Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 67.932
Filtrar
1.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(1): 51-56, 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914559

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the feasibility of dynamic-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) and blood oxygen level-dependent MRI (BOLD-MRI) in assessing the hemodynamics and tumor aggressiveness during treatment. Methods: The colon cancer xenograft model was established in BALB/C nude mice with HCT116 cell line. Sixteen nude mice were randomly divided into treatment and control groups (aged 6 to 8 weeks, weighted 15 to 18 g, Certificate No. 11400700325797), which were treated with bevacizumab and saline by intraperitoneal injection on the 1st, 4th, 7th, 10th and 13th day. DCE-MRI and BOLD-MRI were performed before and on the 3th, 6th, 9th, 12th, and 15th day after treatment. The vascular maturity and microenvironment hypoxia were confirmed by pathology. Results: The tumor volume of treatment group was significantly smaller than that of control group after 15 days ((712±43) vs (1 051±112) mm(3),P<0.01).The measurements of K(trans) were (0.135±0.005),(0.147±0.006),(0.175±0.009),(0.161±0.006), (0.140±0.005),(0.116±0.008)/min (F=81.386, P<0.01); K(ep) were (0.788±0.030),(0.804±0.036),(0.983±0.059), (1.105±0.091),(0.840±0.047),(0.786±0.041)/min(F=45.901,P<0.01);Ve were (0.652±0.006), (0.559±0.026), (0.466±0.016), (0.286±0.027), (0.363±0.020), (0.246±0.033) (F=384.290, P<0.01) and R2* values were (24.813±0.961), (24.675±1.070), (21.425±1.371), (17.850±0.885), (24.613±0.640), (27.013±0.734)/s (F=89.323, P<0.01) showed different trends with time in the treatment group, and the differences were statistically significant. The K(trans) values and tumor vessel maturity index (VMI) were higher than baseline values during 3-12 d after treatment. CD31 positive staining rate and VMI had the strongest correlations with K(trans) values (r=0.854 and 0.795), followed by AUC(180) (r=0.750 and 0.808), Ve (r=0.744 and 0.712) and K(ep) values (r=0.729 and 0.758), all P<0.05. R2* value positively correlated with the positive staining rate of HIF-1α and fibronectin (r=0.810 and 0.816), all P<0.05. Conclusion: DCE-MRI and BOLD-MRI are adequate to observe the tumor perfusion and hypoxia during anti-vascular treatment, and the R2* value can predict the tumor metastatic potential during the process of vascular normalization.


Assuntos
Meios de Contraste , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Animais , Xenoenxertos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus
2.
Anticancer Res ; 40(1): 221-227, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892570

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Autophagy can be either tumor promotive or suppressive. We previously identified an autophagy-inducing activity in the 30-100 kDa fraction of areca-nut-extract (ANE 30-100K) and showed that several tumor cells subjected to chronic ANE 30-100K stimulation (CAS) exhibited higher resistance against stressed environments including serum-free (SF) conditions in vitro. Herein, we aimed to assess whether CAS can also provide growth advantages for tumor cells in vivo and the therapeutic effect of autophagy inhibition on CAS-treated tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Esophageal CE81T/VGH cells and nude mice were used as experimental models. Autophagy inhibitors 3-methyladenine (3-MA) and chloroquine (CQ), as well as another anticancer drug cisplatin (DDP), were chosen to challenge CAS-treated CE81T/VGH cells in vitro and in vivo. RESULTS: CAS-treated CE81T/VGH cells expressed higher levels of microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3A/B-II (LC3-II) and beclin 1 proteins, and showed stronger resistance to SF and hypoxia conditions, that were mitigated by CQ or 3-MA in vitro. Furthermore, CAS-treated CE81T/VGH cells induced significantly larger tumors in mice, which were also attenuated by single 3-MA or CQ treatment. Finally, the combined treatment of 3-MA or CQ with DDP further up-regulated DDP-induced caspase-3 activity in vitro and exhibited synergistic anti-tumor effects on mice. CONCLUSION: CAS may up-regulate tumoral autophagy and provide growth advantage for tumors both in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, autophagy inhibition alone or in combination with DDP may achieve positive therapy for tumors encountered with CAS.


