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Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445457


Strigolactones (SLs) regulate plant shoot development by inhibiting axillary bud growth and branching. However, the role of SLs in wintersweet (Chimonanthus praecox) shoot branching remains unknown. Here, we identified and isolated two wintersweet genes, CCD7 and CCD8, involved in the SL biosynthetic pathway. Quantitative real-time PCR revealed that CpCCD7 and CpCCD8 were down-regulated in wintersweet during branching. When new shoots were formed, expression levels of CpCCD7 and CpCCD8 were almost the same as the control (un-decapitation). CpCCD7 was expressed in all tissues, with the highest expression in shoot tips and roots, while CpCCD8 showed the highest expression in roots. Both CpCCD7 and CpCCD8 localized to chloroplasts in Arabidopsis. CpCCD7 and CpCCD8 overexpression restored the phenotypes of branching mutant max3-9 and max4-1, respectively. CpCCD7 overexpression reduced the rosette branch number, whereas CpCCD8 overexpression lines showed no phenotypic differences compared with wild-type plants. Additionally, the expression of AtBRC1 was significantly up-regulated in transgenic lines, indicating that two CpCCD genes functioned similarly to the homologous genes of the Arabidopsis. Overall, our study demonstrates that CpCCD7 and CpCCD8 exhibit conserved functions in the CCD pathway, which controls shoot development in wintersweet. This research provides a molecular and theoretical basis for further understanding branch development in wintersweet.

Arabidopsis , Calycanthaceae/genética , Dioxigenases , Genes de Plantas , Proteínas de Plantas , Raízes de Plantas , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas , Arabidopsis/enzimologia , Arabidopsis/genética , Calycanthaceae/enzimologia , Dioxigenases/biossíntese , Dioxigenases/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/biossíntese , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Raízes de Plantas/enzimologia , Raízes de Plantas/genética , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/enzimologia , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/genética
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 40(21): 4160-4, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27071249


Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase is main regulatory enzyme for pentose phosphate pathway. To amplify the core sequence of G6PDH gene from Chimonanthus praecox, the primers were synthesized, based on the conserved nucleotide sequence of other reported plant G6PDH genes. The specific primers were designed according to the major fragment. The full length cDNA of the G6PDH1 gene was isolated by the 3' and 5' rapid amplification of cDNA ends approach. Transcript levels of G6PDH1 isoform was measured by real-time quantitative RT-PCR in different tissues and in responds to cold treatment. The G6PDH1 subcellular localization, transmembrane domain, three-dimensional structure, and phylogenetic analysis were predicted by different software to analysis the bioinformatics of G6PDH1 protein. The G6PDH1 cDNA sequence was 2 011 bp in length and consisted of 1 551 bp Open Reading Frame (ORF) , encoding a protein of 516 amino acids. Expression analysis results in different tissues showed that G6PDH1 was primarily observed in flowers and roots, as opposed to the leaves and stems. Cold treatment experiments indicated that cold treatment caused a rapid increase in G6PDH1 expression in flowers within 12 h. The full-length cDNA of G6PDH1 and its expression analysis will play an important role for further study on cold stress responses in Ch. praecox.

Calycanthaceae/enzimologia , Clonagem Molecular , Glucosefosfato Desidrogenase/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Calycanthaceae/química , Calycanthaceae/classificação , Calycanthaceae/genética , Estabilidade Enzimática , Glucosefosfato Desidrogenase/química , Glucosefosfato Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Modelos Moleculares , Fases de Leitura Aberta , Filogenia , Proteínas de Plantas/química , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo
Z Naturforsch C J Biosci ; 63(7-8): 569-73, 2008.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18811004


Changes in peroxidase (POD), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) activities were studied during Chimonanthus praecox seed maturation. According to our findings the protein content increased steadily from 8 to 12 weeks after flowering, and thereafter decreased significantly. Similarly, SOD and POD activities increased gradually up to 12 weeks after flowering and then declined. PAL activity declined gradually during seed maturation. CAT activity, however, showed no changes during seed maturation. By means of polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE), SOD and POD isoenzymes were observed during seed maturation. The staining intensities of SOD and POD isoenzymes correlated well with SOD and POD activities as obtained by an assay in solution. These findings suggest that POD, SOD and PAL may be involved in the growth and development during Chimonanthus praecox seed maturation.

Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Calycanthaceae/embriologia , Fenilalanina Amônia-Liase/metabolismo , Sementes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Calycanthaceae/enzimologia , Eletroforese em Gel de Poliacrilamida