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1.
Ann Hematol ; 98(9): 2063-2072, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31312928

RESUMO

Rigosertib is a novel multi-kinase inhibitor, which has clinical activity towards leukemic progenitor cells of patients with high-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) after failure or progression on hypomethylating agents. Since the bone marrow microenvironment plays an important role in MDS pathogenesis, we investigated the impact of rigosertib on cellular compartments within the osteo-hematopoietic niche. Healthy C57BL/6J mice treated with rigosertib for 3 weeks showed a mild suppression of hematopoiesis (hemoglobin and red blood cells, both - 16%, p < 0.01; white blood cells, - 34%, p < 0.05; platelets, - 38%, p < 0.05), whereas there was no difference in the number of hematopoietic stem cells in the bone marrow. Trabecular bone mass of the spine was reduced by rigosertib (- 16%, p = 0.05). This was accompanied by a lower trabecular number and thickness (- 6% and - 10%, respectively, p < 0.05), partly explained by the increase in osteoclast number and surface (p < 0.01). Milder effects of rigosertib on bone mass were detected in an MDS mouse model system (NHD13). However, rigosertib did not further aggravate MDS-associated cytopenia in NHD13 mice. Finally, we tested the effects of rigosertib on human mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) in vitro and demonstrated reduced cell viability at nanomolar concentrations. Deterioration of the hematopoietic supportive capacity of MDS-MSC after rigosertib pretreatment demonstrated by decreased number of colony-forming units, especially in the monocytic lineage, further supports the idea of disturbed crosstalk within the osteo-hematopoietic niche mediated by rigosertib. Thus, rigosertib exerts inhibitory effects on the stromal components of the osteo-hematopoietic niche which may explain the dissociation between anti-leukemic activity and the absence of hematological improvement.


Assuntos
Glicina/análogos & derivados , Hematopoese/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas , Nicho de Células-Tronco/efeitos dos fármacos , Sulfonas/farmacologia , Animais , Glicina/farmacologia , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/patologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/tratamento farmacológico , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/metabolismo , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/patologia
2.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 197: 111515, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31255939

RESUMO

An extraordinary arrangement of research is as yet going on in the area of orthopedic implants advancement to determine different issues being looked by the engineering today. In spite of a few detriments of the orthopedic metallic inserts, they keep on being utilized, essentially as a result of their unrivaled mechanical properties. We investigated the conceivable utilization of silicon carbide (SiC) as a nano-ceramic covering material of titanium (Ti)-based all out femoral substitution implants. The thought is to keep wear garbage arrangement from the delicate titanium exterior. Silicon carbide is a hard and firmly holding bio-ceramic surface substance, and in light of these physico-chemical properties, it isn't actually degradable, just like the case with apatite (HA). To improve cytocompatibility and osseous-integration, we deposited anodized titanium nanotubes (TiO2) inserts, by electrochemical deposition method (EDM), with silicon carbide (SiC) with apatite (SiC@HA). The deposition was affirmed by SEM, while phase composition properties were assessed by XRD. Calcium affidavit, osteocalcin creation, and articulation of bone genes were essentially higher in rodent osteoblast cell culture on SiC@HA-covered anodized titanium nanotubes than in cells cultured on uncoated anodized titanium nanotubes. Implantation into rodent femurs likewise demonstrated that the SiC@HA-covered substance had unrivaled osseous-integration movement in correlation with that of customary inserts, as evaluated by in vivo tomography and histology. Therefore, anodized titanium nanotubes covered with SiC@HA holds guarantee as an orthopedic implant substance.


Assuntos
Regeneração Óssea , Compostos Inorgânicos de Carbono/química , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/química , Durapatita/química , Nanopartículas/química , Compostos de Silício/química , Titânio/química , Animais , Regeneração Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Osso e Ossos/metabolismo , Osso e Ossos/patologia , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/uso terapêutico , Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/metabolismo , Fraturas do Fêmur/terapia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Osteoblastos/citologia , Osteoblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteocalcina/metabolismo , Próteses e Implantes , Ratos
3.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 197: 111536, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31326846

