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1.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 16(4): 930-932, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32930144

RESUMO

The efficacy of treatments in patients with nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with leptomeningeal metastases (LMs) remains unclear. Epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) play an important role in the treatment of patients with NSCLC. However, few studies have investigated the efficacy of combination therapy with TKIs and whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) in patients with NSCLC/LM. We report here the case of a male patient in his 60s with adenocarcinoma who underwent lobectomy of the right upper lobe. The cancer was classified as pT1bN1M0 Stage IIA, and a mutational analysis revealed the presence of an EGFR mutation. However, 6 months after standard chemotherapy, LM had developed and WBRT was administered. Gefitinib (250 mg/day) was administered after WBRT. The patient remained free of significant recurrent disease for 57 months after WBRT was administered. Combination therapy with TKIs and WBRT is associated with relatively long survival times in patients with LM.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/radioterapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Carcinomatose Meníngea/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinomatose Meníngea/radioterapia , Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Quimiorradioterapia , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Irradiação Craniana/métodos , Receptores ErbB/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores ErbB/genética , Cloridrato de Erlotinib/administração & dosagem , Gefitinibe/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Carcinomatose Meníngea/secundário , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Oncology (Williston Park) ; 34(9): 370-376, 2020 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32965669

RESUMO

In an asymptomatic 77-yearold woman, former 55 packyears smoker, a routine X-ray showed a 45-mm superior left lobe lesion. A chest CT scan confirmed a 36-mm superior left lobe lesion and an aortic-pulmonary lymph node enlargement measuring 42 mm, suspicious for neoplasia. A PET-CT scan showed an elevated uptake in the primary lesion, in the aortic-pulmonary lymph node, and in the left hilar lymph node with a standardized uptake value - 40 and 4.3, respectively. CT-guided lung biopsy showed a lung squamous cell carcinoma. An endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration for lymph-node staging was negative for lymph node spread. Brain MRI was negative. Final staging was determined to be a IIIA (T2bN2) squamous cell carcinoma of the lung.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/terapia , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia/diagnóstico , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus , Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico por imagem , Quimiorradioterapia , Quimioterapia de Consolidação , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Pandemias , Pneumonia/induzido quimicamente
3.
Ann Hematol ; 99(11): 2577-2586, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32945942

RESUMO

Although treatment outcomes for diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) have improved with the introduction of rituximab, approximately half of patients experience relapsed/refractory (r/r) disease. Furthermore, no standard salvage therapy has yet been established to date, while limitations in treatment options exist due to toxicity and restricted tolerability among elderly patients and/or those with comorbidities. The ICE (ifosfamide, cyclophosphamide, and etoposide) regimen is often used as salvage therapy for r/r DLBCL. Several modified ICE regimens not requiring continuous ifosfamide infusion are available, which can be used in outpatient clinics. This study analyzed the efficacy and toxicity of fractionated ICE with rituximab (f-R-ICE) as a salvage regimen among 47 patients with relapsed/refractory DLBCL (median age upon f-R-ICE initiation, 71 years). The whole cohort had an overall (ORR) and complete response rate of 53.1% (n = 25) and 25.5% (n = 12), respectively, and an estimated 1-year overall survival after f-R-ICE initiation of 57%. Comorbidities were evaluated using the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) upon f-R-ICE initiation. Patients with low CCI scores (68%) had a higher ORR than those with high CCI scores (36.4%) upon f-R-ICE initiation (P = 0.042). In contrast, no significant differences in overall survival (OS) were observed between the low and high CCI groups (1-year OS 56.6% vs. 52.2%; median OS 24 vs. 22.8 months) after initiating f-R-ICE. Our results suggest that f-R-ICE is a safe and effective salvage therapy for r/r DLBCL and can be used for older patients and/or those with high CCI scores in outpatient clinics.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Comorbidade , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Etoposídeo/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Ifosfamida/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Taxa de Sobrevida
4.
Lancet Oncol ; 21(9): 1224-1233, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32888454

