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1.
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud; 20200400. 17 p.
Monografia em Espanhol | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1095614

RESUMO

El documento contiene las consideraciones éticas para la investigación en salud con seres humanos basadas en estándares internacionales sobre ética de la investigación con seres humanos recogidos en las Pautas éticas internacionales para investigación.


Assuntos
Testes Imunológicos , Humanos , Pesquisa Biomédica , Códigos de Ética
5.
Recurso educacional aberto em Espanhol | CVSP - Argentina | ID: oer-3883

RESUMO

1º Jornada «Derecho a la Salud», organizada por el CVSP Nodo Argentina, la Sala de Derecho a la Salud del Colegio de Abogados de Córdoba y la Escuela de Salud Pública y Ambiente de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas–UNC. La misma se llevó a cabo el día 4 de diciembre del corriente año en el Salón Rojo de la Secretaría de Graduados en Ciencias de la Salud FCM-UNC. La jornada contó con la presencia de Profesionales de la Salud, Profesionales del Derecho, alumnos de postgrado de las Carreras de Ciencias Médicas, Derecho y Ciencias Sociales y público en general. conferencia por el Dr. Andrés de León. Presidente del Consejo Médico de la Provincia de Córdoba.


Assuntos
Ética Médica/educação , Códigos de Ética/legislação & jurisprudência
6.
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 20(2)jul.-dic. 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003854

RESUMO

Sin lugar a dudas, el desarrollo experimentado por la humanidad en el siglo xx impone un desafío a aquellos actores sociales dedicados al avance científico y su aplicación, en particular en esferas tan sensibles como el de la biomedicina. La especialidad médico-quirúrgica en angiología y cirugía vascular enfrenta lo peculiar de tratar a personas que resultan muy vulnerables, generalmente por sufrir limitación o pérdida de su autonomía por ser añosos, presencia de dolor, lesiones de difícil cicatrización o la pérdida en ocasiones de uno o de ambos miembros inferiores, entre otras características. Una mirada desde la bioética destaca que el debido respeto del trabajador de la salud hacia las personas aquejadas de dolencias vasculares periféricas se debe reflejar en todo el espectro que abarca la asistencia médica, la docencia, la investigación y la socialización de los resultados que resulten relevantes o novedosos en este campo. La publicación de resultados de estudios de investigación para su aplicación en la asistencia y la docencia cierra el ciclo que comienza con lo cotidiano de la observación y las interrogantes que posibilita la experiencia. El reto es eminentemente ético si tomamos en cuenta que se precisa de una reflexión profunda para la selección del aspecto a investigar, del diseño y despliegue de un proceder metodológico que permita desde lo ético y lo técnico la mayor calidad de los resultados que se esperan y finalmente lograr la redacción cuidadosa de un informe de los resultados y gestionar su publicación que lo haga visible para la posterior aplicación. Toma de decisiones que siempre pasa por el tamiz de lo escaso de...(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Socialização , Códigos de Ética , Educação , Eventos Científicos e de Divulgação
8.
Cuad. bioét ; 30(100): 303-313, sept.-dic. 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-185243

RESUMO

El derecho a la información clínica y el consentimiento informado como expresión práctica del principio de autonomía, son conquistas legales en España de finales del siglo XX que se han trasladado a la normativa deontológica médica. Se estudia el ritmo de ese traslado. Revisión histórica de los diferentes códigos de deontología médica desde la Guerra Civil, buscando la presencia de estas ideas en ella. Hasta el código de 1979 la idea de información clínica no aparece en la normativa deontológica vigente y el consentimiento lo hace en casos muy restringidos. A partir de esa fecha su aparición es progresiva en los sucesivos códigos. Actualmente ambas ideas están completamente desarrolladas en la normativa deontológica española. La Deontología médica ha asumido como suyas las ideas de información al paciente y consentimiento in-formado. Este ha sido un proceso largo en el tiempo que ha cambiado en buena medida la orientación deontológica para las relaciones médico-enfermo. En estos aspectos, la Deontología médica pasa, de hacer hincapié en la prudencia del médico, a subrayar el deber de informar y de dar amplio espacio a las decisiones del paciente, al que reconoce como un agente moral autónomo y reflexivo, capaz de tomar sus propias decisiones sobre su salud


In Spain, the right to clinical information and informed consent as a practical expression of the principle of autonomy, are legal conquests achieved in the late twentieth century. From the law they have been transferred to the codes of medical deontology. The aim of this work is to study the pace of this transfer. Historical review of the different codes of medical deontology in Spain since the Civil War, see-king the presence of these ideas in them. Until code of medical deontology of 1979, the idea of clinical information did not appear in the contemporary deontological norm, and the rules on consent did so in very restricted cases. As of that date, their appearance is progressive in the successive codes. Currently, both concepts are fully developed in Spanish deontological regulations. Medical Deontology has take on the ideas of patient information and informed consent. This has been a long process which have brought considerable changes the deontological orientations of the traditional form of doctor-patient relationship. In these aspects, medical deontology has drifted, from emphasizing the prudence of the doctor, to emphasize the duty to inform and give ample space to the patient’s decisions, which he recognizes as an autonomous and reflective moral agent, capable of taking his own decisions about your health


Assuntos
Humanos , História do Século XX , Sistemas de Informação em Saúde/ética , Sistemas de Informação em Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido/ética , Teoria Ética , Sociedades Médicas/ética , Ética Clínica , Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido/legislação & jurisprudência , Códigos de Ética/legislação & jurisprudência , Códigos de Ética/tendências , Sociedades Médicas/legislação & jurisprudência
9.
Am J Bioeth ; 19(11): 87-89, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31661420
10.
Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo ; 29(4): 362-364, out.-dez. 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047215

RESUMO

Atualmente, o teleatendimento ou teleconsulta é vedado pelo Código de Ética Médica brasileiro. O rápido e progressivo avanço de novas tecnologias de comunicação à distância, principalmente pela internet, abriu inúmeras possibilidades - tanto para médicos como para pacientes - de troca de informações e diálogos em forma de texto ou voz, inclusive de transmissão de imagens fixas e em movimento, em tempo real ou não. Esses avanços tecnológicos, incontestáveis e inevitáveis, obrigam a Ética Médica a uma adaptação aos novos tempos. Assim, o Conselho Federal de Medicina vem estudando uma resolução que tente disciplinar esse tipo de atendimento. O principal obstáculo para o teleatendimento é a necessidade de uma adequada relação médico-paciente e o estabelecimento de uma relação de confiança mútua, as quais se estabelecem na anamnese bem feita, na avaliação do paciente em seus aspectos bio-psico-social (inclusive de sua linguagem corporal) e num exame físico bem feito, o que só é possível no contato direto entre o médico e o doente


Telemedical care (distance medicine technology) is currently forbidden by the Brazilian Code of Medical Ethics. The fast-moving and progressive advancement of new distance communication technologies, especially over the Internet, has opened up numerous possibilities in clinical practice - for both doctors and patients - to exchange information in the form of text or voice, including the transmission of still or moving images, whether in real time or not. These undeniable and unavoidable technological advances are leading the Medical Ethics to adjust to the new times. Thus, the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine has been giving particular attention to a resolution that attempts to discipline this type of care. The main obstacle to telemedical care is the need for an adequate doctor/patient relationship, with the establishment of mutual trust, which takes place in the anamnesis, in the patient's evaluation, in the bio-psycho-social aspects (including body language) as well as thorough physical examination, which is only possible in the direct contact between the doctor and the patient


Assuntos
Segurança , Telemedicina , Ética Médica , Relações Médico-Paciente , Desenvolvimento Tecnológico/métodos , Consulta Remota/métodos , Códigos de Ética
11.
Curr Urol Rep ; 20(10): 65, 2019 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31493164

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The primary aim of this review is to: (1) adequately define Match violations, (2) thoroughly examine the nature and scope of Match violations in the American Urologic Association (AUA) Urology Match, and (3) propose and recommend policy guidelines, including consequences for applicants and programs, as it pertains to Match violations. These recommendations are intended to affect change at the level of the AUA and Society of Academic Urology (SAU) that more effectively mitigates future violations, intentional or not. RECENT FINDINGS: There is a paucity of specific guidelines published by the AUA on what constitutes a Match violation. Furthermore, in contrast to the National Resident Matching Program (NRMP), the AUA is surprisingly lenient in their existing guidelines. The Match violations most frequently reported were programs asking applicants illegal and restricted questions as well as inappropriate post-interview communication between applicants and programs. Review of current Match policies and violations suggest several areas for improvement, particularly regarding the specificity of AUA guidelines to define Match violations, the asking of illegal interview questions, and post-interview communication. The obligation to uphold a fair and equitable Match is an ethical imperative for the urologic community.


Assuntos
Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina/ética , Internato e Residência/ética , Urologia/educação , Urologia/ética , Códigos de Ética , Humanos , Liderança , Critérios de Admissão Escolar , Estados Unidos
12.
J Bioeth Inq ; 16(3): 443-453, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31444642

RESUMO

The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) sets out a detailed description of what its own conception of the "spirit of sport" as employed in the World Anti-Doping Code (WADC) entails. However, controversies as to the significance and meaning to be ascribed to the term abound in the literature. In order to unravel the core of the debates and to move discussions forward, the authors aimed at reviewing understandings of the spirit of sport in the conceptual literature. The main databases were searched using relevant keywords. After the inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied, eighteen publications were included in the review. The most striking result to emerge from the data is the multivalence of the concept of spirit of sport. Our thematic analysis generated the contestability of the spirit of sport as the predominant theme in the conceptual literature. There is a need for empirical research to generate data about perspectives on the spirit of sport from other stakeholders especially those of the athletes themselves.


Assuntos
Códigos de Ética , Compreensão , Doping nos Esportes/ética , Doping nos Esportes/legislação & jurisprudência , Valores Sociais , Desempenho Atlético/ética , Desempenho Atlético/legislação & jurisprudência , Fidelidade a Diretrizes , Guias como Assunto , Substâncias para Melhoria do Desempenho/administração & dosagem
15.
Rev. ADM ; 76(4): 234-241, jul.-ago 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1024069

RESUMO

Ética, moral y la deontología, se ocupan de un mismo objetivo: la valoración de lo bueno y de lo malo en la conducta humana. Sus enfoques del problema, no son totalmente iguales. La ética utiliza el análisis filosófico, ilumina el problema desde el ángulo axiológico, y a través de la especulación pura trata de establecer un deber ser de valor universal. La moral estudia las acciones humanas desde un punto de vista empírico, histórico, en la realidad de las diferentes culturas y teniendo en cuenta la diversidad de su idiosincrasia, trata de establecer juicios de valor adecuados a tales circunstancias. La deontología, fluctuando entre la ética y la moral y basándose en las conclusiones de ambas, se propone establecer las normas concretas que deben regir la conducta en situaciones determinadas, como puede ser el ejercicio de una profesión. La bioética establece los conceptos morales, éticos y racionales derivados en la interdisciplina de la ciencia y la biomedicina (AU)


Ethics, Moral and deontology, deal with the same objective: The assessment of good and evil in human behavior. Their approaches to the problem are not totally the same. Ethics uses philosophical analysis, illuminates the problem from the axiological angle, and through pure speculation tries to establish a duty of universal value. Morality studies human actions from an empirical, historical point of view, in the reality of different cultures and taking into account the diversity of their idiosyncrasy, tries to establish value judgments appropriate to such circumstances. Deontology, fluctuating between ethics and morals and based on the conclusions of both, it is proposed to establish the specific rules that should govern behavior in certain situations, such as the exercise of a profession. Bioethics establishes the moral, ethical and rational concepts derived in the interdiscipline of science and biomedicine (AU)


Assuntos
Sociedades Odontológicas , Códigos de Ética , Ética Odontológica , Prática Profissional/ética , Bioética , Teoria Ética , México , Moral
16.
Int Nurs Rev ; 66(3): 320-328, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31287164

RESUMO

AIM: This study explores Australian clinical nurses' and midwives' familiarity with a new code of conduct and understanding in what ways the code is important for nurses as they carry out clinical practice. BACKGROUND: Codes specify the expectations of nurses' responsibilities, legal requirements, behaviour and conduct. Being familiar with the code is central to being a professional nurse or midwife. As nursing continues to advance, updating the code is crucial to maintain professional and safe practice. DESIGN: This project utilized a cross-sectional descriptive design. METHODS: A survey was developed incorporating Likert-type scale assessments of the 7 value statements from the 2018 Australian Nurses' Code of Conduct for familiarity and importance. The survey included open-ended questions to elicit clinical nurses' experiences of conduct breaches, opinions regarding usefulness and relevance of the code for current practice. Data were collected at an acute care hospital in Sydney during January 2018. RESULTS: Significant differences relating to cultural and patient-centred approaches were revealed in the study. The new value involving the role of research was least understood and ranked least important by nurses and midwives. Professional 'integrity' resonated with participants when considering the behaviour of nurses, and short, unambiguous values were the most popular. Additionally, a substantial number of participants had no knowledge of the code or were not aware of the recently revised version. CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: A code of conduct provides structure and guidance for workplace values and principles. A respected code is important to the nursing profession to help prevent inappropriate and incompetent behaviour and as a guide for nursing performance. Nurses in this study claimed the code was highly relevant to their work as a nurse and was incorporated into their daily practice.


Assuntos
Códigos de Ética , Tocologia/normas , Cuidados de Enfermagem/normas , Austrália , Estudos Transversais , Disciplina no Trabalho/ética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
17.
BMC Med Ethics ; 20(1): 52, 2019 07 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31337376

RESUMO

Australian immigration detention has been called state sanctioned abuse and a crime against humanity. The Australian healthcare community has been closely involved with these policies, calling for their reform and working within detention centres to provide healthcare. As well as having a devastating impact on health, immigration detention changes the scope and nature of healthcare, with its delivery described as a Sisyphean task. In this article I will explore the guidance that is available to clinicians who work within detention centres and argue that codes, guidelines and positions statements provide little help in relation to ethical decision making. First I will outline guidance that can be found in codes of ethics and position statements, focusing on particularly relevant principles, such as advocacy, clinical independence and the clinicians' relationship to human rights. I will then highlight the disparity between this guidance and the delivery of healthcare within detention by drawing on the testimony of clinicians who formerly worked in these environments. While this disparity should be cause for alarm and at a minimum call into question how codes and positions statements are being used (if at all), there are more fundamental reasons why codes and position statements fail to provide guidance in these circumstances. I will outline a more general criticism of codes of ethics and use this to suggest a way forward, including looking beyond codes and position statements to guide action within Australian immigration detention.


Assuntos
Códigos de Ética , Tomada de Decisões/ética , Emigrantes e Imigrantes , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Política Organizacional , Campos de Refugiados/ética , Austrália , Emigrantes e Imigrantes/legislação & jurisprudência , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/ética , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Humanos , Campos de Refugiados/legislação & jurisprudência , Refugiados/legislação & jurisprudência , Sociedades Médicas/ética , Sociedades Médicas/normas
18.
Nurs Leadersh (Tor Ont) ; 32(1): 60-73, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31228345

RESUMO

There has been limited attention to ethical leadership for formal nurse leaders around the world. Assuming that codes of ethics provide meaningful standards of what is expected of health professionals, what specific guidance for ethical leadership is available to formal nurse leaders in national nursing codes of ethics? We conducted an integrative review of national nursing codes of ethics for 131 member countries of the International Council of Nurses (ICN). In the ICN Code, nurse managers/leaders are highlighted for their role in ethical practice. With the exception of the US, no other country code focuses as much attention on formal nurse leaders. While all country codes (except the United States) implicitly group nurses, practitioners and managers together, most codes do not provide meaningful guidance for formal nurse leaders. The level of ethical guidance provided to formal nurse leaders in national nursing codes of ethics is lacking. However, creating a separate code of ethics for formal nurse leaders is not the answer. Rather, including specific guidance in nursing codes of ethics not only informs nurses about what they can expect of nurse leaders but also allows formal nurse leaders to use the code with their own senior leaders, conveying what their professional body expects of them.


Assuntos
Ética em Enfermagem , Liderança , Códigos de Ética/tendências , Guias como Assunto , Humanos , Internacionalidade
20.
Int Nurs Rev ; 66(2): 154-156, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31124137

RESUMO

Since its development in 1953, the International Council of Nursing's Code of Ethics for Nurses has been revised a number of times and adopted or adapted as a guide for nurses in many countries. The Code serves as a critical model for ethical standards in the nursing profession, stressing responsibility and advocacy for the human rights of patients, their families and communities, as well as social issues, the work of nurses within health care systems and working with other health professionals. The most recent edition of the Code (2012) is now in the process of revision by an international Steering Committee. This policy paper describes the meaning of the Code, as well as the processes in place to develop a revised Code that is better fitted for the current needs of nurses around the globe.


Assuntos
Códigos de Ética , Ética em Enfermagem , Conselho Internacional de Enfermagem/organização & administração , Cuidados de Enfermagem/ética , Saúde Global , Humanos , Cuidados de Enfermagem/normas , Sociedades de Enfermagem/ética
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