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1.
Hautarzt ; 72(6): 484-492, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33884436

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Outdoor workers are occupationally exposed to significantly higher ultraviolet (UV) doses than the rest of the population. Recent data show a doubling of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) risk in outdoor workers with high occupational UV exposure. OBJECTIVES: To examine the stability and robustness of BCC risk estimators. METHODS: Sensitivity analyses to test model assumptions considering socioeconomic status, influence of matching procedure, gender and latency, regional differences (east/west), urban/rural cases/controls, and dual diagnoses (squamous cell carcinoma [SCC]/actinic keratoses grade III [AKIII]/Bowen disease [BD] and BCC) were performed. RESULTS: BCC risk was consistently higher for high occupationally UV-exposed individuals than for intermediate UV-exposed individuals, regardless of matching procedure, latency, regional differences (east/west), urban/rural recruitment of cases/controls, and dual diagnoses (SCC/AKIII/BD and BCC), sex, and socioeconomic status. CONCLUSION: The risk estimator for the association between exposure to solar UV radiation at work and the risk of developing BCC showed a high degree of stability and robustness for all variables investigated. The analyses support the recently published findings on the doubling of BCC risk in outdoor workers with high occupational UV exposure.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Basocelular , Ceratose Actínica , Doenças Profissionais , Exposição Ocupacional , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Carcinoma Basocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Basocelular/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Basocelular/etiologia , Humanos , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/etiologia , Raios Ultravioleta/efeitos adversos
2.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 50(4): 376-381, 2021 Apr 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33831998

RESUMO

Objective: To study the utility of immunohistochemistry (IHC) in differential diagnosis between trichoblastoma (TB) and basal cell carcinoma (BCC). Methods: Fifty-eight cases of TB and 40 cases of BCC were collected at Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center from January 2009 to December 2019 and retrospectively analyzed by IHC for bcl-2, Ber-EP4, CD10, CK20 and Ki-67. Fisher exact test was performed for statistical analysis. Results: Twenty-five (43.1%) TBs and 5 (12.5%) BCCs showed bcl-2 staining in the outermost layer of the epithelial nests, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.01). The proportion of cases with bcl-2 staining>75% of epithelial cells in BCC group was much higher than that in TB group (40% vs. 12.1%; P<0.01). BCC group showed larger proportions with Ber-EP4 staining>75%, 51%-75% of epithelial cells than TB group (12.5% vs. 1.7%, 37.5% vs. 8.6%;P<0.05). Fifty-five (94.8%) TBs demonstrated CD10 expression in the follicular stroma, while only 16 (40.0%) BCCs showed focal or scattered CD10 expression in reactive fibrous stroma (P<0.01). CK20 expression was present in 37 (63.8%) TBs with scattered pattern, but BCCs exhibited no CK20 staining except for only one case (2.5%) showing focal staining (P<0.01). Compared with TB group, the BCC group included more cases with Ki-67 labeling index ≥15% on average and ≥25% in hotspot areas (P<0.05). Conclusion: IHC is helpful in differential diagnosis between TB and BCC. Scattered CK20 staining pattern and stromal CD10 expression support the diagnosis of TB. Bcl-2 staining limited to the outermost layer of the proliferation is more likely to be found in TB. In contrast, Ber-EP4 positivity and higher Ki-67 labeling index tend to be present in BCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Basocelular , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Carcinoma Basocelular/diagnóstico , China , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Antígeno Ki-67 , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico , Coloração e Rotulagem
3.
Dermatol Surg ; 47(2): 194-199, 2021 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33565773

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Treatment of nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) by Mohs surgery has traditionally relied on previous pathologic evaluation of paraffin-embedded tissue. Tissue processing by frozen sections allows for expedited diagnosis and treatment; however, data on its accuracy are limited. OBJECTIVE: To measure the accuracy and outcomes of biopsy via frozen sections for clinical NMSC. METHODS: Biopsies of clinical NMSCs processed via frozen sections with in-office diagnosis rendered by one Mohs surgeon were retrospectively reviewed by one board-certified dermatopathologist. Discordant diagnoses were re-read in blinded fashion by both physicians. If still discordant, final diagnosis was determined by consensus discussion. Inter-rater reliability was calculated using Cohen's kappa statistic. RESULTS: Two hundred ninety-seven lesions from 208 patients were included. Correlation between in-office and final diagnosis was 0.876 indicating "almost perfect" concordance. Sensitivity and specificity of in-office diagnosis for detecting malignancy were 98.1% and 94.4%. Seven cases (2.0%) had a clinically relevant change in final diagnosis, but appropriate treatment had been rendered. Two benign lesions (0.7%) initially diagnosed as malignant underwent excision. CONCLUSION: In-office biopsy via frozen sections is highly accurate in confirming NMSC. This practice may speed diagnosis and treatment thus improving outcomes and patient satisfaction.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Basocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Ceratose Actínica/diagnóstico , Cirurgia de Mohs/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico , Idoso , Biópsia/estatística & dados numéricos , Carcinoma Basocelular/patologia , Carcinoma Basocelular/cirurgia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Feminino , Secções Congeladas/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Ceratose Actínica/patologia , Ceratose Actínica/cirurgia , Masculino , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pele/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/cirurgia
8.
Cir. plást. ibero-latinoam ; 46(4): 449-454, oct.-dic. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-198729

RESUMO

La utilidad del colgajo condrocutáneo del hélix para cubrir defectos menores de 2 cm es ampliamente aceptada. Con esta publicación queremos mostrar el resultado de esta técnica para el manejo de un defecto extenso que incluía el tercio medio del hélix y antihelix. Realizamos la técnica de Antia-Buch con doble colgajo condrocutáneo para reconstruir, en un solo tiempo quirúrgico, un defecto de 40 mm en el tercio medio del pabellón auricular de una paciente de avanzada edad, que había rechazado opciones reconstructivas que requirieran varios tiempos de cirugía, obteniendo un resultado funcional y cosmético adecuado


Usefulness of chondrocutaneous helix flap for defects smaller than 2 cm is widely accepted. This paper attempts to show the outcome of this technique for the management of a large helix and antihelix defect. We performed the Antia-Buch technique, with two chondrocutaneous flaps, to reconstruct in a single surgical stage a 40 mm defect in the middle third of the auricle of an elderly patient who refused more than one surgical time, achieving an appropriate functional and cosmetical outcome


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pavilhão Auricular/anormalidades , Pavilhão Auricular/cirurgia , Retalhos Cirúrgicos/cirurgia , Carcinoma Basocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Basocelular/cirurgia , Técnicas de Sutura/métodos , Patologia/métodos , Cartilagem da Orelha/cirurgia , Cartilagem da Orelha/transplante
10.
Hautarzt ; 71(8): 580-587, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32533202

RESUMO

Basal cell carcinoma is the most common type of cancer in Central Europe and has a high medical relevance. Due to its high tendency of recurrence, an important parameter in the planning of therapy is the risk of recurrence. After clinical and histological diagnosis, the majority of tumors are treated surgically, although radiation and topical procedures are also possible therapeutic alternatives in certain constellations. Hedgehog inhibitors, a completely new class of substances, have recently been approved for rare metastatic and locally advanced diseases, thus significantly expanding the range of treatments. This article provides an overview of the current guideline-based diagnosis and therapy of basal cell carcinomas in Germany.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Basocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Basocelular/terapia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Dermatológicos/métodos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/terapia , Carcinoma Basocelular/patologia , Europa (Continente) , Alemanha , Proteínas Hedgehog , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia
11.
Clín. investig. ginecol. obstet. (Ed. impr.) ; 47(2): 58-60, abr.-jun. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-191315

RESUMO

Las úlceras genitales constituyen un motivo frecuente de consulta en urgencias, especialmente en ginecología. Sin embargo, debido a la baja frecuencia de algunas de ellas, junto con el amplio diagnóstico diferencial que puede plantear cada caso, hacen que el diagnóstico de dichas lesiones, en ocasiones, sea difícil o erróneo. Presentamos el caso de una paciente menopáusica que consultó por una úlcera genital, cuyo diagnóstico fue de carcinoma basocelular. El conocimiento de esta entidad y sus hallazgos clínicos característicos, junto con una correcta anamnesis, permitirán realizar un apropiado diagnóstico de sospecha, facilitando el manejo de estas pacientes y evitando exploraciones innecesarias


Genital ulcers are a common reason for consultation in the emergency department, especially in Gynaecology. However, due to the low frequency of some of them, together with the wide differential diagnosis that can arise in each case, the diagnosis of these lesions can sometimes be difficult or erroneous. We present the case of a menopausal patient that consulted due to a genital ulcer, and was diagnosed with of basal cell carcinoma. The knowledge of this entity and its characteristic clinical findings, together with a correct anamnesis, will lead to an appropriate diagnostic suspicion, facilitating the management of these patients, and avoiding unnecessary examinations


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Vulva/lesões , Úlcera/diagnóstico , Doenças da Vulva/etiologia , Carcinoma Basocelular/diagnóstico , Vulva/patologia , Prurido Vulvar/complicações , Úlcera/etiologia , Úlcera/patologia , Doenças da Vulva/patologia , Doenças da Vulva/terapia , Diagnóstico Diferencial
12.
Nat Med ; 26(6): 900-908, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32424212

RESUMO

Skin conditions affect 1.9 billion people. Because of a shortage of dermatologists, most cases are seen instead by general practitioners with lower diagnostic accuracy. We present a deep learning system (DLS) to provide a differential diagnosis of skin conditions using 16,114 de-identified cases (photographs and clinical data) from a teledermatology practice serving 17 sites. The DLS distinguishes between 26 common skin conditions, representing 80% of cases seen in primary care, while also providing a secondary prediction covering 419 skin conditions. On 963 validation cases, where a rotating panel of three board-certified dermatologists defined the reference standard, the DLS was non-inferior to six other dermatologists and superior to six primary care physicians (PCPs) and six nurse practitioners (NPs) (top-1 accuracy: 0.66 DLS, 0.63 dermatologists, 0.44 PCPs and 0.40 NPs). These results highlight the potential of the DLS to assist general practitioners in diagnosing skin conditions.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Dermatopatias/diagnóstico , Acne Vulgar/diagnóstico , Adulto , Afro-Americanos , Americanos Asiáticos , Carcinoma Basocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Dermatite Seborreica/diagnóstico , Dermatologistas , Eczema/diagnóstico , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu , Feminino , Foliculite/diagnóstico , Hispano-Americanos , Humanos , Índios Norte-Americanos , Ceratose Seborreica/diagnóstico , Masculino , Melanoma/diagnóstico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Profissionais de Enfermagem , Grupo com Ancestrais Oceânicos , Fotografação , Médicos de Atenção Primária , Psoríase/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico , Telemedicina , Verrugas/diagnóstico
13.
Surg Clin North Am ; 100(3): 629-634, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32402305

RESUMO

Anal cancer is a rare cancer, comprising less than 5% of gastrointestinal tract malignancies. Diagnosis of anal canal cancer can be difficult given that presenting symptoms are similar to those of benign anorectal diseases. General surgeons who encounter suspected anal canal cancer need to have a good understanding of the anatomy of the anal canal, high index of suspicion for malignancy, and low threshold to biopsy lesions when indicated. This article discusses the most commonly encountered anal canal tumors, the evaluation of these tumors, and their management. The foundation for successful therapy includes timely diagnosis, accurate staging, and routine surveillance.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Ânus/cirurgia , Carcinoma Basocelular/cirurgia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Melanoma/cirurgia , Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Canal Anal/patologia , Canal Anal/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Ânus/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Ânus/patologia , Carcinoma Basocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Basocelular/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Quimiorradioterapia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Seguimentos , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Metástase Linfática/terapia , Melanoma/diagnóstico , Melanoma/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Proctoscopia , Prognóstico
14.
Actas dermo-sifiliogr. (Ed. impr.) ; 111(4): 291-299, mayo 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-196438

RESUMO

ANTECEDENTES Y OBJETIVO: El carcinoma basocelular supone el cáncer de piel más frecuente en la población. Hay una gran variabilidad en su manejo y las diferentes guías extranjeras que existen son difícilmente aplicables en nuestro medio. El objetivo de la presente guía es servir de referencia a los dermatólogos españoles para mejorar el manejo de este tumor basándose en la evidencia actual. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: Se escogió a miembros del Grupo Español de Dermato-Oncología y Cirugía (GEDOC) con experiencia en el tratamiento de estos tumores y con interés en participar en la elaboración de la guía. Se hizo una adaptación de las guías de práctica clínica existentes mediante el método ADAPTE, se resumió el proceso de atención, y se elaboraron las preguntas clínicas relevantes. Se seleccionaron las guías mejor puntuadas mediante el instrumento AGREE II, realizando la búsqueda de las respuestas en dichas guías y elaborando posteriormente las recomendaciones. Finalmente se sometió la guía a revisión externa. RESULTADOS: Las guías con mejor puntuación fueron las de la British Association of Dermatologits (BAD), del National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN), del European Dermatology Forum (EDF) y de la European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (EADV). Se obtuvieron en total 11 preguntas clínicas, contestadas a partir de estas guías. CONCLUSIONES: Esta guía responde a preguntas habituales sobre el manejo del carcinoma basocelular en la práctica clínica diaria y sirve a los dermatólogos como referencia en la toma de decisiones, siempre teniendo en cuenta los recursos y las preferencias del paciente


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common skin cancer in the general population. BCC is managed in a variety of ways, and available international guidelines are difficult to put into practice in Spain. This guideline aims to improve the management of BCC based on current evidence and provide a point of reference for Spanish dermatologists. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Members of the Spanish Oncologic Dermatology and Surgery Group (GEDOC) with experience treating BCC were invited to participate in drafting this guideline. The drafters used the ADAPTE collaboration process to develop the new guideline based on existing ones, first summarizing the care pathway and posing relevant clinical questions. They then searched for guidelines, assessed them with the AGREEII (Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation) tool, and searched the selected guidelines for answers to the clinical questions. Finally, the recommendations were drafted and submitted for external review. RESULTS: The highest-scoring guidelines were from the Association of Dermatologists, the National Comprehensive Cancer Network, the European Dermatology Forum, and the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology. A total of 11 clinical questions were answered. CONCLUSIONS: This new guideline answers the working group's clinical questions about the routine management of BCC in Spain. It provides dermatologists with a tool they can use for decision-making while taking into consideration the resources available and patient preferences


Assuntos
Humanos , Carcinoma Basocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Basocelular/terapia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/terapia , Medicina Baseada em Evidências
20.
Korean J Radiol ; 21(3): 325-331, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32090525

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in differentiating between cutaneous basal cell carcinoma (cBCC) and cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) in the head and neck region. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Among patients with cutaneous head and neck cancers, 14 with primary cBCCs and 15 with primary cSCCs with a histologic tumor height of ≥ 4 mm underwent MR examinations; the findings were then examined for correlations. RESULTS: cBCCs (71%) occurred more frequently on the nose than cSCCs (13%) (p < 0.01). The maximum diameter (23.5 ± 7.2 mm vs. 12.7 ± 4.5 mm; p < 0.01) and diameter-to-height ratio (2.8 ± 0.9 vs. 1.7 ± 0.4; p < 0.01) were significantly greater in cSCCs than in cBCCs. Superficial ulcer formation (67% vs. 21%; p < 0.05), protrusion into the subcutaneous tissue (60% vs. 21%; p < 0.05), ill-demarcated deep tumor margins (60% vs. 7%; p < 0.01), and peritumoral fat stranding (93% vs. 7%; p < 0.01) were more frequently observed in cSCCs than in cBCCs. Intratumoral T2-hyperintense foci (57% vs. 13%; p < 0.05) were more frequently observed in cBCCs than in cSCCs. CONCLUSION: cBCCs predominantly occurred on the nose with intratumoral T2-hyperintense foci, whereas cSCCs predominantly exhibited a flattened configuration, superficial ulcer formation, protrusion into the subcutaneous tissue, ill-demarcated deep tumor margin, and peritumoral fat stranding.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Basocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/diagnóstico , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Basocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico por imagem , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico por imagem
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