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1.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 15(1): 297, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33008444

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: While the aneurysms of the membranous septum (AVS) are rare, the possibility that they lead to obstruction is even rarer. To the best of our knowledge, 11 similar cases have been reported since 1982. CASE PRESENTATION: Initially, the five-year-old boy was evaluated for dyspnoea that had been present since birth. He did not receive any medical treatment until the previous year. At the age of four, the transthoracic echocardiography showed a large aneurysm extending to the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) and causing RVOT stenosis. Complete surgical resection of the aneurysmal tissue was performed, and the boy was discharged home in satisfactory condition. CONCLUSIONS: As the occurrence of RVOT obstruction by a membranous ventricular septal aneurysm is very rare, we are reporting the second case in which an aneurysm of the membranous septum dynamically obstructed the RVOT in a child. We are also reviewing all the previously reported similar cases in the literature. Further studies are needed to obtain a more comprehensive understanding of aneurysms of the membranous septum (AVS).


Assuntos
Aneurisma Cardíaco/cirurgia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Comunicação Interventricular/cirurgia , Septo Interventricular/cirurgia , Pré-Escolar , Dispneia/etiologia , Ecocardiografia , Aneurisma Cardíaco/complicações , Cardiopatias Congênitas/complicações , Comunicação Interventricular/complicações , Ventrículos do Coração , Humanos , Masculino
2.
Ann Agric Environ Med ; 27(3): 384-387, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32955219

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Single ventricle anomaly is one of the complex congenital heart defects. A dependable non-invasive method of evaluation of Fontan circulation haemodynamics for early diagnosing unstable patients is hardly available in routine clinical practice. The aim of the study is non-invasive evaluation of the haemodynamic parameters in patients after Fontan operation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 11 participants (age 24.4±4.3 years) with functionally univentricular hearts after Fontan operation. Evaluation of haemodynamic parameters was performed in supine and sitting positions using the impedance cardiography method. RESULTS: In comparative analysis, heart rate (70.1 vs.78.3 1/min; p=0.001), diastolic blood pressure (73.9 vs. 76.7 mm Hg; p=0.026), mean arterial blood pressure (84.5 vs. 88.0 mm Hg; p=0.013), systemic vascular resistance (1284.8 vs. 1334.9 dyn*s*cm-5; p=0.024), systemic vascular resistance index (2178.7 vs. 2272.8 dyn*s*cm-5*m2 ; p=0.018), pre-ejection period (124.2 vs. 136.2 ms; p=0.009), systolic time ratio (0.43 vs. 0.53; p=0.0001), and Zo (26.2 vs. 28.7 Ω; p<0.00001), were significantly higher in the sitting position. Stroke volume (75.4 vs. 68.5 ml; p=0.013), stroke index (42.7 vs. 39.0 ml*m-2; p=0.014), thoracic fluid content (38.5 vs. 35.4 1*kΩ-1; p=<0.00001), thoracic fluid content index (22.8 vs. 21.0 1*kΩ-1*m-2; p=<0.00001), and leftventricular ejection time 291.1 vs. 260.1 ms; p <0.00001, were significantly higher in the supine position. CONCLUSIONS: In patients after Fontan procedure, impedance cardiography can be a useful tool the assessment of shortterm haemodynamic changes provoked by postural changes. Its clinical value in patients with congenital heart defects should be further investigated.


Assuntos
Pressão Sanguínea , Técnica de Fontan/efeitos adversos , Frequência Cardíaca , Resistência Vascular , Adulto , Cardiografia de Impedância , Cardiopatias Congênitas/fisiopatologia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Humanos , Polônia , Adulto Jovem
4.
Int Heart J ; 61(5): 979-983, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921662

