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1.
World J Surg Oncol ; 19(1): 262, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34470640

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the correlation between miRNA-216b expression in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake by PET/CT and to explore the clinical application value of 18F-FDG PET/CT in miRNA-216b based on therapy for NSCLC. METHODS: Eighty patients with NSCLC and 40 healthy subjects were enrolled in our study. The SUVmax of the lesion area by PET/CT imaging was calculated. SUVmax represented the highest concentration of 18F-FDG in the lesion. The expression of miRNA-216b in the plasma and fiber bronchoscopic puncture of NSCLC patients was detected by RT qPCR. Then Pearson correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between miRNA-216b expression and 18F-FDG uptake in patients with different types of NSCLC. RESULTS: Compared with healthy subjects, SUVmax of early adenocarcinoma and advanced adenocarcinoma were increased. Compared with healthy subjects, SUVmax of early squamous and advanced squamous were increased. And the SUVmax content of advanced adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma was higher than that of early adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. Compared with healthy subjects, the expression of miRNA-216b in the plasma of patients with early and advanced adenocarcinoma was reduced, and the expression of miRNA-216b in the plasma of patients with early and advanced squamous cell carcinoma was reduced. Compared with adjacent tissues, the expression of miRNA-216b in early adenocarcinoma tissues and advanced adenocarcinoma tissues was reduced, and the expression in early squamous cell carcinoma and advanced squamous cell carcinoma was reduced. Pearson correlation analysis showed a negative correlation between SUVmax and miRNA-216b (plasma and tissue) in patients with four types of NSCLC. CONCLUSION: miRNA-216b expression was negatively correlated with 18F-FDG uptake in NSCLC. miRNA-216b could be used for the classification and staging of non-small cell lung cancer. 18F-FDG PET/CT may be used to evaluate the therapeutic response in application of miRNA-216b-based cancer treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Fluordesoxiglucose F18/farmacocinética , Neoplasias Pulmonares , MicroRNAs , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Prognóstico , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos
2.
Int J Hyperthermia ; 38(1): 1366-1374, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34514949

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To develop an effective nomogram model for predicting the local progression after computed tomography-guided microwave ablation (MWA) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. METHODS: NSCLC patients treated with MWA were randomly allocated to either the training cohort or the validation cohort (4:1). The predictors of local progression identified by univariable and multivariable analyses in the training cohort were used to develop a nomogram model. The C-statistic was used to evaluate the predictive accuracy in both the training and validation cohorts. RESULTS: A total of 304 patients (training cohort: n = 250; validation cohort: n = 54) were included in this study. The predictors selected into the nomogram for local progression included the tumor subtypes (odds ratio [OR], 2.494; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.415-4.396, p = 0.002), vessels ≥3 mm in direct contact with tumor (OR, 2.750; 95% CI, 1.263-5.988; p = 0.011), tumor diameter (OR, 2.252; 95% CI, 1.034-4.903; p = 0.041) and location (OR, 2.442; 95% CI, 1.201-4.965; p = 0.014). The C-statistic showed good predictive performance in both cohorts, with a C-statistic of 0.777 (95% CI, 0.707-0.848) internally and 0.712 (95% CI, 0.570-0.855) externally (training cohort and validation cohort, respectively). The optimal cutoff value for the risk of local progression was 0.39. CONCLUSIONS: Tumor subtypes, vessels ≥3 mm in direct contact with the tumor, tumor diameter and location were predictors of local progression after MWA in NSCLC patients. The nomogram model could effectively predict the risk of local progression after MWA. Patients showing a high risk (>0.39) on the nomogram should be monitored for local progression.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Micro-Ondas , Nomogramas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
3.
Zentralbl Chir ; 146(S 01): S33-S47, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488231

