Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 850
Filtrar
1.
PLoS One ; 16(2): e0246819, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33566852

RESUMO

Since the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, singing activities for children and young people have been strictly regulated with far-reaching consequences for music education in schools and ensemble and choir singing in some places. This is also due to the fact, that there has been no reliable data available on aerosol emissions from adolescents speaking, singing, and shouting. By utilizing a laser particle counter in cleanroom conditions we show, that adolescents emit fewer aerosol particles during singing than what has been known so far for adults. In our data, the emission rates ranged from 16 P/s to 267 P/s for speaking, 141 P/s to 1240 P/s for singing, and 683 P/s to 4332 P/s for shouting. The data advocate an adaptation of existing risk management strategies and rules of conduct for groups of singing adolescents, like gatherings in an educational context, e.g. singing lessons or choir rehearsals.


Assuntos
Aerossóis/análise , Canto , Fala , Adolescente , Surtos de Doenças , Monitoramento Ambiental/instrumentação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
2.
Work ; 68(1): 21-26, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33459684

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prior to the COVID-19 global health emergency, reducing direct contacts between therapists and patients is an important issue, and could be achieved by using robots to perform certain caring activities. OBJECTIVE: This study compares therapeutic factors of singing group activities directed by social robots and by occupational therapists at elderly care centers during this COVID-19 outbreak. METHODS: This project has a quasi-experimental research design, based on a pilot study of 14 subjects aged above 65 years. They received eight sessions of singing group therapy given by a social robot or an occupational therapist. Completed copies of a therapeutic-factor questionnaire were then collected. RESULTS: At the 4th week, the scores for 8 therapeutic factors were higher in sessions with the occupational therapist than the robot-directed sessions, reaching a statistically significant level; at the 8th week, the scores for 3 therapeutic factors, including imparting of information, were higher in sessions with the occupational therapist than in sessions with the robot. The top scoring therapeutic factor in the robot sessions was group cohesiveness. CONCLUSIONS: Social robots may be good companion tools for elderly care during this COVID-19 outbreak, but group therapy sessions supervised by real-person therapists still have higher therapeutic factor scores than those conducted by robots. The number of subjects needs to be increased to enhance the validity of future study results.


Assuntos
/prevenção & controle , Terapia Ocupacional/métodos , Robótica/tendências , Canto , Recursos Humanos/tendências , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Terapia Ocupacional/instrumentação , Terapia Ocupacional/tendências , Robótica/instrumentação , Inquéritos e Questionários , Taiwan , Recursos Humanos/normas
3.
RECIIS (Online) ; 14(4): 880-891, out.-dez. 2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145565

RESUMO

Neste artigo, discutimos a estetização do testemunho histórico sob a forma da canção popular em duas obras do compositor Francisco Buarque de Holanda: Angélica (1981) e Pedaço de mim (1978). Ambas se inspiram no caso Zuzu Angel, uma famosa estilista de moda, amiga do compositor, que teve seu filho morto pela ditadura civil militar em 1971, e faleceu num controverso acidente de carro em 1976. Partindo das reflexões de autores como Benjamin, Agamben, Halbwachs, Seligmann-Silva e Blacking, procuramos discutir como a canção popular pode ser uma forma peculiar tanto de expressar a natureza do trauma, como de trazer à tona aspectos específicos de uma suposta verdade testemunhal.


In this article we discuss the aesthetization of historical testimony in two songs by composer Francisco Buarque de Holanda: Angélica (1981) and Pedaço de mim (1978), both inspired in the story of Zuzu Angel, a Brazilian fashion stylist whose son was killed by the government during Brazilian civil military dictatorship in 1971. Zuzu Angel died in a mysterious car accident in 1976. We cite authors such as Benjamin, Agamben, Halbwachs, Seligmann-Silva and Blacking to discuss how a popular song can be a peculiar way to express the nature of the trauma and to bring to light specific features of an alleged testimonial truth.


