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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(51): e23837, 2020 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33371164

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatoma-derived growth factor (HDGF) promotes cancer progression and metastasis by interacting with vascular endothelial growth factor, thereby inducing epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition and angiogenesis. Recent studies have correlated increased HDGF levels with poor prognosis in various malignancies, including lung cancer. This meta-analysis systematically assessed the prognostic significance of HDGF expression in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: Eligible studies were identified by searching literature in PubMed, Embase, Scopus, and the Cochrane library until June 2020. The pooled hazard ratio (HR) or odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was determined to assess the relationship between HDGF expression and clinical outcome in patients with NSCLC. RESULTS: The pooled HRs between high HDGF expression and clinical outcome were 2.20 (95% CI 1.75-2.76, P < .001) and 2.77 (95% CI 1.79-4.29, P < .001) for overall survival and disease-free survival, respectively. High HDGF expression was significantly correlated with a larger tumor size (OR 1.59, 95% CI 1.02-2.46, P = .040). CONCLUSION: HDGF expression is related to clinical outcome and may be a prognostic marker in patients with NSCLC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/sangue , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/análise , Prognóstico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/sangue , Metanálise como Assunto , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
2.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 22(12): 784-787, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33381953

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend testing for multiple biomarkers in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tumors. Blood-based liquid biopsy analyzing cell-free DNA (cfDNA) could be used in addition to tumor biopsy genotyping, especially if tissue/time are limiting. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinical utility of early cfDNA analysis (Guardant360® CDx) in treatment-naïve NSCLC patients. METHODS: A prospective cohort of treatment-naïve patients with metastatic NSCLC who underwent tumor and cfDNA analysis between 12/2018 and 2/2019 were included. RESULTS: Ten patients were included: 6 males, median age 70.5 years (range 48-87), 8 prior smokers. Liquid biopsy was sent when cancer cells were detected in the biopsy specimen. Median time from diagnosis to receiving the report on the last biomarker from the tumor biopsy was 20 days (range 9-34); median time from blood draw to receiving the cfDNA findings was 9 days (range 7-12). The median difference between the cfDNA and the tumor analysis reports was 20 days (range 9-28). Actionable biomarkers were identified in four patients by both the biopsy analysis and the cfDNA analysis (2cases with EGFR mutations, one with ROS1 fusion, and one with EML4-ALK fusion for whom the biopsy analysis also identified an EGFR mutation not detected in the cfDNA analysis). Overall, eight patients received treatment (2 died before treatment initiation). Three patients received biomarker-based treatment (1 osimertinib, 1 alectinib, and 1 crizotinib). CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that cfDNA analysis should be ordered by the pulmonologists early in the evaluation of patients with NSCLC, which might complement the tumor biopsy.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Acrilamidas/uso terapêutico , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/sangue , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Compostos de Anilina/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Carbazóis/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/sangue , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Crizotinibe/uso terapêutico , DNA de Neoplasias/sangue , Feminino , Técnicas de Genotipagem , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/sangue , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Piperidinas/uso terapêutico , Estudos Prospectivos
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(45): e22859, 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33157928

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This article will evaluate the effects of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) combined with chemotherapy on the immune function and quality of life of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and evaluate the published side effects. METHODS: The systematic review and meta-analysis will be conducted in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis guidelines. The databases we will search include: PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, China Biomedicine, Wan fang Data, and Technology Periodical Database. The search date is from inception to June 30, 2020. There are no restrictions on the document language. The literatures included in this study are randomized controlled trials. The main results include ratio of CD3, CD4, CD8, CD4/CD8, NK cells, the level of IgA, IgG, IgM, and Karnofsky performance status score. The secondary result is to evaluate various side effects during treatment. We will use the Cochrane Collaboration tool to evaluate each study and use Review Manager software (RevMan, version 5.3) to merge and analyze the data. The 2 researchers will independently cross-screen the literature, extract data, and evaluate the quality. If there are differences, we will resolve them through discussion or consultation with a third reviewer. RESULTS: The results of this study will provide high-quality evidence for the effect of TCM combined with chemotherapy on the immune function and quality of life of patients with NSCLC. CONCLUSION: This article will comprehensively evaluate the effects of TCM combined with chemotherapy on the immune function and quality of life of patients with NSCLC, and provide evidence-based evidence for clinical practice. ETHICS: Since the data used in this study is based on previous trials and does not involve patient privacy, ethical approval is not required. STUDY REGISTRATION NUMBER: INPLASY202070071.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/terapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Qualidade de Vida , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Complexo CD3/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/sangue , Humanos , Isotipos de Imunoglobulinas/sangue , Células Matadoras Naturais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/sangue , Metanálise como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(46): e23150, 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33181687

