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1.
J Environ Pathol Toxicol Oncol ; 39(3): 281-290, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32865918

RESUMO

Objective-To investigate cystathionine ß synthase (CBS)/hydrogen sulfide (H2S) signaling in multiple myeloma (MM) patients and to identify its effect on the proliferation of U266 cells. Methods-Bone marrow samples of 19 MM patients and 23 healthy donors were collected. qRT-PCR was performed to measure the mRNA expression levels of H2S synthases, cystathionine ß synthase, and cystathionine γ lyase. ELISA assays quantified the amount of H2S produced by the two enzymes CBS and CSE. CCK-8 experiment was used to investigate the influence of the CBS inhibitor amino oxyacetic acid and the CSE inhibitor propargylglycine on the proliferation of U266 cells. Flow cytometry and western blotting were performed to determine the effects of AOAA, PAG, and NaHS on cell cycle distribution as well as Caspase-3 and Bcl-2 expression. Results-Patients with MM had higher level of CBS compared with healthy donors. AOAA significantly inhibited cell proliferation in both a time and concentration dependent characteristic, whereas PAG does not. After 24 hours of treatment, AOAA significantly elevated the G0/G1 phase proportion of cells, and reduced the cell distribution in both S and G2/M phases, while NaHS accelerated cell cycle progression by reducing the relative number of cells in G0/G1 phase and increasing the proportion of cells in the G2/M phase. Moreover, AOAA abolished the impact of NaHS on cell cycle progression of U266 cells. AOAA treatment also led to a significant decrease in Bcl-2 expression and dramatic increase in Caspase-3 expression, though NaHS reversed these effects. Conclusion-CBS/H2S system might have a certain effect on the proliferation and apoptosis of MM cells.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Proliferação de Células , Cistationina beta-Sintase/metabolismo , Sulfeto de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Mieloma Múltiplo/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Alquinos/farmacologia , Ácido Amino-Oxiacético/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Células da Medula Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Células da Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Cistationina beta-Sintase/antagonistas & inibidores , Cistationina gama-Liase/antagonistas & inibidores , Cistationina gama-Liase/metabolismo , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Feminino , Glicina/análogos & derivados , Glicina/farmacologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/patologia , Transdução de Sinais
3.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 40(8): 1134-1140, 2020 Aug 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32895184

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore whether thrombopoietin (TPO) can rescue megakaryopoiesis by protecting bone marrowderived endothelial progenitor cells (BM-EPCs) in patients receiving chemotherapy for hematological malignancies. METHODS: Bone marrow samples were collected from 23 patients with hematological malignancies 30 days after chemotherapy and from 10 healthy volunteers. BM-EPCs isolated from the samples were identified by staining for CD34, CD309 and CD133, and their proliferation in response to treatment with TPO was assessed using CCK8 assay. DiL-Ac-LDL uptake and FITC-UEA-I binding assay were performed to evaluate the amount of BM-EPCs from the subjects. Tube-formation and migration experiments were used for functional assessment of the BM-EPCs. The BM-EPCs with or without TPO treatment were co-cultured with human megakaryocytes, and the proliferation of the megakaryocytes was detected with flow cytometry. RESULTS: Flow cytometry indicated that the TPO-treated cells had high expressions of CD34, CD133, and CD309. CCK8 assay demonstrated that TPO treatment enhanced the proliferation of the BM-EPCs, and the optimal concentration of TPO was 100 µg/L. Double immunofluorescence assay indicated that the number of BM-EPC was significantly higher in TPO-treated group than in the control group. The TPO-treated BM-EPCs exhibited stronger tube-formation and migration abilities (P < 0.05) and more significantly enhanced the proliferation of co-cultured human megakaryocytes than the control cells (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: TPO can directly stimulate megakaryopoiesis and reduce hemorrhage via protecting the function of BM-EPCs in patients following chemotherapy for hematological malignancies.


