Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 5.720
Filtrar
1.
Anticancer Res ; 40(10): 5611-5620, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988885

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Cancer stem cell characteristics and drug resistance of colorectal cancer are associated with failure of cancer treatment. In this study, we investigated the effects of PrPC on cancer stem cell characteristics, migration, invasion, and drug resistance of 5FU-resistant CRC cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PrPC negative and PrPC positive cells were isolated from 5FU-resistant CRC cells using magnetic activated cell sorting. Sphere formation, cancer stem cell marker expression, migration, invasion, and drug resistance were analyzed. RESULTS: PrPC positive cells showed increased sphere formation capacity and increased expression of cancer stem cell markers compared to PrPC negative cells. In addition, PrPC positive cells showed increased migration, invasion and drug resistance compared to PrPC negative cells. Furthermore, knockdown of PrPC abolished these effects. CONCLUSION: PrPC expression is important in CRC cell behavior, such as sphere formation, migration, invasion, and drug resistance. PrPC is an important therapeutic target for the treatment of CRC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo/tratamento farmacológico , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fluoruracila/farmacologia , Proteínas Priônicas/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/genética , Colo/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo/genética , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Esferoides Celulares/efeitos dos fármacos
2.
Anticancer Res ; 40(9): 5191-5200, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878807

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Colorectal cancer is one of the most common malignancies worldwide. Small molecule-based chemotherapy is an attractive approach for the chemoprevention and treatment of colorectal cancer. Methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) is a natural organosulfur compound with anticancer properties, as revealed by studies on in vitro models of gingival, prostate, lung, hepatic, and breast cancer. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the effects of MSM in colon cancer cells remain unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Here, we investigated the effects of MSM, especially on the cell cycle arrest and apoptosis, in HT-29 cells. RESULTS: MSM suppressed the viability of HT-29 cells by inducing apoptosis and cell cycle arrest at the G0/G1 phase. MSM suppressed the sphere-forming ability and expression of stemness markers in HT-29 cells. CONCLUSION: MSM has anti-cancer effects on HT-29 cells, and induces cell cycle arrest and apoptosis, while suppressing the stemness potential.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Autorrenovação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Dimetil Sulfóxido/farmacologia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Sulfonas/farmacologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Células HT29 , Humanos , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Esferoides Celulares , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
3.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0235319, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32810173

RESUMO

Aberrant activation of the Wnt signalling pathway is required for tumour initiation and survival in the majority of colorectal cancers. The development of inhibitors of Wnt signalling has been the focus of multiple drug discovery programs targeting colorectal cancer and other malignancies associated with aberrant pathway activation. However, progression of new clinical entities targeting the Wnt pathway has been slow. One challenge lies with the limited predictive power of 2D cancer cell lines because they fail to fully recapitulate intratumoural phenotypic heterogeneity. In particular, the relationship between 2D cancer cell biology and cancer stem cell function is poorly understood. By contrast, 3D tumour organoids provide a platform in which complex cell-cell interactions can be studied. However, complex 3D models provide a challenging platform for the quantitative analysis of drug responses of therapies that have differential effects on tumour cell subpopulations. Here, we generated tumour organoids from colorectal cancer patients and tested their responses to inhibitors of Tankyrase (TNKSi) which are known to modulate Wnt signalling. Using compounds with 3 orders of magnitude difference in cellular mechanistic potency together with image-based assays, we demonstrate that morphometric analyses can capture subtle alterations in organoid responses to Wnt inhibitors that are consistent with activity against a cancer stem cell subpopulation. Overall our study highlights the value of phenotypic readouts as a quantitative method to asses drug-induced effects in a relevant preclinical model.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Organoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Tanquirases/antagonistas & inibidores , Adulto , Animais , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Inibidores Enzimáticos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos NOD , Camundongos SCID , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Organoides/patologia
4.
Life Sci ; 258: 118152, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32735881

