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1.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 5363, 2020 10 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33097714

RESUMO

Inter-areal synchronization of neuronal oscillations at frequencies below ~100 Hz is a pervasive feature of neuronal activity and is thought to regulate communication in neuronal circuits. In contrast, faster activities and oscillations have been considered to be largely local-circuit-level phenomena without large-scale synchronization between brain regions. We show, using human intracerebral recordings, that 100-400 Hz high-frequency oscillations (HFOs) may be synchronized between widely distributed brain regions. HFO synchronization expresses individual frequency peaks and exhibits reliable connectivity patterns that show stable community structuring. HFO synchronization is also characterized by a laminar profile opposite to that of lower frequencies. Importantly, HFO synchronization is both transiently enhanced and suppressed in separate frequency bands during a response-inhibition task. These findings show that HFO synchronization constitutes a functionally significant form of neuronal spike-timing relationships in brain activity and thus a mesoscopic indication of neuronal communication per se.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/patologia , Córtex Cerebral/fisiologia , Sincronização Cortical/fisiologia , Adulto , Mapeamento Encefálico , Estimulação Elétrica , Eletroencefalografia , Humanos , Masculino , Neurônios/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
2.
Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova ; 120(9. Vyp. 2): 91-97, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33076652

RESUMO

The phenomenon of local sleep, a concept that has come into somnology relatively recently, has been attracting more and more attention of researchers. Under this name, two groups of phenomena are considered. The first is the appearance in different parts of the cerebral cortex of different EEG patterns during general sleep. The second is the disconnection of certain cortical areas from the processing of extero- or proprioceptive signals and their transition to spiking and slow wave electrical activity, which is typical for sleep, while awake. The authors believe that it is the second phenomenon that can be called real local sleep. The appearance of local cortical sleep is inseparably linked with the occurrence of local wakefulness. It can be expected that the occurrence of local sleep will have detrimental consequences for behavior in urgent and complicated situations, while local wakefulness can adversely affect the visceral health of the body. A possible way of early detection of the local sleep development is proposed. In conclusion, some methodological problems on the way of electrophysiological studies of the local aspects of sleep and wakefulness are considered.


Assuntos
Eletroencefalografia , Sono , Córtex Cerebral , Vigília
3.
Wiad Lek ; 73(8): 1790-1795, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33055353

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim: The clinical case was studied: comorbidity of mucoviscidosis and congenital dysfunction of adrenal glands cortex. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The clinical case of combined orphan pathology - cystic fibrosis and congenital dysfunction of adrenal glands cortex (adrenogenital syndrome) has been described. RESULTS: Clinical case: A 2-month child has been diagnosed with mucoviscidosis, of a mixed form, which was genetically confirmed. The proband and the father were found to be heterozygotes for the F508del mutation of the CFTR gene (the father suffers from mucoviscidosis). Congenital dysfunction of the adrenal glands, a viral form, was diagnosed when he was three years old. The child is currently receiving: Creon 100 000 units per day with eating, Colomycin 1 vial per day, Pulmozyme 2.5 mg/2.5 ml daily in the morning for inhalations, Ursofalk 600 mg every day constantly, Hydrocortisone 50 mg/day. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: This clinical case can be attributed to rare, as most such pathological conditions are usually diagnosed in maternity homes along with the prescription of appropriate therapy. This is an example of late diagnosis of the viral form of congenital adrenal dysfunction against the background of cystic fibrosis, indicating the need for earlier detection and timely introduction of substitution therapy to improve favourable prognosis for a disease.


Assuntos
Hiperplasia Suprarrenal Congênita , Fibrose Cística , Glândulas Suprarrenais , Córtex Cerebral , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Comorbidade , Fibrose Cística/complicações , Fibrose Cística/tratamento farmacológico , Regulador de Condutância Transmembrana em Fibrose Cística/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Gravidez
4.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 3897-3900, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018852