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Topotecan is currently the only drug approved in Europe in a second-line setting for the treatment of small-cell lung cancer. This study investigated whether the doublet of carboplatin plus etoposide was superior to topotecan as a second-line treatment in patients with sensitive relapsed small-cell lung cancer. METHODS: In this open-label, randomised, phase 3 trial done in 38 hospitals in France, we enrolled patients with histologically or cytologically confirmed advanced stage IV or locally relapsed small-cell lung cancer, who responded to first-line platinum plus etoposide treatment, but who had disease relapse or progression at least 90 days after completion of first-line treatment. Eligible patients were aged 18 years or older and had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 0-2. Enrolled patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive combination carboplatin plus etoposide (six cycles of intravenous carboplatin [area under the curve 5 mg/mL per min] on day 1 plus intravenous etoposide [100 mg/m2 from day 1 to day 3]) or oral topotecan (2·3 mg/m2 from day 1 to day 5, for six cycles). Randomisation was done using the minimisation method with biased-coin balancing for ECOG performance status, response to the first-line chemotherapy, and treatment centre. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival, which was centrally reviewed and analysed in the intention-to-treat population. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02738346. FINDINGS: Between July 18, 2013, and July 2, 2018, we enrolled and randomly assigned 164 patients (82 in each study group). One patient from each group withdrew consent, therefore 162 patients (81 in each group) were included in the intention-to-treat population. With a median follow-up of 22·7 months (IQR 20·0-37·3), median progression-free survival was significantly longer in the combination chemotherapy group than in the topotecan group (4·7 months, 90% CI 3·9-5·5 vs 2·7 months, 2·3-3·2; stratified hazard ratio 0·57, 90% CI 0·41-0·73; p=0·0041). The most frequent grade 3-4 adverse events were neutropenia (18 [22%] of 81 patients in the topotecan group vs 11 [14%] of 81 patients in the combination chemotherapy group), thrombocytopenia (29 [36%] vs 25 [31%]), anaemia (17 [21%] vs 20 [25%]), febrile neutropenia (nine [11%] vs five [6%]), and asthenia (eight [10%] vs seven [9%]). Two treatment-related deaths occurred in the topotecan group (both were febrile neutropenia with sepsis) and no treatment-related deaths occurred in the combination group. INTERPRETATION: Our results suggest that carboplatin plus etoposide rechallenge can be considered as a reasonable second-line chemotherapy option for patients with sensitive relapsed small-cell lung cancer. FUNDING: Amgen and the French Lung Cancer Group (Groupe Français de Pneumo-Cancérologie).


Assuntos
Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Etoposídeo/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/tratamento farmacológico , Topotecan/administração & dosagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Carboplatina/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/classificação , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/patologia , Etoposídeo/efeitos adversos , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/epidemiologia , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/patologia , Topotecan/efeitos adversos
5.
N Engl J Med ; 383(14): 1328-1339, 2020 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32997907

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The efficacy and safety of the anti-programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) monoclonal antibody atezolizumab, as compared with those of platinum-based chemotherapy, as first-line treatment for patients with metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with PD-L1 expression are not known. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, open-label, phase 3 trial involving patients with metastatic nonsquamous or squamous NSCLC who had not previously received chemotherapy and who had PD-L1 expression on at least 1% of tumor cells or at least 1% of tumor-infiltrating immune cells as assessed by the SP142 immunohistochemical assay. Patients were assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive atezolizumab or chemotherapy. Overall survival (primary end point) was tested hierarchically according to PD-L1 expression status among patients in the intention-to-treat population whose tumors were wild-type with respect to EGFR mutations or ALK translocations. Within the population with EGFR and ALK wild-type tumors, overall survival and progression-free survival were also prospectively assessed in subgroups defined according to findings on two PD-L1 assays as well as by blood-based tumor mutational burden. RESULTS: Overall, 572 patients were enrolled. In the subgroup of patients with EGFR and ALK wild-type tumors who had the highest expression of PD-L1 (205 patients), the median overall survival was longer by 7.1 months in the atezolizumab group than in the chemotherapy group (20.2 months vs. 13.1 months; hazard ratio for death, 0.59; P = 0.01). Among all the patients who could be evaluated for safety, adverse events occurred in 90.2% of the patients in the atezolizumab group and in 94.7% of those in the chemotherapy group; grade 3 or 4 adverse events occurred in 30.1% and 52.5% of the patients in the respective groups. Overall and progression-free survival favored atezolizumab in the subgroups with a high blood-based tumor mutational burden. CONCLUSIONS: Atezolizumab treatment resulted in significantly longer overall survival than platinum-based chemotherapy among patients with NSCLC with high PD-L1 expression, regardless of histologic type. (Funded by F. Hoffmann-La Roche/Genentech; IMpower110 ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02409342.).


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Análise de Sobrevida
6.
N Engl J Med ; 383(13): 1218-1230, 2020 09 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32945632

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Platinum-based chemotherapy is standard-of-care first-line treatment for advanced urothelial carcinoma. However, progression-free survival and overall survival are limited by chemotherapy resistance. METHODS: In a phase 3 trial, we randomly assigned patients with unresectable locally advanced or metastatic urothelial cancer who did not have disease progression with first-line chemotherapy (four to six cycles of gemcitabine plus cisplatin or carboplatin) to receive best supportive care with or without maintenance avelumab. The primary end point was overall survival, assessed among all patients who underwent randomization (overall population) and among those with tumors positive for programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1). Secondary end points included progression-free survival and safety. RESULTS: Among all 700 patients who underwent randomization, the addition of maintenance avelumab to best supportive care significantly prolonged overall survival as compared with best supportive care alone (control). Overall survival at 1 year was 71.3% in the avelumab group and 58.4% in the control group (median overall survival, 21.4 months vs. 14.3 months; hazard ratio for death, 0.69; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.56 to 0.86; P = 0.001). Avelumab also significantly prolonged overall survival in the PD-L1-positive population; overall survival at 1 year was 79.1% in the avelumab group and 60.4% in the control group (hazard ratio, 0.56; 95% CI, 0.40 to 0.79; P<0.001). The median progression-free survival was 3.7 months in the avelumab group and 2.0 months in the control group in the overall population (hazard ratio for disease progression or death, 0.62; 95% CI, 0.52 to 0.75) and 5.7 months and 2.1 months, respectively, in the PD-L1-positive population (hazard ratio, 0.56; 95% CI, 0.43 to 0.73). The incidence of adverse events from any cause was 98.0% in the avelumab group and 77.7% in the control group; the incidence of adverse events of grade 3 or higher was 47.4% and 25.2%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Maintenance avelumab plus best supportive care significantly prolonged overall survival, as compared with best supportive care alone, among patients with urothelial cancer who had disease that had not progressed with first-line chemotherapy. (Funded by Pfizer and Merck [Darmstadt, Germany]; JAVELIN Bladder 100 ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02603432.).


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Antígeno B7-H1/antagonistas & inibidores , Neoplasias Urológicas/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos , Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Feminino , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Manutenção , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Análise de Sobrevida , Neoplasias Urológicas/mortalidade , Urotélio
8.
Lancet Oncol ; 21(7): 969-977, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32615110

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The ICON8 study reported no significant improvement in progression-free survival (a primary endpoint) with weekly chemotherapy compared with standard 3-weekly treatment among patients with epithelial ovarian cancer. All ICON8 patients were eligible to take part in the accompanying health-related quality-of-life study, which measured the effect of treatment on self-reported wellbeing, reported here. METHODS: In this open-label, randomised, controlled, phase 3, three-arm, Gynecologic Cancer Intergroup (GCIG) trial done at 117 hospital sites in the UK, Australia, New Zealand, Mexico, South Korea, and Republic of Ireland, women (aged at least 18 years) with newly diagnosed, histologically confirmed International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage IC-IV ovarian cancer and an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0-2 were randomly assigned (1:1:1) centrally using minimisation to group 1 (intravenous carboplatin area under the curve [AUC]5 or AUC6 and 175 mg/m2 intravenous paclitaxel every 3 weeks), group 2 (carboplatin AUC5 or AUC6 every 3 weeks and 80 mg/m2 paclitaxel weekly), or group 3 (carboplatin AUC2 weekly and 80 mg/m2 paclitaxel weekly). Randomisation was stratified by GCIG group, disease stage, and outcome and timing of surgery. Patients and clinicians were not masked to treatment assignment. Patients underwent immediate or delayed primary surgery according to clinicians' choice. Patients were asked to complete European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer QLQ-C30 and QLQ-OV28 questionnaires at enrolment, before each chemotherapy cycle, then 6-weekly up to 9 months, 3-monthly up to 2 years, and 6-monthly up to 5 years. Quality of life was a prespecified secondary outcome of the ICON8 study. Within the quality-of-life study, the co-primary endpoints were QLQ-C30 global health score at 9 months (cross-sectional analysis) and mean QLQ-C30 global health score from randomisation to 9 months (longitudinal analysis). Data analyses were done on an intention-to-treat basis. The trial is registered on ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01654146 and ISRCTN Registry, ISRCTN10356387, and is currently in long-term follow up. FINDINGS: Between June 6, 2011, and Nov 28, 2014, 1566 patients were recruited into ICON8 (522 were included in group 1, 523 in group 2, and 521 in group 3). Baseline quality-of-life questionnaires were completed by 1438 (92%) of 1566 patients and 9-month questionnaires by 882 (69%) of 1280 patients. We observed no significant difference in global health score at 9 months (cross-sectional analysis) between study groups (group 2 vs group 1, difference in mean score 2·3, 95% CI -0·4 to 4·9, p=0·095; group 3 vs group 1, -0·8, -3·8 to 2·2, p=0·61). Using longitudinal analysis, we found lower global health scores for those receiving weekly paclitaxel than for those receiving 3-weekly chemotherapy (group 2 vs group 1, mean difference -1·8, 95% CI -3·6 to -0·1, p=0·043; group 3 vs group 1, -2·9, -4·7 to -1·1, p=0·0018). INTERPRETATION: We found no evidence of a difference in global quality of life between treatment groups at 9 months; however, patients receiving weekly treatment reported lower mean quality of life across the 9-month period after randomisation. Taken together with the lack of progression-free survival benefit, these findings do not support routine use of weekly paclitaxel-containing regimens in the management of newly diagnosed ovarian cancer. FUNDING: Cancer Research UK, Medical Research Council, Health Research Board Ireland, Irish Cancer Society, and Cancer Australia.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/patologia , Estudos Transversais , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
9.
Anticancer Res ; 40(8): 4245-4251, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32727751

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Organic cation transporter 6 (OCT6) encoded by solute carrier family 22 member 16 (SLC22A16) is involved in regulating cellular sensitivity and resistance to platinum derivatives. SLC22A16 has functional genetic variants but the association between these variants and the effectiveness of antitumor drugs remains unexplored. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study retrospectively analyzed data from 160 patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer treated with platinum-based combination chemotherapy for first-line chemotherapy between October 2010 and May 2018. We investigated the association between the genetic variant of SLC22A16 and clinical outcomes. RESULTS: Patients with the rs714368 GG genotype had a shorter progression-free survival than those with AA or AG. Gene polymorphism was not associated with adverse effects. The predictive effect of rs714368 was confirmed in multivariate analysis using a Cox proportional hazards model. CONCLUSION: A genetic variant of SLC22A16 is a potential predictive biomarker for response to platinum-based chemotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Proteínas de Transporte de Cátions Orgânicos/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Bevacizumab/administração & dosagem , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Pemetrexede/administração & dosagem , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Tokai J Exp Clin Med ; 45(2): 69-74, 2020 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32602104

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cancer of unknown primari (CUP) are said to account for 2% of all carcinomas. Here we report a rare case of CUP confined to the retroperitoneum. CASE PRESENTATION: A 51-year-old man consulted a nearby physician for back pain. The malignant tumor could not be denied by MRI, and she was referred to our hospital. CT and MRI revealed uneven enhanced tumor structures protruding into the L2/3 disc. Part of the tumor was continuous with the left iliopsoas muscle. A CT-guided needle biopsy was performed. Histologically, the sheet-like proliferation of atypical cells was observed. Immunohistochemistry showed that atypical cells were positive for cytokeratin AE1&3, CK7, CD10, GATA3, glypican 3, Hep Par 1, carbonic anhydrase 9 (focal), and vimentin (focal) but negative for CK20, CD56, chromogranin A, synaptophysin, TTF1, HMB45, melan A, and PSA. The pathological diagnosis was poorly differentiated carcinoma. However, it was difficult to determine the primary site from the pathological findings. Positron emission tomography (PET) scan showed no distant metastases. He was diagnosed as poorly differentiated cancer localized to the lumbar spine from the retroperitoneum. Paclitaxel plus carboplatin (TC) was started. After completing 3 kr of TC, she was hospitalized urgently due to worsening lumbago. CT and MRI at admission showed an increase in the main lesion and exacerbation of bone invasion. Radiation therapy was given for curative purposes. Eventually, he died seven months after visiting our hospital and five months after starting TC therapy. CONCLUSIONS: CUP has various disease states, and it is necessary to finish the examination immediately and shift to treatment. More effective treatment including immune checkpoint inhibitor for CUP is needed in the future.


Assuntos
Carcinoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Primárias Desconhecidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/diagnóstico por imagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma/patologia , Evolução Fatal , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Primárias Desconhecidas/tratamento farmacológico , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/patologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
11.
Bull Cancer ; 107(7-8): 792-799, 2020.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32591138

RESUMO

Anal canal cancer is a rare disease that accounts for 2.5% of digestive cancers. Squamous cell carcinomas are the most common histological form. Their incidence is in progression, probably due to the increase in Human Papilloma Virus infections. Metastatic forms account for 20% of anal canal cancers considering synchronous forms or metastatic recurrence of an initially localised disease. Their prognosis remains poor with an estimated 5-year survival rate of 30%. The first-line therapeutic standard based on the combination of cisplatin with 5-Fluorouracil has recently been challenged by carboplatin - paclitaxel and docetaxel, cisplatin and 5-Fluorouracil regimens which are becoming new treatment options. In second-line setting, there is no international consensus. Anti-EGFRs and immunotherapy in combination or not with other molecules are promising but these results need to be confirmed. In this review, we report current and future data in the management of squamous cell carcinomas of the anal canal in unresectable locoregional recurrence or at metastatic stage.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias do Ânus/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Ânus/mortalidade , Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/mortalidade , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Docetaxel/administração & dosagem , Receptores ErbB/antagonistas & inibidores , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Imunoterapia/métodos , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida
13.
Oncology ; 98(10): 699-705, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32526764

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Carcinosarcoma is a rare cancer, and its prognosis is poor. There are few reports on the prognostic factors of patients with carcinosarcoma who receive second-line chemotherapy. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the outcome and prognostic factors of patients who received second-line chemotherapy for gynecologic carcinosarcoma. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated patients with ovarian or uterine carcinosarcoma, who were treated at two institutions from July 2006 to March 2018. All patients who had received second-line chemotherapy for advanced or recurrent disease were eligible. The efficacy of second-line chemotherapy and prognostic factors were evaluated. RESULTS: Forty-six patients were eligible. Combination chemotherapy was used in approximately half (52.2%) of the patients. The response rate and disease control rate of second-line chemotherapy were 32.6 and 60.9%, respectively. The median follow-up period was 11.0 (range, 8.8-107.5) months. The median progression-free survival and overall survival were 6.3 (95% CI, 3.2-7.5) months and 12.9 (95% CI, 7.8-16.0) months, respectively. In the multivariate analysis of overall survival, a treatment-free interval >180 days was a significant good prognostic factor. The median overall survival was 7.8 (95% CI, 5.1-10.5) months in the <180 days group and 16.4 (95% CI, 13.1-130.6) months in the >180 days group (p = 0.0052; hazard ratio, 0.26; 95% CI, 0.10-0.66), respectively. CONCLUSION: The outcome of gynecologic carcinosarcoma in the second-line setting is poor, especially in patients with a short treatment-free interval.


Assuntos
Carcinossarcoma/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Uterinas/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Carboplatina/uso terapêutico , Carcinossarcoma/patologia , Docetaxel/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Ifosfamida/administração & dosagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sulfonamidas/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias Uterinas/patologia
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(23): e20667, 2020 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32502055

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Pulmonary sarcomatoid carcinoma (PSC) is an uncommon type of non-small cell lung cancer, exhibiting aggressive behavior and resistance to the conventional chemoradiotherapy. To date, the optimal treatment for PSC has not been elucidated. PATIENT CONCERNS: Three male patients including a 69-year-old smoker (Case 1), a 45-year-old non-smoker (Case 2), and a 69-year-old smoker (Case 3) were admitted because of cough, back pain, and loss of body weight respectively. DIAGNOSES: Radiographical examinations in these patients showed bulky intrathoracic lesions, which were pathologically diagnosed as PSC staging III-IV by computed tomography-guided percutaneous biopsy and endoscopy. INTERVENTIONS: Immunotherapy was not covered by their health insurance and they refused immune checkpoint inhibitors for financial reasons. In addition, a radical resection was not appropriate due to the advanced staging of these lesions. Therefore, first-line albumin-bound paclitaxel (nab-paclitaxel, 260 mg/m of the body surface area) and carboplatin (area under curve 5) combined with oral apatinib (425 mg, daily) were administered empirically. OUTCOMES: Two patients achieved a partial response and the other case showed stable disease lasting for more than 6 months. However, 1 of them indicated progression on the 7-month follow up. LESSONS: Nab-paclitaxel/carboplatin plus apatinib showed limited short-term efficacy in advanced, unresectable PSC. The rapid resistance of PSC to the current therapeutic regimen necessitates further researches, as more effective agents are urgently needed.


Assuntos
Albuminas/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Piridinas/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Biópsia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , não Fumantes , Fumantes , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
15.
Cancer Radiother ; 24(4): 279-287, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32439358

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The present study evaluated the outcomes of concurrent weekly docetaxel and platinum-based drug doublet in association with concurrent thoracic radiotherapy (TR) in the curative treatment of stage III locally advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with stage IIIA/B NSCLC were retrospectively included. Patients received weekly docetaxel and either cisplatin or carboplatin intravenous injections during concurrent TR (60 to 66Gy). Patients who received induction chemotherapy with the same drug doublet were also included. The endpoints were: disease control rate (DCR), overall recurrence rate, survival rates [disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS)] and toxicity. RESULTS: Eighty-nine consecutive patients treated with this association were included. Median follow-up time was 57.8 months. DCR was 76.5% at the first follow-up CT scan (6 to 12 weeks after the end of concurrent treatment). Median DFS and OS was 14.3 and 29.9 months respectively. Three-year survival was 43%. The overall recurrence rate was 65.9%. During overall treatment, grade 3 to 4 adverse events occurred in 29.2% of patients, the most common being esophagitis (12.4% of patients). Only 13.5% of patients presented with a grade 3 or higher adverse event after the end of concurrent treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Weekly docetaxel and platinum-based drug doublet combined with TR yielded promising results in stage III NSCLC, with high survival rates. The toxicity of this association is acceptable, with mainly manageable esophagitis. These findings warrant validation in a prospective study before considering this association for standard of care.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/terapia , Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Quimiorradioterapia/efeitos adversos , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Docetaxel/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Indução/métodos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Lancet Oncol ; 21(6): 786-795, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32386568

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Approximately 25% of all patients with non-small-cell lung cancer present with resectable stage IB-IIIA disease, and although perioperative chemotherapy is the standard of care, this treatment strategy provides only modest survival benefits. On the basis of the activity of immune checkpoint inhibitors in metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer, we designed a trial to test the activity of the PD-L1 inhibitor, atezolizumab, with carboplatin and nab-paclitaxel given as neoadjuvant treatment before surgical resection. METHODS: This open-label, multicentre, single-arm, phase 2 trial was done at three hospitals in the USA. Eligible patients were aged 18 years or older and had resectable American Joint Committee on Cancer-defined stage IB-IIIA non-small-cell lung cancer, an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0-1, and a history of smoking exposure. Patients received neoadjuvant treatment with intravenous atezolizumab (1200 mg) on day 1, nab-paclitaxel (100 mg/m2) on days 1, 8, and 15, and carboplatin (area under the curve 5; 5 mg/mL per min) on day 1, of each 21-day cycle. Patients without disease progression after two cycles proceeded to receive two further cycles, which were then followed by surgical resection. The primary endpoint was major pathological response, defined as the presence of 10% or less residual viable tumour at the time of surgery. All analyses were intention to treat. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02716038, and is ongoing but no longer recruiting participants. FINDINGS: Between May 26, 2016, and March 1, 2019, we assessed 39 patients for eligibility, of whom 30 patients were enrolled. 23 (77%) of these patients had stage IIIA disease. 29 (97%) patients were taken into the operating theatre, and 26 (87%) underwent successful R0 resection. At the data cutoff (Aug 7, 2019), the median follow-up period was 12·9 months (IQR 6·2-22·9). 17 (57%; 95% CI 37-75) of 30 patients had a major pathological response. The most common treatment-related grade 3-4 adverse events were neutropenia (15 [50%] of 30 patients), increased alanine aminotransferase concentrations (two [7%] patients), increased aspartate aminotransferase concentration (two [7%] patients), and thrombocytopenia (two [7%] patients). Serious treatment-related adverse events included one (3%) patient with grade 3 febrile neutropenia, one (3%) patient with grade 4 hyperglycaemia, and one (3%) patient with grade 2 bronchopulmonary haemorrhage. There were no treatment-related deaths. INTERPRETATION: Atezolizumab plus carboplatin and nab-paclitaxel could be a potential neoadjuvant regimen for resectable non-small-cell lung cancer, with a high proportion of patients achieving a major pathological response, and manageable treatment-related toxic effects, which did not compromise surgical resection. FUNDING: Genentech and Celgene.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/terapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Pneumonectomia , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Idoso , Albuminas/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Boston , Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/imunologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/imunologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante/efeitos adversos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Cidade de Nova Iorque , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Pneumonectomia/efeitos adversos , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/imunologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Lancet ; 395(10236): 1547-1557, 2020 05 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32416780

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atezolizumab can induce sustained responses in metastatic urothelial carcinoma. We report the results of IMvigor130, a phase 3 trial that compared atezolizumab with or without platinum-based chemotherapy versus placebo plus platinum-based chemotherapy in first-line metastatic urothelial carcinoma. METHODS: In this multicentre, phase 3, randomised trial, untreated patients aged 18 years or older with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma, from 221 sites in 35 countries, were randomly assigned to receive atezolizumab plus platinum-based chemotherapy (group A), atezolizumab monotherapy (group B), or placebo plus platinum-based chemotherapy (group C). Patients received 21-day cycles of gemcitabine (1000 mg/m2 body surface area, administered intravenously on days 1 and 8 of each cycle), plus either carboplatin (area under the curve of 4·5 mg/mL per min administered intravenously) or cisplatin (70 mg/m2 body surface area administered intravenously) on day 1 of each cycle with either atezolizumab (1200 mg administered intravenously on day 1 of each cycle) or placebo. Group B patients received 1200 mg atezolizumab, administered intravenously on day 1 of each 21-day cycle. The co-primary efficacy endpoints for the intention-to-treat population were investigator-assessed Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumours 1.1 progression-free survival and overall survival (group A vs group C) and overall survival (group B vs group C), which was to be formally tested only if overall survival was positive for group A versus group C. The trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02807636. FINDINGS: Between July 15, 2016, and July 20, 2018, we enrolled 1213 patients. 451 (37%) were randomly assigned to group A, 362 (30%) to group B, and 400 (33%) to group C. Median follow-up for survival was 11·8 months (IQR 6·1-17·2) for all patients. At the time of final progression-free survival analysis and interim overall survival analysis (May 31, 2019), median progression-free survival in the intention-to-treat population was 8·2 months (95% CI 6·5-8·3) in group A and 6·3 months (6·2-7·0) in group C (stratified hazard ratio [HR] 0·82, 95% CI 0·70-0·96; one-sided p=0·007). Median overall survival was 16·0 months (13·9-18·9) in group A and 13·4 months (12·0-15·2) in group C (0·83, 0·69-1·00; one-sided p=0·027). Median overall survival was 15·7 months (13·1-17·8) for group B and 13·1 months (11·7-15·1) for group C (1·02, 0·83-1·24). Adverse events that led to withdrawal of any agent occurred in 156 (34%) patients in group A, 22 (6%) patients in group B, and 132 (34%) patients in group C. 50 (11%) patients in group A, 21 (6%) patients in group B, and 27 (7%) patients in group C had adverse events that led to discontinuation of atezolizumab or placebo. INTERPRETATION: Addition of atezolizumab to platinum-based chemotherapy as first-line treatment prolonged progression-free survival in patients with metastatic urothelial carcinoma. The safety profile of the combination was consistent with that observed with the individual agents. These results support the use of atezolizumab plus platinum-based chemotherapy as a potential first-line treatment option for metastatic urothelial carcinoma. FUNDING: F Hoffmann-La Roche and Genentech.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/tratamento farmacológico , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Urológicas/tratamento farmacológico , Administração Intravenosa , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carboplatina/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/mortalidade , Cisplatino/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Neoplasias Urológicas/mortalidade
18.
Int J Clin Oncol ; 25(9): 1718-1725, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32447473

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Occurrence of hypersensitivity reaction (HSR) in patients having received multiple doses of carboplatin has been reported. Several studies demonstrated reduction of carboplatin-associated HSR with in combination with pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD). The objective of this study was to determine the suppressive effect on carboplatin-induced HSR via combined treatment with PLD within clinical practice. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of women with primary or recurrent ovarian, fallopian tube, or peritoneal cancer treated with carboplatin containing regimen at our hospital between January 2009 and March 2019. We compared the incidence of carboplatin-induced HSR among patients who received more than one cycle of PLD plus carboplatin (PLD-C) therapy (i.e., PLD-C group) versus patients who never received PLD-C therapy (non-PLD-C group). RESULTS: A total of 414 women were included in this study (48: PLD-C group, 366: non-PLD-C group). Carboplatin-induced HSR occurred in 34 total patients (8.2%) [1/48 (2.1%) in the PLD-C group and 33/366 (9.0%) in the non-PLD-C group], with a median cycle number of carboplatin administration at onset of HSR being 9. Incidences of carboplatin-induced HSR within the PLD-C versus non-PLD-C group at the 8th, 12th, and 16th cycles of carboplatin administration were 2.2% vs 11.2%, 2.2% vs 28.6%, and 2.2% vs 39.1%, respectively [hazard ratio: 19.2 (95% confidence interval: 9.82-39.4), p < 0.0001]. CONCLUSION: Based on the data analyzed here, a suppressive effect on carboplatin-induced HSR via combination therapy with PLD was confirmed within clinical practice.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carboplatina/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias das Tubas Uterinas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Peritoneais/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/análogos & derivados , Neoplasias das Tubas Uterinas/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Neoplasias Peritoneais/mortalidade , Polietilenoglicóis/administração & dosagem , Adulto Jovem
19.
Lancet Oncol ; 21(5): 699-709, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32305099

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: State-of-the art therapy for recurrent ovarian cancer suitable for platinum-based re-treatment includes bevacizumab-containing combinations (eg, bevacizumab combined with carboplatin-paclitaxel or carboplatin-gemcitabine) or the most active non-bevacizumab regimen: carboplatin-pegylated liposomal doxorubicin. The aim of this head-to-head trial was to compare a standard bevacizumab-containing regimen versus carboplatin-pegylated liposomal doxorubicin combined with bevacizumab. METHODS: This multicentre, open-label, randomised, phase 3 trial, was done in 159 academic centres in Germany, France, Australia, Austria, and the UK. Eligible patients (aged ≥18 years) had histologically confirmed epithelial ovarian, primary peritoneal, or fallopian tube carcinoma with first disease recurrence more than 6 months after first-line platinum-based chemotherapy, and an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0-2. Patients were stratified by platinum-free interval, residual tumour, previous antiangiogenic therapy, and study group language, and were centrally randomly assigned 1:1 using randomly permuted blocks of size two, four, or six to receive six intravenous cycles of bevacizumab (15 mg/kg, day 1) plus carboplatin (area under the concentration curve [AUC] 4, day 1) plus gemcitabine (1000 mg/m2, days 1 and 8) every 3 weeks or six cycles of bevacizumab (10 mg/kg, days 1 and 15) plus carboplatin (AUC 5, day 1) plus pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (30 mg/m2, day 1) every 4 weeks, both followed by maintenance bevacizumab (15 mg/kg every 3 weeks in both groups) until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. There was no masking in this open-label trial. The primary endpoint was investigator-assessed progression-free survival according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1. Efficacy data were analysed in the intention-to-treat population. Safety was analysed in all patients who received at least one dose of study drug. This completed study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01837251. FINDINGS: Between Aug 1, 2013, and July 31, 2015, 682 eligible patients were enrolled, of whom 345 were randomly assigned to receive carboplatin-pegylated liposomal doxorubicin-bevacizumab (experimental group) and 337 were randomly assigned to receive carboplatin-gemcitabine-bevacizumab (standard group). Median follow-up for progression-free survival at data cutoff (July 10, 2018) was 12·4 months (IQR 8·3-21·7) in the experimental group and 11·3 months (8·0-18·4) in the standard group. Median progression-free survival was 13·3 months (95% CI 11·7-14·2) in the experimental group versus 11·6 months (11·0-12·7) in the standard group (hazard ratio 0·81, 95% CI 0·68-0·96; p=0·012). The most common grade 3 or 4 adverse events were hypertension (88 [27%] of 332 patients in the experimental group vs 67 [20%] of 329 patients in the standard group) and neutropenia (40 [12%] vs 73 [22%]). Serious adverse events occurred in 33 (10%) of 332 patients in the experimental group and 28 (9%) of 329 in the standard group. Treatment-related deaths occurred in one patient in the experimental group (<1%; large intestine perforation) and two patients in the standard group (1%; one case each of osmotic demyelination syndrome and intracranial haemorrhage). INTERPRETATION: Carboplatin-pegylated liposomal doxorubicin-bevacizumab is a new standard treatment option for platinum-eligible recurrent ovarian cancer. FUNDING: F Hoffmann-La Roche.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Bevacizumab/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias das Tubas Uterinas/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Austrália/epidemiologia , Áustria/epidemiologia , Bevacizumab/efeitos adversos , Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Carboplatina/efeitos adversos , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/análogos & derivados , Neoplasias das Tubas Uterinas/patologia , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Paclitaxel/efeitos adversos , Platina/administração & dosagem , Platina/efeitos adversos , Polietilenoglicóis/administração & dosagem
20.
Cancer Sci ; 111(6): 1933-1942, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32277531

RESUMO

Combination antiprogrammed death 1/programmed death-ligand 1 Ab and platinum-based chemotherapy is standard first-line treatment for advanced non-small-cell lung cancer without targetable oncogene alterations. We describe the long-term safety and efficacy data from a previously reported phase Ib study of nivolumab and chemotherapy. Japanese patients with non-small-cell lung cancer were assigned to a treatment arm based on histology and treatment history. Nivolumab (10 mg/kg, i.v.) and chemotherapy (4 arms) were given every 3 weeks: arm A, 4 cycles of cisplatin and gemcitabine (first-line); arm B, 4 cycles of cisplatin and pemetrexed followed by pemetrexed maintenance therapy (first-line); arm C, 4-6 cycles of carboplatin, paclitaxel, and bevacizumab followed by bevacizumab (first-line); and arm D, docetaxel (second- or third-line). Study treatments were continued every 3 weeks as maintenance therapy until disease progression. Minimum follow-up period was 57.9 months. Median progression-free survival (median [range, plus sign indicates censored data]) was 6.3 (0.7+-47.8), 11.8 (1.4-65.1+), 40.7 (5.3-60.8+), and 3.2 (1.9-10.9) months, and 5-year progression-free survival was observed in 0/6, 1/6, 1/6, and 0/6 patients in arms A, B, C, and D, respectively. Median overall survival was 13.2 (11.0-55.4), 28.5 (14.6-66.2+), not reached (24.2-67.4+), and 12.5 (9.8-16.9) months; the number of patients surviving 5 years were 0/6, 1/6, 4/6, and 0/6 in arms A, B, C, and D, respectively. No unexpected severe adverse events or treatment-related deaths occurred. Nivolumab and platinum-based chemotherapy combinations showed long-term tolerability. A moderate proportion of patients in arm C showed 5-year progression-free and overall survival.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Nivolumabe/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Bevacizumab/administração & dosagem , Bevacizumab/efeitos adversos , Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Carboplatina/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Cisplatino/efeitos adversos , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/efeitos adversos , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Docetaxel/administração & dosagem , Docetaxel/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Paclitaxel/efeitos adversos , Pemetrexede/administração & dosagem , Pemetrexede/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Resultado do Tratamento
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