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1.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1232: 401-408, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31893437

RESUMO

Parkinson's disease, a progressive neurodegenerative disease, is caused by the loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra (SN). It is characterized by the formation of intracytoplasmic Lewy bodies that are primarily composed of the protein alpha-synuclein (α-syn), along with dystrophic neurites. Acupuncture stimulation results in an enhanced survival of dopaminergic neurons in the SN in Parkinsonism animal models. We investigated the role of acupuncture in inhibiting the increase in α-syn expression that is related to dopaminergic cell loss in the SN in a chronic 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) Parkinsonism mouse model. In this model, acupuncture stimulation at GB34 and LR3 attenuated the decrease in tyrosine hydroxylase in the SN. Moreover, acupuncture stimulation attenuated the increase in α-syn in SN. Acupuncture stimulation also maintained the phosphorylated α-syn on serine 129 at levels similar to the control group. Our findings indicate that the MPTP-mediated increase in α-syn, and the acupuncture-mediated inhibition of the increase in α-syn, may be responsible for the neuroprotective effects of acupuncture in the SN following damage induced by MPTP.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Transtornos Parkinsonianos , Substância Negra , alfa-Sinucleína , 1-Metil-4-Fenil-1,2,3,6-Tetra-Hidropiridina , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Neurônios Dopaminérgicos/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Fármacos Neuroprotetores , Transtornos Parkinsonianos/induzido quimicamente , Substância Negra/metabolismo , Tirosina 3-Mono-Oxigenase/metabolismo , alfa-Sinucleína/metabolismo
2.
Gene ; 725: 144191, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31654705

RESUMO

Caloric restriction (CR) has long been known to increase median and maximal lifespans and to decrease mortality and morbidity in short-lived animal models, likely by altering fundamental biological processes that regulate aging and longevity. However, the detailed mechanisms of immunomodulation by CR remain unclear. In this study, we established a mouse model for CR and analyzed the changes of immune cells in these mice. The CR mice fed a calorie-restricted diet for 4 weeks had lower body weight and fat mass compared with control mice. The proportions of CD4+, CD8+, and naïve CD4+ T cells in spleen cells from CR mice were higher than those in of control mice. Additionally, the proportion of CD8+ T cells was significantly decreased and the mRNA expression of proinflammatory cytokines in the colon of CR mice was significantly decreased compared with those of control mice. To determine the effect of CR on microRNA (miRNA) expression, serum and tissues were collected from mice and the expression level of miRNA was analyzed by real-time RT-PCR. As a result, the expressions of miR-16-5p, miR-196b-5p, and miR-218-5p in serum from CR mice were higher than those in control mice. The expression of miR-16-5p increased in the spleen, thymus, colon, and stomach of CR mice compared with expression in control mice. Furthermore, RAW264 cells transfected with a miR-16-5p mimic significantly decreased the mRNA expression of IL-1ß, IL-6, and TNF-α under LPS stimulation. These results suggested that miR-16-5p might be a critical factor involving the anti-inflammatory effects of calorie-restricted feeding.


Assuntos
Macrófagos/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Envelhecimento/metabolismo , Animais , Restrição Calórica/métodos , Citocinas/genética , Citocinas/metabolismo , Dietoterapia , Inflamação/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Modelos Animais , Células RAW 264.7 , Ativação Transcricional , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Regulação para Cima
3.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 18: eAO4876, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31576909

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of sericin extracted from silkworm Bombyx mori cocoon on morphophysiological parameters in mice with obesity induced by high-fat diet. METHODS: Male C57Bl6 mice aged 9 weeks were allocated to one of two groups - Control and Obese, and fed a standard or high-fat diet for 10 weeks, respectively. Mice were then further subdivided into four groups with seven mice each, as follows: Control, Control-Sericin, Obese, and Obese-Sericin. The standard or high fat diet was given for 4 more weeks; sericin (1,000mg/kg body weight) was given orally to mice in the Control-Sericin and Obese-Sericin Groups during this period. Weight gain, food intake, fecal weight, fecal lipid content, gut motility and glucose tolerance were monitored. At the end of experimental period, plasma was collected for biochemical analysis. Samples of white adipose tissue, liver and jejunum were collected and processed for light microscopy analysis; liver fragments were used for lipid content determination. RESULTS: Obese mice experienced significantly greater weight gain and fat accumulation and had higher total cholesterol and glucose levels compared to controls. Retroperitoneal and periepididymal adipocyte hypertrophy, development of hepatic steatosis, increased cholesterol and triglyceride levels and morphometric changes in the jejunal wall were observed. CONCLUSION: Physiological changes induced by obesity were not fully reverted by sericin; however, sericin treatment restored jejunal morphometry and increased lipid excretion in feces in obese mice, suggesting potential anti-obesity effects.