RESUMO

Understanding the joint encoding of multiple tactile stimulus features (e.g., spatial position, amplitude, and frequency of vibration) is a major goal of somatosensory neuroscience, and the development of experimental set-ups to probe joint encoding is important. We describe in detail a microcontroller-based, piezoelectric bender device for tactile experiments. The device comprises an Arduino Due microcontroller board with a 32-bit ARM Cortex-M3 RISC processor, and two 12-bit digital-to-analog converters, enabling precise, independent stimulation of adjacent epithelial points. Using laser doppler vibrometry, we developed a model of the benders' structural mechanics, which we implemented on the device. We used the device to delivered precise, reliable somatosensory stimulation in an experimental setting, recording electrophysiological responses in the peripheral nervous system of the Gisborne cockroach (Drymaplaneta semivitta) to sinusoidal vibration of tibial spines. We plotted tuning curves and derived bandwidths of multi-unit populations. We also stimulated rat facial vibrissae ex vivo. This microcontroller-based, low-cost, open-source system leverages a large developer community associated with Arduino, and may help speed advances in systems neuroscience.


Assuntos
Neurociências , Tato , Animais , Córtex Cerebral , Fenômenos Eletrofisiológicos , Ratos , Vibração
5.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 2905-2908, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018614

RESUMO

Mindfulness interventions are increasingly used in clinical settings. Neurophysiological mechanisms underlying mindfulness offer objective evidence that can help us evaluate the efficacy of mindfulness. Recent advances in technology have facilitated the use of functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS) as a light weight, portable, and relatively lower cost neuroimaging device as compared to functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI). In contrast to numerous fMRI studies, there are scanty investigations using fNIRS to study mindfulness. Hence, this study was done to investigate the feasibility of using a continuous-wave multichannel fNIRS system to study cerebral cortex activations on a mindfulness task versus a baseline task. NIRS data from 14 healthy Asian subjects were collected. A statistical parametric mapping toolbox specific for statistical analysis of NIRS signal called NIRS_SPM was used to study the activations. The results from group analysis performed on the contrast of the mindfulness versus baseline tasks showed foci of activations on the left and central parts of the prefrontal cortex. The findings are consistent with prevailing fMRI studies and show promise of using fNIRS system for studying real-time neurophysiological cortical activations during mindfulness practice.


Assuntos
Atenção Plena , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho , Córtex Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Córtex Pré-Frontal/diagnóstico por imagem
6.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 3035-3039, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018645

RESUMO

The concept of 'presence' in the context of virtual reality (VR) refers to the experience of being in the virtual environment, even when one is physically situated in the real world. Therefore, it is a key parameter of assessing a VR system, based on which, improvements can be made to it. To overcome the limitations of existing methods that are based on standard questionnaires and behavioral analysis, this study proposes to investigate the suitability of biosignals of the user to derive an objective measure of presence. The proposed approach includes experiments conducted on 20 users, recording EEG, ECG and electrodermal activity (EDA) signals while experiencing custom designed VR scenarios with factors contributing to presence suppressed and unsuppressed. Mutual Information based feature selection and subsequent paired t-tests used to identify significant variations in biosignal features when each factor of presence is suppressed revealed significant (p < 0.05) differences in the mean values of EEG signal power and coherence within alpha, beta and gamma bands distributed in specific regions of the brain. Statistical features showed a significant variation with the suppression of realism factor. The variations of activity in the temporal region lead to the assumption of insula activation which may be related to the sense of presence. Therefore, the use of biosignals for an objective measurement of presence in VR systems indicates promise.


Assuntos
Mapeamento Encefálico , Realidade Virtual , Encéfalo , Córtex Cerebral , Humanos , Interface Usuário-Computador
7.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 5046, 2020 10 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33028816

RESUMO

Signal loss in blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) functional neuroimaging is common and can lead to misinterpretation of findings. Here, we reconstructed compromised fMRI signal using deep machine learning. We trained a model to learn principles governing BOLD activity in one dataset and reconstruct artificially compromised regions in an independent dataset, frame by frame. Intriguingly, BOLD time series extracted from reconstructed frames are correlated with the original time series, even though the frames do not independently carry any temporal information. Moreover, reconstructed functional connectivity maps exhibit good correspondence with the original connectivity maps, indicating that the model recovers functional relationships among brain regions. We replicated this result in two healthy datasets and in patients whose scans suffered signal loss due to intracortical electrodes. Critically, the reconstructions capture individual-specific information. Deep machine learning thus presents a unique opportunity to reconstruct compromised BOLD signal while capturing features of an individual's own functional brain organization.


