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1.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 21(7): 776-780, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33020362

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the ability of osteogenic culture media in comparison with regular growth culture media in enhancing the osteoblastic cell differentiation of human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In vitro cultures of commercially obtained hPDLSCs were seeded onto xenograft bone blocks in both regular and osteogenic media. Confocal laser microscope images were obtained for cellular differentiation and adhesion, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images were obtained to validate the osteogenic differentiation by showing the morphological characteristics of the newly formed cells. RESULTS: Confocal laser microscope analysis showed positive staining for new bone cells with an increased signal intensity when samples were cultured in osteogenic culture media compared with regular culture media. These findings indicate the effect of the active ingredients of the osteogenic culture media in enhancing the osteogenic differentiation hPDLSC. Scanning electron microscopy images validated the osteogenic differentiation showing a flattened, polygonal morphology with multiple extending cytoplasmic processes of new cells. CONCLUSION: Xenograft bone blocks are biocompatible scaffold for the osteogenic differentiation of seeded hPDLSCs. Osteogenic culture media enhances and increases the osteogenic differentiation of hPDLSCs into new bone cells more than regular growth culture media. Periodontal ligament stem cells are a predictable biological input as a cell-based tissue-engineered construct and biologically acceptable when it is cultured in a suitable growth media that mimics the intended environment. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Consideration of the clinical use of equine bone blocks and periodontal ligament stem cells in a suitable biological environment as a potential new option for bone regeneration techniques.


Assuntos
Osteogênese , Ligamento Periodontal , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Meios de Cultura , Cavalos , Humanos , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Células-Tronco
2.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 29(3): 225-230, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33043336

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of exendin-4(EX-4) on proliferation, migration and osteogenic differentiation of human periodontal ligament stem cells(PDLSCs). METHODS: PDLSCs were isolated and cultured using limited dilution method in vitro. Colony formation assay, osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation were applied to identify the stem cells. Immunofluorescence staining was used to detect the expression of EX-4 receptor glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) on the surface of PDLSCs. PDLSCs were stimulated with 5, 10, 20 or 50 nmol/L EX-4 in vitro. CCK-8, Transwell assay and alkaline phosphatase(ALP) activity assay were used to determine the effects of EX-4 on PDLSCs proliferation, migration and osteogenic differentiation. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to determine the expression of osteogenic related genes ALP, runt-related transcription factor 2(Runx2) and osteocalcin (OCN). The data were analyzed by Graphpad Prims 6.0 software package. RESULTS: PDLSCs were successfully isolated and cultivated. GLP-1R positively expressed on the surface of PDLSCs. EX-4 exerted no significant effect on PDLSCs proliferation(P>0.05). EX-4 significantly promoted migration, ALP activity and osteogenic related genes expression of PDLSCs (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: 10 nmol/L EX-4 could promote migration and osteogenic differentiation of PDLSCs.


Assuntos
Exenatida , Ligamento Periodontal , Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Exenatida/farmacologia , Humanos , Osteogênese , Células-Tronco
3.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 34(10): 1305-1312, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33063498

