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1.
Glob Heart ; 16(1): 18, 2021 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33833942

RESUMO

The current pandemic of SARS-COV 2 infection (Covid-19) is challenging health systems and communities worldwide. At the individual level, the main biological system involved in Covid-19 is the respiratory system. Respiratory complications range from mild flu-like illness symptoms to a fatal respiratory distress syndrome or a severe and fulminant pneumonia. Critically, the presence of a pre-existing cardiovascular disease or its risk factors, such as hypertension or type II diabetes mellitus, increases the chance of having severe complications (including death) if infected by the virus. In addition, the infection can worsen an existing cardiovascular disease or precipitate new ones. This paper presents a contemporary review of cardiovascular complications of Covid-19. It also specifically examines the impact of the disease on those already vulnerable and on the poorly resourced health systems of Africa as well as the potential broader consequences on the socio-economic health of this region.


Assuntos
/fisiopatologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/fisiopatologia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/economia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/etiologia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/fisiopatologia , África , Antimaláricos/efeitos adversos , Arritmias Cardíacas/economia , Arritmias Cardíacas/etiologia , Arritmias Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , /economia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/economia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Cloroquina/efeitos adversos , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Assistência à Saúde/economia , Recessão Econômica , Produto Interno Bruto , Recursos em Saúde/economia , Recursos em Saúde/provisão & distribução , Insuficiência Cardíaca/economia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Hidroxicloroquina/efeitos adversos , Inflamação , Isquemia Miocárdica/economia , Isquemia Miocárdica/etiologia , Isquemia Miocárdica/fisiopatologia , Miocardite/economia , Miocardite/etiologia , Miocardite/fisiopatologia , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/complicações , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/fisiopatologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/economia , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/etiologia , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/fisiopatologia
2.
Am J Case Rep ; 22: e930090, 2021 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33875632

RESUMO

BACKGROUND The main causes for takotsubo syndrome (TS) in oncological patients are stress related to cancer diagnosis and treatment, pain in the course of the disease, treatment complications, and paraneoplastic syndromes. CASE REPORT An obese 62-year-old female patient, with a 3-day history of chest pain, was admitted to the hospital with a suspected acute coronary event. She had been diagnosed with high-grade bladder cancer 6 months before. After the transurethral electroresection of the tumor 5 months before and subsequent chemotherapy (gemcitabine and cisplatin), the patient was qualified for the next cancer surgery. On admission, the patient remained without chest pain. The ECG record demonstrated inverted T waves in the leads from above the anterior and lateral wall. The coronarography demonstrated minor atherosclerotic changes in the coronary arteries. The left ventriculography presented akinesis of the apex and the apical and mid-segment of the anterior wall, and the ejection fraction (EF) was 38%. Takotsubo syndrome was diagnosed. Laboratory testing revealed elevated concentration of troponin and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide. The subsequent ECG records demonstrated deeply inverted T waves and numerous ventricular premature beats and increased QTc (528 ms). A control echocardiography showed improved left ventricular contractive function (EF - 47%). On the 4th day of hospitalization, the patient was discharged and referred for further oncological treatment. CONCLUSIONS The diagnosis of TS in oncology patients is difficult, especially in the presence of atherosclerotic lesions in coronary arteries. Takotsubo syndrome in cancer patients delays the next stages of oncological treatment, which worsens the prognosis of these patients.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/complicações , Dor no Peito/etiologia , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/etiologia , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/terapia , Troponina/sangue , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/terapia
3.
Cardiol Rev ; 29(3): 143-149, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33758123

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 has affected the health of people across the globe. Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) have a significant relationship with COVID-19, both as a risk factor and prognostic indicator, and as a complication of the disease itself. In addition to predisposing to CVD complications, the ongoing pandemic has severely affected the delivery of timely and appropriate care for cardiovascular conditions resulting in increased mortality. The etiology behind the cardiac injury associated with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 is likely varied, including coronary artery disease, microvascular thrombosis, myocarditis, and stress cardiomyopathy. Further large-scale investigations are needed to better determine the underlying mechanism of myocardial infarction and other cardiac injury in COVID-19 patients and to determine the incidence of each type of cardiac injury in this patient population. Telemedicine and remote monitoring technologies can play an important role in optimizing outcomes in patients with established CVD. In this article, we summarize the various impacts that COVID-19 has on the cardiovascular system, including myocardial infarction, myocarditis, stress cardiomyopathy, thrombosis, and stroke.


Assuntos
/fisiopatologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/fisiopatologia , /complicações , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Comorbidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/etiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Trombose Coronária/etiologia , Trombose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Humanos , /etiologia , Microvasos , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Miocardite/etiologia , Miocardite/fisiopatologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/etiologia , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/fisiopatologia , Trombose/etiologia , Trombose/fisiopatologia
4.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(1)2021 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33509872

RESUMO

We report an interesting case of a 38-year-old woman presenting with reverse Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) secondary to an Addisonian crisis, her second such episode. A few years prior, she had presented with typical TTS in the setting of Addisonian crisis; diagnostic work-up revealing Auto-Immune Polyglandular Syndrome Type II (APS II). We believe this to be the first case report of typical and variant phenotypes of TTS in a patient with APS II. The pathogenic link between these two conditions is explored. In patients presenting with Addisonian crises and refractory shock, the possibility of concurrent TTS should be considered. TTS muddies the diagnostic waters and poses therapeutic challenges as outlined.


Assuntos
Doença de Addison/tratamento farmacológico , Hidrocortisona/uso terapêutico , Adesão à Medicação , Poliendocrinopatias Autoimunes/tratamento farmacológico , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/fisiopatologia , Doença de Addison/complicações , Adulto , Progressão da Doença , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipotireoidismo/complicações , Hipotireoidismo/tratamento farmacológico , Poliendocrinopatias Autoimunes/complicações , Recidiva , Infecções Respiratórias/complicações , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/diagnóstico , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/etiologia , Tiroxina/uso terapêutico
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(2): e24088, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33466170

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) is characterized by recovery of wall motion abnormalities and acute left ventricular dysfunction, which are often caused by acute physical or emotional stressors. It is rarely reported that TTS can be precipitated by change in position in the patient in the operating room. We report a case of a patient with a thoracic vertebral fracture who presented with TTS precipitated by changing from a supine to a prone position before percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) under local anesthesia. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 76-year-old man who was diagnosed with a fracture in a thoracic vertebra was sent to the operating room to undergo PKP under local anesthesia. Approximately 5 minutes after changing from a supine to a prone position, which is necessary for PKP, the patient experienced chest pain, headache, and sweating. DIAGNOSIS: A fracture in a thoracic vertebra; TTS. INTERVENTIONS: As a result of 12-lead electrocardiography, echocardiography, left ventriculogram, and cardiac catheterization, the diagnosis of TTS was retained, and supportive therapy was initiated. OUTCOMES: Two hours later, the patient's symptoms mitigated significantly and the ST segment returned to baseline. Four days later, echocardiography showed normal systolic function without wall motion abnormalities and the patient returned to the orthopedics ward for further treatment. LESSONS: It is necessary for anesthetists to recognize TTS which is life-threatening during monitored anesthetic care (MAC). We highlight the importance of being alerted to the possibility of TTS when managing patients with thoracic vertebral fractures undergoing surgery under local anesthesia.


Assuntos
Posicionamento do Paciente/efeitos adversos , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/complicações , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/etiologia , Vértebras Torácicas/lesões , Idoso , Humanos , Cifoplastia , Masculino , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/fisiopatologia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Vértebras Torácicas/fisiopatologia
6.
Arkh Patol ; 83(1): 5-11, 2021.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33512121

RESUMO

The article presents published and own data about Takotsubo syndrome, a relatively rare heart disease that is similar to acute coronary syndrome, but without significant damage of coronary arteries. The leading pathogenetic factor is the catecholamine-induced stress damage of myocardium with involvement of microvessels. There is a certain underestimation of Takotsubo syndrome by both clinicians and pathologists, so some cases of Takotsubo syndrome are misdiagnosed as acute coronary syndrome. Morphological manifestations of Takotsubo syndrome are characterized by mucoid edema of interstitial myocardial tissue, round-cell infiltration of stroma and focal damage of cardiomyocytes.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo , Vasos Coronários , Humanos , Miocárdio , Miócitos Cardíacos , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/diagnóstico , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/etiologia
7.
Med Hypotheses ; 146: 110454, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33338954

RESUMO

Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TTS), known as stress cardiomyopathy, is a rare disorder characterized by acute and transient left ventricular systolic and diastolic dysfunction, often associated with a stressful, emotional or physical event. TTS may be closely related to SARS-CoV-2 infection and the ongoing pandemic. The enormous emotional stress caused by the pandemic and respiratory infections caused by SARS-CoV-2 could be potential triggers for TTS. The case series cited above implicates that TTS should be considered in the differential diagnosis across the entire spectrum of myocardial injury in SARS-CoV-2 infected patients. Myocardial damage associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection is usually attributed to sepsis, hypoxemia, coronary artery disease, and myocarditis. We hypothesize that TTS may also play a role among these lesions.


Assuntos
/complicações , Pandemias , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/etiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , /psicologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Cardiovasculares , Fatores de Risco , Estresse Fisiológico , Estresse Psicológico , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/fisiopatologia , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/psicologia
8.
Curr Probl Cardiol ; 46(3): 100763, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33360674

RESUMO

Incidence of cardiovascular complications has increased during the COVID-19 (Coronavirus disease 2019) pandemic, both population-wide and in patients diagnosed with the disease. This increase has presented complications in patient care, leading to increased hospitalizations, adverse outcomes, and medical costs. A condition of interest is takotsubo syndrome, which may be associated with the novel coronavirus. To understand this connection, a narrative review was performed by analyzing primary studies and case reports available. The findings showed increased incidence of takotsubo cardiomyopathy in both the general population and COVID-19 patients. Proposed mechanisms for the linkage include generalized increases in psychological distress, the cytokine storm, increased sympathetic responses in COVID-19 patients, and microvascular dysfunction. Moreover, natural disasters are noted as likely being associated with increases of takotsubo syndrome. As the pandemic continues, treating COVID-19 as a systemic condition is imperative, with the increase in takotsubo syndrome marking a significant impact of the novel coronavirus.


Assuntos
/complicações , Pandemias , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/etiologia , /epidemiologia , Saúde Global , Hospitalização/tendências , Humanos , Incidência , Fatores de Risco , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/epidemiologia
9.
J Card Surg ; 36(2): 764-769, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33336409

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has had far-reaching consequences beyond the disease itself, including economic, social, political, religious, and psychological implications. This novel coronavirus has been shown to have cardiovascular manifestations in the form of arrhythmias, conduction disturbances, myocarditis, stress cardiomyopathy, myocardial injury and myocardial ischemia or infarction from increased microvascular and/or macrovascular coagulopathy. However, in addition to these direct effects, we are now starting to recognize indirect cardiovascular effects of COVID-19 in the form of increased incidence of Takutsobo cardiomyopathy in patients without any evidence of coronavirus infection presumably due to the increased psychological stress of social isolation and societal turbulence. In this case series, we present two post-menopausal women, presenting with chest pain and acute coronary syndrome, who are finally diagnosed with stress cardiomyopathy, triggered by increased emotional stress-related to the pandemic. There is data from a retrospective cohort analysis showing a fourfold increase in the incidence of acute coronary syndrome resulting from stress cardiomyopathy during the pandemic period compared to similar times periods before the pandemic. Hence, health care providers need to be cognizant of the emotional ramifications of the ongoing pandemic in the form of increased risk of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy. Moreover, urgent measures need to be taken to help the at-risk population cope with the ongoing stressors to help decrease the incidence of this cardiomyopathy.


Assuntos
/complicações , Eletrocardiografia , Angústia Psicológica , Estresse Psicológico/complicações , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/etiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Pandemias , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/diagnóstico , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/psicologia
10.
BMJ Case Rep ; 13(12)2020 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33334739

RESUMO

Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC) is a rare but life-threatening condition that is still not completely understood. Characterised by rapidly reversible ventricular dysfunction without any prior coronary artery disease, it can imitate a myocardial infarction and lead to death if not managed appropriately. This report examines a case of intraoperative cardiac arrest in a patient with no previous cardiac disease, and discusses the factors that may have precipitated this event, as well as the ways of distinguishing the cause of the arrest based on clinical course and investigations, eventually leading to a diagnosis of TTC.


Assuntos
Aborto Induzido/efeitos adversos , Parada Cardíaca/etiologia , Complicações Intraoperatórias/diagnóstico , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/diagnóstico , Aborto Induzido/psicologia , Adulto , Cardiotônicos/administração & dosagem , Catecolaminas/sangue , Ecocardiografia , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Parada Cardíaca/sangue , Parada Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Infusões Intravenosas , Complicações Intraoperatórias/sangue , Complicações Intraoperatórias/tratamento farmacológico , Complicações Intraoperatórias/etiologia , Gravidez , Simendana/administração & dosagem , Estresse Psicológico/sangue , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/sangue , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/tratamento farmacológico , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/etiologia
11.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 155(12): 521-528, dic. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-198355

RESUMO

ANTECEDENTES Y OBJETIVO: Se ha postulado una relación entre neoplasias y síndrome de Takotsubo (STB). Nuestro objetivo fue determinar su prevalencia en enfermos con STB, comparar el perfil clínico de STB con cáncer o no y estudiar su evolución a largo plazo. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: Analizamos la situación oncológica de pacientes incluidos en el REgistro nacional sobre síndrome de TAKOtsubo (RETAKO), ingresados entre 2002 y 2019, aportados por 38 hospitales de todo el país. Se admitió cualquier antecedente de malignidad/tumor que, aun benigno, recibiera quimioterapia, radioterapia o cirugía específica, actual o pasado. RESULTADOS: Se describió cualquier tipo de neoplasia en 129 (11,8%) casos, dentro de una cohorte de 1.097 pacientes con STB. Los oncológicos, con menor porcentaje de mujeres (79,1 vs. 88,3%; p = 0,003), mostraron una tendencia no significativa a mayor edad, hiperuricemia, apnea del sueño, con un menor FEVI al ingreso, y un perfil de factores de riesgo cardiovascular similar, pero más anemia crónica e inmunosupresión. La neoplasia más frecuente fue el cáncer de mama. Durante su estancia hospitalaria, los oncológicos mostraron más complicaciones, destacando insuficiencia cardiaca/shock, insuficiencia renal aguda y una tendencia en el combinado de infecciones. En el seguimiento, presentaron mayor mortalidad y más sucesos combinados MACE, con una tendencia, no significativa, a la aparición de recurrencias o reingresos cardiovasculares. CONCLUSIONES: La prevalencia de neoplasias en pacientes con STB fue elevada. La presentación clínica fue diferente en relación con los pacientes que no las presentan y suponen probablemente un factor de riesgo de peor pronóstico, tanto hospitalario como a largo plazo


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A relationship between neoplasms and Takotsubo syndrome (TS) has been postulated. Our goal was to determine its prevalence in patients with TS, compare the clinical profile of TS with or without cancer and study its long-term evolution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The oncological situation of patients included in the National Registry on TAKOtsubo syndrome (RETAKO), admitted between 2002 and 2019, provided by 38 hospitals throughout the country is analysed. Any history of malignancy or tumour, even benign, that received chemotherapy, radiotherapy or specific surgery, current or past, was considered. RESULTS: Any type of neoplasm was described in 129 (11.8%), within a cohort of 1,097 patients with TS. The cohort of patients with neoplasm, with a lower percentage of women (79.1 vs. 88.3%; P=.003), showed a non-significant tendency at an older age, hyperuricaemia, sleep apnoea and lower LVEF on admission, with a similar cardiovascular risk factor profile, but more chronic anaemia and immunosuppression. The most common neoplasm was breast cancer. During their hospital stay, the cancer patients suffered more complications, highlighting heart failure/shock, acute renal failure and a trend towards combined infections. On follow-up, they presented higher mortality and more combined MACE events, with a non-significant trend in the occurrence of cardiovascular recurrences or readmissions. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of neoplasms in patients with TS is high. The clinical presentation is different in relation to patients who do not have neoplasms and they probably represent a risk factor for a worse hospital and long term prognosis


