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1.
Gene ; 806: 145935, 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34478821

RESUMO

Soluble molecules of programmed death ligand 1 (sPD-L1) are known to modulate T-cell depletion, an important mechanism of hepatitis B virus (HBV) persistence and liver disease progression. In addition, PD-L1 polymorphisms in the 3'-UTR can influence PD-L1 expression and have been associated with cancer risk, although not definitively. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of PD-L1 polymorphisms and circulating levels of sPD-L1 in HBV infection and live disease progression. In this study, five hundred fifty-one HBV infected patients of the three clinically well-defined subgroups chronic hepatitis B (CHB, n = 186), liver cirrhosis (LC, n = 142) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC, n = 223) and 240 healthy individuals (HC) were enrolled. PD-L1 polymorphisms (rs2297136 and rs4143815) were genotyped by in-house validated ARMS assays. Logistic regression models were applied in order to determine the association of PD-L1 polymorphisms with HBV infection as well as with progression of related liver diseases. Plasma sPD-L1 levels were quantified by ELISA assays. The PD-L1 rs2297136 AA genotype was associated with HBV infection susceptibility (HBV vs. HC: OR = 1.6; 95%CI = 1.1-2.3; p = 0.0087) and disease progression (LC vs. CHB: OR = 1.8; 95%CI = 1.1-2.9; p = 0.018). Whereas, the rs2297136 GG genotype was a protective factor for HCC development. Plasma sPD-L1 levels were significantly high in HBV patients (p < 0.0001) and higher in the LC followed by CHB and HCC groups. High sPD-L1 levels correlated with increased liver enzymes and with advanced liver disease progression (Child-pugh C > B > A, p < 0.0001) and BCLC classification (BCLC D > C > B > A, p = 0.031). We could, for the first time, conclude that PD-L1 rs2297136 polymorphism and plasma sPD-L1 protein levels associate with HBV infection and HBV-related liver disease progression.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Vírus da Hepatite B/patogenicidade , Hepatite B Crônica/genética , Cirrose Hepática/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Adulto , Idoso , Antígeno B7-H1/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/virologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Vírus da Hepatite B/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Hepatite B Crônica/diagnóstico , Hepatite B Crônica/virologia , Humanos , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Fígado/virologia , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Cirrose Hepática/etiologia , Cirrose Hepática/virologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(39): e27417, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34596169

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: This study evaluated the clinical implications of hepatitis B surface antigen quantification (qHBs Ag) in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients treated with entecavir (ETV) or tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) and identified the association between qHBs Ag and the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in these patients.Between January 2007 and December 2018, the qHBs Ag and clinical data of 183 CHB patients who initially received ETV (n = 45, 24.6%) or TDF (n = 138, 75.4%) were analyzed.The mean follow-up period of the 183 CHB patients was 45.3 months, of which 59 (32.2%) patients showed a reduction in qHBs Ag by >50% after 1 year of antiviral treatment (ETV or TDF). The HCC development (P = .179) or qHBs Ag reduction (P = .524) were similar in the ETV and TDF groups. Patients with a ≥50% decrease in qHBs Ag had a significantly lower incidence of HCC or decompensated cirrhosis complications (P = .005). Multivariate analysis showed that a >50% reduction of qHBs Ag (hazard ratio 0.085, P = .018) and the presence of cirrhosis (hazard ratio 3.32, P = .016) were independent factors predicting the development of HCC.Patients whose qHBs Ag value decreased >50% at 1 year after antiviral treatment for CHB showed a significant decrease in HCC or decompensated cirrhosis events. A reduction in qHBs Ag could be used as a predictive factor of HCC development or critical complications in CHB patients treated with TDF or ETV.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Guanina/análogos & derivados , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Tenofovir/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Feminino , Guanina/uso terapêutico , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco
3.
World J Gastroenterol ; 27(33): 5536-5554, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34588750