Assuntos
Fármacos Antiobesidade/uso terapêutico , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Obesidade/tratamento farmacológico , Sericinas/uso terapêutico , Tecido Adiposo/patologia , Animais , Fármacos Antiobesidade/farmacologia , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Colesterol/análise , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Ingestão de Alimentos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado Gorduroso/patologia , Trânsito Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Teste de Tolerância a Glucose , Fígado/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Obesos , Obesidade/etiologia , Obesidade/fisiopatologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sericinas/farmacologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Triglicerídeos/análise , Ganho de Peso/efeitos dos fármacos
4.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 35(1): 50-58, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31656107

RESUMO

GPR119 is a promising target for discovery of anti-type 2 diabetes mellitus agents. We described the optimisation of a novel series of pyrimido[5,4-b][1,4]oxazine derivatives as GPR119 agonists. Most designed compounds exhibited good agonistic activities. Among them, compound 10 and 15 demonstrated the potent EC50 values (13 and 12 nM, respectively) and strong inherent activities. Moreover, significant hypoglycaemic effect of compound 15 was observed by reducing the blood glucose AUC0-2h at the dose of 30 mg/kg, which is stronger than Vildagliptin (23.4% reduction vs. 17.9% reduction).


Assuntos
Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Oxazinas/farmacologia , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/agonistas , Animais , Glicemia/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Teste de Tolerância a Glucose , Humanos , Hipoglicemiantes/síntese química , Hipoglicemiantes/química , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Estrutura Molecular , Oxazinas/síntese química , Oxazinas/química , Pirimidinas/síntese química , Pirimidinas/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
5.
Gut ; 69(1): 146-157, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30723104

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We explored the hypothesis that TGR5, the bile acid (BA) G-protein-coupled receptor highly expressed in biliary epithelial cells, protects the liver against BA overload through the regulation of biliary epithelium permeability. DESIGN: Experiments were performed under basal and TGR5 agonist treatment. In vitro transepithelial electric resistance (TER) and FITC-dextran diffusion were measured in different cell lines. In vivo FITC-dextran was injected in the gallbladder (GB) lumen and traced in plasma. Tight junction proteins and TGR5-induced signalling were investigated in vitro and in vivo (wild-type [WT] and TGR5-KO livers and GB). WT and TGR5-KO mice were submitted to bile duct ligation or alpha-naphtylisothiocyanate intoxication under vehicle or TGR5 agonist treatment, and liver injury was studied. RESULTS: In vitro TGR5 stimulation increased TER and reduced paracellular permeability for dextran. In vivo dextran diffusion after GB injection was increased in TGR5-knock-out (KO) as compared with WT mice and decreased on TGR5 stimulation. In TGR5-KO bile ducts and GB, junctional adhesion molecule A (JAM-A) was hypophosphorylated and selectively downregulated among TJP analysed. TGR5 stimulation induced JAM-A phosphorylation and stabilisation both in vitro and in vivo, associated with protein kinase C-ζ activation. TGR5 agonist-induced TER increase as well as JAM-A protein stabilisation was dependent on JAM-A Ser285 phosphorylation. TGR5 agonist-treated mice were protected from cholestasis-induced liver injury, and this protection was significantly impaired in JAM-A-KO mice. CONCLUSION: The BA receptor TGR5 regulates biliary epithelial barrier function in vitro and in vivo through an impact on JAM-A expression and phosphorylation, thereby protecting liver parenchyma against bile leakage.


Assuntos
Sistema Biliar/fisiopatologia , Colestase Intra-Hepática/prevenção & controle , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/fisiologia , Animais , Bile/metabolismo , Ácidos e Sais Biliares/metabolismo , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Colestase Intra-Hepática/metabolismo , Impedância Elétrica , Epitélio/fisiopatologia , Ácidos Isonipecóticos/farmacologia , Ácidos Isonipecóticos/uso terapêutico , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Oximas/farmacologia , Oximas/uso terapêutico , Permeabilidade , Fosforilação/fisiologia , Receptores de Superfície Celular/metabolismo , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/agonistas , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Proteínas de Junções Íntimas/metabolismo
6.
Gut ; 69(1): 133-145, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31409605

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The Fragile X mental retardation (FMR) syndrome is a frequently inherited intellectual disability caused by decreased or absent expression of the FMR protein (FMRP). Lack of FMRP is associated with neuronal degradation and cognitive dysfunction but its role outside the central nervous system is insufficiently studied. Here, we identify a role of FMRP in liver disease. DESIGN: Mice lacking Fmr1 gene expression were used to study the role of FMRP during tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-induced liver damage in disease model systems. Liver damage and mechanistic studies were performed using real-time PCR, Western Blot, staining of tissue sections and clinical chemistry. RESULTS: Fmr1null mice exhibited increased liver damage during virus-mediated hepatitis following infection with the lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus. Exposure to TNF resulted in severe liver damage due to increased hepatocyte cell death. Consistently, we found increased caspase-8 and caspase-3 activation following TNF stimulation. Furthermore, we demonstrate FMRP to be critically important for regulating key molecules in TNF receptor 1 (TNFR1)-dependent apoptosis and necroptosis including CYLD, c-FLIPS and JNK, which contribute to prolonged RIPK1 expression. Accordingly, the RIPK1 inhibitor Necrostatin-1s could reduce liver cell death and alleviate liver damage in Fmr1null mice following TNF exposure. Consistently, FMRP-deficient mice developed increased pathology during acute cholestasis following bile duct ligation, which coincided with increased hepatic expression of RIPK1, RIPK3 and phosphorylation of MLKL. CONCLUSIONS: We show that FMRP plays a central role in the inhibition of TNF-mediated cell death during infection and liver disease.


