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1.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 39(4): 425-433, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34409798

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of circ_0005379 on the proliferation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cells and its mechanism. METHODS: Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to detect the expression levels of circ_0005379 and miR-17-5p in OSCC tissues and SCC15 cell lines. Western blot was used to detect the expression levels of acyl-CoA oxidase 1 (ACOX1). The circ_0005379 overexpression vector was transfected into SCC15 cells. Methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium blue staining, flow cytometry, Transwell, and Western blot were used to detect the effects of circ_0005379 overexpression on the proliferation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion of SCC15 cells and the expression of E-cadherin, ß-catenin, and Snail proteins. Dual luciferase reporter assay and RNA immunoprecipitation were used to examine the regulation of circ_0005379, miR-17-5p, miR-17-5p, and ACOX1 in SCC15 cells. A nude mouse xenograft model of SCC15 cells stably overexpressing circ_0005379 was established, and the effect of circ_0005379 overexpression on the growth of xenografts in nude mice was observed. RESULTS: Compared with adjacent cancer tissues, the expression levels of circ_0005379 and ACOX1 proteins in OSCC tissues were decreased (P<0.05), and the expression level of miR-17-5p was increased (P<0.05). Compared with HOK-16A cells, the expression levels of circ_0005379 and ACOX1 proteins in SCC15 cell lines were decreased (P<0.05), and the expression level of miR-17-5p was increased (P<0.05). After overexpressing circ_0005379, the activity and number of migrating and invading SCC15 cells and the expression levels of ß-catenin and Snail proteins were decreased (P<0.05); however, the apoptosis rate and expression level of E-cadherin protein were increased (P<0.05). In SCC15 cells, circ_0005379 targeted the negative regulation of miR-17-5p expression, and miR-17-5p targeted the negative regulation of ACOX1 expression. Overexpressing miR-17-5p or silencing ACOX1 could reverse the effects of circ_0005379 overexpression on the proliferation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion of OSCC cell lines. The tumor volume and weight of nude mice overexpressing circ_0005379 were decreased (P<0.05), the expression levels of circ_0005379 and ACOX1 protein in tumor tissues were increased (P<0.05), and the expression level of miR-17-5p was decreased (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: circ_0005379 may inhibit the proliferation, migration, and invasion of OSCC cells by downregulating the expression of miR-17-5p and upregulating ACOX1, which promote apoptosis and inhibit tumor growth in vivo. circ_0005379 may be a potential target for OSCC treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , MicroRNAs , Neoplasias Bucais , Acil-CoA Oxidase , Animais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Proliferação de Células , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Neoplasias Bucais/genética , RNA Circular , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço
2.
Arch Oral Biol ; 130: 105219, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34364169

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the role and molecular regulatory mechanisms of baicalin in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) progression. DESIGN: Gene expression in OSCC cells was detected by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). OSCC cell viability, migration, invasion and stemness were measured by 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT), 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU), wound healing, Transwell, and sphere formation assays. The target genes of miR-106b-5p were predicted using bioinformatic tools. The interaction between microRNA-miR-106b-5p (miR-106b-5p) and disabled homolog 2 (DAB2) was confirmed by a luciferase reporter assay. TOP/FOP-Flash reporter assay and western blot analysis were used to analyze the activity of the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway. RESULTS: Baicalin inhibited OSCC cell viability, migration, invasion, and stemness. Baicalin downregulated miR-106b-5p expression. In addition, MiR-106b-5p upregulation reversed the effects of baicalin on OSCC cells. As a target gene of miR-106b-5p, DAB2 was negatively regulated by miR-106b-5p and upregulated by baicalin in OSCC cells. MiR-106b-5p activated Wnt/ß-catenin pathway in OSCC cells by inhibiting DAB2. Baicalin suppressed Wnt/ß-catenin pathway by upregulating DAB2. In rescue assays, miR-106b-5p overexpression-induced promotion of OSCC cellular processes was attenuated by DAB2 upregulation. CONCLUSIONS: Baicalin exerts anti-tumor effects in OSCC by inhibiting the miR-106b-5p-Wnt/ß-catenin pathway via upregulating DAB2.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , MicroRNAs , Neoplasias Bucais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Flavonoides , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Neoplasias Bucais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Bucais/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço , Via de Sinalização Wnt , beta Catenina/genética , beta Catenina/metabolismo
3.
Indian J Med Res ; 153(4): 484-491, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34380795