RESUMO

The latent utilization of biomaterials that are osteo-conducive in the advancement of healing bone fracture has fascinated extensive consideration. This work includes the synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) with the help of a Bauhinia acuminate plant flower extract through an ecofriendly synthetic process without any use of harmful reductants. In the fabrication of AgNPs, Bauhinia acuminate plant flower extract bio constituents acts as both stabilizing and reducing agent. The studies of Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques confirmed the formation of AgNPS. TEM images revealed that AgNPs are uniform with average particle size of 17 nm. Further, this work explored if silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) might endorse the osteogenesis and proliferation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and advance the curing of bone fractures. We also exhibited that the prepared AgNPs could promote the in -vitro osteogenic differentiation and proliferation of MSCs'. Also, the prepared AgNps could stimulate the proliferation of mMSCs at specific concentrations of 6-20 µM. Further, cell viability studies showed that AgNPs exhibited no reduction in mouse mesenchymal stem cell viability at <4 µM. Further, these results indicated the induction effects of AgNPs on osteogenic differentiation and proliferation on MSCs, as well as the advancement of meniscus injury healing.


Assuntos
Bauhinia/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Osteogênese , Extratos Vegetais/química , Prata/química , Animais , Bauhinia/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Flores/química , Flores/metabolismo , Consolidação da Fratura/efeitos dos fármacos , Química Verde , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Camundongos , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
4.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 197: 111545, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31326847

RESUMO

Proper waste utilization in order to promote value added product is a promising scientific practice in recent era. Inspiring from the recurring trend, we propose a single step oxidative pyrolysis derived fluorescent carbon dots (C-dots) from Allium sativum peel, which is a natural, nontoxic, and waste raw material. Because of its excellent optical properties, and photostability this C-dots have been used in versatile area of applications. Due to its immediate water dispersing character, C-dots reinforced Poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) films revealed improvement in uniaxial stretching behavior and can be used as transparent sunlight conversion film. The nanocomposite film has been tested against rigorous simulated sunlight which proved almost identical sunlight conversion behavior with no photo-bleachable character which is definitely added an extra quality of transparent polymer films. Moreover, the C-dots dispersion has been used as in vitro biomarker for living cells owing to its ease in solubility, biocompatibility, non-cytotoxicity and bright fluorescence even in subcutaneous environment. For this case, adipose derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) have been chosen and injected to rabbit ear skin to perform two-photon imaging experiment. The present work opens a new avenue towards the large-scale synthesis of bio-waste based fluorescent C-dots, paving the way for their versatile applications.


Assuntos
Allium/química , Nitrogênio/química , Fotodegradação/efeitos da radiação , Pontos Quânticos/química , Enxofre/química , Luz Solar , Resinas Acrílicas/química , Tecido Adiposo/citologia , Allium/metabolismo , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Carbono/química , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Frutas/química , Frutas/metabolismo , Química Verde , Masculino , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Microscopia de Fluorescência , Pontos Quânticos/toxicidade , Coelhos , Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Pele/patologia , Solubilidade
5.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 4755-4765, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31308656

RESUMO

Background: Many techniques and methods have been used clinically to relieve pain from cartilage repair, but the long-term effect is still unsatisfactory. Purpose: The objective of this study was to form an artificial chondroid tissue gene enhanced tissue engineering system to repair cartilage defects via nanosized liposomes. Methods: Cationic nanosized liposomes were prepared and characterized using transmission electron microscope (TEM) and dynamic laser light scattering (DLS). The rat mesenchymal stem cells (rMSCs) were isolated, cultivated, and induced by SRY (Sex-Determining Region Y)-Box 9 (Sox9) via cationic nanosized liposomes. The induced rMSCs were mixed with a thermo-sensitive chitosan hydrogel and subcutaneously injected into the nude mice. Finally, the newly-formed chondroid tissue obtained in the injection parts, and the transparent parts were detected by HE, collagen II, and safranin O. Results: It was found that the presently prepared cationic nanosized liposomes had the diameter of 85.76±3.48 nm and the zeta potential of 15.76±2.1 mV. The isolated rMSCs proliferation was fibroblast-like, with a cultivated confluence of 90% confluence in 5-8 days, and stained positive for CD29 and CD44 while negative for CD34 and CD45. After transfection with cationic nanosized liposomes, we observed changes of cellular morphology and a higher expression of SOX9 compared with control groups, which indicated that rMSCs could differentiate into chondrocyte in vitro. By mixing transfected rMSCs with the thermo-sensitive hydrogel of chitosan in nude mice, chondroid tissue was successfully obtained, demonstrating that rMSCs can differentiate into chondrogenic cells in vivo. Conclusion: This study explored new ways to improve the quality of tissue engineered cartilage, thus accelerating clinical transformation and reducing patient pain.


Assuntos
Condrogênese , Técnicas de Transferência de Genes , Nanopartículas/química , Engenharia Tecidual/métodos , Animais , Cátions , Diferenciação Celular , Forma Celular , Células Cultivadas , Condrogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Géis , Lipossomos/química , Lipossomos/ultraestrutura , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Camundongos Nus , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fatores de Transcrição SOX9/metabolismo , Temperatura Ambiente
6.
Life Sci ; 232: 116632, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31278944

RESUMO

AIMS: The inflammation modulation effects of mesenchymal stromal cell-derived exosomes (MSC-EXO) are well established. We aimed to explore the mechanism behind the inflammatory responses of numerous exosomal cargo molecules that have been neglected in molecular biology research, and to develop an exosomal cargo delivery system that can exert a stronger therapeutic effect on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. MAIN METHODS: Computational approaches were used to identify key exosomal miRNAs and their downstream mRNAs that are expressed in the inflammatory response. Direct interactions between miRNA-181a and the c-Fos mRNA complex were confirmed by luciferase reporter assay. MSC-EXO carrying miRNA-181a-overexpressing lentiviruses were intramyocardially injected into a mouse model of myocardial I/R injury. I/R progression was evaluated through echocardiography and immunofluorescence microscopy. KEY FINDINGS: miRNA-181a provided substantial coverage against a host of immune-related genes through the miRNA-mRNA network. miRNA-181a delivery by MSC-EXO combined the immune-suppressing effect of miRNA-181a and the cell targeting capability of MSC-EXO to exert a stronger therapeutic effect on myocardium I/R injury. SIGNIFICANCE: We showed the potential of MSC-EXO as a tool for the specific delivery of small RNAs in vivo. This study shed new light on the potential application of miRNA-181a-overexpressing MSC-EXO as a therapeutic strategy for myocardial I/R injury.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/sangue , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/metabolismo , Animais , Movimento Celular/fisiologia , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue do Cordão Umbilical/métodos , Exossomos , Humanos , Inflamação/terapia , Masculino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/métodos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/genética , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/patologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/genética , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/metabolismo
7.
Life Sci ; 232: 116620, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31291594

RESUMO

AIMS: Cell-based biological pacemakers aim to overcome limitations and side effects of electronic pacemaker devices. We here developed and tested different approaches to achieve nodal-type differentiation using human adipose- and bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (haMSC, hbMSC). MAIN METHODS: haMSC and hbMSC were differentiated using customized protocols. Quantitative RT-PCR was applied for transcriptional pacemaker-gene profiling. Protein membrane expression was analyzed by immunocytochemistry. Pacemaker current (If) was studied in haMSC with and without lentiviral HCN4-transduction using patch clamp recordings. Functional characteristics were evaluated by co-culturing with neonatal rat ventricular myocytes (NRVM). KEY FINDINGS: Culture media-based differentiation for two weeks generated cells with abundant transcription of ion channel genes (Cav1.2, NCX1), transcription factors (TBX3, TBX18, SHOX2) and connexins (Cx31.9 and Cx45) characteristic for cardiac pacemaker tissue, but lack adequate HCN transcription. haMSC-derived cells revealed transcript levels, which were closer related to sinoatrial nodal cells than hbMSC-derived cells. To substitute for the lack of If, we performed lentiviral HCN4-transduction of haMSC resulting in stable If. Co-culturing with NRVM demonstrated that differentiated haMSC expressing HCN4 showed earlier onset of spontaneous contractions and higher beating regularity, synchrony and rate compared to co-cultures with non-HCN4-transduced haMSC or HCN4-transduced, non-differentiated haMSC. Confocal imaging indicated increased membrane expression of cardiac gap junctional proteins in differentiated haMSC. SIGNIFICANCE: By differentiation haMSC, rather than hbMSC attain properties favorable for cardiac pacemaking. In combination with lentiviral HCN4-transduction, a cellular phenotype was generated that sustainably controls and stabilizes rate in co-culture with NRVM.