RESUMO

AIMS: Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are the source of tumors and play a key role in the resistance of cancer to therapies. To improve the current therapies against CSCs, in this work we developed a novel system of electrospun polycaprolactone (PCL) nanofibers containing hydroxylated multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs-OH) and all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The nanofiber membranes were forged by electrospinning, and the physical and chemical properties of the nanofiber membranes were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy, XRD and Raman etc. The photothermal properties of nanofiber membranes and their effects on CSCs differentiation and cytotoxicity were investigated. Finally, the anti-tumor effect of nanofiber membranes in vivo was evaluated. KEY FINDINGS: The nanofibers formed under optimal conditions were smooth without beads. The nanofibrous membranes with MWCNTs-OH could increase temperature of the medium under near-infrared (NIR) illumination to suppress the viability of glioma stem cells (GSCs). Meanwhile, the added ATRA could further induce the differentiation of GSCs to destroy their stemness and reduce their resistance to heat treatment. Compared with no NIR irradiation, after 2min NIR irradiation, the membranes reduced the in-vitro viability of GSCs by 13.41%, 14.83%, and 26.71% after 1, 2, and 3 days, respectively. After 3 min daily illumination for 3 days, the viability of GSCs was only 22.75%, and similar results were observed in vivo. SIGNIFICANCE: These results showed efficiently cytotoxicity to CSCs by combining heat therapy and differentiation therapy. The nanofiber membranes if inserted at the site after surgical tumor removal, may hinder tumor recurrence.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/terapia , Glioma/terapia , Nanofibras/uso terapêutico , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Tretinoína/uso terapêutico , Animais , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos , Glioma/patologia , Humanos , Hipertermia Induzida/métodos , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Nanofibras/química , Nanotubos de Carbono/química , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Poliésteres/química , Poliésteres/uso terapêutico , Tretinoína/administração & dosagem
5.
Gene ; 759: 145001, 2020 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32738420

RESUMO

BACKROUND: CSCs having the common features of high telomerase activity and high migration and invasion capabilities play a vital role as the initiators of metastasis. Small molecule BIBR1532 has been shown to target cancer cells by inhibiting telomerase. Recent studies have suggested that telomerase activity is associated with epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT). EMT program, which causes epithelial cells to acquire a mesenchymal morphology, is known to play a significant role in cancer metastasis. METHODS: The hypothesis of our study was that suppression of telomerase in breast cancer and cancer stem cells would interrupt EMT mechanism. Cytotoxicity of BIBR1532 was evaluated using WST-1 assay in all cell lines and the effects of BIBR1532 on apoptosis were investigated with Annexin V. Migration rate of the cells was examined by wound healing assay and sphere forming capacities were observed by hanging drop test. Finally, the expression of 84 EMT-related genes was analyzed by real-time qPCR. RESULTS: The IC50 values for the MDA-MB-231 and breast epithelial stem cells of BIBR1532 were analyzed as 18.04 and 38.71 µl at 72 h, respectively. Interestingly, apoptosis was only induced in stem cells. In hanging drop test, sphere areas were reduced in stem cells treated with BIBR1532. In wound healing assay, BIBR1532 decreased the migration rate of stem cells. Together with this, expression of EMT-related genes were regulated in stem cells towards a epithelial phenotype. CONCLUSION: Our obtained results indicated that telomerase inhibition affects the EMT mechanism. The targeted elimination of breast cancer stem cells by a telomerase inhibitor in cancer treatment may limit the mobility and stemness of cancer cells interrupting the EMT mechanism, thus may prevent metastasis.


Assuntos
Aminobenzoatos/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Naftalenos/farmacologia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/fisiologia , Telomerase/antagonistas & inibidores
6.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 146(11): 2817-2828, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32712753

