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3.
Rev Med Suisse ; 17(748): 1453-1456, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468096

RESUMO

Treatment of hepatitis C has known major progress thanks to direct-acting antivirals resulting in the healing, defined by a viral clearance (sustained virological response [SVR]), in the vast majority of patients. However, there is a residual risk of progressive liver damage in a minority of patients, potentially leading to complications such as liver decompensation, hepatocellular carcinoma and/or death. This article discusses the current knowledge of residual liver disease after treatment, the impact of comorbidities and the factors potentially predicting patients at risk of complications and warranting surveillance.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Hepatite C Crônica , Hepatite C , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Hepacivirus , Hepatite C/complicações , Hepatite C/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite C/epidemiologia , Hepatite C Crônica/complicações , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite C Crônica/epidemiologia , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia
4.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 71(7): 1849-1855, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34410260

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyse the relation of demographics of hepatocellular carcinoma with the aetiology in order to analyse tumour characteristics in relation to anti-viral therapy and the presence of viral-deoxyribonucleic acid/ribonucleic acid, and the treatment modalities offered. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was conducted at the Department of Gastroenterology, Pak Emirates Military Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, from January 1 to December 31, 2019, and comprised patients aged 18-70 years with diagnosed hepatocellular carcinoma. Demographic variables, biochemical analysis, including liver profile and stage of cirrhosis, viral-status, tumour staging and the treatment modalities offered were noted. RESULTS: Of the 195 patients, 148(76%) were males and 47(24%) were females. The overall mean age was 59.8±8.9 years. There were 187(96%) patients with cirrhosis, 183(94%) corresponded to viral hepatocellular carcinoma, 160(82%) had hepatitis C, 18(9%) had hepatitis B and 6(3%) had co-infection. Platelets and alanine transaminase had a significant relation across aetiological groups (p<0.05). The presence of viral polymerase chain reaction had a significant impact on tumour aggressiveness (p<0.05). And, 62(32%) patients were amenable to curative treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Viral infection was found to be the main cause of rising prevalence of hepatocellular carcinoma. Treatment modalities were found to be expensive, and expertise was lacking.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Idoso , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Estudos Transversais , Demografia , Feminino , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paquistão/epidemiologia
5.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 21(1): 846, 2021 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34419018

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The PAGE-B score (Platelet Age GEnder-HBV) selects chronic hepatitis B (cHB) patients showing no relevant 5-year risk for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We, therefore, explored potential cost reduction following the introduction of a PAGE-B tailored ultrasound screening in a single center cohort of cHB patients receiving stable antiviral therapy. METHODS: cHB patients attending throughout the year 2018 were documented. Patients eligible for PAGE-B score were classified into high (≥18 points), intermediate (10-17 points) and low (≤9 points) HCC risk groups. Patients of the low HCC risk group could postpone HCC screening to reduce HCC screening expenses. Full costs for hepatic ultrasound were assessed. RESULTS: Throughout the year cHB patients (n = 607) attended our clinic, which included PAGE-B eligible patients (n = 227, 37.4%) of whom n = 94 (15.8%) were allocated to the low HCC risk group. Sonographic HCC screening during a median exam time of 12.4 min (IQR 9.2-17.2) resulted in total costs of 22.82 Euro/exam. Additional opportunistic expenses caused by patient's lost earnings or productivity were 15.6-17.5 €/exam and 26.7 €/exam, respectively. Following a PAGE-B tailored HCC screening at our institution annual full costs for cHB patients could be reduced by 15.51%, which equals a cost reduction by 1.91% for our total sonography unit. In comparison, 1.35% up to 7.65% of HBV-infected patients of Caucasian descent could postpone HCC screening according to population-based estimates from Germany. CONCLUSIONS: PAGE-B risk score adapted screening for HCC is an efficient and cost neutral tool to reduce costs for sonography in Caucasian patients with chronic hepatitis B receiving antiviral treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Hepatite B Crônica , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/prevenção & controle , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Hepatite B Crônica/diagnóstico , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/prevenção & controle , Fatores de Risco , Ultrassonografia
6.
BMJ Open ; 11(8): e045733, 2021 08 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34376442