RESUMO

Thorough mediastinal staging is pivotal for prognostic assessment and treatment planning in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) without distant metastasis. It aims to answer the question of whether a technically and functionally feasible operation also makes sense from an oncological point of view. In case of a nodal-free mediastinum, primary surgical therapy can be considered. If the ipsilateral mediastinal lymph nodes are affected, multimodal therapy should be sought. Operating is usually no longer the first step, especially with extensive lymph node infestation. Surgery is recommended, if neoadjuvant (radio-)chemotherapy has achieved downstaging or major response. If the contralateral mediastinal lymph nodes are involved, curative surgery is no longer part of the therapeutic concept. The therapy of choice in this situation is definitive chemo-radiotherapy.Guidelines for mediastinal staging consistently require to combine radiological, nuclear medicine and minimally invasive methods. Imaging with CT and PET allows an initial assessment of the mediastinal status. In most cases it has to be complemented with tissue confirmation. Echoendoscopic assessment of the mediastinum with needle biopsy is the minimally invasive method of first choice ("needle first"). Surgical staging methods are reserved for situations, that cannot be satisfactorily clarified by echoendoscopy.Technique and outcome of the different methods are described and algorithms are presented for different oncological situations.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Linfonodos/patologia , Mediastino/diagnóstico por imagem , Mediastino/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias
5.
J Int Med Res ; 49(8): 3000605211035005, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34396834

RESUMO

Targeted therapy in patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-mutated non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) often fails because of drug resistance. Here, we report a 57-year-old male patient with stage IV small cell lung cancer (SCLC) transformation during targeted therapy. Chest computerized tomography (CT), hematoxylin and eosin histological examination, immunohistochemistry, allele refractory mutation system-based quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis of EGFR point mutations, and next-generation sequencing were performed for diagnosis and therapeutic efficacy evaluation. A combination of chest CT, histological examination, and immunohistochemistry confirmed the initial NSCLC diagnosis. Next-generation sequencing detected only EGFR exon 19 deletion (ex19del) before treatment and later identified EGFR exon20p.T790M point mutation, EGFR amplification, myc proto-oncogene (MYC) amplification, retinoblastoma 1 (RB1) mutation, and tumor protein 53 (TP53) mutation. Histology and immunohistochemistry revealed transformation from NSCLC to SCLC during treatment, which eventually returned to NSCLC. Drug resistance to targeted therapy for patients with NSCLC frequently occurs because of EGFR exon20p.T790M point mutation, TP53 mutation, RB1 mutation, and MYC amplification. These mutations are also the major determining factors of NSCLC outcomes. Therefore, next-generation sequencing should be performed to confirm drug efficacy during targeted therapy for NSCLC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Receptores ErbB/genética , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/genética
6.
Radiologe ; 61(9): 853-862, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34409518

RESUMO

Radiotherapy of small targets with very high single doses administered in 1 to approximately 12 fractions-carried out under image guidance and with the intention of "tumour ablation"-is called stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for extracranial tumours or metastases. Radiobiologically, besides damaging the DNA of the tumour cells, the tumour vessels are also occluded and immunological effects are triggered. The safe performance of SBRT requires a very high physical-technical effort in order to ensure sufficient protection of healthy organs. Clinically, SBRT offers a wide range of applications in curative therapy (e.g. non-small-cell lung cancer stage I). Furthermore, it is a conservative, effective and well-tolerated option for the treatment of individual metastases and an optimal combination partner in the therapy of oligometastatic tumours.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Radiocirurgia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/radioterapia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia
7.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5045, 2021 08 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34413300

RESUMO

Radiographic imaging is the standard approach for evaluating the disease involvement of lymph nodes in patients with operable NSCLC although the impact of neoadjuvant immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) on lymph nodes has not yet been characterized. Herein, we present an ad hoc analysis of the NEOSTAR trial (NCT03158129) where we observed a phenomenon we refer to as "nodal immune flare" (NIF) in which patients treated with neoadjuvant ICIs demonstrate radiologically abnormal nodes post-therapy that upon pathological evaluation are devoid of cancer and demonstrate de novo non-caseating granulomas. Abnormal lymph nodes are analyzed by computed tomography and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computer tomography to evaluate the size and the maximum standard uptake value post- and pre-therapy in NEOSTAR and an independent neoadjuvant chemotherapy cohort. NIF occurs in 16% (7/44) of patients treated with ICIs but in 0% (0/28) of patients after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. NIF is associated with an inflamed nodal immune microenvironment and with fecal abundance of genera belonging to the family Coriobacteriaceae of phylum Actinobacteria, but not with tumor responses or treatment-related toxicity. Our findings suggest that this apparent radiological cancer progression in lymph nodes may occur due to an inflammatory response after neoadjuvant immunotherapy, and such cases should be evaluated by pathological examination to distinguish NIF from true nodal progression and to ensure appropriate clinical treatment planning.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/imunologia , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/imunologia , Linfonodos/imunologia , Linfonodos/patologia , Idoso , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Linfonodos/efeitos dos fármacos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Imagem Multimodal/métodos , Terapia Neoadjuvante
8.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 76: e2769, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34231708

