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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(4): e23325, 2021 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33530157

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The impact of prenatal diagnosis on the survival outcome of infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) is still unclear. This study aimed to compare the 1-year survival rate between the prenatally and postnatally diagnosed infants with CHDs.A single-center population-based retrospective cohort study was performed on data from all infants diagnosed with CHD born between January 1998 and December 2017. Among infants with isolated CHDs, the 1-year Kaplan-Meier survival probabilities for prenatal and postnatal diagnosis were estimated. Cox proportional hazard ratios were adjusted for critical CHD (CCHD) status and gestational age.A total of 424 (40 prenatally and 384 postnatally) diagnosed infants with CHDs were analyzed. Compared with non-CCHDs, infants with CCHDs were more likely to be prenatally diagnosed (55.0% vs 18.0%; P < .001). Among the 312 infants with isolated CHDs, the 1-year survival rate for the prenatally diagnosed was significantly lower than postnatally diagnosed (77.1% vs 96.1%; P < .001). For isolated CCHDs, the 1-year survival rate for the prenatally diagnosed was significantly lower than postnatally diagnosed (73.4% vs 90.0%; P < .001). The 1-year survival rate was increased with the increase of age at diagnosis. Among infants with isolated CHDs and CCHDs, the adjusted hazard ratios for 1-year mortality rates for the prenatally versus postnatally diagnosed were 2.554 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.790, 3.654; P < .001) and 2.538 (95% CI: 1.796, 3.699; P < .001), respectively.Prenatal diagnosis is associated with lower 1-year survival rate for infants with isolated CCHDs. This could probably due to variation in the disease severity among the CCHD subtypes.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatias Congênitas/mortalidade , Cuidado Pós-Natal/estatística & dados numéricos , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal/estatística & dados numéricos , Ultrassonografia/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Lactente , Mortalidade Infantil , Recém-Nascido , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Gravidez , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo
3.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(1)2021 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33509886

RESUMO

A 16-month-old, healthy, asymptomatic male child presented with a diagnosis of dilated cardiomyopathy. Cardiovascular examination and chest radiograph were normal. ECG revealed sinus rhythm, and the augmented vector left lead showed raised ST segment, T wave inversion and q waves. Echocardiography showed a globular left ventricle with notched cardiac apex, abnormal echogenicity in the left ventricular apical myocardium, single papillary muscle and normal biventricular function. Cardiac MRI scan revealed a globular left ventricle with fibrofatty changes and retraction of the apex, the papillary muscles closely approximated, and the right ventricle wrapping around the apex of the left ventricle. This is described as isolated left ventricular apical hypoplasia. Diagnosis of this rare entity can be made by MRI, and it has been diagnosed largely in adults. The pathophysiology and long-term outcomes are unknown. We characterise the echocardiography findings of this rare anomaly in a child for the first time in the literature.


Assuntos
Doenças Assintomáticas , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Ventrículos do Coração/anormalidades , Ecocardiografia , Eletrocardiografia , Humanos , Lactente , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino
4.
Cardiovasc Pathol ; 50: 107277, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32882373

RESUMO

Mitral valve is a complex cardiac structure composed of several components to work in synchrony to allow blood flow into left ventricle during diastole and not to allow blood flow into left atrium during systole. Accessory mitral valve tissue (AMVT) was defined as existence of any additional part and parcel of valvular structure which has an attachment to normal mitral valve apparatus in left-sided cardiac chambers. AMVT may present itself in different clinical circumstances ranging from a silent clinical course to thromboembolic events, heart failure, left ventricular outflow tract obstruction, and severe arrhythmia. This article reviews the clinical perspectives of AMVT in terms of symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment, providing a new anatomical classification regarding the location of AMVT. Briefly type I refers to AMVT having attachments on the supra leaflets level, type II refers to attachments on the mitral leaflets, and type III refers to attachment below the mitral leaflets. Increased awareness and widespread use of echocardiographic techniques would increase recognition of AMVT in patients with heart murmurs but otherwise healthy and in those with left ventricular outflow tract obstruction or tissue which causes subaortic stenosis and with unexplained cerebrovascular events.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias Congênitas , Valva Mitral/anormalidades , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatias Congênitas/fisiopatologia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/terapia , Humanos , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Tromboembolia/etiologia , Obstrução do Fluxo Ventricular Externo/etiologia
5.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 55(12): 837-842, 2020 Dec 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33355758