RESUMO

The Fontan procedure is a palliative surgery performed for patients with complex congenital heart disease who exhibit functional single ventricular physiology. Although clinical outcomes of the Fontan procedure have improved in recent years and most patients who undergo the procedure reach adulthood, Fontan-associated liver disease (FALD) is a noncardiovascular complication that has become increasingly common; its risk factors remain unknown.A total of 95 patients who underwent the Fontan procedure and who were followed up for at least three years at Gunma Children's Medical Center and Kitasato University Hospital between 1996 and 2015 were retrospectively enrolled in this study.The mean age of the patients at the time of Fontan procedure was 2.3 ± 1.4 years. Overall, 21 patients (23.1%) experienced FALD. All Fontan procedures were performed with extracardiac total cavopulmonary connection using 16-mm expanded polytetrafluoroethylene grafts. The presence of systemic right ventricle, requirement of pulmonary vasodilator, application of a non-fenestrated Fontan procedure, and absence of fenestration flow at the time of follow-up catheter examination were identified as predictors of FALD using univariate analysis. All these factors, except the requirement of pulmonary vasodilator, remained significant predictors of FALD in multivariate logistic regression analysis.Patients with a systemic right ventricle who undergo the Fontan procedure are at a high risk of FALD in the mid-term. Creating fenestration at the time of Fontan and maintaining the fenestration flow may reduce the mid-term risk of FALD.


Assuntos
Técnica de Fontan/métodos , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Hepatopatias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Vasodilatadores/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Bilirrubina/sangue , Pressão Venosa Central/fisiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Lactente , Hepatopatias/sangue , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/sangue , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resistência Vascular
5.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 45(7): 812-818, 2020 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879085

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore the method and significance of prenatal counseling in cardiac surgery for fetal congenital heart disease (CHD). METHODS: The prenatal counseling should be provided by experienced CHD experts. The preliminary clinical diagnosis based on relevant data was carried out, the prognosis risk for fetal CHD was graded, and the pathophysiological process and potential hazards of the disease were analyzed. The current condition of CHD in the treatment plan, the long-term quality of life, and the special requirements of parturition in place, period and mode were described. A reliable follow-up system of the fetuses was established, the diagnosis after delivery was verified, and surgical treatment was carried out timely. RESULTS: From January 2016 to December 2018, 225 parents with fetal CHD received prenatal counseling, including 60 fetuses (26.7%) with simple CHD and 165 (73.3%) with complex CHD, among which 59 cases (98.3%) and 93 cases (56.4%) decided to continue the pregnancy, respectively. During the follow-up, 118 fetuses were born, of which 66 infants received surgical treatment within 6 months after birth, 63 infants (95.5%) recovered and 3 infants (4.5%) died. The rest 52 infants continued to be followed up. CONCLUSIONS: The prenatal counseling for fetal CHD can provide the parents a comprehensive medical information about CHD, which is beneficial to making appropriate pregnancy decisions, and can turn the fetuses from unreasonable birth and passive treatment to selective birth and active treatment in CHD.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Aconselhamento , Feminino , Feto , Humanos , Gravidez , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal , Qualidade de Vida , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal
6.
Pediatr Clin North Am ; 67(5): 973-993, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32888693

RESUMO

This article aims to summarize some of the key advances in congenital interventional cardiology over the past few years, from novel imaging technologies, such as virtual reality, fusion imaging, and 3-dimensional printed models, to newly available devices and techniques to facilitate complex procedures including percutaneous pulmonary valve replacement and hybrid procedures. It is an exciting time for the field, with rapid development of techniques, devices, and imaging tools that allow a minimally invasive approach for many congenital cardiac defects with progressively less radiation and contrast doses.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Cardiologia/tendências , Diagnóstico por Imagem/métodos , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/tendências , Humanos
7.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 40(6): 864-868, 2020 Jun 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32895199

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the median effective dose (ED50) of intranasal dexmedetomidine for procedural sedation in uncooperative pediatric patients with acyanotic congenital heart disease before and after cardiac surgery. METHODS: We prospectively recruited 47 children (22 in preoperative group and 25 in postoperative group) who needed sedation for transthoracic echocardiography (TTE). A modified up-and-down sequential study design was employed to determine dexmedetomidine dose for each patient with a starting dose of 2 µg/kg in both groups; dexmedetomidine doses for subsequent subjects were determined according to the responses from the previous subject using the up-and-down method at a 0.25 µg/kg interval. The ED95 was determined using probit regression. The onset time, examination time, wake-up time and adverse effects were measured, and the safety was evaluated in terms of changes in vital signs every 5 min. RESULTS: The ED50 value of intranasal dexmedetomidine for sedation was 1.84 µg/kg (95% CI: 1.68-2.00 µg/kg) in children with congenital heart disease before cardiac surgery, and 3.38 µg/kg (95% CI: 3.21-3.54 µg/kg) after the surgery. No significant difference was found between the two groups in the demographic variables, onset time, examination time, wake-up time, or adverse effects. CONCLUSIONS: In children with acyanotic congenital heart disease, the ED50 of intranasal dexmedetomidine for TTE sedation increases to 3.38 µg/ kg after cardiac surgery from the preoperative value of 1.84 µg/kg.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Cardiopatias Congênitas , Administração Intranasal , Criança , Dexmedetomidina , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Humanos , Hipnóticos e Sedativos
8.
J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) ; 21(9): 654-659, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32740498