En este artículo, discutimos la estetización del testimonio histórico en forma de canción popular en dos obras del compositor Francisco Buarque de Holanda: Angélica (1981) y Pedaço de mim (1978), ambas inspiradas en el caso de Zuzu Angel, una famosa estilista brasileña cuyo hijo fue asesinado por la dictadura civil militar en 1971, y murió en un controvertido accidente automovilístico en 1976. De las reflexiones de autores como Benjamin, Agamben, Halbwachs, Seligmann-Silva y Blacking, buscamos discutir como la canción popular puede ser una forma peculiar tanto de expressar la naturaliza del trauma como de sacar a la luz aspectos específicos de la supuesta verdad de um testimonio.


Assuntos
Humanos , Dor , Narrativa Pessoal , Memória , Militares , Música , Autoritarismo , Brasil , Poesia , Canto
4.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(6): 669-675, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142589

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction: Difficulties or limitations in producing high-pitched sounds while singing may be due to the vocal technique used or organic factor. The observation of such difficulty or limitation by singing teachers is one of the main reasons affected individuals are referred to otolaryngologists. Objective: To evaluate the laryngostroboscopic and electromyographic changes in the cricothyroid muscles of singers with difficulties or limitations producing high-pitched sounds. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. Ten singers with difficulty producing high-pitched sounds underwent voice, laryngostroboscopic, and electromyographic evaluations. Results: None of the evaluated singers presented signs of impairment of the superior laryngeal nerve on laryngostroboscopy. The electromyographic findings for the cricothyroid muscle were normal for all singers. Six singers presented vocal fold lesions, seven had signs suggestive of laryngopharyngeal reflux, and two presented vascular changes. Conclusion: No signs suggestive of superior laryngeal nerve paresis or paralysis were observed on laryngostroboscopy and electromyography of the cricothyroid muscle in singers with difficulties or limitations producing high-pitched sounds. The presence of vocal fold lesions should be investigated in this population.


Resumo Introdução: Dificuldades ou limitações na produção de sons agudos durante o canto podem ser decorrentes da técnica vocal utilizada ou de fatores orgânicos. A observação dessa dificuldade ou limitação pelos professores de canto é uma das principais razões pelas quais os indivíduos afetados são encaminhados aos otorrinolaringologistas. Objetivo: Avaliar as alterações laringoestroboscópicas e eletromiográficas no músculo cricotireóideo de cantores com dificuldades ou limitações na produção de sons agudos. Método: Estudo de coorte transversal. Dez cantores com dificuldade de produzir sons agudos foram submetidos a avaliações de voz, laringoestroboscópicas e eletromiográficas. Resultados: Nenhum dos cantores avaliados apresentou sinais de comprometimento do nervo laríngeo superior na laringoestroboscopia. Os achados eletromiográficos para o músculo cricotireóideo foram normais para todos os cantores. Seis cantores apresentaram lesões nas pregas vocais, sete apresentaram sinais sugestivos de refluxo laringofaríngeo e dois apresentaram alterações vasculares. Conclusão: Não foram observados sinais sugestivos de paresia ou paralisia do nervo laríngeo superior na laringoestroboscopia e eletromiografia do músculo cricotireóideo em cantores com dificuldades ou limitações na produção de sons agudos. A presença de lesões nas pregas vocais deve ser investigada nessa população.


Assuntos
Humanos , Distúrbios da Voz , Canto , Qualidade da Voz , Estudos Transversais , Estroboscopia , Eletromiografia
5.
Codas ; 32(5): e20190204, 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33174989

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To adapt the Australian singing voice protocol, Evaluation of Ability to Sing Easily (EASE) to Chilean Spanish. METHODS: A translation of the EASE to Chilean Spanish was performed and later back translated; these were reviewed by a committee made up of 4 Speech-Language pathologists who created the first version in Chilean Spanish (EASE-CL). The EASE-CL is made up of 22 items, the same as the original, which are answered according to a Likert frequency scale, to which, during its adaptation, the option 'not applicable' was added in order to identify the instructions that were not understood or inappropriate for the vocabulary of Chilean singers. This version was applied to 21 professional singers in the Valparaiso Region. During this application there were no suggestions to change any of the instructions. RESULTS: The EASE-CL reflects the original English both in the number of items and in the domains. CONCLUSION: The cultural and linguistic equivalence of the EASE protocol in Chilean Spanish was demonstrated and the EASE-CL version came to be.