Assuntos
Medula Óssea , Neoplasias Hematológicas , Células da Medula Óssea , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Megacariócitos , Trombopoetina
4.
Georgian Med News ; (304-305): 141-147, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32965265

RESUMO

Objective - to study the ability of N-oxide-2,6-dimethylpyridine to modify the cytogenetic effects in mouse bone marrow cells caused by an alkylating antitumor cytostatic cyclophosphamide.; The cytogenetic activity and mutagen-modifying effect of the plant growth regulator N-oxide-2,6-dimethylpyridine (Ivin) were studied by the method of accounting for chromosomal aberrations in the bone marrow cells of CD-1 mice (males) with a single joint exposure to cyclophosphamide. In the first variant of the research, Ivin was administered single orally in the form of an aqueous solution at doses of 710, 71, 7.1, 0.7, and 0.07 mg/kg bw, which corresponds to 1/2, 1/20, 1/200, 1/2000 and 1/20000 from LD50. In the second variant - Ivin was administered together with Cyclophosphamide (Ivin - in the same way as in the first research variant, cyclophosphamide was administered intraperitoneally at a dose of 40 mg/kg bw the same as the positive control group). Intact animals (negative control group) were orally administered purified, UV-sterilized, deionized water.; It was shown that with isolated administration of Ivin in the studied doses did not show mutagenic activity. When combined with Cyclophosphamide, Ivin at a dose of 710 mg/kg bw did not induce the frequency of metaphases with chromosome aberrations and at a dose of 71 mg/kg bw reduced the frequency of metaphases with chromosome aberrations by 1.8 times in comparison with the positive control. In both of these dose groups, Ivin reduced the number of chromatid-type aberrations and polyploid cells but increased the number of multi-aberrant cells. This is probably due to the additional chemical load and physicochemical state of the Ivin molecule. When combined with Cyclophosphamide, Ivin at low dose levels (7.1, 0.7 and 0.07 mg/kg bw) significantly reduced the frequency of metaphases with chromosome aberrations (by 55.7%, 62.9% и 72.9%, respectively), the amount of chromatid-type aberrations, polyploid, and multi-aberrant cells. This may be due to the gene protective effect of Ivin, because of the stabilization of membranes and its antioxidant effect.


Assuntos
Células da Medula Óssea , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Animais , Ciclofosfamida/toxicidade , Análise Citogenética , Masculino , Óxidos
5.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 34(9): 1170-1176, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32929912

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effects of three-dimensional (3D) printed Ti6Al4V-4Cu alloy on inflammation and osteogenic gene expression in mouse bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and mouse mononuclear macrophage line RAW264.7. Methods: Ti6Al4V and Ti6Al4V-4Cu alloys were prepared by selective laser melting, and the extracts of the two materials were prepared according to the biological evaluation standard of medical devices. The effects of two kinds of extracts on the proliferation of mouse BMSCs and mouse RAW264.7 cells were detected by cell counting kit 8 method. After co-cultured with mouse BMSCs for 3 days, the expression of osteogenesis- related genes [collagen type Ⅰ (Col-Ⅰ), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), Runx family transcription factor 2 (Runx-2), osteoprotegerin (OPG), and osteopontin (OPN)] were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR. After co-cultured with mouse RAW264.7 cells for 1 day, the expressions of inflammation-related genes [interleukin 4 (IL-4) and nitric oxide synthase 2 (iNOS)] were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR, and the supernatants of the two groups were collected to detect the secretion of vascular endothelial growth factor a (VEGF-a) and bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) by ELISA. The osteogenic conditioned medium were prepared with the supernatants of the two groups and co-cultured with BMSCs for 3 days. The expressions of osteogenesis-related genes (Col-Ⅰ, ALP, Runx-2, OPG, and OPN) were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR. Results: Compared with Ti6Al4V alloy extract, Ti6Al4V-4Cu alloy extract had no obvious effect on the proliferation of BMSCs and RAW264.7 cells, but it could promote the expression of OPG mRNA in BMSCs, reduce the expression of iNOS mRNA in RAW264.7 cells, and promote the expression of IL-4 mRNA. It could also promote the secretions of VEGF-a and BMP-2 in RAW264.7 cells. Ti6Al4V-4Cu osteogenic conditioned medium could promote the expressions of Col-Ⅰ, ALP, Runx-2, OPG, and OPN mRNAs in BMSCs. The differences were all significant ( P<0.05). Conclusion: 3D printed Ti6Al4V-4Cu alloy can promote RAW264.7 cells to secret VEGF-a and BMP-2 by releasing copper ions, thus promoting osteogenesis through bone immune regulation, which lays a theoretical foundation for the application of metal prosthesis.