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore the effect of tumor and normal lung volumes on lung volume-dose parameters in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who had undergone intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT). METHODS: The clinical data of 208 patients with NSCLC who underwent radical IMRT between June 2014 and June 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. A regression model curve was used to evaluate the effect of tumor and normal lung volumes on normal lung relative volumes receiving greater than 5 and 20 Gy (V5, V20), on mean lung dose (MLD), and on absolute volumes spared from greater than 5 and 20 Gy (AVS5, AVS20). RESULTS: The V5, V20, and MLD of the bilateral lung were fitted to a quadratic equation curve with the change in tumor volume, which increased initially and then decreased when the tumor volume increased. The V5, V20, and MLD of the lung reached their apex when the tumor volumes were 288.07, 341.69, and 326.83 cm3, respectively. AVS5 and AVS20 decreased in a logarithmic curve with an increase in tumor volume. The V5, V20, and MLD of the small normal lung volume group were all significantly higher than those of the large normal lung volume group (p<0.001, p=0.004, p=0.002). However, the AVS5 and AVS20 of the small normal lung volume group were all significantly lower than those of the large normal lung volume group (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: The effects of tumor volume and normal lung volume on dose-volume parameters should be considered. AVS5 is an important supplementary dose limitation parameter for patients whose tumor volume exceeds a certain boundary value (approximately 300 cm3).


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/radioterapia , Humanos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Medidas de Volume Pulmonar , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
J Appl Clin Med Phys ; 22(8): 156-167, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34310827

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Re-planning for four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT)-based lung adaptive radiotherapy commonly requires deformable dose mapping between the planning average-intensity image (AVG) and the newly acquired AVG. However, such AVG-AVG deformable image registration (DIR) lacks accuracy assessment. The current work quantified and compared geometric accuracies of AVG-AVG DIR and corresponding phase-phase DIRs, and subsequently investigated the clinical impact of such AVG-AVG DIR on deformable dose mapping. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Hybrid intensity-based AVG-AVG and phase-phase DIRs were performed between the planning and mid-treatment 4DCTs of 28 non-small cell lung cancer patients. An automated landmark identification algorithm detected vessel bifurcation pairs in both lungs. Target registration error (TRE) of these landmark pairs was calculated for both DIR types. The correlation between TRE and respiratory-induced landmark motion in the planning 4DCT was analyzed. Global and local dose metrics were used to assess the clinical implications of AVG-AVG deformable dose mapping with both DIR types. RESULTS: TRE of AVG-AVG and phase-phase DIRs averaged 3.2 ± 1.0 and 2.6 ± 0.8 mm respectively (p < 0.001). Using AVG-AVG DIR, TREs for landmarks with <10 mm motion averaged 2.9 ± 2.0 mm, compared to 3.1 ± 1.9 mm for the remaining landmarks (p < 0.01). Comparatively, no significant difference was demonstrated for phase-phase DIRs. Dosimetrically, no significant difference in global dose metrics was observed between doses mapped with AVG-AVG DIR and the phase-phase DIR, but a positive linear relationship existed (p = 0.04) between the TRE of AVG-AVG DIR and local dose difference. CONCLUSIONS: When the region of interest experiences <10 mm respiratory-induced motion, AVG-AVG DIR may provide sufficient geometric accuracy; conversely, extra attention is warranted, and phase-phase DIR is recommended. Dosimetrically, the differences in geometric accuracy between AVG-AVG and phase-phase DIRs did not impact global lung-based metrics. However, as more localized dose metrics are needed for toxicity assessment, phase-phase DIR may be required as its lower mean TRE improved voxel-based dosimetry.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Algoritmos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/radioterapia , Tomografia Computadorizada Quadridimensional , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Planejamento da Radioterapia Assistida por Computador
10.
Eur J Radiol ; 141: 109792, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34062472