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most aggressive type of brain tumor and has poor survival outcomes, even after a combination of surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy. Temozolomide is the only agent that has been shown to be effective against GBM, suggesting that combination of temozolomide with other agents may be more effective. Niclosamide, an FDA approved anthelmintic agent, has shown anti-cancer effects against human colon, breast, prostate cancers as well as GBM. However, the efficacy of the combination of niclosamide with temozolomide against GBM tumorspheres (TSs) has not been determined. We hypothesized that the combined treatment could effectively suppress GBM TSs. METHODS: GBM TSs (TS15-88, GSC11) were treated with niclosamide and/or temozolomide. Combined effects of two drugs were evaluated by measuring viability, neurosphere formation, and 3D-invasion in collagen matrix. Transcriptional profiles of GBM TS were analyzed using RNA sequencing. In vivo anticancer efficacy of combined drugs was tested in a mouse orthotopic xenograft model. RESULTS: Combination treatment of niclosamide and temozolomide significantly inhibited the cell viability, stemness, and invasive properties of GBM TSs. This combined treatment significantly down-regulated the expression of epithelial mesenchymal transition-related markers, Zeb1, N-cadherin, and ß-catenin. The combined treatment also significantly decreased tumor growth in orthotopic xenograft models. CONCLUSION: The combination of niclosamide and temozolomide effectively decreased the stemness and invasive properties of GBM TSs, suggesting that this regimen may be therapeutically effective in treating patients with GBM.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Glioblastoma/patologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Camundongos , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Niclosamida/farmacologia , Temozolomida/farmacologia , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
7.
Yonsei Med J ; 61(7): 572-578, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32608200

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Wnt and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) are major molecular signaling pathways associated with the development and progression of tumor, as well as the maintenance and proliferation of cancer stem cells (CSCs), in colorectal cancer (CRC). Identifying patients at risk of poor prognosis is important to determining whether to add adjuvant treatment in stage II CRC and thus improve survival. In the present study, we evaluated the prognostic value of Wnt, mTOR, and CSC markers as survival predictors in stage II CRC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified 148 cases of stage II CRC and acquired their tumor tissue. Tissue microarrays for immunohistochemical staining were constructed, and the expressions of CD166, CD44, EphB2, ß-catenin, pS6 were evaluated using immunohistochemical staining. RESULTS: The expressions of CD166 (p=0.045) and pS6 (p=0.045) and co-expression of pS6/CD166 (p=0.005), pS6/CD44 (p=0.042), and pS6/CD44/CD166 (p=0.013) were negatively correlated with cancer-specific survival. Cox proportional hazard analysis showed the combination of CD166/pS6 [hazard ratio, 9.42; 95% confidence interval, 2.36-37.59; p=0.002] to be the most significant predictor related with decreased cancer-specific survival. In addition, co-expression of CD44/CD166 (p=0.017), CD166/ß-catenin (p=0.036), CD44/ß-catenin (p=0.001), and CD44/CD166/ß-catenin (p=0.001) were significant factors associated with liver metastasis. CONCLUSION: Specific combinations of CSC markers and ß-catenin/mTOR signaling could be a significant predictor of poor survival in stage II CRC.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Receptores de Hialuronatos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/transplante , Prognóstico , Transdução de Sinais , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/análise , beta Catenina
8.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3406, 2020 07 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32641768

RESUMO

Cancer stem cells are critical for cancer initiation, development, and treatment resistance. Our understanding of these processes, and how they relate to glioblastoma heterogeneity, is limited. To overcome these limitations, we performed single-cell RNA sequencing on 53586 adult glioblastoma cells and 22637 normal human fetal brain cells, and compared the lineage hierarchy of the developing human brain to the transcriptome of cancer cells. We find a conserved neural tri-lineage cancer hierarchy centered around glial progenitor-like cells. We also find that this progenitor population contains the majority of the cancer's cycling cells, and, using RNA velocity, is often the originator of the other cell types. Finally, we show that this hierarchal map can be used to identify therapeutic targets specific to progenitor cancer stem cells. Our analyses show that normal brain development reconciles glioblastoma development, suggests a possible origin for glioblastoma hierarchy, and helps to identify cancer stem cell-specific targets.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Glioblastoma/genética , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Análise de Sequência de RNA/métodos , Transcriptoma/genética , Adulto , Animais , Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/farmacologia , Encéfalo/embriologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/terapia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/genética , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Feto , Glioblastoma/patologia , Glioblastoma/terapia , Humanos , Camundongos Endogâmicos NOD , Camundongos SCID , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Análise de Célula Única/métodos , Temozolomida/farmacologia , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto/métodos
9.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 4063-4078, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32606664