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Hepatocellular adenomas (HCAs) are solid liver tumours that are usually found incidentally during routine medical check-ups. Multiple modifiable and non-modifiable factors constitute a risk for the malignant transformation of HCAs to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), which has emerged to be one of the fastest growing causes of cancer-related mortality globally. This study protocol for a planned systematic review and meta-analysis documents the methodological approach to identify risk factors and their risk estimates for the transformation from HCA to HCC. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Two independent reviewers will systematically search and extract data from studies in patients of all ages published between January 1970 and June 2021 on PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Scopus Web of Science, Ovid, The Cochrane Hepatobiliary Group Controlled Trials Register and The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials by using an a priori defined search strategy. Study quality will be rated with the National Institute of Health quality assessment tools. Disagreements will be resolved by consensus with a third independent reviewer. The primary outcome will be the odds ratio (OR) of developing HCC in patients with prediagnosed HCA depending on the exposure to risk factors. HCC diagnosis must be inferred based on imaging techniques or pathology. We will use R V.4.0.2 to conduct meta-analyses and generate pooled ORs based on random effects models. Results will be presented as forest plots. Cochran's Q and I2 test will be performed to assess heterogeneity between included studies. Funnel plots and Egger's weighted regression will be used to evaluate publication bias. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: No ethical approval is required as we will use and analyse data from previously published studies in which informed consent was obtained. The results will be disseminated in a peer-reviewed journal on completion. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42020206578.


Assuntos
Adenoma de Células Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia , Metanálise como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Fatores de Risco , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
7.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(8)2021 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34440967

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: Direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) have improved sustained virologic response (SVR) rates in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Our aim was to elucidate the occurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and to compare the outcomes of patients aged 75 years or older (older group) with those of patients younger than 75 years (younger group) after SVR. Materials and Methods: Among 441 patients treated with interferon-free DAA combinations, a total of 409 SVR patients were analyzed. We compared the two age groups in terms of HCC incidence and mortality rates. Results: Older and younger groups consisted of 68 and 341 patients, respectively. Occurrence of HCC after SVR did not differ between the two groups of patients with a history of HCC. Occurrence of HCC after SVR was observed more in younger patients without a history of HCC (p < 0.01). Although older patients without a history of HCC had a higher mortality rate (p < 0.01), their causes of death were not associated with liver diseases. Among younger patients without a history of HCC, none died. Conclusions: After SVR, liver disease may not be a prognostic factor in older HCV patients without a history of HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Hepatite C Crônica , Hepatite C , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Idoso , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Seguimentos , Hepacivirus , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite C Crônica/epidemiologia , Humanos , Interferons/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Resposta Viral Sustentada
8.
World J Gastroenterol ; 27(29): 4831-4845, 2021 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34447229

RESUMO

Chronic infections with the hepatitis B and C viruses have significant worldwide health and economic impacts. Previous treatments for hepatitis C such as interferon and ribavirin therapy were ineffective and poorly tolerated by patients. The introduction of directly acting curative antiviral therapy for hepatitis C and the wider use of nucleos(t)ide analogues for suppression of chronic Hepatitis B infection have resulted in many positive developments. Decreasing the prevalence of hepatitis B and C have concurrently reduced transmission rates and hence, the number of new infections. Antiviral treatments have decreased the rates of liver decompensation and as a result, lowered hospitalisation and mortality rates for both chronic hepatitis B and C infection. The quality of life of chronically infected patients has also been improved significantly by modern treatment. Antiviral therapy has stopped the progression of liver disease to cirrhosis in certain patient cohorts and prevented ongoing hepatocellular damage in patients with existing cirrhosis. Longer term benefits of antiviral therapy include a reduced risk of developing hepatocellular carcinoma and decreased number of patients requiring liver transplantation. This review article assesses the literature and summarises the impact of modern antiviral therapy of chronic hepatitis B and C on clinical outcomes from liver disease.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Hepatite B Crônica , Hepatite C Crônica , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Antivirais/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/prevenção & controle , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite B Crônica/epidemiologia , Hepatite C Crônica/complicações , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite C Crônica/epidemiologia , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Cirrose Hepática/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/prevenção & controle , Qualidade de Vida
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(29): e26491, 2021 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34398005