Assuntos
Mapeamento Encefálico/métodos , Córtex Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Aprendizado Profundo , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Córtex Cerebral/irrigação sanguínea , Córtex Cerebral/fisiologia , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Estimulação Encefálica Profunda , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Masculino , Modelos Neurológicos , Oxigênio/sangue , Doença de Parkinson/diagnóstico , Doença de Parkinson/fisiopatologia , Doença de Parkinson/terapia , Adulto Jovem
8.
Science ; 370(6514)2020 10 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33060328

RESUMO

At the earliest developmental stages, spontaneous activity synchronizes local and large-scale cortical networks. These networks form the functional template for the establishment of global thalamocortical networks and cortical architecture. The earliest connections are established autonomously. However, activity from the sensory periphery reshapes these circuits as soon as afferents reach the cortex. The early-generated, largely transient neurons of the subplate play a key role in integrating spontaneous and sensory-driven activity. Early pathological conditions-such as hypoxia, inflammation, or exposure to pharmacological compounds-alter spontaneous activity patterns, which subsequently induce disturbances in cortical network activity. This cortical dysfunction may lead to local and global miswiring and, at later stages, can be associated with neurological and psychiatric conditions.


Assuntos
Córtex Cerebral/embriologia , Córtex Cerebral/fisiologia , Vias Neurais/embriologia , Vias Neurais/fisiologia , Animais , Apoptose , Claustrum/fisiologia , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Camundongos , Neurogênese , Plasticidade Neuronal , Esquizofrenia/fisiopatologia , Núcleos Talâmicos/fisiologia
9.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 880-883, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018125

RESUMO

Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by excessively synchronized neural activity. In this paper, we recorded electrophysiological signals in Cortex of normal and PD mode monkey using homemade implantable microelectrode arrays (MEA), and analyzed the characteristics of action potentials (APs) and local field potentials (LFPs). Results showed that, comparing to normal monkey, the spike-firing activity of PD mode monkey could be divided into two stages: the continuous spike-firing stage and the burst spike-firing stage. The continuous spike-firing lasted for about 20s and oscillated at low frequency about 0.03Hz. APs fired in a burst mode between two continuous discharges. In the continuous spike-firing stage, the spike-firing activity was related to the ripple rhythm (100-200Hz) of LFPs with a coherence 0.86, while, in the burst spike-firing stage, it was related to the phase of theta rhythm (4-7 Hz). APs tended to discharge in the valley of theta rhythm (average peak phase is -10°).Clinical Relevance- This article can provide some references for the study of PD neuropathology.


Assuntos
Doença de Parkinson , Potenciais de Ação , Animais , Córtex Cerebral , Haplorrinos , Microeletrodos
10.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 1696-1700, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018323

RESUMO

We present GeoSP, a parallel method that creates a parcellation of the cortical mesh based on a geodesic distance, in order to consider gyri and sulci topology. The method represents the mesh with a graph and performs a K-means clustering in parallel. It has two modes of use, by default, it performs the geodesic cortical parcellation based on the boundaries of the anatomical parcels provided by the Desikan-Killiany atlas. The other mode performs the complete parcellation of the cortex. Results for both modes and with different values for the total number of sub-parcels show homogeneous sub-parcels. Furthermore, the execution time is 82s for the whole cortex mode and 18s for the Desikan-Killiany atlas subdivision, for a parcellation into 350 sub-parcels. The proposed method will be available to the community to perform the evaluation of data-driven cortical parcellations. As an example, we compared GeoSP parcellation with Desikan-Killiany and Destrieux atlases in 50 subjects, obtaining more homogeneous parcels for GeoSP and minor differences in structural connectivity reproducibility across subjects.


Assuntos
Córtex Cerebral , Vísceras , Análise por Conglomerados , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
11.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 1734-1737, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018332

RESUMO

Modular functional alterations were shown in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients from previous functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies. However, most studies considered each module as a specific node and ignore the intramodular connectivity information. In this paper, we investigated the intramodular functional connectivity (FC) alterations in drug naïve OCD patients using a whole brain graph theoretical approach for functional modular parcellation. Seventy-three drug-naïve OCD patients and seventy-eight matched healthy controls were included in this study. We utilized infomap algorithm for modules detection. The functional connectivity strength (FCS) was calculated within each module to obtain the FC between a given voxel and all other voxels in the module. We found increased FCS in precentral and postcentral gyrus within sensor-motor network (SMN) and decreased FCS in insula within salience network (SN). Moreover, FC within SMN was negatively correlated with YBOCS- compulsions scores, while FC within SN was negatively correlated with YBOCS-total, compulsions and obsessions scores. Our findings brought useful insights in understanding the pathophysiology of OCD.


