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1.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (1): 85-88, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31994505

RESUMO

Mini-thoracotomy is one of the most popular minimally invasive approaches. This approach is used in the treatment of congenital and acquired heart diseases and characterized less surgical trauma, intraoperative blood loss, pain syndrome severity, risk of infectious complications and better cosmetic results. Successful correction of atrial septal defect (ASD) through right-sided mini-thoracotomy is reported in the article.


Assuntos
Comunicação Interatrial/cirurgia , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Toracotomia/métodos , Cardiopatias/cirurgia , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Veias Pulmonares/anormalidades , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Rev Port Cir Cardiotorac Vasc ; 26(3): 199-204, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31734971

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients under dialysis have a high cardiovascular risk and they are at increased risk when submitted to cardiac surgery. AIM OF THE STUDY: to evaluate morbidity, early and late mortality, and predictive factors of mortality in patients under dialysis who underwent cardiac surgery. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was performed including all dialysis dependent patients who underwent cardiac surgery (coronary, valvular or combined procedures) in our institution between 2007 and 2014. A population of 95 consecutive patients was obtained (no exclusions). Perioperative variables and predictors of mortality were analysed and the endpoints were early and late mortality. Propensity score matching, with a control group of patients with creatinine clearance >90mL/min, was performed by logistic regression, with a 1:1 matching. Kaplan Meier curves were performed for late mortality. RESULTS: Early mortality was 9.4% (EuroSCORE II 4.1%). In univariate analysis, mean time of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) (p=0.016) and EuroSCORE II (p=0.02) were related with early mortality. In a multivariate analysis model, combined procedures (OR 138.09; CI95% 1.82-10498.4; p=0.03) and CCS (Canadian Cardiovascular Society) 3-4 (OR 70.951; CI 95% 1.32-3810.11; p=0.037) were predictors of mortality. In multivariable analysis, CPB time >152 min was a predictor of early mortality (p=0.001). After propensity score matching, 30 day, one year and late mortality were higher in the dialysis group. CONCLUSIONS: Early and late mortality were significantly higher in dialysis dependent patients. Predictive factors of mortality were CPB time and EuroSCORE II in univariable analysis, and CCS 3-4 and combined procedures in multivariable analysis.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/mortalidade , Cardiopatias/cirurgia , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/estatística & dados numéricos , Cardiopatias/complicações , Humanos , Falência Renal Crônica/complicações , Diálise Renal , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (10): 88-90, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626245

RESUMO

Cardiovascular diseases and malignancies are leading causes of mortality in the world. Two categories of advanced age patients with cancer are observed in clinical practice. These are patients with cardiovascular diseases as comorbidities and patients with cardiovascular diseases as a complications of targeted therapy for cancer. Cardiac toxicity of chemotherapeutic drugs results myocardial dysfunction, occurrence or progression of heart valve disease, coronary artery disease, arterial hypertension and thromboembolism. A patient who underwent aortic valve replacement and coronary artery bypass surgery is discussed in the article. Aortic valve disease and coronary artery disease were complications of targeted radio- and chemotherapy for sigmoid colon cancer followed by lung and liver metastases. Questions of timely diagnosis and treatment of advanced age patients in multi-field surgical clinic are also analyzed.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Cardiopatias/etiologia , Radioterapia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias do Colo Sigmoide/terapia , Valva Aórtica/efeitos dos fármacos , Valva Aórtica/efeitos da radiação , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/etiologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/etiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Cardiopatias/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Neoplasias do Colo Sigmoide/patologia
4.
Vasc Med ; 24(5): 431-438, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31543030