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: By the end of February 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic infection had spread in Northern Italy, with thousands of patients infected. In Lombardy, the most affected area, the majority of public and private hospitals were dedicated to caring for COVID-19 patients and were organized following the 'Hub-and-Spoke' model for other medical specialties, like cardiac surgery and interventional procedures for congenital cardiac disease (CHD). Here, we report how the congenital cardiac care system was modified in Lombardy and the first results of this organization. METHODS: We describe a modified 'Hub-and-Spoke' model - that involves 59 birthplaces and three specialized Congenital Cardiac Centers -- and how the hub center organized his activity. We also reported the data of the consecutive cases hospitalized during this period. RESULTS: From 9 March to 15 April, we performed: a total of 21 cardiac surgeries, 4 diagnostic catheterizations, 3 CT scans, and 2 CMR. In three cases with prenatal diagnosis, the birth was scheduled. The spoke centers referred to our center six congenital cardiac cases. The postop ExtraCorporeal Membrane Oxygenation support was required in two cases; one case died. None of these patients nor their parents or accompanying person was found to be COVID-19-positive; 2 pediatric intensivists were found to be COVID-19-positive, and needed hospitalization without mechanical ventilation; 13 nurses had positive COVID swabs (4 with symptoms), and were managed and isolated at home. CONCLUSION: Our preliminary data suggest that the model adopted met the immediate needs with a good outcome without increased mortality, nor COVID-19 exposure for the patients who underwent procedures.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Serviço Hospitalar de Cardiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus , Cardiopatias Congênitas , Controle de Infecções , Pandemias , Assistência Perinatal , Pneumonia Viral , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviço Hospitalar de Cardiologia/organização & administração , Serviço Hospitalar de Cardiologia/tendências , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/epidemiologia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Controle de Infecções/organização & administração , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Modelos Organizacionais , Inovação Organizacional , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Assistência Perinatal/métodos , Assistência Perinatal/organização & administração , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/métodos , Gravidez
9.
Pediatrics ; 146(3)2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32817266

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To test the effect of a 4-month telehealth home monitoring program (REACH), layered on usual care, on postdischarge outcomes in parents of infants recovering from cardiac surgery and their infants. METHODS: Randomized trial of infants discharged from the hospital after cardiac surgery for congenital heart disease. Consecutive infants with complex congenital heart disease undergoing cardiac surgery within 21 days of life were enrolled at 3 university-affiliated pediatric cardiac centers. RESULTS: From 2012 to 2016, 219 parent-infant dyads were enrolled; 109 were randomly assigned to the intervention group and 110 to the control group. At 4 months postdischarge, parenting stress was not significantly different between groups (total Parenting Stress Index in the intervention group was 220 and in the control group was 215; P = .61). The percentages of parents who met posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) criteria and parent quality of life inventory scores were also not significantly different between the 2 groups (PTSD in the intervention group was 18% and was 18% in the control group; P =.56; the mean Ulm Quality of Life Inventory for Parents in the intervention group was 71 andwas 70 in the control group; P = .88). Infant growth in both groups was suboptimal (the mean weight-for-age z scores were -1.1 in the intervention group and -1.2 in the control group; P = .56), and more infants in the intervention group were readmitted to the hospital (66% in the intervention group versus 57% in the control group; P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: When added to usual care, the REACH intervention was not associated with an improvement in parent or infant outcomes. Four months after neonatal heart surgery, ∼20% of parents demonstrate PTSD symptoms. Suboptimal infant growth and hospital readmissions were common.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Pais/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Telemedicina , Adulto , Feminino , Transtornos do Crescimento/epidemiologia , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Monitorização Ambulatorial/métodos , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Cardiol Young ; 30(7): 946-954, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32613934