RESUMO

Surveillance with abdominal ultrasound with or without alpha-fetoprotein is recommended by clinical practice guidelines for patients who are considered to be at risk of developing hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), including those with cirrhosis, advanced fibrosis and special subgroups of chronic hepatitis B (CHB). Application of the standard surveillance strategy to all patients with chronic liver disease (CLD) with or without cirrhosis imposes major sustainability and economic burdens on healthcare systems. Thus, a number of HCC risk scores were constructed, mainly from Asian cohorts, to stratify the HCC prediction in patients with CHB. Similarly, even if less than for CHB, a few scoring systems were developed for chronic hepatitis C patients or cirrhotic patients with CLD of different etiologies. Recently, a few newsworthy HCC-risk algorithms were developed for patients with cirrhosis using the combination of serologic HCC markers and clinical parameters. Overall, the HCC risk stratification appears at hand by several validated multiple score systems, but their optimal performance is obtained only in populations who show highly homogenous clinic-pathologic, epidemiologic, etiologic and therapeutic characteristics and this limitation poses a major drawback to their sustainable use in clinical practice. A better understanding of the dynamic process driving the progression from CLD to HCC derived from studies based on molecular approaches and genetics, epigenetics and liquid biopsy will enable the identification of new biomarkers to define the individual risk of HCC in the near future, with the possibility to achieve a real and cost/effective personalization of surveillance.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Hepatite B Crônica , Hepatite C Crônica , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Hepatite B Crônica/diagnóstico , Hepatite B Crônica/epidemiologia , Hepatite C Crônica/complicações , Hepatite C Crônica/diagnóstico , Hepatite C Crônica/epidemiologia , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Cirrose Hepática/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia
4.
Rev Med Suisse ; 17(748): 1453-1456, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468096

RESUMO

Treatment of hepatitis C has known major progress thanks to direct-acting antivirals resulting in the healing, defined by a viral clearance (sustained virological response [SVR]), in the vast majority of patients. However, there is a residual risk of progressive liver damage in a minority of patients, potentially leading to complications such as liver decompensation, hepatocellular carcinoma and/or death. This article discusses the current knowledge of residual liver disease after treatment, the impact of comorbidities and the factors potentially predicting patients at risk of complications and warranting surveillance.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Hepatite C Crônica , Hepatite C , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Hepacivirus , Hepatite C/complicações , Hepatite C/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite C/epidemiologia , Hepatite C Crônica/complicações , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite C Crônica/epidemiologia , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia
5.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(7): 685-689, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371540

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of anti-liver fibrosis treatment on the occurrence of liver cancer in patients with hepatitis B-related liver cirrhosis within three years. Methods: 1,049 cases with hepatitis B-related liver cirrhosis who were hospitalized in Beijing Ditan Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University from October 2008 to August 2016 were enrolled. Clinical data were collected, and COX regression analysis was used to find the independent influencing factors for the occurrence of liver cancer in patients with hepatitis B-related liver cirrhosis within three years. According to whether the patients had received anti-liver fibrosis treatment for ≥ 6 months, they were divided into combination and antiviral group. There were 388 cases in combination group and 661 cases in antiviral group. In addition, the combination group received anti-liver fibrosis therapy with Chinese patent medicine on the basis of antivirus, and the antiviral group received antiviral treatment. The incidence of liver cancer within three years were compared between the two groups, and the incidence of liver cancer in patients with different Child-Pugh grades and mPAGE-B risks was further analyzed. The independent samples t-test, Mann Whitney U test, χ2 test or Fisher's exact probability method were used for data comparison. Results: Anti-liver fibrosis treatment was an independent protective factor to prevent liver cancer in patients with hepatitis B-related liver cirrhosis within 3 years (P < 0.05). The incidence of liver cancer in the combination group was lower than antiviral group within 3 years (10.3% vs. 15.4%, χ (2) = 5.480, P < 0.05). Child-Pugh stratified analysis showed that the risk of liver cancer was significantly reduced in Child-Pugh grade A patients (6.7% vs. 12.6%, χ (2) = 2.857, P = 0.040). Among high-risk patients with mPAGE-B, the incidence of liver cancer was significantly lower in combination group than control group (13.7% vs. 19.9%, χ (2) = 6.671, P = 0.031). Conclusion: Compared to antiviral therapy alone, combined anti-liver fibrosis and antiviral therapy can reduce the liver cancer occurrence risk in patients with hepatitis B-related liver cirrhosis for 3 years. Patients with Child-Pugh grade A and high-risk group by mPAGE-B scores are the dominant population to receive treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Hepatite B Crônica , Hepatite B , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Hepatite B/complicações , Hepatite B/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(15)2021 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360569