Assuntos
Proteína do X Frágil de Retardo Mental/fisiologia , Hepatite Viral Animal/imunologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/imunologia , Animais , Infecções por Arenaviridae/imunologia , Infecções por Arenaviridae/patologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Morte Celular/imunologia , Morte Celular/fisiologia , Células Cultivadas , Colestase/imunologia , Colestase/metabolismo , Colestase/patologia , Proteína do X Frágil de Retardo Mental/metabolismo , Hepatite Viral Animal/patologia , Hepatite Viral Animal/prevenção & controle , Hepatócitos/patologia , Imidazóis/farmacologia , Imidazóis/uso terapêutico , Indóis/farmacologia , Indóis/uso terapêutico , Vírus da Coriomeningite Linfocítica , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Proteína Serina-Treonina Quinases de Interação com Receptores/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteína Serina-Treonina Quinases de Interação com Receptores/fisiologia
7.
J Sci Food Agric ; 100(1): 92-101, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31435952

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oyster polypeptides have various biofunctions, such as anti-cancer and anti-oxidative stress, but whether it has the protective effects to primary ovarian failure (POF) remains poorly understand. To address this issue, daily gavage of oyster polypeptides was performed to investigate their protective effect, basing on d-galactose-induced POF model in C57BL/6 female mice. RESULTS: Oyster polypeptides restored the irregular estrous cycles and the abnormal serum follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH) and progesterone (P) levels as well as the decreased mRNA expression level of Amh that were induced by d-galactose. The follicle development of POF mice was improved by increasing the primordial follicle ratio and decreasing the atretic follicle number after oral administration of oyster polypeptides. Moreover, in the oyster polypeptides treated mice, the total superoxide dismutase (T-SOD) activity was significantly increased, while the malondialdehyde levels were significantly decreased. The mRNA expression levels of stress-related genes (SOD2, SIRT1 and FOXO3a) were remarkably up-regulated after d-galactose induction, but the up-regulation was weakened or disappeared by the gavage of oyster polypeptides. In addition, oyster polypeptides treatment also reduced the apoptosis of the ovarian granulosa cells and down-regulated the mRNA expression levels of apoptosis-related genes (p53 and Bad but not Bcl-2). CONCLUSION: This study reveals that oyster polypeptides may protect ovary against d-galactose-induced POF by their anti-oxidative stress activity to rescue d-galactose-induced ovarian oxidative damage and therefore to prevent ovarian cells apoptosis, thereby tipping the abnormality trigged by POF to get close to the normal levels. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Ostreidae/química , Peptídeos/administração & dosagem , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária/tratamento farmacológico , Substâncias Protetoras/administração & dosagem , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Galactose/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Hormônio Luteinizante/metabolismo , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Folículo Ovariano/efeitos dos fármacos , Folículo Ovariano/metabolismo , Ovário/efeitos dos fármacos , Ovário/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária/induzido quimicamente , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária/genética , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária/metabolismo , Progesterona/metabolismo , Sirtuína 1/genética , Sirtuína 1/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/genética , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
8.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 39(11): 1312-1319, 2019 Nov 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852652

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of circRNA_005647 on fibrotic phenotype of mouse cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) and explore its mechanism. METHODS: We used an angiotensin Ⅱ (Ang-Ⅱ) capsule pump (daily dose of 1.46 mg/kg for 2 weeks) to establish a mouse model of myocardial fibrosis in C57BL/6 mice. Masson staining was used to detect myocardial fibrosis in the myocardium. The expression of circRNA_005647 in the myocardium of Ang-Ⅱ-infused mice and in Ang-Ⅱ-treated CFs were detected with real-time PCR. Actinomycin D and RNase R exonuclease digestion were used to test the stability of circRNA_005647 in mouse CFs. Over- expression of circRNA_005647 was achieved in the CFs by infecting the cells with a recombinant circRNA_005647 adenovirus (rAd-circRNA_005647), and the expressions of Col1a1, Col3a1 and Acta2 were detected in the cells with real-time PCR and Western blotting. Dual luciferase reporter assay, RNA antisense purification and RNA Pull down assay were performed to identify the interaction between circRNA_005647 and miR-27b-3p. RESULTS: CircRNA_005647 was up- regulated in the myocardium of Ang-Ⅱ- infused mice and in Ang-Ⅱ-treated mouse CFs (P < 0.01). CircRNA_005647 was more stable than its host gene Myosin IXA (Myo9a) in response to actinomycin D (P < 0.01) and RNase R exonuclease treatment. The expressions of fibrosis-associated genes was down-regulated in the CFs over-expressing circRNA_ 005647 (P < 0.05). Dual luciferase reporter assay, RNA antisense purification and RNA Pull down assay revealed the interaction between miR-27b-3p and circRNA_005647. MiR-27b-3p obviously enhanced the fibrotic phenotype but reversed the inhibitory effect of circRNA_005647 on the expression of fibrosis associated genes in the CFs (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: CircRNA_005647 is upregulated in cardiac fibrosis and inhibits the expression of fibrosis-related genes through sponging miR-27b-3p in mouse CFs.