RESUMO

Background & objectives: Lingual squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) pose a major public health burden in India. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is the conversion of an epithelial cell to a mesenchymal phenotype at the invasive front (IF) enhancing invasiveness of these cells which may be studied using immunohistochemistry. The objective of this study was to assess the expression of E-cadherin and vimentin at the IF, and their correlation with the histological risk assessment score, clinicopathological parameters and lymph node metastasis. Methods: Thirty consecutive untreated patients diagnosed as lingual SCC who underwent hemiglossectomy over one year formed the study group. The immunohistochemical expression of E-cadherin and vimentin in the periphery as well as the centre of tumour islands was correlated with clinicopathological parameters, Brandwein-Gensler risk assessment score and lymph node metastasis, along with a correlation between the coexpression of two markers at the IF. Results: Loss of E-cadherin expression was seen at IF in 83.3 per cent (25/30) cases. Out of these, 20 per cent (5/25) showed a corresponding gain in vimentin expression (complete epithelial-mesenchymal transition) and 80 per cent (20/25) did not. Overall, 16.6 per cent (5/30) cases showed complete EMT. However, no correlation between E- cadherin and vimentin expression at the IF was found. No statistical significance was found between E-cadherin loss and vimentin gain at the IF, with the various parameters or the risk score. Interpretation & conclusions: The present study suggests that the cells at IF may metastasize even without a gain in vimentin expression (without classical EMT), as cohesive clusters showing incomplete EMT (E-cadh-/Vim-).


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Caderinas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Humanos , Prognóstico , Vimentina/genética
4.
Arch Oral Biol ; 129: 105214, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34333230

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Dysregulated DNA methylation is common in cancers and is considered one of the most important triggers in cancer development and progression. The expression and promoter methylation status of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) H19 play a key role in several cancers, but its role is unclear in oral cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential of lncRNA H19 as a prognostic biomarker for oral cancer. DESIGNS: The transcript levels and the methylation status of lncRNA H19 in OSCC cell lines and OSCC patient tissues were investigated by quantitative real-time RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) and methylation-specific PCR (MSP). Methylation ratio (%) were calculated from the intensity of the MSP in the gel image and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis of OSCC patient survival was performed for patients grouped according to the lncRNA H19 promoter methylation ratio. RESULTS: lncRNA H19 was highly expressed and its promoter region was hypomethylated in OSSC cell lines as compared to normal control. Almost all OSCC patients tissues (63 out of 65, 97 %) showed hypomethylation of lncRNA H19 compared to normal oral mucosa tissues. There was a significant correlation between methylation ratio and tumor histopathologic grade. OSCC patients with hypomethylation of lncRNA H19 had a significantly lower 5-year survival rate. CONCLUSIONS: Hypomethylation of lncRNA H19 may serve as a potential prognostic biomarker for oral cancer.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Neoplasias Bucais , RNA Longo não Codificante , Biomarcadores , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Metilação de DNA , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Bucais/genética , Prognóstico , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço
5.
J Obstet Gynaecol Res ; 47(9): 3310-3321, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34219322

RESUMO

AIM: We aimed to screen for the genes related to survival prognosis of cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC) and then constructed a prognosis prediction model. METHODS: The GSE63514 dataset was obtained from the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO). The CSCC gene dataset and the GSE44001 dataset were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas and NCBI GEO, respectively. The Kaplan-Meier (KM) curve was used to evaluate the association between high and low prognosis that was with the actual survival prognosis information. The Cox proportional hazards model was used to screen out the optimized prognostic-related signature differentially expressed gene (DEG) combinations. Gene set enrichment analysis was used to perform pathway enrichment annotation analysis for DEGs that were related to risk grouping. RESULTS: In total, 16 399 DEGs were obtained and 23 gene ontology biological processes and 8 Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathways were screened. Nine optimized DEG groups related to independent prognosis were selected. The KM curves of pathologic N0 and N1 showed that low-risk group were associated with a better overall survival (p = 1.518e; p = 1.704e-01). The pathways related to risk grouping were cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, JAK stat signaling pathway, and glycolysis-gluconeogenesis. CONCLUSION: On the basis of this study, we established a prognostic risk model, which provided a reliable prognostic tool and was of great significance for locating the biomarkers related to survival prognosis in CSCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Feminino , Ontologia Genética , Humanos , Prognóstico
6.
J Int Med Res ; 49(7): 3000605211014379, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34232796

