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1.
Ann Plast Surg ; 80(2S Suppl 1): S55-S58, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29369100

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Plantar hyperkeratosis, such as corns and calluses, is common in older people and associated with pain, mobility impairment, and functional limitations. It usually develops on the palms, knees, or soles of feet, especially under the heels or balls. There are several treatment methods for plantar hyperkeratosis, such as salicylic acid plaster and scalpel debridement, and conservative modalities, such as using a shoe insert and properly fitting shoes. METHODS: We present an effective method of reconstructing the wound after corn excision using a split-thickness sole skin graft (STSSG). We harvested the skin graft from the arch of the sole using the dermatome with a skin thickness of 14/1000th inches. RESULTS: Because the split-thickness skin graft, harvested from the sole arch near the distal sole, is much thicker than the split-thickness skin graft from the thigh, it is more resistant to weight and friction. The healed wound with STSSG coverage over the distal sole was intact, and the donor site over the sole arch had healed without complication during the outpatient follow-up, 3 months after surgery. CONCLUSIONS: The recovery time of STSSG for corn excision is shorter than that with traditional treatment. Therefore, STSSG can be a reliable alternative treatment for recurrent palmoplantar hyperkeratosis.


Assuntos
Calosidades/cirurgia , Doenças do Pé/cirurgia , Placa Plantar/cirurgia , Transplante de Pele/métodos , Cicatrização/fisiologia , Idoso , Calosidades/diagnóstico , Estudos de Coortes , Desbridamento/métodos , Feminino , Doenças do Pé/diagnóstico , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Placa Plantar/fisiopatologia , Prognóstico , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Coleta de Tecidos e Órgãos/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
J Foot Ankle Res ; 10: 45, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29046725

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The management of plantar corns and callus has a low cost-benefit with reduced prioritisation in healthcare. The distinction between types of keratin lesions that forms corns and callus has attracted limited interest. Observation is imperative to improving diagnostic predictions and a number of studies point to some confusion as to how best to achieve this. The use of photographic observation has been proposed to improve our understanding of intractable keratin lesions. METHODS: Students from a podiatry school reviewed photographs where plantar keratin lesions were divided into four nominal groups; light callus (Grade 1), heavy defined callus (Grade 2), concentric keratin plugs (Grade 3) and callus with deeper density changes under the forefoot (Grade 4). A group of 'experts' assigned from qualified podiatrists validated the observer rated responses by the students. RESULTS: Cohen's weighted statistic (k) was used to measure inter-observer reliability. First year students (unskilled) performed less well when viewing photographs (k = 0.33) compared to third year students (semi-skilled, k = 0.62). The experts performed better than students (k = 0.88) providing consistency with wound care models in other studies. CONCLUSIONS: Improved clinical annotation of clinical features, supported by classification of keratin- based lesions, combined with patient outcome tools, could improve the scientific rationale to prioritise patient care. Problems associated with photographic assessment involves trying to differentiate similar lesions without the benefit of direct palpation. Direct observation of callus with and without debridement requires further investigation alongside the model proposed in this paper.


Assuntos
Calosidades/diagnóstico , Podiatria/normas , Calosidades/classificação , Humanos , Variações Dependentes do Observador
3.
Trials ; 17(1): 251, 2016 05 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27189190

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Callus is one of the most common foot skin complaints experienced by people of all ages. These painful and unsightly lesions often result in disability. The 'gold standard' of treatment is scalpel debridement by a trained specialist; however, people also seek over-the-counter remedies. There is a lack of clinical evidence for the efficacy of such products, which makes selection by patients and practitioners difficult. METHODS: This randomised, three-armed, parallel, comparative trial aimed to test the efficacy of two home treatments for plantar callus using novel, objective outcome measures (skin hydration using the capacitance method; elasticity using negative pressure application; and surface texture using imaging). Additional outcome measures were: size of callus, quality of life (Foot Health Status Questionnaire) and self-reported participant satisfaction and compliance. The results were compared to a podiatry treatment. Participants were randomly allocated to one of three groups: potassium hydroxide (KOH, 40 %); trichloroacetic acid (TCA); and podiatry treatment. Participants were followed for 3 weeks after their initial intervention appointment (days 7, 14 and 21). The primary outcomes were the change from baseline in callus hydration, elasticity, texture, and size at each of the three time points. The secondary outcomes where: change in quality of life 21 days after treatment; resolution of calluses via visual inspection; and participant compliance and perception. RESULTS: Forty-six participants (61 ft) with plantar calluses were recruited. The podiatry treatment showed immediate and significant changes in all objective outcomes, associated foot pain and function (p <0.01). Lesser changes in skin quality and perceived pain and functional benefits occurred with TCA and KOH over 21 days. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study where objective outcome measures have been used to measure changes in the nature of skin in response to callus treatments. We found significant differences in plantar callus in response to podiatry and two home treatments. The podiatry treatment showed immediate and significant changes in skin and associated foot pain and function. Lesser, but sometimes comparable, changes in skin and perceived pain and functional benefits occurred with TCA and KOH over 21 days. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN14751843 : date of registration: 30 April 2015.