RESUMO

Epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKIs) have become the preferred therapy as first-line treatment of non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring sensitizing EGFR mutations. However, the prognostic indicators are limited. The present study aimed to assess the prognostic value of immune-inflammation factors, fibrinogen-albumin ratio index (FARI), neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in EGFR-Mutant lung adenocarcinoma patients receiving first-generation EGFR-TKIs treatment.194 patients were included in this retrospective analysis. FARI was calculated as fibrinogen / albumin. Receiver operating characteristic curve was used to evaluate the optimal cut-off value for FARI, NLR, and PLR to progression free survival (PFS). Univariate and multivariate survival analysis were performed to identify factors correlated with PFS and overall survival (OS).Applying cut-offs of ≥0.08 (FARI), ≥3.28 (NLR), and ≥273.85 (PLR), higher FARI or NLR was associated with worse Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG PS) (P = .018, .002, respectively), and there were more males in high NLR group (P = .043). In univariate analysis, ECOG PS status, NLR, PLR, and FARI were significantly associated with PFS (P = .017, .004, <.001, .001, respectively) as well as OS (P < .001, = .001, .002, .023, respectively). In multivariate analysis, PLR (hazard ratios [HR] 1.692; 95% CI 1.054-2.715; P = .029) and FARI (HR 1.496; 95% CI 1.031-2.172; P = .034) were independent prognostic factors for PFS. While only ECOG PS status (HR 2.052; 95% CI 1.272-3.310; P = .003) was independently correlated with OS.FARI is independently associated with PFS in EGFR-Mutant lung adenocarcinoma patients receiving first-line EGFR-TKIs treatment.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Receptores ErbB/genética , Fibrinogênio/análise , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Albumina Sérica Humana/análise , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/sangue , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/patologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Contagem de Células Sanguíneas/métodos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/sangue , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e21965, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019389

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation status related to the treatment approach for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of peripheral blood circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) in EGFR mutated advanced NSCLC patients. METHOD: The related database was systematically searched with keywords until January 19, 2020. Studies contained the histopathological and cytological advanced NSCLC samples were included, and the diagnostic data were recorded for calculating sensitivity and specificity. I statistics were used for detecting heterogeneity across studies, and the meta-regression was performed to seek the source of heterogeneity. RESULT: A total of 32 studies with 4527 advanced NSCLC patients were included in our meta-analysis. Among them, 87% of the patients were diagnosed as stage IV. The pooled sensitivity of peripheral blood ctDNA was 0.70 (95% CI: 0.63-0.75, I = 81.76) and the pooled specificity was 0.98 (95% CI: 0.96-0.99, I = 88.33). The meta-regression showed that the prospective study design and the ARMS detection method were the main source of heterogeneity for sensitivity (P < .05), and the publication country (Asia or non-Asia) was the main source of heterogeneity for specificity (P < .01). CONCLUSION: ctDNA biopsy has high specificity and diagnostic accuracy in detection of EGFR mutation in advanced NSCLC patients. When the ctDNA gene test result is negative, we should fully consider the risk of missed diagnosis, and further tissue biopsy is still needed to undertake.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , DNA Tumoral Circulante/sangue , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Biomarcadores/sangue , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/sangue , Receptores ErbB/sangue , Feminino , Testes Genéticos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Estudos Prospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
6.
BMC Pulm Med ; 20(1): 235, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32873264