Assuntos
Areca/química , Autofagia , Neoplasias/patologia , Nozes/química , Regulação para Cima , Animais , Autofagia/genética , Hipóxia Celular/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus
3.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 44(10): 1107-1112, 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31857503

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the components of tumor infiltrating T lymphocyte (TIL) cells in malignant pleural effusion of lung adenocarcinoma, and evaluate their killing activities to autologous tumor cells. 
 Methods: Malignant pleural effusions were collected from 17 patients with lung adenocarcinoma. Mononuclear cells were isolated by Ficoll density gradient centrifugation and flow cytometer was used to analyze TIL cell components. TIL and tumor cells were separated through adherent culture. The tumor cells were identified via intramuscular injection of adherent cells into nude mice and the killing effect of cultured lymphocytes on autologous tumor cells was studied.
 Results: Of the TIL in malignant pleural effusions, T cells accounted for 60.6%-79.3%, while T helper cells were significantly higher than T killer cells (36.63%±1.90% vs 24.64%±2.32%, P<0.001). There were also natural killer (NK) cells and NK T cells in the effusions. Tumor cells were successfully isolated and cultured. The killing activity of cultured TIL to autologous tumor cells was 39.14%±12.04%, and the killing activity of TIL with high proliferation rate to autologous tumor cells was higher than that of low proliferation group (50.51%±3.80% vs 29.04%±5.77%, P<0.001).
 Conclusion: T lymphocytes are the major components of TIL in malignant pleural effusions derived from lung adenocarcinoma, and T helper cells are more than T killer cells. The killing activity of TIL with strong proliferation ability to autologous tumor cells is higher than that of TIL with weak proliferation ability. Therefore, cells from malignant pleural effusions could be used for cellular immunotherapy against tumor.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Derrame Pleural Maligno , Animais , Citotoxicidade Imunológica , Humanos , Interleucina-2 , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Linfócitos T
4.
Cell Physiol Biochem ; 53(5): 805-819, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31670920

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Despite effective therapeutic strategies for treating hormone receptor-positive (HR+) breast cancer, resistance to endocrine therapy that is either de novo or acquired still occurs. We investigated epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) as a therapeutic target for overcoming endocrine resistance in HR+ breast cancer models. METHODS: Using clinical data from 2,166 patients who had HR+ breast tumors and received tamoxifen, we analyzed survival rates. Levels of mRNA and protein expression were analyzed by real-time PCR and western blotting, respectively. Cell viability was analyzed by MTT assays and anchorage-independent growth by soft agar colony-formation assays. Efficacy of tamoxifen and/or gefitinib was analyzed using orthotopic xenograft mouse models. RESULTS: EGFR expression was significantly associated with more advanced stage and higher grade. EGFR expression was different in luminal A-like (Lum A, 1.3%) versus luminal B-like (Lum B, 11.4%) subtypes. On multivariate analyses for survival Lum B subtype EGFR+ tumors showed a hazard ratio (HR) of 5.22 (95% CI, 1.29-21.15, P = 0.020) for overall survival (OS) and HR of 2.91 (95% CI, 1.35-6.28, P = 0.006) for disease-free survival (DFS). Levels of EGFR inversely correlated with ER-α expression. Basal ER-α level was completely blocked by TGFA or EGF treatment. With TGFA pretreatment, ER+ breast cancer cells were resistant to 4-hydroxytamoxifen (4-OHT). Conversely, downregulation of ER-α by TGFA was reversed by gefitinib with recovered sensitivity to 4-OHT. Tumorigenicity of EGFR and ER+ breast cancer cells were significantly decreased by combined tamoxifen and gefitinib. CONCLUSION: Aberrant EGFR expression was associated with poor prognosis in ER+ breast cancers, especially the Lum B subtype. Loss of ER by EGFR activation induced tamoxifen resistance. Therefore, EGFR could be a therapeutic target for overcoming recurrence of ER+ breast cancer with high EGFR expression.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Receptor ErbB-2/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores Estrogênicos/metabolismo , Taxa de Sobrevida , Tamoxifeno/análogos & derivados , Tamoxifeno/química , Tamoxifeno/farmacologia
5.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 41(11): 820-825, 2019 Nov 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31770848