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a malignancy with a leading lethality. The etiology is quite diverse, ranging from viral infections to metabolic disorders or intoxications, and associates with specific somatic mutational patterns and specific host immunological phenotypes. Particularly, hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected liver is featured by an activation of interferon (IFN)-stimulated genes (ISGs; IFN signature), which we suppose is driven by type III IFNL4. Taking advantage of the TCGA collection of HCC patients of various different etiologies, this study aimed at validating our previous findings on hepatic IFNL4 gene activation in HCV infection in an independent and larger cohort of patients with advanced liver disease. In a cohort of n = 377 cases, the entirety of the sequencing data was used to assess the IFNL genotypes, and the cases were stratified for etiology. The number of IFNL4 transcripts within nonmalignant and malignant tissues was found to be more abundant in patients with HCV or HCV/HBV infections when compared to other risk factors. Moreover, in patients with HCV infection as a risk factor, a close, positive relationship was found between ISG activation and the number of functional IFNL4 transcripts. Data on this independent TCGA sample support the concept of an IFNL4-dependent HCV-driven activation of hepatic ISGs. In addition to that, they add to the understanding of etiology-related host immunological phenotypes in HCC.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Hepatite C Crônica/complicações , Interleucinas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Apoptose , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Hepacivirus/isolamento & purificação , Hepatite C Crônica/virologia , Humanos , Interleucinas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
10.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 21(1): 306, 2021 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34332532

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We previously reported on the trends in the etiologies of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) diagnosed in patients between 1995 and 2009. The aims of our updated study were to evaluate the incidence, nonhepatitis B and nonhepatitis C viral (NBNC) etiologies, and clinical characteristics of HCCs occurring in patients between 1992 and 2018. METHODS: The study enrolled 2171 consecutive patients with HCC between 1992 and 2018. Their medical records were reviewed. The patients were divided into two groups, patients with early diagnoses from 1992 to 2009 and those with late diagnoses from 2010 to 2018. RESULTS: NBNC-HCC occurred in 514 patients (23.6%). The percentage of patients with HCC who had NBNC-HCC increased from 26.5% in 2009 to 46.3% in 2018. Patients with NBNC-HCC were older (median ages from 67 to 73 years). Type 2 diabetes mellitus (48.5-60.3%: P = 0.008), hypertension (48.5-57.4%: P = 0.047), and hyperlipidemia (39.2-53.8%: P = 0.001) increased significantly in recent years. The median FIB-4 index decreased (4.37-3.61: P = 0.026) and the median platelet count increased (15.1-17.9 × 104/µL: P = 0.013). Among the 514 patients with NBNC-HCC, 194 underwent hepatic resection for nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) (15%), alcoholic liver disease (ALD) (29%), and cryptogenic hepatitis (56%). Cirrhosis was detected in 72%, 39%, and 16% of patients with NASH, ALD, and cryptogenic hepatitis, respectively. The prevalence of cirrhosis in patients with NASH was significantly higher than the prevalence of cirrhosis in the other groups (P < 0.001). Overall, 70% of the non-malignant liver tissue of patients with NBNC-HCC was not involved with cirrhosis. On the other hand, the median FIB-4 index in patients with cryptogenic HCC was 2.56, which was a significantly lower value than those values in the other groups of patients. The FIB-4 index considered as one of useful screening of HCC. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of NBNC-HCC has increased rapidly even in a regional university hospital. Metabolic syndrome may be an important risk factor for HCC. HCC was also found in patients with non-cirrhotic livers. The FIB-4 index may be a useful screening method for HCC in patients with NBNC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Idoso , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia
11.
BMJ Open ; 11(8): e045733, 2021 08 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34376442

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Hepatocellular adenomas (HCAs) are solid liver tumours that are usually found incidentally during routine medical check-ups. Multiple modifiable and non-modifiable factors constitute a risk for the malignant transformation of HCAs to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), which has emerged to be one of the fastest growing causes of cancer-related mortality globally. This study protocol for a planned systematic review and meta-analysis documents the methodological approach to identify risk factors and their risk estimates for the transformation from HCA to HCC. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Two independent reviewers will systematically search and extract data from studies in patients of all ages published between January 1970 and June 2021 on PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Scopus Web of Science, Ovid, The Cochrane Hepatobiliary Group Controlled Trials Register and The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials by using an a priori defined search strategy. Study quality will be rated with the National Institute of Health quality assessment tools. Disagreements will be resolved by consensus with a third independent reviewer. The primary outcome will be the odds ratio (OR) of developing HCC in patients with prediagnosed HCA depending on the exposure to risk factors. HCC diagnosis must be inferred based on imaging techniques or pathology. We will use R V.4.0.2 to conduct meta-analyses and generate pooled ORs based on random effects models. Results will be presented as forest plots. Cochran's Q and I2 test will be performed to assess heterogeneity between included studies. Funnel plots and Egger's weighted regression will be used to evaluate publication bias. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: No ethical approval is required as we will use and analyse data from previously published studies in which informed consent was obtained. The results will be disseminated in a peer-reviewed journal on completion. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42020206578.