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the predictive performance of the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) and mean standardized uptake value (SUVmean) of primary lesions based on 18 F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) for EGFR mutation status in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: The PubMed/Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library and Web of Science databases were searched as of January 1, 2021. Studies whose reported data could be used to construct contingency tables were included. Study characteristics were extracted, and methodological quality assessment was conducted by two separate reviewers using the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies. The pooled sensitivity, specificity and area under the summary receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) were calculated. The possible causes of heterogeneity were analysed by meta-regression. RESULTS: The 18 included studies had a total of 4024 patients. The majority of the studies showed a low to unclear risk of bias and concerns of applicability. For differentiating EGFR-mutant NSCLC from wild-type NSCLC, the pooled sensitivity and specificity were 71 % and 60 % for SUVmax and 64 % and 63 % for SUVmean, respectively. The summary AUROCs of SUVmax and SUVmean were 0.69 (95 % CI, 0.65-0.73) and 0.68 (95 % CI, 0.64-0.72), respectively. The meta-regression analysis indicated that blindness to EGFR mutation test results, the number of readers and the number of PET/CT scanners were possible causes of heterogeneity. CONCLUSIONS: Our meta-analysis implied that SUVmax and SUVmean of primary lesions from 18F-FDG PET/CT harboured moderate predictive efficacy for the EGFR mutation status of NSCLC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Receptores ErbB/genética , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Mutação , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
11.
Lung Cancer ; 158: 40-46, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34111568

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Pleomorphic lung carcinoma (PLC) is a rare histotype of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) characterized by aggressive clinical course, poor response to therapy and poor prognosis. Therefore, aim of our study is to analyze with 18F-FDG PET/CT a subset of patients affected by PLC to evaluate their metabolic characteristics in terms of SUVmax, MTV and TLG, in order to correlate them with overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 49 consecutive patients with histologically defined PLC occurred to our Institution between 2003 and 2014. All patients underwent F18-FDG PET-CT before surgery and primary tumor was automatically segmented using an isocontour threshold method. SUV threshold for tumor segmentation was defined as the 41 % of lesion SUVmax. Total volume of the segmented VOI (MTV, centimeters cubed) and average SUV (SUVavg, grams per milliliter) in the segmented VOI were measured. RESULTS: In our population men were significantly more affected than women (42:7). According to Youden criteria, SUVmax, MTV41 and TLG41 best cut-off values to predict 2-year mortality were, 18.95, 27.89 and 290.45, respectively, with TLG41 showing best specificity (85 %) and positive predictive value (82.4 %). As concerning 2-year recurrence, SUVmax, MTV41 and TLG41 best cut-off values were 10.08, 27.89 and 134.85, with SUVmax showing best sensitivity (96.7 %) and negative predictive value (85.7 %). ROC curves confirmed that SUVmax, MTV41 and TLG41 were equally accurate to predict 2-year mortality and 2-year recurrence in our population. CONCLUSION: Metabolic biomarkers such as SUVmax, MTV and TLG can be used as a prognostic index for disease progression, recurrence and death in patients with PLC, independently from other clinical/pathological prognostic elements.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Carcinoma , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Prognóstico , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Carga Tumoral
12.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(5): 5444-5454, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34107697

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Skeletal muscle radiodensity is associated with postoperative complications in cancer. However, data on skeletal muscle radiodensity and postoperative complication risk in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are scarce, and this study investigated the relationship between skeletal muscle radiodensity and postoperative complication risk in patients with NSCLC treated by thoracoscopic lobectomy. METHODS: Quantitative and qualitative measurements of the pectoralis muscle were performed on a single axial slice above the aortic arch in the precontrast computed tomography (CT) scan performed before surgery. Sex-specific cutoffs for the pectoralis muscle mass index (PMI) and pectoralis muscle radiodensity (PMD) were set at the lowest tertile. A Clavien-Dindo grade ≥ III within 30 days of the operation was considered as a major complication, and logistic regression analysis was performed to identify risk factors for postoperative complications. RESULTS: The records of 163 consecutive patients with NSCLC receiving first-line thoracoscopic lobectomy between March 2016 and October 2019 were retrospectively reviewed and the PMI was found to be positively correlated with PMD (P<0.001). The PMI and PMD were significantly higher in men than in women (both P<0.001), and 23 (14.1%) patients experienced major postoperative complications. The multivariate analysis showed that male sex (P=0.032), lower body mass index (BMI) (P=0.016), and low PMD (P=0.012) before surgery, but not low PMI, were independent risk factors for major postoperative complications. CONCLUSIONS: Skeletal muscle quality but not muscle mass predicts major complications after thoracoscopic lobectomy for NSCLC. Skeletal muscle measures from the preoperative CT scan may be used to stratify patients with NSCLC into risk categories that can guide clinical decision-making.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Masculino , Músculos Peitorais/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
13.
BMJ Open ; 11(6): e044313, 2021 06 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34103313

