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1.
Biol Res ; 52(1): 54, 2019 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31581950

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: IcarisideII (ICAII) could promote the differentiation of adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ADSCs) to Schwann cells (SCs), leading to improvement of erectile function (EF) and providing a realistic therapeutic option for the treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED). However, the underlying molecular mechanisms of ADSCs and ICAII in this process remain largely unclear. METHODS: ADSCs were treated with different concentrations of ICAII. Cell proliferation was determined by MTT assay. qRT-PCR and western blot were performed to detect expressions of SCs markers, signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT3), and microRNA-let-7i (let-7i). Luciferase reporter assay was conducted to verify the regulatory relationship between let-7i and STAT3. The detection of intracavernosal pressure (ICP) and the ratio of ICP/mean arterial pressure (MAP) were used to evaluate the EF in bilateral cavernous nerve injury (BCNI) rat models. RESULTS: ICAII promoted cell proliferation of ADSCs in a dose-dependent manner. The mRNA and protein levels of SCs markers were increased by ICAII treatment in a dose-dependent manner in ADSCs. Moreover, let-7i was significantly decreased in ICAII-treated ADSCs and upregulation of let-7i attenuated ICAII-induced promotion of SCs markers. In addition, STAT3 was a direct target of let-7i and upregulated in ICAII-treated ADSCs. Interestingly, overexpression of STAT3 abated the let-7i-mediated inhibition effect on differentiation of ADSCs to SCs and rescued the ICAII-mediated promotion effect on it. Besides, combination treatment of ADSCs and ICAII preserved the EF of BCNI rat models, which was undermined by let-7i overexpression. CONCLUSION: ICAII was effective for preserving EF by promoting the differentiation of ADSCs to SCs via modulating let-7i/STAT3 pathway.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/citologia , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Disfunção Erétil/tratamento farmacológico , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células de Schwann/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Western Blotting , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transfecção
2.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 7475-7488, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31571859

RESUMO

Background: Wear particle-induced inflammatory osteolysis and the consequent aseptic loosening constitute the leading reasons for prosthesis failure and revision surgery. Several studies have demonstrated that the macrophage polarization state and immune response play critical roles in periprosthetic osteolysis and tissue repair, but the immunomodulatory role of lithium chloride (LiCl), which has a protective effect on wear particle-induced osteolysis by suppressing osteoclasts and attenuating inflammatory responses, has never been investigated. Methods: In this work, the immunomodulatory capability of LiCl on titanium (Ti) nanoparticle-stimulated transformation of macrophage phenotypes and the subsequent effect on osteogenic differentiation were investigated. We first speculated that LiCl attenuated Ti nanoparticle-stimulated inflammation responses by driving macrophage polarization and generating an immune micro-environment to improve osteogenesis. Furthermore, a metal nanoparticle-stimulated murine air pouch inflammatory model was applied to confirm this protective effect in vivo. Results: The results revealed that metal nanoparticles significantly activate M1 phenotype (proinflammatory macrophage) expression and increase proinflammatory cytokines secretions in vitro and in vivo, whereas LiCl drives macrophages to the M2 phenotype (anti-inflammatory macrophage) and increases the release of anti-inflammatory and bone-related cytokines. This improved the osteogenic differentiation capability of rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (rBMSCs). In addition, we also provided evidence that LiCl inhibits the phosphorylation of the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathways in wear particle-treated macrophages. Conclusion: LiCl has the immunomodulatory effects to alleviate Ti nanoparticle-mediated inflammatory reactions and enhance the osteogenic differentiation of rBMSCs by driving macrophage polarization. Thus, LiCl may be an effective therapeutic alternative for preventing and treating wear debris-induced inflammatory osteolysis.


Assuntos
Fatores Imunológicos/farmacologia , Inflamação/patologia , Cloreto de Lítio/farmacologia , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Titânio/farmacologia , Animais , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Polaridade Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Forma Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Meios de Cultivo Condicionados/farmacologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/patologia , Masculino , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Células RAW 264.7 , Ratos
3.
Life Sci ; 234: 116743, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31408660

RESUMO

AIMS: The present study aimed to investigate the mechanism of bone repair mediated by recombination BMP-2 (rhBMP-2)/recombination CXC chemokine ligand-13 (rhCXCL13)-loaded hollow hydroxyapatite (HA) microspheres/chitosan (CS) composite. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Firstly, the biological activity of rhBMP-2 and rhCXCL13 released from the complex was investigated. Secondly, the effect of rhBMP-2 sustained release solution on ALP activity and rhCXCL13 sustained release solution on cell migration of rat bone marrow mesenchyme stem cells was tested. Thirdly, osteoblasts differentiation test, X-ray scoring and three-point bending test were performed. Finally, the mRNAs expression of osteogenic marker genes and the protein expression of Runx2 was tested by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and western blotting (WB), respectively. KEY FINDINGS: RhBMP-2 could significantly promote the proliferation and differentiation, and RhCXCL13 could promote the migration of rat bone marrow MSCs. Detection of ALP activity and calcium salt deposition showed that rhBMP-2 and rhCXCL13 could significantly improve the biological activity and promote cell differentiation ability. X-ray scoring of radius and flexural strength test showed that rhBMP-2 and rhCXCL13 could promote bone healing and improve the bending resistance of bone tissue. The in vitro molecular experiments including RT-PCR and WB further demonstrated the roles of rhBMP-2 and rhCXCL13 in bone formation and bone repair. SIGNIFICANCE: Our results indicated that the hollow HA microspheres/CS composite could be effective as a delivery vehicle for rhBMP-2 and rhCXCL13 in bone regeneration and bone repair. In this process, rhBMP-2 may promote bone regeneration by regulating bone marrow MSCs cells recruited by rhCXCL13.


Assuntos
Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 2/administração & dosagem , Quimiocina CXCL13/administração & dosagem , Quitosana/análogos & derivados , Preparações de Ação Retardada/química , Durapatita/química , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Tecidos Suporte/química , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/administração & dosagem , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 2/farmacologia , Regeneração Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Quimiocina CXCL13/farmacologia , Humanos , Masculino , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteoblastos/citologia , Osteoblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Coelhos , Ratos , Proteínas Recombinantes/administração & dosagem , Proteínas Recombinantes/farmacologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/farmacologia
4.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 5355-5368, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31409992

RESUMO

Aim: Nanoparticles (NPs) have been receiving potential interests in protein delivery and cell therapy. As a matter of fact, NPs may be used as great candidates in promoting cell therapy by catalase (CAT) delivery into high oxidative stress tissues. However, for using NPs like SiO2 as carriers, the interaction of NPs with proteins and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) should be explored in advance. Methods: In the present study, the interaction of SiO2 NPs with CAT and human MSCs (hMSCs) was explored by various spectroscopic methods (fluorescence, circular dichroism (CD), UV-visible), molecular docking and dynamics studies, and cellular (MTT, cellular morphology, cellular uptake, lactate dehydrogenase, ROS, caspase-3, flow cytometry) assays. Results: Fluorescence study displayed that both dynamic and static quenching mechanisms and hydrophobic interactions are involved in the spontaneous interaction of SiO2 NPs with CAT. CD spectra indicated that native structure of CAT remains stable after interaction with SiO2 NPs. UV-visible study also revealed that the kinetic parameters of CAT such as Km, Vmax, Kcat, and enzyme efficiency were not changed after the addition of SiO2 NPs. Molecular docking and dynamics studies showed that Si and SiO2 clusters interact with hydrophobic residues of CAT and SiO2 cluster causes minor changes in the CAT structure at a total simulation time of 200 ps. Cellular assays depicted that SiO2 NPs induce significant cell mortality, change in cellular morphology, cellular internalization, ROS elevation, and apoptosis in hMSCs at higher concentration than 100 µg/mL (170 µM). Conclusion: The current results suggest that low concentrations of SiO2 NPs induce no substantial change or mortality against CAT and hMSCs, and potentially useful carriers in CAT delivery to hMSC.


Assuntos
Fenômenos Biofísicos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Modelos Teóricos , Nanopartículas/química , Dióxido de Silício/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Catalase/metabolismo , Forma Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Dicroísmo Circular , Endocitose/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Cinética , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Termodinâmica
5.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 5697-5711, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31413570

RESUMO

Purpose: Calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) ions have been used as promising bioactive ions in the surface chemistry modification of titanium (Ti) bone implants to increase bone regeneration capacity. However, it is not clear which (Ca or Mg) plays the more important role in the early osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) when applied to the surface of commercially available microstructured Ti implants. This study investigated the relative effect of these two ions on the early osteogenic functionality of primary mouse bone marrow MSCs in order to obtain insights into the surface design of Ti implants with enhanced early osteogenic capacity. Methods and results: Wet chemical treatment was performed to modify a microrough Ti implant surface using Ca or Mg ions. Both the Ca and Mg-incorporated surfaces accelerated early cellular events and the subsequent osteogenic differentiation of MSCs compared with an unmodified microrough Ti surface. Surface Mg modification exhibited a more potent osteoblast differentiation-promoting effect than the Ca modification. Surface Mg incorporation markedly inhibited the phosphorylation of ß-catenin. Conclusion: These results indicate that alteration of the surface chemistry of microstructured Ti implants by wet chemical treatment with Mg ions exerts a more effect on promoting the early osteogenic differentiation of MSCs than Ca ions by enhancing early cellular functions, including focal adhesion development and stabilization of intracellular ß-catenin.


Assuntos
Cálcio/farmacologia , Magnésio/farmacologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Próteses e Implantes , Titânio/farmacologia , Animais , Cátions Bivalentes/farmacologia , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Forma Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Adesões Focais/efeitos dos fármacos , Íons , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/ultraestrutura , Camundongos , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Propriedades de Superfície , Água/química , Difração de Raios X , beta Catenina/metabolismo
6.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 6151-6163, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31447557

RESUMO

Background: Precise control and induction of the differentiation of stem cells to osteoblasts by artificial biomaterials are a promising strategy for rapid bone regeneration and reconstruction. Purpose: In this study, gold nanoparticles (AuNPs)-loaded hydroxyapatite (HA-Au) nanocomposites were designed to guide the osteogenic differentiation of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) through the synergistic effects of both AuNPs and HA. Materials and methods: The HA-Au nanoparticles were synthesized and characterized by several analytical techniques. Cell viability and proliferation of hMSCs were characterized by CCK-8 test. Cellular uptake of nanoparticles was observed by transmission electron microscope. For the evaluation of osteogenic differentiation, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and staining, Alizarin red staining, and a quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis were performed. In order to examine specific signaling pathways, RT-PCR and Western blotting assay were performed. Results: The results confirmed the successful synthesis of HA-Au nanocomposites. The HA-Au nanoparticles showed good cytocompatibility and internalized into hMSCs at the studied concentrations. The increased level of ALP production, deposition of calcium mineralization, as well as the expression of typical osteogenic genes, indicated the enhancement of osteogenic differentiation of hMSCs. Moreover, the incorporation of Au could activate the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway, which seemed to be the molecular mechanism underlying the osteoinductive capability of HA-Au nanoparticles. Conclusion: The HA-Au nanoparticles exerted a synergistic effect on accelerating osteogenic differentiation of hMSCs, suggesting they may be potential candidates for bone repair and regeneration.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Durapatita/farmacologia , Ouro/química , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Osteogênese , Via de Sinalização Wnt/efeitos dos fármacos , Fosfatase Alcalina/metabolismo , Cálcio/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/enzimologia , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Osteoblastos/citologia , Osteoblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteogênese/genética
7.
Cell Biochem Funct ; 37(7): 504-515, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31368195

RESUMO

The treatment of neural deficiency after cerebral infarction is challenging, with limited therapeutic options. The transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to the ischemic penumbra is a potential therapeutic approach. In the present study, a cerebral infarction model was generated by performing middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in SD rats. The expression of CXCR4 increased, and the number of MSCs migrating to the peri-infarct area was higher in rats transplanted with preconditioned MSCs than in rats transplanted with untreated MSCs. The rate of apoptosis, as evaluated by TUNEL staining and immunoblotting assays, was reduced in rats receiving preconditioned MSCs. A significant amelioration of neural regeneration and improved neurological function were observed in rats injected with preconditioned MSCs compared with those injected with untreated MSCs. However, the application of an siRNA targeting CXCL12 significantly inhibited the protective role of preconditioned MSCs against apoptosis and promoted the migration of MSCs to the ischemic area, leading to impaired neuronal regeneration and limited recovery of neuronal function. Hypoxic preconditioning of MSCs prior to transplantation suppressed apoptosis and increased their migration abilities, leading to the promotion of neuronal regeneration and improvement in neural function after transplantation. This preconditioning strategy may be considered as a potential approach for the modification of MSCs prior to cell transplantation therapy in patients with cerebral infarction. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY: We found that hypoxic preconditioning of MSCs improved their ability to promote neuronal regeneration and the recovery of neuronal function. Moreover, we showed that CXCR4 inhibited apoptosis, improved cell homing, and promoted neuronal differentiation, without influencing angiogenesis. Our study provides a relatively safe preconditioning method for potential use for cell transplantation therapy in ischemic cerebral infarction. The results presented here will facilitate the development of novel strategies and techniques to improve the tolerance and migration ability of transplanted cells for the treatment of cerebral infarction sequelae.


Assuntos
Infarto Cerebral/metabolismo , Quimiocina CXCL12/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Hipóxia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Receptores CXCR4/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular , Infarto Cerebral/terapia , Quimiocina CXCL12/antagonistas & inibidores , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Neurônios , RNA Interferente Pequeno/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptores CXCR4/antagonistas & inibidores , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
8.
Eur J Pharm Biopharm ; 144: 50-56, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31419585

RESUMO

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are small lipid-enclosed particles that can carry various types of cargo, including proteins, nucleic acids and metabolites. They are known to be released by all cell types and can be taken up by other cells, leading to the transfer of the cargo they carry. As such, they represent an important type of intercellular signalling and a natural mechanism for transferring macromolecules between cells. This ability to transfer cargo could be harnessed to deliver therapeutic molecules. Indeed, a growing body of work has described the attempt by the field to utilise EVs to deliver a range of therapeutics including RNAi, CRISPR/Cas9 and chemotherapeutics, to a specific target tissue. However, there are numerous barriers associated with the use of EVs as therapeutic vehicles, including the challenge of efficiently loading therapeutics into EVs, avoiding clearance of the EVs from circulation, targeting the correct tissue type and the inefficiency of internalisation and functional delivery of the cargo. Despite these difficulties, EVs represent a tremendous therapeutic opportunity, both for the delivery of exogenous cargo, as well as the therapeutic benefit of targeting aberrant EV signalling or treating patients with natural EVs, such as those released by mesenchymal stem cells. This review describes current knowledge on the therapeutic potential of EVs and the challenges faced by the field. Many of these challenges are due to a lack of complete understanding of EV function, but further research in this area should continue to yield new solutions that will lead to the use of EVs in the clinic.


Assuntos
Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos , Vesículas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Animais , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácidos Nucleicos/metabolismo , Proteínas/metabolismo , Interferência de RNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
9.
Res Vet Sci ; 125: 351-359, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31374445

RESUMO

Fibronectin type III domain-containing protein 5 (FNDC5) plays an important role in white-to-brown adipose tissue conversion in mice. However, there is no report on the role of this protein in Arbas Cashmere goat adipose tissue. We investigated the effect of FNDC5 on the proliferation and differentiation of goat adipose-derived stem cells (gADSCs). We found that FNDC5 promotes the proliferation of gADSCs and increases the levels of p-ERK and p-p38, while it has no effect on the levels of ERK, p38, AKT and p-AKT. What's more, FNDC5 promotes the differentiation of gADSCs into lipid droplets. Overexpression of FNDC5 increased the protein levels of ASC1, UCP1, PPARγ and SREBP1. Additionally, mRNA levels of PPARγ, SREBP1, ACC, and FABP4 increased significantly. FNDC5 knockdown was associated with opposite effects. These results suggest that FNDC5 promotes the proliferation of gADSCs via MAPK signaling pathway and also induces the differentiation of these cells.


Assuntos
Adipócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibronectinas/farmacologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Adipócitos/citologia , Animais , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Camundongos
10.
Life Sci ; 232: 116669, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31326566

RESUMO

AIMS: This study investigated the effects of hyaluronic acid (HA), a commonly used osteogenic medium referred to as DAG, and the combined administration of HA and DAG (CG) on the osteogenic differentiation of human amniotic mesenchymal stem cells (hAMSCs), and the underlying mechanism. MAIN METHODS: The phenotype of hAMSCs was detected by flow cytometry and immunocytochemical staining. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and calcium deposition assays were employed for evaluating the osteogenic differentiation of hAMSCs. The expression of osteogenesis-related genes and proteins was determined by quantitative reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western blotting, respectively. Meanwhile, the molecular mechanism of osteogenic differentiation of hAMSCs was detected by PCR array and qRT-PCR. KEY FINDINGS: The results showed that treatment with CG could significantly stimulate hAMSC ALP activity and calcium deposition compared to treatment with DAG, while HA had little effect. The expression of osteogenesis-related molecules and stemness-related molecules was up-regulated at the mRNA and protein levels in all three groups, and this up-regulation was most significant in the CG group. In addition, treatment with CG significantly increased the gene expressions involved in regulation of the TGF-ß/Smad signalling pathway compared to treatment with DAG. Furthermore, the pro-osteogenic differentiation effects as well as the up-regulated expression of genes observed in the CG treatment group were significantly inhibited when the cells were pre-treated with SB431542, an inhibitor of the TGF-ß/Smad pathway. SIGNIFICANCE: These results suggest that HA in combination with DAG could significantly enhance the osteogenic differentiation of hAMSCs, potentially via the TGF-ß/Smad signalling pathway.


Assuntos
Âmnio/citologia , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido Hialurônico/farmacologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais , Proteínas Smad/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Ácido Hialurônico/química , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Peso Molecular
11.
Chem Biol Interact ; 310: 108750, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31319076

RESUMO

Osteoporosis is a major health concern occurring to the aging adult population across the globe. Currently, there is an increasing demand for treatment of osteoporosis with plant-based medicines. In the present study, we report that heraclenin was extracted and purified from unripe fruit portion of Bael (Aegle marmelos Corr.) using silica gel column chromatography. The identification and characterization of heraclenin were carried out by UV-Vis, HPLC, LC-MS, NMR, FT-IR, and XRD analyses. The standardized purification method recorded a yield efficiency of 42% heraclenin microcrystals with 99% purity from bael fruit. SEM image revealed the shape of the purified compound to be an orthorhombic-sphenoid prism. Cytotoxicity studies indicated that heraclenin-treatment did not alter cell viability in mouse mesenchymal stem cells (mMSCs, C3H10T1/2). The mRNA expression of Runx2, a bone transcription factor was found to be stimulated by heraclenin in these cells. At the cellular level, heraclenin-treatment enhanced osteoblast differentiation and mineralization in mMSCs. Thus, these results suggested that heraclenin purified from bael fruit has an osteogenic effect, indicating its potential towards bone regeneration.


Assuntos
Aegle/química , Furocumarinas/farmacologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular , Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Furocumarinas/isolamento & purificação , Camundongos , Osteoblastos/citologia , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Espectrofotometria
12.
BMC Complement Altern Med ; 19(1): 167, 2019 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31286956

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Centella asiatica (L.) Urban, known as Indian Pennywort, is a tropical medicinal plant from Apiaceae family native to Southeast Asian countries. It has been widely used as a nerve tonic in Ayuverdic medicine since ancient times. However, whether it can substitute for neurotrophic factors to induce human mesenchymal stem cell (hMSCs) differentiation into the neural lineage remains unknown. This study aimed to investigate the effect of a raw extract of C. asiatica (L.) (RECA) on the neural differentiation of hMSCs in vitro. METHODS: The hMSCs derived from human Wharton's jelly umbilical cord (hWJMSCs; n = 6) were treated with RECA at different concentrations; 400, 800, 1200, 1600, 2000 and 2400 µg/ml. The cytotoxicity of RECA was evaluated via the MTT (3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazolyl-2)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) and cell proliferation assays. The hWJMSCs were then induced to neural lineage for 9 days either with RECA alone or RECA in combination with neurotrophic factors (NF). Cell morphological changes were observed under an inverted microscope, while the expression of the neural markers S100ß, p75 NGFR, MBP, GFAP and MOG was analyzed by quantitative polymerase chain reaction and immunocytochemistry. The cell cycle profile of differentiated and undifferentiated hWJMSCs was investigated through cell cycle analysis. RESULTS: RECA exerted effects on both proliferation and neural differentiation of hWJMSCs in a dose-dependent manner. RECA reduced the proliferation of hWJMSCs and was cytotoxic to cells above 1600 µg/ml, with IC50 value, 1875 ± 55.67 µg/ml. In parallel with the reduction in cell viability, cell enlargement was also observed at the end of the induction. Cells treated with RECA alone had more obvious protein expression of the neural markers compared to the other groups. Meanwhile, gene expression of the aforementioned markers was detected at low levels across the experimental groups. The supplementation of hWJMSCs with RECA did not change the normal life cycle of the cells. CONCLUSIONS: Although RECA reduced the proliferation of hWJMSCs, a low dose of RECA (400 µg/ml), alone or in combination of neurotrophic factors (NF + RECA 400 µg/ml), has the potential to differentiate hWJMSCs into Schwann cells and other neural lineage cells.


Assuntos
Centella/química , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Neurogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Ciclo Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Neurogênese/genética , Extratos Vegetais/toxicidade , Gravidez , Geleia de Wharton
13.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 197: 111515, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31255939

RESUMO

An extraordinary arrangement of research is as yet going on in the area of orthopedic implants advancement to determine different issues being looked by the engineering today. In spite of a few detriments of the orthopedic metallic inserts, they keep on being utilized, essentially as a result of their unrivaled mechanical properties. We investigated the conceivable utilization of silicon carbide (SiC) as a nano-ceramic covering material of titanium (Ti)-based all out femoral substitution implants. The thought is to keep wear garbage arrangement from the delicate titanium exterior. Silicon carbide is a hard and firmly holding bio-ceramic surface substance, and in light of these physico-chemical properties, it isn't actually degradable, just like the case with apatite (HA). To improve cytocompatibility and osseous-integration, we deposited anodized titanium nanotubes (TiO2) inserts, by electrochemical deposition method (EDM), with silicon carbide (SiC) with apatite (SiC@HA). The deposition was affirmed by SEM, while phase composition properties were assessed by XRD. Calcium affidavit, osteocalcin creation, and articulation of bone genes were essentially higher in rodent osteoblast cell culture on SiC@HA-covered anodized titanium nanotubes than in cells cultured on uncoated anodized titanium nanotubes. Implantation into rodent femurs likewise demonstrated that the SiC@HA-covered substance had unrivaled osseous-integration movement in correlation with that of customary inserts, as evaluated by in vivo tomography and histology. Therefore, anodized titanium nanotubes covered with SiC@HA holds guarantee as an orthopedic implant substance.


Assuntos
Regeneração Óssea , Compostos Inorgânicos de Carbono/química , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/química , Durapatita/química , Nanopartículas/química , Compostos de Silício/química , Titânio/química , Animais , Regeneração Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Osso e Ossos/metabolismo , Osso e Ossos/patologia , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/uso terapêutico , Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/metabolismo , Fraturas do Fêmur/terapia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Osteoblastos/citologia , Osteoblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteocalcina/metabolismo , Próteses e Implantes , Ratos
14.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 197: 111536, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31326846

RESUMO

The latent utilization of biomaterials that are osteo-conducive in the advancement of healing bone fracture has fascinated extensive consideration. This work includes the synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) with the help of a Bauhinia acuminate plant flower extract through an ecofriendly synthetic process without any use of harmful reductants. In the fabrication of AgNPs, Bauhinia acuminate plant flower extract bio constituents acts as both stabilizing and reducing agent. The studies of Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques confirmed the formation of AgNPS. TEM images revealed that AgNPs are uniform with average particle size of 17 nm. Further, this work explored if silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) might endorse the osteogenesis and proliferation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and advance the curing of bone fractures. We also exhibited that the prepared AgNPs could promote the in -vitro osteogenic differentiation and proliferation of MSCs'. Also, the prepared AgNps could stimulate the proliferation of mMSCs at specific concentrations of 6-20 µM. Further, cell viability studies showed that AgNPs exhibited no reduction in mouse mesenchymal stem cell viability at <4 µM. Further, these results indicated the induction effects of AgNPs on osteogenic differentiation and proliferation on MSCs, as well as the advancement of meniscus injury healing.


Assuntos
Bauhinia/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Osteogênese , Extratos Vegetais/química , Prata/química , Animais , Bauhinia/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Flores/química , Flores/metabolismo , Consolidação da Fratura/efeitos dos fármacos , Química Verde , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Camundongos , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
15.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 197: 111545, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31326847

RESUMO

Proper waste utilization in order to promote value added product is a promising scientific practice in recent era. Inspiring from the recurring trend, we propose a single step oxidative pyrolysis derived fluorescent carbon dots (C-dots) from Allium sativum peel, which is a natural, nontoxic, and waste raw material. Because of its excellent optical properties, and photostability this C-dots have been used in versatile area of applications. Due to its immediate water dispersing character, C-dots reinforced Poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) films revealed improvement in uniaxial stretching behavior and can be used as transparent sunlight conversion film. The nanocomposite film has been tested against rigorous simulated sunlight which proved almost identical sunlight conversion behavior with no photo-bleachable character which is definitely added an extra quality of transparent polymer films. Moreover, the C-dots dispersion has been used as in vitro biomarker for living cells owing to its ease in solubility, biocompatibility, non-cytotoxicity and bright fluorescence even in subcutaneous environment. For this case, adipose derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) have been chosen and injected to rabbit ear skin to perform two-photon imaging experiment. The present work opens a new avenue towards the large-scale synthesis of bio-waste based fluorescent C-dots, paving the way for their versatile applications.


Assuntos
Allium/química , Nitrogênio/química , Fotodegradação/efeitos da radiação , Pontos Quânticos/química , Enxofre/química , Luz Solar , Resinas Acrílicas/química , Tecido Adiposo/citologia , Allium/metabolismo , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Carbono/química , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Frutas/química , Frutas/metabolismo , Química Verde , Masculino , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Microscopia de Fluorescência , Pontos Quânticos/toxicidade , Coelhos , Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Pele/patologia , Solubilidade
16.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 35(6): 505-511, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31292054

RESUMO

Objective To investigate the effects of fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF-2) on the cytoskeleton and morphology of rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs). Methods Morphological and cytoskeleton changes of BMSCs were observed by scanning electron microscopy and rhodamine-phalloidin staining in TranswellTM co-culture system of rat vascular endothelial cells (RAECs) and BMSCs. The content of FGF-2 in cell supernatants were detected by ELISA, and the mRNA expression of FGF-2 in both conventional and co-cultured cells were evaluated by real-time quantitative PCR. NVP-BGJ398, an inhibitor of FGF-2 receptor was added into the co-culture system to block FGF-2 signal and its effect on BMSCs skeleton was observed. Recombinant FGF-2 was supplemented into the conventional medium of BMSCs to further verify the effect of exogenous FGF-2. Results After co-cultured with RAECs, BMSCs gradually stretched, contracted and formed a large number of filopodia. The content of FGF-2 increased in the co-culture system and was mainly secreted by RAECs. Cytoskeleton remodeling of BMSCs was significantly blocked by the inhibitor of FGF-2 receptor and the cells were mostly short spindle-shaped and arranged in a spiral pattern. Exogenous FGF-2 promoted the contraction and edge stretching of BMSCs, forming filopodia with staggered distribution. Conclusion FGF-2 secreted by RAECs induces cytoskeletal remodeling of BMSCs.


Assuntos
Citoesqueleto , Fator 2 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/farmacologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Animais , Células da Medula Óssea/citologia , Células da Medula Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Diferenciação Celular , Células Cultivadas , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Proteínas Recombinantes/farmacologia
17.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2498, 2019 06 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31175312

RESUMO

Allogeneic mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) exhibit immunoregulatory function in human autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), but the underlying mechanisms remain incompletely understood. Here we show that the number of peripheral tolerogenic CD1c+ dendritic cells (DCs) and the levels of serum FLT3L are significantly decreased in SLE patients especially with lupus nephritis, compared to healthy controls. Transplantation of allogeneic umbilical cord-derived MSCs (UC-MSCs) significantly up-regulates peripheral blood CD1c+DCs and serum FLT3L. Mechanistically, UC-MSCs express FLT3L that binds to FLT3 on CD1c+DCs to promote the proliferation and inhibit the apoptosis of tolerogenic CD1c+DCs. Conversely, reduction of FLT3L with small interfering RNA in MSCs abolishes the up-regulation of tolerogenic CD1c+DCs in lupus patients treated with MSCs. Interferon-γ induces FLT3L expression in UC-MSCs through JAK/STAT signaling pathway. Thus, allogeneic MSCs might suppress inflammation in lupus through up-regulating tolerogenic DCs.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD1/imunologia , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Glicoproteínas/imunologia , Tolerância Imunológica/imunologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/terapia , Proteínas de Membrana/imunologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Adulto , Antígenos CD1/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Células Dendríticas/metabolismo , Feminino , Glicoproteínas/metabolismo , Humanos , Interferon gama/farmacologia , Janus Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Janus Quinases/metabolismo , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia , Nefrite Lúpica/imunologia , Nefrite Lúpica/terapia , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Transcrição STAT/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Transcrição STAT/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transplante Homólogo , Adulto Jovem
18.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(11)2019 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31146388

RESUMO

Stem cells undergo senescence both in vivo, contributing to the progressive decline in self-healing mechanisms, and in vitro during prolonged expansion. Here, we show that an early developmental zebrafish embryo extract (ZF1) could act as a modulator of senescence in human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) isolated from both adult tissues, including adipose tissue (hASCs), bone marrow (hBM-MSCs), dental pulp (hDP-MSCs), and a perinatal tissue such as the Wharton's Jelly (hWJ-MSCs). In all the investigated hMSCs, ZF1 decreased senescence-associated ß-galactosidase (SA ß-gal) activity and enhanced the transcription of TERT, encoding the catalytic telomerase core. In addition, it was associated, only in hASCs, with a transcriptional induction of BMI1, a pleiotropic repressor of senescence. In hBM-MSCs, hDP-MSCs, and hWJ-MSCs, TERT over-expression was concomitant with a down-regulation of two repressors of TERT, TP53 (p53), and CDKN1A (p21). Furthermore, ZF1 increased the natural ability of hASCs to perform adipogenesis. These results indicate the chance of using ZF1 to modulate stem cell senescence in a source-related manner, to be potentially used as a tool to affect stem cell senescence in vitro. In addition, its anti-senescence action could also set the basis for future in vivo approaches promoting tissue rejuvenation bypassing stem cell transplantation.


Assuntos
Senescência Celular , Embrião não Mamífero/química , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos de Tecidos/farmacologia , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p21/genética , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p21/metabolismo , Humanos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Complexo Repressor Polycomb 1/genética , Complexo Repressor Polycomb 1/metabolismo , Telomerase/genética , Telomerase/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Peixe-Zebra
19.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 102: 75-84, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31147047

RESUMO

Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-based therapy for promoting vascular regeneration is a promising strategy for treating ischemic diseases. However, low engraftment and retention rate of MSCs at the target site highlights the importance of paracrine signaling of MSCs in the reparative process. Thus, harnessing MSC-secretome is essential for rational design of MSC-based therapies. The role of microenvironment in regulating the paracrine signaling of MSCs is not well known. In this study, human bone marrow-derived MSCs were seeded on matrices with varying stiffness or cell adhesive sites, and conditioned media was collected. The concentrations of angiogenic molecules in the media was measured via ELISA. In addition, the bioactivity of the released molecules was investigated via assessing the proliferation and capillary morphogenesis of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) incubated with conditioned media. Our study revealed that secretion of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is dependent on substrate stiffness. Maximal secretion was observed when MSCs were seeded on hydrogel matrices of 5.0 kPa stiffness. Proliferation and tubulogenesis of HUVECs supported ELISA data. On the other hand, variation of cell adhesive sites while maintaining a uniform optimal stiffness, did not influence the pro-angiogenic activity of MSCs.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Neovascularização Fisiológica , Engenharia Tecidual/métodos , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Força Compressiva , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Humanos , Hidrogéis/farmacologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Neovascularização Fisiológica/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Suínos
20.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 3831-3843, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31213804

RESUMO

Purpose: On the basis of reasonable superposition of various surface treatment methods, alkali-treated titanium with nanonetwork structures (TNS) was coated with mussel adhesive protein (MAP) and named TNS-MAP. The aims were to optimize the biological properties of TNS, endue it with new properties, and enhance its utility in clinical dental applications. Methods: TNS disks were coated with MAP and the product surface was characterized. Its osteogenic properties were determined by evaluating its effects on cell adhesion, cell proliferation, the expression of osteogenesis-related genes, and in vivo experiments. Results: The treated materials showed excellent hydrophilicity, good surface roughness, and advantages of both TNS and MAP. TNS-MAP significantly promoted initial cell attachment especially after 15 mins and 30 mins. At every time point, cell adhesion and proliferation, the detection rate of osteogenesis-related markers in the extracellular matrix, and the expression of osteogenesis-related genes were markedly superior on TNS-MAP than the control. The in vivo experiments revealed that TNS-MAP promoted new bone growth around the implants and the bone-implant interface. Conclusion: We verified through in vitro and in vivo experiments that we successfully created an effective TNS-MAP composite implant with excellent biocompatibility and advantages of both its TNS and MAP parent materials. Therefore, the new biocomposite implant material TNS-MAP may potentially serve in practical dentistry and orthopedics.


Assuntos
Álcalis/química , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Nanopartículas/química , Osseointegração/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas/farmacologia , Titânio/farmacologia , Fosfatase Alcalina/metabolismo , Animais , Interface Osso-Implante/diagnóstico por imagem , Interface Osso-Implante/patologia , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Forma Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Microtomografia por Raio-X
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