Assuntos
Adenoma de Células Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia , Metanálise como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Fatores de Risco , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(33): e26964, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34414965

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the tumors with a higher mortality rate globally, which significantly threatens people's health. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major driving factor of HCC. This study aims to determine the key microRNA (miRNA), hub genes, and related pathways, construct potential miRNA-mRNA regulatory networks, and clarify the new molecular mechanism of HCV-related HCC. In this study, 16 differentially expressed miRNAs (DE miRNAs) were identified. The prediction of potential transcription factors and target genes not only found that SP1 and ERG1 may potentially regulate most of the screened DE miRNAs, but it also obtained 2923 and 1782 predicted target genes for the up-regulation and down-regulation of DE miRNAs, respectively. Subsequently, the introduction of differentially expressed genes dataset GSE62232 for target gene verification yielded 98 and 147 potential up-regulation and down-regulation target genes. The gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes pathway enrichment analysis showed that they were mainly enriched in the cell cycle process, that is, subsequently, 20 hub genes were screened out through the protein-protein interaction network, and related genes were further evaluated using the GEPIA database. Based on the above analysis, the miRNA-hub gene regulatory network was constructed. In short, this research's hub genes and miRNAs closely related to HCV-related HCC were screened and identified through bioinformatics analysis and then built their connection. These results are expected to find potential therapeutic targets for HCV-related HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Hepatite C/complicações , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/virologia , Biologia Computacional , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Viral da Expressão Gênica , Hepatite C/metabolismo , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos
14.
Aliment Pharmacol Ther ; 54(6): 833-842, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34286851

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinical and experimental studies suggest immunologic proteins contribute to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development. AIM: To evaluate circulating immunologic markers and HCC risk. METHODS: From a Taiwanese cohort of chronically hepatitis B virus (HBV)-infected individuals followed over time (REVEAL-HBV), we sampled 175 who developed HCC, 117 cirrhosis only, and 165 non-cirrhotic controls. From a similar Taiwanese cohort of chronically hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected individuals (REVEAL-HCV), we included 94 individuals who developed HCC, 68 cirrhosis only and 100 non-cirrhotic controls. We compared pre-diagnostic plasma levels of 102 markers in HCC cases to non-cirrhotic and cirrhotic controls using polytomous logistic regression. A priori markers included insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3), intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) and interleukin 6 (IL-6). P-values for other markers were corrected for multiple testing (false discovery rate = 10%). RESULTS: In both REVEAL-HBV and REVEAL-HCV, increasing levels of ICAM-1 were associated with increased risk of HCC compared to non-cirrhotic controls (P-trend 0.02 and 0.001, respectively). In both REVEAL-HBV and REVEAL-HCV, two novel markers [C-X-C motif chemokine 11 (CXCL11) and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)] were positively associated [strongest odds ratioquartile 4 versus 1 (OR) 4.55 for HGF in HCV], while two [complement factor H related 5 (CFHR5) and stem cell factor (SCF)] were negatively associated (strongest ORQ4vQ1 0.14 for SCF in HCV) with development of HCC compared to non-cirrhotic controls. CONCLUSIONS: We confirmed the association for ICAM-1 and identified 4 additional proteins associated with HBV- and HCV-related HCC. These findings highlight the importance of immunologic processes in HBV- and HCV-related HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Hepatite B , Hepatite C , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Biomarcadores , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Hepacivirus , Hepatite B/complicações , Vírus da Hepatite B , Hepatite C/complicações , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/epidemiologia , Cirrose Hepática/etiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia
15.
Aliment Pharmacol Ther ; 54(4): 481-492, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34224163