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore the diagnostic significance of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/CT for predicting the presence of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). DESIGN: A systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: The PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane library databases were searched from the earliest available date to December 2020. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: The review included primary studies that compared the mean maximum of standard uptake value (SUVmax) between wild-type and mutant EGFR, and evaluated the diagnostic value of 18F-FDG PET/CT using SUVmax for prediction of EGFR status in patients with NSCLC. DATA EXTRACTION AND SYNTHESIS: The main analysis was to assess the sensitivity and specificity, the positive diagnostic likelihood ratio (DLR+) and DLR-, as well as the diagnostic OR (DOR) of SUVmax in prediction of EGFR mutations. Each data point of the summary receiver operator characteristic (SROC) graph was derived from a separate study. A random effects model was used for statistical analysis of the data, and then diagnostic performance for prediction was further assessed. RESULTS: Across 15 studies (3574 patients), the pooled sensitivity for 18F-FDG PET/CT was 0.70 (95% CI 0.60 to 0.79) with a pooled specificity of 0.59 (95% CI 0.52 to 0.66). The overall DLR+ was 1.74 (95% CI 1.49 to 2.03) and DLR- was 0.50 (95% CI 0.38 to 0.65). The pooled DOR was 3.50 (95% CI 2.37 to 5.17). The area under the SROC curve was 0.68 (95% CI 0.64 to 0.72). The likelihood ratio scatter plot based on average sensitivity and specificity was in the lower right quadrant. CONCLUSION: Meta-analysis results showed 18F-FDG PET/CT had low pooled sensitivity and specificity. The low DOR and the likelihood ratio scatter plot indicated that 18F-FDG PET/CT should be used with caution when predicting EGFR mutations in patients with NSCLC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Receptores ErbB/genética , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
14.
Clin Nucl Med ; 46(8): 621-626, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34034316

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF THE REPORT: This article aims to explore the prognostic role of 18F-FDG PET/CT metabolic parameters in stage I lung adenocarcinoma patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred eighty pathological stage I lung adenocarcinoma patients were retrospectively reviewed. Semiquantitative analysis of FDG tumor uptake was performed with TrueD software on the Siemens Leonardo workstation. SUVmean and MTV were calculated using SUV threshold of 41% of SUVmax; the total lesion glycolysis (TLG) was calculated as the product of SUVmean and MTV. Correlation was evaluated using Spearman correlation coefficient. Maximally selected rank statistics was performed to detect the optimal cutoff used for dichotomizing each PET parameter (6.5 for SUVmean, 9.6 for SUVmax, and 19.1 for TLG). RESULTS: Our main finding was the significant correlation between 18F-FDG PET/CT parameters (SUVmean, SUVmax, and TLG) and disease-free survival in pathologic stage I non-small cell lung cancer. SUVmean has the greatest accuracy in recurrence prediction (integrated area under the curve, 0.803; 95% confidence interval, 0.689-0.918). We run the maximally selected rank statistics to provide the classification of observations in 2 groups by a continuous predictor parameter; the free from recurrence rate was significantly greater in patients with SUVmean ≤6.5, SUVmax ≤9.6, and TLG ≤19.1. CONCLUSIONS: Our research supports the hypothesis that SUVmean, SUVmax, and TLG are well correlated with free from recurrence rate in stage I adenocarcinoma patients, subjected to pulmonary lobectomy. Our findings also indicate these markers as promising prognostic indicators.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/cirurgia , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Fluordesoxiglucose F18/metabolismo , Glicólise , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Carga Tumoral
15.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 16(1): 128, 2021 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33980268