Assuntos
Canto , Distúrbios da Voz , Austrália , Chile , Comparação Transcultural , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Traduções , Distúrbios da Voz/diagnóstico
6.
Codas ; 32(5): e2019022, 2020.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33053081

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Analyze the measures of the fundamental frequency, electroglotographic jitter, contact quotient and periodicity of the electroglotographic waves of the singers in habitual voice. METHOD: A cross-sectional observational study, which selected individuals from singing schools in the central region of the municipality of Belo Horizonte. The sample was non-probabilistic, for convenience consisted of 60 singers aged between 18 and 55 years, 30 males and 30 females. For the electroglotographic record collection, the Kay Pentax ™ CSL program, model 6103, the Electroglotographic module was used. The participants were placed in a seated position, and after cleaning the skin of the neck with 70% alcohol, two electrodes were placed on the wings of the thyroid cartilage at the level of the vocal folds. Subsequently, the participants were instructed to emit the vowel/a/sustained in a habitual way. The measurements of the fundamental frequency (f0), contact quotient (QC), electroglotographic jitter and periodicity of the electroglotographic wave were analyzed. The data were statistically analyzed using Minitab 17. RESULTS: The parameters analyzed were statistically significant. The fundamental frequency (f0) was higher in females (226.91Hz) when compared to males (166.54Hz). The measure of contact quotient and periodicity was also higher in women (40.46% and 15.51% respectively) when compared to men (27.45% and 7.82, respectively). The jitter parameter was higher in men when compared to women. CONCLUSION: Women presented higher values in the fundamental frequency (f0), contact quotient (QC) and periodicity of the wave compared to men. The men presented the jitter value higher than that of the women.


Assuntos
Canto , Voz , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Acústica da Fala , Qualidade da Voz , Adulto Jovem
7.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(4): 497-501, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132611

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction There are no official diagnostic protocols for singing voice assessment. In this publication, on the basis of a literature review, standards for the singing voice handicap index exclusively dedicated to voice disorders in singing have been given. Objective The study aims to determine the normative values for the singing voice handicap index. Methods The study is a systematic review and a meta-analysis. A systematic literature search was performed using PubMed to access relevant databases and to locate outcome studies. The "inclusion" criteria were as follows: English language, original papers and human studies retrospective and prospective papers, cross-sectional and case-control studies. Results Eight articles were included for the final analysis. The normative value for the singing voice handicap index was 20.35 with a confidential range of 10.6-30.1 for a group of 729 healthy subjects whose voices were judged as normal, with an age range of 16-64 years. Conclusion The mean normative value of the singing voice handicap index was 20.35 with the confidence levels between 10.6 and 30.1.


Resumo Introdução Não há protocolos diagnósticos oficiais para avaliação de voz no canto. Neste estudo baseado em uma revisão de literatura, são fornecidos padrões para o índice de desvantagem vocal no canto exclusivamente dedicado a distúrbios vocais no canto. Objetivo Determinar os valores normativos para o índice de desvantagem vocal no canto. Método O estudo é uma revisão sistemática com metanálise. Uma busca sistemática da literatura foi feito no PubMed para acessar bancos de dados relevantes e para localizar estudos de desfecho. Os critérios de inclusão foram: estudos escritos em inglês, artigos originais e estudos em seres humanos, retrospectivos e prospectivos, estudos transversais e de caso-controle. Resultados Oito artigos foram incluídos na análise final. O valor normativo para o índice de desvantagem vocal no canto foi de 20,35 com intervalo de confiança de 10,6 a 30,1 em um grupo de 729 indivíduos saudáveis cujas vozes foram consideradas normais, de 16 a 64 anos. Conclusões O valor normativo médio do índice de desvantagem vocal no canto foi de 20,35 com intervalo de confiança entre 10,6 e 30,1.