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated an association between nonselective beta-blockers (NSBBs) and lower risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in cirrhosis. However, there has been no population-based study investigating the risk of HCC among cirrhotic patients treated using carvedilol. AIMS: To determine the risk of HCC among cirrhotic patients with NSBBs including carvedilol. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study utilised the Cerner Health Facts database in the United States from 2000 to 2017. Kaplan-Meier estimate, Cox proportional hazards regression, and propensity score matching (PSM) were used to test the HCC risk among the carvedilol, nadolol, and propranolol groups compared with no beta-blocker group. RESULTS: The final cohort comprised 107 428 eligible patients. The 100-month cumulative HCC incidence of NSBBs was significantly lower than the no beta-blocker group (carvedilol (11.24%) vs no beta-blocker (15.69%), nadolol (27.55%) vs no beta-blocker (32.11%), and propranolol (26.17%) vs no beta-blocker (28.84%) (P values < 0.0001). NSBBs were associated with a significantly lower risk of HCC (Hazard ratio: carvedilol 0.61 (95% CI 0.51-0.73), nadolol 0.74 (95% CI 0.63-0.87), propranolol 0.75 (95% CI 0.66-0.84) after PSM in the multivariate cox analysis. In subgroup analysis, NSBBs reduced the risk of HCC in cirrhosis with complications and non-alcoholic cirrhosis. CONCLUSIONS: NSBBs, including carvedilol, were associated with a significantly decreased risk of HCC in patients with cirrhosis when compared with no beta-blocker regardless of complications status. Future randomised-controlled studies comparing the incidence of HCC among NSBBs should elucidate which NSBB would be the best option to prevent HCC in cirrhosis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/prevenção & controle , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
16.
Viruses ; 13(6)2021 06 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34208172

RESUMO

The envelope of hepatitis B virus (HBV), which is required for the entry to hepatocytes, consists of a lipid bilayer derived from hepatocyte and HBV envelope proteins, large/middle/small hepatitis B surface antigen (L/M/SHBs). The mechanisms and host factors for the envelope formation in the hepatocytes are being revealed. HBV-infected hepatocytes release a large amount of subviral particles (SVPs) containing L/M/SHBs that facilitate escape from the immune system. Recently, novel drugs inhibiting the functions of the viral envelope and those inhibiting the release of SVPs have been reported. LHBs that accumulate in ER is considered to promote carcinogenesis and, especially, deletion mutants in the preS1/S2 domain have been reported to be associated with the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In this review, we summarize recent reports on the findings regarding the biological characteristics of HBV envelope proteins, their involvement in HCC development and new agents targeting the envelope.


Assuntos
Transformação Celular Viral , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/metabolismo , Vírus da Hepatite B/fisiologia , Hepatite B/virologia , Proteínas do Envelope Viral/metabolismo , Animais , Antivirais/farmacologia , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Gerenciamento Clínico , Regulação Viral da Expressão Gênica , Variação Genética , Genoma Viral , Hepatite B/complicações , Hepatite B/diagnóstico , Hepatite B/tratamento farmacológico , Vírus da Hepatite B/ultraestrutura , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular , Vírion
17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(13)2021 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34199035

RESUMO

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a major public health problem worldwide. NAFLD (both simple steatosis and steatohepatitis) is characterized by alterations in hepatic lipid metabolism, which may lead to the development of severe liver complications including cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Thus, an exhaustive examination of lipid disorders in the liver of NAFLD patients is much needed. Mass spectrometry-based lipidomics platforms allow for in-depth analysis of lipid alterations in a number of human diseases, including NAFLD. This review summarizes the current research on lipid alterations associated with NAFLD and related complications, with special emphasis on the changes in long-chain and short-chain fatty acids levels in both serum and liver tissue, as well as in the hepatic expression of genes encoding the enzymes catalyzing lipid interconversions.


Assuntos
Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/metabolismo , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia , Animais , Biomarcadores , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Progressão da Doença , Ácidos Graxos/sangue , Ácidos Graxos/química , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Lipidômica/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Estrutura Molecular , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/complicações , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/etiologia
18.
World J Gastroenterol ; 27(24): 3466-3482, 2021 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34239263