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by a novel betacoronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), has led to an unexpected outbreak affecting people of all ages. The first data showed that COVID-19 could cause severe pulmonary disease, cardiac injury, and death in adults, especially the elderly and those with concomitant diseases. Currently, it was demonstrated that severe COVID-19 may also develop in neonatal age, although rarely. Newborns with CHD are known to be at high risk for increased morbidity from viral lower respiratory tract infections because of underlying anatomical cardiac lesions. There are limited data on the implications of COVID-19 on patients with cardiovascular disease, especially for those with CHD. Herein, we aimed to summarise the COVID-19-specific perioperative management issues for newborns with CHD by combining available data from the perspectives of neonatology and paediatric cardiovascular surgery.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Assistência Perioperatória , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão
11.
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson ; 22(1): 49, 2020 06 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32600420

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The right ventricle (RV) often fails when functioning as the systemic ventricle, but the cause is not understood. We tested the hypothesis that myofiber organization is abnormal in the failing systemic right ventricle. METHODS: We used diffusion-weighted cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging to examine 3 failing hearts explanted from young patients with a systemic RV and one structurally normal heart with postnatally acquired RV hypertrophy for comparison. Diffusion compartment imaging was computed to separate the free diffusive component representing free water from an anisotropic component characterizing the orientation and diffusion characteristics of myofibers. The orientation of each anisotropic compartment was displayed in glyph format and used for qualitative description of myofibers and for construction of tractograms. The helix angle was calculated across the ventricular walls in 5 locations and displayed graphically. Scalar parameters (fractional anisotropy and mean diffusivity) were compared among specimens. RESULTS: The hypertrophied systemic RV has an inner layer, comprising about 2/3 of the wall, composed of hypertrophied trabeculae and an epicardial layer of circumferential myofibers. Myofibers within smaller trabeculae are aligned and organized with parallel fibers while larger, composite bundles show marked disarray, largely between component trabeculae. We observed a narrow range of helix angles in the outer, compact part of the wall consistent with aligned, approximately circumferential fibers. However, there was marked variation of helix angle in the inner, trabecular part of the wall consistent with marked variation in fiber orientation. The apical whorl was disrupted or incomplete and we observed myocardial whorls or vortices at other locations. Fractional anisotropy was lower in abnormal hearts while mean diffusivity was more variable, being higher in 2 but lower in 1 heart, compared to the structurally normal heart. CONCLUSIONS: Myofiber organization is abnormal in the failing systemic RV and might be an important substrate for heart failure and arrhythmia. It is unclear if myofiber disorganization is due to hemodynamic factors, developmental problems, or both.


Assuntos
Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Miocárdio/patologia , Miofibrilas/patologia , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/diagnóstico por imagem , Função Ventricular Direita , Adolescente , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/patologia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/fisiopatologia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/patologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/cirurgia , Transplante de Coração , Ventrículos do Coração/patologia , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Ventrículos do Coração/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/patologia , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
12.
World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg ; 11(5): 548-556, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32662334

RESUMO

As recovery of congenital heart surgery programs begins during this COVID-19 pandemic, we review key considerations such as screening, protection of patients and health care workers (HCWs), case prioritization, barriers to reactivation, redesign of patient care teams, contribution of telemedicine, modification of trainees' experiences, preparation for potential resurgence, and strategies to maintain HCW wellness. COVID-19 has tested the resolve and grit of our specialty and we have an opportunity to emerge more refined.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/complicações , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia
13.
Br J Anaesth ; 125(3): 321-329, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32636084

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac cycle efficiency (CCE) derived from a pressure-recording analytical method is a unique parameter to assess haemodynamic performance from an energetic view. This study investigated changes of CCE according to an anatomical diagnosis group, and its association with early postoperative outcomes in children undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: Ninety children were included with a ventricular septal defect (VSD; n=30), tetralogy of Fallot (TOF; n=40), or total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC; n=20). CCE along with other haemodynamic parameters, was recorded from anaesthesia induction until 48 h post-surgery. Predictive CCE (CCEp) was defined as the average of CCE at post-modified ultrafiltration and CCE at the end of surgery. The relationship between CCE and early outcomes was assessed by the comparison between the high-CCEp group (CCEp ≥75th centile) and the low-CCEp group (CCEp ≤25th centile). RESULTS: There was a significant time × diagnostic group interaction effect in the trend of CCE. Compared with the high-CCEp group (n=23), the low-CCEp group (n=22) required more inotropics post-surgery, had higher lactate concentrations at 8 and 24 h post-surgery, a longer intubation time and longer ICU stay, and higher frequency of peritoneal fluid. CONCLUSIONS: Perioperative changes of CCE vary according to anatomical diagnosis in children undergoing cardiac surgery. Children with TOF have an unfavourable trend of CCE compared with children with VSD or TAPVC. A decline in CCE is associated with adverse early postoperative outcomes. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ChiCTR1800014996.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Coração/fisiopatologia , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Assistência Perioperatória/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 160(2): 522-528, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32507689
15.
Pediatrics ; 146(1)2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32503936