Assuntos
Ligas , Osteogênese , Animais , Células da Medula Óssea , Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 2/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular , Células Cultivadas , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Camundongos , Titânio , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
6.
Ann Hematol ; 99(11): 2599-2609, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32935190

RESUMO

Methods to estimate bone marrow plasma cells (BMPC) basically include histopathology, cytomorphology, and flow cytometry. The present study compares the outcomes of these methods with special focus on the impact of BMPC-specific characteristics on their recovery by either method. Laboratory reports of diagnostic samples from 238 consecutive patients with suspected or known plasma cell disease were retrospectively analyzed. The median (IQR) proportion of BMPC was 30.0% (15.0-70.0%) by histological review (hBMPC), 7.0% (2.0-16.0%) by smear review (sBMPC), and 3.0% (0.8-10.0%) by flow cytometry (fBMPC). The disparity of results between core biopsy and aspirate smear was enhanced in case of poor quality of the smear, increased BM fiber content, higher grade cell atypia, expression of CD56 (all P < 0.0001), the number of cytogenetic aberrations (P = 0.0002), and abnormalities of the MYC gene (P = 0.0002). Conversely, expression of CD19 and a non-clonal plasma cell phenotype were associated with a lower difference between hBMPC and sBMPC (both P < 0.0001). The disparity between the percentages of sBMPC and fBMPC was associated with the quality of the smear (P = 0.0007) and expression of CD56 (P < 0.0001). Our results suggest that the recovery of BMPC in aspirate specimens not only is a matter of sampling quality but also depends on biological cell properties. Aspiration failure due to malignant type features of BMPC may lead to misclassification of plasma cell disorders and represent a bias for the detection of minimal residual disease after therapy.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD19/biossíntese , Células da Medula Óssea , Antígeno CD56/biossíntese , Mieloma Múltiplo , Proteínas de Neoplasias/biossíntese , Plasmócitos , Adulto , Células da Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Células da Medula Óssea/patologia , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/classificação , Mieloma Múltiplo/metabolismo , Mieloma Múltiplo/patologia , Mieloma Múltiplo/terapia , Neoplasia Residual , Plasmócitos/metabolismo , Plasmócitos/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Clin Dermatol ; 38(4): 494-496, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32972609

RESUMO

Stem cells have recently garnered increased attention, especially pertaining to their use in cutaneous rejuvenation. Their popularity has continued to grow with patients and consumers alike, which has followed the substantial marketing bolstering them. Although limited, studies have begun to demonstrate promise in the field of esthetics. We review the prominent studies in the literature to shed more light on the use of stem cells for cosmetic practitioners.


Assuntos
Técnicas Cosméticas , Dermatologia , Estética , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Rejuvenescimento/fisiologia , Envelhecimento da Pele , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Pele , Células-Tronco , Tecido Adiposo/citologia , Células da Medula Óssea , Diferenciação Celular , Autorrenovação Celular , Humanos , Pele , Células-Tronco/fisiologia
8.
Anim Sci J ; 91(1): e13439, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32779289

RESUMO

Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) is increasingly applied in functional food products and acts as a probiotic model in nutritious and clinical studies. Increasing evidences have revealed the immune modulation of LGG on macrophages. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of LGG on macrophage polarization of murine bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs). BMDMs were treated with 108 colony-forming units (CFU)/ml LGG for 1.5, 3, and 6 hr. Results showed that LGG obviously upregulated the mRNA expression of M1-associated cytokines (p < .05), including interleukin-1 beta (IL-1ß), IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), whereas had no effect on the expression of M2-associated markers (p > .05), including arginase 1 (Arg1), mannose receptor, and chitinase-like protein 3 (YM1). Furthermore, LGG markedly increased the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-12p40, cyclooxygenase-2 [COX-2], and interferon-γ [IFN-γ]) (p < .05) and anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL-10, IL-4, and transforming growth factor-ß [TGF-ß]) (p < .05). In addition, we also found that TLR2/MyD88/MAPK signaling pathway was required for LGG-induced M1 macrophage polarization and M1-related cytokines expression. Together, these findings demonstrate that probiotic LGG facilitates M1 polarization of BMDMs, suggesting that LGG may have an immunotherapeutic potential in regulating the host defense against pathogen invasion.