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteopontin (OPN) is closely related to tumor occurrence and metastasis. This study explored the clinical value of serum OPN levels in small cell lung cancer (SCLC) patients. METHODS: The ELISA method was used to determine the OPN level of 96 SCLC patients before and after first-line chemotherapy, and compared with 60 healthy controls. RESULTS: The serum OPN level of SCLC patients before treatment was significantly higher than that of the healthy control (P < 0.001). Serum OPN levels were related to disease stage, tumor size, and lymph node metastasis (P = 0.012, 0.034, and 0.037, respectively). Serum OPN level decreased after first-line chemotherapy (P = 0.019), which was related to treatment response (P = 0.011). The serum OPN level was an independent predictor of overall survival. CONCLUSIONS: The serum OPN level can be used as a biomarker to predict treatment response and survival of SCLC patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/sangue , Neoplasias Pulmonares/sangue , Osteopontina/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida
7.
Anticancer Res ; 40(10): 5577-5582, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988881

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Clusters of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) increase metastatic potential compared to single CTC. However, conventional technologies have been unable to generate an accurate analysis of single and cluster CTCs in the peripheral blood. We propose an effective strategy to detect and isolate both single and cluster CTCs using two size-selective microfilters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five ml of whole blood were collected from 10 patients with epidermal growth factor receptor mutation-positive non-small cell lung cancer. Single and cluster CTCs were identified using precision microfiltration membranes with two distinct pore sizes together with anti-EpCAM antibody labeling. RESULTS: Single and cluster CTCs were detected by simultaneously using two size-selective microfilters. The EGFR-L858R mutation was detected in the DNA from cells captured using both microfilters. CONCLUSION: Our method can be used to detect and isolate single and cluster CTCs in the whole blood and may facilitate the development of a liquid biopsy strategy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/sangue , DNA Tumoral Circulante/sangue , Molécula de Adesão da Célula Epitelial/sangue , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Separação Celular , Feminino , Humanos , Biópsia Líquida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação/genética , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/patologia
8.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 16(4): 731-736, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32930111

RESUMO

Background: Chronic state of inflammation is an important factor in advanced cancer which is used by tumor cells for maintaining survival and growth. Hematological parameters such as neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), thrombocyte/lymphocyte ratio (TLR), and lymphocyte/monocyte ratio (LMR) are reliable indicators of systemic inflammation. We aimed to elucidate the effect of hematological parameters and clinical features of patients on the prognosis of advanced-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: We included 102 Stage IV NSCLC patients who presented to the oncology clinic between 2010 and 2016. Pretreatment clinical parameters and NLR, TLR, and LMR were retrieved from the medical records. The cutoff values, calculated with receiver operating curve analysis, for NLR, LMR, and TLR were 2.5, 3, and 183, respectively. All patients were divided into two groups according to cutoff values and analyzed accordingly. Results: Median overall survival and progression-free survival were 10 and 6 months, respectively. In univariate analysis, high NLR, high TLR, and low LMR were found to be significantly associated with survival. Among clinical parameters having eastern cooperative oncology group performance score 0-1, older age (≥70 years) single metastatic disease was prognostic. In multivariate Cox regression analysis, only the number of metastatic lesions and LMR were found to be independent predictors for survival. Conclusion: Among hematological parameters, only LMR was found to be an independent predictor of survival in patients with advanced-stage NSCLC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Inflamação/sangue , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neutrófilos/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Biomarcadores Tumorais/imunologia , Plaquetas/imunologia , Plaquetas/patologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/sangue , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/sangue , Neoplasias Pulmonares/imunologia , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monócitos/imunologia , Monócitos/patologia , Metástase Neoplásica , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 16(4): 843-849, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32930128