Assuntos
Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Mapeamento Encefálico , Córtex Cerebral , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo/diagnóstico por imagem
12.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 2954-2958, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018626

RESUMO

Rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) is a high efficient paradigm in brain-computer interface (BCI). Target detection accuracy is the first consideration of RSVP-BCI. But the influence of different frequency bands and time ranges on decoding accuracy are still an open questions. Moreover, the underlying neural dynamic of the rapid target detecting process is still unclear. Methods: This work focused the temporal dynamic of the responses triggered by target stimuli in a static RSVP paradigm using paired structural Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and magnetoencephalography (MEG) signals with different frequency bands. Multivariate pattern analysis (MVPA) was applied on the MEG signal with different frequency bands and time points after stimuli onset. Cortical neuronal activation estimation technology was also applied to present the temporal-spatial dynamic on cortex surface. Results: The MVPA results showed that the low frequency signals (0.1 - 7 Hz) yield highest decoding accuracy, and the decoding power reached its peak at 0.4 second after target stimuli onset. The cortical neuronal activation method identified the target stimuli triggered regions, like bilateral parahippocampal cortex, precentral gyrus and insula cortex, and the averaged time series were presented.


Assuntos
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Magnetoencefalografia , Córtex Cerebral , Lobo Frontal , Análise Multivariada
13.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 5109, 2020 10 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33037209

RESUMO

Perceptual decisions entail the accumulation of sensory evidence for a particular choice towards an action plan. An influential framework holds that sensory cortical areas encode the instantaneous sensory evidence and downstream, action-related regions accumulate this evidence. The large-scale distribution of this computation across the cerebral cortex has remained largely elusive. Here, we develop a regionally-specific magnetoencephalography decoding approach to exhaustively map the dynamics of stimulus- and choice-specific signals across the human cortical surface during a visual decision. Comparison with the evidence accumulation dynamics inferred from behavior disentangles stimulus-dependent and endogenous components of choice-predictive activity across the visual cortical hierarchy. We find such an endogenous component in early visual cortex (including V1), which is expressed in a low (<20 Hz) frequency band and tracks, with delay, the build-up of choice-predictive activity in (pre-) motor regions. Our results are consistent with choice- and frequency-specific cortical feedback signaling during decision formation.


Assuntos
Córtex Cerebral/fisiologia , Tomada de Decisões , Magnetoencefalografia/métodos , Percepção Visual/fisiologia , Comportamento de Escolha , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Experimentação Humana não Terapêutica , Processamento de Sinais Assistido por Computador , Córtex Visual/fisiologia
14.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0237204, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33075046

RESUMO

The amygdala, a subcortical structure known for social and emotional processing, consists of multiple subnuclei with unique functions and connectivity patterns. Tracer studies in adult macaques have shown that the basolateral subnuclei differentially connect to parts of visual cortex, with stronger connections to anterior regions and weaker connections to posterior regions; infant macaques show robust connectivity even with posterior visual regions. Do these developmental differences also exist in the human amygdala, and are there specific functional regions that undergo the most pronounced developmental changes in their connections with the amygdala? To address these questions, we explored the functional connectivity (from resting-state fMRI data) of the basolateral amygdala to occipitotemporal cortex in human neonates scanned within one week of life and compared the connectivity patterns to those observed in young adults. Specifically, we calculated amygdala connectivity to anterior-posterior gradients of the anatomically-defined occipitotemporal cortex, and also to putative occipitotemporal functional parcels, including primary and high-level visual and auditory cortices (V1, A1, face, scene, object, body, high-level auditory regions). Results showed a decreasing gradient of functional connectivity to the occipitotemporal cortex in adults-similar to the gradient seen in macaque tracer studies-but no such gradient was observed in neonates. Further, adults had stronger connections to high-level functional regions associated with face, body, and object processing, and weaker connections to primary sensory regions (i.e., A1, V1), whereas neonates showed the same amount of connectivity to primary and high-level sensory regions. Overall, these results show that functional connectivity between the amygdala and occipitotemporal cortex is not yet differentiated in neonates, suggesting a role of maturation and experience in shaping these connections later in life.