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize the experience of perioperative management strategy of fetal pulmonary valvuloplasty (FPV) for hypoplastic right heart syndrome (HRHS). Methods: In the retrospective study of perioperative data, 13 fetuses of HRHS were treated with FPV in Qingdao Women and Children's Hospital from July 2018 to June 2019. Results: (1) The evaluation indexes of the right ventricle in 13 fetuses before FPV: the mean ratio of tricuspid/mitral annulus, right/left ventricular length, pulmonary/aortic annulus, and tricuspid inflow time/cardiac cycle were 0.81±0.04, 0.56±0.14, 0.69±0.06, and 0.35±0.03, respectively. (2) All pregnant mothers underwent general anesthesia. The basic fetal heart rate was (156±12) beats per minutes before FPV, and 9 fetuses showed bradycardia during the operation, and recovered to normal after drug resuscitation. On the first day after FPV, two cases had bradycardia and pregnancy was terminated. The fluctuation of systolic blood pressure of pregnant mother was less than 20%, and there was no significant difference between preoperative and intraoperative pulse pressure [(36.0±5.6) vs (35.8±6.9) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa); t=8.102, P=0.951]. (3) All cases of HRHS fetus successfully underwent FPV. The average gestational age was (27.3±0.8) weeks. The average operation time was (23.2±1.0) minutes. The ratio of tricuspid to mitral annulus (t=-2.513, P=0.022) and the ratio of right to left ventricular length (t=-3.373, P=0.003) were significantly improved at 6 weeks postoperatively. Ten fetuses were delivered, and there was no death after early intervention. (4) Of 13 pregnant women, 3 cases were nausea and vomiting on the day of FPV operation, the treatment of the symptoms was improved by tropisetron; one case had tolerable abdominal pain and improved without special treatment. Pregnant women had no major complications such as cardiac failure, abortion and death. (5) Chromosome karyotype analysis and microarray analysis of amniotic fluid was retained during the operation. No typical chromosome abnormality or other abnormal genetic diagnosis was found. Conclusions: FPV colud be used as an effective intervention measure to promote the development of right ventricle in HRHS fetuses. The scientific management of multidisciplinary professional technical team in perioperative period is particularly important to ensure the success of FPV and the safety of pregnant women and fetuses.


Assuntos
Coração Fetal/cirurgia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Criança , Feminino , Coração Fetal/diagnóstico por imagem , Idade Gestacional , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/congênito , Humanos , Assistência Perioperatória , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
J Assoc Physicians India ; 68(11): 42-45, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33187036

RESUMO

Background: Nearly one third of all major congenital anomalies are due to congenital heart disease (CHD). Globally the prevalence of CHD in adults varies from 0.66 to 40.0 per 1000 study population. In India the prevalence of CHD is 1.09 to 543 per 1000 study population. CHD is a major global health burden because of increased mortality and morbidity associated with it. Early diagnosis and management can be helpful in improving survival rates, quality of life and prognosis in patients suffering from CHD. Aims and Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the echocardiographic profile of CHD in Western Rajasthan, India in population above 12 years of age. Methods: This retrospective study was carried out at department of Cardiology and Pediatrics of Dr. S. N. Medical College and attached group of hospitals in Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India. The presence of CHD among all patients above 12 years of age who underwent transthoracic echocardiography over a period of around 4 years from July 2014 to April 2018 was analyzed. Results: A total of 256 patients above 12 years of age were identified as having CHD out of the 33,228 patients who underwent echocardiography during the study period, thus giving a prevalence of 7.7 per 1000 study population. Amongst the total diagnosed CHD cases, 137 (53.52%) patients were male with male to female ratio of 1.15:1. CHDs were diagnosed more commonly between 13 to 24 years of age (54.69%). The commonest type of CHD in the present study was atrial septal defect (27.34%) whereas the most common cyanotic CHD was tetralogy of Fallot (10.94%). Conclusion: Prevalence of CHD in study cohort of age more than 12 years in Western Rajasthan, India was 7.7 per 1000 study population. Profile of CHDs in the present study was similar to that in published literature. We propose to do larger and targeted studies in this age group because many CHDs will become inoperable or even if operated will leave some or other cardiac dysfunction beyond adolescence.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias Congênitas , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatias Congênitas/epidemiologia , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
8.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4992, 2020 10 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33020487

RESUMO

Prenatal detection of congenital heart disease facilitates the opportunity for potentially life-saving care immediately after the baby is born. Echocardiography is routinely used for screening of morphological malformations, but functional measurements of blood flow are scarcely used in fetal echocardiography due to technical assumptions and issues of reliability. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is readily used for quantification of abnormal blood flow in adult hearts, however, existing in utero approaches are compromised by spontaneous fetal motion. Here, we present and validate a novel method of MRI velocity-encoding combined with a motion-robust reconstruction framework for four-dimensional visualization and quantification of blood flow in the human fetal heart and major vessels. We demonstrate simultaneous 4D visualization of the anatomy and circulation, which we use to quantify flow rates through various major vessels. The framework introduced here could enable new clinical opportunities for assessment of the fetal cardiovascular system in both health and disease.


Assuntos
Coração Fetal/diagnóstico por imagem , Coração Fetal/fisiologia , Tomografia Computadorizada Quadridimensional/métodos , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo , Vasos Sanguíneos/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Sanguíneos/fisiologia , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatias Congênitas/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Imagens de Fantasmas , Gravidez , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal
9.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents ; 34(4 Suppl. 2): 99-106, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33000608

RESUMO

This study examined the prevalence and distribution of elevated systolic pulmonary arterial pressure, measured by echocardiography, in young patients with down syndrome associated or not with congenital heart disease and surgical correction during childhood. Pulmonary artery systolic pressure, computed by regurgitant tricuspid flow velocity evaluation, is the most frequently used parameter for the screening of pulmonary hypertension. Down syndrome and congenital heart disease often coexist and the probability to detect elevated systolic pulmonary arterial pressure in this setting is high. However, little is known about the evaluation of pulmonary arterial pressure during growth of patients with down syndrome with or without congenital heart disease. We enrolled 47 young patients (55% of male sex; mean age: 18.4 ± 6.0 years), 40 with congenital heart disease and 7 without a cardiac defect. Systolic pulmonary arterial pressure was assessed by echocardiography. No difference was found in the population dichotomized by presence or absence of CHD. Only male sex (p=0.000), highly sensitive troponin-T (P=0.027), tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE, p=0.045) and sPAP (p=0.004) were elevated in surgical group. The ASD was found as, the most common structural abnormality in our patients (50%), followed by VSD (27.5%) and complex CHD (such as complete atrioventricular canal defect, CAVC = 25% and Fallot disease = 15%). Furthermore, about 45% of patients had the combined defect. Only 37.5% of patients underwent to corrective surgery during the first months of life. We observed a significantly increase of sPAP values in patients with complex CHD, such as CAVC (p=0.019) and Fallot disease (p=0.001) but, in the following multivariate analysis performed in the patients with CHD, only Fallot disease remains as independent predictors of elevated values of sPAP (p=0.022). An elevated systolic pulmonary arterial pressure may represent the key screening tool in the diagnostic assessment of suspect pulmonary arterial hypertension in high risk population with down syndrome regardless the presence of congenital heart disease.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Down , Cardiopatias Congênitas , Adolescente , Pressão Sanguínea , Criança , Síndrome de Down/complicações , Síndrome de Down/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome de Down/epidemiologia , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/complicações , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatias Congênitas/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto Jovem
10.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents ; 34(4 Suppl. 2): 91-97, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33000607

RESUMO

Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is the most common endocrine disease in children, according to literature, infants with CH have an increased risk of associated congenital malformations (CM), especially cardiac defects (CD), compared to the general population. We retrospectively analyzed medical records of 255 patients with a positive screening result for CH in the period 1991-2016 followed at our Center. At the time of enrollment, the clinical examination included looking for the presence of heart murmurs and dysmorphic features. In all patients an echocardiography with cardiological evaluation were performed. Of all patients, 191 were included in the final analysis. Of these, 51.3% (98/191) presented an eutopic normally sized thyroid gland while 48.7% (93/191) showed a thyroid dysgenesis. Among the studied infants, 13.6% (26/191) presented CD. The most frequent cardiac anomaly was atrial septal defect (ASD) which was found in 65.4% (17/26) of patients with CD. Other defects were ventricular septal defect (VSD), patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), pulmonary valve stenosis (PvS), transposition of the great vessels (TGV), aortic valve stenosis (AvS). Six patients had multiple defects. In the analysed group, there was no significant relation with sex, type of CH, median blood-TSH (b-TSH) and serum-TSH (s-TSH) values and frequency of CD. There is a high prevalence of CD in CH, indicating the need of routine echocardiography in these patients to achieve an early diagnosis and management of CD.


Assuntos
Hipotireoidismo Congênito , Cardiopatias Congênitas , Criança , Hipotireoidismo Congênito/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipotireoidismo Congênito/epidemiologia , Ecocardiografia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/complicações , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatias Congênitas/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann ; 28(8): 520-532, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878458

RESUMO

Computational fluid dynamics has become an important tool for studying blood flow dynamics. As an in-silico collection of methods, computational fluid dynamics is noninvasive and provides numerical values for the most important parameters of blood flow, such as velocity and pressure that are crucial in hemodynamic studies. In this primer, we briefly explain the basic theory and workflow of the two most commonly applied computational fluid dynamics techniques used in the congenital heart disease literature: the finite element method and the finite volume method. We define important terminology and include specific examples of how using these methods can answer important clinical questions in congenital cardiac surgery planning and perioperative patient management.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemodinâmica , Modelos Cardiovasculares , Modelagem Computacional Específica para o Paciente , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Cardiopatias Congênitas/fisiopatologia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/terapia , Humanos , Hidrodinâmica , Valor Preditivo dos Testes
13.
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson ; 22(1): 68, 2020 09 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32938483

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) phase contrast (PC) flow measurements suffer from phase offset errors. Background subtraction based on stationary phantom measurements can most reliably be used to overcome this inaccuracy. Stationary tissue correction is an alternative and does not require additional phantom scanning. The aim of this study was 1) to compare measurements with and without stationary tissue correction to phantom corrected measurements on different GE Healthcare CMR scanners using different software packages and 2) to evaluate the clinical implications of these methods. METHODS: CMR PC imaging of both the aortic and pulmonary artery flow was performed in patients on three different 1.5 T CMR scanners (GE Healthcare) using identical scan parameters. Uncorrected, first, second and third order stationary tissue corrected flow measurement were compared to phantom corrected flow measurements, our reference method, using Medis QFlow, Circle cvi42 and MASS software. The optimal (optimized) stationary tissue order was determined per scanner and software program. Velocity offsets, net flow, clinically significant difference (deviation > 10% net flow), and regurgitation severity were assessed. RESULTS: Data from 175 patients (28 (17-38) years) were included, of which 84% had congenital heart disease. First, second and third order and optimized stationary tissue correction did not improve the velocity offsets and net flow measurements. Uncorrected measurements resulted in the least clinically significant differences in net flow compared to phantom corrected data. Optimized stationary tissue correction per scanner and software program resulted in net flow differences (> 10%) in 19% (MASS) and 30% (Circle cvi42) of all measurements compared to 18% (MASS) and 23% (Circle cvi42) with no correction. Compared to phantom correction, regurgitation reclassification was the least common using uncorrected data. One CMR scanner performed worse and significant net flow differences of > 10% were present both with and without stationary tissue correction in more than 30% of all measurements. CONCLUSION: Phase offset errors had a significant impact on net flow quantification, regurgitation assessment and varied greatly between CMR scanners. Background phase correction using stationary tissue correction worsened accuracy compared to no correction on three GE Healthcare CMR scanners. Therefore, careful assessment of phase offset errors at each individual scanner is essential to determine whether routine use of phantom correction is necessary. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Observational Study.


Assuntos
Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemodinâmica , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética/instrumentação , Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Aorta/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo , Criança , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Imagens de Fantasmas , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Artéria Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto Jovem
14.
Radiol Med ; 125(11): 1167-1185, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32955650

RESUMO

Advances in the treatment have drastically increased the survival rate of congenital heart disease (CHD) patients. Therefore, the prevalence of these patients is growing. Imaging plays a crucial role in the diagnosis and management of this population as a key component of patient care at all stages, especially in those patients who survived into adulthood. Over the last decades, noninvasive imaging techniques, such as cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and cardiac computed tomography (CCT), progressively increased their clinical relevance, reaching stronger levels of accuracy and indications in the clinical surveillance of CHD. The current review highlights the main technical aspects and clinical applications of CMR and CCT in the setting of congenital cardiovascular abnormalities, aiming to address a state-of-the-art guidance to every physician and cardiac imager not routinely involved in the field.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem Cardíaca/métodos , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Humanos , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética/métodos
16.
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson ; 22(1): 56, 2020 08 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32753047

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Three-dimensional, whole heart, balanced steady state free precession (WH-bSSFP) sequences provide delineation of intra-cardiac and vascular anatomy. However, they have long acquisition times. Here, we propose significant speed-ups using a deep-learning single volume super-resolution reconstruction, to recover high-resolution features from rapidly acquired low-resolution WH-bSSFP images. METHODS: A 3D residual U-Net was trained using synthetic data, created from a library of 500 high-resolution WH-bSSFP images by simulating 50% slice resolution and 50% phase resolution. The trained network was validated with 25 synthetic test data sets. Additionally, prospective low-resolution data and high-resolution data were acquired in 40 patients. In the prospective data, vessel diameters, quantitative and qualitative image quality, and diagnostic scoring was compared between the low-resolution, super-resolution and reference high-resolution WH-bSSFP data. RESULTS: The synthetic test data showed a significant increase in image quality of the low-resolution images after super-resolution reconstruction. Prospectively acquired low-resolution data was acquired ~× 3 faster than the prospective high-resolution data (173 s vs 488 s). Super-resolution reconstruction of the low-resolution data took < 1 s per volume. Qualitative image scores showed super-resolved images had better edge sharpness, fewer residual artefacts and less image distortion than low-resolution images, with similar scores to high-resolution data. Quantitative image scores showed super-resolved images had significantly better edge sharpness than low-resolution or high-resolution images, with significantly better signal-to-noise ratio than high-resolution data. Vessel diameters measurements showed over-estimation in the low-resolution measurements, compared to the high-resolution data. No significant differences and no bias was found in the super-resolution measurements in any of the great vessels. However, a small but significant for the underestimation was found in the proximal left coronary artery diameter measurement from super-resolution data. Diagnostic scoring showed that although super-resolution did not improve accuracy of diagnosis, it did improve diagnostic confidence compared to low-resolution imaging. CONCLUSION: This paper demonstrates the potential of using a residual U-Net for super-resolution reconstruction of rapidly acquired low-resolution whole heart bSSFP data within a clinical setting. We were able to train the network using synthetic training data from retrospective high-resolution whole heart data. The resulting network can be applied very quickly, making these techniques particularly appealing within busy clinical workflow. Thus, we believe that this technique may help speed up whole heart CMR in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Coração/fisiopatologia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatias Congênitas/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Tempo , Fluxo de Trabalho , Adulto Jovem
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(31): e21486, 2020 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32756177

RESUMO

The diameter of femoral vessels was angiographically explored in pediatric patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) and compared with anthropometric and demographic indexes.A total of 153 pediatric patients younger than 3 years old were recruited. The sex, age, weight, and height of patients were recorded daily, and the body surface area (BSA) was calculated with the Mosteller formula.The values of mean left-right diameters were 3.13 (0.32) mm for the femoral artery (FA) and 5.14 (0.68) mm for the femoral vein (FV). The FA diameter (FA-Dm) and FV diameter (FV-Dm) were clearly related (R = 0.84, P < .001), and the FA-Dm/FV-Dm ratio ranged from 0.61 to 0.622. The diameters of femoral vessels were significantly correlated with age, height, weight and BSA (R = 0.63 to 0.73, P < .001). The FA-Dm and FV-Dm were most closely associated with the height of patients (FA-Dm: R = 0.73, P < .001; FV-Dm: R = 0.69, P < .001).The FV-Dm and FA-Dm were consistent with the weight, height, age and BSA in the surveyed pediatric patients. The FA-Dm and FV-Dm were closely associated with the height of pediatric patients. Furthermore, the FA-Dm/FV-Dm ratio was stable in these patients. Such estimations could help clinicians select the appropriate diameter of cannulation needles and catheters for interventional therapy pediatric patients with CHD.


Assuntos
Angiografia/estatística & dados numéricos , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Veia Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia/métodos , Antropometria , Superfície Corporal , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/patologia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Valores de Referência
18.
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol ; 319(4): H808-H813, 2020 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32857602

RESUMO

In univentricular (Fontan) physiology, peripheral and splanchnic vascular tone may be raised to counteract reduced cardiac output (CO) and elevated central venous pressure and thus maintain vital organ perfusion. This could negatively affect the normal cardiovascular response to food ingestion, where mesenteric vasodilation and a concurrent rise in CO are central. We sought to elucidate this using rapid cardiovascular MRI. Thirty fasting subjects (50% controls, 40% women and 60% men) ingested a standardized meal. Responses over ~50 min in mean arterial pressure (MAP), CO, and blood flow in all major aortic branches were measured, and regional vascular impedance (Z0) was calculated. Differences from baseline and between groups were assessed by repeated-measures mixed models. Compared with the control group, the Fontan patient group had greater fasting Z0 of the legs and kidneys, resulting in greater systemic Z0 and similar MAP. They further had similar blood flow to the digestive organs at baseline, despite larger variation in mesenteric resistance. Postprandially, blood flow to the legs decreased in the control group but not in the Fontan patient group. Increases in CO and superior mesenteric blood flow were similar in both groups, but the celiac response was blunted in the Fontan patient group. No significant differences in MAP responses were observed. In conclusion, alterations in vascular tone to counteract adverse hemodynamics and raised hepatic afterload may blunt vasoreactivity in the legs and the celiac axis in Fontan physiology. Further study is needed to determine whether blunted celiac or mesenteric vasoreactivity is linked to deteriorating hemodynamics and poor prognosis in Fontan patients.NEW & NOTEWORTHY Novel data on cardiovascular physiology in response to a meal in Fontan patients are presented. Using a previously validated dynamic MRI protocol, we demonstrated that the usual increase in cardiac output and the dilation of the superior mesenteric artery are preserved in clinically well Fontan patients. In contrast, vasoconstriction of the legs may have prevented redistribution of blood flow from this region in response to the meal. This may also affect responses to other types of stress. Celiac vasodilation was also absent in Fontan patients. This may be due to abnormal hepatic circulation. The proposed protocol may be used to study Fontan complications secondary to abnormal regional hemodynamics.


Assuntos
Ingestão de Alimentos , Técnica de Fontan , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Hemodinâmica , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Circulação Esplâncnica , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatias Congênitas/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Período Pós-Prandial , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
19.
Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann ; 28(8): 476-481, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32718181

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Data regarding predictors of the eventual need for postoperative peritoneal dialysis in infants undergoing open heart surgery is still limited. We aimed to determine whether prolonged cardiopulmonary bypass time, surgical complexity classified according to Risk Adjustment for Congenital Heart Surgery category, younger age, and lower body weight increase the probability of requiring postoperative peritoneal dialysis. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data of 181 infants who underwent open heart surgery at our institution from January 1 to December 31, 2018. Cardiopulmonary bypass time, Risk Adjustment for Congenital Heart Surgery category, age, body weight, and the need for postoperative peritoneal dialysis were recorded and analyzed. RESULTS: Thirteen (7.2%) of the 181 patients required postoperative peritoneal dialysis. This group was found to have a longer cardiopulmonary bypass time, younger age, and lower body weight. Longer cardiopulmonary bypass time (p = 0.001), higher Risk Adjustment for Congenital Heart Surgery category (p = 0.018), younger age (p < 0.001), and lower body weight (p < 0.001) significantly increased the risk of postoperative peritoneal dialysis. CONCLUSION: Longer cardiopulmonary bypass time, more complex surgery, younger age, and lower body weight increase the probability of requiring postoperative peritoneal dialysis in infants undergoing open heart surgery.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Nefropatias/terapia , Diálise Peritoneal , Fatores Etários , Peso Corporal , Ponte Cardiopulmonar , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatias Congênitas/epidemiologia , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Nefropatias/diagnóstico , Nefropatias/epidemiologia , Masculino , Duração da Cirurgia , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson ; 22(1): 49, 2020 06 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32600420

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The right ventricle (RV) often fails when functioning as the systemic ventricle, but the cause is not understood. We tested the hypothesis that myofiber organization is abnormal in the failing systemic right ventricle. METHODS: We used diffusion-weighted cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging to examine 3 failing hearts explanted from young patients with a systemic RV and one structurally normal heart with postnatally acquired RV hypertrophy for comparison. Diffusion compartment imaging was computed to separate the free diffusive component representing free water from an anisotropic component characterizing the orientation and diffusion characteristics of myofibers. The orientation of each anisotropic compartment was displayed in glyph format and used for qualitative description of myofibers and for construction of tractograms. The helix angle was calculated across the ventricular walls in 5 locations and displayed graphically. Scalar parameters (fractional anisotropy and mean diffusivity) were compared among specimens. RESULTS: The hypertrophied systemic RV has an inner layer, comprising about 2/3 of the wall, composed of hypertrophied trabeculae and an epicardial layer of circumferential myofibers. Myofibers within smaller trabeculae are aligned and organized with parallel fibers while larger, composite bundles show marked disarray, largely between component trabeculae. We observed a narrow range of helix angles in the outer, compact part of the wall consistent with aligned, approximately circumferential fibers. However, there was marked variation of helix angle in the inner, trabecular part of the wall consistent with marked variation in fiber orientation. The apical whorl was disrupted or incomplete and we observed myocardial whorls or vortices at other locations. Fractional anisotropy was lower in abnormal hearts while mean diffusivity was more variable, being higher in 2 but lower in 1 heart, compared to the structurally normal heart. CONCLUSIONS: Myofiber organization is abnormal in the failing systemic RV and might be an important substrate for heart failure and arrhythmia. It is unclear if myofiber disorganization is due to hemodynamic factors, developmental problems, or both.


Assuntos
Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Miocárdio/patologia , Miofibrilas/patologia , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/diagnóstico por imagem , Função Ventricular Direita , Adolescente , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/patologia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/fisiopatologia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/patologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/cirurgia , Transplante de Coração , Ventrículos do Coração/patologia , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Ventrículos do Coração/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/patologia , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
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