Assuntos
Calosidades/terapia , Cáusticos/administração & dosagem , Desbridamento , Doenças do Pé/terapia , Hidróxidos/administração & dosagem , Podiatria/métodos , Compostos de Potássio/administração & dosagem , Pele , Ácido Tricloroacético/administração & dosagem , Administração Cutânea , Adulto , Idoso , Calosidades/diagnóstico , Calosidades/fisiopatologia , Cáusticos/efeitos adversos , Desbridamento/efeitos adversos , Elasticidade , Inglaterra , Feminino , Doenças do Pé/diagnóstico , Doenças do Pé/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Hidróxidos/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Cooperação do Paciente , Satisfação do Paciente , Compostos de Potássio/efeitos adversos , Qualidade de Vida , Pele/metabolismo , Pele/patologia , Pele/fisiopatologia , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Pele , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Ácido Tricloroacético/efeitos adversos , Água/metabolismo , Adulto Jovem
4.
Cutis ; 97(3): 202;204, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27023088

RESUMO

Plantar warts can be distinguished from calluses using the squeeze maneuver, a quick and easy method to diagnose plantar warts. This technique negates the need for an expensive diagnostic tool.


Assuntos
Calosidades/diagnóstico , Doenças do Pé/diagnóstico , Verrugas/diagnóstico , Calosidades/patologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Doenças do Pé/patologia , Humanos , Verrugas/patologia
8.
Orthopedics ; 37(12): e1063-7, 2014 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25437079

RESUMO

Pedobarography can quantify static and dynamic foot pressure. Despite an increase in the clinical use of pedobarography, the results and the clinical diagnosis do not always correlate, leading to confusion and misdiagnosis. The authors evaluated the potential of pedobarography to diagnose several diseases associated with abnormal pressure across the plantar surface. The study included 72 patients (96 cases) between January 2009 and August 2012 with symptoms of excessive plantar pressure. The average age was 50.9 years (range, 18-92). Patients had the lesion for an average of 17 months (range, 8-29). Pedobarographic measurements were used to evaluate the compatibility between the highest pressure on pedobarography and the clinical peak pressure with plantar ulcers or calluses. Maximal peak pressure was evaluated by static and dynamic measurements using numeric and graphic measurements in pedobarography. The diagnostic validity of pedobarography was analyzed by comparing clinical peak pressure and pedobarographic measurements. The diagnostic validity of pedobarography was 17.7% to 51% for static measurement and 13.5% to 49% for dynamic measurement. The diagnostic validity of pedobarography was low for intractable plantar keratosis and metatarsal head callus associated with metatarsophalangeal dislocation in rheumatoid arthritis. However, it was 57% to 100% for Charcot arthropathy with midfoot ulcers. When used to compare numeric pressure and graphic peak pressure for each part of the foot, pedobarography showed low diagnostic correlation. Based on the study results, the diagnostic validity of pedobarography is low.


Assuntos
Doenças do Pé/diagnóstico , Pé/fisiopatologia , Pressão , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Artrite Reumatoide/fisiopatologia , Artropatia Neurogênica/complicações , Calosidades/diagnóstico , Feminino , Úlcera do Pé/diagnóstico , Humanos , Ceratose/diagnóstico , Masculino , Ossos do Metatarso/fisiopatologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Podiatria/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Adulto Jovem
9.
PLoS One ; 9(4): e93647, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24705282