Assuntos
Relógios Biológicos/fisiologia , Canais Disparados por Nucleotídeos Cíclicos Ativados por Hiperpolarização/metabolismo , Proteínas Musculares/metabolismo , Canais de Potássio/metabolismo , Tecido Adiposo/fisiologia , Animais , Células da Medula Óssea/fisiologia , Diferenciação Celular/fisiologia , Técnicas de Cocultura , Humanos , Canais Disparados por Nucleotídeos Cíclicos Ativados por Hiperpolarização/fisiologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Células Musculares/metabolismo , Proteínas Musculares/fisiologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Técnicas de Patch-Clamp , Canais de Potássio/fisiologia , Ratos , Nó Sinoatrial
8.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2498, 2019 06 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31175312

RESUMO

Allogeneic mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) exhibit immunoregulatory function in human autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), but the underlying mechanisms remain incompletely understood. Here we show that the number of peripheral tolerogenic CD1c+ dendritic cells (DCs) and the levels of serum FLT3L are significantly decreased in SLE patients especially with lupus nephritis, compared to healthy controls. Transplantation of allogeneic umbilical cord-derived MSCs (UC-MSCs) significantly up-regulates peripheral blood CD1c+DCs and serum FLT3L. Mechanistically, UC-MSCs express FLT3L that binds to FLT3 on CD1c+DCs to promote the proliferation and inhibit the apoptosis of tolerogenic CD1c+DCs. Conversely, reduction of FLT3L with small interfering RNA in MSCs abolishes the up-regulation of tolerogenic CD1c+DCs in lupus patients treated with MSCs. Interferon-γ induces FLT3L expression in UC-MSCs through JAK/STAT signaling pathway. Thus, allogeneic MSCs might suppress inflammation in lupus through up-regulating tolerogenic DCs.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD1/imunologia , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Glicoproteínas/imunologia , Tolerância Imunológica/imunologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/terapia , Proteínas de Membrana/imunologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Adulto , Antígenos CD1/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Células Dendríticas/metabolismo , Feminino , Glicoproteínas/metabolismo , Humanos , Interferon gama/farmacologia , Janus Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Janus Quinases/metabolismo , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia , Nefrite Lúpica/imunologia , Nefrite Lúpica/terapia , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Transcrição STAT/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Transcrição STAT/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transplante Homólogo , Adulto Jovem
9.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2761, 2019 06 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31235698

RESUMO

Cerebral cavernous malformation (CCM) is a neurovascular familial or sporadic disease that is characterised by capillary-venous cavernomas, and is due to loss-of-function mutations to any one of three CCM genes. Familial CCM follows a two-hit mechanism similar to that of tumour suppressor genes, while in sporadic cavernomas only a small fraction of endothelial cells shows mutated CCM genes. We reported that in mouse models and in human patients, endothelial cells lining the lesions have different features from the surrounding endothelium, as they express mesenchymal/stem-cell markers. Here we show that cavernomas originate from clonal expansion of few Ccm3-null endothelial cells that express mesenchymal/stem-cell markers. These cells then attract surrounding wild-type endothelial cells, inducing them to express mesenchymal/stem-cell markers and to contribute to cavernoma growth. These characteristics of Ccm3-null cells are reminiscent of the tumour-initiating cells that are responsible for tumour growth. Our data support the concept that CCM has benign tumour characteristics.


Assuntos
Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/genética , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/patologia , Células Endoteliais/patologia , Hemangioma Cavernoso do Sistema Nervoso Central/patologia , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/genética , Animais , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Encéfalo/irrigação sanguínea , Encéfalo/citologia , Encéfalo/patologia , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Linhagem Celular , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Endotélio Vascular/citologia , Endotélio Vascular/patologia , Feminino , Técnicas de Inativação de Genes , Hemangioma Cavernoso do Sistema Nervoso Central/genética , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/metabolismo , Mutação com Perda de Função , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/metabolismo
10.
BMC Vet Res ; 15(1): 201, 2019 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31200719