RESUMO

Objective: To explored the effect of stromal cell-derived factor 1α (SDF-1α) on promoting the migration ability of rat adipose derived stem cells (rADSCs) by constructed the rADSCs overexpression SDF-1α via adenovirus transfection. Methods: rADSCs were isolated from adipose tissue of 6-week-old SPF Sprague Dawley rats. Morphological observation, multi-directional differentiations (osteogenic, adipogenic, and chondrogenic inductions), and flow cytometry identification were performed. Transwell cell migration experiment was used to observe and screen the optimal concentration of exogenous SDF-1α to optimize the migration ability of rADSCs; the optimal multiplicity of infection (MOI) of rADSCs was screened by observing the cell status and fluorescence expression after transfection. Then the third generation of rADSCs were divided into 4 groups: group A was pure rADSCs; group B was rADSCs co-cultured with SDF-1α at the best concentration; group C was rADSCs infected with recombinant adenovirus-mediated green fluorescent protein (Adv-GFP) with the best MOI; group D was rADSCs infected with Adv-GFP-SDF-1α overexpression adenovirus with the best MOI. Cell counting kit 8 (CCK-8) and Transwell cell migration experiment were preformed to detect and compare the effect of exogenous SDF-1α and SDF-1α overexpression on the proliferation and migration ability of rADSCs. Results: The cell morphology, multi-directional differentiations, and flow cytometry identification showed that the cultured cells were rADSCs. After screening, the optimal stimulating concentration of exogenous SDF-1α was 12.5 nmol/L; the optimal MOI of Adv-GFP adenovirus was 200; the optimal MOI of Adv-GFP-SDF-1α overexpression adenovirus was 400. CCK-8 method and Transwell cell migration experiment showed that compared with groups A and C, groups B and D could significantly improve the proliferation and migration of rADSCs ( P<0.05); the effect of group D on enhancing the migration of rADSCs was weaker than that of group B, but the effect of promoting the proliferation of rADSCs was stronger than that of group D ( P<0.05). Conclusion: SDF-1α overexpression modification on rADSCs can significantly promote the proliferation and migration ability, which may be a potential method to optimize the application of ADSCs in tissue regeneration and wound repair.


Assuntos
Adipócitos , Quimiocina CXCL12 , Animais , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Células-Tronco , Células Estromais
4.
Chin J Dent Res ; 23(3): 169-176, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32974616

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of Sirtuin 7 (SIRT7) on the gene expression profile of stem cells from the apical papilla (SCAPs). METHODS: SCAPs were isolated and cultured. SIRT7 short hairpin ribonucleic acid (shRNA) was used to knock down the expression of SIRT7 in SCAPs. After library construction and RNA sequencing (RNA-seq), differentially expressed genes were identified using Cuffdiff with a false discovery rate (FDR) ≤ 0.05 and fold change ≥ 2. Pathway and Gene Ontology (GO) analyses were conducted to elucidate the changes in important functions and pathways after SIRT7 gene knockdown. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) was performed and enrichment of a gene set with an FDR lower than 0.25 was considered significant. RESULTS: The most striking GO terms related to SIRT7sh SCAPs and Consh SCAPs were response to nucleus, nucleolus, cytoplasm, protein binding and intrinsic apoptotic signalling pathway. Signalling pathway analysis revealed the top five pathways to be metabolic, pyrimidine metabolism, protein processing in endoplasmic reticulum, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt) signalling and p53 signalling. The results of GSEA showed that genes were mainly enriched in cell cycle, cell proliferation, transforming growth factor beta (TGF-ß) signalling and cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction pathways. CONCLUSION: SIRT7 may affect the functions of SCAPs through cell cycle, cell proliferation and apoptosis pathways.


Assuntos
Papila Dentária , RNA Longo não Codificante , Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células/genética , Células Cultivadas , Osteogênese , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Sirtuínas , Células-Tronco
5.
Chin J Dent Res ; 23(3): 177-182, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32974617

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of microbiota in dentine formation and the characteristics of dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) in mouse incisors. METHODS: The influence of microbiota on dentine was detected via microcomputed tomography (microCT), microhardness testing and haematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining in incisors from germ-free (GF), specific pathogen-free (SPF) and conventionalised (ConvD) mice. Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, alizarin red staining and expression of dentine sialophosphoprotein (DSPP), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and bone sialoprotein (BSP) via real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were used to evaluate the biological characteristics of DPSCs derived from mice of different microbiota status. RESULTS: MicroCT showed that the incisors in the GF and ConvD groups had comparable dentine thickness to those in the SPF group. Microhardness testing showed a lower dentine hardness value in GF incisors compared to SPF, while HE staining showed that GF incisors exhibited thicker predentine than SPF incisors. There was no difference between the ConvD and SPF groups. DPSCs from GF mice showed no significant difference in proliferation rate to SPF and ConvD DPSCs. DPSCs from GF mice formed less mineral deposition and expressed lower levels of osteo-/odontogenic differentiation-related genes including ALP, BSP and DSPP than SPF and ConvD DPSCs. The absence of microbiota in GF mice resulted in a lower dentine hardness value, thicker predentine and impaired osteo-/odontogenic differentiation capacity. CONCLUSION: The absence of microbiota impaired the dentine mineralisation and osteo-/odontogenic differentiation abilities of DPSCs.


