixture of high-metastatic CRC LoVo cells and non-metastatic HCT-8 cells. Compared with 6-carboxyfluorescein (6-FAM) labeled aptamer W3, the TMAP was demonstrated to have a much stronger fluorescence signal on the target cells, realizing a 4-fold increase in signal-to-background ratio (SBR). Determination by flow cytometry allowed for detection of as low as 23 CRC LoVo cells in 200 µL cell culture medium. The high sensitivity and the capability for using in complicate biological samples imply that this approach holds considerable potential for metastatic CRC detection and therapy.


Assuntos
Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/química , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico por imagem , DNA Nucleotidilexotransferase/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , DNA Nucleotidilexotransferase/metabolismo , Corantes Fluorescentes/metabolismo , Humanos , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
20.
Talanta ; 202: 251-258, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31171178

RESUMO

The quantitative uptake of Silica nanoparticles (SiNPs), although representing an essential prerequisite for their theranostic use, is difficult to address and it is still not utterly investigated. In this study, we tested the uptake and toxicity of two different types of luminescent core-shell silica-PEG (polyethylene glycol) nanoparticles SiNP and their carboxylate analogues on human adenocarcinoma cell line LoVo. We assessed the intracellular spatial distribution and concentration of Si element in the cell by a state-of-the-art approach merging synchrotron-based X-ray techniques (XRFM) with scanning transmission X-Ray microscopy (STXM). The concentration maps of Si obtained reflect the distribution of the SiNPs. In addition, we calculated the number of SiNPs per volume unit in each single cell, quantitating the exact amount of conveyed particles. The absence of effects on proliferation and cell death was confirmed by viability assays, morphological analysis and cytofluorimetric evaluation of ROS content. The three-dimensional analysis of intracellular uptake of both types of nanoparticles (with different surface charge) was performed by confocal fluorescence microscopy, which showed a main localization in the cytosolic region with no sign of nuclear uptake.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo/química , Nanopartículas/análise , Dióxido de Silício/análise , Síncrotrons , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Humanos , Microscopia de Fluorescência , Dióxido de Silício/síntese química , Dióxido de Silício/farmacologia , Espectrometria por Raios X , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Raios X
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