RESUMO

Background: Among various theories for the origin of cancer, the "stemness phenotype model" suggests a dynamic feature for tumor cells in which non-cancer stem cells (non-CSCs) can inter-convert to CSCs. Differentiation with histone-deacetylase inhibitor, vorinostat (SAHA), can induce stem cells to differentiate as well as enforces non-CSCs to reprogram to CSCs. To avoid this undesirable effect, one can block the Wnt-ßcatenin pathway. Thus, a dual delivery system of SAHA and a Wnt-ßcatenin blocker will be beneficial in the induction of differentiation of CSCs. Protein corona (PC) formation in nanoparticle has a biologic milieu, and despite all problematic properties, it can be employed as a medium for dual loading of the drugs. Materials and Methods: We prepared sphere gold nanoparticles (GNPs) with human plasma protein corona loaded with SAHA as differentiating agent and PKF118-310 (PKF) as a Wnt-ßcatenin antagonist. The MCF7 breast cancer stem cells were treated with NPs and the viability and differentiation were evaluated by Western blotting and sphere formation assay. Results: We found that both drugs loaded onto corona-capped GNPs had significant cytotoxicity in comparison to bare GNP-corona. Data demonstrated an increase in stem cell population and upregulation of mesenchymal marker, Snail by SAHA-loaded GNPs treatment; however, the combination of PKF loaded GNPs along with SAHA-loaded GNPs resulted in a reduction of stem cell populations and Snail marker. We have shown that in MCF7 and its CSCs simultaneous treatment with SAHA and PKF118-310 induced differentiation and inhibition of Snail induction. Conclusion: Our study reveals the PC-coated GNPs as a biocompatible career for both hydrophilic (PKF) and hydrophobic (SAHA) agents which can decrease breast cancer stem cell populations along with reduced stemness state regression.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Carcinogênese/patologia , Ouro/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Coroa de Proteína/química , Vorinostat/farmacologia , Proteínas Wnt/antagonistas & inibidores , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Endocitose/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases/farmacologia , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Nanosferas/química , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta , Proteínas Wnt/metabolismo , beta Catenina/antagonistas & inibidores , beta Catenina/metabolismo
10.
Life Sci ; 257: 118078, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32663577

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the modulatory role of sex-related hormone estradiol on cancer stem cells with the origin of colorectal adenocarcinoma in vitro. Cancer stem cells were incubated with 100 nM estradiol for 48 h. The cell survival rate was analyzed using the MTT assay. Immunocytochemistry staining of Ki-67 and Inhibin and Apoptosis PCR array were done to measure proliferation/apoptosis. Cell migration was monitored via the Transwell Migration assay. The expression of exosome biogenesis genes was measured using a real-time PCR assay. The fatty acid profile was monitored using gas chromatography. The level of FAK, SQSTM1, ER, and SIRT1 was examined using Western blotting. Cancer stem-endothelial cell interaction was investigated using Surface Plasmon Resonance assay. Data showed no significant differences in cancer stem cell viability and proliferation between control and estradiol-treated groups (p>0.05). PCR array highlighted the up-regulation of both pro- and anti-apoptosis effectors in the treatment group compared to the control cells (p<0.05). Cell migration capacity was increased after treatment with estradiol (p<0.001). Both exocytosis and exosome biogenesis were decreased in cancer stem cells exposed to estradiol (p<0.05). Data showed the reduction of palmitic acid, and increase of Palmitoleic and Linolenic acids in estradiol-treated cells. Estrogen induced estrogen receptor, SQSTM1 proteins and decreased SIRT1 factor after 48 h. Surface Plasmon Resonance revealed the suppression of cancer stem-endothelial cell interaction and affinity. Estradiol could change the migration, juxtacrine and paracrine activities of cancer stem cells, showing the importance of sex-related hormones in the dynamic of cancer development.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Estradiol/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/fisiologia , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/fisiologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/fisiologia , Estradiol/farmacologia , Células HT29 , Humanos , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptores Estrogênicos/metabolismo
11.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1207: 301-313, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32671756