Assuntos
Polpa Dentária , Microbiota , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Dentina , Camundongos , Células-Tronco , Microtomografia por Raio-X
6.
J Endod ; 46(9S): S56-S62, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32950196

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The maintenance of a stem cell pool is imperative to enable healing processes in the dental pulp tissue throughout life. As such, knowing mechanisms underlying stem cell self-renewal is critical to understand pulp pathophysiology and pulp regeneration. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of stem cell factor (SCF) signaling through its receptor tyrosine kinase (c-Kit) on the self-renewal of human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs). METHODS: The hDPSCs were stably transduced with lentiviral vectors expressing shRNA-c-Kit or vector control. The impact of the SCF/c-Kit axis on hDPSC self-renewal was evaluated by using a pulpsphere assay in low attachment conditions and by evaluating the expression of polycomb complex protein Bmi-1 (master regulator of self-renewal) by Western blot and flow cytometry. RESULTS: The c-Kit-silenced hDPSCs formed fewer pulpspheres when compared with hDPSCs transduced with control vector (P < .05). Evaluation of pulpsphere morphology revealed the presence of 3 distinct sphere types, ie, holospheres, merospheres, and paraspheres. Although c-Kit silencing decreased the number of holospheres compared with control cells (P < .05), it had no effect on the number of merospheres and paraspheres. Recombinant human stem cell factor (rhSCF) increased the number of holospheres (P < .05) and induced dose-dependent Bmi-1 expression in hDPSCs. As expected, the inductive capacity of rhSCF on Bmi-1 expression and fraction of Bmi-1-positive cells was inhibited when we silenced c-Kit in hDPSCs. CONCLUSIONS: These results unveiled the role of SCF/c-Kit signaling on the self-renewal of hDPSCs and suggested that this pathway enables long-term maintenance of stem cell pools in human dental pulps.


Assuntos
Polpa Dentária , Células-Tronco , Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Transdução de Sinais
7.
J Endod ; 46(9S): S128-S134, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32950184

RESUMO

Stem cell-mediated regenerative endodontics has reached the human clinical trial phase; however, many issues still exist that prevent such technology to be a widely used clinical practice. These issues are not straightforward and are complicated. They should be because pulp regeneration is dealing with a small dead-end space. In addition, when regeneration is needed, the space is often heavily infected. The true standard of pulp regeneration should be everything except generation of some fibrous connective tissue and amorphous mineral deposit. As of now, we are still far short of reaching the standard of complete vascularized and innervated pulp regeneration with newly formed tubular dentin in all types of teeth. Thus, we need to go back to the bench and use established animal models or create new animal models to tackle those issues. This article will address several key issues including the possibility of pulp regeneration in small canals of molar teeth by enhancing the neovascularization, and whether the organized tubular dentin can be generated on the canal walls. Data from our semi-orthotopic tooth fragment mouse model have shown that complete pulp regeneration using dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) in small canal has been inconsistent because of limited blood supply. This inconsistency is similar in our orthotopic miniature swine model, although in some cases vascularized pulp-like tissue can be formed throughout the canal space after DPSC transplantation. Furthermore, no tubular dentin was observed in the orthotopic pulp regeneration, despite the fact that DPSCs have the capacity to generate some tubular dentin-like structure in the hydroxyapatite/tricalcium phosphate-mediated ectopic pulp/dentin formation model in mice. Potential strategies to be tested to address these regeneration issues are discussed herein.


Assuntos
Dentina , Regeneração , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Polpa Dentária , Humanos , Camundongos , Células-Tronco , Suínos , Engenharia Tecidual , Tecidos Suporte
8.
J Endod ; 46(9S): S143-S149, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32950186

RESUMO

In past years, both cell transplantation and cell homing have been explored for dental pulp tissue engineering. Sufficient evidence shows that after cell transplantation, the regeneration of a functional dentin-pulp complex is possible. A new milestone was reached recently. The concept has now been evaluated in clinical studies. However, the approach is afflicted with high efforts and operating expenses; thus cell homing might be a viable alternative. In this article, the latest developments on the recruitment of resident stem cells by dentin-derived growth factors in injectable fibrin-based scaffold materials will be discussed.


Assuntos
Polpa Dentária , Engenharia Tecidual , Dentina , Regeneração , Células-Tronco , Tecidos Suporte
9.
J Endod ; 46(9S): S42-S45, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32950194

RESUMO

AIM: This article seeks to provide a historical perspective on the development of the pulp biology and regeneration research field, especially through the activities of the International Association for Dental Research Pulp Biology and Regeneration research group, and to identify the importance of technological advances for both past and future directions of this research field. RESULTS/DISCUSSION: Key questions needing to be addressed in this field (relating to stem cells, bacterial challenges, progression and control of inflammation, and the specificity of dentinogenic responses during regeneration) to facilitate significant progress are also considered.


Assuntos
Polpa Dentária , Células-Tronco , Regeneração
10.
J Endod ; 46(9S): S46-S55, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32950195

RESUMO

Postnatal stem cells critically maintain tissue homeostasis and possess immense potential for tissue regeneration. These stem cells in the orofacial system were not identified until early 2000s when they were first found in the dental pulp and termed dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs). Isolated from either permanent or deciduous teeth, DPSCs were characterized to be highly clonogenic with multidifferentiation and neurovascular properties. Subsequent studies suggested that the origin of DPSCs may be associated with neural crest-derived cells and localized adjacent to neurovascular bundles as indicated by specific surface markers. DPSCs serve as key contributors to pulp homeostasis and injury repair. Mechanistic studies have revealed a fine-tuning regulatory network composed of both extrinsic and intrinsic factors that orchestrate fates of DPSCs. These findings have shaped our understanding of their biological nature as niche responsive progenitors. As we explore the potential of DPSCs in pulp regeneration, preclinical studies have developed diverse DPSC transplantation-based strategies, among which preconditioned DPSCs and DPSC aggregates have shown particular promise. Confirmed by recent clinical advances, DPSC transplantation after pulpectomy has successfully rebuilt the physiological pulp structure in situ functionalized with neurovascularization, indicating a novel regenerative approach for treating pulp diseases. Here, we summarized the 20-year golden journey on DPSCs from the unprecedented discovery to current clinical breakthroughs, while also suggesting future directions and challenges regarding expansion of regenerative applications and evaluation of in vivo DPSCs in diseases and therapies. The historical perspective of this field will provide a blueprint for the stem cell research and enlighten principles for de novo organ regeneration.


Assuntos
Polpa Dentária , Células-Tronco , Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células , Regeneração
11.
J Endod ; 46(9S): S63-S70, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32950197

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Incorporating fully assembled microvascular networks into bioengineered dental pulp constructs can significantly enhance functional blood flow and tissue survival upon transplantation. Endothelial cells (ECs), cellular building blocks of vascular tissue, play an essential role in the process of prevascularization. However, obtaining sufficient ECs from a suitable source for translational application is challenging. Dental stem cells (DSCs), which exhibit a robust proliferative ability and immunocompatibility because of their autologous origin, could be a promising alternative cell source for the derivation of endothelial lineages. Under specific culture conditions, DSCs differentiate into osteo/odontogenic, adipogenic, chondrogenic, and neurogenic cell lineages. METHODS: Recently, a new approach has been developed to directly reprogram cells using chemical cocktails and growth factors. Compared with the traditional reprogramming approach based on the forced expression of exogenous transcription factors, the chemical strategy avoids the risk associated with lentiviral transduction while offering a more viable methodology to drive cell lineage switch. The aim of this review was to unveil the concept of the use of small-molecule compounds and growth factors modulating key signaling pathways to derive ECs from DSCs. RESULTS: In addition, our preliminary study showed that stem cells from the apical papilla could be induced into EC-like cells using small-molecule compounds and growth factors. These EC-like cells expressed endothelial specific genes (CD31 and VEGFR2) and proteins (CD31, VEGF receptor 2, and vascular endothelial cadherin) as well as gave rise to vessel-like tubular structures in vitro. CONCLUSIONS: Our preliminary results suggest that chemical reprogramming might offer a novel way to generate EC-like cells from dental stem cells.


Assuntos
Células Endoteliais , Células-Tronco , Diferenciação Celular , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular , Odontogênese
12.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4681, 2020 09 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32943626

RESUMO

Although advanced lipidomics technology facilitates quantitation of intracellular lipid components, little is known about the regulation of lipid metabolism in cancer cells. Here, we show that disruption of the Gdpd3 gene encoding a lysophospholipase D enzyme significantly decreased self-renewal capacity in murine chronic myelogenous leukaemia (CML) stem cells in vivo. Sophisticated lipidomics analyses revealed that Gdpd3 deficiency reduced levels of certain lysophosphatidic acids (LPAs) and lipid mediators in CML cells. Loss of Gdpd3 also activated AKT/mTORC1 signalling and cell cycle progression while suppressing Foxo3a/ß-catenin interaction within CML stem cell nuclei. Strikingly, CML stem cells carrying a hypomorphic mutation of Lgr4/Gpr48, which encodes a leucine-rich repeat (LRR)-containing G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR) acting downstream of Gdpd3, displayed inadequate disease-initiating capacity in vivo. Our data showing that lysophospholipid metabolism is required for CML stem cell maintenance in vivo establish a new, biologically significant mechanism of cancer recurrence that is independent of oncogene addiction.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/metabolismo , Diester Fosfórico Hidrolases/metabolismo , Células-Tronco/metabolismo , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Proteína Forkhead Box O3/metabolismo , Lisofosfolipídeos/metabolismo , Masculino , Alvo Mecanístico do Complexo 1 de Rapamicina/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Mutação , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/metabolismo , Diester Fosfórico Hidrolases/genética , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/genética , Transdução de Sinais , beta Catenina/metabolismo
13.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4816, 2020 09 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32968047

RESUMO

Understanding cell types and mechanisms of dental growth is essential for reconstruction and engineering of teeth. Therefore, we investigated cellular composition of growing and non-growing mouse and human teeth. As a result, we report an unappreciated cellular complexity of the continuously-growing mouse incisor, which suggests a coherent model of cell dynamics enabling unarrested growth. This model relies on spatially-restricted stem, progenitor and differentiated populations in the epithelial and mesenchymal compartments underlying the coordinated expansion of two major branches of pulpal cells and diverse epithelial subtypes. Further comparisons of human and mouse teeth yield both parallelisms and differences in tissue heterogeneity and highlight the specifics behind growing and non-growing modes. Despite being similar at a coarse level, mouse and human teeth reveal molecular differences and species-specific cell subtypes suggesting possible evolutionary divergence. Overall, here we provide an atlas of human and mouse teeth with a focus on growth and differentiation.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular , Células-Tronco/citologia , Dente/citologia , Dente/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Adolescente , Adulto , Animais , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Células Epiteliais , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Heterogeneidade Genética , Humanos , Incisivo/citologia , Incisivo/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Masculino , Mesoderma/citologia , Mesoderma/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Mesoderma/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Modelos Animais , Dente Molar/citologia , Dente Molar/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Odontoblastos , Adulto Jovem
14.
Cell Stem Cell ; 27(3): 359-360, 2020 09 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32888424

RESUMO

COVID-19 has unfortunately halted lab work, conferences, and in-person networking, which is especially detrimental to researchers just starting their labs. Through social media and our reviewer networks, we met some early-career stem cell investigators impacted by the closures. Here, they introduce themselves and their research to our readers.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/fisiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Pesquisadores , Animais , Humanos , Pandemias , Células-Tronco/citologia
15.
Elife ; 92020 09 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32915135

RESUMO

An intricate stem cell niche boundary formed by finger-like extensions generates asymmetry in stem cell divisions.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans , Caenorhabditis elegans , Animais , Células Germinativas , Nicho de Células-Tronco , Células-Tronco
16.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4435, 2020 09 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32895385

RESUMO

Colonial ascidians are the only chordates able to undergo whole body regeneration (WBR), during which entire new bodies can be regenerated from small fragments of blood vessels. Here, we show that during the early stages of WBR in Botrylloides diegensis, proliferation occurs only in small, blood-borne cells that express integrin-alpha-6 (IA6), pou3 and vasa. WBR cannot proceed when proliferating IA6+ cells are ablated with Mitomycin C, and injection of a single IA6+ Candidate stem cell can rescue WBR after ablation. Lineage tracing using EdU-labeling demonstrates that donor-derived IA6+ Candidate stem cells directly give rise to regenerating tissues. Inhibitors of either Notch or canonical Wnt signaling block WBR and reduce proliferation of IA6+ Candidate stem cells, indicating that these two pathways regulate their activation. In conclusion, we show that IA6+ Candidate stem cells are responsible for whole body regeneration and give rise to regenerating tissues.


Assuntos
Integrina alfa6/metabolismo , Regeneração/fisiologia , Urocordados , Animais , Cordados não Vertebrados/embriologia , Expressão Gênica , Integrina alfa6/genética , Células-Tronco/citologia , Células-Tronco/metabolismo , Urocordados/citologia , Urocordados/embriologia , Urocordados/crescimento & desenvolvimento
17.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 45(6): 678-683, 2020 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879125

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore the difference in odontoblast differentiation capacity between stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED) and dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs), and to examine the expression level of ephrinB1 in odontoblast differentiation of these stem cells. METHODS: The stems cells were divided into a SHED group and a DPSCs group. After odontoblast differentiation induction, the above 2 groups were also randomly divided into a 3 d group and a 7 d group, respectively.The calcium deposition was detected by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining and alizarin red staining.The mRNA and protein expressions of ephrinB1, dentin matrix protein-1 (DMP-1) and dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP) were detected by real-time PCR and Western blotting. RESULTS: ALP staining and alizarin red staining showed that there was stronger mineralization capacity in the SHED group than that in the DPSCs group. The relative mRNA and protein expressions of DMP-1, DSPP, and ephrinB1 in the SHED group were higher than those in the DPSCs group except for the protein expression of DMP-1 in the SHED 3 d group (all P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: SHED has stronger odontoblast differentiation capacity than DPSCs. In addition, ephrinB1 may be involved in the processes of odontoblast differentiation in the SHED and DPSCs.


Assuntos
Odontoblastos , Osteogênese , Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Polpa Dentária , Humanos , Células-Tronco , Dente Decíduo
18.
Clin Dermatol ; 38(4): 494-496, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32972609

RESUMO

Stem cells have recently garnered increased attention, especially pertaining to their use in cutaneous rejuvenation. Their popularity has continued to grow with patients and consumers alike, which has followed the substantial marketing bolstering them. Although limited, studies have begun to demonstrate promise in the field of esthetics. We review the prominent studies in the literature to shed more light on the use of stem cells for cosmetic practitioners.


Assuntos
Técnicas Cosméticas , Dermatologia , Estética , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Rejuvenescimento/fisiologia , Envelhecimento da Pele , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Pele , Células-Tronco , Tecido Adiposo/citologia , Células da Medula Óssea , Diferenciação Celular , Autorrenovação Celular , Humanos , Pele , Células-Tronco/fisiologia
19.
Dental Press J Orthod ; 25(3): 85-92, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32844968

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Stem cells obtained from the pulp of human deciduous teeth are highly proliferative and plastic multipotent cells, which makes them a relevant model of stem cells, applied in several biomedical areas, with different purposes. OBJECTIVE: Based on a brief review of the literature, the present work intends to present from conceptual aspects about stem cells, classifications, potential (in vitro and in vivo) applications in dental practice, cell culture, cryopreservation and its importance, ethical and regulatory aspects, as well as the role of the dental surgeon as the endorser responsible for the entire clinical stage that involves the process of collecting stem cells obtained from dental pulps for cryopreservation, with a view to using them under appropriate conditions, in accordance with scientifically proven and justified good laboratory and clinical practices.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Adulto , Polpa Dentária , Odontologia , Humanos , Células-Tronco , Dente Decíduo
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