Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 604
Filtrar
1.
Br Dent J ; 230(5): 274, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33712763
2.
Behav Ther ; 52(2): 379-393, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33622507

RESUMO

Using a pilot matched-pairs cluster-randomized control trial, we evaluated the acceptability and preliminary outcomes of universal Teacher-Child Interaction Training (TCIT-U) with students with disabilities in early special education programs. Twelve classrooms (clusters) were paired by age and type and then randomly assigned within pairs to either TCIT-U (81 students, 20 teachers) or wait-list control (63 students, 16 teachers) with services as usual. We analyzed the effects of TCIT-U on (a) teachers' skills acquisition via masked observational coding and (b) students' behavior and developmental functioning via teacher questionnaires. For child-directed interaction skills, teachers receiving TCIT-U exhibited significantly greater increases in behavior descriptions and labeled praise than teachers who did not receive TCIT-U at posttreatment and follow-up. No significant group differences were observed in use of teacher-directed interaction skills. Qualitative data from teachers expanded on these findings, suggesting that teachers found child-directed interaction skills more acceptable than teacher-directed interaction skills. Teachers receiving TCIT-U reported small but significant improvements in student behavior problems and socioemotional functioning at posttreatment and follow-up, as compared to wait-list students. We discuss considerations for future implementation and tailoring of TCIT for young students with disabilities, which may have positive impacts on future cohorts of students beyond teachers' initial training.


Assuntos
Capacitação de Professores , Criança , Comportamento Infantil , Educação Especial , Humanos , Instituições Acadêmicas , Estudantes
3.
Lancet Glob Health ; 9(4): e456-e468, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33631132

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Violence is a leading global public health problem, and interventions in early childhood are important in the primary prevention of violence. We tested whether the Irie Classroom Toolbox, a violence-prevention teacher-training programme reduced violence against children by teachers and reduced class-wide child aggression in Jamaican preschools (catering to children aged 3-6 years). METHODS: We did a single-blind, cluster-randomised controlled trial in 76 preschools in Kingston and St Andrew, randomly selected, using simple randomisation, from 120 eligible preschools. Inclusion criteria were two to four classes of children; at least ten children per class; and located in an urban area. We randomly assigned preschools (1:1) to either the Irie Classroom Toolbox intervention or waiting-list control that received no intervention, using a computer-generated randomisation sequence by an independent statistician masked to school identity. The Toolbox involved training teachers in classroom behaviour management and promoting child social-emotional competence. All assessors were masked to group assignment. All teachers and classrooms in the selected schools participated in the study. Within each school, we used simple randomisation to randomly select up to 12 children aged 4 years for evaluation of child outcomes. The Toolbox intervention was implemented from August to April the following year. Teacher and classroom measures were done at baseline (the summer school term; ie, May to June), post-intervention (after 8 months of intervention; ie, May to June of the following year), and 1-year follow-up (ie, May to June 2 years later). The primary outcomes were observations of violence against children (including physical violence and psychological aggression) by teachers occurring across one full school day, and class-wide child aggression occurring over five 20-min intervals on another school day, all measured at post-intervention and 1-year follow-up and analysed by intention to treat. This trial is registered with ISRCTN, number ISRCTN11968472. FINDINGS: Between June 22, 2015, and April 29, 2016, (after baseline measurements were completed), we assigned 38 preschools (with 119 teachers) to the Toolbox intervention and 38 preschools (with 110 teachers) to control. 441 children in the intervention schools and 424 in the control schools were included in the evaluation. All schools were included in the post-intervention and follow-up analyses. There were fewer counts of violence against children by teachers in the intervention schools compared with control schools at post-intervention (median counts 3 [IQR 0-11] vs 15 [3-35]; effect size -67·12%, 95% CI -80·71 to -53·52, p<0·0001) and 1-year follow-up (median counts 3 [IQR 0-9] vs 6 [1-16]; effect size -53·86, 95% CI -71·08 to -36·65, p<0·0001). No differences between groups were found for class-wide child aggression at post-intervention (effect size 0·07, 95% CI -0·16 to 0·29, p=0·72) or 1-year follow-up (-0·14, -0·42 to 0·16, p=0·72). INTERPRETATION: In Jamaican preschools, the Irie Classroom Toolbox effectively reduced violence against children by teachers. The Toolbox was designed for use with undertrained teachers working in low-resource settings and should be effective with early childhood practitioners in other LMICs. Additional research is needed to further develop the Toolbox to reduce class-wide child aggression. FUNDING: Medical Research Council, Wellcome Trust, UK Aid, and the National Institute of Health Research.


Assuntos
Agressão/psicologia , Psicologia da Criança , Professores Escolares/psicologia , Capacitação de Professores/métodos , Violência/prevenção & controle , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Jamaica , Masculino , Instituições Acadêmicas/organização & administração , Método Simples-Cego , Capacitação de Professores/organização & administração
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33466871

RESUMO

Service-learning (SL) is the subject of a growing number of studies and is becoming increasingly popular in physical education teacher education (PETE) programs. The objective of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the implementation of SL programs with PETE students. The databases used were Web of Science, SPORTDiscus (EBSCO), and SCOPUS. Articles were selected on the basis of the following criteria: (a) published in a peer-reviewed journal; (b) covers the use of SL programs with PETE students; (c) relates to physical education or physical activity programs; (d) availability of a full-text version in English and/or Spanish. Thirty-two articles met the inclusion criteria. Two types of findings were observed: firstly, findings relating to the study characteristics and objectives and, secondly, recommendations for improvement of this type of intervention. The objectives of the different studies focused on (a) the impact of the SL methodology on PETE students' professional, social, and personal skills; (b) its impact on the community; (c) analysis of the effectiveness and quality of the programs. All but two studies analyzed the impact of SL on PETE, while only four analyzed community participants and only three analyzed the quality of the SL program. Recommendations for improving SL programs used with PETE students included: all stakeholders, e.g., students and community participants, should be studied and coordinated; the quality of the programs should be assessed, as studying the effectiveness of SL programs could help to attain the objectives of both students and the community; mixed methods should be used; and intervention implementation periods should be extended to provide more objective, controlled measurements.


Assuntos
Capacitação de Professores , Exercício Físico , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Educação Física e Treinamento , Estudantes
5.
Trials ; 22(1): 98, 2021 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33509268

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sweden is home to a large and growing population of refugee youths who may be at risk of mental health problems such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Thus, there is a need for interventions that address mental health problems in these populations. Schools have been identified as an ideal setting for delivering such interventions as they offer a non-stigmatizing space and are often central to young refugees' social networks. The RefugeesWellSchool trial in Sweden will investigate an intervention comprising two programmes: Teaching Recovery Techniques (TRT) and In-service Teacher Training (INSETT), delivered in a school setting, among refugee youth. TRT is a group-based programme for children and adolescents, informed by Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT). INSETT is a multi-module course for teachers providing information on trauma and the refugee experience to build teachers' cultural competence and capacity for supporting refugee youths in schools. METHODS: This trial employs a cluster randomized-control design with two arms: (1) the intervention arm in which the TRT and INSETT programmes are offered (n = 350), (2) the wait-list control arm (n = 350) in which services are provided as usual until the TRT and INSETT programmes are offered approximately six months later. Data will be collected prior to the intervention, immediately following the intervention, and at three months post-intervention. Outcomes for the trial arms will be compared using linear mixed models or ANCOVA repeated measures as well as the Reliable Change Index (RCI). DISCUSSION: This study will provide knowledge about the effectiveness of an intervention comprising two programmes: a group-based programme for youth reporting symptoms of PTSD and a training course for teachers, in order to build their competence and ability to support refugee youths in schools. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN, ISRCTN48178969 , Retrospectively registered 20/12/2019.


Assuntos
Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental/métodos , Promoção da Saúde/organização & administração , Refugiados/psicologia , Serviços de Saúde Escolar/organização & administração , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/terapia , Adolescente , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental/organização & administração , Estudos de Equivalência como Asunto , Feminino , Implementação de Plano de Saúde , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/diagnóstico , Suécia , Capacitação de Professores/métodos , Capacitação de Professores/organização & administração , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-1154978

RESUMO

Abstract Self-efficacy concerns the individual's beliefs in their ability to perform certain activities and influences the level of determination and effort involved. This study aimed to investigate whether teacher education courses for inclusive practices, involving sources of self-efficacy, produce effects on teacher self-efficacy. Thirty-six teachers participated; part of them took part in the course on inclusion of students with intellectual disabilities and the others on inclusion of students with giftedness. The courses stood out for their indissolubility between theory and practice and joint reflexive analysis of videos with successful inclusive educational situations, in order to involve social persuasion and vicarious experiences. The effects of the teacher education were evaluated with the Teacher Efficacy for Inclusive Practices Scale, in the versions Intellectual Disability and Giftedness. The results revealed that there was an increase in teachers' self-efficacy, in order to indicate the potential of the sources of self-efficacy addressed in teacher education.


Resumo A autoeficácia diz respeito às crenças do indivíduo em suas capacidades para realizar determinadas atividades e influencia seu nível de determinação e esforço. Este estudo teve como objetivo investigar se cursos de formação para práticas inclusivas que envolvem fontes de autoeficácia produzem efeitos na autoeficácia docente. Participaram 36 professores, parte deles realizou curso sobre inclusão de estudantes com deficiência intelectual, os demais realizaram curso sobre inclusão de estudantes com altas habilidades/superdotação. Os cursos primavam pela indissociabilidade entre teoria e prática e análise reflexiva conjunta acerca de vídeos com situações educacionais inclusivas bem-sucedidas de modo a envolver persuasão social e experiências vicárias. Os efeitos da formação foram avaliados a partir da Escala de Eficácia Docente para Práticas Inclusivas nas versões Deficiência Intelectual e Altas Habilidades/Superdotação. Os resultados revelaram que houve aumento na autoeficácia dos professores de modo a indicar as potencialidades das fontes de autoeficácia abordadas na formação docente.


Resumen La autoeficacia se refiere a las creencias del individuo en su capacidad para realizar ciertas actividades e influye en el nivel de determinación y esfuerzo involucrados. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo investigar si los cursos de capacitación para prácticas inclusivas que involucren fuentes de autoeficacia producen efectos sobre la autoeficacia docente. Participaron 36 profesores; una parte realizó un curso sobre la inclusión de estudiantes con discapacidad intelectual y los demás, sobre la inclusión de estudiantes con superdotación. Los cursos se destacaron por su inseparabilidad entre la teoría y la práctica y el análisis reflexivo conjunto de videos con situaciones educativas inclusivas exitosas para involucrar la persuasión social y las experiencias vicarias. Los efectos de la formación se evaluaron con la Escala de Eficacia Docente para Prácticas Inclusivas, en las versiones Discapacidad Intelectual y Superdotación. Los resultados revelaron que hubo un aumento en la autoeficacia de los docentes, con el fin de indicar el potencial de las fuentes de autoeficacia abordadas en la formación docente.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Aptidão , Inclusão Escolar , Autoeficácia , Educação Especial , Cursos de Capacitação , Capacitação de Professores , Deficiência Intelectual
7.
Medisan ; 24(6) tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1143265

RESUMO

Introducción: El profesor, docente o enseñante es quien se dedica profesionalmente a la enseñanza y, además, a la transmisión de valores de conducta, técnicas y conocimientos; facilita el aprendizaje para que el alumno lo alcance de la mejor manera posible. Objetivo: Describir las características fundamentales de las funciones y el trabajo de profesores consultantes. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo en la Clínica Estomatológica Provincial Docente Mártires del Moncada de Santiago de Cuba, durante diciembre de 2018, cuyo universo estuvo formado por los 29 profesores consultantes, adjuntos a la Facultad de Estomatología hasta ese año. Como variables de interés se consideraron la edad, el sexo, la especialidad, la categoría docente y su año de otorgamiento, así como los grados académico y científico. Resultados: Los años con mayor asignación de profesores titulares y auxiliares fueron 1998 y 2009, respectivamente. En general, la mayoría de los docentes correspondieron al grupo etario de 65-70 años y al sexo femenino, en tanto la categoría de profesor auxiliar la ostentaban 82,8 % y la de titular 17,2 %. En cuanto al grado académico, el mayor número de profesores titulares y auxiliares eran especialistas de segundo grado, muy pocos de los docentes titulares habían cursado maestrías y ninguno de los profesores auxiliares había optado por el doctorado. Conclusiones: La condición especial de profesor consultante representa y continúa siendo un reconocimiento a la labor académica desplegada en la asesoría de las tareas docentes, asistenciales e investigativas durante la vida profesional.


Introduction: The professor, teaching staff or teacher is the one professionally devoted to teaching and, also, to the transmission of behavior values, techniques and knowledge; that facilitates learning so that the student reaches it in the best possible way. Objective: To describe the fundamental characteristics of consultant professors functions and work. Methods: A descriptive study was carried out in Mártires del Moncada Teaching Provincial Stomatologic Clinic in Santiago de Cuba, during December, 2018, which universe was formed by the 29 consultant professors, associated to the Stomatology Faculty until that year. The age, sex, specialty, teaching category and granting year were considered as variables of interest, as well as the academic and scientific degrees. Results: The years with more assignment of associate or instructor professors were 1998 and 2009, respectively. In general, most of the teaching staff corresponded to the 65-70 age group and the female sex, as long as instructor professor category constituted the 82.8 % and associate professor 17.2 %. As for the academic degree, the highest number of associate and instructor professors was second degree specialists, very few of the associate professors had studied masters degrees and none of the instructor professors had applied for the doctorate. Conclusions: The special condition of consultant professor represents and still is a recognition to the academic work showed in the consultancy of the teaching, assistance and investigative tasks during the professional life.


Assuntos
Docentes de Odontologia , Capacitação de Professores , Educação Superior
8.
Am Psychol ; 75(9): 1376-1388, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33382320

RESUMO

In today's world of global migration and urbanization, millions of children are separated from parents. Their mental health and future competences as citizens depend on the quality of care from foster parents and group home staff in nonparental care settings. Caregivers are challenged by poor work conditions, too many children, and a lack of knowledge about care for traumatized children. How can our profession match this challenge by upscaling interventions? Digital designs for applications of psychology are growing, recently accelerated by the COVID-19 crisis. From 2008, the author developed a blended learning intervention. In partnerships with nongovernmental organizations and government agencies, care recommendations from an international network of researchers are transformed into start-up seminars for staff, followed by a 6-month online classroom education. Students learn and practice how to train local caregiver groups in attachment-based care, using training sessions developed in local languages, adjusted to culture. At present, the author's Fairstart Foundation educated 500 staff from partners in 26 countries, who have trained the caregivers of some 40,000 children. The theoretical, logistic and technical steps from research to daily caregiver-child practices are described, to inspire discussions of how online designs and international partnerships may benefit underserved populations. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Cuidadores/educação , Cuidado da Criança , Criança Abandonada , Educação a Distância , Cuidados no Lar de Adoção , Lares para Grupos , Desenvolvimento de Programas , Trauma Psicológico/enfermagem , Capacitação de Professores , Adulto , Criança , Cuidado da Criança/métodos , Cuidado da Criança/organização & administração , Cuidado da Criança/normas , Cuidado da Criança/estatística & dados numéricos , Criança Abandonada/estatística & dados numéricos , Educação a Distância/métodos , Educação a Distância/organização & administração , Educação a Distância/estatística & dados numéricos , Cuidados no Lar de Adoção/métodos , Cuidados no Lar de Adoção/organização & administração , Cuidados no Lar de Adoção/estatística & dados numéricos , Lares para Grupos/organização & administração , Lares para Grupos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Cooperação Internacional , Colaboração Intersetorial , Desenvolvimento de Programas/métodos , Desenvolvimento de Programas/normas , Desenvolvimento de Programas/estatística & dados numéricos , Capacitação de Professores/métodos , Capacitação de Professores/organização & administração , Capacitação de Professores/estatística & dados numéricos
9.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 29: e20190198, Jan.-Dec. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1101985

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: describe the experience of the proposal, process and results of a training program on qualitative research for nursing teachers based on the constructivist pedagogic model. Method: implementation of a course at a Nursing School in Uruguay from November 3, 2016 to October 12, 2017, in which thirty-nine teachers participated voluntarily. The description of the experience presented in this article is based on the assessment of the course made through participant observation, surveys and a dialogue session with the participants in which the results of the course were discussed. Results: through the implementation of the course, several achievements were accomplished, as well as challenges detected. We would like to highlight the interest received from the course managers and participants in the subject, the nine new research projects, the creation of a bibliographic material, videos and recordings repository, as well as the financial resource mobilization. The challenges were mainly structural and organizational; such as the limited time the participants had to do research and work in teams, the trouble to adopt a critical approach and difficulties with the communication systems. Conclusion: this article contributes to fill the existing gap in qualitative research teaching, and invites to reconsider iniciatives regarding the training of health personnel in the countries of the region, mainly through constructivist and participative models.


RESUMO Objetivo: descrever o relato de uma experiência sobre a proposta, o processo e os resultados de um programa de formação em pesquisa qualitativa, dirigido a professores de enfermagem, baseado no modelo pedagógico construtivista. Método: de 3 de novembro de 2016 a 12 de outubro de 2017entre 3/11/2016 e 12/10/2017 implementamos um curso, em uma faculdade de enfermagem no Uruguai, do qual participaram de forma voluntária 39 professores. O relato da experiência que apresentamos é baseado na avaliação do curso, que foi feito por meio da observação participante, questionários e uma sessão de diálogo com os alunos, na qual se discutiram os resultados do curso. Resultados: a implementação do curso permitiu alcançar conquistas e vislumbrar desafios. Destaca-se o interesse dos gerentes e participantes no tema, contando com nove projetos de pesquisa, um repositório com material bibliográfico, vídeos e gravações, além da mobilização de recursos financeiros. Os desafios foram estruturais e organizacionais; dentre eles, o pouco tempo das participantes para pesquisar ou trabalhar em equipe, dificuldades para adotar uma perspectiva crítica e problemas com os sistemas de comunicação. Conclusão: este trabalho visa a preencher uma lacuna existente sobre o ensino da pesquisa qualitativa, convidando a repensar iniciativas tendentes à formação do pessoal da saúde nos países da região, principalmente desde modelos construtivistas e participativos.


RESUMEN Objetivo: describir el relato de experiencia sobre la propuesta, el proceso y los resultados de un programa de formación en investigación cualitativa dirigido a docentes de enfermería basado en el modelo pedagógico constructivista. Método: entre 3 de octubre de 2016 a 12 de noviembre de 2017, implementamos un curso en una facultad de enfermería en Uruguay, en el que participaron de forma voluntaria 39 docentes. El relato de la experiencia que se presenta se basa en la evaluación del curso, que se hizo por medio de observación participante, cuestionarios y una sesión de dialogo con los alumnos en la que se discutieron los resultados del curso. Resultados: la implementación del curso permitió alcanzar logros y entrever desafíos. Se destaca el interés de los gestores y participantes en el tema, el contar con nueve proyectos de investigación, un repositorio con material bibliográfico, videos y grabaciones, así como la movilización de recursos financieros. Los desafíos fueron estructurales y organizativos; entre ellos, el poco tiempo de las participantes para investigar o trabajar en equipo, dificultades para adoptar una perspectiva crítica y problemas con los sistemas de comunicación. Conclusión: este trabajo abona a llenar una laguna existente sobre la enseñanza de la investigación cualitativa, invitando a repensar iniciativas tendientes a la formación del personal de la salud en los países de la región, principalmente desde modelos constructivistas y participativos.


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ensino , Enfermagem , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Docentes , Escolas de Enfermagem , Saúde , Educação , Docentes de Enfermagem , Capacitação de Professores
10.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0238990, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925981

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to determine the main characteristics of a "good teacher" through the use of questionnaires designed to assess teaching skills and competences, considering the point of view of teachers, principals, and students. In total, 82 teachers, 14 principals, and 625 middle-school students from 5 public schools in São Paulo state participated in this study. Two questionnaires were applied, one designed for teachers and principals and the other for students. First, teachers and principals completed their specific questionnaire, after which the other questionnaire was applied to the students. Both questionnaires contained multiple choice questions related to eight distinct subsections. The questions were answered through the use of a Likert scale, varying from 1 ("totally disagree") to 5 ("totally agree"). The comparisons of the frequency of responses among all questionnaire subsections between teachers and principals were analyzed using a Chi-Square and the z-test, with P-values adjusted to the Bonferroni method. The statistical significance level was set as P < 0.05. The subsection "class atmosphere" presented the highest percentage of response "totally agree", closely followed by "professional engagement". Significant differences (P < 0.05) in responses were observed between teachers and principals for "teaching planning and practice", "use of time and material resources to develop classes", and "professional engagement" domains. In summary, it was demonstrated that some teaching characteristics might be more important than others, with some of these characteristics exhibiting significant differences between groups. Nevertheless, it is crucial to emphasize that all assessed educational domains may be recognized as critical teaching qualities, as all of them presented high levels of "totally agree" responses.


Assuntos
Professores Escolares/psicologia , Capacitação de Professores/métodos , Ensino/normas , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil , Criança , Avaliação Educacional , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Conhecimento , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Professores Escolares/normas , Instituições Acadêmicas , Participação dos Interessados/psicologia , Estudantes/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Sportis (A Coruña) ; 6(3): 426-446, sept. 2020. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-197057

RESUMO

La práctica pedagógica supervisada (PPS) es un momento en que los estudiantes se enfrentan directamente con la realidad que tendrán en sus futuras actividades profesionales y se convierte en un espacio formativo en el que los futuros profesores desarrollan acciones pedagógicas en situaciones de la vida real. El objetivo de este estudio fue conocer las percepciones de profesores en formación de una universidad regional del sur de Chile sobre su proceso de formación práctica. Es una investigación de tipo cuantitativa donde participaron 95 profesores en formación. Los profesores en formación valoran los espacios de formación práctica, pero visualizan distanciamiento entre lo que se enseña en clases en la universidad y la realidad escolar


Supervised pedagogical practice (SPP) is a time when students face directly the reality they will have in their future professional activities, and becomes a training space in which future teachers can develop their pedagogical actions in real life situations. The aim of this study was to know the perceptions of professors in training from a regional university in southern Chile about their practical training process. It is a quantitative research where 95 teachers in training participated. Teachers in training value practical training spaces, but visualize a distance between what was taught in classes at the university and school reality


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Docentes/educação , Percepção , Educação Física e Treinamento/métodos , Esportes/educação , Capacitação de Professores/métodos , Docentes/estatística & dados numéricos , Educação Física e Treinamento/organização & administração , Atividade Motora , Capacitação de Professores/organização & administração , Competência Profissional
12.
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act ; 17(1): 100, 2020 08 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32771011

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: 'Physical Activity 4 Everyone' (PA4E1) was an efficacious multi-component school-based physical activity (PA) program targeting adolescents. PA4E1 has seven PA practices. It is essential to scale-up, evaluate effectiveness and assess implementation of such programs. Therefore, the aim is to assess the impact of implementation support on school practice uptake of the PA4E1 program at 12 and 24 months. METHODS: A cluster randomised controlled trial, utilising a type III hybrid implementation-effectiveness design, was conducted in 49 randomly selected disadvantaged Australian Government and Catholic secondary schools. A blinded statistician randomly allocated schools to a usual practice control (n = 25) or the PA4E1 program group (n = 24), with the latter receiving seven implementation support strategies to support school PA practice uptake of the seven practices retained from the efficacy trial. The primary outcome was the proportion of schools adopting at least four of the seven practices, assessed via telephone surveys with Head Physical Education Teachers and analysed using exact logistic regression modelling. This paper reports the 12-month outcomes. RESULTS: Schools were recruited from May to November 2017. At baseline, no schools implemented four of the seven practices. At 12 months significantly more schools in the program group had implemented four of the seven practices (16/24, 66.7%) than the control group (1/25, 4%) (OR = 33.0[4.15-1556.4], p < 0.001). The program group implemented on average 3.2 (2.5-3.9) more practices than the control group (p < 0.001, mean 3.9 (SD 1.5) vs 0.7 (1.0)). Fidelity and reach of the implementation support intervention were high (both > 80%). CONCLUSIONS: Through the application of multiple implementation support strategies, secondary schools were able to overcome commonly known barriers to implement evidence based school PA practices. As such practices have been shown to result in an increase in adolescent PA and improvements in weight status, policy makers and practitioners responsible for advocating PA in schools should consider this implementation approach more broadly when working with schools. Follow-up is required to determine whether practice implementation is sustained. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry ACTRN12617000681358 registered 12th May 2017.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico , Promoção da Saúde , Educação Física e Treinamento , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Austrália/epidemiologia , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Instituições Acadêmicas , Capacitação de Professores
13.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0236083, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32673373

RESUMO

Recent years have witnessed the arrival of new methodological horizons in teacher training. Technological resources and mobile connections play a major role in these studies. At the same time, there is a focus on play to increase commitment and motivation. It is in this context that gamification and flipped-classroom strategies have arisen. This paper presents the results of a training program with future Primary Education teachers using gamification and flipped-classroom strategies and techniques. The aim was that teachers in training acquire competences in proposing innovative teaching units. The learning achieved through the program was evaluated by collecting perceptions via a questionnaire and using an observation scale of the didactic units designed. The program was implemented in four classroom groups (N = 210) at the University of Murcia (Spain). Descriptive statistics are shown; mean tests (t of Student and ANOVA of one factor); non-parametric tests (U-Mann Whitney test); and Pearson correlations between subscales. The data show a very positive assessment of the learning achieved and the strategies applied in the training program. The learning outcomes were satisfactory, although lower than perceived. Some differences between class groups and gender are discussed, and some weaknesses of the program are pointed out.


Assuntos
Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Percepção , Capacitação de Professores/métodos , Humanos , Análise Multivariada , Análise de Regressão
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32521781

RESUMO

It is increasingly common to upload photographs on the Internet of sports practices carried out. However, this behavior can be related to smartphone addiction, which has become a global problem. In turn, the intensive use of the Instagram social network has begun to be linked to addictive behaviors on mobile devices. The purposes of this paper were to analyze the Instagram usage habits of future primary school teachers, to determine the influence of sociodemographic factors on intensive Instagram use and smartphone addiction, and to determine the influence of intensive Instagram use on smartphone addiction. For this purpose, a transversal design was adopted where two standardized scales were applied to a sample of university students of the Primary Education Degree of the University of Granada, Spain (n = 385). The results showed that the type of image most uploaded to this social network was the selfie, well above sport. Furthermore, the structural equation model highlighted the significant influence of the intensive use of Instagram and smartphone addiction. Finally, the implications and findings of this study are discussed, highlighting the importance of generating healthy habits regarding the use of technology.


Assuntos
Comportamento Aditivo , Smartphone , Capacitação de Professores , Feminino , Hábitos , Humanos , Masculino , Espanha
15.
Barbarói ; (56): 104-126, jan.-jun. 2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-1148406

RESUMO

O perfil profissional almejado pelo Sistema Único de Saúde requer uma formação baseada na problematização e que reconheça o estudante como corresponsável pela construção do conhecimento, promovendo seu desenvolvimento para além das dimensões técnico-científica e procedimental. Este texto problematiza uma prática de ensino realizada na educação superior, a partir de um programa de pós-graduação da área da saúde, fundamentada em metodologias ativas de ensino-aprendizagem. O objetivo deste trabalho foi problematizar as possibilidades de a pós-graduação assumir um papel protagonista na formação para a docência na área da saúde. O texto apresenta os pressupostos das metodologias ativas de ensino-aprendizagem que fundamentam a prática docente e, ao relatar a experiência realizada junto a um curso de graduação, a problematiza. A reflexão desenvolvida evidencia a importância de que a pós-graduação assuma a condição de lócus privilegiado para a formação docente.(AU)


The professional profile aimed by the Unified Health System (Sistema Único de Saúde, in Portuguese) requires a training based on problematization and that recognizes the student as responsible for the construction of knowledge, promoting his development beyond the technical-scientific and procedural dimensions. This paper discusses a teaching practice carried out in higher education, from a postgraduate program in the health area, based on active teaching-learning methodologies. The objective of this work was to problematize the possibilities of the postgraduate taking a leading role in training for teaching in the health area. The text presents the assumptions of the active teaching-learning methodologies that underlie the teaching practice and, when reporting the experience of teaching carried out in an undergraduate course, problematizes it. The developed reflection evidences the importance of the post-graduation assuming the privileged locus condition for teacher training.


Assuntos
Humanos , Ensino , Educação Superior , Capacitação Profissional , Docentes , Capacitação de Professores , Aprendizagem
17.
South Med J ; 113(5): 205-210, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32358613

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Medical school and residency training programs rely on skilled clinician-educators to provide high-quality educational experiences. In 2002, the University of Pittsburgh's Institute for Clinical Research Education created a master's-level degree-granting program in medical education, which now has more than a decade of graduates. METHODS: All graduates between 2004 and 2014 were invited to complete an anonymous electronic survey regarding their experiences with the program and their perception of whether the master's program adequately prepared them in domains pertinent to medical educators. Participants also were asked to upload their current curricula vitae (CV) to assess objective measures of academic productivity among program graduates. RESULTS: More than 75% of surveys were completed (47/60) and 75% of CVs were submitted (45/60). Demographics of respondents showed that 66% were woman. The racial demographics of respondents revealed 13% Hispanic/Latino, 28% Asian, and 59% white, respectively. More than 90% of respondents agreed that because they completed the program, they were competent in multiple teaching and learning domains; 94% of respondents believed that they were more effective educators than peers who did not complete this degree. CV abstraction revealed that 98% of respondents currently held academic positions. Number of publications and number of years since program graduation were used to determine the rate of productivity of the graduates. Twenty-six graduates (58%) successfully published at least one peer-reviewed article per year since they graduated. This equated to approximately 3.77 publications per year for these 26 respondents and 2.27 publications per year for the entire cohort. CONCLUSIONS: Program graduates attributed their competence in several key domains that are crucial to excellence as a clinician-educator to their participation in the degree-granting program. The results of this study suggest that receipt of a graduate-level degree in medical education develops and enhances teaching skills and academic productivity among clinician-educators.


Assuntos
Eficiência , Docentes de Medicina/educação , Competência Profissional , Capacitação de Professores/estatística & dados numéricos , Escolha da Profissão , Currículo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
18.
PLoS One ; 15(5): e0231465, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32365123

RESUMO

Learning using the Internet or training through E-Learning is growing rapidly and is increasingly favored over the traditional methods of learning and teaching. This radical shift is directly linked to the revolution in digital computer technology. The revolution propelled by innovation in computer technology has widened the scope of E-Learning and teaching, whereby the process of exchanging information has been made simple, transparent, and effective. The E-Learning system depends on different success factors from diverse points of view such as system, support from the institution, instructor, and student. Thus, the effect of critical success factors (CSFs) on the E-Learning system must be critically analyzed to make it more effective and successful. This current paper employed the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) with group decision-making (GDM) and Fuzzy AHP (FAHP) to study the diversified factors from different dimensions of the web-based E-Learning system. The present paper quantified the CSFs along with its dimensions. Five different dimensions and 25 factors associated with the web-based E-Learning system were revealed through the literature review and were analyzed further. Furthermore, the influence of each factor was derived successfully. Knowing the impact of each E-Learning factor will help stakeholders to construct education policies, manage the E-Learning system, perform asset management, and keep pace with global changes in knowledge acquisition and management.


Assuntos
Sucesso Acadêmico , Instrução por Computador , Currículo/normas , Internet , Aprendizagem/fisiologia , Instrução por Computador/métodos , Instrução por Computador/normas , Instrução por Computador/provisão & distribução , Exclusão Digital/tendências , Lógica Fuzzy , Humanos , Ciência da Implementação , Internet/organização & administração , Internet/normas , Internet/provisão & distribução , Acesso à Internet/estatística & dados numéricos , Acesso à Internet/tendências , Conhecimento , Professores Escolares/organização & administração , Professores Escolares/normas , Estudantes/psicologia , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Capacitação de Professores/métodos , Capacitação de Professores/organização & administração , Capacitação de Professores/normas
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32365607

RESUMO

In the present study, a teacher training program based on behavioral therapy was conducted for high school correspondence course teachers of adolescents aged between 15 and 18 years who showed developmental difficulties. Participating teachers were assigned to either an immediate treatment (IT; n = 13) or delayed treatment control (DTC; n = 17) group to evaluate the effectiveness of the program, which comprised five 90-min sessions with small groups of three to six participants and was conducted over three months. The results showed significant improvement in students' behaviors and social responsiveness and in teachers' confidence among those in the IT group; however, those in the DTC group did not show any such improvement. We discuss the program's feasibility in terms of developing support resources for teachers in Japanese high schools.


Assuntos
Terapia Comportamental , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/terapia , Capacitação de Professores , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Professores Escolares , Instituições Acadêmicas , Estudantes , Adulto Jovem
20.
Tunis Med ; 98(2): 99-109, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32395798

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: A Certificate of Specialization (C2S) in research methodology and scientific communication was established at the Faculty of Medicine of Bejaia (Algeria), for the benefit of university hospital teachers, in 2018. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of a clinical certifying-research training program on the acquisition of fundamental knowledge for the conduct of health research projects in its three conceptual, operational and editorial phases. METHODS: This training took place during three face-to-face seminars (a total of 12 teaching days), in the form of lectures and workshops by eight lecturers, with a final exam and a thesis dissertation project. The data were collected through Pre- and post-tests which were distributed before and after each seminar while the questionnaire was administered by the end of the training in order to assess the whole course of this training. The knowledge assessment grids were composed of 20 items for each of the first two seminars and 12 items for the third seminar. According to the categories of the Likert scale, these items were weighted from 1 to 5 points, an overall score for the 52 items of 260 points. RESULTS: A total of 38 candidates (selected from 140 applications) attended this training with an overall presenteeism rate of 93%. The differential scores ("pre-test" and "post-test") of progression of knowledge were successively 60%, 49% and 42% in the three seminars. Out of a total of 260 points, the overall learning score of all three seminars increased from an average of 119 points ± 8.66 to 180 points ± 15.87 (p <10-7), with a differential score of 51.6%. CONCLUSION: The evaluation of the C2S clinical research program of the Bejaia Faculty of Medicine documented the significant evolution of knowledge of research methodology and scientific writing tools. The continuity of this training and its generalization to the Maghreb faculties of health sciences are highly recommended, for the improvement of scientific production in Algeria and the Great Maghreb.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica/educação , Certificação , Currículo/normas , Docentes de Medicina , Capacitação de Professores/normas , Redação/normas , Argélia , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Certificação/normas , Educação Médica/normas , Docentes de Medicina/educação , Docentes de Medicina/normas , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Inquéritos e Questionários
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...