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1.
Kyobu Geka ; 73(10): 789-794, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33130767

RESUMO

A large population of patients with congenital heart disease with untreated systemic to pulmonary shunts( left to right shunts) will develop pulmonary arterial hypertension( PAH). There are 2 different statuses of an increase in pulmonary arterial pressure. One is high resistance due to high pulmonary blood flow (high flow with high resistance), another one is low pulmonary flow due to high resistance (low flow with high resistance). Chronic large left-to-right shunt induced severe pulmonary vascular disease and pulmonary hypertension. This was then subsequence of low pulmonary blood flow with high pulmonary vascular resistance. We have to avoid this situation and have to do intervention within the pulmonary vascular reactivity has been left. For this reason, preoperative treatment for avoidance of high flow, appropriate timing of interventions and postoperative various managements are important factors as aiming of low pulmonary resistance in this group. Recent advances in PAH-specific drugs have dramatically changed the therapeutic strategy for PAH. A strategy that includes "treatment" with PAH-specific drugs initially and then "repair" by closure of the cardiac defect (i.e. "treat and repair") was devised, and has been attempted, in patients with PAH associated with a cardiac defect.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias Congênitas , Hipertensão Pulmonar , Hipertensão Arterial Pulmonar , Cardiopatias Congênitas/complicações , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/complicações , Pulmão , Circulação Pulmonar
2.
Kyobu Geka ; 73(10): 795-799, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33130768

RESUMO

Congenital anomaly of respiratory or digestive system have a significant impact on the perioperative management of congenital heart disease. Therefore, it is important to make a long-term treatment strategy. It has been reported that 1-stage surgery is effective for pulmonary artery sling. Simultaneous repair is also useful if significant airway stenosis is present prior to cardiac surgery. In the case of congenital heart disease associated with gastrointestinal anomaly, gastrointestinal surgery precedes in more than 80% of cases. In recent years, though treatments of gastrointestinal atresia have a good outcome, the results of esophageal atresia are still bad. If we choice multi-stage surgery, there is a possibility that we cannot perform cardiac surgery at appropriate time due to postoperative mediastinitis. Therefore, we must consider the timing and method of operation individually. The important thing is to keep a good relationships with related departments and to provide close informed consent to the patient's parents.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Atresia Esofágica , Cardiopatias Congênitas , Sistema Digestório , Atresia Esofágica/complicações , Atresia Esofágica/cirurgia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/complicações , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Humanos , Lactente
3.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(11): 1249-1254, 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33147925

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the trend of the congenital heart disease mortality rate in children aged under 1 year old from 2004 to 2018. Methods: The mortality rate and constituent ratio of congenital heart disease in different genders, urban and rural areas and regions were calculated by using the publicly available Dataset of National Mortality Surveillance in China from 2004 to 2018. The Joinpoint regression model was used to analyze the changing trend of mortality rate and constituent ratio, and calculate the annual percentage change (APC) in each time period, the average annual percentage change (AAPC) in all time period and their 95% values. Results: From 2004 to 2018, a total of 15 969 children aged 0 to 1 years died of congenital heart disease, of which 58.12% (9 281) were boys and 71.79% (11 464) were in rural areas. The deaths of congenital heart disease in eastern, central and western regions accounted for 34.30%, 37.06% and 28.64% of total deaths, respectively. From 2004 to 2018, the mortality rate of congenital heart disease in children decreased from 106.81 per 100 000 to 38.70 per 100 000, with an AAPC (95%) about -7.2% (-11.5%, -2.6%). The mortality rate of congenital heart disease showed a downward trend in girls [AAPC (95%) =-7.7% (-13.0%, -2.0%)], boys [AAPC (95%)=-6.8% (-12.0%, -1.2%)], urban areas [AAPC (95%) =-5.9% (-9.9%, -1.7%)], rural areas [AAPC (95%) =-7.4% (-10.5%, -4.2%)], eastern region [AAPC (95%)=-8.6% (-14.2%, -2.6%)], and central region [AAPC (95%)=-7.8% (-11.5%, -4.0%)]. The gaps of mortality rate gradually shrank in different genders, urban and rural areas and regions. From 2004 to 2018, the constituent ratio of congenital heart disease in children showed an upward trend [AAPC (95%) = 3.3% (1.7%, 4.9%)]. Conclusion: From 2004 to 2018, the mortality rate of congenital heart disease in children aged 0 to 1 years showed a downward trend, and the constituent ratio showed an upward trend.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias Congênitas , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , População Rural , População Urbana
4.
Wiad Lek ; 73(9 cz. 2): 1926-1933, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33148835

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The work presents a research project carried out in John Paul II Hospital in Cracow in Clinical Department of Cardiac and Vascular Diseases with the Intensive Cardiac Supervision Subdivision, with participation of 100 (50 F, 50 M) patients with congenital heart defects. The purpose of the work is to resolve the issue of personality specifics, and thus the different characteristics of people who suffer from congenital heart defects. Therefore, the following questions should be answered: Is there a relationship between personality traits and the occurrence of a congenital heart defect? What personality traits are characteristic for patients with congenital heart defects? The aim: We aimed to assess personality traits of clients suffering from PFO and ASD. The article also talks about how coronavirus pandemic affects patients with congenital heart disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The research was conducted by psychologist Adrianna Skoczek. We performed a psychological clinical assessment and conducted the psychological tests like Eysenck Personality Questionnaire-Revised Short Version [EPQ-R(S)] and Eysenck's Impulsivity Inventory [IVE] by Hans J. Eysenck and Sybil G. Eysenck, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory [STAI] by C. D. Spielberger, R. L. Gorsuch, R. E. Lushene describing personality traits of patients. Patients (F=50, M=50), with ASD (n=70) and with PFO (n=30). RESULTS: Results: In people suffering from ASD, the level of declared empathy was statistically significantly higher than the levels of impulsiveness and tendency to risk-taking. In people suffering from PFO, a statistically significant difference was observed only between the level of psychoticism and other variables. The level of declared empathy was statistically significantly higher than the levels of impulsiveness and tendency to risk-taking, a statistically significant difference was found between the analyzed variables - anxiety as a trait and anxiety as a condition. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: The results of the study allowed us to isolate the specific personality traits of patients suffering from congenital heart defects.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista , Infecções por Coronavirus , Forame Oval Patente , Cardiopatias Congênitas , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Betacoronavirus , Cardiopatias Congênitas/epidemiologia , Humanos , Personalidade
5.
J Assoc Physicians India ; 68(11): 42-45, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33187036

RESUMO

Background: Nearly one third of all major congenital anomalies are due to congenital heart disease (CHD). Globally the prevalence of CHD in adults varies from 0.66 to 40.0 per 1000 study population. In India the prevalence of CHD is 1.09 to 543 per 1000 study population. CHD is a major global health burden because of increased mortality and morbidity associated with it. Early diagnosis and management can be helpful in improving survival rates, quality of life and prognosis in patients suffering from CHD. Aims and Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the echocardiographic profile of CHD in Western Rajasthan, India in population above 12 years of age. Methods: This retrospective study was carried out at department of Cardiology and Pediatrics of Dr. S. N. Medical College and attached group of hospitals in Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India. The presence of CHD among all patients above 12 years of age who underwent transthoracic echocardiography over a period of around 4 years from July 2014 to April 2018 was analyzed. Results: A total of 256 patients above 12 years of age were identified as having CHD out of the 33,228 patients who underwent echocardiography during the study period, thus giving a prevalence of 7.7 per 1000 study population. Amongst the total diagnosed CHD cases, 137 (53.52%) patients were male with male to female ratio of 1.15:1. CHDs were diagnosed more commonly between 13 to 24 years of age (54.69%). The commonest type of CHD in the present study was atrial septal defect (27.34%) whereas the most common cyanotic CHD was tetralogy of Fallot (10.94%). Conclusion: Prevalence of CHD in study cohort of age more than 12 years in Western Rajasthan, India was 7.7 per 1000 study population. Profile of CHDs in the present study was similar to that in published literature. We propose to do larger and targeted studies in this age group because many CHDs will become inoperable or even if operated will leave some or other cardiac dysfunction beyond adolescence.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias Congênitas , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatias Congênitas/epidemiologia , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
7.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4992, 2020 10 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33020487

RESUMO

Prenatal detection of congenital heart disease facilitates the opportunity for potentially life-saving care immediately after the baby is born. Echocardiography is routinely used for screening of morphological malformations, but functional measurements of blood flow are scarcely used in fetal echocardiography due to technical assumptions and issues of reliability. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is readily used for quantification of abnormal blood flow in adult hearts, however, existing in utero approaches are compromised by spontaneous fetal motion. Here, we present and validate a novel method of MRI velocity-encoding combined with a motion-robust reconstruction framework for four-dimensional visualization and quantification of blood flow in the human fetal heart and major vessels. We demonstrate simultaneous 4D visualization of the anatomy and circulation, which we use to quantify flow rates through various major vessels. The framework introduced here could enable new clinical opportunities for assessment of the fetal cardiovascular system in both health and disease.


Assuntos
Coração Fetal/diagnóstico por imagem , Coração Fetal/fisiologia , Tomografia Computadorizada Quadridimensional/métodos , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo , Vasos Sanguíneos/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Sanguíneos/fisiologia , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatias Congênitas/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Imagens de Fantasmas , Gravidez , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal
9.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 10: CD013400, 2020 10 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33112424

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Congenital heart disease (ConHD) affects approximately 1% of all live births. People with ConHD are living longer due to improved medical intervention and are at risk of developing non-communicable diseases. Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is reduced in people with ConHD, who deteriorate faster compared to healthy people. CRF is known to be prognostic of future mortality and morbidity: it is therefore important to assess the evidence base on physical activity interventions in this population to inform decision making. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of all types of physical activity interventions versus standard care in individuals with congenital heart disease. SEARCH METHODS: We undertook a systematic search on 23 September 2019 of the following databases: CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, AMED, BIOSIS Citation Index, Web of Science Core Collection, LILACS and DARE. We also searched ClinicalTrials.gov and we reviewed the reference lists of relevant systematic reviews. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included randomised controlled trials (RCT) that compared any type of physical activity intervention against a 'no physical activity' (usual care) control. We included all individuals with a diagnosis of congenital heart disease, regardless of age or previous medical interventions.  DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two review authors (CAW and CW) independently screened all the identified references for inclusion. We retrieved and read all full papers; and we contacted study authors if we needed any further information. The same two independent reviewers who extracted the data then processed the included papers, assessed their risk of bias using RoB 2 and assessed the certainty of the evidence using the GRADE approach. The primary outcomes were: maximal cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) assessed by peak oxygen consumption; health-related quality of life (HRQoL) determined by a validated questionnaire; and device-worn 'objective' measures of physical activity. MAIN RESULTS: We included 15 RCTs with 924 participants in the review. The median intervention length/follow-up length was 12 weeks (12 to 26 interquartile range (IQR)). There were five RCTs of children and adolescents (n = 500) and 10 adult RCTs (n = 424). We identified three types of intervention: physical activity promotion; exercise training; and inspiratory muscle training. We assessed the risk of bias of results for CRF as either being of some concern (n = 12) or at a high risk of bias (n = 2), due to a failure to blind intervention staff. One study did not report this outcome. Using the GRADE method, we assessed the certainty of evidence as moderate to very low across measured outcomes. When we pooled all types of interventions (physical activity promotion, exercise training and inspiratory muscle training), compared to a 'no exercise' control CRF may slightly increase, with a mean difference (MD) of 1.89 mL/kg-1/min-1 (95% CI -0.22 to 3.99; n = 732; moderate-certainty evidence). The evidence is very uncertain about the effect of physical activity and exercise interventions on HRQoL. There was a standardised mean difference (SMD) of 0.76 (95% CI -0.13 to 1.65; n = 163; very low certainty evidence) in HRQoL. However, we could pool only three studies in a meta-analysis, due to different ways of reporting. Only one study out of eight showed a positive effect on HRQoL. There may be a small improvement in mean daily physical activity (PA) (SMD 0.38, 95% CI -0.15 to 0.92; n = 328; low-certainty evidence), which equates to approximately an additional 10 minutes of physical activity daily (95% CI -2.50 to 22.20). Physical activity and exercise interventions likely result in an increase in submaximal cardiorespiratory fitness (MD 2.05, 95% CI 0.05 to 4.05; n = 179; moderate-certainty evidence). Physical activity and exercise interventions likely increase muscular strength (MD 17.13, 95% CI 3.45 to 30.81; n = 18; moderate-certainty evidence). Eleven studies (n = 501) reported on the outcome of adverse events (73% of total studies). Of the 11 studies, six studies reported zero adverse events. Five studies reported a total of 11 adverse events; 36% of adverse events were cardiac related (n = 4); there were, however, no serious adverse events related to the interventions or reported fatalities (moderate-certainty evidence). No studies reported hospital admissions. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: This review summarises the latest evidence on CRF, HRQoL and PA. Although there were only small improvements in CRF and PA, and small to no improvements in HRQoL, there were no reported serious adverse events related to the interventions. Although these data are promising, there is currently insufficient evidence to definitively determine the impact of physical activity interventions in ConHD. Further high-quality randomised controlled trials are therefore needed, utilising a longer duration of follow-up.


Assuntos
Exercícios Respiratórios , Aptidão Cardiorrespiratória/fisiologia , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/reabilitação , Adolescente , Adulto , Viés , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Força Muscular , Consumo de Oxigênio/fisiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
10.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 15(1): 297, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33008444

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: While the aneurysms of the membranous septum (AVS) are rare, the possibility that they lead to obstruction is even rarer. To the best of our knowledge, 11 similar cases have been reported since 1982. CASE PRESENTATION: Initially, the five-year-old boy was evaluated for dyspnoea that had been present since birth. He did not receive any medical treatment until the previous year. At the age of four, the transthoracic echocardiography showed a large aneurysm extending to the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) and causing RVOT stenosis. Complete surgical resection of the aneurysmal tissue was performed, and the boy was discharged home in satisfactory condition. CONCLUSIONS: As the occurrence of RVOT obstruction by a membranous ventricular septal aneurysm is very rare, we are reporting the second case in which an aneurysm of the membranous septum dynamically obstructed the RVOT in a child. We are also reviewing all the previously reported similar cases in the literature. Further studies are needed to obtain a more comprehensive understanding of aneurysms of the membranous septum (AVS).


Assuntos
Aneurisma Cardíaco/cirurgia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Comunicação Interventricular/cirurgia , Septo Interventricular/cirurgia , Pré-Escolar , Dispneia/etiologia , Ecocardiografia , Aneurisma Cardíaco/complicações , Cardiopatias Congênitas/complicações , Comunicação Interventricular/complicações , Ventrículos do Coração , Humanos , Masculino
11.
Mymensingh Med J ; 29(4): 1004-1009, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33116109

RESUMO

Noonan's syndrome is a developmental disorder characterized by short stature, typical facial dysmorphia, congenital heart defects and skeletal deformity. It may be sporadic or inherited as an autosomal dominant or recessive trait which occurs, one in 1000-2500 live births. We report a case of 16 years young girl presented to the hospital with short stature, Shortness of breath, morphologic features and congenital heart defect of Noonan Syndrome who has no similar history in the family and admitted in Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University on 12th August 2018.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias Congênitas , Síndrome de Noonan , Feminino , Humanos , Síndrome de Noonan/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Noonan/genética , Fenótipo
12.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 113(10): 607-616, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33039325

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Red blood cell distribution width (RDW) is a predictor of adverse outcomes in patients with heart disease. AIM: To establish predictors of high RDW values in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD), and their relationship with cardiovascular events. METHODS: Overall, 561 patients with stable CHD who attended a single outpatient clinic and a matched control population of 2128 patients were studied. Exclusion criteria were renal failure, anaemia, receiving iron therapy and cyanosis. Blood tests included glucose, creatinine, iron, apoferritin, liver enzymes and a complete blood count. C-reactive protein and N-terminal prohormone of B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP) concentrations were also measured in patients with CHD. Major adverse cardiac events (MACE) were defined as cardiovascular/total mortality, arterial thrombotic events, arrhythmias, major bleedings, pulmonary embolism or heart failure needing hospital admission. RESULTS: The median age in patients with CHD was 23 (17-36) years and the median follow-up time was 5.8 (3.2-8.7) years; 103 (4.8%) controls and 40 (7.1%) patients with CHD had an RDW>15% (P=0.032). During follow-up, MACE were reported in 48 patients. CHD of great complexity, cardiovascular risk factors, low haemoglobin concentration and high NT-pro-BNP concentration were risk factors for an RDW>15%. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed a significantly worse cardiovascular outcome in patients with CHD with an RDW>15% (P<0.001). The multivariable survival analysis determined that age, CHD of great complexity, high NT-pro-BNP concentration and an RDW>15% were independent predictive factors for MACE. CONCLUSION: RDW and NT-pro-BNP concentration are independent analytical predictors of MACE in patients with CHD.


Assuntos
Índices de Eritrócitos , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/sangue , Cardiopatias Congênitas/complicações , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(42): e22740, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33080735

RESUMO

Prolonged heart rate-corrected QT (QTc) interval is an independent risk factor for sudden cardiac death, which is the hallmark of Timothy syndrome (TS). There are little data on children with syndactyly and QTc prolongation.To evaluate the characteristics and long-term outcomes in children with syndactyly, and to attempt to identify TS in patients with syndactyly and QTc prolongation.This is a retrospective case-control study of children with syndactyly who visited Beijing Jishuitan Hospital between July 2003 and February 2013. The patients with prolonged QTc intervals are matched 1:4 with patients without prolongation. Genetic testing of the CACNA1C gene is routinely performed in patients with QTc prolongation.The mean age at admission is 3.4 ±â€Š2.3 years. Compared with the normal QTc group, those with QTc prolongation showed higher frequencies of congenital heart disease (11.8% vs 1.5%, P = .042), mental retardation and facial dysmorphia (11.8% vs 0, P = .004), and T wave alternans (23.5% vs 4.4%, P = .01). In the multivariable analysis, only T wave alternans (OR = 10.61, 95%CI: 1.39-81.16, P = .023) is independently associated with QTc prolongation in patients with syndactyly. One child with QTc prolongation had a mutation in the CACNA1C gene. No patients with prolonged QTs interval met the threshold for TS.Children with syndactyly and prolonged QTc interval had more multisystem diseases and electrocardiography abnormalities. T wave alternans is independently associated with QTc prolongation in patients with syndactyly.


Assuntos
Síndrome do QT Longo/epidemiologia , Sindactilia/epidemiologia , Canais de Cálcio Tipo L/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Anormalidades Craniofaciais/epidemiologia , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/epidemiologia , Humanos , Deficiência Intelectual/epidemiologia , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Mutação , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 45(7): 812-818, 2020 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879085

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore the method and significance of prenatal counseling in cardiac surgery for fetal congenital heart disease (CHD). METHODS: The prenatal counseling should be provided by experienced CHD experts. The preliminary clinical diagnosis based on relevant data was carried out, the prognosis risk for fetal CHD was graded, and the pathophysiological process and potential hazards of the disease were analyzed. The current condition of CHD in the treatment plan, the long-term quality of life, and the special requirements of parturition in place, period and mode were described. A reliable follow-up system of the fetuses was established, the diagnosis after delivery was verified, and surgical treatment was carried out timely. RESULTS: From January 2016 to December 2018, 225 parents with fetal CHD received prenatal counseling, including 60 fetuses (26.7%) with simple CHD and 165 (73.3%) with complex CHD, among which 59 cases (98.3%) and 93 cases (56.4%) decided to continue the pregnancy, respectively. During the follow-up, 118 fetuses were born, of which 66 infants received surgical treatment within 6 months after birth, 63 infants (95.5%) recovered and 3 infants (4.5%) died. The rest 52 infants continued to be followed up. CONCLUSIONS: The prenatal counseling for fetal CHD can provide the parents a comprehensive medical information about CHD, which is beneficial to making appropriate pregnancy decisions, and can turn the fetuses from unreasonable birth and passive treatment to selective birth and active treatment in CHD.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Aconselhamento , Feminino , Feto , Humanos , Gravidez , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal , Qualidade de Vida , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal
16.
Emerg Med Clin North Am ; 38(4): 819-839, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32981620

RESUMO

Pediatric cardiac arrest is a relatively rare but devastating presentation in infants and children. In contrast to adult patients, in whom a primary cardiac dysrhythmia is the most likely cause of cardiac arrest, pediatric patients experience cardiovascular collapse most frequently after an initial respiratory arrest. Aggressive treatment in the precardiac arrest state should be initiated to prevent deterioration and should focus on support of oxygenation, ventilation, and hemodynamics, regardless of the presumed cause. Unfortunately, outcomes for pediatric cardiac arrest, whether in hospital or out of hospital, continue to be poor.


Assuntos
Parada Cardíaca/terapia , Ressuscitação/métodos , Manuseio das Vias Aéreas , Glicemia/análise , Criança , Maus-Tratos Infantis/terapia , Cardioversão Elétrica , Eletroencefalografia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Epinefrina/uso terapêutico , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea , Parada Cardíaca/etiologia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/terapia , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Hipotermia/complicações , Hipotermia/terapia , Hipotermia Induzida , Pneumopatias/terapia , Pais , Exame Físico , Envenenamento/terapia , Avaliação de Processos em Cuidados de Saúde , Valores de Referência , Insuficiência Respiratória/terapia , Taxa Respiratória , Ordens quanto à Conduta (Ética Médica) , Sepse/terapia , Choque/etiologia , Choque/terapia , Vasoconstritores/uso terapêutico , Ferimentos e Lesões/terapia
17.
Int Heart J ; 61(5): 979-983, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921662

RESUMO

The Fontan procedure is a palliative surgery performed for patients with complex congenital heart disease who exhibit functional single ventricular physiology. Although clinical outcomes of the Fontan procedure have improved in recent years and most patients who undergo the procedure reach adulthood, Fontan-associated liver disease (FALD) is a noncardiovascular complication that has become increasingly common; its risk factors remain unknown.A total of 95 patients who underwent the Fontan procedure and who were followed up for at least three years at Gunma Children's Medical Center and Kitasato University Hospital between 1996 and 2015 were retrospectively enrolled in this study.The mean age of the patients at the time of Fontan procedure was 2.3 ± 1.4 years. Overall, 21 patients (23.1%) experienced FALD. All Fontan procedures were performed with extracardiac total cavopulmonary connection using 16-mm expanded polytetrafluoroethylene grafts. The presence of systemic right ventricle, requirement of pulmonary vasodilator, application of a non-fenestrated Fontan procedure, and absence of fenestration flow at the time of follow-up catheter examination were identified as predictors of FALD using univariate analysis. All these factors, except the requirement of pulmonary vasodilator, remained significant predictors of FALD in multivariate logistic regression analysis.Patients with a systemic right ventricle who undergo the Fontan procedure are at a high risk of FALD in the mid-term. Creating fenestration at the time of Fontan and maintaining the fenestration flow may reduce the mid-term risk of FALD.


Assuntos
Técnica de Fontan/métodos , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Hepatopatias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Vasodilatadores/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Bilirrubina/sangue , Pressão Venosa Central/fisiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Lactente , Hepatopatias/sangue , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/sangue , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resistência Vascular
20.
Radiol Med ; 125(11): 1167-1185, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32955650

RESUMO

Advances in the treatment have drastically increased the survival rate of congenital heart disease (CHD) patients. Therefore, the prevalence of these patients is growing. Imaging plays a crucial role in the diagnosis and management of this population as a key component of patient care at all stages, especially in those patients who survived into adulthood. Over the last decades, noninvasive imaging techniques, such as cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and cardiac computed tomography (CCT), progressively increased their clinical relevance, reaching stronger levels of accuracy and indications in the clinical surveillance of CHD. The current review highlights the main technical aspects and clinical applications of CMR and CCT in the setting of congenital cardiovascular abnormalities, aiming to address a state-of-the-art guidance to every physician and cardiac imager not routinely involved in the field.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem Cardíaca/métodos , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Humanos , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética/métodos
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