RESUMO

Background: Somatic mutations of the gene encoding epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) are detected in approximately 30%-50% of patients with non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC), so detection of EGFR mutation is the pivotal step of treatment in patients with advanced NSCLC. However, difficulty in obtaining sufficient tissue and bias from the heterogeneity of the tumor samples are the major obstacles. Although analyzing EGFR with circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) in plasma is a breakthrough, accuracy is the problem in variable methods. Peptide nucleic acid (PNA) clamping-assisted fluorescence melting curve analysis (PANAMutyper®) is a novel and highly sensitive method of detecting EGFR mutation in tumor tissues. Aims and Objectives: This study was designed to evaluate PANAMutyper® for detecting EGFR mutation with ctDNA of patients with lung cancer. Materials and Methods: EGFR mutation status detected by PNA clamp with tissue samples and by PANAMutyper® with ctDNA was compared. Tissue biopsy was done in 158 patients with lung tumor, in which 23 cases were excluded and 135 cases were enrolled. EGFR mutation rate was 23.0% (31/135) in overall patients. All the plasma samples of the cases with mutant EGFR in tissue samples were verified by an already known highly sensitive method of droplet digital polymerase chain reaction (ddPCR). Results: The concordance rate of tissue and plasma samples was 91.9% (124/135). The sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value, and positive predictive value were 64.5%, 100%, 90.4%, and 100%, respectively, according to the tissue samples as a standard. PANAMutyper® method was not inferior to ddPCR for the detection of EGFR mutation including T790M with ctDNA. These results suggest that the detection of EGFR mutation status using ctDNA in plasma by PANAMutyper® is a feasible test prior to tissue biopsy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , DNA Tumoral Circulante/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Mutação , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/sangue , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Receptores ErbB/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/sangue , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
10.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 16(4): 855-859, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32930130

RESUMO

Background: Ghrelin plays a role in mechanisms related to cancer progression - including cell proliferation, invasion and migration, and resistance to apoptosis in the cell lines from several cancers. We investigated the role of ghrelin levels in cancer cachexia-anorexia in patients with locally advanced nonsmall-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with chemoradiotherapy (CRT). Materials and Methods: This study involved 84 NSCLC patients who had received concomitant CRT. Blood ghrelin levels were compared before and 3 months after CRT. Meanwhile, changes in body weight of the patients were also investigated with changes in ghrelin levels before and after CRT. Results: Ghrelin levels were significantly decreased in line with changes in patients' weights in patients receiving CRT (P < 0.001). Serum albumin levels and inflammatory-nutritional index were significantly decreased after radiotherapy (RT) (3.01 ± 0.40 g/dL, 0.38 ± 0.20) when compared with its baseline levels (3.40 ± 0.55 g/dL,P < 0.001; 0.86 ± 0.71,P < 0.001, respectively). Serum C-reactive protein levels were significantly increased after CRT (7.49 ± 6.53 mg/L) when compared with its baseline levels (9.54 ± 3.80 mg/L,P = 0.038). After RT, ghrelin levels in patients were positively correlated with body mass index (r = 0.830,P < 0.001) and albumin (r = 0.758,P < 0.001). Conclusion: Ghrelin may play a role in the pathogenesis of weight loss in NSCLC patients. Ghrelin seems to be implicated in cancer-related weight loss. Ghrelin, cancer, and RT all together have a role in tumor-related anorexia-cachexia in patients with NSCLC. Results of this study need further evaluation as regards to its potential role as an adjuvant diagnostic or prognostic marker.


Assuntos
Caquexia/sangue , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/sangue , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/terapia , Grelina/sangue , Neoplasias Pulmonares/sangue , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Índice de Massa Corporal , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Caquexia/diagnóstico , Caquexia/etiologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Quimiorradioterapia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Albumina Sérica Humana/metabolismo
11.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(40): 25036-25042, 2020 10 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32943537

RESUMO

Minimally invasive testing for early detection of lung cancer to improve patient survival is a major unmet clinical need. This study aimed to develop and validate a serum multi-microRNA (multimiR) panel as a minimally invasive test for early detection of nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) regardless of smoking status, gender, and ethnicity. Our study included 744 NSCLC cases and 944 matched controls, including smokers and nonsmokers, male and female, with Asian and Caucasian subjects. Using RT-qPCR and a tightly controlled workflow, we quantified the absolute expression of 520 circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) in a Chinese cohort of 180 early stage NSCLC cases and 216 healthy controls (male smokers). Candidate biomarkers were verified in two case-control cohorts of 432 Chinese and 218 Caucasians, respectively (including females and nonsmokers). A multimiR panel for NSCLC detection was developed using a twofold cross-validation and validated in three additional Asian cohorts comprising 642 subjects. We discovered 35 candidate miRNA biomarkers, verified 22 of them, and developed a five-miR panel that detected NSCLC with area under curve (AUC) of 0.936-0.984 in the discovery and verification cohorts. The panel was validated in three independent cohorts with AUCs of 0.973, 0.916, and 0.917. The sensitivity of five-miR test was 81.3% for all stages, 82.9% for stages I and II, and 83.0% for stage I NSCLC, when the specificity is at 90.7%. We developed a minimally invasive five-miR serum test for detecting early stage NSCLC and validated its performance in multiple patient cohorts independent of smoking status, gender, and ethnicity.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/sangue , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , MicroRNAs/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(31): e21254, 2020 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32756103