RESUMO

Autophagy is critical for the survival and stemness maintenance of cancer stem cells (CSCs) and is an enhancer of CSC tumorigenesis. At the same time, autophagy contributes to conditions optimal for facilitating the invasion and metastasis of CSCs. Moreover, autophagy induces the dormant state of CSCs to help them resist the cytotoxic effects of chemotherapy and radiotherapy, thereby improving the likelihood of their survival. The combination of autophagy inhibitors with specific drugs targeting specific CSC subpopulations is expected to act specifically on CSCs and produce fewer toxic side effects on normal tissues. This in-depth study is very timely and important for further identifying the potential role of autophagy in different states of CSCs and places a particular emphasis on exploring molecular mechanisms in the regulation of autophagy via advanced techniques based on molecular biology.


Assuntos
Autofagia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Autofagia/efeitos da radiação , Humanos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/patologia , Neoplasias/radioterapia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/efeitos da radiação
12.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0235852, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32628717

RESUMO

The medulloblastoma (MB) microenvironment is diverse, and cell-cell interactions within this milieu is of prime importance. Astrocytes, a major component of the microenvironment, have been shown to impact primary tumor cell phenotypes and metastasis. Based on proximity of MB cells and astrocytes in the brain microenvironment, we investigated whether astrocytes may influence MB cell phenotypes directly. Astrocyte conditioned media (ACM) increased Daoy MB cell invasion, adhesion, and in vivo cellular protrusion formation. ACM conditioning of MB cells also increased CD133 surface expression, a key cancer stem cell marker of MB. Additional neural stem cell markers, Nestin and Oct-4A, were also increased by ACM conditioning, as well as neurosphere formation. By knocking down CD133 using short interfering RNA (siRNA), we showed that ACM upregulated CD133 expression in MB plays an important role in invasion, adhesion and neurosphere formation. Collectively, our data suggests that astrocytes influence MB cell phenotypes by regulating CD133 expression, a key protein with defined roles in MB tumorgenicity and survival.


Assuntos
Antígeno AC133/genética , Astrócitos/metabolismo , Meduloblastoma/metabolismo , Fenótipo , Antígeno AC133/metabolismo , Animais , Adesão Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Células Cultivadas , Meios de Cultivo Condicionados , Humanos , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/fisiologia , Nestina/genética , Nestina/metabolismo , Fator 3 de Transcrição de Octâmero/genética , Fator 3 de Transcrição de Octâmero/metabolismo , Microambiente Tumoral , Peixe-Zebra
13.
Adv Cancer Res ; 147: 161-188, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32593400

RESUMO

The Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) is frequently expressed at elevated levels in different forms of cancer and expression often correlates positively with cancer progression and poor prognosis. Different mutant forms of this protein also contribute to cancer heterogeneity. A constitutively active form of EGFR, EGFRvIII is one of the most important variants. EGFR is responsible for the maintenance and functions of cancer stem cells (CSCs), including stemness, metabolism, immunomodulatory-activity, dormancy and therapy-resistance. EGFR regulates these pathways through several signaling cascades, and often cooperates with other RTKs to exert further control. Inhibitors of EGFR have been extensively studied and display some anticancer efficacy. However, CSCs can also acquire resistance to EGFR inhibitors making effective therapy even more difficult. To ameliorate this limitation of EGFR inhibitors when used as single agents, it may be of value to simultaneously combine multiple EGFR inhibitors or use EGFR inhibitors with regulators of other important cancer phenotype regulating molecules, such as STAT3, or involved in important processes such as DNA repair. These combinatorial approaches require further experimental confirmation, but if successful would expand and improve therapeutic outcomes employing EGFR inhibitors as one arm of the therapy.