RESUMO

Objective: To establish a nude mouse model of subcutaneous lung cancer using dual fluorescence reporting genes of luciferase (Luc) and near-infrared fluorescent protein (iRFP). Methods: The Luc and iRFP expressed lentiviral vector was constructed by Gateway method. After verified by sequencing, the lentivirus particle was prepared and infected into lung cancer A549 cells. Successfully infected A549 (mA549) cells were selected by puromycin and amplified. The expression of Luc and iRFP were observed under fluorescence microscope, and the expression of c-Met protein on the cell surface was detected by immunofluorescence. Twelve female nude mice were randomly divided into 2 groups, 6 in each group. A549 and mA549 cells were inoculated subcutaneously into the right forelimb of nude mice. The growth and fluorescence expression of the tumor were observed by in vivo imaging. The tumor formation was evaluated by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and immunohistochemistry. Results: The Luc and iRFP stably expressed mA549 cell line was successfully constructed. The expressions of iRFP and Luc in mA549 cells were observed under fluorescence microscope. The results of immunofluorescence showed that c-Met protein expressed in both A549 cells and mA549 cells. The growth period of mA549 xenograft in nude mice was moderate and the tumorigenesis rate was 100%. The growth trend of mA549 cells in vivo was not significantly different from that of A549 cells (P>0.05). HE staining and immunohistochemistry results showed that the tumor issues displayed typical histopathological features of tumor. Immunohistochemistry results showed that both A549 and mA549 tumors expressed c-Met protein. Conclusion: A stable, real-time monitoring model of iRFP-Luc-A549 lung cancer cell xenograft in nude mice was successfully constructed.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Transplante de Neoplasias/métodos , Células A549 , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Fluorescência , Genes Reporter , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Luciferases/genética , Proteínas Luminescentes/genética , Pulmão , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-met/genética , Distribuição Aleatória
6.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 5919-5925, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704816

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of the current study was to investigate the synergistic efficacy of Robo1 bichimeric antigen receptor-natural killer cell (BiCAR-NK) immunotherapy and 125I seed brachytherapy in an orthotopic pancreatic cancer mouse model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The orthotopic pancreatic tumor model was established with human pancreatic cancer BxPC-3 cells expressing red fluorescent protein. The mice were treated with 125I seed implantation alone or the combination of 125I seeds with Robo1-specific CAR-NK cells. To assess tumor inhibition, in vivo fluorescence imaging was conducted. 7 Tesla magnetic resonance (7T-MR) scanning was applied to measure the changes in the metabolic profiles of tumor tissues. RESULTS: Tumor size was significantly reduced in the 125I and 125I +CAR-NK treated group compared to the untreated group (p<0.05). The 125I seed +CAR-NK treated group showed significantly higher tumor reduction than 125I seed treatment alone (p<0.05). T1 diffusion weighted imaging (T1DWI) sequence showed that the tumors of the 125I +BiCAR-NK treated group had a significantly higher grey scale value than the tumors from the untreated control and the group treated with 125I seed alone (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Robo1 specific CAR-NK immunotherapy enhances efficacy of 125I seed brachytherapy in an orthotopic pancreatic cancer mouse model.


Assuntos
Braquiterapia/métodos , Imunoterapia , Radioisótopos do Iodo/uso terapêutico , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/imunologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/terapia , Receptores de Antígenos/imunologia , Receptores Imunológicos/imunologia , Animais , Apoptose , Proliferação de Células , Citotoxicidade Imunológica/imunologia , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/imunologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/metabolismo , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
7.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 5927-5932, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704817

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Trastuzumab is the only clinically approved targeted therapy for HER2 gene-amplified gastric cancer at present. However, the clinical significance of multi-targeting tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in HER2-positive gastric cancer remains unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined the anti-tumor activity of lapatinib and afatinib, that are reversible and irreversible TKIs, in HER2 gene-amplified trastuzumab-sensitive and - resistant gastric cancer cells (GLM-1 and GLM-1HerR2) in vitro and in vivo. RESULTS: Afatinib inhibited the growth of GLM-1 and GLM-1HerR2 cells in vitro more efficiently than lapatinib by inducing G1 cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis. Preclinical studies in mice revealed that afatinib inhibited growth of intraperitoneal GLM-1 and subcutaneous GLM-1HerR2 tumor more strongly than lapatinib. Afatinib was more effective than lapatinib in blocking PI3K/Akt and MAPK signaling in both GLM-1 and GLM-1HerR2 cells. CONCLUSION: Afatinib could be a potential new molecular-targeted therapy for trastuzumab-sensitive and trastuzumab-resistant HER2 gene-amplified gastric cancers.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Afatinib/administração & dosagem , Animais , Apoptose , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Ciclo Celular , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Amplificação de Genes , Humanos , Lapatinib/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Transdução de Sinais , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Trastuzumab/administração & dosagem , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
8.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 5963-5971, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704821