RESUMO

Retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4), as an adipokine, has been identified to be associated with several types of cancer. However, no studies have assessed its effect on non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) risk. The objective of this study was to assess the association between serum RBP4 levels and the risk of NSCLC.A case-control study design was used to recruit 256 confirmed NSCLC cases and 256 age- and gender-matched healthy controls by frequency between August 2017 and January 2019. Serum RBP4 was measured using enzyme-linked immune absorbent assay before treatment. Unconditional logistic regression analysis was applied to estimate the odds ratio and 95% confidence interval (CI).Serum RBP4 level was significantly higher in NSCLC patients than those in the healthy control group (36.05 ±â€Š8.28 vs 29.54 ±â€Š7.71 µg/mL, P < .05). Higher serum RBP4 level was associated with increased risk of NSCLC (P trend = .001). Compare with those in the lowest tertile, the adjusted odds ratios were 1.85 (95% CIs 1.07-3.2) (P = .029) for the second tertile and 2.18 (95% CIs 1.37-3.45) (P = .001) for the highest tertile after adjusting for confounding variables. No interactions were observed after stratified analyses by body mass index and smoking status (P for interaction: .584 and .357).Our study indicated that serum RBP4 level was positively related to the risk of NSCLC. Additional studies with prospective design are required to confirm this finding.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/sangue , Neoplasias Pulmonares/sangue , Proteínas Plasmáticas de Ligação ao Retinol/metabolismo , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
13.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237947, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32833961

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide, with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounting for 85% of all lung cancer cases. Inflammation has been proven to be one of the characteristics of malignant tumors. Chronic inflammatory response mediated by cytokines in the tumor microenvironment is an important factor in tumorigenesis. The purpose of this study was to observe and evaluate the value of red blood cell distribution width (RDW), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and hemoglobin-to-red blood cell distribution width ratio (HRR) in the progression of NSCLC. METHODS: A total of 245 patients with NSCLC, 97 patients with benign pulmonary nodules, and 94 healthy volunteers were included in this study. Factors, such as age, gender, smoking history, histological type, lymph node metastasis, distant metastasis, TNM stage, and differentiation degree were statistically analyzed. The correlation of RDW, NLR, and HRR of patients with NSCLC with other clinical experimental parameters were also analyzed. Then, the diagnostic value of RDW, NLR, and HRR in the progression of NSCLC was evaluated. RESULTS: RDW, NLR, and HRR could be used to distinguish patients with NSCLC from healthy controls (p < 0.05). In addition, only the RDW in the NSCLC group with III-IV stage was significantly different from that in the benign pulmonary nodules group (p = 0.033), while NLR and HRR could significantly distinguish patients with NSCLC and benign pulmonary nodules (p < 0.001). RDW and NLR were positively correlated with NSCLC stage, whereas HRR was negatively correlated with NSCLC stage. RDW, NLR, and HRR were also significantly associated with the differentiation degree of NSCLC (p < 0.05). The ROC curve analysis showed that the combination of RDW with NLR, HRR, and CEA could show significantly higher diagnostic value than any one marker alone (AUC = 0.925, 95% CI: 0.897-0.954, and sensitivity and specificity of 79.60% and 93.60%, respectively). CONCLUSION: RDW, NLR, and HRR can be utilized as simple and effective biomarkers for the diagnosis and evaluation of NSCLC progression.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/imunologia , Progressão da Doença , Eritrócitos/citologia , Hemoglobinas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/imunologia , Linfócitos/citologia , Neutrófilos/citologia , Idoso , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/sangue , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Contagem de Células , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/sangue , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 146(10): 2621-2630, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32661602