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the ability of using mean computed tomography (mCT) values to predict non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tumor recurrence. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on 494 patients with stage IA NSCLC. Receiver operating characteristics analysis was used to assess the ability to use mCT value, C/T ratio, tumor size, and SUV to predict tumor recurrence. Multiple logistic regression analyses were performed to determine the independent variables for the prediction of tumor recurrence. RESULTS: The m-CT values were - 213.7 ± 10.2 Hounsfield Units (HU) for the recurrence group and - 594.1 ± 11.6 HU for the non-recurrence group (p < 0.0001). Recurrence occurred in 45 patients (9.1%). The tumor recurrence group was strongly associated with a high CT attenuation value, high C/T ratio, large solid tumor size, and SUV. The diagnostic value of mCT value was more accurate than the C/T ratio, excluding the pure ground-glass opacity and pure solid (0 < C/T ratio < 100) groups. The SUV and mCT are independent predictive factors of tumor recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: The evaluation of mCT values was useful for predicting recurrence after the limited resection of small-sized NSCLC, and may potentially contribute to the selection of suitable treatment strategies.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumonectomia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma/patologia , Carcinoma/cirurgia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Pulmão/patologia , Pulmão/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(5): 541-545, 2021 May 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34034473

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the value of pre-treatment contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT)-based texture analysis in predicting response to non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) immunotherapy. Methods: From January to July 2018, a total of 51 lesions from 42 patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer receiving immunotherapy at Shanghai Chest Hospital were selected in this retrospective study. Pre-treatment contrast-enhanced CT-based texture features were extracted by MaZda software. Ten optimal texture features were chosen based on three different methods: Fisher coefficient, mutual information measure (MI) and minimization of classification error probability combined average correlation coefficients(POE+ ACC), respectively. According to the efficacy of the first immunotherapy, 51 lesions were divided into non-progressive disease (non-PD, n=26) and progressive disease (PD, n=25). The differences were tested in each texture feature set between the two groups. The immunotherapy effects of target lesions were analyzed by principal component analysis(PCA), linear discriminant analysis (LDA) and nonlinear discriminant analysis (NDA). The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive-predictive value (PPV) and negative-predictive value (NPV) were calculated. The area under the curve (AUC) was used to quantify the predictive accuracy of the three analysis models for each texture feature set and compare them with the actual classification results. Results: In all of three texture feature sets, the texture parameter differences of Perc.50%, Perc.90%, "S(5, 5)SumEntrp" and "S(4, 4)SumEntrp" were higher in PD group than those in non-PD group (all P<0.05). The classification result of texture feature set chosen by POE+ ACC and analyzed by NDA was identified as the best model (AUC=0.802, 95%CI: 0.674-0.930), and its sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, PPV and NPV were 72%, 88.5%, 80.4%, 85.7%, 76.7%, respectively. Conclusion: Pre-treatment contrast-enhanced CT-based texture characteristics of NSCLC may function as non-invasive biomarkers for the evaluation of response to immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/terapia , China , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
18.
Lung Cancer ; 157: 66-74, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33994197