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Joint injury is extremely common in equine athletes and post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA), a progressive and debilitating disease, is estimated to affect 60% of horses in the USA. The limited potential for intrinsic healing of articular cartilage has prompted intense efforts to identify a cell-based repair strategy to prevent progression of PTOA. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have the potential to become an ideal source for cell-based treatment of cartilage lesions; however, full chondrogenic differentiation remains elusive. Due to the relatively low oxygen tension in articular cartilage, hypoxia has been proposed as a method of increasing MSC chondrogenesis. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of hypoxic culture conditions on chondrogenesis in equine synovial membrane-derived MSCs (SM-MSCs) and bone marrow-derived MSCs (BM-MSCs). MSCs were isolated from synovial membrane and bone marrow collected from 5 horses. Flow cytometric analysis was used to assess cell surface marker expression including CD29, CD44, CD90, CD105, CD45, CD-79α, MHCI and MHCII. MSC pellets were cultured in normoxic (21% O2) or in hypoxic (5% O2) culture conditions for 28 days. Following the culture period, chondrogenesis was assessed by histology, biochemical analyses and gene expression of chondrogenic-related genes including ACAN, COL2b, SOX9, and COL10A1. RESULTS: Both cell types expressed markers consistent with stemness including CD29, CD44, CD90, CD105, and MHCI and were negative for exclusion markers (CD45, CD79α, and MHCII). Although the majority of outcome variables of chondrogenic differentiation were not significantly different between cell types or culture conditions, COL10A1 expression, a marker of chondrocyte hypertrophy, was lowest in hypoxic SM-MSCs and was significantly lower in hypoxic SM-MSCs compared to hypoxic BM-MSCs. CONCLUSIONS: Hypoxic culture conditions do not appear to increase chondrogenesis of equine SM-MSCs or BM-MSCs; however, hypoxia may downregulate the hypertrophic marker COL10A1 in SM-MSCs.


Assuntos
Hipóxia Celular , Condrogênese , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Animais , Células da Medula Óssea/citologia , Técnicas de Cultura de Células/métodos , Técnicas de Cultura de Células/veterinária , Células Cultivadas , Cavalos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Membrana Sinovial/citologia
11.
Biochemistry (Mosc) ; 84(3): 250-262, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31221063

RESUMO

Clonal composition of human multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MMSCs) labeled with lentiviral vectors carrying genetic barcodes was studied. MMSCs were transduced with a cloned library of self-inactivating lentiviral vectors carrying 667 unique barcodes. At each cell culture passage, 120 cells were plated one cell per well in 96-well plates. The efficiency of cloning and labeling of the clonogenic cells was determined. DNA was extracted from the cell-derived colonies, and the barcodes were identified by Sanger sequencing. Also, DNA was extracted from the total MMSC population at each passage to analyze the diversity and representation of barcodes by deep sequencing using the Illumina platform. It was shown that the portion of MMSCs labeled with the lentiviral vectors remained stable in the passaged cells. Because of the high multiplicity of infection, the labeling procedure could decrease the proliferative potential of MMSCs. Identification of barcodes in individual cell clones confirmed the polyclonal character of the MMSC population. Clonal composition of MMSCs changed significantly with the passages due to the depletion of proliferative potential of most cells. Large clones were found at the first passage; at later passages, many small clones with a limited proliferative potential were detected in the population. The results of deep sequencing confirmed changes in the clonal composition of MMSCs. The polyclonal MMSC population contained only a small number of cells with a high proliferative potential, some of which could be stem cells. MMSCs with a high proliferative potential were detected more often in the earliest passages. In this regard, we would recommend to use MMSCs of early passages for regenerative medicine applications based on cell proliferation.


Assuntos
Evolução Clonal/genética , Células Clonais/metabolismo , Código de Barras de DNA Taxonômico , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Biblioteca Gênica , Humanos
12.
Biochemistry (Mosc) ; 84(3): 263-271, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31221064

RESUMO

Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are a population of adult stem cells that modulate functional state of neighboring tissues. During cell aging, the biological activity of MSC changes, which may affect tissue homeostasis. It is known that reducing the oxygen level in vitro to physiological values typical to a particular cell niche leads to attenuation of some morphological and functional changes associated with aging. This work aimed to study gene expression in MSCs involved in response to physiological hypoxia using a replicative aging model under physiological (5%) and atmospheric (20%) oxygen in cultures. Our results show that significant reduction of proliferative activity of MSCs is observed after 20 passages (~50 cell generations). Regardless of the oxygen, in senescent cells PKM2, SERPINE1, and VEGFA were upregulated while ANKRD37, DDIT4, HIF1A, and TXNIP were downregulated. Also, ADORA2B, BNIPL, CCNG2, EGLN1, MAP3K1, MXI1, and P4HA1 were downregulated under hypoxia. The effect of oxygen was more pronounced at earlier passages both on the cellular and transcription levels. Irrespective of the passage, genes ANGPTL4, GYS1, PKM2, SERPINE1, and TP53 were downregulated under hypoxia. Also, decreased expression was observed for ADM, F10, HMOX1, P4HB, PFKL, SLC16A3 in earlier passages, and for HK2 - in later passages. Upregulation was only observed for ANKRD37, both at early and late cultures.