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is 1 of the deadliest malignancies worldwide. Despite significant advances in diagnosis and treatment, the mortality rate from HCC persists at a substantial level. Construction of a prognostic model that can reliably predict HCC patients' overall survival is urgently needed.Two RNA-seq dataset (the Cancer Genome Atlas and International Cancer Genome Consortium) and 1 microarray dataset (GSE14520) were included in our study. RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) in HCC patients was examined by differentially expressed genes analysis, functional enrichment analysis and protein-protein interaction network analysis. Subsequently, the Cancer Genome Atlas dataset was randomly divided into training and testing cohort with a prognostic model developed in the training cohort. In order to evaluate the prognostic value of the model, a comprehensive survival assessment was conducted.Five RBPs (ribosomal protein L10-like, enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1 alpha (PPARGC1A), zinc finger protein 239, interferon-induced protein with tetratricopeptide repeats 1) were used to construct the model. The model accurately predicted the prognosis of liver cancer patients in both the training cohort and validation cohort. HCC patients could be assigned into a high-risk group and a low-risk group by this model, and the overall survival of these 2 groups was significantly different (P  < .05). Furthermore, the risk scores obtained by this model were highly correlated with immune cell infiltration.The prognostic model helps to identify HCC patients at high risk of mortality, which optimizes decision-making for individualized treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/complicações , Prognóstico , Proteínas com Motivo de Reconhecimento de RNA/análise , Área Sob a Curva , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/complicações , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Curva ROC , Medição de Risco/métodos , Medição de Risco/normas , Medição de Risco/estatística & dados numéricos , Análise de Sobrevida
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(31): e26835, 2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34397849

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with metabolic syndrome, which includes diabetes mellitus and hyperlipidemia. A fraction of NAFLD patients develop nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, leading to cirrhosis associated with various serious complications, including hepatocellular carcinoma, gastroesophageal varices, cardiovascular events, and other organ malignancy. Although the incidence of chronic viral hepatitis with associated complications has gradually decreased as highly effective antiviral therapies have been established, the number of patients with steatohepatitis has been increasing.This retrospective study examined data of 229 patients from 22 hospitals in our region. We examined 155 cases of chronological data and assessed the development of liver fibrosis and evaluated hepatic reserve-related markers such as platelet count, FIB-4 index, prothrombin time, and serum albumin concentration. We analyzed the relationship of these chronological changes and the incidence of NAFLD related serious complications.Data related to liver fibrosis progression, albumin, and prothrombin time were significantly associated with the occurrence of serious complications associated with cirrhosis. We compared 22 event and 133 nonevent cases of chronological changes in the data per year and found that serum albumin concentration was significantly lower in the group that developed serious complications (event cases: -0.21 g/dL/year, nonevent cases: -0.04 g/dL/year (P < .001)). This albumin decline was only the associated factor with the event incidence by multivariate analysis (P < .01).Annual decline in serum albumin concentration in patients with NAFLD is associated with serious events from the outcome of multicenter retrospective study. This highlights its potential utility as a surrogate marker to assess the efficacy of prediction of NAFLD related serious events.


Assuntos
Cirrose Hepática , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Albumina Sérica/análise , Idoso , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Progressão da Doença , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/diagnóstico , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Cirrose Hepática/epidemiologia , Cirrose Hepática/etiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/sangue , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/complicações , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/epidemiologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
14.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(7): 685-689, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371540