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Similar clinical appearances prevent accurate diagnosis of two common skin diseases, clavus and verruca. In this study, electrical impedance is employed as a novel tool to generate a predictive model for differentiating these two diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used 29 clavus and 28 verruca lesions. To obtain impedance parameters, a LCR-meter system was applied to measure capacitance (C), resistance (Re), impedance magnitude (Z), and phase angle (θ). These values were combined with lesion thickness (d) to characterize the tissue specimens. The results from clavus and verruca were then fitted to a univariate logistic regression model with the generalized estimating equations (GEE) method. In model generation, log ZSD and θSD were formulated as predictors by fitting a multiple logistic regression model with the same GEE method. The potential nonlinear effects of covariates were detected by fitting generalized additive models (GAM). Moreover, the model was validated by the goodness-of-fit (GOF) assessments. RESULTS: Significant mean differences of the index d, Re, Z, and θ are found between clavus and verruca (p<0.001). A final predictive model is established with Z and θ indices. The model fits the observed data quite well. In GOF evaluation, the area under the receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve is 0.875 (>0.7), the adjusted generalized R2 is 0.512 (>0.3), and the p value of the Hosmer-Lemeshow GOF test is 0.350 (>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: This technique promises to provide an approved model for differential diagnosis of clavus and verruca. It could provide a rapid, relatively low-cost, safe and non-invasive screening tool in clinic use.


Assuntos
Calosidades/diagnóstico , Impedância Elétrica , Verrugas/diagnóstico , Área Sob a Curva , Calosidades/patologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Curva ROC , Verrugas/patologia
10.
Dermatol Online J ; 19(5): 18177, 2013 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24011277

RESUMO

Knuckle pads are a rare, frequently overlooked, thickening of the skin usually overlying the extensor surface of the proximal interphalangeal joints. They are well- circumscribed, benign lesions that generally do not require treatment. Idiopathic knuckle pads must be differentiated from similar appearing lesions or trauma-induced pseudo-knuckle pads. Knuckle pads have been observed in association with autosomal dominant conditions such as Bart-Pumphrey syndrome, Dupuytren's contracture, Ledderhose disease, and Peyronie's disease. To the best of our knowledge, idiopathic familial knuckle pads have not previously been described in the English language literature. We describe a sister and brother with familial idiopathic knuckle pads with no associated conditions.


Assuntos
Articulações dos Dedos/patologia , Deformidades Adquiridas da Mão/genética , Ceratose/genética , Adolescente , Calosidades/diagnóstico , Pré-Escolar , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Deformidades Adquiridas da Mão/patologia , Humanos , Ceratose/patologia , Masculino , Irmãos , Adulto Jovem
11.
Trials ; 14: 243, 2013 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23915078

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Plantar calluses are a common cause of foot pain, which can have a detrimental impact on the mobility and independence of older people. Scalpel debridement is often the first treatment used for this condition. Our aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of scalpel debridement of painful plantar calluses in older people. METHODS: This study was a parallel-group, participant- and assessor-blinded randomized trial. Eighty participants aged 65 years and older with painful forefoot plantar calluses were recruited. Participants were randomly allocated to one of two groups: either real or sham scalpel debridement. Participants were followed for six weeks after their initial intervention appointment. The primary outcomes measured were the difference between groups in pain (measured on a 100-mm visual analogue scale) immediately post-intervention, and at one, three and six weeks post-intervention. RESULTS: Both the real debridement and sham debridement groups experienced a reduction in pain when compared with baseline. Small, systematic between-group differences in pain scores were found at each time point (between 2 and 7 mm favoring real scalpel debridement); however, none of these were statistically significant and none reached a level that could be considered clinically worthwhile. Scalpel debridement caused no adverse events. CONCLUSIONS: The benefits of real scalpel debridement for reducing pain associated with forefoot plantar calluses in older people are small and not statistically significant compared with sham scalpel debridement. When used alone, scalpel debridement has a limited effect in the short term, although it is relatively inexpensive and causes few complications. However, these findings do not preclude the possibility of cumulative benefits over a longer time period or additive effects when combined with other interventions. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Australian Clinical Trials Registry (ACTRN012606000176561).


Assuntos
Calosidades/cirurgia , Desbridamento/instrumentação , Instrumentos Cirúrgicos , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Análise de Variância , Calosidades/diagnóstico , Desbridamento/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Medição da Dor , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Vitória
12.
Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir ; 45(1): 42-5, 2013 Feb.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23519716

RESUMO

Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common maligne primary tumour of the hand. It is almost always located on the dorsum of the hand, an occurrence in the palm is very rare. Usually these tumours are recognised early because of their clinical presentation and visible location. We report on a case in which the patient presented in our hospital only due to a massive mechanical impairment of his hand function through an oversized squamous cell carcinoma. On the basis of this case the therapeutic algorithm for large squamous cell carcinoma in the palm is illustrated and discussed.