Assuntos
Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Receptores ErbB/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Neoplasias/enzimologia , Neoplasias/patologia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/enzimologia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Animais , Progressão da Doença , Receptores ErbB/genética , Humanos , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Mutação , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/genética , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Fosforilação , Transdução de Sinais
14.
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol ; 401: 115112, 2020 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32540278

RESUMO

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) accounts for recurrence and resistance to chemotherapy in various tumors. Efficacy of chemotherapeutic drugs is limited by tumor stromal barriers, which hinder their penetration into deep tumor sites. We have earlier shown telmisartan (Tel) pretreatment prior to Docetaxel (DTX) administration enhances anti-cancer effects in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Herein, we demonstrated for the first time the efficacy of Docetaxel liposomes (DTXPL) in combination with Tel in 3D cultures of H460 cells by using polysaccharide-based hydrogels (TheWell Biosciences) and also in xenograft model of DTX resistant H460 derived CD133+ lung tumors. DTXPL and Tel combination showed enhanced cytotoxicity in H460 WT 3D cultures by two folds. In H460 3D cultures, Tel pretreatment showed increased liposomal uptake. DTXPL and Tel combination treated tumors showed reduction in tumor volume (p < .001), increased apoptosis and downregulation of CSC markers (p < .01) in H460 WT and DTX resistant CD133+ xenograft models.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Docetaxel/administração & dosagem , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Telmisartan/administração & dosagem , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto/métodos , Animais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Técnicas de Cultura de Células , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Humanos , Lipossomos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo
15.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 53(7): e9230, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32520208

RESUMO

As a top leading cause of cancer death in many countries, colorectal cancer (CRC) has drawn increasing attention to the study of the pathological mechanism. According to the "cancer stem cell hypothesis", malignancies originate from a small fraction of cancer cells that show self-renewal properties to initiate and sustain tumor growth and tumor metastasis. Therefore, these cancer stem cells (CSC) probably play important roles in tumor recurrence, metastasis, and drug resistance. Previous research reported that lysine-specific histone demethylase 1 (LSD1) maintains cancer stemness through up-regulating stemness markers SOX2 and OCT4. CD133 is believed to be the most robust surface marker for CRC stem cells, however the regulatory effect of LSD1 on stemness of CD133+ CRC has never been reported. In this study, our objectives included: 1) to isolate pure CD133+ and CD133- cells from SW620 cell line; 2) to investigate the effect of LSD1 on the characteristics of CD133+ stem cancer cells by knocking down the target gene. Results suggested that the SW620 cell line had both CD133+ and CD133- subsets. The CD133+ subset exhibited more CSC-like characteristics compared with the CD133- subset with higher viability, colony formation rate, migration and invasion rate, resistance to anti-cancer drugs, and apoptosis in vitro. The CD133+ also induced faster tumor formation and larger tumors in vivo. In the LSD1-knockdown CD133+ cells, the CSC-like characteristics had been all weakened. We conclude that LSD1 was important for CSCs to maintain their "stemness" features, which could be a potential therapeutic target of CRC.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Histona Desmetilases/farmacologia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Western Blotting , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ensaio de Unidades Formadoras de Colônias , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Camundongos , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo
16.
Life Sci ; 253: 117675, 2020 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32360621

RESUMO

AIMS: Gliomas are responsible for the majority of deaths from primary brain tumours. Sevoflurane showed inhibition effects on the tumor progression in vitro. However, whether sevoflurane could affect the stemness of glioma stem cells (GSCs) and the potential molecular mechanism have not been well elucidated. MAIN METHODS: Effects of sevoflurane on cell viability, proliferation and invasion ability of glioma cells as well as tumor growth in vivo were assessed. Sphere formation assay was performed to evaluate the effect of sevoflurane on the stemness of GSCs. Effects of sevoflurane on mitochondrial function was evaluated by intracellular/mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) level and mitochondrial membrane potential. Expression levels of proliferation-related proteins, stemness markers and proteins in CaMKII/JNK cascade were measured by Western blot. KEY FINDINGS: Sevoflurane inhibited the viability, proliferation and invasion ability of glioma cells (U87MG and U373MG). Western blot showed that sevoflurane decreased the expression levels of proliferation and invasion-related proteins. Sphere formation ability of GSCs, expression levels of stemness markers and mitochondrial function were significantly suppressed by sevoflurane. Moreover, sevoflurane treatment significantly increased the Ca2+ concentration and stimulated phosphorylation of CaMKII, JNK and IRS1. Ca2+ chelator BAPTA-AM combined with sevoflurane synergistically inhibited colony forming ability and the expression levels of proliferation-related proteins and stemness markers. In addition, the in vivo study further confirmed that sevoflurane inhibited tumor growth via Ca2+-dependent CaMKII/JNK cascade. SIGNIFICANCE: The present study demonstrated that sevoflurane inhibited glioma tumorigenesis and modulated the cancer stem cell-like properties and mitochondrial membrane potential via activation of Ca2+-dependent CaMKII/JNK cascade.