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of anti-liver fibrosis treatment on the occurrence of liver cancer in patients with hepatitis B-related liver cirrhosis within three years. Methods: 1,049 cases with hepatitis B-related liver cirrhosis who were hospitalized in Beijing Ditan Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University from October 2008 to August 2016 were enrolled. Clinical data were collected, and COX regression analysis was used to find the independent influencing factors for the occurrence of liver cancer in patients with hepatitis B-related liver cirrhosis within three years. According to whether the patients had received anti-liver fibrosis treatment for ≥ 6 months, they were divided into combination and antiviral group. There were 388 cases in combination group and 661 cases in antiviral group. In addition, the combination group received anti-liver fibrosis therapy with Chinese patent medicine on the basis of antivirus, and the antiviral group received antiviral treatment. The incidence of liver cancer within three years were compared between the two groups, and the incidence of liver cancer in patients with different Child-Pugh grades and mPAGE-B risks was further analyzed. The independent samples t-test, Mann Whitney U test, χ2 test or Fisher's exact probability method were used for data comparison. Results: Anti-liver fibrosis treatment was an independent protective factor to prevent liver cancer in patients with hepatitis B-related liver cirrhosis within 3 years (P < 0.05). The incidence of liver cancer in the combination group was lower than antiviral group within 3 years (10.3% vs. 15.4%, χ (2) = 5.480, P < 0.05). Child-Pugh stratified analysis showed that the risk of liver cancer was significantly reduced in Child-Pugh grade A patients (6.7% vs. 12.6%, χ (2) = 2.857, P = 0.040). Among high-risk patients with mPAGE-B, the incidence of liver cancer was significantly lower in combination group than control group (13.7% vs. 19.9%, χ (2) = 6.671, P = 0.031). Conclusion: Compared to antiviral therapy alone, combined anti-liver fibrosis and antiviral therapy can reduce the liver cancer occurrence risk in patients with hepatitis B-related liver cirrhosis for 3 years. Patients with Child-Pugh grade A and high-risk group by mPAGE-B scores are the dominant population to receive treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Hepatite B Crônica , Hepatite B , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Hepatite B/complicações , Hepatite B/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(7): 696-701, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371542

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the relationship between the application of statins and the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma in patients with chronic liver disease. Methods: PubMed, the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Web of science, WeiPu, Wanfang Med online, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure database were searched. The literatures about statins and the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma in patients with chronic liver disease were collected, with a search deadline of February 2020. Two researchers independently conducted literature screening, data extraction, quality evaluation and proofreading. RevMan5.3 software was used for data analysis. The I2 combined with χ (2) test was used to evaluate the heterogeneity. Funnel plots were used to evaluate the publication bias of the included literature. Results: A total of 12 articles were included. Statins application had significantly reduced the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma in patients with chronic liver disease (OR = 0.50, 95% CI: 0.43~0.58, P < 0.01). Subgroup analysis showed that statins had reduced the incidence rate of hepatocellular carcinoma in patients with chronic hepatitis B (OR = 0.56, 95% CI: 0.47~0.66, P < 0.01) and chronic hepatitis C (OR = 0.56, 95% CI: 0.45~0.71, P < 0.01). Lipophilic statins had significantly reduced the risk of chronic liver disease development to hepatocellular carcinoma (OR = 0.48, 95% CI: 0.39~0.59, P < 0.01), but hydrophilic statins did not reduce the incidence rate of chronic liver disease development to hepatocellular carcinoma, and the difference was not statistically significant (OR = 0.64, 95% CI: 0.36~1.14, P = 0.13). Conclusion: Statins can effectively reduce the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma development in patients with chronic liver disease, including chronic hepatitis B and C. Among them, the lipophilic statins have a significant preventive effect on the development of chronic liver disease to hepatocellular carcinoma, but hydrophilic statins have no obvious effect.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Hepatite B Crônica , Hepatite C Crônica , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/prevenção & controle
16.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 21(1): 306, 2021 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34332532

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We previously reported on the trends in the etiologies of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) diagnosed in patients between 1995 and 2009. The aims of our updated study were to evaluate the incidence, nonhepatitis B and nonhepatitis C viral (NBNC) etiologies, and clinical characteristics of HCCs occurring in patients between 1992 and 2018. METHODS: The study enrolled 2171 consecutive patients with HCC between 1992 and 2018. Their medical records were reviewed. The patients were divided into two groups, patients with early diagnoses from 1992 to 2009 and those with late diagnoses from 2010 to 2018. RESULTS: NBNC-HCC occurred in 514 patients (23.6%). The percentage of patients with HCC who had NBNC-HCC increased from 26.5% in 2009 to 46.3% in 2018. Patients with NBNC-HCC were older (median ages from 67 to 73 years). Type 2 diabetes mellitus (48.5-60.3%: P = 0.008), hypertension (48.5-57.4%: P = 0.047), and hyperlipidemia (39.2-53.8%: P = 0.001) increased significantly in recent years. The median FIB-4 index decreased (4.37-3.61: P = 0.026) and the median platelet count increased (15.1-17.9 × 104/µL: P = 0.013). Among the 514 patients with NBNC-HCC, 194 underwent hepatic resection for nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) (15%), alcoholic liver disease (ALD) (29%), and cryptogenic hepatitis (56%). Cirrhosis was detected in 72%, 39%, and 16% of patients with NASH, ALD, and cryptogenic hepatitis, respectively. The prevalence of cirrhosis in patients with NASH was significantly higher than the prevalence of cirrhosis in the other groups (P < 0.001). Overall, 70% of the non-malignant liver tissue of patients with NBNC-HCC was not involved with cirrhosis. On the other hand, the median FIB-4 index in patients with cryptogenic HCC was 2.56, which was a significantly lower value than those values in the other groups of patients. The FIB-4 index considered as one of useful screening of HCC. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of NBNC-HCC has increased rapidly even in a regional university hospital. Metabolic syndrome may be an important risk factor for HCC. HCC was also found in patients with non-cirrhotic livers. The FIB-4 index may be a useful screening method for HCC in patients with NBNC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Idoso , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(33): e27000, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34414987

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Intermediate-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is heterogeneous in terms of tumor size, number, and effects on liver function. Various noninvasive models have been proposed to assess functional hepatic reserve or fibrosis severity in patients with HCC. This study assessed the feasibility of 10 noninvasive models and compared their prognostic ability for patients with intermediate-stage HCC.This study retrospectively enrolled 493 patients with intermediate-stage HCC who received treatment at China Medical University Hospital from January 2012 to November 2018. Demographic data, clinical features, and factors associated with overall survival (OS) were recorded at baseline. Receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis and the DeLong method were respectively employed to evaluate and compare the models' OS prediction performance.Of the 493 patients, 373 (75.7%) were male, and 275 (55.8%) had liver cirrhosis (LC). The median age was 64 years (interquartile range: 55-72). Most patients had tumor volume ≤50% (n = 424, 86.0%), and the maximum tumor size was 6.0 (4.0-8.5) cm. The median α-fetoprotein was 36.25 (6.13-552.91) ng/mL. The patients underwent transarterial chemoembolization (TACE, n = 349) or surgery (n = 144). The median follow-up period was 26.07 (9.77-48.27) months. Across the 10 models, the albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) score had the highest area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) (0.644, 95% confidence interval: 0.595-0.693) in all patients. In subgroup analyses, the Lok index, platelet-albumin-bilirubin score, ALBI score, and Lok index had the highest AUROC values in patients without cirrhosis, with cirrhosis, undergoing TACE, and undergoing surgery, respectively. Multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that independent predictors of longer OS were ALBI grade 1 in all patients, patients with LC, and patients undergoing TACE and Lok index grade 1 in patients without LC and patients undergoing surgery.Among the 10 noninvasive models, ALBI score exhibited the highest diagnostic value in predicting OS for all patients, patients with cirrhosis, and those undergoing TACE, and Lok index grade exhibited the highest diagnostic value in predicting OS in patients without cirrhosis and those undergoing surgery.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Idoso , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/complicações , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/complicações , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taiwan/epidemiologia
18.
Aliment Pharmacol Ther ; 54(4): 481-492, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34224163