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients are surviving decades after congenital heart surgery (CHS), raising the importance of postoperative quality of life as an outcome measure. We determined the long-term social outcomes after CHS performed during childhood. METHODS: Between 1953 and 2009, 10 635 patients underwent surgery for congenital heart defects at <15 years of age in Finland. We obtained 4 control subjects per patient, matched by age, sex, birth time, and hospital district, from Statistics Finland, which also provided data on the highest education level, employment status, marital status, and progeny for both patients and control subjects. We included patients who were alive and ≥18 years of age at the end of the follow-up on December 31, 2017. RESULTS: A total of 7308 patients met inclusion criteria. Patients had on average similar high school or vocational education rates as the general population but lower undergraduate or higher education rates (female patients: risk ratio [RR] 0.8 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.8-0.9]; male patients: RR 0.8 [95% CI 0.7-0.9]). Patients were less likely to be married or have progeny compared with the general population. The rate of employment was significantly lower (female patients: RR 0.8 [95% CI 0.8-0.9]; male patients: RR 0.8 [95% CI 0.8-0.9]) and the rate of retirement (female patients: RR 2.1 [95% CI 2.0-2.3]; male patients RR 3.1 [95% CI 2.9-3.5]) significantly higher among patients. CONCLUSIONS: Patients who undergo CHS at childhood age are, on average, more disadvantaged from both an educational and professional standpoint compared with the general population, regardless of the severity of the defect.


Assuntos
Escolaridade , Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Casamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Sociológicos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
JAMA ; 323(24): 2485-2492, 2020 06 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32573670

RESUMO

Importance: Corticosteroids are widely used in pediatric cardiac surgery to blunt systemic inflammatory response and to reduce complications; nevertheless, their clinical efficacy is uncertain. Objective: To determine whether intraoperative administration of dexamethasone is more effective than placebo for reducing major complications and mortality during pediatric cardiac surgery. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Intraoperative Dexamethasone in Pediatric Cardiac Surgery was an investigator-initiated, double-blind, multicenter randomized trial that involved 4 centers in China, Brazil, and Russia. A total of 394 infants younger than 12 months, undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass were enrolled from December 2015 to October 2018, with follow-up completed in November 2018. Interventions: The dexamethasone group (n = 194) received 1 mg/kg of dexamethasone; the control group (n = 200) received an equivolume of 0.9% sodium chloride intravenously after anesthesia induction. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary end point was a composite of death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, need for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, need for cardiopulmonary resuscitation, acute kidney injury, prolonged mechanical ventilation, or neurological complications within 30 days after surgery. There were 17 secondary end points, including the individual components of the primary end point, and duration of mechanical ventilation, inotropic index, intensive care unit stay, readmission to intensive care unit, and length of hospitalization. Results: All of the 394 patients randomized (median age, 6 months; 47.2% boys) completed the trial. The primary end point occurred in 74 patients (38.1%) in the dexamethasone group vs 91 patients (45.5%) in the control group (absolute risk reduction, 7.4%; 95% CI, -0.8% to 15.3%; hazard ratio, 0.82; 95% CI, 0.60 to 1.10; P = .20). Of the 17 prespecified secondary end points, none showed a statistically significant difference between groups. Infections occurred in 4 patients (2.0%) in the dexamethasone group vs 3 patients (1.5%) in the control group. Conclusions and Relevance: Among infants younger than 12 months undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass, intraoperative administration of dexamethasone, compared with placebo, did not significantly reduce major complications and mortality at 30 days. However, the study may have been underpowered to detect a clinically important difference. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02615262.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Dexametasona/uso terapêutico , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Cuidados Intraoperatórios , Complicações Cognitivas Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/mortalidade , Ponte Cardiopulmonar , Dexametasona/efeitos adversos , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Complicações Cognitivas Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade
17.
Cardiol Young ; 30(9): 1288-1296, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32576329

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In this report, we aim to present our algorithm and results of patients with congenital cardiac disorders who underwent surgical or interventional procedures during the peak phase of the pandemics in our country. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The first COVID-19 case was diagnosed in Turkey on 11 March, 2020, and the peak phase seemed to end by the end of April. All the patients whom were referred, treated, or previously operated but still at the hospital during the peak phase of COVID-19 pandemics in the country were included into this retrospective study. Patient's diagnosis, interventions, adverse events, and early post-procedural courses were studied. RESULTS: Thirty-one patients with various diagnoses of congenital cardiovascular disorders were retrospectively reviewed. Ages of the patients ranged between 2 days and 16 years. Seventeen cases were males and 14 cases were females. Elective cases were postponed. Priority was given to interventional procedures, and five cases were treated percutaneously. Palliative procedures were preferred in patients whom presumably would require long hospital stay. Corrective procedures were not hesitated in prioritised stable patients. Mortality occurred in one patient. Eight patients out of 151 ICU admissions were diagnosed with COVID-19, and they were transferred to COVID-19 ICU immediately. Three nurses whom also took care of the paediatric cases became infected with SARS-CoV-2; however, the children did not catch the disease. CONCLUSION: Mandatory and emergent congenital cardiac percutaneous and surgical procedures may be performed with similar postoperative risks as there are no pandemics with meticulous care and preventive measures.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardiovasculares , Infecções por Coronavirus , Cardiopatias Congênitas , Controle de Infecções/organização & administração , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Adolescente , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardiovasculares/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardiovasculares/estatística & dados numéricos , Pré-Escolar , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico , Cardiopatias Congênitas/epidemiologia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Seleção de Pacientes , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Turquia/epidemiologia
18.
Cardiol Young ; 30(8): 1196-1198, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32522306

RESUMO

Little is know about COVID-19 outcome in specific populations such as Adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) patients. We report three cases of adult patients with similar underlying disease with completely different clinical severity at the time of COVID-19 infection. The patient with the most severe clinical course was obese and diabetic, suggesting that COVID-19 mortality and morbidity in Adult congenital heart disease patients might be independent of anatomic complexity.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Cardiopatias Congênitas/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Adulto , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Complicações do Diabetes/complicações , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/complicações , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Insuficiência Renal/complicações , Fatores de Risco
19.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(3): 166-172, jun. 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1102720

RESUMO

Introducción. En las últimas décadas, el desarrollo de métodos diagnósticos, técnicas quirúrgicas y cuidados intensivos, aumentó la sobrevida de los niños con cardiopatía congénita. En este contexto, las secuelas a largo plazo adquirieron mayor relevancia. La calidad de vida relacionada con la salud mide el impacto de las enfermedades crónicas. Nuestro objetivo fue describir la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud en pacientes con cardiopatía congénita operados durante el primer año de vida.Población y métodos. Estudio observacional, transversal, realizado entre agosto de 2017 y diciembre de 2018 en un hospital general universitario. Se utilizó el cuestionario PedsQL 4.0, versión genérica. Se incluyeron pacientes de entre 2 y 4 años con cardiopatía congénita operados durante el primer año de vida y niños sanos. Se compararon los resultados con T-Test o Wilcoxon según la distribución observada. Se consideró significativo el valor de p < 0,05.Resultados. Se incluyeron 31 pacientes. El 26 % tenían ventrículo único. La primera cirugía fue, en un 61,3 %, en el período neonatal. No hubo diferencia (p = 0,10) entre la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud global de la población con cardiopatía congénita y de los niños sanos. Sin embargo, se observaron puntajes más bajos con diferencia estadísticamente significativa en las esferas social (p = 0,0092) y escolar (p = 0,0001).Conclusiones. Nuestra cohorte de niños con cardiopatía congénita tiene una calidad de vida global comparable con la de los niños sanos, excepto en las escalas correspondientes a funcionamiento social y escolar.


Introduction. Advances in diagnostic methods, surgical techniques and postoperative intensive care have significantly increased the survival rates for children with congenital heart disease.In this context, long term sequelae acquired greater relevance. Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is a concept that helps to measure the impact of chronic diseases.The purpose of the current study was to describe HRQOL in children with congenital heart disease that undergo cardiac surgery during their first year of life.Methods. A cross-sectional observational study was conducted between August 2017 and December 2018 at a University General Hospital. PedsQL 4.0 Generic Core Scales were used.Children with congenital heart disease between 2 and 4 years old who had cardiac surgery during their first year of life and healthy children were included.Scores were compared with T-test or Wilcoxon according to the observed distribution. p value < 0.05 was considered significant.Results. A total of 31 children with congenital heart disease (26 % with a single ventricle) and 62 healthy children were enrolled. The first surgery was in the neonatal period in 61.3 %.Our study showed no statistical differences (p = 0.10) between HRQOL Total Scale Score of children with congenital heart disease compared to healthy children. However, lower scores were observed with statistically significant differences in social (p = 0.0092) and school (p = 0.0001) scales.Conclusions. Our cohort of children diagnosed with congenital heart disease has a global quality of life comparable with healthy children except in social and school functioning scales.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Qualidade de Vida , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Doença Crônica , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos
20.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(3): 173-179, jun. 2020. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1102723

RESUMO

La hernia diafragmática congénita (HDC) es una enfermedad de baja prevalencia, con elevada morbimortalidad. Los factores pronósticos posnatales, durante el primer día de vida, son útiles para la toma de decisiones.Objetivos. Determinar la capacidad predictiva de los factores posnatales ecocardiográficos, clínicos y bioquímicos de mortalidad en los recién nacidos con HDC durante el primer día de vida.Método. Estudio observacional analítico de cohorte retrospectiva. Se incluyeron los pacientes con HDC, en forma consecutiva, desde marzo de 2012 a noviembre de 2018. Se analizaron como predictores el índice de oxigenación (IO), valor más alto de presión parcial de dióxido de carbono en sangre (pCO2), puntaje de gravedad SNAPPE II, ecocardiograma, dosaje de NT-pro péptido natriurético B (NT-proPNB), todos medidos en el primer día de vida.Resultados. La población fue de 178 pacientes con HDC. La sobrevida, del 75 %. El 24 % recibió oxigenación por membrana extracorpórea. La presencia precoz de hipertensión pulmonar sistémica o suprasistémica no mostró capacidad predictiva (OR 2,2; IC 95 %: 0,8-8), p = 0,1. NT-proPNB tampoco mostró buena discriminación (área bajo la curva (ABC) 0,46, p = 0,67). El IO, SNAPPE II y el valor más alto de pCO2 mostraron buena discriminación, ABC IO 0,82, ABC SNAPPE II 0,86 y ABC pCO2 0,75, p < 0,001.Conclusión.SNAPPE II, IO y valor más alto de pCO2, medidos el primer día de vida, mostraron buena capacidad predictiva con respecto a la evolución; SNAPPE II fue superior al IO y al valor más alto de CO2.


Introduction: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) prevalence is low while its associated morbidity and mortality rates are high. Postnatal prognostic factors on the first day of life are useful for predicting the outcome. Objectives: To determine the mortality predictive ability of postnatal echocardiographic, clinical, and biochemical factors among newborn infants with CDH in their first day of life. Method: Observational analytical study of a retrospective cohort. Patients with CDH were consecutively included between March 2012 and November 2018. On the first day of life, analyzed predictors were the oxygenation index (OI), the highest partial pressure of carbon dioxide (pCO2) level in blood, the SNAPPE II severity score, the echocardiography, and the N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NTproBNP) value. Results: The population consisted of 178 patients with CDH. Survival was 75 %. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation was used in 24 %. The early onset of systemic or suprasystemic pulmonary hypertension showed no predictive ability (OR: 2.2, 95 % CI: 0.8-8), p = 0.1. NT-proBNP did not show good discrimination either (area under the curve [AUC]: 0.46, p = 0.67). The OI, SNAPPE II score, and the highest pCO2 level showed adequate discrimination power, AUC for OI: 0.82, AUC for SNAPPE II: 0.86, and AUC for pCO2: 0.75, p < 0.001. Conclusion: The SNAPPE II score, the OI, and the highest pCO2 level measured on the first day of life, showed a good predictive ability in terms of the course of the disease; the SNAPPE II score was better than the OI and the highest pCO2 level.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Hérnias Diafragmáticas Congênitas/mortalidade , Mortalidade Infantil , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/complicações , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Hérnia Diafragmática/diagnóstico por imagem
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