Assuntos
Células da Medula Óssea , Lactobacillus rhamnosus/química , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/imunologia , Macrófagos/imunologia , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/imunologia , Receptor 2 Toll-Like/imunologia , Animais , Camundongos
9.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 34(8): 1052-1058, 2020 Aug 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32794678

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of small interfering RNA (siRNA) lentivirus-mediated silencing of P75 neurotrophin receptor (P75NTR) gene on osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) in rats. Methods: Three lentivirus-mediated P75NTR gene siRNA sequences (P75NTR-siRNA-1, 2, 3) and negative control (NC)-siRNA were designed and transfected into the 3rd generation Sprague Dawley (SD) rat BMSCs. The cells morphological changes were observed under an inverted microscope, and the expressions of P75NTR gene and protein in cells were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR and Western blot. Then the best silencing P75NTR-siRNA for subsequent osteogenic differentiation experiments was screened out. The 3rd generation SD rat BMSCs were randomly divided into experimental group, negative control group, and blank control group (normal BMSCs). The BMSCs of negative control group and experimental group were transfected with NC-siRNA and the selected P75NTR-siRNA lentiviral vector, respectively. The cells of each group were cultured by osteogenic induction. The expressions of osteogenic related proteins [osteocalcin (OCN) and Runx related transcription factor 2 (Runx2)] were detected by Western blot; the collagen type Ⅰ expression was observed by immunohistochemical staining; the osteogenesis of BMSCs was observed by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) detection and alizarin red staining. Results: After lentivirus-mediated P75NTR transfected into BMSCs, the expressions of P75NTR mRNA and protein significantly reduced ( P<0.05), and the best silencing P75NTR-siRNA was P75NTR-siRNA-3. After P75NTR gene was silenced, MTT test showed that the cell proliferation in the experimental group was significantly faster than those in the two control groups ( P<0.05). After osteogenic induction, the relative expressions of OCN and Runx2 proteins, collagen type Ⅰ expression, and ALP activity were significantly higher in the experimental group than in the two control groups, the differences were significant ( P<0.05). With the prolongation of osteogenic induction, the mineralized nodules in the experimental group gradually increased. Conclusion: Silencing the P75NTR gene with siRNA lentivirus can promote the osteogenic differentiation of rat BMSCs and provide a new idea for the treatment of bone defects.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Osteogênese , Animais , Células da Medula Óssea , Diferenciação Celular , Células Cultivadas , Lentivirus , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptor de Fator de Crescimento Neural
10.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(4): 1349-1356, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32798425

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of PDGFRα+ stromal cells derived SCF on hematopoiesis of adult mice. METHODS: Pdgfrα-CreER; R26-tdTomato mice model was constructed, and the proportion and distribution of PDGFRα+ cells in the liver, spleen, lung, kidney and bone marrow were analyzed by flow cytometry and confocal microscopy. Then the Pdgfrα-CreER; Scf flox/flox mice model was further constructed, the Scf in PDGFRα+ was knocked out specifically, the effect of Scf-knocked out in PDGFRα+ stromal cells in the propitiation of HSPCs in the bone marrow was analyzed by flow cytometry. The effect of SCF on the proportion on number of peripheral blood cells in mice was analyzed by whole blood analyzer. RESULTS: After Scf was knocked out in PDGFRα+ stromal cells, the propitiation and number of LKS- cell, LKS+ cell, HSC, MPP1, MKP, PreGM, PreMegE, and CFU-E in the bone marrow of mice was decreased, as well as in the number of red blood cells and hemoglobin concentration of peripheral blood. However, Scf knocked out from PDGFRα+ cells showed no effect on the hematopoiesis in spleen. CONCLUSION: specific knocked out of Scf in PDGFRα+ stromal cells in adult mice can decrease the proportion of HSPCs in the bone marrow and the number of red blood cells in peripheral blood, and finally lead to anemia in mice.


Assuntos
Receptor alfa de Fator de Crescimento Derivado de Plaquetas , Fator de Células-Tronco , Animais , Medula Óssea , Células da Medula Óssea , Hematopoese , Camundongos
11.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(4): 1357-1362, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32798426