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression levels and mechanisms of microRNA (miRNA) 26a (miR-26a) and phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) in patients with human papillomavirus (HPV)-induced condyloma acuminatum (CA) and penile squamous cell carcinoma (PSCC). METHODS: Thirty-one patients with HPV-positive CA and 28 with HPV-positive PSCC were included in this retrospective, cross-sectional study. PTEN mRNA and miR-26a levels in lesion tissues, blood, and urine were analyzed by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, and PTEN protein was detected by western blot and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Cell proliferation was assessed by MTT assay. The interaction between miR-26a and PTEN was predicted by bioinformatics analysis and confirmed by dual luciferase reporter assay. RESULTS: PTEN mRNA and protein levels were significantly lower and miR-26a levels were significantly higher in all samples from patients with PSCC compared with the CA group. Bioinformatics analysis and luciferase reporter assay confirmed PTEN as a target gene of miR-26a. Up-regulation of miR-26a significantly increased the proliferation of Penl1 PSCC cells. CONCLUSIONS: PTEN expression is down-regulated and miR-26a levels are up-regulated in PSCC compared with CA. PTEN is a direct target gene of miR-26a. These results suggest that miR-26a might regulate HPV-positive progression from CA to PSCC through modulating PTEN.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , MicroRNAs , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Proliferação de Células , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(7): 795-800, 2021 Jul 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34289575

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the value of (18)F-fluorodeoxy glucose ((18)F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET-CT) in predicting the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations in patients with lung squamous cell carcinoma. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data and (18)F-FDG PET-CT imaging data of 206 patients with lung squamous cell carcinoma confirmed by pathology and underwent EGFR mutation test in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from June 2013 to October 2018. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed to quantify the predictive value of maximum standard uptake value (SUV(max)), metabolic tumor volume (MTV), total lesion glycolysis (TLG). The Chi-squared test was used to assess the difference in PET parameters. A multivariate Logistic regression analysis was performed to yield the parameters with statistic difference. Results: All of 206 patients with lung squamous cell carcinoma showed a high (18)F-FDG uptake. The median of SUV(max), MTV and TLG were 19.14, 37.69 cm(3) and 291.73, respectively. Among the 206 patients, EGFR mutations were identified in 14 cases, including 7 with exon 21 (L858R) mutation, 6 with exon 19 mutation and 1 with exon 20 mutation. ROC curve showed that the AUC of SUV(max), MTV and TLG were 0.624 (95% CI=0.454-0.794, P=0.122), 0.892 (95% CI=0.811-0.973, P<0.001) and 0.860 (95% CI=0.768-0.952, P<0.001), respectively. The median SUV(max) (19.14) was used as the cutoff points due to the small value of AUC. The cutoff point of MTV was 20.09 cm(3), the cutoff point of TLG was 211.07. Univariate analysis showed that the sex, smoking history, M stage, MTV and TLG were associated with EGFR mutations (all P<0.05). Logistic multivariate analysis showed that the sex, smoking history and TLG were the independent predictors of EGFR mutation (all P<0.05). Conclusion: TLG detected by (18)F-FDG PET/CT is an independent factor for predicting EGFR mutation in patients with lung squamous cell carcinoma, and has certain reference value for predicting EGFR mutation.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Receptores ErbB/genética , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Humanos , Pulmão , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Mutação , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Prognóstico , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Carga Tumoral
8.
Oncoimmunology ; 10(1): 1944554, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34239777

RESUMO

Understanding the dynamics of the immune microenvironment is critical to the development of immuno-based strategies for the prevention of oral potentially malignant disorders transformation to oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). We used laser capture microdissection and RNA-sequencing to profile the expression of 13 matched pairs of epithelial versus stromal compartments from normal mucosa, hyperplasia, dysplasia, and invasive tumors in the 4-nitroquinolein (4-NQO) murine model of oral carcinogenesis. Genes differentially expressed at each step of transformation were defined. Immune cell deconvolution and enrichment scores of various biological processes including immune-related ones were computed. Immunohistochemistry was also performed to characterize the immune infiltrates by T-cells (T-cells CD3+, helper CD4+, cytotoxic CD8+, regulatory FoxP3+), B-cells (B220+), and macrophages (M1 iNOS+, M2 CD163+) at each histological step. Enrichment of three independent M2 macrophages signatures were computed in 86 oral leukoplakia with available clinical outcome. Most gene expression changes were observed in the stromal compartment and related to immune biological processes. Immune cell deconvolution identified infiltration by the macrophage population as the most important quantitatively especially at the stage of dysplasia. In 86 patients with oral leukoplakia, three M2 macrophages signatures were independently associated with improved oral cancer-free survival. This study provides a better understanding of the dynamics of the immune microenvironment during oral carcinogenesis and highlights an unexpected association of M2 macrophages gene expression signatures with oral cancer free survival in patients with oral leukoplakia.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Neoplasias Bucais , Animais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Humanos , Macrófagos , Camundongos , Neoplasias Bucais/genética , Microambiente Tumoral
9.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 54(10): e10837, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34287578

RESUMO

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been extensively elucidated with regard to their significant implications in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). This study performed the functional investigation of circRNA dehydrogenase E1 and transketolase domain containing 1 (circDHTKD1) in OSCC. RNA expression levels of different molecules were measured via quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Cellular behaviors were detected by 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-y1)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) for cell viability, colony formation assay for clonal capacity, flow cytometry for cell apoptosis, wound healing assay for migration, and transwell assay for migration/invasion. Western blot was used for analyzing protein expression. RNA pull-down and dual-luciferase reporter assays were applied to assess the binding between targets. A xenograft tumor model was established in nude mice for in vivo experiments. Our expression analysis revealed that circDHTKD1 was upregulated in OSCC tissues and cells. circDHTKD1 knockdown was shown to impede OSCC cell growth and metastasis but motivate apoptosis. Additionally, circDHTKD1 served as a microRNA-326 (miR-326) sponge and the function of circDHTKD1 was achieved by sponging miR-326 in OSCC cells. Also, miR-326 inhibited OSCC development via targeting GRB2-associated-binding protein 1 (GAB1). circDHTKD1 could sponge miR-326 to alter GAB1 expression. Furthermore, circDHTKD1 contributed to OSCC progression in vivo via the miR-326/GAB1 axis. These data disclosed a specific circDHTKD1/miR-326/GAB1 signal axis in governing the malignant progression of OSCC, showing the considerable possibility of circDHTKD1 as a predictive and therapeutic target for clinical diagnosis and treatment of OSCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , MicroRNAs , Neoplasias Bucais , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Animais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , MicroRNAs/genética , Neoplasias Bucais/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço
10.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 16(1): 194, 2021 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34233689