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) phenotype-based subsets of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) might be predictors of tumor progression. We evaluated the clinical properties of different phenotypic CTCs in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Secondly, we explored the association between different phenotypic CTCs and the uptake of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) by the primary tumor on a positron emission tomographic (PET) scan. METHODS: Venous blood samples from 34 pathologically confirmed Stage IIB-IVB NSCLC patients were collected prospectively. CTCs were immunoassayed using a SE-i·FISH®CTC kit. We identified CTCs into cytokeratin positive (CK+) and cytokeratin negative (CK-) phenotypes. CTC classifications were correlated with the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) measured by 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT). Overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) curves were produced using the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: CTCs were detected in 91.2% of NSCLC patients. CTC counting was associated with TNM stage (P = 0.014) and distant metastasis (P = 0.007). The number of CK-CTCs was also positively associated with TNM stage (P = 0.022) and distant metastasis (P = 0.007). Both total CTC counting and CK-CTC counting did not show association with SUVmax value (P = 0.959, P = 0.903). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis demonstrated that patients with ≥ 7 CTCs had shorter OS (P = 0.003) and PFS (P = 0.001) relative to patients with < 7 CTCs). Notably, the number of CK-CTCs can act as independent risk factors for PFS (P = 0.044) and OS (P = 0.043) in NSCLC patients. However, SUVmax value was not associated with OS (P = 0.895) and PFS (P = 0.686). CONCLUSION: The CTC subpopulations could be useful evidence for testing metastasis and prognosis in NSCLC patients. The SUVmax value of the primary tumor was not related to prognosis in patients with NSCLC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Fluordesoxiglucose F18/farmacocinética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/patologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/sangue , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias Pulmonares/sangue , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/metabolismo , Fenótipo , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos
15.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3662, 2020 07 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32699280

RESUMO

Large-scale, unbiased proteomics studies are constrained by the complexity of the plasma proteome. Here we report a highly parallel protein quantitation platform integrating nanoparticle (NP) protein coronas with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry for efficient proteomic profiling. A protein corona is a protein layer adsorbed onto NPs upon contact with biofluids. Varying the physicochemical properties of engineered NPs translates to distinct protein corona patterns enabling differential and reproducible interrogation of biological samples, including deep sampling of the plasma proteome. Spike experiments confirm a linear signal response. The median coefficient of variation was 22%. We screened 43 NPs and selected a panel of 5, which detect more than 2,000 proteins from 141 plasma samples using a 96-well automated workflow in a pilot non-small cell lung cancer classification study. Our streamlined workflow combines depth of coverage and throughput with precise quantification based on unique interactions between proteins and NPs engineered for deep and scalable quantitative proteomic studies.


Assuntos
Proteínas Sanguíneas/análise , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Coroa de Proteína/análise , Proteômica/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Proteínas Sanguíneas/química , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/sangue , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nanopartículas/química , Projetos Piloto , Coroa de Proteína/química , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Fatores de Tempo
16.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0236523, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32702075

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gefitinib is an orally potent and selective ATP-competitive inhibitor of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase and is commonly used to treat locally advanced or metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with sensitive EGFR mutations. Multiple adverse effects associated with gefitinib, including liver and lung injuries, severe nausea, and diarrhea, have limited its clinical application. Xenobiotic-induced bioactivation is thought to be an important reason for gefitinib toxicity, which encouraged us to clarify the metabolism of gefitinib in NSCLC patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with triple quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLCQ-TOF-MS) method was established to tentatively identify the metabolites of gefitinib in human plasma. The extracted ion chromatogram peak intensity threshold was set at 1500 cps with minimum MS and MS/MS peak intensities of 400 and 100 cps, respectively. RESULTS: A total of 18 tentative metabolites were identified. Eight novel tentative metabolites with metabolic changes in dechlorination, defluorination, and hydrogenation on the quinazoline skeleton; removal of a partial or complete 3-chloro-4-fluoroaniline-substituted group; and sulfate conjugation and taurine conjugation were newly discovered in human plasma. Based on structural analysis of the tentative metabolites, the metabolic pathways were proposed. In addition, the pathways of dechlorination, defluorination, and hydrogenation on the quinazoline skeleton; removal of partial or complete 3-chloro-4-fluoroaniline-substituted groups; and sulfate conjugation and taurine conjugation in humans in vivo indicate that novel metabolic pathways exist in humans. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, the metabolism of gefitinib in humans in vivo is extensive and complex. Based on in vivo evidence, the propoxy-morpholine ring side chain and O-methyl group are the critical metabolic regions of gefitinib in humans. The novel metabolic pathways differ from those of in vitro studies, suggesting that intestinal floral metabolism might be involved.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/sangue , Gefitinibe/química , Neoplasias Pulmonares/sangue , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Gefitinibe/sangue , Gefitinibe/metabolismo , Gefitinibe/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
17.
Anticancer Res ; 40(7): 3889-3896, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32620629