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the method for inducing the differentiation of bone marrow cells into megakaryocytes in vitro so as to use for evaluating the activity of traditional Chinese medicines. METHODS: The bone marrow cells were separated from femurs and tibias of mice. The experiments were divided into 4 groups: control (no adding cytokines), TPO (adding 50 ng/ml TPO), TPO+SCF (50 ng/ml+50 ng/ml) and TPO+SCF+IL-6+IL-9 (50 ng/ml+50 ng/ml+20 ng/ml+20 ng/ml). The bone marrow cells in 4 groups were cultured in vitro for 6 d. Then the cell growth status was observed by the inverted microscopy, and the cell count was detected by using the automatic cell counter. The ratio and absolute count of megakaryocytes were detected by flow cytometry. RESULTS: Compared with control, three induction methods could stimulate the differentiation of bone marrow cells into megakaryocytes in vitro. TPO could slightly enhance the differentiation of bone marrow cells into megakaryocytes. Both the combination of TPO and SCF, and the combination of TPO, SCF, IL-6 and IL-9 could intensively stimulate proliferation of bone morrow cells and promote the differentiation of bone marrow cells into megakaryocytes. The addition of IL-6 and IL-9 could decrease the proliferation of non-megakaryocytes, but promote the differentiation of bone marrow cells into megakaryocytes. CONCLUSION: The optimized differentiation of bone marrow cells into megakaryocytes has been completed by co-induction regimen of TPO, SCF, IL-6 and IL-9, which can be used to screen and evaluate traditional Chinese medicines promoting formation of platelets.


Assuntos
Interleucina-3 , Megacariócitos , Animais , Células da Medula Óssea , Contagem de Células , Diferenciação Celular , Divisão Celular , Células Cultivadas , Camundongos , Fator de Células-Tronco , Trombopoetina
12.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 36(7): 1431-1439, 2020 Jul 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32748601

RESUMO

The purpose of this study is to provide a culture for mouse bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDM) and peritoneal macrophages (PM) and to characterize their molecular and cellular biology. The cell number and purity from the primary culture were assessed by cell counter and flow cytometry, respectively. Morphological features were evaluated by inverted microscope. Phagocytosis by macrophages was detected by the neutral red dye uptake assay. Phenotypic markers were analyzed by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR. Our results show that the cell number was much higher from culture of BMDM than PM, while there was no significant difference regarding the percentage of F4/80+CD11b+ cells (98.30%±0.53% vs. 94.83%±1.42%; P>0.05). The proliferation rate of BMDM was significantly higher than PM in the presence of L929 cell conditioned medium, by using CCK-8 assay. However, PM appeared to adhere to the flask wall and extend earlier than BMDM. The phagocytosis capability of un-stimulated BMDM was significantly higher than PM, as well as lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated BMDM, except the BMDM stimulated by low dose LPS (0.1 µg/mL). Furthermore, Tnfα expression was significantly higher in un-stimulated BMDM than PM, while Arg1 and Ym1 mRNA expression were significantly lower than PM. The expression difference was persistent if stimulated by LPS+IFN-γ or IL-4. Our data indicate that bone marrow can get larger amounts of macrophages than peritoneal cavity. However, it should be aware that the molecular and cellular characteristics were different between these two culture systems.


Assuntos
Células da Medula Óssea , Macrófagos , Fagocitose , Animais , Células da Medula Óssea/fisiologia , Células Cultivadas , Meios de Cultivo Condicionados , Lipopolissacarídeos/metabolismo , Macrófagos/classificação , Macrófagos/fisiologia , Camundongos
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(34): e21876, 2020 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32846844

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cancer continues to be a severe global health problem and the leading cause of death worldwide. Chemotherapy as the main treatment has various side effects, of which marrow suppression is the most common one. Acupuncture had shown clinical effects for marrow suppression after chemotherapy in many studies. However, the efficacy and safety of acupuncture therapy for marrow suppression after chemotherapy remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: This protocol aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of acupuncture for marrow suppression after chemotherapy according to the existing randomized controlled trials. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The randomized controlled trials on acupuncture therapy for marrow suppression after chemotherapy will be searched in the database of Embase, PubMed and Cochrane Library, Allied and Complementary Medicine Database (AMED), Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM), China Science and Technology Journal Database (VIP), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), WanFang Database (WF), and related registration platforms (WHO ICTRP, Clinical Trials, and Chinese Clinical Trial Register [ChiCTR]), Grey Literature Database from inception to 1 August 2020. The primary outcomes will be assessed using white blood cell (WBC) count, platelet count, hemoglobin count and the number of neutrophils (N). Review Manager V.5.3 software will be applied for statistical analyses. We will measure the risk of bias of the included studies with Cochrane Collaboration Risk of Bias Tool. Finally, Grades of Recommendation, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) will be used to grade the overall quality of evidence. And we will use the intra-group correlation coefficient to assess the consistency of reviewers. RESULT: This systematic review and meta-analysis will put a high-quality synthesis of the efficacy and safety of acupuncture treatment in marrow suppression after chemotherapy. CONCLUSION: The conclusion of this systematic review will provide evidence to assess acupuncture therapy is an efficacy and safe intervention to treat and control marrow suppression after chemotherapy. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: PROSPERO CRD42020163336.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Células da Medula Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Medula Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Medula Óssea/patologia , Tratamento Farmacológico/métodos , Feminino , Hemoglobinas/análise , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos/métodos , Masculino , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neutrófilos/citologia , Contagem de Plaquetas/métodos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Segurança , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(4): 1157-1161, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32798391