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: C-erbB-2 has been confirmed to be an oncogene that participates in cell growth, differentiation and division of tumors. We are wondered if its silenced expression can exert an anti-tumor effect. Therefore, this study is conducted to investigate the mechanism of C-erbB-2 silencing and IGF-1 pathway on esophageal carcinoma (EC) cell biological behaviors. METHODS: The objects of study were 84 EC patients from Heping Hospital Affiliated to Changzhi Medical College, with the collection of EC tissue and adjacent normal tissue (> 5 cm away from cancer tissue). C-erbB-2 protein expression in EC tissues was detected by immunohistochemistry. Human EC cell line Eca-109 was purchased from Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Based on different transfection protocols, EC cells with logarithmic growth phase of 3-5 passages were divided into blank control group, oe-C-erbB-2 NC group, siRNA C-erbB-2 NC group, oe-C-erbB-2 group, siRNA C-erbB-2 group, OSI-906 group, Rg5 group, Rg5 + siRNA C-erbB-2 NC group and Rg5 + siRNA C-erbB-2 group. Cell proliferation was detected by MTT assay; cell cycle distribution and apoptosis by flow cytometry; C-erbB-2, IGF-1, IGF-1R and Akt mRNA and protein expressions by qRT-PCR and western blot; and cell invasion and migration by Transwell assay and scratch test. Tumor growth was observed in male BALB/c nude mice (Shanghai Experimental Animal Center) based on Eca109 cell implantation, raising, and measurement. RESULTS: C-erbB-2, IGF-1, IGF-1R and Akt expression were higher in EC tissues than those in adjacent tissues (all P < 0.05). Compared with blank control group, both si-C-erbB-2 and OSI-906 groups had decreased IGF-1, IGF-1R and Akt mRNA and protein expressions, decreased cell proliferation, migration and invasion, prolonged G0/G1 phase, shortened S phase, increased cell apoptosis, and inhibited tumor growth (all P < 0.05); while opposite trends were detected in C-erbB-2 vector and Rg5 groups (all P < 0.05), without statistical differences in siRNA C-erbB-2 + Rg5 group (all P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Silencing C-erbB-2 expression may inhibit EC cell proliferation, promote cell apoptosis and block cell cycle progression by inhibiting IGF-1 pathway activation. The beneficial effect of silencing C-erbB-2 expression can be reversed by promoting the activation of IGF-1 pathway. Findings in our study may provide potential reference for understanding the molecular mechanism of EC and supply possible axis for preventing the development of EC from the perspective of molecular biology.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Neoplasias Esofágicas/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/fisiologia , Inativação Gênica/fisiologia , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/metabolismo , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Neoplasias Esofágicas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transplante de Neoplasias , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Receptor IGF Tipo 1 , Transfecção
11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34256488

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the role and mechanism of long non-coding RNA RP11-159K7.2 in the progression of sinonasal squamous cell carcinoma (SNSCC). Methods: Sixty-five cases of SNSCC tissues and adjacent tissues were selected from the Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University from 2009 to 2014. The expression of RP11-159K7.2 in SNSCC and adjacent tissues was detected by RNAscope in situ hybridization to observe its association with prognosis. Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR associated proteins 9 (CRISPR/Cas9) was used to knockout the expression of RP11-159K7.2 in RPMI-2650 cells (SNSCC cell line). Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), wound healing and Transwell were performed to observe the changes of proliferation, migration and invasion of SNSCC cells in vitro after down-regulation of RP11-159K7.2. Moreover, the growth of xenograft in nude mice after down-regulation of RP11-159K7.2 was examined in vivo. Mechanically, the protein chip, Western blot and RNA immunoprecipitation were performed to identify the proteins bound by RP11-159K7.2. SPSS 17.0 was used for statistical analysis. Results: The expression of RP11-159K7.2 in SNSCC tissue was significantly higher than that in adjacent tissues. RP11-159K7.2 expression was closely related with T grade, nodal metastasis and differentiation of SNSCC (χ2 value was 4.697, 4.235 and 10.753, respectively, all P<0.05). The five-year survival rate of RP11-159K7.2 high expression patients was significantly lower than that of RP11-159K7.2 low expression ones (P=0.013 7). After the down-regulation of RP11-159K7.2, the proliferation, migration and invasion ability of SNSCC cells decreased significantly, and the growth of SNSCC xenograft was significantly inhibited. There were 31 candidate proteins that may bind to RP11-159K7.2. RP11-159K7.2 directly bound to nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) in SNSCC cells, and the regulation of RP11-159K7.2 on the proliferation and invasion of SNSCC cells depended on NF-κB. Conclusion: The increased expression of RP11-159K7.2 in SNSCC may serve as a potential molecular marker for SNSCC prognosis assessment. It is currently considered that the carcinogenic mechanism of RP11-159K7.2 in SNSCC is related to the regulation of NF-κB protein.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , RNA Longo não Codificante , Animais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Transplante de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética
12.
Clin Lab ; 67(7)2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34258957