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate matrix metalloproteinase 11 (MMP11) as a promising biomarker in human pancreatic cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A consecutive eliminating method was used to select biomarker candidates in pancreatic cancer. mRNA and protein expression levels of candidates were determined in tissues and whole blood samples of healthy donors and pancreatic cancer patients. The prognostic value of MMP11 was determined using various data-sets and Liptak's Z analysis. RESULTS: Analysis using Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database showed significantly higher MMP11 mRNA expression in pancreatic cancer tissues compared to that in various normal tissues. MMP11 protein was specifically expressed in pancreatic cancer tissues, but not in various normal or other cancer tissues. Secreted MMP11 levels could be measured using easily accessible techniques and whole blood samples of pancreatic cancer. In addition, high levels of MMP11 were associated with poor prognosis of pancreatic cancer patients. CONCLUSION: MMP11 may be a promising prognostic biomarker for pancreatic cancer patients.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 11 da Matriz/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Animais , Apoptose , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Proliferação de Células , Seguimentos , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 11 da Matriz/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/enzimologia , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
9.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 5973-5982, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704822

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Lenvatinib is a potent inhibitor of receptor tyrosine kinases, targeting vascular endothelial growth factor receptors (VEGFR1-3), fibroblast growth factor receptors (FGFR1-4), KIT, and RET. Here, we investigated the antiproliferative effects of lenvatinib in liver cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eleven hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines and two combined hepatocellular/cholangiocarcinoma cell lines were treated with 0-30 µM lenvatinib. Cell growth, apoptosis and the expression of FGFR1-4, FGF19, fibroblast growth factor receptor substrate (FRS)2α and RET were examined. Two HCC cell lines were subcutaneously implanted on nude mice and mice were treated with 3, 10, 30 mg/kg/day of lenvatinib or vehicle for 14 consecutive days. Tumor volume was measured every 3 days. Mice were sacrificed on day 15 and tumors were processed for histological examination. Blood vessels, microvessel density, necrosis, and apoptosis were also examined. RESULTS: Lenvatinib dose- and time-dependently inhibited growth of all cell lines; however, sensitivity to lenvatinib varied. Apoptosis was not observed in any cell line, and expression of FGFR1, -2, -3 and -4, FGF19, FRS2α, and RET were observed in these cell lines. Cell lines with high expression of these factors showed higher response to lenvatinib. In mice, lenvatinib dose-dependently suppressed tumor growth. Blood vessels and microvessel density were significantly reduced and the rate of necrosis was significantly increased by lenvatinib; apoptosis was not observed. CONCLUSION: Antiproliferative effects of lenvatinib on liver cancer cells were observed in vitro and in vivo. Lenvatinib may suppress tumor formation by inhibiting angiogenesis, and via an additional direct antiproliferative effect in some liver cancer cells.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Compostos de Fenilureia/farmacologia , Quinolinas/farmacologia , Animais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
10.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 5983-5990, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704823

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: DJ-1, an oncogenic molecule, helps to maintain somatic stem cells by reducing the intracellular level of reactive oxygen species (ROS). This study investigated the role of DJ-1 in glioma stem cells (GSCs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: U87-MG (U87) and U251-MG (U251) glioblastoma cell lines that express wild-type and mutant p53, respectively, were used. These were cultured with DJ-1-targeting siRNA and subjected to a variety of in vitro experiments or intracranial transplantation into nude mice. RESULTS: Knockdown of DJ-1 reduced clonogenicity only in U87 cells, which was rescued by p53 depletion. ROS accumulated in DJ-1-depleted cells, although treatment with N-acetyl cysteine, which quenches ROS, did not affect exhaustion of CSCs among U87 cells by DJ-1 knockdown. In a serial transplantation study, DJ-1 knockdown prolonged the survival of mice in secondary transplantation. CONCLUSION: DJ-1 plays a pivotal role in maintenance of stem cell self-renewal in the U87 cell line.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Autorrenovação Celular , Glioblastoma/patologia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Proteína Desglicase DJ-1/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Glioblastoma/genética , Glioblastoma/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Proteína Desglicase DJ-1/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteína Desglicase DJ-1/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Taxa de Sobrevida , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
11.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 5991-5998, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704824

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: This study aimed to discuss the effect and possible molecular mechanisms of Aurora-A/NF-ĸB signaling on the radiotherapy resistance of human docetaxel-resistant lung adenocarcinoma cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The human lung adenocarcinoma SPC-A1 and SPC-A1/DTX cell lines were utilized in the present study. The MTT assay measured the sensitivity of cells to radiotherapy. The tumor-initiating ability of the cells was detected in vitro by cloning assays. Apoptosis was quantified by flow cytometry. Real-time quantitative PCR and western blotting were used to detect the mRNA and protein expression of the Aurora-A/NF-ĸB, respectively. Tumors transplanted subcutaneously into nude mice were used to test the effect of Aurora-A on the in vivo sensitivity of the tumors to radiotherapy. RESULTS: The SPC-A1/DTX docetaxel-resistant lung adenocarcinoma cells were radio-resistant compared with the parental SPC-A1 cells. Up-regulated aurora-A was responsible for the in vitro radio-resistance of docetaxel-resistant SPC-A1/DTX cells. Nuclear transcription factor NF-ĸB was identified as a downstream target gene of Aurora-A in SPC-A1/DTX cells, and NF-ĸB also participated in the radio-resistance of SPC-A1/DTX cells regulated by Aurora-A. CONCLUSION: The Aurora-A/NF-ĸB pathway is association with radio-resistance of human lung adenocarcinoma docetaxel-resistant cells.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/metabolismo , Aurora Quinase A/metabolismo , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos da radiação , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos da radiação , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Tolerância a Radiação , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/patologia , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/radioterapia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose , Aurora Quinase A/genética , Proliferação de Células , Docetaxel/farmacologia , Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos/efeitos da radiação , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , NF-kappa B/genética , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
12.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 5999-6005, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704825

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: In the present study, we aimed to determine the efficacy of trabectedin (TRAB) combined with oxaliplatinum (OXA)+5-fluorouracil (5-FU) on a colorectal cancer (CRC) patient-derived orthotopic xenograft (PDOX) mouse model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A patient CRC tumor previously established in nude mice was implanted subcutaneously in transgenic green fluorescence protein (GFP)-expressing nude mice. Harvested tumor fragments were transplanted orthotopically in non-transgenic nude mice. Mice were randomized into three groups: Group 1 (G1), untreated-control; Group 2 (G2), OXA+5-FU; Group 3 (G3), TRAB+OXA+5-FU. Tumor width, length, and mouse body weight were measured twice a week. RESULTS: Both treatment groups inhibited tumor growth compared to the untreated control group. The combination of TRAB, OXA and 5-FU was significantly more efficacious than OXA+5-FU and arrested tumor growth. No significant changes were observed in body-weight in any of the three groups. CONCLUSION: TRAB, OXA and 5-FU combination has clinical potential for this and other CRC patients.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Animais , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Oxaliplatina/administração & dosagem , Trabectedina/administração & dosagem , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
13.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 37(5): 509-515, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31721499

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of circular RNA hsa_circ_0002203 on the malignant biological behavior of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cell lines. METHODS: Forty patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma were included. Real-time fluorescent polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to detect the expression level of circular RNA hsa_circ_0002203 in OSCC and corresponding adjacent tissues, OSCC cell lines, and human oral keratinocytes (HOK). SCC15 and CAL27 cells were transfected with lenti-virus. The expression level of circular RNA hsa_circ_0002203 was detected by real-time fluorescent PCR. Cell proliferation was detected by cell counting assay (CCK-8). Cell migration and invasion ability was detected by scratch assay and Transwell migration and invasion assay. Apoptosis level was detected by flow cytometry. The expression of corresponding protein was detected by Western blot. Murine tumor formation experiments were performed to observe the effect of hsa_circ_0002203 on the tumorigenesis of SCC15 cells in vivo. RESULTS: The expression of circular RNA hsa_circ_0002203 in OSCC tissues was lower than that in adjacent tissues (P<0.01), and the expression in OSCC cell lines was lower than that in HOK (P<0.001). Hsa_circ_0002203 expression increased after the lentiviral infection of SCC15 and CAL27. The proliferation, migration, and invasion of SCC15 and CAL27 reduced, and apoptosis level was promoted. The tumor volume, weight decreased, and growth rate of nude mice decreased. CONCLUSIONS: The low expression of circular RNA hsa_circ_0002203 in oral squamous cell carcinoma can enhance the proliferation, migration, and invasion of cancer cells and inhibit tumor cell apoptosis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Bucais , Animais , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , RNA
14.
Enzymes ; 46: 11-22, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31727272

RESUMO

In vivo experimental models are still essential for advancing our understanding of cancer and developing novel therapeutic strategies, despite rapid and remarkable developments in cellular and molecular technologies. Multiple patient-derived tumor xenograft (PDX) models, in which primary cancer tissues or cells are transplanted into immunodeficient mice, have been developed. PDX models are widely used in the field of precision cancer medicine. The purpose of this chapter is to introduce the chick embryo xenograft model, which has a longer history than the athymic nude mouse model.


Assuntos
Transplante de Neoplasias , Neoplasias/patologia , Animais , Embrião de Galinha , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Transplante Heterólogo
15.
Br J Radiol ; 92(1104): 20190425, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593482

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Overexpression of human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2) in breast cancers provides promising opportunities for imaging and targeted therapy. Developing HER2 targeted positron emission tomography (PET) probes might be benefit for management of the disease. Small high-affinity scaffold proteins, affibodies, are ideal vectors for imaging HER2 overexpressed tumors. Despite of the initial success on development of 18F labeled ZHER2:342 affibody, the tedious synthesis producers, low yields and unfavorable pharmacokinetics may hinder the clinical use. 68Ga is an attractive positron emitter for PET imaging. A simple preparation of 68Ga labeled ZHER2:342 analog, 68Ga-NOTA-MAL-Cys-MZHER2:342, was reported in the study. The in vivo performances of the tracer for assessing HER2 status in breast cancers were also evaluated. METHODS: NOTA-MAL conjugated Cys-MZHER2:342 was radiolabeled with 68Ga. The probe was evaluated by in vitro tests including stability and cell binding studies in breast cancer cells with different HER2 levels. In vivo evaluation was performed in mice bearing tumors using microPET imaging and biodistribution experiments. A PET/CT imaging study was initially performed in patients with breast cancers. RESULTS: The tracer was synthesized in a straightforward chelation method with satisfactory non-decay corrected yield (81±5%) and radiochemical purity (>95%). In vivo micro-PET imaging showed that HER2 high levels expressed BT474 xenografts were more clear visualized than HER2 low levels expressed MCF-7 tumors (16.12 ± 2.69 ID%/g vs 1.32 ± 0.19 ID%/g at 1 h post-injection). The outcome was consistent with the immunohistochemical analysis. No significant radioactivity was accumulated in healthy tissues (less than 2% ID/g) except kidneys. In a preliminary clinical study, 68Ga-NOTA-MAL-Cys-MZHER2:342 PET imaging allowed more high-contrast detection of HER2 positive primary tumors (maximum standardized uptake value = 2.16±0.27) than those in HER2 negative primary focus (maximum standardized uptake value = 0.32±0.05). No detectable side-effects were found. CONCLUSION: In summary, this study indicates the significant efficiency of the 68Ga labeled HER2 affibody. Preclinical and clinical studies support the possibility of monitoring HER2 levels in breast cancers using 68Ga-NOTA-MAL-Cys-MZHER2:342. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: The research investigated the feasibility of a 68Ga labeled HER2 affibody modified with a hydrophilic linker for breast cancer PET imaging. Favorable outcomes showed that the probe might be valuable for determining HER2 status of the disease.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Radioisótopos de Gálio/farmacocinética , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/farmacocinética , Animais , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Xenoenxertos , Humanos , Rim/diagnóstico por imagem , Rim/metabolismo , Células MCF-7 , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/síntese química , Distribuição Tecidual
16.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 7079-7093, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564866

RESUMO

Background: Currently, effective detection and treatment of cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM) still face severe challenges. Ultrasound molecular imaging as a noninvasive and easy-to-operate method is expected to bring improvements for tumor detection. Purpose: The aim of this research is to prepare novel phase-change ultrasound contrast agents, Nds-IR780, which can perform not only dual-mode molecule-targeted imaging but also targeted photothermal therapy for CMM. Methods: A double emulsion process was used to prepare the Nds-IR780. Then, the entrapment rate and drug loading of IR-780 iodide in Nds-IR780 were detected by high-performance liquid chromatography. The biocompatibility of Nds-IR780 was evaluated by a CCK-8 assay and the characteristics and stability of that were verified through the particle size analyzer, laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The abilities of dual-mode molecule-targeted imaging and targeted photothermal therapy for Nds-IR780 were confirmed via the in vitro and in vivo experiments. Results: Nds-IR780 had good size distribution, polydispersity index, stability and biosafety. The in vitro and in vivo experiments confirmed that Nds-IR780 were capable of targeting CMM cells with high affinity (22.4±3.2%) and facilitating dual-mode imaging to detect the primary lesion and sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) of CMM. Furthermore, the photothermal ablation of CMM mediated by Nds-IR780 was very effective in vivo. Conclusion: The newly prepared Nds-IR780 were observed to be effective targeted theranostic probe for the precise detection and targeted treatment of CMM.


Assuntos
Meios de Contraste/química , Gotículas Lipídicas/química , Melanoma/diagnóstico , Melanoma/terapia , Nanopartículas/química , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/terapia , Nanomedicina Teranóstica , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Hipertermia Induzida , Indóis/química , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Fototerapia , Temperatura Ambiente , Distribuição Tecidual , Carga Tumoral , Ultrassom
17.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 7107-7121, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564868

RESUMO

Background: Cervical cancer (CxCa) ranks as the fourth most prevalent women-related cancer worldwide. Therefore, there is a crucial need to develop newer treatment modalities. Ormeloxifene (ORM) is a non-steroidal, selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) that is used as an oral contraceptive in humans. Recent investigations suggest that ORM exhibits potent anti-cancer activity against various types of cancers. Nanoparticulates offer targeted delivery of anti-cancer drugs with minimal toxicity and promise newer approaches for cancer diagnosis and treatment. Therefore, the nanotherapy approach is superior compared to traditional chemotherapy, which is not site-specific and is often associated with various side effects. Methods: Pursuing this novel nanotherapy approach, our lab has recently developed ORM-loaded poly [lactic-co-glycolic acid] (PLGA), an FDA-approved biodegradable polymer, nanoparticles to achieve targeted drug delivery and improved bioavailability. Our optimized PLGA-ORM nanoformulation showed improved internalization in both dose- and energy-dependent manners, through endocytosis-mediated pathways in both Caski and SiHa cell lines. Additionally, we employed MTS and colony forming assays to determine the short- and long-term effects of PLGA-ORM on these cells. Results: Our results showed that this formulation demonstrated improved inhibition of cellular proliferation and clonogenic potential compared to free ORM. Furthermore, the PLGA-ORM nanoformulation exhibited superior anti-tumor activities in an orthotopic cervical cancer mouse model than free ORM. Conclusion: Collectively, our findings suggest that our novel nanoformulation has great potential for repurposing the drug and becoming a novel modality for CxCa management.


Assuntos
Benzopiranos/uso terapêutico , Nanopartículas/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Benzopiranos/farmacologia , Carcinogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinogênese/metabolismo , Carcinogênese/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Membrana Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Clonais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Endocitose/efeitos dos fármacos , Eritrócitos/metabolismo , Feminino , Hemólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos Nus , Copolímero de Ácido Poliláctico e Ácido Poliglicólico/química , Soro/química , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
18.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 7141-7153, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564870

RESUMO

Background: Theranostics, elaborately integrating both therapeutic and diagnostic functions into a nanoplatform holds great potential for precision cancer medicine. Methods: Herein, a biodegradable theranostic nanoplatform with hyperthermia-induced bubble ability for highly efficient ultrasound (US) imaging-guided chemo-photothermal therapy of breast tumors was developed. The prepared nanoparticles consisted of polydopamine (PDA)-modified hollow mesoporous organosilica nanoparticles (HMONs) with approximately 75 nm in diameter for doxorubicin (DOX) loading and perfluoropentane (PFP) filling. In addition, the pH-sensitive PDA coating served as both gatekeeper controlling DOX release and photothermal agent for inducing hyperthermia. Results: Such nanoplatform (PDA@HMONs-DOX/PFP, PHDP) provides efficient loading (328 mg/g) and controllable stimuli-responsive release of DOX for chemotherapy. The incorporated disulfide bonds in the framework of HMONs endowed nanoparticles with intrinsic glutathione-responsive biodegradability and improved biocompatibility. Benefiting from the hyperthermia upon an 808-nm laser irradiation of PDA, the liquid-gas phase transition of the loaded PFP was induced, resulting in the generation of the nanobubbles, followed by the coalescence into microbubbles. This conversation could enhance the tumor cell uptake of nanoparticles, as well as intensify the US imaging signals. In addition, a synergistic therapeutic effect of our fabricated nanoplatform on cells/tumor growth effect has been systematically evaluated both in vitro and in vivo. Conclusion: Therefore, such "all-in-one" PHDP nanoparticles with satisfactory biocompatibility and biodegradability, hyperthermia-induced bubble ability and simultaneous US imaging performance hold great potential for cancer nanotheranostics.


Assuntos
Hipertermia Induzida , Microbolhas , Nanopartículas/química , Fototerapia , Nanomedicina Teranóstica , Ultrassonografia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Endocitose/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Humanos , Indóis/química , Cinética , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Nanopartículas/ultraestrutura , Polímeros/química , Distribuição Tecidual/efeitos dos fármacos
19.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(83): 12455-12458, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31565704

RESUMO

Hypochlorous acid (HClO) is one of the most important reactive oxygen species (ROS) and plays a vital role in many physiological and pathological processes. The comprehensive exploration of mechanistic details and the potential clinical translation necessitate the development of reliable probes for prompt and accurate detection of HClO in complex biological environments. Herein we report a fluorinated bihydrazide conjugate as a 19F NMR/MRI probe with a "turn-on" character for the detection of HClO. This probe could selectively respond to HClO, leading to a significant recovery of 19F signals for 19F NMR/MRI. Activatable sensing and imaging of HClO were achieved with SMMC-7721 cells and nude mice, which demonstrates that this small molecular conjugate could serve as a selective probe for real-time sensing and imaging of HClO in biological systems.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Hidrazinas/química , Ácido Hipocloroso/análise , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Radioisótopos de Flúor , Halogenação , Humanos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio
20.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5339-5344, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570427

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Gemcitabine is standard first-line treatment for patients with advanced pancreatic cancer, however the efficacy is limited. Although acquired drug resistance and side-effects are known to limit efficacy, opposite effects of a drug, which enhance the malignancy of treated cancer, have been observed but are not well understood. The aim of the present study was to determine whether gemcitabine has such opposite effects on the BxPC-3 human pancreatic cancer cell line expressing green fluorescent protein (BxPC-3-GFP) in an orthotopic mouse model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: BxPC-3-GFP tumors grown subcutaneously in nude mice were harvested. Tumor fragments were orthotopically implanted in the tail of the pancreas of nude mice using the technique of surgical orthotopic implantation. The BxPC-3-GFP orthotopic models were divided randomly into three groups: Group 1: untreated control; Group 2: low-dose gemcitabine (weekly intraperitoneal injection at 25 mg/kg for 6 weeks); Group 3: high-dose gemcitabine (weekly intraperitoneal injection at 125 mg/kg for 6 weeks). Each group comprised eight mice. Tumor size, fluorescent area of metastases, and body weight were measured. RESULTS: Low- and high-dose gemcitabine inhibited primary tumor growth in a dose-dependent manner, and to the greatest extent by high-dose gemcitabine compared to the untreated control (p=0.0134). In contrast, the extent of metastasis on the peritoneum was significantly increased by low-dose gemcitabine compared to the untreated control (p=0.0112). The extent of metastasis showed no significant difference between the untreated control and mice treated with high-dose gemcitabine. Body weight of the treated mice was not significantly different from that of the untreated mice. CONCLUSION: The use of very bright GFP expressing of BxPC-3 cells and the orthotopic model demonstrated an unexpected increase in metastasis by low-dose gemcitabine. Future experiments will investigate the mechanism of this phenomenon.


Assuntos
Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Metástase Neoplásica/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/metabolismo , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Pâncreas/efeitos dos fármacos , Pâncreas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/metabolismo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA