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1.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1131: 605-623, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31646527

RESUMO

Transient receptor potential (TRP) cation channel superfamily plays important roles in a variety of cellular processes such polymodal cellular sensing, adhesion, polarity, proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. The expression of TRP channels is strictly regulated and their de-regulation can stimulate cancer development and progression.In human cancers, specific miRNAs are expressed in different tissues, and changes in the regulation of gene expression mediated by specific miRNAs have been associated with carcinogenesis. Several miRNAs/TRP channel pairs have been reported to play an important role in tumor biology. Thus, the TRPM1 gene regulates melanocyte/melanoma behaviour via TRPM1 and microRNA-211 transcripts. Both miR-211 and TRPM1 proteins are regulated through microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MIFT) and the expression of miR-211 is decreased during melanoma progression. Melanocyte phenotype and melanoma behaviour strictly depend on dual TRPM1 activity, with loss of TRPM1 protein promoting melanoma aggressiveness and miR-211 expression supporting tumour suppressor. TRPM3 plays a major role in the development and progression of human clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) with von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) loss. TRPM3, a direct target of miR-204, is enhanced in ccRCC with inactivated or deleted VHL. Loss of VHL inhibits miR-204 expression that lead to increased oncogenic autophagy. Therefore, the understanding of specific TRP channels/miRNAs molecular pathways in distinct tumors could provide a clinical rationale for target therapy in cancer.


Assuntos
Carcinogênese , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , MicroRNAs , Neoplasias , Canais de Receptores Transientes de Potencial , Carcinogênese/genética , Carcinogênese/patologia , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Neoplasias/fisiopatologia , Canais de Receptores Transientes de Potencial/genética , Canais de Receptores Transientes de Potencial/metabolismo
2.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5573-5579, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570452

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare and aggressive neuroendocrine skin cancer, frequently infected with Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV). H3K27me3 acts as a repressive histone modification that epigenetically controls gene transcription. The aim of this study was to examine H3K27me3 expression in MCC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: H3K27me3 expression levels were immunohistochemically analyzed in 20 MCPyV-positive MCCs, 15 MCPyV-negative MCCs with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) (combined MCCs), and six MCPyV-negative pure MCCs. RESULTS: Reduced H3K27me3 expression was variously observed in MCCs. H3K27me3 H-score was significantly lower in MCPyV-negative MCCs than in MCPyV-positive MCCs (p=0.002). H3K27me3 expression was significantly lower in MCPyV-negative combined MCC component than in MCPyV-positive MCCs (p<0.001), MCPyV-negative pure MCCs (p=0.036), or pure MCC histology (p<0.001). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed no association of H3K27me3 with outcome. CONCLUSION: Differential reduction in H3K27me3 expression was observed based on MCPyV status and morphological type. These results implicate H3K27me3-mediated epigenetic changes in tumorigenesis of MCC, especially in MCPyV-negative MCC combined with SCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Célula de Merkel/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Histonas/genética , Neoplasias Cutâneas/genética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinogênese/genética , Carcinoma de Célula de Merkel/virologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/virologia , Epigênese Genética/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Poliomavírus das Células de Merkel/patogenicidade , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Polyomavirus/genética , Infecções por Polyomavirus/virologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/virologia , Infecções Tumorais por Vírus/genética , Infecções Tumorais por Vírus/virologia
3.
Exp Suppl ; 111: 21-27, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31588525

RESUMO

Increasing data about the human genome and associations between certain genetic regions with various conditions and diseases positioned human genetics at the top of the most emerging fields in medicine. Many diagnostics algorithms and therapeutical approaches used in everyday practice are based on genetic data. Molecular genetic diagnostics covered by this book uses genetic data obtained using germline DNA. In this book, the role of somatic mutation testing will be not covered; however, in many chapters, i.e., on hereditary tumor syndromes, the role of somatic mutations as the second hit for tumorigenesis will be mentioned. Genetic variants (genotypes) identified in germline DNA are responsible for transmission of diseases (phenotypes). This chapter will briefly summarize classical inheritance patterns. Most of the heritable human diseases are transmitted in an autosomal recessive way, but others, i.e., inherited tumor syndromes, follow the autosomal dominant pattern. Nomenclature used for pedigree analysis as well as the main features of inheritance patterns are also briefly reviewed.


Assuntos
Carcinogênese/genética , DNA , Padrões de Herança , Neoplasias/genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Linhagem
4.
Cancer Discov ; 9(10): 1346-1348, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31575564

RESUMO

Identification of cancer-associated mutations in core histone genes has proved challenging due to these genes' highly conserved nature and presence in large arrays. Recent analyses of cancer genomes, including one in this issue of Cancer Discovery, show that mutations in the histone fold can affect nucleosome stability, providing a novel mechanism by which oncohistones contribute to tumorigenesis.See related article by Bennett et al., p. 1438.


Assuntos
Histonas/genética , Nucleossomos , Carcinogênese/genética , Humanos , Mutação , Oncogenes
5.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5361-5367, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570430

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The mechanism responsible for B-cell translocation gene 1 (BTG1) down-regulation in breast carcinoma remains unknown. We examined the BTG1 expression status in breast carcinoma cells and investigated the mechanism underlying the observed alterations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four breast carcinoma cell lines (SK-BR-3, MDA-MB-231, T-47D, and MCF-7), and one normal mammary epithelial cell line (MCF-10A) were analyzed. BTG1 expression was examined using quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and western blot. Methylation status of the BTG1 promoter was analyzed using methylation-specific PCR (MSP). To investigate the effect of methylation on BTG1, the cells were treated with a demethylating agent. RESULTS: The carcinoma cells expressed significantly lower levels of BTG1 mRNA and protein than normal cells. The BTG1 promoter was highly methylated in the carcinoma cells. 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine significantly restored BTG1 expression. CONCLUSION: Down-regulation of BTG1 expression through epigenetic repression is involved in mammary carcinogenesis. BTG1 is a potential diagnostic marker and therapeutic target for breast carcinoma.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Metilação de DNA/genética , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Carcinogênese/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Epigênese Genética/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , RNA Mensageiro/genética
6.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5381-5391, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570433

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are noncoding transcripts that are >200 nucleotides in length. However, the biological functions and regulation mechanisms of lncRNAs in gastric carcinogenesis remain unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression levels of Linc00472 were analyzed by real-time PCR. The DNA methylation status was assessed using Combined Bisulfite Restriction Analysis (COBRA). The biological role of Linc00472 was assessed in AGS cells with Linc00472 overexpression. RESULTS: Using the next-generation sequencing approach, we identified DNA methylation-associated lncRNAs in gastric cancer cells. Among them, the expression level of Linc00472 significantly decreased in gastric cancer tissues compared to adjacent normal tissues. Furthermore, we observed a more frequent hypermethylation of CpG islands upstream of Linc00472 in gastric cancer tissues. Ectopic Linc00472 expression could significantly inhibit gastric cancer cell growth and migration. CONCLUSION: Epigenetically regulated Linc00472 expression plays a crucial role in modulating gastric cancer cell growth and motility.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Carcinogênese/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Ilhas de CpG/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos
7.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5789-5795, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570483

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Pulmonary pleomorphic carcinoma (PPC) is rare, and few studies have reported its features. We assessed the clinicopathological features, surgical outcomes, oncogenic status and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression of PPC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data from 22 consecutive patients who underwent resection of PPC between 2007 and 2017. RESULTS: The predominant tissue type of the epithelial component was adenocarcinoma in 15 patients (68%) and the others in 7 patients (32%), and the 3-year disease-free survival rate tended to be better in patients with an adenocarcinoma component compared to patients with another component (40.0% vs. 17.1%, p=0.059). PD-L1 expression was observed in all eight tumors whose PD-L1 status could be examined and high PD-L1 expression (≥50%) was frequent (5/8, 63%). CONCLUSION: A predominant adenocarcinoma epithelial component in PPC might be associated with better survival outcomes and high PD-L1 expression might be frequent in PPC.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1/genética , Carcinoma/genética , Carcinoma/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Oncogenes/genética , Adenocarcinoma/genética , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinogênese/genética , Carcinogênese/patologia , Carcinoma/mortalidade , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
9.
Life Sci ; 234: 116788, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31445935

RESUMO

Livin is an important member of the human inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAPs) family. IAPs are proteins with antiapoptotic abilities, and their functions are different from the Bcl-2 (B-cell lymphoma-2) family proteins. However, the precise role of Livin in colon cancer progression remains unclear. The purpose of this study is to assess the effect of overexpression Livin in colon cancer cells and to examine its molecular mechanism. We demonstrated that Livin induced a colon cancer phenotype, including proliferation and migration, by regulating H2A.XY39ph (histone family 2A variant (H2AX) phosphorylated on the 39th serine site). We elucidated that Livin degraded Jumonji-C domain-containing 6 protein (JMJD6), which was mediated by the proteasome murine double minute 2 (MDM2), thereby regulating H2A.XY39ph. Above all, the overexpression of JMJD6 recovered H2A.XY39ph in colon cancer cells with a high level of Livin, thus inhibiting colon cancer malignancy progression. These results reveal a previously unrecognized role for Livin in regulating the tumor-initiating capacity in colon cancer and provide a novel treatment strategy in cancer via the interruption of H2A.XY39ph function and the interaction between H2A.XY39ph and JMJD6.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Histonas/metabolismo , Proteínas Inibidoras de Apoptose/metabolismo , Histona Desmetilases com o Domínio Jumonji/metabolismo , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Carcinogênese/genética , Carcinogênese/metabolismo , Carcinogênese/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Neoplasias do Colo/genética , Neoplasias do Colo/metabolismo , Progressão da Doença , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Histonas/genética , Humanos , Proteínas Inibidoras de Apoptose/genética , Histona Desmetilases com o Domínio Jumonji/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Proteólise
10.
Life Sci ; 234: 116789, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31454494

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to uncover the underlying mechanisms of cervical cancer progression and provide potential therapeutic targets for its treatment in clinic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Real-Time qPCR was used to determine the expression levels of Linc00483, miR-508-3p and RGS17 mRNA in cervical cancer tissues and cell lines. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT)-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) assay was conducted to determine cell apoptosis. Western Blot was performed to detect protein expression levels. Wound healing and Transwell assay were employed to determine cell migration and invasion respectively. Online software (TargetScan, miRDB and miR TarBase) were used to predict the regulating mechanisms of Linc00483, miR-508-3p and RGS17, which were validated by dual-luciferase reporter gene system. In vivo tumor-bearing mice models were established to validate the cellular results. RESULTS: Linc00483 aberrantly overexpressed in both cervical cancer tissues and cell lines comparing to the Control groups. Knock-down of Linc00483 inhibited cervical cancer cell proliferation, invasion as well as migration, and promoted cell apoptosis. In addition, miR-508-3p was identified as the downstream target of Linc00483, and miR-508-3p inhibitor abrogated the inhibiting effects of downregulated Linc00483 on cervical cancer cell viability. Furthermore, the expression levels of Linc00483 was positively correlated with RGS17 in the clinical samples and overexpressed Linc00483 increased RGS17 expression levels in cervical cancer cells by sponging miR-508-3p. The in vivo experiments showed that knock-down of Linc00483 inhibited cervical cancer cell tumorigenesis and lung metastasis in mice models. CONCLUSIONS: Knock-down of Linc00483 inhibited the development of cervical cancer by regulating miR-508-3p/RGS17 axis.


Assuntos
Carcinogênese/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteínas RGS/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Adulto , Animais , Carcinogênese/patologia , Feminino , Células HeLa , Humanos , Camundongos Nus , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
11.
Bioengineered ; 10(1): 345-352, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31411110

RESUMO

This study aimed to detect serum miR-203 expression levels in AML and explore its potential clinical significance. Quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was performed to measure the serum miR-203 levels in 134 patients with AML and 70 healthy controls. The results demonstrated that serum miR-203 expression was significantly reduced in AML patients compared with healthy controls. Receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis revealed miR-203 could distinguish AML cases from normal controls. Low serum miR-203 levels were associated with worse clinical features, as well as poorer overall survival and relapse free survival of AML patients. Moreover, multivariate analysis confirmed low serum miR-203 expression to be an independent unfavorable prognostic predictor for AML. The bioinformatics analysis showed that the downstream genes and pathways of miR-203 was closely associated with tumorigenesis. Downregulation of miR-203 in AML cell lines upregulated the expression levels of oncogenic promoters such as CREB1, SRC and HDAC1. Thus, these findings demonstrated that serum miR-203 might be a promising biomarker for the diagnosis and prognosis of AML.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinogênese/genética , Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Antagomirs/genética , Antagomirs/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Carcinogênese/metabolismo , Carcinogênese/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Proteína de Ligação ao Elemento de Resposta ao AMP Cíclico/sangue , Proteína de Ligação ao Elemento de Resposta ao AMP Cíclico/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Ontologia Genética , Histona Desacetilase 1/sangue , Histona Desacetilase 1/genética , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/sangue , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , MicroRNAs/antagonistas & inibidores , MicroRNAs/sangue , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Análise Multivariada , Proteínas de Neoplasias/sangue , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Recidiva , Transdução de Sinais , Análise de Sobrevida , Quinases da Família src/sangue , Quinases da Família src/genética
12.
Anticancer Res ; 39(8): 4003-4010, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366481

RESUMO

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated gastric cancer (GC) (EBVaGC) is classified as one of four GC subtypes by comprehensive molecular characterization. Though the mechanism of tumorigenesis by EBV infection has not yet been fully clarified, EBV infection might contribute to the malignant transformation of GC cells by involving various cellular processes and signaling pathways. EBVaGC has shown the following distinct characteristics in contrast to other subtypes: extreme DNA hypermethylation, recurrent phosphatidylinositol 4,5-biphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha isoform (PIK3CA) mutations, overexpression of programmed cell death ligand 1/2 (PD-L1/2), and occasional immune cell signaling activation. Therefore, using these molecular features as guides, targeted agents need to be evaluated in clinical trials for EBVaGC. Accordingly, this review uses the best available evidence to focus on novel therapeutic approaches using the distinct pathologic characteristics of EBVaGC patients.


Assuntos
Carcinogênese/genética , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/terapia , Neoplasias Gástricas/terapia , Classe I de Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Metilação de DNA/genética , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/genética , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/virologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Herpesvirus Humano 4/genética , Herpesvirus Humano 4/patogenicidade , Humanos , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/virologia
13.
Anticancer Res ; 39(8): 4011-4017, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366482

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Genotoxicity is the capacity of an agent to induce damage to DNA. Given the close relationship between genotoxicity and carcinogenesis, several assays have been developed for detecting genetic damage. Among them, the single-cell gel (comet) assay plays an important role for evaluating DNA damage in mammalian cells, including those of the oral cavity. The purpose of this article was to provide a critical review of the application of single-cell gel comet assay to buccal cells. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A search of the scientific literature was conducted of published studies available on single-cell gel comet assay and oral cells. RESULTS: The results showed that the majority of studies were conducted on humans, whereas few were designed for use in rodents and in vitro. CONCLUSION: Further studies within the field are relevant for better understanding the underlying mechanisms of genotoxicity in oral cells, especially since the use of humans is quite complicated due to issues of ethics.


Assuntos
Carcinogênese/genética , Dano ao DNA/genética , Boca/efeitos dos fármacos , Análise de Célula Única/métodos , Ensaio Cometa/métodos , DNA/genética , Humanos , Boca/patologia , Mucosa Bucal/metabolismo , Mucosa Bucal/patologia , Mutagênicos
14.
Anticancer Res ; 39(8): 4065-4071, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366489

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgical orthotopic implantation of human colon cancer tissue to the ceca of mice has been used to mimic behavior of cancer in human patients for the development of precision cancer medicine. However, with the current method of serosal surface implantation (SSI) of pieces of human colon cancer tissue, cancer cells are exposed to the peritoneum, which can artificially increase the rate of peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) during the disease course. The objective of the present study was to introduce a tumor-sealing method (TSM) and compare it with SSI for the ability to produce clinically-relevant metastases without artificial PC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: HCT116 colon cancer cells transfected with green fluorescence protein (GFP) were cultured and then injected into the subcutaneous layer of athymic nude mice. Subcutaneous tumors were allowed to grow sufficiently to supply adequate tumor for orthotopic implantation. For SSI, a 1 mm3-sized tumor fragment was sutured to partially torn serosa of the cecum. For TSM, the blind end of the cecum was folded over the tumor fragment and sealed with sutures. At 20 days after implantation, all mice were opened to visualize PC by intravital fluorescence imaging. At necropsy, distant metastasis was investigated using frozen section of whole blocks of organs. RESULTS: At 20 days after implantation, PC rates in the SSI group and the TSM group were 80% (12/15) and 20% (3/15), respectively (p<0.001). The liver metastasis rate was 41.7% (5/12) in the SSI group and 50% (5/10) in the TSM group (p=0.696). The lung metastasis rate was 0% (0/12) in the SSI group and 10% (1/10) in the TSM group (p=0.201). The mean survival of mice without PC on the 20th day was significantly longer than that of mice with PC on the 20th day (69.1±14.7 vs. 44.5±12.4 days, p=0.001). CONCLUSION: These results suggest that TSM might be a more patient-like and useful method as a model of metastatic colon cancer than SSI.


Assuntos
Carcinogênese/genética , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Animais , Neoplasias do Colo/genética , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/química , Células HCT116 , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , Camundongos , Metástase Neoplásica , Transplante de Neoplasias/métodos , Imagem Óptica , Neoplasias Peritoneais/genética , Neoplasias Peritoneais/patologia , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
15.
Anticancer Res ; 39(8): 4143-4147, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366499

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Vitamin D analogs have a protective effect on carcinogenesis in humans. Since vitamin D receptor (VDR) is detected in many histotypes of cancer, this study evaluated the role of VDR expression in endometrioid carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Tumor samples were collected from 60 patients who had undergone surgery, and the pattern of VDR expression assessed in tissue microarray (TMA) blocks of tumor samples. When VDR expression in the cytoplasm was higher than that in the nucleus, this was noted as 'displacement'. Using statistical analysis, the relationship between VDR expression and clinicopathological factors was evaluated. RESULTS: Immunohistochemical staining of nuclear VDR was as follows: Negative: 32 (53.3%); mild: 13 (21.7%); moderate: 14 (23.3%); strong: 1 (1.7%). For cytoplasmic VDR expression: Negative: 2 (3.3%); mild: 19 (31.7%); moderate: 31 (51.7%); strong: 7 (11.7%). VDR displacement was found in 42 (70%) cores. VDR displacement was significantly positively correlated with endometrioid carcinoma having lower histological grade (1, p=0.03). CONCLUSION: Displacement of VDR was significantly correlated with lower histological grade. Clinicians might be able to predict prognosis and decide therapies related to vitamin D analogs using this remarkable biomarker for endometrial carcinoma.


Assuntos
Carcinogênese/genética , Carcinoma Endometrioide/genética , Prognóstico , Receptores de Calcitriol/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma Endometrioide/patologia , Citoplasma/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Análise Serial de Tecidos , Vitamina D/genética
16.
Anticancer Res ; 39(8): 4315-4324, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366523

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: This study aimed to obtain accurate differential diagnosis (DDx) of multicentric carcinogenesis (MC) and intrahepatic metastasis (IM) in recurrent lesions of hepatocellular carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 79 patients who underwent re-hepatectomy (2000-2013) were examined. PCR was used to analyze 13 chromosomal microsatellite loci by PCR. On the basis of this genetic analysis, the recurrent lesions were diagnosed as IM, MC or not determined (ND). Subsequently, DDx was compared with types of resection and outcome. RESULTS: The recurrent lesions were diagnosed as IM in 33 patients, MC in 44, and ND in 2. The anatomical resection group included 14 IM lesions (28%) and 36 MC lesions (72%), while the non-anatomical resection group included 19 IM lesions (70%) and 8 MC lesions (30%) (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Anatomical resection at initial hepatectomy may reduce the likelihood of IM recurrence, leading to a better outcome for patients with HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Metástase Neoplásica/diagnóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinogênese/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Hepatectomia/métodos , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Masculino , Repetições de Microssatélites/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica/genética , Metástase Neoplásica/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia
17.
Anticancer Res ; 39(8): 4385-4391, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366534

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: To identify the reason for age and gender differences in cancer risk. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Age-standardized incidence rates for 17 cancer types were compared between genders in 50 populations. For each cancer type, the female/male rate ratio was listed in fixed order of population. Correlation coefficients were calculated between these lists in all pairwise combinations. For each population, the female/male rate ratio was listed in fixed order of cancer. Correlation coefficients were calculated between lists in all pairwise combinations. RESULTS: Only four pairwise combinations for cancer type gave a correlation coefficient greater than 0.700. For each population, the lowest correlation coefficient was 0.950. CONCLUSION: The reason for the differences in risk of cancer varies with each type of cancer, but remains fixed in all populations. It is suspected that species-specific genes control stem cell telomere dynamics in a fixed strategy at rates that vary among tissues and between genders.


Assuntos
Fatores Etários , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Fatores Sexuais , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinogênese/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/classificação , Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias/patologia , Fatores de Risco
18.
Mol Biol (Mosk) ; 53(4): 613-626, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31397435

RESUMO

Carotid paragangliomas (CPGLs) are rare neuroendocrine tumors of the head and neck. "Germline" and somatic mutations in a number of genes were shown to be associated with the development of CPGLs; however, molecular mechanisms of the tumor pathogenesis have not been fully understood. In the work, we have used whole exome sequencing data of 52 CPGLs obtained earlier. Using MutSigCV, the search for genes with high mutation rate was performed. Thirty four genes (MADCAM1, SARM1, ZFPM1, CTDSP2, DSPP, POTED, ANP32B, FRG2B, BAGE3, CCDC89, ACOT2, KRTAP10-1, ATXN1, GXYLT1, MUC2, AQP7, TMPRSS13, KRTAP4-3, PRR21, PSPH, PLBD1, ZNF595, IGSF3, PRR16, FAM157A, KCNJ12, HYDIN, IGFBP2, KIAA1671, DISC1, MUC6, XKR3, HRNR, and MUC4) potentially associated with the CPGL initiation and progression were revealed. The involvement of these genes in the pathogenesis of CPGLs was first shown, and possible mechanisms of their participation in that were discussed.


Assuntos
Carcinogênese/genética , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Paraganglioma/genética , Progressão da Doença , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Humanos , Paraganglioma/patologia , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
19.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 52(8): e8341, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365693

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs), as post-transcriptional regulators, have been reported to be involved in the initiation and progression of various types of cancer, including gastric cancer (GC). The present study aimed to investigate the role of miR-383-5p in gastric carcinogenesis. Cell viability was analyzed using CCK-8 kit. Annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate/propidium iodide double staining was used to evaluate cell apoptosis. The expression levels of miR-383-5p and histone deacetylase 9 (HDAC9) mRNA in GC tissues and cell lines were analyzed using RT-qPCR. The protein expression of HDAC9 was detected by western blotting. We found that HDAC9 was up-regulated and miR-383-5p was down-regulated in GC tissues and cell lines. High HDAC9 expression or low miR-383-5p expression was closely related to poor prognosis and metastasis in GC patients. HDAC9 knockout or miR-383-5p mimics led to growth inhibition and increased apoptosis in AGS and SGC-7901 cells. More importantly, we validated that miR-383-5p as a post-transcriptional regulator inhibited HDAC9 expression and was inversely correlated with HDAC9 expression in GC tissues. miR-383-5p had the opposite effects to HDAC9 in gastric carcinogenesis. miR-383-5p played an important role in gastric carcinogenesis, and it is one of the important mechanisms to regulate oncogenic HDAC9 in GC, which might be helpful in the development of novel therapeutic strategies for the treatment of GC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma/patologia , Histona Desacetilases/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Apoptose , Carcinogênese/genética , Carcinoma/genética , Carcinoma/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células/genética , Progressão da Doença , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo
20.
DNA Cell Biol ; 38(10): 1112-1124, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464520

RESUMO

In this study, we mined out hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) driver genes from MEDLINE literatures by bioinformatics methods of pathway crosstalk and protein interaction network. Furthermore, the relationship between driver genes and their clinicopathological characteristics, as well as classification effectiveness was verified in the public databases. We identified 560 human genes reported to be associated with HCC in 1074 published articles. Functional analysis revealed that biological processes and biochemical pathways relating to tumor pathogenesis, cancer disease, tumor cell molecule, and hepatic disease were enriched in these genes. Pathway crosstalk analysis indicated that significant pathways could be divided into three modules: cancer disease, virus infection, and tumor signaling pathway. The HCC-related protein-protein interaction network comprised 10,212 nodes, and 56,400 edges were mined out to identify 18 modules corresponding to 14 driver genes. We verified that these 14 driver genes have high classification effectiveness to distinguish cancer samples from normal samples and the classification effectiveness was better than that of randomly selected genes. Present study provided pathway crosstalk and protein interaction network for understanding potential tumorigenesis genes underlying HCC. The 14 driver genes identified from this study are of great translational value in HCC diagnosis and treatment, as well as in clinical study on the pathogenesis of HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Idoso , Carcinogênese/genética , Carcinogênese/metabolismo , Carcinogênese/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Mapeamento de Interação de Proteínas , Curva ROC , Transdução de Sinais
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