Assuntos
Hipóxia/genética , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Adulto , Células Cultivadas , Senescência Celular , Feminino , Humanos , Hipóxia/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
13.
Cell Prolif ; 52(4): e12587, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31206838

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Cellular aggregates are readily applicable in cell-based therapy. The effects of agitation and inoculation density on the aggregation of cells in spinner flask and the molecular mechanism of aggregation were investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The aggregation kinetics of cells in spinner flask was evaluated with bovine articular chondrocytes (bACs), rabbit bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (rMSCs) and their mixture. The morphology of cellular aggregates was studied with scanning electron microscopy and gene expression of cell adhesion-related molecules was analysed. RESULTS: It was shown that suspension culture in spinner flask induced the aggregation of bACs and rMSCs. Both cells exhibited increased aggregation rate and aggregate size with decreasing agitation rate and increasing cell inoculation density. Additionally, aggregate size increased with extended culture time. By analysing gene expression of integrin ß1 and cadherin, it was indicated that these molecules were potentially involved in the aggregation process of bACs and rMSCs, respectively. Aggregates composed of both bACs and rMSCs were also prepared, showing rMSCs in the core and bACs in the periphery. CONCLUSIONS: Cellular aggregates were prepared in dynamic suspension culture using spinner flask, the key parameters to the aggregation process were identified, and the molecular mechanism of aggregation was revealed. This would lay a solid foundation for the large-scale production of cellular aggregates for cell-based therapy, such as cartilage regeneration.


Assuntos
Condrócitos/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Animais , Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Medula Óssea/fisiologia , Bovinos , Adesão Celular/fisiologia , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/metabolismo , Contagem de Células/métodos , Técnicas de Cultura de Células/métodos , Terapia Baseada em Transplante de Células e Tecidos/métodos , Células Cultivadas , Condrócitos/metabolismo , Expressão Gênica/fisiologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Coelhos
14.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2795, 2019 06 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31243287

RESUMO

Inflammaging induces osteoporosis by promoting bone destruction and inhibiting bone formation. TRAF3 limits bone destruction by inhibiting RANKL-induced NF-κB signaling in osteoclast precursors. However, the role of TRAF3 in mesenchymal progenitor cells (MPCs) is unknown. Mice with TRAF3 deleted in MPCs develop early onset osteoporosis due to reduced bone formation and enhanced bone destruction. In young mice TRAF3 prevents ß-catenin degradation in MPCs and maintains osteoblast formation. However, TRAF3 protein levels decrease in murine and human bone samples during aging when TGFß1 is released from resorbing bone. TGFß1 induces degradation of TRAF3 in murine MPCs and inhibits osteoblast formation through GSK-3ß-mediated degradation of ß-catenin. Thus, TRAF3 positively regulates MPC differentiation into osteoblasts. TRAF3 deletion in MPCs activated NF-κB RelA and RelB to promote RANKL expression and enhance bone destruction. We conclude that pharmacologic stabilization of TRAF3 during aging could treat/prevent age-related osteoporosis by inhibiting bone destruction and promoting bone formation.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Fator 3 Associado a Receptor de TNF/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Envelhecimento , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Feminino , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Osteoblastos/fisiologia , Osteoporose , Fator 3 Associado a Receptor de TNF/genética
15.
Gene ; 711: 143937, 2019 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31228541