Assuntos
Proteína Quinase Tipo 2 Dependente de Cálcio-Calmodulina/metabolismo , MAP Quinase Quinase 4/metabolismo , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Sevoflurano/metabolismo , Sevoflurano/farmacologia , Animais , Cálcio/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/efeitos dos fármacos , Quelantes/metabolismo , Ácido Egtázico/análogos & derivados , Ácido Egtázico/metabolismo , Glioma , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Fosforilação , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
17.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 2089, 2020 04 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32350277

RESUMO

The role of dysregulation of mRNA alternative splicing (AS) in the development and progression of solid tumors remains to be defined. Here we describe the first comprehensive AS landscape in the spectrum of human prostate cancer (PCa) evolution. We find that the severity of splicing dysregulation correlates with disease progression and establish intron retention as a hallmark of PCa stemness and aggressiveness. Systematic interrogation of 274 splicing-regulatory genes (SRGs) uncovers prevalent genomic copy number variations (CNVs), leading to mis-expression of ~68% of SRGs during PCa development and progression. Consequently, many SRGs are prognostic. Surprisingly, androgen receptor controls a splicing program distinct from its transcriptional regulation. The spliceosome modulator, E7107, reverses cancer aggressiveness and inhibits castration-resistant PCa (CRPC) in xenograft and autochthonous PCa models. Altogether, our studies establish aberrant AS landscape caused by dysregulated SRGs as a hallmark of PCa aggressiveness and the spliceosome as a therapeutic vulnerability for CRPC.


Assuntos
Íntrons/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Spliceossomos/metabolismo , Processamento Alternativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Processamento Alternativo/genética , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/genética , Estudos de Coortes , Progressão da Doença , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Compostos de Epóxi/farmacologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Macrolídeos/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Invasividade Neoplásica , Metástase Neoplásica , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Prognóstico , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/genética , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/patologia , Transcrição Genética/efeitos dos fármacos
18.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 1750, 2020 04 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32273504

RESUMO

Intermittent androgen deprivation therapy (IADT) is an attractive treatment for biochemically recurrent prostate cancer (PCa), whereby cycling treatment on and off can reduce cumulative dose and limit toxicities. We simulate prostate-specific antigen (PSA) dynamics, with enrichment of PCa stem-like cell (PCaSC) during treatment as a plausible mechanism of resistance evolution. Simulated PCaSC proliferation patterns correlate with longitudinal serum PSA measurements in 70 PCa patients. Learning dynamics from each treatment cycle in a leave-one-out study, model simulations predict patient-specific evolution of resistance with an overall accuracy of 89% (sensitivity = 73%, specificity = 91%). Previous studies have shown a benefit of concurrent therapies with ADT in both low- and high-volume metastatic hormone-sensitive PCa. Model simulations based on response dynamics from the first IADT cycle identify patients who would benefit from concurrent docetaxel, demonstrating the feasibility and potential value of adaptive clinical trials guided by patient-specific mathematical models of intratumoral evolutionary dynamics.