RESUMO

Optimal management of patients with internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis concurrent with severe cardiac disease remains undefined. The aim of this study is to evaluate the safety and feasibility of the one-day, sequential approach by carotid artery stenting (CAS) immediately followed by cardiac surgery. The study included 70 consecutive patients with symptomatic > 50% or ⩾ 80% asymptomatic ICA stenosis coexisting with severe coronary/valve disease, who underwent one-day, sequential CAS + cardiac surgery. The majority of patients (85.7%) had CSS class III or IV angina and 10% had non-ST elevation myocardial infarction. The EuroSCORE II risk was 2.4% (IQR 1.69-3.19%). All CAS procedures were performed according to the 'tailored' algorithm with a substantial use of proximal neuroprotection devices of 44.3%. Closed-cell (75.7%) and mesh-covered (18.6%) stents were implanted in most cases. The majority of patients underwent isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (88.6%) or isolated valve replacement (7.1%). No major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) occurred at the CAS stage. There were three (4.3%) perioperative MACCE: one myocardial infarction and two deaths. All MACCE were related to cardiac surgery and were due to the high surgical risk profile of the patients. Up to 30 days, no further MACCE were observed. No perioperative or 30-day neurological complications occurred. In this patient series, one-day, sequential CAS and cardiac surgery was relatively safe and did not result in neurological complications. Thus, a strategy of preoperative CAS could be considered for patients with severe or symptomatic ICA stenosis who require urgent cardiac surgery.


Assuntos
Artéria Carótida Interna , Estenose das Carótidas/terapia , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Cardiopatias/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Stents , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artéria Carótida Interna/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose das Carótidas/complicações , Estenose das Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose das Carótidas/mortalidade , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/mortalidade , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Cardiopatias/complicações , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatias/mortalidade , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 14(1): 164, 2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31511078

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Elevated white blood cell counts and leukocyte ratios are recognized markers of systemic inflammation associated with poor surgical outcomes. We analyzed the temporal stability and prognostic value of the preoperative Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and Lymphocyte-to-Neutrophil ratio (LNR) in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafts and/or valve surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 558 patients who underwent elective cardiac surgery between July 2014 and December 2016, excluding patients with immunosuppressed status. The stability of NLR and LNR was evaluated using interclass correlation coefficients. The patients were dichotomized into two groups, high NLR and low NLR, based on the median value of preoperative NLR in our cohort. A logistic regression model compared preoperative NLR and LNR values to clinical outcomes, including a composite of perioperative events and mid-term mortality. RESULTS: We identified that NLR reliability over time was good (ICC = .592; R-squared = .351), and LNR reliability over time was excellent (ICC = .761; R-squared = .601). Furthermore, an increased duration between collection dates was not significantly correlated with increased variability in NLR (Pearson Correlation Coefficient: -.111, p = .117). On multivariate model, neither high NLR (OR = .879, p = .168) nor low LNR (OR = 3.30, p = .214) was significantly associated with a composite of perioperative events, but increased LNR was associated with lower mid-term mortality (HR .001, p = .026). CONCLUSIONS: Both NLR and LNR were stable over time, up to 100 days, but LNR values were more consistent compared to NLR. High LNR was significantly associated with decreased risk of mid-term mortality, and LNR showed a stronger relationship with mid-term mortality than its NLR counterpart. Both of these findings indicate that LNR may be a more useful and valuable clinical marker.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Cardiopatias/cirurgia , Linfócitos/citologia , Neutrófilos/citologia , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Cardiopatias/sangue , Humanos , Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido , Contagem de Leucócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31497937

RESUMO

A 61-year-old male who lived for 30 years in a rural area presented chest pain of 3 months duration. Multiple hydatid cysts (Echinococcus granulosus) were diagnosed in the pericardium and the mediastinum by echocardiography and computed tomography. The cysts were removed successfully with the patient on cardiopulmonary bypass and beating heart.  This video tutorial shows how we removed the cysts, using the puncture-aspiration and enucleation technique.  Few videos of this technique exist, and we believe that this tutorial is a helpful demonstration of how to handle mediastinal and pericardial hydatid cysts.


Assuntos
Equinococose/cirurgia , Cardiopatias/cirurgia , Doenças do Mediastino/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Torácicos/métodos , Equinococose/diagnóstico , Equinococose/parasitologia , Ecocardiografia , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico , Cardiopatias/parasitologia , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças do Mediastino/diagnóstico , Doenças do Mediastino/parasitologia , Mediastino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pericárdio , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(31): e16640, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31374034

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Tumors in the heart are rare. Myxomas, rhabdomyomas, and fibromas are the most common benign cardiac tumors. Hamartoma of mature cardiomyocytes (HMCM) is another benign cardiac tumor, are very rare and have only been reported in a few literatures. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a case of 41-year-old male who suffered short of breath for 3 years, and lower limbs edema for 2 years. DIAGNOSES: Transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) and cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) showed a large amount of pericardial effusion and confirmed a mass of 18 × 14 mm on the superior vena cava near the outer edge of right atrium. The patient was first diagnosed as pleural mesothelioma. Surgery was performed to relieve the symptoms and confirm diagnoses. However, during surgery, we found the right atrium is apparently thicken with rough and uneven surface. Histology of right atrium mass indicated it as hamartoma of mature cardiomyocytes. INTERVENTION: We resected the thicken atrial wall completely, reconstructed right atrium with bovine pericardial patch, and resected the pericardium. OUTCOMES: Patient was discharged 9 days after surgery, and remained asymptomatic during 9 months follow up. LESSONS: Hamartoma of mature cardomyocytes is a rare benign cardiac tumor. There were 26 cases reported until now. The conclusive diagnosis depends on pathological sections. For patients with symptoms, surgery is an effective treatment for HMCM.


Assuntos
Hamartoma/patologia , Átrios do Coração/patologia , Cardiopatias/patologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/patologia , Adulto , Dispneia/etiologia , Ecocardiografia , Edema/etiologia , Hamartoma/complicações , Hamartoma/cirurgia , Cardiopatias/complicações , Cardiopatias/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino
8.
Int J Infect Dis ; 88: 21-26, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31382048

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Q fever endocarditis (QFE) is considered rare in the Middle East, with only a few cases reported in Saudi Arabia. The aim of this study is to report on the experience of our centre on QFE. METHODS: We searched the medical records for cases of QFE at our cardiac center from 2009-2018. Demographic data, clinical features, serology and echocardiography results, treatments, and outcomes were assessed. RESULTS: Five hundred and two cases of infective endocarditis were detected over the 10 years period. Among the 234 patients with blood culture-negative endocarditis (BCNE), 19 (8.10%) had QFE. All patients had a previously diagnosed congenital heart disease except for one patient with rheumatic heart disease. Eleven patients had received a bovine jugular vein-related implant, e.g., a Melody valve (seven patients) or Contegra conduit (four patients). Coinfection was detected in three patients, and immunologic and embolic phenomena were observed in five patients. All patients received a combination of hydroxychloroquine and doxycycline, with good outcomes. Only two patients required surgery while on treatment. Two patients died several months after treatment; the cause of death was not identified. CONCLUSION: This study indicates that Q fever exists in our population. The majority of the patients had congenital heart disease (CHD) and underwent bovine jugular vein implants. Patients with CHD are at increased risk of infective endocarditis. Bovine jugular vein implants increase the risk of infective and possibly QFE. Proper exclusion of Q fever is warranted in all BCNE and possibly in culture-positive endocarditis cases in areas endemic to Q fever. KEY POINTS: We presented the largest series of Q fever endocarditis cases in Saudi Arabia. We showed that Q fever is not rare in the Middle East and suggest that it should be considered in all blood culture-negative endocarditis cases.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Endocardite Bacteriana/diagnóstico , Cardiopatias/cirurgia , Febre Q/complicações , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Doxiciclina/uso terapêutico , Endocardite Bacteriana/epidemiologia , Endocardite Bacteriana/etiologia , Endocardite Bacteriana/microbiologia , Feminino , Cardiopatias/congênito , Humanos , Hidroxicloroquina/uso terapêutico , Veias Jugulares/cirurgia , Masculino , Registros Médicos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Febre Q/diagnóstico , Febre Q/epidemiologia , Febre Q/microbiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Adulto Jovem
9.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 4919416, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31321237

RESUMO

Purpose: Imaging artifacts are frequently encountered when performing clinical echocardiography. Based on our review of the literature, two-dimensional linear artifacts are mainly reported in the ascending aorta in patients with suspected aortic dissections. However, pulmonary artery artifacts that mimic pulmonary artery dissection have not been discussed. We herein report our experience with children and adults with preexisting heart conditions and pulmonary artery imaging artifacts. Methods: The study population comprised 10 patients with heart disease who were treated at our hospital from March 2015 to September 2017. Nine patients were children with congenital heart disease, mainly patent ductus arteriosus (n = 8), and one patient was an adult with pulmonary artery hypertension. Transthoracic echocardiography was performed in all patients. Results: We confirmed the diagnosis in six patients during a surgical operation for other indications and in four patients by computed tomographic pulmonary angiography. The most common pulmonary imaging artifact was observed from the left high parasternal view (9/10, 90%). Most of the artifacts were diagonally oriented (8/10, 80%), and a few were horizontally oriented. Half of the artifacts were located in the main pulmonary arteries with mild pulmonary artery dilatation. Pulmonary hypertension was seen only in the adult patient. The thymus gland was clearly seen in young patients. Conclusion: Pulmonary artery imaging artifacts in patients with preexisting heart disease during echocardiographic examination can mimic pulmonary artery dissection. Understanding the types and origins of these ultrasound artifacts is important to avoid a false-positive diagnosis.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose de Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico , Aneurisma Dissecante/fisiopatologia , Artefatos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Feminino , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico , Cardiopatias/fisiopatologia , Cardiopatias/cirurgia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Estenose de Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Estenose de Artéria Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Ultrassonografia/efeitos adversos , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Adulto Jovem
10.
Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 67(5): 331-344, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31311036

RESUMO

Based on a longtime voluntary registry, founded by the German Society for Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (GSTCVS), well-defined data of all cardiac, thoracic, and vascular surgery procedures performed in 78 German heart surgery departments during the year 2018 are analyzed. For this period, a total of 174,902 procedures were submitted to the registry, 98,707 summarized as heart surgery procedures in the classical meaning. The unadjusted in-hospital survival rate for 33,999 isolated coronary artery bypass grafting procedures (relationship on-/off-pump 3.8:1) was 97.1% and for 34,915 isolated heart valve procedures, 14,396 transcatheter interventions included, it was 96.0%. Concerning short- and long-term circulatory supports, a total of 2,871 extracorporeal life support (ECLS)/extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) implants, respectively, 942 assist device implantations (L-/R-/BVAD, TAH) were registered. In 2018, the number of isolated heart transplantations increased to 312, a growth of 23% compared with the previous year. The isolated lung transplantations reached 340, a rise of nearly 19%. This annual updated registry of the GSTCVS represents voluntary public reporting by accumulating actual information for nearly all heart surgical procedures in Germany, constitutes advancements in heart medicine, and is a basis for quality management for all participating institutions. In addition, the registry demonstrates that the provision of cardiac surgery in Germany is appropriate and nationwide patient treatment is guaranteed all the time.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/tendências , Cardiopatias/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/instrumentação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/mortalidade , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico , Cardiopatias/mortalidade , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Padrões de Prática Médica/tendências , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde/tendências , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Am J Case Rep ; 20: 933-936, 2019 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31256189

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Intracardiac thrombosis has been known to be associated with not only hepatocellular carcinoma but also with amyloidosis and use of a cardiac implantable electronic device. We report a case of a continuous tumor thrombus with hepatocellular carcinoma from the portal vein and hepatic vein to the right atrium via the inferior vena cava in a patient with a cardiac amyloidosis and an implanted cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) device. CASE REPORT A 68-year-old female first admitted to our hospital because of heart failure with an AL type primary cardiac amyloidosis. After 3 years, she underwent an implantation of a CRT device for biventricular pacing following repeated episodes of heart failure and low left ventricular ejection fraction of 34% with NYHA class III. Again, she presented with symptoms of heart failure and cardiomegaly on chest x-ray at 7 years after the CRT device implantation. The echocardiography showed a huge echogenic mass occupying the right atrium, and 64 multi-detector computed tomography showed a lobulated heterogeneously enhancing mass of hepatocellular carcinoma in the right upper lobe of her liver and a continuous tumor thrombus from the portal vein and hepatic vein to the right atrium via the inferior vena cava. CONCLUSIONS Intracardiac thrombosis and heart failure occurred in a patient with hepatocellular carcinoma and cardiac amyloidosis, who had an implanted CRT device, which resulted not only in hypercoagulability by the hepatocellular carcinoma itself and the accumulation of various risk factors, but also the progression of myocardial damage with the development of amyloidosis.


Assuntos
Amiloidose/complicações , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/complicações , Cardiopatias/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Neoplasias Hepáticas/complicações , Trombose/complicações , Idoso , Amiloidose/cirurgia , Dispositivos de Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Cardiopatias/cirurgia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/cirurgia , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Trombofilia , Trombose/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
13.
Acta Myol ; 38(2): 33-36, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31309180

RESUMO

Mutations in the LMNA gene are associated with a wide spectrum of disease phenotypes, ranging from neuromuscular, cardiac and metabolic disorders to premature aging syndromes. Skeletal muscle involvement may present with different phenotypes: limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 1B or LMNA-related dystrophy; autosomal dominant Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy; and a congenital form of muscular dystrophy, frequently associated with early onset of arrhythmias. Heart involvement may occur as part of the muscle involvement or independently, regardless of the presence of the myopathy. Notably conduction defects and dilated cardiomyopathy may exist without a muscle disease. This paper will focus on cardiac diseases presenting as the first manifestation of skeletal muscle hereditary disorders such as laminopathies, inspired by two large families with cardiovascular problems long followed by conventional cardiologists who did not suspect a genetic muscle disorder underlying these events. Furthermore it underlines the need for a multidisciplinary approach in these disorders and how the figure of the cardio-myo-geneticist may play a key role in facilitating the diagnostic process, and addressing the adoption of appropriate prevention measures.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias/etiologia , Lamina Tipo A/genética , Doenças Musculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Musculares/genética , Mutação/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico , Cardiopatias/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Linhagem , Adulto Jovem
14.
Cir. pediátr ; 32(3): 150-153, jul. 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-183735

RESUMO

Introducción: La fístula colopericárdica (FCP) constituye una complicación rara de la cirugía de reemplazo esofágico cuya incidencia se desconoce. Por este motivo presentamos el siguiente caso y realizamos una revisión bibliográfica. Caso clínico: Paciente de sexo femenino de 17 años de edad que consulta por dificultad respiratoria y dolor precordial de 5 días de evolución. Antecedentes: atresia esofágica de tipo long gap (esofagostoma y gastrostomía, posterior ascenso colónico). Se diagnostica inicialmente neumonía bilateral. Evoluciona rápidamente a estado de sepsis. En la radiografía de tórax se constata neumopericardio. Estudio contrastado hidrosoluble confirma diagnóstico de fístula colopericárdica. Se instaura tratamiento quirúrgico, a pesar de ello la paciente fallece por distrés respiratorio. Comentario: La FCP es una entidad muy grave, que presenta un alto índice de mortalidad. Se deben conocer las formas de presentación clínica y los métodos complementarios de confirmación diagnóstica para realizar el tratamiento adecuado


Clinical case: 17-year-old female patient of age consults for respiratory distress and precordial pain of 5 days of evolution. Background: Long gap esophageal atresia (esophagostoma and feeding gastrostomy, subsequent colonic graft). Bilateral pneumonia is initially diagnosed. It rapidly evolves to a state of sepsis. On chest x-ray, pneumopericardium is observed. Water-soluble contrasted study confirms diagnosis of colopericardial fistula. Surgical treatment is established, despite this the patient dies due to respiratory distress. Comment: Colopericardial fistula is a very serious entity with a high mortality rate. The clinical presentation and the complementary methods of diagnostic confirmation must be known in order to carry out the appropriate treatment


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Fístula Intestinal/complicações , Colo/transplante , Acalasia Esofágica/cirurgia , Cardiopatias/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Fístula Intestinal/cirurgia , Cardiopatias/etiologia , Pneumopericárdio/complicações , Dor no Peito/etiologia , Radiografia Torácica
16.
Heart Lung Circ ; 28(10): 1525-1534, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31176626

RESUMO

Three-dimensional (3D) printing technology is emerging as a potential new tool for the planning of medical interventions. In the last few years, increasing data have accumulated on its ability to guide interventional cardiology procedures, going beyond initial reports in congenital heart disease settings. In fact, there is compelling evidence on the advantages of a 3D-printed guided strategy for left atrial appendage closure, suggesting a high success rate with optimal device selection and lower radiation load. Furthermore, there is emerging experience in aortic root printing, which may improve the success rate and safety of transcatheter aortic valve replacement and may be of particular interest for targeting low-risk populations. Additionally, there are stimulating reports in mitral valve intervention, setting the tone for this new field in cardiovascular percutaneous intervention. In this clinically oriented paper, we will review current 3D printing use in interventional cardiology and we will address future directions, with a focus on procedural planning and medical simulation.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Cardiologia , Cardiopatias/cirurgia , Impressão Tridimensional , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
17.
Tex Heart Inst J ; 46(2): 133-135, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31236080

RESUMO

Aortoventricular fistula, a rare congenital or acquired defect of the aortic wall, is characterized by an abnormal connection between the aorta and one of the ventricles. Symptom severity correlates with the diameter of the fistula and with the acute or chronic timing of presentation. The diagnosis is usually made by using echocardiography, and surgical treatment is necessary to avoid progression to heart failure. We describe the case of a 27-year-old woman who underwent successful surgical repair of an aortoventricular fistula that originated from the right coronary sinus and extended into the left ventricle through the interventricular septum. In addition to the patient's case, we briefly discuss this unusual condition.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Cardiopatias/cirurgia , Ventrículos do Coração , Fístula Vascular/cirurgia , Adulto , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Feminino , Fístula/diagnóstico , Fístula/cirurgia , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico , Humanos , Fístula Vascular/diagnóstico
18.
Med. infant ; 26(2): 147-150, Junio 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1016395

RESUMO

El cateterismo cardíaco en niños ha mostrado un avance significativo en las últimas décadas, transformándose de un procedimiento casi exclusivamente diagnóstico en sus inicios a un método predominantemente terapéutico en la actualidad. Para ello han contribuido la aparición de múltiples tecnologías de imágenes, así como el creciente desarrollo de materiales de muy bajo perfil y gran versatilidad que permiten el empleo de dispositivos cada vez más específicos para tratar adecuadamente un sinnúmero de enfermedades cardíacas con gran eficacia y seguridad. Esta tendencia continúa creciendo día a día, con la ayuda de nuevas modalidades de tratamiento híbrido donde cardiólogos intervencionistas y cirujanos cardiovasculares interactúan para ayudarse mutuamente, de manera tal de resolver los problemas existentes o aquellos que se van generando con el correr de los años y que afectan la vida de nuestros pacientes. Existen aún como es lógico controversias en algunos casos especiales, que se irán resolviendo paulatinamente en base a la evidencia reunida con las diferentes terapéuticas médicas utilizadas para mejorar el presente y futuro de los niños con cardiopatías (AU)


Cardiac catheterization in children has shown significant progress in recent decades, transforming from an initially almost exclusively diagnostic procedure to a predominantly therapeutic method today. The emergence of multiple imaging technologies has contributed to this progress, as has the growing development of very low-profile and highly versatile materials that allow the use of increasingly specific devices to adequately treat different types of heart disease with great efficacy and safety. This trend continues to grow day by day, with the help of new hybrid treatment modalities where interventional cardiologists and cardiovascular surgeons interact with mutual support, in order to solve existing problems or those that are generated over the years affecting the lives of our patients. Obviously, there are still controversies in specific cases, which will gradually be resolved based on the evidence that becomes available with the use of different medical therapies used to improve the present and future of children with heart disease.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Cardiopatias/cirurgia , Cardiopatias/terapia , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/tendências , Hemodinâmica
19.
PLoS One ; 14(5): e0213862, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31071081

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac surgeries are complex procedures aiming to re-establish coronary flow and correct valvular defects. Oxidative stress, caused by inflammation and ischemia-reperfusion injury, is associated with these procedures, increasing the risk of adverse outcomes. N-acetylcysteine (NAC) acts as an antioxidant by replenishing the glutathione stores, and emerging evidence suggests that NAC may reduce the risk of adverse perioperative outcomes. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the addition of NAC to a standard of care among adult patients undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: We searched four databases (PubMed, EMBASE, CENTRAL, LILACS) from inception to October 2018 and the grey literaure for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) investigating the effect of NAC on pre-defined outcomes including mortality, acute renal insufficiency (ARI), acute cardiac insufficiency (ACI), hospital length of stay (HLoS), intensive care unit length of stay (ICULoS), arrhythmia and acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Reviewers independently screened potentially eligible articles, extracted data and assessed the risk of bias among eligible articles. We used the GRADE approach to rate the overall certainty of evidence for each outcome. RESULTS: Twenty-nine RCTs including 2,486 participants proved eligible. Low to moderate certainty evidence demonstrated that the addition of NAC resulted in a non-statistically significant reduction in mortality (Risk Ratio (RR) 0.71; 95% Confidence Interval (CI) 0.40 to 1.25), ARI (RR 0.92; 95% CI 0.79 to 1.09), ACI (RR 0.77; 95% CI 0.44 to 1.38), HLoS (Mean Difference (MD) 0.21; 95% CI -0.64 to 0.23), ICULoS (MD -0.04; 95% CI -0.29 to 0.20), arrhythmia (RR 0.79; 95% CI 0.52 to 1.20), and AMI (RR 0.84; 95% CI 0.48 to 1.48). LIMITATIONS: Among eligible trials, we observed heterogeneity in the population and interventions including patients with and without kidney dysfunction and interventions that differed in route of administration, dosage, and duration of treatment. This observed heterogeneity was not explained by our subgroup analyses. CONCLUSIONS: The addition of NAC during cardiac surgery did not result in a statistically significant reduction in clinical outcomes. A large randomized placebo-controlled multi-centre trial is needed to determine whether NAC reduces mortality. REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42018091191.


Assuntos
Acetilcisteína/sangue , Cardiopatias/sangue , Cardiopatias/epidemiologia , Biomarcadores , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico , Cardiopatias/cirurgia , Humanos , Mortalidade , Razão de Chances , Prognóstico , Viés de Publicação , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento , Fluxo de Trabalho
20.
Semin Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth ; 23(2): 164-170, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31064318

RESUMO

There has been tremendous evolution in the care of cardiac surgical patients in 2018. In this article, 4 topics of considerable impact on cardiac surgical care in the current landscape are reviewed based on recent publications. The first topic reviews the recent paradigm shift to value-based payments and the potential role of bundled payments on health care and physician reimbursement. The second topic highlights the impact of the opioid crisis on cardiac surgery. The third topic demonstrates the increasing utilization and expanding role of novel percutaneous suction thrombectomy technique in the extraction of caval and right-sided intracardiac thrombi and vegetations with veno-venous bypass. The final topic reviews the current trend of minimally invasive left ventricular assist device placement. Each of these topics addresses the contemporary issues in cardiac surgery with the reasoning for evolution in our current practices in 2018.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Cardiopatias/cirurgia , Analgésicos Opioides/administração & dosagem , Analgésicos Opioides/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/economia , Coração Auxiliar , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Mecanismo de Reembolso , Trombectomia/métodos , Trombose/cirurgia
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