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have an important role in lung cancer therapy. Although the programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-L1) tumor proportion score (TPS) and tumor mutational burden are known prognostic factors, they are insufficient to predict clinical outcomes. This study was conducted to identify novel biomarkers for ICI treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed univariable and multivariable analyses of 110 patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who were treated with an ICI to identify novel biomarkers related to prognosis. We assessed their backgrounds, such as performance status (PS), PD-L1 TPS, smoking status, and peripheral white blood cell counts at baseline and on the day the second course of ICI administration. RESULTS: In the multivariable analysis, PS, driver gene, immune-related adverse events, and post-treatment absolute neutrophil counts (post-ANCs) were significantly associated with progression-free survival. CONCLUSION: A high level of post-ANCs was associated with poor outcome in ICI-treated NSCLC patients.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Biomarcadores Tumorais/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/sangue , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/sangue , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígeno B7-H1/antagonistas & inibidores , Antígeno B7-H1/imunologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nivolumabe/administração & dosagem , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Anticancer Res ; 40(7): 4023-4027, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32620647

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Different tumor markers and systemic inflammation have been linked with cancer development and poor outcome. We aimed to establish a novel non-invasive prognostic index for patients with resectable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) based on serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and C-reactive protein (CRP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Four hundred and sixty-two patients curatively resected for NSCLC between 2008 and 2014 were included. All patients with a follow-up period of less than 5 years were omitted. The geometric mean of the normalized serum CEA and CRP levels was used as a novel tumor marker and inflammation index (TMII). The cut-off value of TMII was determined by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to identify the relative risk factors for survival. RESULTS: ROC curve analysis revealed a TMII cut-off value of 0.46. The group with high TMII displayed more adverse clinical characteristics. Furthermore, compared to patients with low TMII, the group with high TMII had significantly poorer survival. On multivariate analysis, TMII was independently associated with survival. CONCLUSION: We established a novel prognostic index (TMII) based on serum CEA and CRP. Preoperative TMII may predict poor outcomes in patients with NSCLC.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Antígeno Carcinoembrionário/sangue , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/sangue , Inflamação/sangue , Neoplasias Pulmonares/sangue , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Feminino , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/sangue , Humanos , Inflamação/mortalidade , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Masculino , Prognóstico
20.
Asia Pac J Clin Oncol ; 16(4): 280-286, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32525285

RESUMO

AIM: To assess the exosomal miR-21/Let-7a ratio, a noninvasive method, in distinguishing non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) from benign pulmonary diseases. METHODS: The exosomes were extracted from the peripheral blood serum using serum exosomal extraction kit. miR-21 and Let-7a levels were evaluated by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: We found that miR-21/Let-7a ratio of NSCLC patients was significantly higher than that of healthy people, patients with pulmonary inflammation diseases, and benign pulmonary nodules, respectively. Receiver-operating characteristic analysis revealed that as compared with healthy controls, miR-21/Let-7a produced the area under the curve (AUC) at 0.8029 in patients with NSCLC, which helped to distinguish NSCLC from healthy controls with 81.33% sensitivity and 69.57% specificity. In addition, the AUC of miR-21/Let-7a in NSCLC patients was 0.8196 in comparison to patients with pulmonary inflammation diseases. Meanwhile, the sensitivity and specificity were 56.00% and 100%, respectively. Furthermore, compared with patients with benign pulmonary nodules, the AUC of miR-21/Let-7a in NSCLC patients was 0.7539. The sensitivity and specificity were 56.00% and 82.61%, respectively. CONCLUSION: In the present study, our findings revealed that exosomal miR-21/Let-7a ratio holds considerable promise as a noninvasive biomarker for the diagnosis of NSCLC from benign pulmonary diseases.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
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