Assuntos
Calosidades/diagnóstico , Calosidades/cirurgia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Deformidades Adquiridas da Mão/diagnóstico , Deformidades Adquiridas da Mão/cirurgia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/cirurgia , Algoritmos , Calosidades/patologia , Calosidades/fisiopatologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/fisiopatologia , Seguimentos , Deformidades Adquiridas da Mão/patologia , Deformidades Adquiridas da Mão/fisiopatologia , Força da Mão/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reoperação , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/fisiopatologia , Retalhos Cirúrgicos/cirurgia , Carga Tumoral
14.
Sports Med ; 41(9): 709-19, 2011 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21846161

RESUMO

Figure skaters, ice-hockey players and speed skaters experience a range of dermatologic conditions and tissue-related injuries on account of mechanical trauma, infectious pathogens, inflammatory processes and environmental factors related to these competitive pursuits. Sports medicine practitioners, family physicians, dermatologists and coaches should be familiar with these skin conditions to ensure timely and accurate diagnosis and management of affected athletes. This review is Part I of a subsequent companion review and provides a comprehensive review of mechanical dermatoses experienced by ice-skating athletes, including skater's nodules and its variants, pump bumps, piezogenic pedal papules, talon noir, skate/lace bite, friction bullae, corns and calluses, onychocryptosis, skater's toe and skate blade-induced lacerations. These injuries result from friction, shear forces, chronic pressure and collisions with surfaces that occur when athletes endure repetitive jump landings, accelerated starts and stops and other manoeuvres during rigorous training and competition. Ill-fitting skates, improper lacing techniques and insufficient lubrication or protective padding of the foot and ankle often contribute to the development of skin conditions that result from these physical and mechanical stresses. As we will explain, simple measures can frequently prevent the development of these conditions. The treatment of skater's nodules involves reduction in chronic stimulation of the malleoli, and the use of keratolytics and intralesional steroid injections; if malleolar bursitis develops, bursa aspirations may be required. Pump bumps, which result from repetitive friction posteriorly, can be prevented by wearing skates that fit correctly at the heel. Piezogenic pedal papules may be treated conservatively by using heel cups, compressive stockings and by reducing prolonged standing. Talon noir usually resolves without intervention within several weeks. The treatment of skate bite is centred on reducing compression by the skate tongue of the extensor tendons of the anterior ankle, which can be accomplished by use of proper lacing techniques, increasing pliability of the skate tongue and using protective padding, such as Bunga Pads™. Anti-inflammatory medications and cold compresses can also help reduce inflammation. Friction bullae are best managed by careful lancing of painful blisters and application of petrolatum or protective dressings to accelerate healing; preventative measures include the use of well fitting skates, proper lacing techniques and moisture-wicking socks. Corns and calluses are similarly best prevented by the use of well fitted skates and orthotic devices. Symptomatic, debridement reduces the irritant effect of the thick epidermis, and can be accomplished by soaking the area in warm water followed by paring. Application of creams with high concentrations of urea or salicylic acid can also soften callosities. Cases of onychocryptosis benefit from warm soaks, antibiotic ointments and topical steroids to reduce inflammation, but sometimes chemical or surgical matricectomies are required. Preventative measures of both onychocryptosis and skater's toe include cutting toenails straight across to allow for a more equal distribution of forces within the toe box. Finally, the prevention and treatment of lacerations, which constitute a potentially fatal type of mechanical injury, require special protective gear and acute surgical intervention with appropriate suturing. The subsequent companion review of skin conditions in ice skaters will discuss infectious, inflammatory and cold-induced dermatoses, with continued emphasis on clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.


Assuntos
Hóquei/lesões , Patinação/lesões , Dermatopatias/diagnóstico , Dermatopatias/terapia , Atletas , Calosidades/diagnóstico , Calosidades/etiologia , Calosidades/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Lacerações/diagnóstico , Lacerações/etiologia , Lacerações/terapia , Masculino , Dermatopatias/etiologia , Estresse Mecânico
15.
J Hand Surg Am ; 36(6): 1039-41, 2011 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21489722

RESUMO

A 37-year-old man underwent excision of what was presumed to be knuckle pads associated with Dupuytren disease. The histology revealed granuloma annulare, which is typically treated nonsurgically. This report includes a discussion of granuloma annulare and its differentiation from knuckle pads.