Assuntos
Fibroblastos , Animais , Fibrose , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , MicroRNAs
9.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 39(11): 1376-1380, 2019 Nov 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852654

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the therapeutic effect of Impatiens balsamina, Lawsonia inermis L. and Henna in a C57BL/6 mouse model of androgenetic alopecia and explore the mechanisms. METHODS: Forty-eight male C57BL/6 mice were randomized equally into blank control group, androgenetic alopecia model group, Impatiens balsamina group, Lawsonia inermis L. group, Henna group and minoxidil group. In all but those in the blank control group, the mice were subjected to dorsal subcutaneous injection of testosterone propionate solution (daily dose 5 mg/kg) to establish models of androgenetic alopecia and received subsequent treatment with topical application of the corresponding drugs on a daily basis for 35 days. The concentrations of testosterone, dihydrotestosterone and 5α reductase type Ⅱ in the serum and skin tissue were measured, and the histopathological changes of the skin tissues were observed. RESULTS: All the tested drugs were capable of promoting new hair growth in the dorsal skin lesions of the mice. Among these drugs, Henna produced the most pronounced therapeutic effect and resulted in the highest dorsal hair density and a color change of the dorsal skin into gray; Lawsonia inermis L. showed the poorest therapeutic effect and resulted in the lowest dorsal hair density. The total number of follicles and the number of terminal hair follicles in a given field were significantly higher in all the drug treatment groups than in the model group (P < 0.05). In Impatiens balsamina group and Henna group, the contents of testosterone and dihydrotestosterone in the skin were significantly lower than those in the model group (P < 0.05). No significant difference was found in serum testosterone and dihydrotestosterone levels or skin 5α reductase type Ⅱ level between the drug treatment groups and the model group. CONCLUSIONS: Impatiens balsamina, Lawsonia inermis L., and Henna all have therapeutic effects on androgenetic alopecia in C57BL/6 mice. The therapeutic effect of Impatiens balsamina and Henna is possibly achieved by reducing androgen content in local skin tissue.


Assuntos
Impatiens , Lawsonia (Planta) , Alopecia , Animais , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Extratos Vegetais
10.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 44(10): 1099-1106, 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31857502

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To characterize the timeliness of ß3 adrenergic receptor agonist CL316,243-induced browning of white adipose tissues in mice.
 Methods: Male C57BL/6J mice at 10 weeks of age were housed in conventional cages and given sterile saline for the control group or CL316,243 (1 µg/g) for the experimental group via intraperitoneal injection for 1, 3, and 5 days. Food intake and body weight were measured daily. Interscapular brown adipose tissue (iBAT), inguinal subcutaneous white adipose (sWAT) and epididymal white adipose tissue (eWAT) were harvested for histological and gene expression analysis.
 Results: Compared with the control group, intraperitoneal injection of CL316,243 reduced the weight of eWAT on the first day. Meanwhile, CL316,243 continuously promoted the mRNA and protein expression of uncoupling protein-1 (UCP-1) in sWAT and eWAT. Furthermore, CL316,243 injection significantly decreased the food intake and weight gain of the mice, and reduced the diameter of adipocyte and accumulation of small lipid droplets in adipose tissues.
 Conclusion: CL316,243 can induce the brown-like remodeling in adipose tissues of mice in vivo, which show different time-dependent manners in different adipose tissues.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo Branco , Tecido Adiposo Marrom , Agonistas Adrenérgicos beta , Animais , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Proteína Desacopladora 1
11.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 34(1): 712-727, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852270