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: IncRNAs perform complex functions and play an essential role in all stages of tumor progression. However, there are few studies that discuss the function of lncRNA ZNF667-AS1in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). This study aimed at analyzing the expression and biological behavior of lncRNA ZNF667-AS1 in OSCC. METHODS: IncRNA ZNF667-AS1 expression level in OSCC tissues and cell lines was explored by real-time PCR. The role of lncRNA ZNF667-AS1 on prognosis was elucidated. Cell proliferation assay, plate colony formation assay, wound-healing assay, and transwell migration assay were used to detect cell proliferation ability, cell clone formation ability, migration ability, and invasion ability, respectively. The effect of lncRNA ZNF667-AS1 on epithelial mesenchymal transformation (EMT) process was evaluated by western blot and real-time PCR. RESULTS: The expression levels of lncRNA ZNF667-AS1 were decreased in malignant tumor tissues. The OSCC patients with high expression of lncRNA ZNF667-AS1 had a longer survival time. IncRNA ZNF667-AS1 inhibited cell proliferation, cell clone formation ability, invasion and migration. Furthermore, lncRNA ZNF667-AS1 could inhibit the EMT process by suppressing transforming growth factor-ß-1 (TGF-ß1) expression, and TGF-ß1 treatment could partially restore the inhibitory effect. CONCLUSIONS: IncRNA ZNF667-AS1 may act as an antioncogene inhibiting the ability of proliferation, cell clone formation, invasion and migration, and suppress the process of EMT by targeting TGF-ß1. IncRNA ZNF667-AS1 could be a potential therapeutic target and a new predictive biological marker of OSCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Neoplasias Bucais , RNA Longo não Codificante , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Bucais/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/genética
13.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(13)2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34209172

RESUMO

Vulvar squamous cell carcinoma (VSCC) is a rare malignancy with dual pathogenesis, Human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated and HPV-independent, with a poorly explored molecular landscape. We aimed to summarize the findings of the series analyzing molecular hallmarks of this neoplasm. In January 2021, we conducted a comprehensive literature search using Pubmed Medline and Scopus to identify publications focused on genomic profiling of VSCC. Observational studies, including both prospective and retrospective designs, evaluating molecular alterations in VSCC were deemed eligible. A total of 14 studies analyzing 749 VSCC were identified. The study series were heterogeneous in HPV testing and sequencing strategies, included small sets of tumors and cancer genes, and commonly lacked survival analysis. Only one extensive targeted next-generation sequencing-based study comprised a large cohort of 280 VSCC. The mutated genes, their number, and frequencies were highly variable between the series. Overall, TP53 and CDKN2A, followed by PIK3CA, HRAS, and PTEN, were the most frequently studied and mutated genes. Mutations involved in the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway, including TP53, HRAS, KRAS, and PIK3CA, have been consistently reported across the studies. However, the role of individual mutations or pathways in the development of VSCC remains unclear. In conclusion, heterogeneity and the small sample size of available molecular series contribute to a limited view of the molecular landscape of VSCC. Large-scale genome- or exome-wide studies with robust HPV testing are necessary to improve the molecular characterization of VSCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Mutação , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias Vulvares/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Neoplasias Vulvares/metabolismo
14.
Anticancer Res ; 41(7): 3567-3572, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34230152

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Medullary carcinoma (MC) of the colon is a rare subtype of colorectal adenocarcinoma (CRC) with unique histomorphology and frequent mismatch repair (MMR) deficiency. MC with exclusive squamous differentiation has not been reported. We report an unusual case of MC with squamous differentiation and tested this differentiation potential in other MMR-deficient CRC cases. CASE REPORT: A 68-year-old woman presented with a large ascending colon mass and biopsy showed squamoid tumor morphology with immunoprofile concerning for squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). She underwent right hemicolectomy. Immunohistochemistry and next-generation sequencing (NGS) were performed for tumor classification. Macroscopically, the tumor was large and locally advanced. It metastasized to the lung without lymph node metastasis. Microscopically, the tumor cells were monotonous with cytological features of both MC and SCC. Immunostains were diffusely positive for p40 and CK5/6, but negative for other lineage markers including CDX2, CK20, and SATB2. The tumor was MMR deficient with loss of MLH1 and PMS2. NGS confirmed BRAF V600E mutation. In comparison, a tissue microarray comprising 64 previously diagnosed MMR deficient CRC was tested for squamous differentiation, and only 1 case showed focal CK5/6 expression, but none was positive for p40. CONCLUSION: MC with exclusive squamous differentiation not only posed significant diagnostic challenges, but also unveiled unrecognized differentiation plasticity in this tumor type.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Medular/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Diferenciação Celular/fisiologia , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Idoso , Carcinoma Medular/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Colo/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Mutação/genética
15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(11)2021 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34199609

RESUMO

The acid-sensing ion channels ASIC1 and ASIC2, as well as the transient receptor potential vanilloid channels TRPV1 and TRPV4, are proton-gated cation channels that can be activated by low extracellular pH (pHe), which is a hallmark of the tumor microenvironment in solid tumors. However, the role of these channels in the development of skin tumors is still unclear. In this study, we investigated the expression profiles of ASIC1, ASIC2, TRPV1 and TRPV4 in malignant melanoma (MM), squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and in nevus cell nevi (NCN). We conducted immunohistochemistry using paraffin-embedded tissue samples from patients and found that most skin tumors express ASIC1/2 and TRPV1/4. Striking results were that BCCs are often negative for ASIC2, while nearly all SCCs express this marker. Epidermal MM sometimes seem to lack ASIC1 in contrast to NCN. Dermal portions of MM show strong expression of TRPV1 more frequently than dermal NCN portions. Some NCN show a decreasing ASIC1/2 expression in deeper dermal tumor tissue, while MM seem to not lose ASIC1/2 in deeper dermal portions. ASIC1, ASIC2, TRPV1 and TRPV4 in skin tumors might be involved in tumor progression, thus being potential diagnostic and therapeutic targets.


Assuntos
Canais Iônicos Sensíveis a Ácido/genética , Neoplasias Cutâneas/genética , Canais de Cátion TRPV/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Basocelular/classificação , Carcinoma Basocelular/genética , Carcinoma Basocelular/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/classificação , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Melanoma/classificação , Melanoma/genética , Melanoma/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nevo/classificação , Nevo/genética , Nevo/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/classificação , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia
16.
Arch Oral Biol ; 129: 105203, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34252587

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is often diagnosed at late stage with a poor prognosis. The study hereunder aimed to construct a multi-gene model to simultaneously promote early diagnosis of OSCC by evaluating malignant risk of oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMDs) and predict prognosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 3 GEO datasets including OPMDs and OSCC samples were obtained for overlapping differentially expressed genes (DEGs) being screened. The predictive model was built with optimal DEGs by SVM algorithm, estimated by receiver operator characteristic curves and validated for double prediction via oral cancer-free survival (for malignant risk of OPMDs) and overall survival time (for OSCC) analysis respectively compared to other models. The protein expression of biomarkers in the model was validated in human samples by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: A novel predictive model of 4-gene signature was built based on 12 common DEGs revealed from 3 GEO datasets. It could well distinguish OSCC from OPMDs and normal tissues. Both oral cancer-free survival and overall survival time analysis were significantly poorer in high-risk patients than in low-risk ones in Kaplan Meier survival curve respectively. The protein expression of biomarkers in OSCC was with significant difference compared to normal and OPMDs. CONCLUSIONS: The novel 4-gene signature model presents strong ability in simultaneous prediction of the malignant risk of OPMDs and OSCC progression, potentially benefiting both the early diagnosis and therapeutic outcomes of OSCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Neoplasias Bucais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Humanos , Neoplasias Bucais/genética , Prognóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço
17.
Br J Dermatol ; 185(1): e4-e33, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34216011

RESUMO

Linked Article: Meyer et al. Br J Dermatol 2021; 185:147-152. Ceramide kinase-like protein (CERKL) was originally described in retinal tissue in the eye. It has been shown to protect cells from oxidative stress, which is a process that kills cells; and mutations (faults) in CERKL cause an inherited disease called retinitis pigmentosa that leads to loss of vision. We set out to investigate CERKL in normal skin and in a type of skin cancer called cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC). CERKL levels were low in normal skin but significantly increased in cSCC and also in actinic keratoses (areas of sun-damaged skin that sometimes can develop into skin cancer). Because of their fast metabolism, cancer cells have high levels of oxidative stress. CERKL appears to enable these cSCC cells to survive, because when we inactivated CERKL, the cSCC cells died. In conclusion, these findings suggest that CERKL may be important in disease progression in cSCC. Since CERKL is not expressed in normal skin cells, further investigation of CERKL could lead to novel strategies for prevention and treatment of cSCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Retinite Pigmentosa , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Humanos , Fosfotransferases (Aceptor do Grupo Álcool)/genética , Neoplasias Cutâneas/genética
18.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(13): 17328-17336, 2021 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34198263

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have recently emerged as a new class of RNAs, highly enriched in the human tissues and very stable within cells, exosomes and body fluids. In this study, we aimed to screen the plasma cell-free derived circRNAs in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) and investigate whether these circRNAs could predicted LSCC as potential biomarkers. METHODS: The circRNA microarray was employed with three samples in each group to screen the dysregulated circRNAs isolated from plasma samples. The top 20 circRNAs were first selected as candidates with the upregulated level in the plasma of LSCC. RESULTS: Further validation found that only circ_0019201, circ_0011773 and circ_0122790 was consistent with training set. The ROC curve also revealed a high diagnostic ability an area under ROC curve value (AUC) for single circRNA and combined. The AUC for circ_0019201, circ_0011773 and circ_0122790 and the combined was 0.933, 0.908, 0.965 and 0.990 in training set. For the validation set, the AUC was 0.766, 0.864, 0.908 and 0.951. The three circRNAs were further investigated with stable expression in human plasma samples. CONCLUSIONS: The plasma derived circ_0019201, circ_0011773 and circ_0122790 might be the potential biomarker for predicting the LSCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Impressões Digitais de DNA/métodos , Neoplasias Laríngeas/genética , RNA Circular/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Ácidos Nucleicos Livres , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Análise em Microsséries , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Curva ROC , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(13): 17462-17472, 2021 07 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34253689

RESUMO

Propose: Autophagy plays a complicated role in cancer progression. This study aims at assessing the function of ATG5-induced autophagy in progression of lung squamous cell carcinoma and its upstream mechanism. METHOD: TCGA database of lung squamous cell carcinoma was analyzed to explore the differentially expressed miRNAs and mRNAs and relative prognosis. RT-PCR and Western blot were performed to evaluate autophagy relative gene expression level in human lung squamous cell carcinoma cell Lines. Autophagy flux was observed using transmission electron microscopy and immunofluorescence. Meanwhile, binding relationship of potential target miRNA and mRNAs were also confirmed using Dual-luciferase reporter gene assay. Lung metastatic model was established to evaluated the effect of targeting protein and miRNA. RESULT: High level expression of ATG5 was detected in LUSC patients. Relative experiments confirmed that ATG5 silencing could decrease the autophagy flux in LUSC. In addition, our research revealed that there is a binding sites between hsa-mir-30a-5p and 3'-UTR of ATG5. Mimic miR-30a-5p suppresses ATG5-mediated autophagy in lung squamous cell carcinoma cells. The in vivo experiments confirmed that miR-30a-5p could attenuate lung squamous cell carcinoma progression through the autophagy pathway. CONCLUSION: Accordingly, the in vivo and in vitro study in our research have demonstrated that miR-30a-5p inhibits lung squamous cell carcinoma progression via ATG5-mediated autophagy.


Assuntos
Proteína 5 Relacionada à Autofagia/genética , Autofagia/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas/genética , Animais , Sítios de Ligação , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Biologia Computacional , Progressão da Doença , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Inativação Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Metástase Neoplásica/genética , Prognóstico , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética
20.
J Int Med Res ; 49(7): 3000605211032807, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34311595

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Lung cancer (LC) is one of the most prevalent malignant tumors worldwide. As a subtype of LC, lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC) has a 5-year survival rate of less than 15%. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of a glycolysis-related gene signature in LUSC patients. METHODS: We obtained RNA-Seq data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Prognosis-related genes were screened out by Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) and Cox proportional regression models. Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to verify the mRNA expression levels in relevant tissues. RESULTS: We found that sperm-associated antigen 4 (SPAG4) overexpression was an independent risk factor for overall survival (OS) in LUSC. Patients with high-risk scores had higher mortality rates than those with low-risk scores. Moreover, by using RT-qPCR, we validated that SPAG4 mRNA was overexpressed in LUSC tissue samples compared with their paired para-cancerous histological normal tissues. CONCLUSIONS: Analysis of aberrantly overexpressed SPAG4 may provide a further useful approach to complement existing methods and predict prognosis in LUSC patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Proteínas de Transporte/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Masculino , Prognóstico
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