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/etiologia , Prognóstico , Estudos de Coortes , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/etiologia , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
14.
G Ital Cardiol (Rome) ; 21(10): 739-749, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32968306

RESUMO

Coronavirus 2019 disease (COVID-19), caused by SARS-CoV-2, can lead to cardiac impairment with various types of clinical manifestations, including heart failure and cardiogenic shock. A possible expression of cardiac impairment is non-ischemic ventricular dysfunction, which can be related to different pathological conditions, such as myocarditis, stress and cytokine-related ventricular dysfunction. The diagnosis of these pathological conditions can be challenging during COVID-19; furthermore, their prevalence and prognostic significance have not been elucidated yet. The purpose of this review is to take stock of the various aspects of non-ischemic ventricular dysfunction that may occur during COVID-19 and of the diagnostic implications related to the use of cardiac imaging techniques.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Miocardite/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Aguda , Infecções Assintomáticas , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/complicações , Ecocardiografia , Eletrocardiografia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Humanos , Miocardite/sangue , Miocardite/etiologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico por imagem , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/etiologia , Troponina/sangue , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/sangue , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/sangue , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/etiologia
15.
Br J Radiol ; 93(1115): 20200514, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32795180

RESUMO

Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC) is a reversible condition in which there is transient left ventricular (LV) dysfunction characterised most commonly by basal hyperkinesis and mid-apical LV ballooning and hypokinesia. It is said to be triggered by stress and mimics, such as acute coronary syndrome (ACS) clinically. Diagnosis is usually suspected on echocardiography due to the characteristic contraction pattern in a patient with symptoms and signs of ACS but normal coronary arteries on catheter angiography. Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR), with its latest advancements, is the diagnostic modality of choice for diagnosis, prognosis and follow-up of patients. The advances in CMR (including T1, T2, ECV mapping and threshold-based late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) measurements have revolutionised the role of CMR in tissue characterisation and prognostication in patients with TC. In this review, we highlight the current role of CMR in management of TC and enumerate the CMR findings in TC as well the current advances in the field of CMR, which could help in prognosticating these patients.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/diagnóstico por imagem , Circulação Coronária , Edema Cardíaco/diagnóstico por imagem , Fibrose/diagnóstico por imagem , Gadolínio , Humanos , Aumento da Imagem/métodos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/tendências , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Contração Miocárdica , Miocárdio/patologia , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/etiologia , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/fisiopatologia
17.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 20(1): 389, 2020 08 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32842957

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fulminant (life-threatening) COVID-19 can be associated with acute respiratory failure (ARF), multi-system organ failure and cytokine release syndrome (CRS). We present a rare case of fulminant COVID-19 associated with reverse-takotsubo-cardiomyopathy (RTCC) that improved with therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE). CASE PRESENTATION: A 40 year old previous healthy male presented in the emergency room with 4 days of dry cough, chest pain, myalgias and fatigue. He progressed to ARF requiring high-flow-nasal-cannula (flow: 60 L/minute, fraction of inspired oxygen: 40%). Real-Time-Polymerase-Chain-Reaction (RT-PCR) assay confirmed COVID-19 and chest X-ray showed interstitial infiltrates. Biochemistry suggested CRS: increased C-reactive protein, lactate dehydrogenase, ferritin and interleukin-6. Renal function was normal but lactate levels were elevated. Electrocardiogram demonstrated non-specific changes and troponin-I levels were slightly elevated. Echocardiography revealed left ventricular (LV) basal and midventricular akinesia with apex sparing (LV ejection fraction: 30%) and depressed cardiac output (2.8 L/min) consistent with a rare variant of stress-related cardiomyopathy: RTCC. His ratio of partial arterial pressure of oxygen to fractional inspired concentration of oxygen was < 120. He was admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) for mechanical ventilation and vasopressors, plus antivirals (lopinavir/ritonavir), and prophylactic anticoagulation. Infusion of milrinone failed to improve his cardiogenic shock (day-1). Thus, rescue TPE was performed using the Spectra Optia™ Apheresis System equipped with the Depuro D2000 Adsorption Cartridge (Terumo BCT Inc., USA) without protective antibodies. Over 5 days he received daily TPE (each lasting 4 hours). His lactate levels, oxygenation, and LV function normalized and he was weaned off vasopressors. His inflammation markers improved, and he was extubated on day-7. RT-PCR was negative on day-17. He was discharged to home isolation in good condition. CONCLUSION: Stress-cardiomyopathy may complicate the course of fulminant COVID-19 with associated CRS. If inotropic therapy fails, TPE without protective antibodies may help rescue the critically ill patient.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Cardiotônicos/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/terapia , Troca Plasmática , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Choque Cardiogênico/terapia , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/terapia , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/complicações , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/diagnóstico , Combinação de Medicamentos , Ecocardiografia , Humanos , Lopinavir/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Respiração Artificial , Ritonavir/uso terapêutico , Choque Cardiogênico/etiologia , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/etiologia
18.
Folia Med Cracov ; 60(1): 45-54, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32658211

RESUMO

Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM) represents an acute systolic left ventricular dysfunction typically triggered by severe psychological or physical stress. Oncological patients due to emotional distress of the diagnosis, proinflammatory and prothrombotic nature of cancer and also physical stress often following complex anticancer therapies are at high-risk of TCM. Moreover, there are also few reports of TCM associated with oncological treatment, mostly chemotherapy. Recent data from large registries indicate a surprisingly high incidence of malignancy in TCM, significant differences in clinical characteristics and unfavorable short- and long-term clinical outcomes in this specific group of patients. Therefore, we present two case reports of TCM that occurred during active anticancer therapy. Both women were admitted with suspicion of acute coronary syndrome. The first patient underwent mastectomy two years before due to hormone receptor-positive breast cancer and on admission she was during adjuvant hormonotherapy with tamoxifen. The admission of the second patient was preceded by fifteen fractions of adjuvant external beam radiotherapy due to intermediate-risk endometrial cancer after radical hysterectomy. Based on coronary angiography type I of acute coronary syndrome was excluded. Both patients negated stressful situations in the period immediately before the symptoms onset. Within hospital course baseline apical ballooning observed in both cases fully recovered and enabled subsequent completion of oncological treatment in accordance with adopted treatment protocols without recurrence of TCM. To our knowledge, presented cases are the first reports showing direct relationship between TCM and adjuvant hormonotherapy with tamoxifen or pelvic radiotherapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/radioterapia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Mastectomia/efeitos adversos , Radioterapia/efeitos adversos , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/etiologia , Tamoxifeno/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/diagnóstico , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/fisiopatologia
20.
BMJ Case Rep ; 13(6)2020 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32540884

RESUMO

COVID-19 became a global pandemic in early 2020. While well known for its pulmonary manifestations, the virus also has a number of cardiac manifestations as well. Takotsubo syndrome has scarcely been reported in patients with COVID-19, but it is possible that the cytokine storm associated with the infection can trigger Takotsubo syndrome in patients with underlying risk factors for Takotsubo (emotional distress, physical distress, history of psychiatric disorders).


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Infecções por Coronavirus , Heparina/administração & dosagem , Metilprednisolona/administração & dosagem , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Esquizofrenia/complicações , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo , Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Humanos , Fatores Imunológicos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Respiração Artificial/métodos , Insuficiência Respiratória/etiologia , Insuficiência Respiratória/terapia , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/sangue , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/diagnóstico , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
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