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In patients with NSCLC, current ESTS and ESMO guidelines recommend invasive lymph node (LN) staging with EBUS-TBNA even if FDG-PET/CT is negative for mediastinal LNs if at least one of three risk factors is present (cN1, non-peripheral primary or primary >3 cm). Modified workflows to avoid unnecessary invasive procedures were evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Monocentric retrospective analysis of pretherapeutic FDG-PET/CT in 247 patients with NSCLC (62 % male; age, 68 [43-88] years) using an analog or digital PET/CT scanner. PET windowing was standardized. LNs were positive if 'LN uptake > mediastinal blood pool' or short axis >10 mm. Surgery or EBUS-TBNA served as reference for diagnostic accuracy per LN station. In all patients with negative mediastinal LNs by PET/CT, LN histology from surgery was available. RESULTS: Among 700 L N stations analyzed, 180 were malignant. Sensitivity and specificity of PET/CT per LN station were 93 % and 71 %. Following current guidelines, 76 patients with mediastinal negative PET/CT required confirmatory invasive staging. Only 5/76 patients had unexpected pN2 (all had adenocarcinoma). In a modified approach, confirmatory invasive staging was confined to patients with mediastinal negative PET/CT who showed all three risk factors. Using this modification, EBUS-TBNA could have been omitted in 62 (82 %) of the 76 patients who required EBUS-TBNA based on current recommendation. Among these 62 patients, only one patient had unsuspected pN2 (single-level) while the remaining 61 of 62 omitted EBUS-TBNA were deemed unnecessary because mediastinal LNs were confirmed to be negative. No multi-level pN2 would have been missed. CONCLUSION: In the current analysis, 82 % of EBUS-TBNA procedures in patients with mediastinal negative PET/CT could have been omitted by modifying the current guideline workflow as proposed (i.e., restricting EBUS-TBNA in patients with cN0/1 to those with all three risk factors). This was consistent with different PET/CT scanners. Prospective confirmation is required.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Idoso , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Etiquetas de Sequências Expressas , Feminino , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Linfonodos/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfonodos/patologia , Masculino , Mediastino/diagnóstico por imagem , Mediastino/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Fluxo de Trabalho
19.
Int J Hyperthermia ; 38(1): 640-649, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33882774

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore the outcomes of CT-guided percutaneous microwave ablation (MWA) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients, and then develop an effective nomogram to predict the survival. METHODS: NSCLC patients treated with MWA were randomly allocated to either the training cohort or the validation cohort (3:1). The primary outcome measurement was overall survival (OS), whose predictors were identified by univariate and multivariate analyses in the training cohort. Then, a predictive nomogram was developed to predict the OS, with the predictive accuracy evaluated by C-statistic and receiver operating characteristic in both the training and validation cohorts. RESULTS: A total of 234 patients (training cohort: n = 176; validation cohort: n = 58) and 271 tumors with a median OS of 17.0 ± 12.2 months were included. The predictors selected into the nomogram included tumor diameter (hazard ratio [HR], 2.12; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.37-3.30; p < 0.001), extrapulmonary metastases (HR, 1.77; 95% CI, 1.06-2.95; p = 0.030), tumor stage (HR, 1.38; 95% CI, 1.07-1.79; p = 0.013), tumor type (HR, 2.00; 95% CI, 1.48-2.72; p < 0.001) and post-MWA TKIs (HR, 0.55; 95% CI, 0.34-0.89; p < 0.001), based on the results of univariate and multivariate analyses. The C-statistic showed good predictive performance, with a C-statistic of 0.838 (95% CI, 0.779-0.897) internally and 0.808 (95% CI, 0.695-0.920) externally (training cohort and validation cohort, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The nomogram was effective in predicting the OS in NSCLC patients treated with MWA, and could be applied to identify patients who may benefit most from MWA and be helpful for clinical decision making.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Micro-Ondas , Nomogramas , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
20.
In Vivo ; 35(3): 1829-1836, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33910869

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Preoperative fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG PET-CT) is a non-invasive and useful diagnostic tool to evaluate mediastinal lymph node (LN) metastasis in lung cancer. However, there are often false-positive LN cases in FDG PET-CT. This study aimed to explore the clinical characteristics and outcome of pathologic N0 non-small cell lung cancer patients with false-positive mediastinal LN on FDG PET-CT. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We enrolled 147 patients who underwent preoperative FDG PET-CT scan and mediastinal LN dissection. These patients were re-evaluated for post-operative pathologic nodal metastasis and divided into a false-positive group and a group of others. RESULTS: Among 40 patients diagnosed with clinical N1-3 on FDG PET-CT, 19 (47.5%) patients were pathologic N0, meaning false-positive LN by PET-CT. Preoperative absolute platelet count and platelet-lymphocyte ratio were significantly higher in patients with pathologic N0. The presence of lymphatic invasion was significantly lower in patients with pathologic N0 than in the group of others. Recurrence-free survival was significantly shorter in patients with false positive LN than in patients with true positive LN or true negative LN at the same pathologic stage. CONCLUSION: Higher absolute platelet count and PLR, lower proportion of lymphatic invasion and shorter recurrence-free survival were associated with false positive mediastinal LN on preoperative FDG PET-CT.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Linfonodos/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfonodos/patologia , Metástase Linfática/diagnóstico por imagem , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos
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