Assuntos
Calosidades/diagnóstico , Articulações dos Dedos/cirurgia , Dedos/cirurgia , Granuloma Anular/diagnóstico , Adulto , Calosidades/patologia , Calosidades/cirurgia , Erros de Diagnóstico , Contratura de Dupuytren/complicações , Articulações dos Dedos/patologia , Dedos/patologia , Seguimentos , Granuloma Anular/patologia , Granuloma Anular/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva
17.
Diabetes Technol Ther ; 12(12): 1011-7, 2010 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21128848

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to determine the validity and reliability of assessing the presence of plantar foot ulceration and pre-ulcerative lesions in diabetes patients from digital photographs that were produced using a new photographic foot imaging device. METHODS: In 32 diabetes patients who had a foot ulcer or were at high risk of ulceration (a total of 60 feet), high-quality photographic images of the plantar foot surface were collected. Each foot was assessed live, from photographs 2 weeks later, and again 4 weeks later for the presence of an ulcer, abundant callus, or the absence of signs. Each foot was assessed by four independently operating foot care specialists. Agreement scores were calculated using κ values (range, 0-1). Sensitivity and specificity scores were also calculated. RESULTS: Foot ulceration was cumulatively scored 59 times, callus 78 times, and absence of signs 149 times during live assessment. Agreement with photographic assessment was very good for ulcer (κ = 0.87) and absence of signs (κ = 0.83) and good for callus (κ = 0.61). Sensitivity and specificity were high for ulcer (88% and 98%, respectively), callus (69% and 89%, respectively), and absence of signs (both 90%). Intra-observer agreement between repeated photographic assessments was good to excellent for all outcomes and observers (κ between 0.70 and 1.00). Inter-observer agreement for photographic assessments was good for ulcer (κ = 0.72-0.88) and absence of signs (κ = 0.59-0.75) and moderate to good for callus (κ = 0.48-0.73). For live assessment, inter-observer agreement scores were only slightly higher. CONCLUSIONS: The data illustrate that diabetic foot ulcers and pre-ulcerative lesions can be diagnosed in a valid and reliable manner by trained professionals from digital photographs produced with the foot imaging device. This supports the intended use of the device as a telemedical monitoring tool in the home environment for early detection of diabetic foot disease and prevention of severe complications in high-risk diabetes patients.


Assuntos
Calosidades/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/fisiopatologia , Pé Diabético/diagnóstico , Fotografação/métodos , Calosidades/fisiopatologia , Pé Diabético/fisiopatologia , Pé Diabético/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Fotografação/normas , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
18.
Int J Low Extrem Wounds ; 9(2): 84-9, 2010 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20483807

RESUMO

A number of studies have reported an association between callus formation and the development of foot ulcers in diabetic patients. However, it has been noted that calluses may continue to form in spite of bed rest and, presumably, excellent patient compliance with offloading. Additionally, the authors have noted that, histologically, calluses in the diabetic foot often resemble lesions induced by human papillomavirus (HPV). As diabetes is associated with immune depression, the authors hypothesized that HPV may play at least a partial role in the pathogenesis of calluses in diabetic patients. The objective of the reported study was to determine whether calluses around diabetic neuropathic foot ulcers are associated with HPV infection. The authors carried out biopsies on 11 independent calluses from 6 patients with diabetic foot ulcers and analyzed each sample by histology and by nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR), screening for the presence of DNA from HPV-1, -2, -3, -4, -6, -10, -11, -16, -18, -27, -28, -29, -31, -41, -50, -57, -60, -63, -65, and -77. The callus biopsy specimens showed histological evidence of koilocytes, papillary hyperplasia, hypergranulosis, and hyperkeratosis, a picture very similar to HPV cutaneous infection. However, nested PCR using positive and negative controls did not show detectable levels of HPV DNA. The authors therefore conclude that HPV infection is unlikely to play a significant role in diabetic foot callus pathogenesis, in spite of histological findings similar to those seen with verruca vulgaris.


Assuntos
Alphapapillomavirus/isolamento & purificação , Calosidades/virologia , Pé Diabético/patologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/patologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Alphapapillomavirus/genética , Calosidades/diagnóstico , Calosidades/patologia , Pé Diabético/diagnóstico , Pé Diabético/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Papillomavirus/genética , Fatores de Risco
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