RESUMO

The design of multi-target directed ligands (MTDLs) is a valid approach for obtaining effective drugs for complex pathologies. MTDLs that combine neuro-repair properties and block the first steps of neurotoxic cascades could be the so long wanted remedies to treat neurodegenerative diseases (NDs). By linking two privileged scaffolds with well-known activities in ND-targets, the flavonoid and the N,N-dibenzyl(N-methyl)amine (DBMA) fragments, new CNS-permeable flavonoid - DBMA hybrids (1-13) were obtained. They were subjected to biological evaluation in a battery of targets involved in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other NDs, namely human cholinesterases (hAChE/hBuChE), ß-secretase (hBACE-1), monoamine oxidases (hMAO-A/B), lipoxygenase-5 (hLOX-5) and sigma receptors (σ1R/σ2R). After a funnel-type screening, 6,7-dimethoxychromone - DBMA (6) was highlighted due to its neurogenic properties and an interesting MTD-profile in hAChE, hLOX-5, hBACE-1 and σ1R. Molecular dynamic simulations showed the most relevant drug-protein interactions of hybrid 6, which could synergistically contribute to neuronal regeneration and block neurodegeneration.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Metilaminas/farmacologia , Regeneração Nervosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Acetilcolinesterase/metabolismo , Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide/antagonistas & inibidores , Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide/metabolismo , Animais , Araquidonato 5-Lipoxigenase/metabolismo , Ácido Aspártico Endopeptidases/antagonistas & inibidores , Ácido Aspártico Endopeptidases/metabolismo , Barreira Hematoencefálica/efeitos dos fármacos , Barreira Hematoencefálica/metabolismo , Butirilcolinesterase/metabolismo , Inibidores Enzimáticos/síntese química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Flavonoides/química , Humanos , Masculino , Metilaminas/química , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Transgênicos , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Monoaminoxidase/metabolismo , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/síntese química , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/química
12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(19): 4219-4224, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872702

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the preventive and therapeutic effects of Erzhi Pills on 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine( MPTP)-induced Parkinson's disease( PD) in mice,and explore its possible mechanism of action. Mice were intraperitoneally injected with MPTP( 30 mg·kg-1,0. 01 m L·g-1) once daily to induce PD for 8 days. In the treatment group,Erzhi Pills were given by intragastric administration( 2. 5 g·kg-1,once daily for 30 days). The normal group received an equal volume of normalsaline. In terms of behavior,the limb movement coordination ability of the mice was detected by climbing,hanging and swimming experiments. The spatial learning and memory ability of the mice was detected by Morris water maze test. The content of MDA,as well as the activity of GSH-PX and SOD were determined in mice serum. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression levels of TH,MAOB and apoptosis-related factors CHOP and caspase-12 in brain tissues. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of TH in section of brain tissues in mice. The results showed that in behavioral aspects,as compared with the model group,the scores of limb movement ability as well as scores of spatial learning and memory ability were significantly improved in the treatment groups( P<0. 05). In terms of serological indicators,as compared with the model group,the activities of SOD and GSH-PX were significantly increased in the serum of treatment groups,and the content of MDA was significantly decreased( P<0. 05). The results of Western blot showed that as compared with the model group,the protein levels of TH in the brain tissues of the mice in treatment group were significantly up-regulated,while the protein levels of MAOB and apoptosis-related factors CHOP and caspase-12 were significantly down-regulated( P<0. 05). The results of immunohistochemistry showed that the number of TH positive cells in the brain tissues of the mice in the treatment group was significantly increased as compared with the model group( P<0. 05). In summary,Erzhi Pills have a certain preventive and therapeutic effect on MPTP-induced PD mice,which can significantly improve the limb motor coordination ability and spatial learning and memory ability of PD mice. Its mechanism may be related to down-regulating the expression of apoptosis-related factors CHOP and caspase-12,reducing the dopaminergic neuron damage and inhibiting dopaminergic neuronal apoptosis.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Doença de Parkinson , 1-Metil-4-Fenil-1,2,3,6-Tetra-Hidropiridina , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Substância Negra
13.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu ; 48(6): 964-975, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31875823

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of glycogen synthase kinase 3ß(GSK3ß) in BPA-induced adipose tissue inflammation in high fat diet(HFD) fed mice. METHODS: Four-week-old male C57 BL/6 mice were randomly divided into normal diet(ND) group, HFD group, HFD + GSK3ß inhibitor group, HFD + 1000 nmol/L BPA group, HFD+1000 nmol/L BPA+GSK3ß inhibitor group. The mice were exposed to BPA via drinking water. From the 14 th week of BPA exposure to the end of 16 weeks, the GSK3ß inhibitor group was intraperitoneally injected with 21. 5 mg/kg lithium chloride(Li Cl) every two days for a total of 10 times. At the end of 16 weeks, the mice were sacrificed after anesthesia, and the epididymal fat tissue was taken aseptically. The pathological changes were observed by H&E staining. The expressions of interleukin-1ß(IL-1ß) and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) were detected by immunohistochemistry(IHC). The expression of GSK3ß protein and its S9 serine(GSK3ß-S9) phosphorylation were detected by western blot. RESULTS: Compared with the ND group, the body weight [(34. 97±1. 91) g]and epididymal fat pad coefficient [(3. 25±0. 39) %]of HFD group was significantly up-regulated(P < 0. 05), the adipose tissue inflammatory cell infiltration was increased, the expression of TNF-α(F = 73. 157, P < 0. 05) and IL-1ß(F = 42. 788, P < 0. 05) was significantly enhanced, and the phosphorylation degree of GSK3ß-S9(F = 57. 991, P < 0. 05) was decreased. The inflammatory cell infiltration of adipose tissue in the HFD+1000 nmol/L BPA group was significantly increased, the body weight [(38. 49±1. 34) g]and epididymal fat pad coefficient [(4. 41±0. 33) %] of the mice were significantly increased, the phosphorylation of GSK3ß-S9(F = 57. 991, P <0. 05) was significantly down-regulated, and the expression of TNF-α(F = 73. 157, P <0. 05) and IL-1ß(F = 42. 788, P <0. 05) was significantly enhanced compared with that in the HFD group. Compared with the HFD + 1000 nmol/L BPA group, the HFD + 1000 nmol/L BPA+GSK3 inhibitor group was decreased inflammatory cell infiltration in adipose tissue, significantly decreased body weight [(32. 61 ± 3. 34) g] and epididymal fat pad coefficient [(3. 33±0. 66) %], significantly increased GSK3-S9(F = 57. 991, P < 0. 05)phosphorylation, and significantly decreased TNF-α(F = 73. 157, P < 0. 05) and IL-1ß(F = 42. 788, P<0. 05) expression. CONCLUSION: GSK3ß inhibitor can down-regulate BPA-induced adipose tissue inflammation, inflammatory cytokine expression and upregulate GSK3ß-S9 phosphorylation in HFD-fed mice, suggesting that BPA exposure may regulate the expression of inflammatory cytokines mediating adipose tissue inflammation by affecting the degree of phosphorylation of GSK3ß-S9.