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Vaginal atrophy is characterized by thinning of vaginal epithelial layers and decreased local blood flow. We aimed to evaluate the regenerative effects of Adipose derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSC) and Bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMDSC) on vaginal atrophy in rat menopause model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rats were randomly divided into 4 (four) groups: sham, control, ADMSC, BMDSC. Vaginal epithelial thickness, structure of the lamina propria, blood vessels in the lamina propria, collagen deposition, and muscle structure were evaluated. Anti ER α, VEGF, VEGFR 1, Bax and bcl-2 antibodies were analyzed. Beta actin gene was used as endogenous control. Genetical differences among the groups were compared by using Kruskal Wallis and Mann Whitney U test. p < 0.05 was regarded as statistically significant. RESULTS: Epithelial thickness of ADMSC group was higher than control group, but less than sham group Epithelial thickness of BMDSC group was less than sham group. Lamina propria and muscle tissue of ADMSC and BMDSC groups were found to be similar to sham group. VEGFR-1, VEGF, Bax and ER-α staining levels were higher in ADMSC and BMDSC groups than control group. ADMSC group stained stronger with VEGFR-1 and VEGF than BMDSC group. Bcl-2 staining level was increased in ADMSC applied group. No statistically significant difference was detected in Bax and Bcl-2 genes and Bax-/Bcl-2 ratio. CONCLUSIONS: Although genetic expression might have ended and could not be significantly demonstrated, histological and immunohistochemical results favor ADMSC application in vaginal atrophy rather than BMDSC.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/citologia , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Células da Medula Óssea/citologia , Menopausa/fisiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/métodos , Vagina/patologia , Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Animais , Atrofia , Células da Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Menopausa/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Ratos , Vagina/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Receptor 1 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/metabolismo
16.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 32(4): 272-280, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31217063

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the protective effect of NANOG against hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) -induced cell damage in the human hair follicle mesenchymal stem cells (hHF-MSCs). METHODS: NANOG was expressed from a lentiviral vector, pLVX-IRES-ZsGreen. NANOG hHF-MSCs and vector hHF-MSCs were treated with 400 µmol/L hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) for 2 h, the cell survival rate, cell morphology, ROS production, apoptosis and expression of AKT, ERK, and p21 were determined and compared. RESULTS: Our results showed that NANOG could activate AKT and upregulate the expression of p-AKT, but not p-ERK. When treated with 400 µmol/L H2O2, NANOG hHF-MSCs showed higher cell survival rate, lower ROS production and apoptosis, higher expression of p-AKT, higher ratio of p-AKT/AKT. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that NANOG could protect hHF-MSCs against cell damage caused by H2O2 through activating AKT signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Folículo Piloso/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Proteína Homeobox Nanog/metabolismo , Sobrevivência Celular , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Lentivirus , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína Homeobox Nanog/farmacologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
17.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 28(9): 2555-2562, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31248739

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to investigate the effects of Mesenchymal stem cells/glial cell line derived neurotrophic factor (MSCs/GDNF) transplantation on nerve reconstruction in rats with intracerebral hemorrhage. METHODS: GDNF transduction to MSCs was using adenovirus vector pAdEasy-1-pAdTrack-CMV prepared. Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) was induced by injection of collagenase and heparin into the caudate putamen. At the third day after a collagenase-induced ICH, adult male SD rats were randomly divided into saline group, MSCs group and MSCs/GDNF group. Immunofluorescence and RT-PCR were performed to detect the differentiation of MSCs or MSCs with an adenovirus vector encoding GDNF gene in vivo and in vitro. RESULT: After 6 hours of induction, both MSCs and MSCs/GDNF expressed neuro or glial specific markers and synaptic-associated proteins (SYN, GAP-43, PSD-95); additionally, they secreted bioactive compounds (BDNF, NGF-ß). MSCs/GDNF transplantation, compared to MSCs and saline solution injection, significantly improved neurological functions after ICH. The grafted MSCs or MSCs/GDNF survived in the striatum after 2 weeks of transplantation and expressed the neural cell-specific biomarkers NSE, MAP2, and GFAP. CONCLUSION: These findings demonstrate that MSCs/GDNF transplantation contributes to improved neurological function in experimental ICH rats. The mechanisms are possibly due to neuronal replacement and enhanced neurotrophic factor secretion.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/fisiopatologia , Hemorragia Cerebral/cirurgia , Terapia Genética/métodos , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado de Linhagem de Célula Glial/biossíntese , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/métodos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Regeneração Nervosa , Células-Tronco Neurais/transplante , Transfecção , Animais , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Encéfalo/patologia , Células Cultivadas , Hemorragia Cerebral/genética , Hemorragia Cerebral/metabolismo , Hemorragia Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado de Linhagem de Célula Glial/genética , Masculino , Células-Tronco Neurais/metabolismo , Neurogênese , Fenótipo , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Fatores de Tempo
18.
Mol Cell Biochem ; 458(1-2): 11-26, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31165315