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the expression of Peroxiredoxin-6 (Prdx6) gene in elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and its clinical significance. METHODS: The expression level of Prdx6 in bone marrow cells of 33 cases of AML, 8 cases of CML and 11 cases of other blood diseases was detected by PCR. The correlation of the abnormal expression of Prdx6 with patient age and blood routine parameters was further analyzed. RESULTS: the expression level of Prdx6 in elderly patients with AML (≥60 years) was significantly lower than that in younger patients (<60 years) (P<0.05); the expression level of Prdx6 in low WBC (≤1×109/L) group was lower than that in medium WBC (1-10×109/L) group or high WBC (>10×109/L) group (P<0.05); the proportion of WBC count (≤1×109/L) in elderly patients with AML reached 38.5%, which was significantly higher than that in younger patients (5%) (P<0.05); the overall survival (OS) rate of elderly patients was lower than that of younger patients (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The expression of Prdx6 in elderly patients with AML is low, moreover, it relates with low value of WBC in peripheral blood, suggesting that it may be one of poor prognostic factors for the elderly patients with AML.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Peroxirredoxina VI , Idoso , Células da Medula Óssea , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Peroxirredoxina VI/genética , Peroxirredoxina VI/metabolismo , Prognóstico
15.
PLoS Biol ; 18(8): e3000807, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32760056

RESUMO

Radiotherapy is a commonly used conditioning regimen for bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Cytotoxicity limits the use of this life-saving therapy, but the underlying mechanisms remain poorly defined. Here, we use the syngeneic mouse BMT model to test the hypothesis that lethal radiation damages tissues, thereby unleashing signals that indiscriminately activate the inflammasome pathways in host and transplanted cells. We find that a clinically relevant high dose of radiation causes severe damage to bones and the spleen through mechanisms involving the NLRP3 and AIM2 inflammasomes but not the NLRC4 inflammasome. Downstream, we demonstrate that gasdermin D (GSDMD), the common effector of the inflammasomes, is also activated by radiation. Remarkably, protection against the injury induced by deadly ionizing radiation occurs only when NLRP3, AIM2, or GSDMD is lost simultaneously in both the donor and host cell compartments. Thus, this study reveals a continuum of the actions of lethal radiation relayed by the inflammasome-GSDMD axis, initially affecting recipient cells and ultimately harming transplanted cells as they grow in the severely injured and toxic environment. This study also suggests that therapeutic targeting of inflammasome-GSDMD signaling has the potential to prevent the collateral effects of intense radiation regimens.


Assuntos
Células da Medula Óssea/efeitos da radiação , Transplante de Medula Óssea , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Inflamassomos/efeitos da radiação , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/genética , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a Fosfato/genética , Animais , Células da Medula Óssea/citologia , Células da Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/deficiência , Feminino , Fêmur/citologia , Fêmur/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/deficiência , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/deficiência , Proteínas de Ligação a Fosfato/deficiência , Piroptose/genética , Piroptose/efeitos da radiação , Transdução de Sinais , Baço/metabolismo , Baço/patologia , Baço/efeitos da radiação , Transplante Isogênico , Irradiação Corporal Total , Raios X
16.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 14(7): e0008470, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32644998

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sm16, also known as SPO-1 and SmSLP, is a low molecular weight protein (~16kDa) secreted by the digenean trematode parasite Schistosoma mansoni, one of the main causative agents of human schistosomiasis. The molecule is secreted from the acetabular gland of the cercariae during skin invasion and is believed to perform an immune-suppressive function to protect the invading parasite from innate immune cell attack. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We show that Sm16 homologues of the Schistosomatoidea family are phylogenetically related to the helminth defence molecule (HDM) family of immunomodulatory peptides first described in Fasciola hepatica. Interrogation of 69 helminths genomes demonstrates that HDMs are exclusive to trematode species. Structural analyses of Sm16 shows that it consists predominantly of an amphipathic alpha-helix, much like other HDMs. In S. mansoni, Sm16 is highly expressed in the cercariae and eggs but not in adult worms, suggesting that the molecule is of importance not only during skin invasion but also in the pro-inflammatory response to eggs in the liver tissues. Recombinant Sm16 and a synthetic form, Sm16 (34-117), bind to macrophages and are internalised into the endosomal/lysosomal system. Sm16 (34-117) elicited a weak pro-inflammatory response in macrophages in vitro but also suppressed the production of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory cytokines. Evaluation of the transcriptome of human macrophages treated with a synthetic Sm16 (34-117) demonstrates that the peptide exerts significant immunomodulatory effects alone, as well as in the presence of LPS. Pathways most significantly influenced by Sm16 (34-117) were those involving transcription factors peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) and liver X receptors/retinoid X receptor (LXR/RXR) which are intricately involved in regulating the cellular metabolism of macrophages (fatty acid, cholesterol and glucose homeostasis) and are central to inflammatory responses. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: These results offer new insights into the structure and function of a well-known immunomodulatory molecule, Sm16, and places it within a wider family of trematode-specific small molecule HDM immune-modulators with immuno-biotherapeutic possibilities.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Helmintos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Helminto/metabolismo , Schistosoma mansoni/metabolismo , Animais , Anticorpos Anti-Helmínticos , Antígenos de Helmintos/genética , Antígenos de Helmintos/imunologia , Células da Medula Óssea , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas de Helminto/genética , Humanos , Macrófagos/parasitologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Óvulo , Filogenia , Transporte Proteico
17.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 29(2): 155-161, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32626878

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBM-MSCs) on invasion of tongue squamous cell carcinoma cell line Cal-27 and its mechanism. METHODS: hBM-MSCs and Cal-27 were cultured respectively, and the morphology of the cells was observed under an inverted microscope. The co-cultured Cal-27 cells were obtained by co-culture of hBM-MSCs and Cal-27. The migration area of Cal-27 was observed by scratch test;transwell migration and invasion experiments were performed to observe migration and invasion of Cal-27, and a bar graph was then drawn. Fluorescence quantitative PCR was used to observe the effect of hBM-MSCs on gene expression of the tumor markers E-cadherin, twist, slug, snail, MMP-2 and MMP-9. Western blot was used to observe the effect of hBM-MSCs on protein expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9, related to the invasion of Cal-27. SPSS 19.0 software package was used for statistical analysis of the data. RESULTS: Under the influence of hBM-MSCs, the invasion of Cal-27 was promoted, accompanied by down-regulation of E-cadherin, up-regulation of twist, slug, snail, MMP-2, MMP-9 and up-regulation of MMP-2 and MMP-9 expression. CONCLUSIONS: hBM-MSCs can promote invasion of Cal-27 cells, which may be related to up-regulation of the expression of tumor markers related to invasion of Cal-27 cells.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Neoplasias da Língua , Células da Medula Óssea , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz
18.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3547, 2020 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32669546

RESUMO

Neutrophils provide first line of host defense against bacterial infections utilizing glycolysis for their effector functions. How glycolysis and its major byproduct lactate are triggered in bone marrow (BM) neutrophils and their contribution to neutrophil mobilization in acute inflammation is not clear. Here we report that bacterial lipopolysaccharides (LPS) or Salmonella Typhimurium triggers lactate release by increasing glycolysis, NADPH-oxidase-mediated reactive oxygen species and HIF-1α levels in BM neutrophils. Increased release of BM lactate preferentially promotes neutrophil mobilization by reducing endothelial VE-Cadherin expression, increasing BM vascular permeability via endothelial lactate-receptor GPR81 signaling. GPR81-/- mice mobilize reduced levels of neutrophils in response to LPS, unless rescued by VE-Cadherin disrupting antibodies. Lactate administration also induces release of the BM neutrophil mobilizers G-CSF, CXCL1 and CXCL2, indicating that this metabolite drives neutrophil mobilization via multiple pathways. Our study reveals a metabolic crosstalk between lactate-producing neutrophils and BM endothelium, which controls neutrophil mobilization under bacterial infection.