Assuntos
Dieta Hiperlipídica , Tecido Adiposo , Animais , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta , Inflamação , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
14.
Sheng Li Xue Bao ; 71(6): 839-845, 2019 Dec 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31879739

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) on the long-term depression (LTD) of hippocampus in mice. Sixty C57BL/6J mice (30 days old) were randomly divided into control group, three CGRP (50, 100, and 200 nmol/L) groups, CGRP + CGRP8-37 group and CGRP + APV group (10 mice for each group). The effects of exogenous application of different concentrations of CGRP on synaptic plasticity and LTD in hippocampus of mice were detected by in vitro recording of local field potential. The results showed that higher doses (100 and 200 nmol/L) of CGRP significantly enhanced the induction of LTD in the hippocampus. Moreover, CGRP increased the magnitude of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor-mediated excitatory postsynaptic currents. The above-mentioned effects of CGRP were blocked by either CGRP selective antagonist CGRP8-37 or NMDA receptor antagonist APV. These results suggest that CGRP can dose-dependently enhance the induction of LTD in hippocampus of mice, and the underlying mechanism involves the mediation of NMDA receptor function.


Assuntos
Peptídeo Relacionado com Gene de Calcitonina , Hipocampo , Animais , Peptídeo Relacionado com Gene de Calcitonina/farmacologia , Hipocampo/efeitos dos fármacos , Depressão Sináptica de Longo Prazo/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Distribuição Aleatória
15.
Sheng Li Xue Bao ; 71(6): 855-862, 2019 Dec 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31879741

RESUMO

To study the effects of the anthocyanin single component cyanidin-3-O-glucoside (Cy-3-glu) on the proliferation and migration of mouse melanoma cells and to elucidate the underlying mechanisms, B16-F10 cells were treated with different concentrations of Cy-3-glu. Cell viability was analyzed by a CCK-8 method. Cell migration was determined by the callus scratching technique. Cell cycle was measured by the flow cytometry. The expression levels of genes involved in cell cycle regulation were detected by real-time PCR. Protein expression levels of p-AKT, E-cadherin, N-cadherin and vimentin were analyzed by Western blot. The growth and migration of B16-F10 cells in C57BL/6J mice were monitored by the cryogenically cooled IVIS-imaging system. The results showed that Cy-3-glu significantly inhibited the growth (P < 0.001) and migration (P < 0.01) of B16-F10 cells, and arrested the cell cycle in the S phase. After Cy-3-glu treatment, the expression levels of p-AKT (P < 0.05), N-cadherin and vimentin (P < 0.001) were decreased significantly, and the expression level of E-cadherin was dramatically increased (P < 0.05). The size and weight of tumors and tumor metastasis in mice fed with a diet containing Cy-3-glu were significantly reduced (P < 0.05). In conclusion, Cy-3-glu inhibits proliferation and migration of B16-F10 cells by inhibiting the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway, cell adhesion and migration signals.