RESUMO

Dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) has been found to disrupt the progression of oral cancer. However, which miRNAs are most effective against oral cancer and how these miRNAs should be delivered are major unanswered problems. We aimed at investigating if human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs)-derived exosomes affect oral cancer development, and the potential regulatory mechanism associated with COL10A1 and miR-101-3p. COL10A1 was upregulated, while miR-101-3p was downregulated in oral cancer, and miR-101-3p targeted COL10A1 as verified by dual-luciferase reporter gene assay. Meanwhile, exosomes derived from hBMSCs were isolated and then co-cultured with oral cancer cells to identify the role of exosomes, and the results suggested that hBMSCs-derived exosomes overexpressing miR-101-3p inhibited oral cancer progression. Furthermore, tumorigenicity assay in nude mice further confirmed the inhibitory effects of hBMSCs-derived exosomes, loaded with miR-101-3p, on oral cancer, which provides a new theoretical basis in the treatment of oral cancer.


Assuntos
Células da Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Exossomos/transplante , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/biossíntese , Neoplasias Bucais/terapia , Idoso , Animais , Exossomos/metabolismo , Feminino , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Bucais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Invasividade Neoplásica , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
19.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 196: 111512, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31129505

RESUMO

Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide, and doxorubicin (DOX) has become one of the most commonly prescribed drugs. Stem cell (SC) therapy is proving to be a promising strategy to alleviate DOX adverse effects on non-cancerous cells. However, the drug also has a toxic action on SCs, reducing the efficiency of cell therapy from a preventive view. The present study shows that the DOX toxicity in mesenchymal SCs (MSCs) can be partially overcome by low-level laser irradiation (LLLI). To achieve this, we applied the low-level red laser (wavelength: 660 nm; output power: 30 mW; laser beam: 0.028 cm2; irradiation: 1.07 mW/cm2; Ga-Al-As Photon Laser III, DMC, São Paulo, Brazil) in rat adipose tissue-derived MSCs before their exposure to different DOX concentrations. Results revealed that the DOX reduced the viability and adenosine triphosphate level of MSCs. These findings were followed by significantly increased apoptosis as well as oxidative stress in the MSCs. Interestingly, LLLI at the dose of 0.2 J alleviated the effects of DOX on cell viability and apoptosis, and inhibited oxidative stress in the MSCs. In summary, this study provides a crucial step toward the future application of LLLI as a protective approach against DOX-induced toxicity in MSCs, particularly cell death. This study also lays the groundwork for further investigation into the role of oxidative stress and inflammation as an instructive milieu for cell protection.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos da radiação , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Lasers , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Tecido Adiposo/citologia , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos da radiação , Células Cultivadas , Citocinas/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos da radiação , Ratos
20.
Cell Physiol Biochem ; 52(6): 1309-1324, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31050280

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Different approaches have been considered to improve heart reconstructive medicine and direct delivery of pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (PSC-CMs) appears to be highly promising in this context. However, low cell persistence post-transplantation remains a bottleneck hindering the approach. Here, we present a novel strategy to overcome the low engraftment of PSC-CMs during the early post-transplantation phase into the myocardium of both healthy and cryoinjured syngeneic mice. METHODS: Adult murine bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and PSC-CMs were co-cultured on thermo-responsive polymers and later detached through temperature reduction, resulting in the protease-free generation of cell clusters (micro-tissues) composed of both cells types. Micro-tissues were transplanted into healthy and cryo-injured murine hearts. Short term cell retention was quantified by real-time-PCR. Longitudinal cell tracking was performed by bioluminescence imaging for four weeks. Transplanted cells were further detected by immunofluorescence staining of tissue sections. RESULTS: We demonstrated that in vitro grown micro-tissues consisting of PSC-CMs and MSCs can increase cardiomyocyte retention by >10fold one day post-transplantation, but could not fully rescue a further cell loss between day 1 and day 2. Neutrophil infiltration into the transplanted area was detected in healthy hearts and could be attributed to the cellular implantation rather than tissue damage exerted by the transplantation cannula. Injected PSC-CMs were tracked and successfully detected for up to four weeks by bioluminescence imaging. CONCLUSION: This approach demonstrated that in vitro grown micro-tissues might contribute to the development of cardiac cell replacement therapies.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Miocárdio/patologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/transplante , Animais , Células da Medula Óssea/citologia , Linhagem Celular , Rastreamento de Células , Técnicas de Cocultura , Imunidade Inata , Masculino , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Camundongos , Microscopia de Fluorescência , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Miocárdio/imunologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/citologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Infiltração de Neutrófilos , Imagem Óptica , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes/citologia , Polímeros/química
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