Assuntos
Células da Medula Óssea/imunologia , Ácido Láctico/metabolismo , Neutrófilos/imunologia , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/metabolismo , Infecções por Salmonella/imunologia , Animais , Medula Óssea/irrigação sanguínea , Células da Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Lipopolissacarídeos/imunologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/genética , Infecções por Salmonella/microbiologia , Salmonella typhimurium/imunologia , Transdução de Sinais/imunologia
19.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 3903-3920, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32606657

RESUMO

Background: Researchers are trying to study the mechanism of neural stem cells (NSCs) differentiation to oligodendrocyte-like cells (OLCs) as well as to enhance the selective differentiation of NSCs to oligodendrocytes. However, the limitation in nerve tissue accessibility to isolate the NSCs as well as their differentiation toward oligodendrocytes is still challenging. Purpose: In the present study, a hybrid polycaprolactone (PCL)-gelatin nanofiber scaffold mimicking the native extracellular matrix and axon morphology to direct the differentiation of bone marrow-derived NSCs to OLCs was introduced. Materials and Methods: In order to achieve a sustained release of T3, this factor was encapsulated within chitosan nanoparticles and chitosan-loaded T3 was incorporated within PCL nanofibers. Polyaniline graphene (PAG) nanocomposite was incorporated within gelatin nanofibers to endow the scaffold with conductive properties, which resemble the conductive behavior of axons. Biodegradation, water contact angle measurements, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observations as well as conductivity tests were used to evaluate the properties of the prepared scaffold. The concentration of PAG and T3-loaded chitosan NPs in nanofibers were optimized by examining the proliferation of cultured bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) on the scaffolds. The differentiation of BMSCs-derived NSCs cultured on the fabricated scaffolds into OLCs was analyzed by evaluating the expression of oligodendrocyte markers using immunofluorescence (ICC), RT-PCR and flowcytometric assays. Results: Incorporating 2% PAG proved to have superior cell support and proliferation while guaranteeing electrical conductivity of 10.8 × 10-5 S/cm. Moreover, the scaffold containing 2% of T3-loaded chitosan NPs was considered to be the most biocompatible samples. Result of ICC, RT-PCR and flow cytometry showed high expression of O4, Olig2, platelet-derived growth factor receptor-alpha (PDGFR-α), O1, myelin/oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) and myelin basic protein (MBP) high expressed but low expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). Conclusion: Considering surface topography, biocompatibility, electrical conductivity and gene expression, the hybrid PCL/gelatin scaffold with the controlled release of T3 may be considered as a promising candidate to be used as an in vitro model to study patient-derived oligodendrocytes by isolating patient's BMSCs in pathological conditions such as diseases or injuries. Moreover, the resulted oligodendrocytes can be used as a desirable source for transplanting in patients.


Assuntos
Materiais Biomiméticos/farmacologia , Células da Medula Óssea/citologia , Diferenciação Celular , Nanofibras/química , Células-Tronco Neurais/citologia , Oligodendroglia/citologia , Tecidos Suporte/química , Compostos de Anilina/química , Animais , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Forma Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Condutividade Elétrica , Gelatina/química , Grafite/química , Humanos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Nanofibras/ultraestrutura , Células-Tronco Neurais/metabolismo , Oligodendroglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Poliésteres/química , Ratos , Suínos , Tri-Iodotironina/farmacologia
20.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3702, 2020 07 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32710081

RESUMO

Spinal cord injury (SCI) causes immune dysfunction, increasing the risk of infectious morbidity and mortality. Since bone marrow hematopoiesis is essential for proper immune function, we hypothesize that SCI disrupts bone marrow hematopoiesis. Indeed, SCI causes excessive proliferation of bone marrow hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPC), but these cells cannot leave the bone marrow, even after challenging the host with a potent inflammatory stimulus. Sequestration of HSPCs in bone marrow after SCI is linked to aberrant chemotactic signaling that can be reversed by post-injury injections of Plerixafor (AMD3100), a small molecule inhibitor of CXCR4. Even though Plerixafor liberates HSPCs and mature immune cells from bone marrow, competitive repopulation assays show that the intrinsic long-term functional capacity of HSPCs is still impaired in SCI mice. Together, our data suggest that SCI causes an acquired bone marrow failure syndrome that may contribute to chronic immune dysfunction.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Insuficiência da Medula Óssea/etiologia , Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/complicações , Animais , Medula Óssea/patologia , Células da Medula Óssea , Transtornos da Insuficiência da Medula Óssea/patologia , Proliferação de Células , Quimiocina CXCL12 , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Hematopoese , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/metabolismo , Compostos Heterocíclicos/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Endogâmicos NOD , Camundongos Transgênicos , Receptores CXCR4/antagonistas & inibidores , Transdução de Sinais , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/imunologia
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