Assuntos
Tonsila do Cerebelo/fisiologia , Complexo Nuclear Basolateral da Amígdala/fisiologia , Mapeamento Encefálico/métodos , Córtex Cerebral/fisiologia , Conectoma , Vias Neurais/fisiologia , Lobo Occipital/fisiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Recém-Nascido , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
15.
Science ; 369(6511): 1567-1568, 2020 09 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32973020
16.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1255: 231-247, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32949404

RESUMO

The single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) is a powerful tool for exploring the complexity, clusters, and specific functions of the brain cells. Using scRNA-seq, the heterogeneity and changes in transcriptomic profiles of a single neuron were defined during dynamic development and differentiation of cells in cerebral cortex regions, and in the pathogenesis of neurological diseases. One of the great challenges is that the brain sample is susceptible to interference and confounding. More advanced methodologies of computational systems biology need to be developed to overcome the inherent interference and technical differences in the detection of single-cell signals. It is expected that scRNA-seq will be extended to metabolic profiles of the single neuron cell on basis of transcriptional profiles and regulatory networks. It is also expected if the transcriptional profiles can be integrated with molecular and functional phenomes in a single neuron and with disease-specific phenomes to understand molecular mechanisms of brain development and disease occurrence. scRNA-seq will provide the new emerging neurological disciple of the artificial intelligent single neuron for deep understanding of brain diseases.


Assuntos
Córtex Cerebral/embriologia , Córtex Cerebral/metabolismo , RNA-Seq , Análise de Célula Única , Encefalopatias/genética , Encefalopatias/metabolismo , Encefalopatias/patologia , Córtex Cerebral/citologia , Humanos , Transcriptoma
17.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4340, 2020 09 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32895386

RESUMO

Healthy cognitive ageing is a societal and public health priority. Cerebrovascular risk factors increase the likelihood of dementia in older people but their impact on cognitive ageing in younger, healthy brains is less clear. The UK Biobank provides cognition and brain imaging measures in the largest population cohort studied to date. Here we show that cognitive abilities of healthy individuals (N = 22,059) in this sample are detrimentally affected by cerebrovascular risk factors. Structural equation modelling revealed that cerebrovascular risk is associated with reduced cerebral grey matter and white matter integrity within a fronto-parietal brain network underlying executive function. Notably, higher systolic blood pressure was associated with worse executive cognitive function in mid-life (44-69 years), but not in late-life (>70 years). During mid-life this association did not occur in the systolic range of 110-140 mmHg. These findings suggest cerebrovascular risk factors impact on brain structure and cognitive function in healthy people.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/fisiopatologia , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/fisiopatologia , Transtornos Cognitivos/fisiopatologia , Envelhecimento Saudável , Adulto , Idoso , Pressão Sanguínea , Mapeamento Encefálico/métodos , Córtex Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Coortes , Função Executiva/fisiologia , Feminino , Substância Cinzenta/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Substância Branca/fisiopatologia
18.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 5299-5315, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32884256

RESUMO

Purpose: Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnONPs) are one of the most important nanomaterials that are widely used in the food, cosmetic and medical industries. Humans are often exposed to ZnONPs via inhalation, and they may reach the brain where neurotoxic effects could occur via systemic distribution. However, the mechanisms underlying how ZnONPs produce neurotoxic effects in the brain remain unclear. In this study, we aimed to investigate the novel mechanism involved in ZnONPs-induced neurotoxicity. Methods and Results: We demonstrated for the first time that pulmonary exposure to ZnONPs by intratracheal instillation could trigger ferroptosis, a new form of cell death, in the neuronal cells of mouse cerebral cortex. A similar phenomenon was also observed in cultured neuron-like PC-12 cell line. By using a specific inhibitor of ferroptosis ferrostatin-1 (Fer-1), our results showed that inhibition of ferroptosis by Fer-1 could significantly alleviate the ZnONPs-induced neuronal cell death both in vivo and in vitro. Mechanistic investigation revealed that ZnONPs selectively activated the JNK pathway and thus resulted in the ferroptotic phenotypes, JNK inhibitor SP600125 could reverse lipid peroxidation upregulation and ferroptotic cell death induced by ZnONPs in PC-12 cells. Conclusion: Taken together, this study not only demonstrates that pulmonary exposure of ZnONPs can induce JNK-involved ferroptotic cell death in mouse cortex and PC-12 cells, but also provides a clue that inhibition of ferroptosis by specific agents or drugs may serve as a feasible approach for reducing the untreatable neurotoxicity induced by ZnONPs.


Assuntos
Ferroptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Neurônios/efeitos dos fármacos , Síndromes Neurotóxicas/patologia , Óxido de Zinco/toxicidade , Administração por Inalação , Animais , Antracenos/farmacologia , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Córtex Cerebral/efeitos dos fármacos , Córtex Cerebral/patologia , Cicloexilaminas/farmacologia , Ferroptose/fisiologia , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Nanopartículas Metálicas/administração & dosagem , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Neurônios/patologia , Síndromes Neurotóxicas/etiologia , Células PC12 , Fenilenodiaminas/farmacologia , Ratos , Óxido de Zinco/administração & dosagem
19.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(10): 105126, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32912499

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Long non-coding RNAs (LncRNAs) have been reported to play important roles in the pathogenesis and development of many diseases, including cerebral ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury. In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of LncRNA-Potassium Voltage-Gated Channel Subfamily Q Member 1 opposite strand/antisense transcript 1 (KCNQ1OT1) in cerebral I/R induced neuronal injury, and its underlying mechanisms. METHODS: Primary mouse cerebral cortical neurons treated with oxygen-glucose deprivation and reoxygenation (OGD/R) in vitro and mice subjected to middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) and reperfusion were used to mimic cerebral I/R injury. Small inference RNA (siRNA) was used to knockdown KCNQ1OT1 or microRNA-153-3p (miR-153-3p). Dual-luciferase assay was performed to detect the interaction between KCNQ1OT1 and miR-153-3p and interaction between miR-153-3p and Fork head box O3a (Foxo3). Flow cytometry analysis was performed to detect neuronal apoptosis. qRT-PCR and Western blotting were performed to detect RNA and protein expressions. RESULTS: KCNQ1OT1 and Foxo3 expressions were significantly increased in neurons subjected to I/R injury in vitro and in vivo, and miR-153-3p expression were significantly decreased. Knockdown of KCNQ1OT1 or overexpression of miR-153-3p weakened OGD/R-induced neuronal injury and regulated Foxo3 expressions. Dual-luciferase analysis showed that KCNQ1OT1 directly interacted with miR-153-3p and Foxo3 is a direct target of miR-153-3p. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that LncRNA-KCNQ1OT1 promotes OGD/R-induced neuronal injury at least partially through acting as a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) for miR-153-3p to regulate Foxo3a expression, suggesting LncRNA-KCNQ1OT1 as a potential therapeutic target for cerebral I/R injury.


Assuntos
Córtex Cerebral/metabolismo , Proteína Forkhead Box O3/metabolismo , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/terapia , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Neurônios/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/metabolismo , Reperfusão/efeitos adversos , Animais , Hipóxia Celular , Células Cultivadas , Córtex Cerebral/patologia , Proteína Forkhead Box O3/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Glucose/deficiência , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/genética , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/metabolismo , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , MicroRNAs/genética , Neurônios/patologia , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/genética , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/patologia , Transdução de Sinais
20.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(10): 105150, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32912504

RESUMO

Hemichorea and other hyperkinetic movement disorders are a rare presentation of stroke, usually secondary to deep infarctions affecting the basal ganglia and the thalamus. Chorea can also result from lesions limited to the cortex, as shown in recent reports. Still, the pathophysiology of this form of cortical stroke-related chorea remains unknown. We report 4 cases of acute ischemic cortical strokes presenting as hemichorea, with the infarction being limited to the parietal and insular cortex in perfusion computed tomography scans and magnetic resonance imaging. These cases suggest potential dysfunction of pathways connecting these cortical regions with the basal ganglia.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/complicações , Córtex Cerebral/irrigação sanguínea , Coreia/etiologia , Lobo Parietal/irrigação sanguínea , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Idoso , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia Encefálica/fisiopatologia , Isquemia Encefálica/terapia , Coreia/diagnóstico , Coreia/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
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