Assuntos
Antagonistas de Androgênios/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Antígeno Prostático Específico/sangue , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico , Algoritmos , Docetaxel/administração & dosagem , Esquema de Medicação , Humanos , Cinética , Masculino , Modelos Teóricos , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Feniltioidantoína/administração & dosagem , Feniltioidantoína/análogos & derivados , Prognóstico , Neoplasias da Próstata/sangue , Tioidantoínas/administração & dosagem , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 1830, 2020 04 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32286350

RESUMO

A synthetic biology method based on heterologous biosynthesis coupled with genome mining is a promising approach for increasing the opportunities to rationally access natural product with novel structures and biological activities through total biosynthesis and combinatorial biosynthesis. Here, we demonstrate the advantage of the synthetic biology method to explore biological activity-related chemical space through the comprehensive heterologous biosynthesis of fungal decalin-containing diterpenoid pyrones (DDPs). Genome mining reveals putative DDP biosynthetic gene clusters distributed in five fungal genera. In addition, we design extended DDP pathways by combinatorial biosynthesis. In total, ten DDP pathways, including five native pathways, four extended pathways and one shunt pathway, are heterologously reconstituted in a genetically tractable heterologous host, Aspergillus oryzae, resulting in the production of 22 DDPs, including 15 new analogues. We also demonstrate the advantage of expanding the diversity of DDPs to probe various bioactive molecules through a wide range of biological evaluations.


Assuntos
Diterpenos/farmacologia , Fungos/química , Naftalenos/farmacologia , Pironas/farmacologia , Biologia Sintética , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo , Animais , Fármacos Anti-HIV/farmacologia , Aspergillus/química , Vias Biossintéticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Vias Biossintéticas/genética , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Diterpenos/química , Drosophila/efeitos dos fármacos , Fungos/genética , Genoma Fúngico , HIV-1/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Naftalenos/química , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Agregados Proteicos , Pironas/química , Esferoides Celulares/efeitos dos fármacos , Esferoides Celulares/metabolismo , Esferoides Celulares/patologia , Estereoisomerismo
20.
Cancer Immunol Immunother ; 69(8): 1477-1492, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32285172

RESUMO

The interactions between tumor immune microenvironment (TIME) and pancreatic cancer cells can affect chemotherapeutic efficacy; however, the mechanisms still remain largely unknown. Thirty items in TIME were comprehensively screened by using tissue microarray from pancreatic cancer patients. Their expressions, interconnections and predictive roles for survival were analyzed. Twenty-one of 30 items could stratify the survival of the patients; however, multivariate analysis found that only 5 independent risk factors could predict worse survival (M2-polarized tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), IgG4 positive cells, TGF-ß1, GM-CSF and lymphangiogenesis). They had a much higher expression levels in tumoral tissue, compared to peritumoral tissue. The Spearman analysis showed that M2-polarized TAM, TGF-ß1 and GM-CSF were positively correlated with pancreatic cancer stem cells (PCSC), angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis. Both human and murine pancreatic cancer cells could induce M2-polarized TAM, which showed substantial roles to decease chemotherapeutic effects. After treated by gemcitabine, both human and murine pancreatic cancer cell lines expressed higher level of immune check points, PCSC markers and varieties of immunosuppressive factors; however, TGF-ß1 and GM-CSF had the highest increase. Based on the above results, TGF-ß1 and GM-CSF were proposed to be the optimal potential targets to improve chemotherapeutic effects. In immunocompetent murine models, we demonstrated that combined blockade of TGF-ß1 and GM-CSF improved the chemotherapeutic effects by inhibition of M2-polarized TAM and induction of CD8 positive T cells. This study presents a novel promising combined strategy to improve the chemotherapeutic effects for pancreatic cancer.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/tratamento farmacológico , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos e Macrófagos/antagonistas & inibidores , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/antagonistas & inibidores , Microambiente Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/metabolismo , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/patologia , Proliferação de Células , Estudos de Coortes , Desoxicitidina/farmacologia , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos e Macrófagos/metabolismo , Humanos , Linfangiogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Neovascularização Patológica/tratamento farmacológico , Neovascularização Patológica/metabolismo , Neovascularização Patológica/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA