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1.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 6325-6332, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704863

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: We aimed to assess surgical outcome and long-term survival after elective hepatic resection for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM) in patients aged 80 years or older. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included 100 patients aged 70 years or older, who underwent hepatic resection for HCC or CRLM between January 2000 and December 2012. Outcomes and clinicopathological data were compared between the elderly (aged 70-79 years; n=84) and extremely elderly groups (aged 80 years or older; n=16). RESULTS: Incidence of postoperative complications, in-hospital mortality, and postoperative OS in the extremely elderly group were comparable with those of the elderly group. In patients with HCC, the extremely elderly group was associated with shorter DFS (p=0.030) in univariate analysis, while multivariate analysis showed significant and independent factors of cancer recurrence. CONCLUSION: Hepatic resection for HCC and CRLM in patients aged 80 years and older may be safe and acceptable with appropriate selection. For HCC in patients aged 80 years and older, hepatic resection may be effective when negative surgical margins can be achieved.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Hepatectomia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Análise de Variância , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Comorbidade , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Hepatectomia/mortalidade , Hepatectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Masculino , Margens de Excisão , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (10): 21-28, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626235

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze clinical course and the results of salvage liver transplantation in patients with recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after liver resection. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A 54-year-old man with HCV-infection and HCC and 22-year-old woman with fibrolamellar variant of HCC underwent resection of the right and left liver lobe, respectively. The first patient experienced recurrent HCC four times with an interval of 3-6 months within 2 years after surgery. Repeated liver resection was made in first three cases, right liver lobe transplantation - after the fourth recurrence. In the second patient, HCC recurred in 4 months after resection and was accompanied by subtotal portal vein thrombosis. Therefore, repeated liver resection was excluded and patient underwent right liver lobe transplantation. RESULTS: Patients are alive in 5 and 3.5 years after liver resection and in 2.5 and 3 years after transplantation, respectively. There are currently no signs of recurrent HCC in the graft.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Transplante de Fígado , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Feminino , Hepatectomia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reoperação , Terapia de Salvação , Adulto Jovem
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e17102, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567946

RESUMO

Combined hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma (CHCC) is a rare type of primary liver cancer (PLC). The aim of this study was to investigate the disease characteristics in CHCC patients and compare them with those in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) or intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC).The perioperative and follow-up data of CHCC patients (n = 15), HCC patients (n = 577), and ICC patients (n = 61) were retrospectively analyzed, and the clinicopathological characteristics were compared among these 3 groups.In the CHCC group, the serum level of AFP was significantly higher than that of the ICC group (P = .002), and the CA19-9 level was higher than that of the HCC group (P = .011). The positive rates of CK7 and CK19 expression were higher in CHCC group than in HCC group (both P < .001), while the positive rates of Glypican-3 and Hepatocyte expression were higher in CHCC group than in ICC group (both P < .001). Meanwhile, the CHCC patients were likely to have undergone more MJH/LT than the HCC patients (P = .037) and the ICC patients (P = .011). Macrovascular invasion and lymph node metastasis in the CHCC group were significantly higher but satellite lesions were similar, compared to the HCC group. Both the 1-year disease-free survival (DFS) and the 1-year overall survival (OS) for the CHCC patients were worse than those for the HCC patients. AFP ≥ 400 ng/ml, tumor size ≥5 cm, tumor number ≥2, macro- and microvascular invasion, distant metastasis and positive margin were risk factors for both DFS and OS for the PLC patients. Multivariate analysis also confirmed that ICC and lymph node metastasis were risk factors for DFS and MJH/LT was risk factor for OS.CHCC patients appear to have intermediate clinical characteristics in comparison with the HCC and ICC patients, and the 1-year DFS and OS for the CHCC patients was worse than the HCC patients, but similar to the ICC patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/mortalidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Colangiocarcinoma/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/mortalidade , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , China , Colangiocarcinoma/patologia , Colangiocarcinoma/cirurgia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/cirurgia
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e17182, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567959

RESUMO

The complete resection offers the best long-term survival for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma patients. ALPPS as a choice of resection, how is its outcome compared to one-stage resection, liver transplantation and TACE? This retrospective study included 20 ALPPS patients. To minimize the effect of confounding influences of measured covariates, PSM was performed. The overall survival (OS), morbidity, mortality and the increasing rate, KGR were analyzed. The OS in ALPPS group is 27.4 (±3.8 months) moths and the TACE group is 13.5(±1.2 months) (P < .001), LT group is 41.3 (±3.2 months) (P = .048), Resection group is 31.8 (±2.6 months) (P = .368). And the medium increasing volume is 209.5 cm (±61.5 cm) with the increasing ratio 52.4% (+26.9%). The ALPPS is a feasible treatment for HCC patients and it provides a better long-term survival than TACE and it is similar to Resection, less than LT.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Hepatectomia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Feminino , Hepatectomia/métodos , Hepatectomia/mortalidade , Humanos , Ligadura , Fígado/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Veia Porta/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e17230, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567986

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Liver transplantation is an increasingly common treatment for patients with liver cirrhosis or hepatocellular carcinoma. Liver transplantation in patients with heart disease can pose a significant challenge to the transplant teams. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 46-year-old woman was diagnosed with hepatitis B virus-related hepatocellular carcinoma 3 years ago and had received 3 times transarterial chemoembolization. DIAGNOSES: The patient was diagnosed as end-stage liver disease due to hepatocellular carcinoma and was scheduled to undergo living-donor liver transplantation. The preoperative echocardiogram revealed mass in the right atrium and the inferior vena cava. INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent mass removal under cardiopulmonary bypass followed by liver transplantation. OUTCOMES: A month later, she was discharged without any complications. LESSONS: There have only been a few reported cases of anesthetic liver transplantation after a cardiopulmonary bypass. The successful experience described in this case report suggests that some patients may be eligible to undergo a liver transplantation after a cardiopulmonary bypass.


Assuntos
Ponte Cardiopulmonar , Transplante de Fígado , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Transplante de Fígado/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
6.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5639-5643, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570461

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is known as an important risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, surgical outcomes in patients with DM and HCC have not been evaluated in detail. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively studied 177 patients with type 2 DM who underwent curative hepatectomy for HCC. Surgical outcomes after curative hepatectomy and prognostic factors were evaluated among 75 patients with DM and/or nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)-related HCC and 102 patients with DM and viral or alcoholic hepatitis (VAH)-related HCC. RESULTS: The 5-year survival rate and 5-year recurrence-free survival rate were significantly higher in the DM and/or NASH-related HCC group (87% and 51%) than in the DM and VAH-related HCC group (68%: p=0.0001 and 26%: p=0.0002). Multivariate analysis showed DM and/or NASH-related HCC to be significant independent prognostic factors for overall survival and recurrence-free survival. CONCLUSION: Patients with DM and/or NASH-related HCC showed more favorable surgical outcomes after hepatectomy in patients with DM and HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/mortalidade , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/patologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/cirurgia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Hepatectomia/métodos , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5695-5701, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570469

RESUMO

Large tumor size and arterioportal shunt are poor prognostic factors for hepatocellular carcinoma. Lenvatinib is a novel and potent multi-tyrosine kinase inhibitor developed in Japan. A 66-year-old woman with hepatocellular carcinoma and untreated hepatitis C was referred to our hospital. She was judged as unresectable and was treated with four sessions of transarterial chemoembolization; however, the therapeutic effect was unsatisfactory because of major arterioportal shunt. Lenvatinib was sequentially administered for 4 months. Thereafter, we observed tumor shrinkage, complete disappearance of arterioportal shunt, and obvious improvement in liver function. A curative conversion hepatectomy was successfully accomplished. The extremely high levels of tumor markers almost normalized; the pretreatment levels were 1,008,021 ng/ml for alpha-fetoprotein. At 1 year after the primary treatment, the patient has not experienced recurrence. To our knowledge, this is the first case of a patient with initially unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma with arterioportal shunt who underwent conversion hepatectomy after multidisciplinary treatment, including lenvatinib.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Hepatectomia/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Compostos de Fenilureia/uso terapêutico , Quinolinas/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Quimioembolização Terapêutica/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , alfa-Fetoproteínas/metabolismo
8.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5755-5760, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570478

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: After primary resection of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the impact of patient's characteristics at the initial hepatectomy, on long-term remnant liver function has not been reported. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with the deterioration of remnant liver function among patients who developed recurrent HCC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 51 patients with intrahepatic recurrence after initial hepatic resection for HCC were included. We retrospectively investigated the relation between patient characteristics and the degree of deterioration of remnant liver function upon recurrence. RESULTS: In univariate analysis, significant predictors of deterioration of remnant liver function consisted of preoperative gastro-esophageal varices (p=0.0101), preoperative transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (p=0.0230) and hepatectomy beyond Makuuchi's criteria (p=0.0101). In multivariate analysis, the only significant independent predictor of deterioration of remnant liver function was hepatectomy beyond Makuuchi's criteria (p=0.0498). CONCLUSION: Hepatectomy beyond Makuuchi's criteria at the initial hepatectomy may predict deterioration of remnant liver function upon recurrence of HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Hepatectomia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Fígado/patologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Quimioembolização Terapêutica/efeitos adversos , Quimioembolização Terapêutica/métodos , Feminino , Hepatectomia/métodos , Humanos , Fígado/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(40): e17393, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577747

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Bacteremia caused by polymicrobial infections are rare but dangerous. We report a case of hepatic abscess combined with polymicrobial bacteremia in a 49-year-old male patient after surgery and transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE). PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient was admitted to hospital with metastatic liver cancer for periodic chemotherapy and developed a high fever and tenderness to the liver following surgery and TACE. DIAGNOSIS: Hepatic abscess combined with polymicrobial bacteremia. INTERVENTIONS: The clinician formulated a therapy in accordance with the drug susceptibility test and the empirical drug use for anaerobic bacteria. A comprehensive treatment plan was adopted, on the basis of the combination of nitrazole and imipenem as anti-infection drugs as well as continuous abscess drainage. OUTCOMES: After comprehensive therapy, the patient was ultimately discharged without any residual symptoms. LESSONS: Bloodstream infection caused by multiple bacteria increases the difficulty of anti-infection treatments, leading to poor treatment outcome and high mortality. Therefore, a fast and accurate diagnosis of polymicrobial bacteremia is key for initiation of an effective antimicrobial treatment. Additionally, pre-operative prophylactic antibiotics are advisable when patients have a history of abdominal surgery and are immune-compromised.


Assuntos
Bacteriemia/etiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Quimioembolização Terapêutica/efeitos adversos , Abscesso Hepático/etiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Bacteriemia/tratamento farmacológico , Bacteriemia/microbiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Coinfecção , Drenagem , Humanos , Abscesso Hepático/tratamento farmacológico , Abscesso Hepático/microbiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica
10.
Vnitr Lek ; 65(9): 588-594, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31635470

RESUMO

To achieve satisfactory results of liver transplantation, proper selection of transplant candidates is essential. Moreover, indication process is crucial regulator to solve disparity between need for transplantation and capacity of transplant services. Any patient entering the transplant waiting list must have a chance to achieve at least average transplant benefit, currently described as 50% chance to survive 5 years after liver replacement. Until now, liver transplantation is procedure designed to treat life threatening liver disorders with aim to offer long-term survival. Nevertheless, an increase in incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease caused changes in indication spectrum. Improvement in intensive care turned interest to patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure even caused by acute alcoholic hepatitis. Advances in surgery and oncology broadened indications of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma behind standard criteria, and reopened interest in field of cholangiocellular cancer and even liver metastases of colorectal cancer. These criteria are still under development, and full of controversies and broad local variation in clinical practice is present. Entity of futile transplantation is discussed recently with aim to define generally acceptable criteria to deny transplant treatment in too risky patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Transplante de Fígado , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Listas de Espera
11.
J Surg Oncol ; 120(7): 1126-1136, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31578753

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) score was shown to correlate with liver function and tumor recurrence after hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic value of ALBI grade in liver transplantation (LT) patients with HCC. METHODS: Pre-LT available independent predictors of recurrence-free survival (RFS) and microvascular tumor invasion (MVI) were determined in 123 patients with HCC. RESULTS: Posttransplant HCC recurrence rates were 10.5%, 15.9%, and 68.2% in ALBI grade 1, 2, and 3, respectively (P < .001). Along with serum α-fetoprotein (AFP) and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels, ALBI grades 1 or 2 was identified as an independent predictor of RFS (hazard ratio, 3.52; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.577-7.842; P = .002). Furthermore, ALBI grade 3 proved to be the strongest indicator of MVI (odds ratio, 11.59; 95% CI, 3.412-39.381; P < .001). A novel oncological risk score-based on AFP, CRP, and ALBI grade provided the best discriminative capacity (c-statistic 0.806) in selecting liver recipients with low oncological risk profile. CONCLUSION: Preoperative ALBI grade seems to be valuable for refinement of oncological risk stratification at LT for HCC.


Assuntos
Bilirrubina/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Transplante de Fígado/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Medição de Risco/métodos , Albumina Sérica/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/metabolismo , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
12.
Am Surg ; 85(8): 900-903, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31560310

RESUMO

The United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) implemented a policy that requires patients with hepatocellular carcinoma seeking liver transplantation to wait six months before being granted Model for End-Stage Liver Disease exception points. We investigated the difference in resource utilization between patients who underwent liver transplantation before and after the present policy. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of adult liver transplants from 2013 to 2018. Patients were classified into prepolicy or postpolicy groups based on 964 days before or after the wait-time policy. We also retrieved national survival outcome data from United Network for Organ Sharing. Differences across compared groups for continuous variables were assessed using the independent sample t test, and the chi-squared test was used for binary variables. We found statistical differences in recipient age (P = 0.005), days on wait-list (P = 0.001), sustained virological response (P < 0.001), and hepatocellular carcinoma recurrence one year posttransplant (P = 0.04). There were statistically significant differences in the number of treatment days pretransplant and length of transplant admission stay, indicating an increase in resource utilization in the postpolicy group. No statistically significant differences were found between groups in one-year graft or patient survival despite an observed increase in resource utilization by the hepatocellular carcinoma postpolicy group.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Transplante de Fígado , Listas de Espera , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos
13.
J Surg Oncol ; 120(7): 1112-1118, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31486087

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The clinical importance of hypovascular liver lesions in cirrhotic patients awaiting liver transplantation (LT) has not been fully investigated. The objective of this study was to characterize the clinicopathologic features and management of these tumors and to assess their impact on post-LT outcomes. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of cirrhotic patients with lesions suspicious for hypovascular hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who underwent LT at a single institution from 2011- 2017. RESULTS: We identified 22 pre-LT patients with radiologic diagnosis of a lesion(s) suspicious for hypovascular HCC. There were 28 hypovascular lesions within the 22 patient cohort; 9 lesions (32%) converted to hypervascular HCC before LT and 19 lesions remained hypovascular at LT. 88% of hypovascular lesions were HCC on explant pathology. Compared to patients with hyper-vascular HCC lesions, hypovascular HCC lesions underwent less preoperative tumor ablation (58% vs 89%; P < .01). Hypovascular HCC were more likely to be well-differentiated (67% vs 11%; P < .01), but there were no differences in the microvascular invasion, tumor recurrence, or survival post-LT. CONCLUSIONS: Hypovascular HCC has similar clinical outcomes and needs for transplantation as hypervascular HCC. The high prevalence of HCC within suspicious hypovascular lesions supports a similar monitoring and locoregional therapy strategy as for hypervascular HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Cirrose Hepática/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Transplante de Fígado/mortalidade , Neovascularização Patológica , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/irrigação sanguínea , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/complicações , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/irrigação sanguínea , Neoplasias Hepáticas/complicações , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Seleção de Pacientes , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
14.
J Surg Oncol ; 120(7): 1119-1125, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31549392

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hong Kong Liver Cancer staging (HKLCS) system lacks external validation. AIMS AND METHODS: We conducted a study to validate the prognostic and clinical utility of HKLCS system in the patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) of heterogeneous etiologies treated with hepatic resection with curative intent at Tata Memorial Centre, Mumbai, India. RESULTS: A total of 144 patients underwent resection for HCC. Our patient cohort was comparable to the original developmental cohort in median age and gender distribution but differed in etiology, liver function status, and tumor venous invasion. On Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis for overall and disease-free survival, we could achieve statistically significant separation of curves in both Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer staging (BCLCS) and HKLCS staging systems (P < .000). Interstage discrimination between early and intermediate stages for survival was higher in HKLCS system (P value of .039 vs .091). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for the survival of BCLCS and HKLCS systems for the entire patient population was 0.66 and 0.60, respectively, which was not statistically significant (P = .31). CONCLUSION: The HKLCS system offered higher interstage discrimination power in the patients with HCC treated with resection and may be equally applicable to nonalcoholic steatosis-related chronic liver disease and noncirrhotic patient population.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Hepatectomia/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Índia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
15.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 57(8): 578-584, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422626

RESUMO

Objective: To study the application value of augmented-reality (AR) surgical navigation technology combined with indocyanine green (ICG) molecular fluorescence imaging in three-dimensional (3D) laparoscopic hepatectomy. Methods: The clinical data of forty-eight patients who had undergone 3D laparoscopic hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma at First Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University from January 2018 to April 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.The patients were divided into two groups: the group of 3D laparoscopic hepatectomy navigated by augment reality technology combined with ICG molecular fluorescence imaging (Group A) , and group of conventional 3D laparoscopic hepatectomy (Group B) . Patients in Group A (n=23) underwent 3D laparoscopic hepatectomy using augmented-reality technology combined with ICG molecular fluorescence imaging. In this group, the self-developed three-dimensional laparoscopic augmented-reality surgical navigation system (No. 2018SR840555) was operated to project the preoperative three-dimensional model to the surgical field, and the use of this system in combination with ICG molecular fluorescence imaging navigated laparoscopic hepatectomy. No surgical navigation technology was applied in Group B (n=25) . All patients signed the informed consent, which were in accordance with the requirements of medical ethics (Ethics No.: 2018-GDYK-003) . The preoperative data, surgical indicators and postoperative complications between the two groups were compared and analyzed. Results: The median amount of intraoperative blood loss of Group A was 250 (200) ml (M (Q(R)) ) , which was significantly lower than that of Group B (300 (150) ml) (Z=-2.307, P=0.021) .The transfusion rate of Group A was 13.0% (3/23) , which was significantly lower than that of Group B (40.0%, 10/25) (χ(2)=4.408, P=0.036) .The median postoperative hospitalization time of Group A was 8 (2) d, which was significantly shorter than that of Group B (11 (6.5) d) (Z=-2.694, P=0.007) . There were no serious complications and perioperative death in both groups.The incidence of postoperative complications in Group A was 17.4% (4/23) , which was not significantly different from that in group B (28%, 7/25) (χ(2)=0.763, P=0.382) . Conclusion: Augmented-reality surgical navigation technology combined with ICG molecular fluorescence imaging has better effect in 3D laparoscopic hepatectomy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Hepatectomia/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Corantes Fluorescentes , Humanos , Imagem Tridimensional , Verde de Indocianina , Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Técnicas Estereotáxicas , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(32): e16736, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31393384

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Laparoscopic right donor hepatectomy has been reported sporadically in several experienced centers for selected donors. This report introduced a case of a donor with an independent right posterior segmental portal branching from the main portal vein. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 47-year-old woman volunteered to donate her right liver to her 48-year-old husband. DIAGNOSES: The recipient has been diagnosed as hepatocellular carcinoma meeting the Milan criteria and hepatitis B virus related cirrhosis. INTERVENTIONS: The parenchymal transection was performed by ultrasonic aspirator and Hem-o-Lok clips. The right hepatic artery, right hepatic duct, and the anterior and posterior branches of right portal vein were meticulously dissected, clamped, and transected. The right hepatic vein was transected by vascular stapler. A Y-graft of the recipient's own portal confluence was reconstructed with the donor's separate right anterior and posterior portal veins. OUTCOMES: The donor's operation time was 420 minutes and the warm ischemia time was about 9 minutes. Blood loss was less than 600 ml without transfusion. The donor was discharged at the 10th postoperative day without any complications. LESSONS: Laparoscopic right hepatectomy for donors with anomalous portal vein branching and subsequent inflow reconstruction for adult living donor liver transplantation is safe and feasible in highly experienced center.


Assuntos
Hepatectomia/métodos , Transplante de Fígado/métodos , Doadores Vivos , Veia Porta/anatomia & histologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Feminino , Hepatite B/complicações , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Isquemia Quente
18.
Anticancer Res ; 39(8): 4315-4324, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366523

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: This study aimed to obtain accurate differential diagnosis (DDx) of multicentric carcinogenesis (MC) and intrahepatic metastasis (IM) in recurrent lesions of hepatocellular carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 79 patients who underwent re-hepatectomy (2000-2013) were examined. PCR was used to analyze 13 chromosomal microsatellite loci by PCR. On the basis of this genetic analysis, the recurrent lesions were diagnosed as IM, MC or not determined (ND). Subsequently, DDx was compared with types of resection and outcome. RESULTS: The recurrent lesions were diagnosed as IM in 33 patients, MC in 44, and ND in 2. The anatomical resection group included 14 IM lesions (28%) and 36 MC lesions (72%), while the non-anatomical resection group included 19 IM lesions (70%) and 8 MC lesions (30%) (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Anatomical resection at initial hepatectomy may reduce the likelihood of IM recurrence, leading to a better outcome for patients with HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Metástase Neoplásica/diagnóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinogênese/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Hepatectomia/métodos , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Masculino , Repetições de Microssatélites/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica/genética , Metástase Neoplásica/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia
19.
Presse Med ; 48(7-8 Pt 2): e245-e250, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31445698

RESUMO

Embolization and percutaneous ablations became well-established therapeutic options for hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC). All are performed under minimally invasive conditions using imaging guidance. Selection of a technique over another follows guidelines but also patient's status and availability of the techniques. The aim of this review is to present these techniques performed in routine to treat HCC and to report the outcomes.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Ablação por Cateter/estatística & dados numéricos , Terapia Combinada , Embolização Terapêutica/efeitos adversos , Embolização Terapêutica/métodos , Humanos , Fígado/irrigação sanguínea , Fígado/patologia , Fígado/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Radioterapia Guiada por Imagem/efeitos adversos , Radioterapia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/efeitos adversos , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/estatística & dados numéricos , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Radiol Med ; 124(10): 1043-1048, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31270723

RESUMO

AIM: Evaluating clinical and technical factors affecting thermal ablation of B-Mode/CEUS inconspicuous HCC nodules, relying only on fusion imaging (FI) performed under conscious sedation and using previously acquired CT or MR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Among 367 HCC nodules treated in the study period, data of 37 B-mode/CEUS undetectable HCC nodules treated with FI-guided ablation were extracted from our prospectively collected institutional database. Analyzed variables included patients' sex, age, cirrhosis etiology, Child-Pugh status, size of the lesion, liver segment, subcapsular or central liver site, type of imaging used for fusion (MR/CT), and the presence of surrounding anatomical landmarks (SAL) < 3 cm from the index lesion. RESULTS: The primary efficacy was 59.4% (22/37 nodules); nine lesions (24.3%) were partially ablated (PA), six lesions (16.7%) were mistargeted (MA). Eight nodules were retreated with a CA obtained in all cases (100% CA, secondary efficacy in 30/37-81.1%). LTP was observed in 2/30 cases (6.7%). Two minor complications were registered (Clavien-Dindo, Grade1, CIRSE Classification Grade 2). SAL were related to a better ablation outcome (37.5% vs 84.6% p = 0.01). No differences were observed between CA group and PA-MA group in terms of lesion size (15.4 mm vs 14.9 mm p = 0.63), liver segment (p = 0.58), subcapsular or central liver site (8/22 36% vs 4/15 26.7% p = 0.84), and imaging (MR vs CT, p = 0.72). CONCLUSION: Even in the presence of potentially critical conditions (completely B-Mode/CEUS inconspicuous nodules, spontaneous breathing, and previously acquired CT or MRI), FI-only guidance is safe and allows having good primary, secondary efficacy and LTP rates. The outcome of the procedure is heavily affected by the presence of SAL.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Imagem Multimodal , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pontos de Referência Anatômicos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Sedação Consciente , Meios de Contraste , Feminino , Humanos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fosfolipídeos , Estudos Prospectivos , Hexafluoreto de Enxofre , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
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