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated an association between nonselective beta-blockers (NSBBs) and lower risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in cirrhosis. However, there has been no population-based study investigating the risk of HCC among cirrhotic patients treated using carvedilol. AIMS: To determine the risk of HCC among cirrhotic patients with NSBBs including carvedilol. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study utilised the Cerner Health Facts database in the United States from 2000 to 2017. Kaplan-Meier estimate, Cox proportional hazards regression, and propensity score matching (PSM) were used to test the HCC risk among the carvedilol, nadolol, and propranolol groups compared with no beta-blocker group. RESULTS: The final cohort comprised 107 428 eligible patients. The 100-month cumulative HCC incidence of NSBBs was significantly lower than the no beta-blocker group (carvedilol (11.24%) vs no beta-blocker (15.69%), nadolol (27.55%) vs no beta-blocker (32.11%), and propranolol (26.17%) vs no beta-blocker (28.84%) (P values < 0.0001). NSBBs were associated with a significantly lower risk of HCC (Hazard ratio: carvedilol 0.61 (95% CI 0.51-0.73), nadolol 0.74 (95% CI 0.63-0.87), propranolol 0.75 (95% CI 0.66-0.84) after PSM in the multivariate cox analysis. In subgroup analysis, NSBBs reduced the risk of HCC in cirrhosis with complications and non-alcoholic cirrhosis. CONCLUSIONS: NSBBs, including carvedilol, were associated with a significantly decreased risk of HCC in patients with cirrhosis when compared with no beta-blocker regardless of complications status. Future randomised-controlled studies comparing the incidence of HCC among NSBBs should elucidate which NSBB would be the best option to prevent HCC in cirrhosis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/prevenção & controle , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
19.
Aliment Pharmacol Ther ; 54(4): 356-367, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34247393

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chemoprevention with NSAIDs, including aspirin, and anti-platelet therapy (APT), has been suggested to reduce the incidence and recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). AIM: To determine by meta-analysis whether NSAIDs and APT use affected HCC incidence, HCC recurrence and liver-related mortality in at-risk populations with chronic liver disease. METHOD: Electronic databases including Pubmed, Scopus, Medline, Embase and Cochrane Library were searched (from inception to 31 May 2021) for eligible studies evaluating the impacts of NSAID or APT use on HCC incidence, recurrence and mortality. Data on HCC incidence, recurrence, liver-related mortality or bleeding complications had to be available. Studies were included if they evaluated adults with hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), alcohol-related liver disease (ALD) or nonalcoholic steatohepatitis that were administered at least one NSAID or APT for a defined period of time and were followed for at least 6 months. The primary outcome was HCC incidence. Secondary outcomes included: HCC recurrence, liver-related mortality and bleeding complications. Data were pooled using a random effects model with hazard ratios (HRs) or odds ratio (OR), and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) presented. RESULTS: Of 3773 articles screened, 19 studies were included, with a total of 147 283 participants. Aspirin use reduced the risk of HCC incidence (HR: 0.51, 95% CI: 0.36-0.72); and improved liver-related mortality (OR: 0.32, 95% CI: 0.15-0.70), with a small increased risk of gastrointestinal bleeding events (OR: 1.32, 95% CI: 1.08-1.94). With respect to HCC recurrence following treatment, analysis of all aspirin and NSAID treatment (including; aspirin only; non-aspirin NSAIDs only; and combination NSAIDs groups) was associated with a decreased risk of HCC recurrence (HR: 0.80, 95% CI: 0.75-0.86). By stratified analysis, only the non-aspirin NSAID group showed significant risk reduction (HR: 0.73, 95% CI: 0.63-0.84). CONCLUSION: The study supports the use of aspirin in at-risk individuals to reduce the incidence of HCC and liver-related mortality. HCC recurrence following treatment was lower with NSAID treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Adulto , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Incidência , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/prevenção & controle , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle
20.
World J Gastroenterol ; 27(25): 3780-3789, 2021 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34321843

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has impacted hospital organization, with the necessity to quickly react to face the pandemic. The management of the oncological patient has been modified by necessity due to different allocation of nurses and doctors, requiring new strategies to guarantee the correct assistance to the patients. Hepatocellular carcinoma, considered as one of the most aggressive types of liver cancer, has also required a different management during this period in order to optimize the management of patients at risk for and with this cancer. The aim of this document is to review recommendations on hepatocellular carcinoma surveillance and management, including surgery, liver transplantation, interventional radiology, oncology, and radiotherapy. Publications and guidelines from the main scientific societies worldwide regarding the management of hepatocellular carcinoma during the COVID-19 pandemic were reviewed.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2
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