RESUMO

Primary liver cancers carry significant morbidity and mortality. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) develops within the hepatic parenchyma and is the most common malignancy originating from the liver. Although 80% of HCCs develop within background cirrhosis, 20% may arise in a non-cirrhotic milieu and are referred to non-cirrhotic-HCC (NCHCC). NCHCC is often diagnosed late due to lack of surveillance. In addition, the rising prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and diabetes mellitus have increased the risk of developing HCC on non-cirrhotic patients. Viral infections such as chronic Hepatitis B and less often chronic hepatitis C with advance fibrosis are associated with NCHCC. NCHCC individuals may have Hepatitis B core antibodies and occult HBV infection, signifying the role of Hepatitis B infection in NCHCC. Given the effectiveness of current antiviral therapies, surgical techniques and locoregional treatment options, nowadays such patients have more options and potential for cure. However, these lesions need early identification with diagnostic models and multiple surveillance strategies to improve overall outcomes. Better understanding of the NCHCC risk factors, tumorigenesis, diagnostic tools and treatment options are critical to improving prognosis and overall outcomes on these patients. In this review, we aim to discuss NCHCC epidemiology, risk factors, and pathogenesis, and elaborate on NCHCC diagnosis and treatment strategies.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Hepatite B Crônica , Hepatite B , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite B Crônica/epidemiologia , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/epidemiologia , Cirrose Hepática/terapia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia
19.
World J Gastroenterol ; 27(24): 3556-3567, 2021 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34239269

RESUMO

Chronic infections due to hepatitis B and hepatitis C viruses are responsible for most cases of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) worldwide, and this association is likely to remain during the next decade. Moreover, viral hepatitis-related HCC imposes an important burden on public health in terms of disability-adjusted life years. In order to reduce such a burden, some major challenges must be faced. Universal vaccination against hepatitis B virus, especially in the neonatal period, is probably the most relevant primary preventive measure against the development of HCC. Moreover, considering the large adult population already infected with hepatitis B and C viruses, it is also imperative to identify these individuals to ensure their access to treatment. Both hepatitis B and C currently have highly effective therapies, which are able to diminish the risk of development of liver cancer. Finally, it is essential for individuals at high-risk of HCC to be included in surveillance programs, so that tumors are detected at an early stage. Patients with hepatitis B or C and advanced liver fibrosis or cirrhosis benefit from being followed in a surveillance program. As hepatitis B virus is oncogenic and capable of leading to liver cancer even in individuals with early stages of liver fibrosis, other high-risk groups of patients with hepatitis B are also candidates for surveillance. Considerable effort is required concerning these strategies in order to decrease the incidence and the mortality of viral hepatitis-related HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Hepatite B Crônica , Hepatite B , Hepatite Viral Humana , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Adulto , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/prevenção & controle , Hepatite B/complicações , Hepatite B/epidemiologia , Hepatite B/prevenção & controle , Vírus da Hepatite B , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Hepatite B Crônica/epidemiologia , Hepatite Viral Humana/complicações , Hepatite Viral Humana/epidemiologia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/prevenção & controle , Fatores de Risco
20.
Mol Carcinog ; 60(9): 607-619, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34107107

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma is a highly fatal disease and threatens human health seriously. Fluid shear stress (FSS), which is caused by the leakage of plasma from abnormally permeable tumor blood vessels and insufficient lymphatic drainage, has been identified as contributing pathologically to cancer metastasis. Autophagy and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) are both reported to be involved in cancer cell migration and invasion, but little has been revealed about the interaction between autophagy and EMT under a tumor mechanical microenvironment. Here, we identified that exposure to 1.4 dyne/cm2 FSS could promote the formation of autophagosomes and significantly increase the expressions of autophagy-related markers of beclin1 and ATG7, and the ratio of LC3Ⅱ/Ⅰ in both of HepG2 and QGY-7703 cells. The FSS loading also elevated the levels of mesenchymal markers N-cadherin, Vimentin, Twist, Snail, and ß-catenin, while the epithelial markers E-cadherin showed a decrease. Once the autophagy was blocked by 3-methyladenine (3-MA) or knocking ATG5 down, the occurrence of FSS-induced EMT was inhibited dramatically according to the expression and translocation of E-cadherin, N-cadherin, and ß-catenin. Given the effect of EMT on cell migration, we observed that inhibition of autophagy could impede FSS-induced cell migration. Collectively, this study demonstrated that autophagy played a crucial role in FSS-induced EMT and cell migration in hepatocellular carcinoma.


Assuntos
Autofagia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Autofagossomos/metabolismo , Autofagia/genética , Biomarcadores , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Humanos , Microambiente Tumoral
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