Assuntos
Antocianinas , Glucosídeos , Animais , Antocianinas/química , Antocianinas/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Glucosídeos/farmacologia , Melanoma Experimental , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo
16.
Sheng Li Xue Bao ; 71(6): 883-893, 2019 Dec 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31879744

RESUMO

In this study, we improved the culture method of mouse hippocampal primary microglia to obtain hippocampal ramified microglia with high activity and purity, which were resemble to the resting status of normal microglia in healthy brain in vivo. Hippocampal tissue was excised from 2-4-week-old SPF C57BL/6J mice and cut into pieces after PBS perfusion, and then manually dissociated into the single-cell suspension by using Miltenyi Biotec's Adult Brain Dissociation Kit. The tissue fragments such as myelin in the supernatant were removed by debris removal solution in the kit. The cell suspension was incubated with CD11b immunomagnetic beads for 15 min at 4 °C. To obtain high-purity microglia, we used two consecutive cell-sorting steps by magnetic activated cell sorting (MACS). After centrifugation, the cells were resuspended and seeded in a 24-well culture plate. The primary microglia were cultured with complete medium (CM) or TIC medium (a serum-free medium with TGF-ß, IL-34 and cholesterol as the main nutritional components) for 4 days, and then were used for further experiments. The results showed that: (1) The cell viability was (56.03 ± 2.10)% by manual dissociation of hippocampus; (2) Compared with immunopanning, two-step MACS sorting allowed for efficient enrichment of microglia with higher purity of (86.20 ± 0.68)%; (3) After being incubated in TIC medium for 4 d, microglia exhibited branching, quiescent morphology; (4) The results from qRT-PCR assay showed that the levels of TNF-α, IL-1ß and CCL2 mRNA in TIC cultured-microglia were similar to freshly isolated microglia, while those were much higher in CM cultured-microglia after incubation for 4 d and 7 d (P < 0.05). Taken together, compared to the conventional approaches, this modified protocol of mouse hippocampal primary microglia culture by using MACS and TIC medium enables the increased yield and purity of microglia in the quiescent state, which is similar to normal ramified microglia in healthy brain in vivo.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Cultura de Células , Separação Celular , Hipocampo , Magnetismo , Microglia , Animais , Técnicas de Cultura de Células/métodos , Separação Celular/métodos , Células Cultivadas , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Microglia/citologia
17.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 35(11): 979-985, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31878993

RESUMO

Objective To investigate the role of mitogen activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (MAPK/ERK) pathway in the salidroside (SAL)-regulated antitumor immunity of dendritic cells (DCs). Methods Lewis lung cancer-bearing mouse model was established and treated with normal saline (NS) (0.2 mL/d), SAL [500 mg/(kg.d)] and cyclophosphamide (CTX) [10 mg/(kg.d)] in corresponding groups. Then their survival and tumor quality were recorded. Meanwhile, the bone marrow-derived DCs from the Lewis lung cancer-bearing mice were isolated in vitro and cultured for 7 days before collection. After sorted with magnetic beads, cells were co-cultured with PBS, SAL (0.05 mg/mL), LPS (200 ng/mL) or SAL combined with ERK inhibitor U0126 separately for 48 hours, followed by detection of the expression of phosphorylated ERK (p-ERK) by flow cytometry. In addition, after the stimulation of DCs by SAL, the expression of p38 MAPK and phosphorylated c-jun N-terminal kinase (p-JNK) was detected by flow cytometry. Moreover, after sorted with magneticbeads, DCs were co-cultured with PBS, SAL (0.05 mg/mL), LPS (200 ng/mL) or SAL combined with U0126. Then, the supernatant was collected, and IL-12p70 secretion ability of DCs was detected by ELISA. Finally, sensitized bone marrow-derived DCs from Lewis lung cancer-bearing mice were stimulated with SAL and co-cultured with spleen T lymphocytes purified by nylon fiber column from C57BL/6 mice as effector cells. 3LL target cells were then added at the target ratio of 10:1, 25:1, 50:1, followed by the detection of cell viability of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) using CCK-8 assay. Results SAL could significantly inhibit tumor growth and improve the survival rate. Compared with PBS group, the phosphorylation of ERK protein on DC was enhanced significantly, and then reduced significantly after U0126 treatment. The phosphorylation of p38MAPK and c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) protein was not statistically affected by SAL. The level of IL-12p70 significantly increased in SAL group, and became remarkably higher after U0126 treatment. Finally, the killing ability of CTL was significantly enhanced by SAL. Conclusion SAL can inhibit the tumor growth of Lewis lung cancer-bearing mice and activate the ERK signaling pathway, thereby promoting IL-12p70 secretion in DCs and enhancing the cytotoxicity of CTL.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Lewis/imunologia , Células Dendríticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Glucosídeos/farmacologia , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Fenóis/farmacologia , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Interleucina-12/imunologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Linfócitos T Citotóxicos/imunologia
18.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 200: 111635, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671372

RESUMO

Parkinson disease is one of the most common neurological movement disorders affecting geriatric population. Biosynthesized gold nanoparticles are the ideal alternatives spotlighted by many researchers to treat various diseases. In the present study we synthesized gold nanoparticles using the root extract of Paeonia mountan, woody trees which are used in traditional Chinese medicine to be prescribed for diverse diseases. The synthesis of gold nanoparticles was confirmed with UV-Vis spectroscopic analysis and characterized using FTIR, HR-TEM, EDAX and XRD analysis. The cytotoxicity property of synthesized gold nanoparticles was assessed using MTT assay in the murine microglial BV2 cells. The neuroprotective effect of synthesized gold nanoparticles in inflammatory agent lipopolysaccharides triggered murine microglial BV2 cells was evaluated using nitric oxide, prostaglandin E2 and inflammatory cytokines assays such as IL-6&IL-1ß. Further to confirm in vivo effect of synthesized nanoparticles, the nanoparticles were treated to Parkinson induced C57BL/6 mice. Behavioral, biochemical and molecular analysis were performed to estimate the potency of synthesized gold nanoparticles against the Parkinson induction in mice model. Our characterization results prove the gold nanoparticles synthesized using Paeonia mountan fulfills the requirement of ideal nanodrug and it potentially inhibited the inflammation in in vitro murine microglial BV2. The results of in vivo experiments authentically confirm gold nanoparticles synthesized using Paeonia mountan alleviates the neuroinflammation and improves the motor coordination in Parkinson induced mice.


Assuntos
Ouro/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/química , Paeonia/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Antioxidantes/química , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Citocinas/metabolismo , Química Verde , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Masculino , Nanopartículas Metálicas/uso terapêutico , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Microglia/citologia , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Microglia/metabolismo , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/uso terapêutico , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Paeonia/metabolismo , Doença de Parkinson/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Parkinson/patologia , Doença de Parkinson/veterinária , Raízes de Plantas/química , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo
19.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 35(4): 300-303, 2019 Jul 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701710

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25-VitD3) supplementation on cerebral injury after ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) in mice with middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). METHODS: Male C57BL6 mice were randomly divided into Sham group, Vehicle group and 1,25-VitD3 group, with 10 mice in each group. Vehicle group and 1,25-VitD3 group were given MCAO for 1 hour, and then killed after reperfusion for 24 hours. Mice in 1,25-VitD3 group were treated with 1,25-VitD3 at the dose of 100 ng/(kg·d) by injected intraperitoneally for 5 days before MCAO operation. Cerebral ischemic penumbra areas of each group were collected for TTC staining, RT-PCR, TTC staining and immunohistochemistry assay. The function defect of mice was evaluated by using neurological function score. RESULTS: Compared with the sham group, the volume of cerebral infarction in Vehicle group was increased significantly, and the expressions of IL-6, IL-1beta and Gp91phox in brain tissues were increased significantly (P<0.05); compared with Vehicle group, supplementation of 1,25-VitD3 reduced the volume of cerebral infarction by about 50% in I/R mice (P<0.05), and the expressions of IL-6, IL-1beta and Gp91phox in brain tissues of 1,25-VitD3 group were decreased significantly (P<0.05). The expression of Foxp3, a T-regulatory cell marker, was significantly increased in the brain of mice (P<0.05), while the expression of Rorc, a transcription factor, was significantly decreased (P<0.05), suggesting that Th17/gamma Delta T-cell response was reduced and the number of neutrophils in the brain injury site of mice was significantly reduced (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Vitamin D could alleviate the development of cerebral infarction after arterial occlusion (MCAO) reperfusion, and its mechanism may be through regulating the inflammatory response in mouse brain I/R.


Assuntos
Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/tratamento farmacológico , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/tratamento farmacológico , Vitamina D/farmacologia , Animais , Encéfalo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Inflamação , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , NADPH Oxidase 2/metabolismo , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Linfócitos T , Células Th17
20.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 35(9): 769-775, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31750816

RESUMO

Objective To explore the functions and mechanisms of macrophages derived from PGRN gene knockout (PGRN-/- ) C57BL/6 mice in the invasion and migration of breast cancer cells. Methods Breast cancer cells were cultured in conditioned medium of macrophages derived from WT and PGRN-/- mice. TranswellTM assay and scratch assay were used to detect the invasion and migration ability of cancer cells. Western blot analysis was used to detect the expression of E-cadherin and N-cadherin in cancer cells. Cytokine array, real-time quantitative PCR and ELISA were performed to investigate the differences of cytokines secreted by macrophages derived from WT and PGRN-/- mice. Breast cancer cells were treated by the differentially expressed cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6), and then the above methods were used to investigate its effect on cancer cells. Western blot analysis was used to verify the roles of NF-κB and JAK/STAT3 signaling pathways. Results The macrophages derived from PGRN-/- mice blocked NF-κB signaling pathway, reduced IL-6 secretion, and inhibited the invasion and migration of breast cancer cells. IL-6 activated JAK/STAT3 signaling pathway to promote the invasion and migration of breast cancer cells. Conclusion The macrophages derived from PGRN-/- mice can block the NF-κB and JAK/STAT3 signaling pathways, down-regulate IL-6 expression, and inhibit the invasion and migration of breast cancer cells.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/genética , Interleucina-6/imunologia , Macrófagos/imunologia , Transdução de Sinais , Animais , Neoplasias da Mama/imunologia , Caderinas , Movimento Celular , Meios de Cultivo Condicionados , Granulinas , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Invasividade Neoplásica , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
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