Assuntos
Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Voz , Distúrbios da Voz , Canto , Qualidade da Voz , Estudos Transversais , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0236787, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32730322

RESUMO

The nature and timing of caregivers' speech provides an important foundation for infant attention and language development in the first year of life. Infant-directed speech is a key component of responsive parent-infant communication that is typically characterised by exaggerated intonation and positive affect. This study examines the effect of postnatal depression on the expression of positive vocal affect and pitch, the quantity of mothers' infant-directed speech input and the timing of vocal responses between mother and infant. Postnatal mothers currently experiencing symptoms of depression (n = 13) were matched to postnatal mothers who were not experiencing symptoms of depression (n = 13), and audio-recorded while playing with their 6-month-old infants. Compared with depressed mothers, non-depressed mothers used a higher mean pitch and pitch range, spoke more, gave faster verbal responses and were rated as expressing more positive valence in their voice. These preliminary findings indicate that mothers experiencing low mood use less infant-directed speech and less exaggerated pitch with prelinguistic infants. Postnatal depression is a major health issue that adversely impacts the parent and child. Early interventions for PND may benefit from identifying ways to support the timing of conversations and mothers' use of appropriate vocal pitch and infant-directed speech modifications. Further research is needed to confirm whether these strategies support early conversations.


Assuntos
Acústica , Depressão/fisiopatologia , Desenvolvimento da Linguagem , Comportamento Materno , Canto/fisiologia , Fala , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Relações Mãe-Filho , Adulto Jovem
9.
Codas ; 32(3): e20180304, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32638826

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Verify the perception of popular and classical singers in relation to vocal symptoms and their possible relations regarding knowledge of health and vocal hygiene. METHOD: This study was composed of 242 singers, aged between 17 and 60, of both sexes. A total of 56 singers were selected, with 186 singers, divided into 104 Popular Singers Group (PSG) and 82 Classical Singers Group (CSG). All participants answered the questionnaire for identification and also vocal self-assessment, and two protocols were applied, namely: Brazilian validated version of Voice Symptom Scale - VoiSS (Escala de Sintomas Vocais - ESV) and Questionário de Saúde e Higiene Vocal (QSHV). RESULTS: The largest number of participants was female. The classical singers presented more time of singing class than the popular ones. Show hours of 1-2 hours was higher in the number of subjects responding to both groups of singers. Classical singers presented greater perception of vocal symptoms when compared to the popular ones for total and emotional scores of the Brazilian validated version of VoiSS. The popular and classical groups do not make any difference regarding health and vocal hygiene, even though the groups obtained values above the QSHV normality score. There was no correlation between knowledge about vocal health and hygiene and vocal symptoms in singers. CONCLUSION: Classical singers are more affected by vocal changes, especially women. The singers obtained a good degree of knowledge in vocal hygiene, not differing about the styles. The perception of vocal alteration in popular and classical singers seems to have no relation with the degree of health knowledge and vocal hygiene.


Assuntos
Higiene , Autoimagem , Canto , Distúrbios da Voz , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Qualidade da Voz , Adulto Jovem
10.
Psychol Trauma ; 12(S1): S247-S248, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32584108

RESUMO

Since March 2020, Italy has been in lockdown due to COVID-19, and individuals have missed all kinds of networking opportunities. Already in the 1st weeks of March, Italian cities' silence was broken by singing. The use of singing as a coping strategy as well as to improve the sense of cohesion is evident. Greater attention should be paid to the development of social cohesion and to social support in terms of social networks and the development of social capital. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Infecções por Coronavirus , Solidão , Pandemias , Satisfação Pessoal , Pneumonia Viral , Canto , Capital Social , Apoio Social , Adulto , Humanos , Itália
11.
Nature ; 582(7813): 539-544, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32555461

RESUMO

Coordinated skills such as speech or dance involve sequences of actions that follow syntactic rules in which transitions between elements depend on the identities and order of past actions. Canary songs consist of repeated syllables called phrases, and the ordering of these phrases follows long-range rules1 in which the choice of what to sing depends on the song structure many seconds prior. The neural substrates that support these long-range correlations are unknown. Here, using miniature head-mounted microscopes and cell-type-specific genetic tools, we observed neural activity in the premotor nucleus HVC2-4 as canaries explored various phrase sequences in their repertoire. We identified neurons that encode past transitions, extending over four phrases and spanning up to four seconds and forty syllables. These neurons preferentially encode past actions rather than future actions, can reflect more than one song history, and are active mostly during the rare phrases that involve history-dependent transitions in song. These findings demonstrate that the dynamics of HVC include 'hidden states' that are not reflected in ongoing behaviour but rather carry information about prior actions. These states provide a possible substrate for the control of syntax transitions governed by long-range rules.


Assuntos
Canários/fisiologia , Neurônios/fisiologia , Canto/fisiologia , Vocalização Animal/fisiologia , Animais , Encéfalo/anatomia & histologia , Encéfalo/citologia , Encéfalo/fisiologia , Canários/anatomia & histologia , Canários/genética , Masculino , Modelos Neurológicos , Psicolinguística , Fatores de Tempo
12.
Rev. logop. foniatr. audiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 40(2): 48-54, abr.-jun. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-193697

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: Los cantantes son uno de los grupos de profesionales de la voz con mayor prevalencia de patología vocal y están expuestos a muchos factores de riesgo. Esto se acrecienta en el caso de los cantantes de coros amateurs que no suelen recibir nociones de técnica vocal. MÉTODO: Se estudiaron las características vocales y los factores de riesgo de 39 cantantes de coros amateur mediante el índice de incapacidad vocal abreviado (VHI-10), el índice de incapacidad vocal para el canto (S-VHI), laringoestroboscopia y análisis vocal. RESULTADOS: Los cantantes que no habían recibido clases de técnica vocal obtuvieron puntuaciones más altas tanto en el VHI-10 (10.5; p=.001) como en el S-VHI (55.9; p=.010) frente a los que sí (4 en el VHI-10 y 31.4 en el S-VHI). Respecto al sexo, encontramos que las mujeres alcanzan puntuaciones más altas (51.6) que los hombres (35) en el S-VHI (p=.019). En la muestra encontramos 9 sujetos (23.1%) con signos de fatiga vocal y 6 (15.4%) con reflujo. En el análisis acústico la frecuencia es más alta en la voz cantada (278.1HZ) que en la hablada (168.4Hz), los armónicos también son mayores en voz cantada (28dB) que en voz hablada (22dB), los valores de jitter son más altos en la voz hablada (0.24) que en la cantada (0.14) y los del shimmer también son más altos en la voz hablada (1.71) que en la cantada (1.23). CONCLUSIONES: La falta de nociones de técnica vocal en cantantes de coros amateur condiciona una mayor puntuación en los test VHI-10 y S-VHI, así como alteraciones en la laringe


INTRODUCTION: Singers are one of the groups of voice professionals with a higher incidence of vocal disorders which expose them to many risk factors. These risks are even higher in singers in amateur choirs, who usually lack vocal technique. METHOD: Vocal traits and risk factors of 39 amateur choir singers were studied using the VHI-10, the S-VHI, laryngeal examination and acoustic analysis. RESULTS: The singers who had not received lessons in vocal technique obtained higher marks in VHI-10 (10.5; P=.001) as well as in S-VHI (55.9; P=.010) compared to those who had (4 in VHI-10 and 31.4 in S-VHI). As regards sex, we find that women achieve higher marks (51.6) than men (35) in the S-VHI (P=.019). In the sample we find 9 subjects (23.1%) with evidence of vocal fatigue and 6 (15.4%) with reflux. In the acoustic analysis we observe that the frequency is higher in the singing voice (278.1HZ) than in the speaking voice (168.4Hz), the harmonics are also higher in the singing voice (28dB) than in the speaking voice (22dB), the jitter values are higher in the speaking voice (.24) than in the singing voice (.14), and shimmer values are also higher in the speaking voice (1.71) than in the singing voice (1.23). CONCLUSION: The lack of vocal technique in amateur choir singers determines a higher mark in the VHI-10 and S-VHI tests together with alterations to the larynx


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Disfunção da Prega Vocal/diagnóstico , Disfunção da Prega Vocal/etiologia , Distúrbios da Voz/etiologia , Distúrbios da Voz/diagnóstico , Canto/fisiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Risco
13.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 69(19): 606-610, 2020 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32407303

RESUMO

On March 17, 2020, a member of a Skagit County, Washington, choir informed Skagit County Public Health (SCPH) that several members of the 122-member choir had become ill. Three persons, two from Skagit County and one from another area, had test results positive for SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Another 25 persons had compatible symptoms. SCPH obtained the choir's member list and began an investigation on March 18. Among 61 persons who attended a March 10 choir practice at which one person was known to be symptomatic, 53 cases were identified, including 33 confirmed and 20 probable cases (secondary attack rates of 53.3% among confirmed cases and 86.7% among all cases). Three of the 53 persons who became ill were hospitalized (5.7%), and two died (3.7%). The 2.5-hour singing practice provided several opportunities for droplet and fomite transmission, including members sitting close to one another, sharing snacks, and stacking chairs at the end of the practice. The act of singing, itself, might have contributed to transmission through emission of aerosols, which is affected by loudness of vocalization (1). Certain persons, known as superemitters, who release more aerosol particles during speech than do their peers, might have contributed to this and previously reported COVID-19 superspreading events (2-5). These data demonstrate the high transmissibility of SARS-CoV-2 and the possibility of superemitters contributing to broad transmission in certain unique activities and circumstances. It is recommended that persons avoid face-to-face contact with others, not gather in groups, avoid crowded places, maintain physical distancing of at least 6 feet to reduce transmission, and wear cloth face coverings in public settings where other social distancing measures are difficult to maintain.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Surtos de Doenças , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Canto , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Fatores de Risco , Washington/epidemiologia
14.
Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being ; 15(1): 1735092, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32212959

RESUMO

Purpose: To describe the perspectives of caregivers in terms of using singing and music in their everyday work, and of their effect on care and interaction with the person with dementia.Methods: A qualitative design was used, consisting of group discussions with professional caregivers from three nursing homes in a medium-sized city in a rural area of Sweden.Results: The results demonstrate that caregiver singing and music can be powerful and useful in the care of and in communication with persons with dementia. Music, for example, can be used to facilitate socialization as it opens up for discussion, while caregiver singing was preferable when it came to the facilitation of care situations and interaction.Conclusions: Singing and music can be powerful and useful tools in the care of and in communication with persons with dementia. Regardless of whether singing or music is used, the most important factor is that a person-centred approach is adopted so as to make the music a facilitative tool. Caregiver singing and music are ways to connect with the person with dementia and an understanding of their use can contribute to dementia research. This in turn can increase awareness of the possible ways to strengthen the partnership between caregivers and persons with dementia.


Assuntos
Cuidadores/psicologia , Comunicação , Demência/enfermagem , Música , Assistência Centrada no Paciente , Canto , Adulto , Feminino , Instituição de Longa Permanência para Idosos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Casas de Saúde , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Suécia/epidemiologia
15.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 4092, 2020 03 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32139746

RESUMO

The recognition of and differential responses to salient stimuli are among the main drivers of behavioral plasticity, yet, how animals evolve and modulate functional responses to novel classes of antagonistic stimuli remain poorly understood. We studied free-living male red-winged blackbirds (Agelaius phoeniceus) to test whether gene expression responses in blood are distinct or shared between patterns of aggressive behavioral responses directed at simulated conspecific versus heterospecific intruders. In this species, males defend territories against conspecific males and respond aggressively to female brown-headed cowbirds (Molothrus ater), a brood parasite that commonly lays eggs in blackbird nests. Both conspecific songs and parasitic calls elicited aggressive responses from focal subjects and caused a downregulation in genes associated with immune system response, relative to control calls of a second, harmless heterospecific species. In turn, only the conspecific song treatment elicited an increase in singing behavior and an upregulation of genes associated with metabolic processes relative to the two heterospecific calls. Our results suggest that aspects of antagonistic behaviors to both conspecifics and brood parasites can be mediated by similar physiological responses, suggestive of shared molecular and behavioral pathways involved in the recognition and reaction to both evolutionarily old and new enemies.


Assuntos
Percepção Auditiva/fisiologia , Comportamento Sexual Animal/fisiologia , Canto/fisiologia , Aves Canoras/fisiologia , Transcriptoma , Vocalização Animal/fisiologia , Animais , Evolução Biológica , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Masculino
16.
Med Probl Perform Art ; 35(1): 54-58, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32135005

RESUMO

AIMS: Musical theatre (MT) combines acting, singing, and dancing within a performance. The purpose of the current study was two-fold: 1) to report on the cardiorespiratory fitness of pre-professional MT dancers, and 2) to examine the cardiorespiratory demand of singing whilst dancing. METHODS: Twenty-one participants (16 females, 5 males; age 20±1.23 yrs; height 169.1±9.24 cm; weight 62.7±10.56) in their final year of pre-professional training volunteered for the study. All participants performed a maximal aerobic capacity test on a treadmill using a portable breath-by-breath gas analyser. Nine participants completed a 4-minute section from Chorus Line twice, singing and dancing and just dancing, in a randomised order whilst wearing the same portable gas analyser. Blood lactate was measured at the end of each trial. RESULTS: Male participants had significantly greater peak oxygen consumption (M vs F, 67.6±2.30 vs 55.6±4.42 mL/kg/min, p<0.001) and anaerobic threshold (% of peak VO2) (54.6±4.04% vs 43.1±3.68%, p<0.001), whilst maximum heart rate and heart rate at anaerobic threshold were similar. The physiological demands of dancing vs singing + dancing were similar, with the exception of the singing + dancing trial having significantly reduced mean breathing frequency and increased lactate (p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: MT dancers' aerobic capacity is greater than that observed in other theatre-based dance genres. The observed breathing frequency and lactate differences in the Chorus Line trails could be due to singing reducing breathing frequency, thereby influencing cardiorespiratory recovery mechanics and subsequently blood lactate levels.


Assuntos
Dança , Música , Consumo de Oxigênio , Canto , Dança/fisiologia , Teste de Esforço , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino , Canto/fisiologia
17.
Med Probl Perform Art ; 35(1): 59-65, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32135006

RESUMO

For classical singers, performing in peak condition is optimal at all times in an industry which demands excellence. The slightest variability in a singer's physiology can influence sound quality and production; in severe instances, a singer's career longevity may be compromised. Researchers have observed an effect of menstrual cycle hormone variability on the voice, compromising tone quality, agility, and stamina. For a subset of these singers, the effect of hormone variability on voice production is especially severe. This phenomenon has been termed premenstrual voice syndrome (PMVS) among singers, although there has been little empirical research on PMVS, which complicates matters related to defining, taxonomizing, and treating the condition. This article offers an overview of existing research related to PMVS, identifies gaps in definitional and categorical boundaries between PMVS and premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD), and offers recommendations for symptom management as well as suggestions for pedagogues and teachers to better educate themselves and their students about PMVS.


Assuntos
Transtorno Disfórico Pré-Menstrual , Síndrome Pré-Menstrual , Canto , Feminino , Humanos , Ocupações , Som
18.
Planta Med ; 86(5): 307-311, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32018307

RESUMO

Sisymbrium officinale (hedge mustard and formerly called Erysimum officinale) is a common plant in wild lands of Europe and Africa. It is also cultivated for its seeds and leaves to be used in salad or mustard. Sisymbrium officinale is useful not only in culinary preparations, but it also seems to possess interesting therapeutic properties, especially for throat diseases such as aphonia and hoarseness. For this reason, it is commonly called "herb of singers" (in Italian, "Erba dei cantanti"). Indeed a cup of Sisymbrium officinale infusion is frequently consumed by singers before artistic performance, even if its beneficial ability still needs to be scientifically demonstrated. Some preliminary data can be analyzed, but new efforts and resources should be devoted to study and investigate a plant with valuable therapeutic potential. This review summarizes the data available for Sisymbrium officinale.


Assuntos
Brassicaceae , Canto , África , Europa (Continente) , Sementes
19.
Codas ; 32(4): e20190068, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32049104

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To describe the emission of upper high notes by professional sopranos by means of the auditory-perceptual evaluation of the singers' voices and self-reports. METHODS: Five professional sopranos performed an excerpt from a Bellini opera which involved the emission of an upper high note. The auditory-perceptual evaluation was carried out by three speech-language therapists and three singing teachers, who considered brightness, loudness, metal quality, vibrato, breathiness, and resonance on a visual-analytical scale, based on each singer's emission of high notes. After the recording, the singers were asked to answer a proprioceptive questionnaire on the physical sensations that they had as they emitted upper high notes. An inferential analysis of the data from the auditory-perceptual evaluation was conducted, and the singers' self-reports were summarized and then orthographically transcribed. RESULTS: In the auditory-perceptual analysis, the emission of upper high notes was characterized according to the presence of brightness, loudness, metal quality, vibrato, and anterior resonance, as perceived by speech-language therapists and singing teachers. In the proprioceptive report, all singers reported laryngeal elevation and a need to use respiratory support in order to emit upper high notes. CONCLUSION: Upper high notes are characterized by a bright vocal emission, enhanced loudness, with a metallic quality and vibrato, little or no breathiness, accompanied by a sensation of laryngeal elevation and a need for respiratory support.


Assuntos
Percepção Auditiva/fisiologia , Canto/fisiologia , Percepção da Fala/fisiologia , Voz/fisiologia , Adulto , Humanos , Laringe/fisiologia , Ocupações , Vibração , Distúrbios da Voz/fisiopatologia , Qualidade da Voz
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32102472

RESUMO

We tested whether karaoke training improves cognitive skills and reduces the risk of physical function impairments. We conducted a single-blinded randomized controlled trial in 26 elderly participants at residential care facilities, who were generally healthy or required the lowest level of care. Participants were near the threshold for mild cognitive impairment with the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) and close to the sarcopenia cut-off with the skeletal muscle mass index. Pulmonary function as measured with spirometry and tongue strength were used as markers for physical functions affected by sarcopenia. Karaoke training occurred once a week for two hours, with an hour of homework assigned weekly. Karaoke training significantly improved the Frontal Assessment Battery at bedside (FAB) compared with an active control group receiving scratch art training (F = 8.04, permutation p-value = 0.013). Subscore improved with inhibitory control (F = 7.63, permutation p-value = 0.015) and sensitivity to interference (F = 11.98, permutation p-value = 0.001). We observed improved tongue pressure (F = 4.49, permutation p-value = 0.040) and pulmonary function by a greater increase in FIV1 (F = 5.22, permutation p-value = 0.047). Engaging elderly people, especially those in care homes, with karaoke training exercises that are moderately physically challenging may be a key to slowing cognitive decline and preventing dysphagia by sarcopenia.


Assuntos
Cognição , Função Executiva , Respiração , Canto , Língua/fisiologia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Pressão , Testes de Função Respiratória
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA