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1.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 33(8): 603-613, 2020 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32933612

RESUMO

Objective: To detect the effects of shortwave radiation on dose-dependent cardiac structure and function in rats after radiation and to elucidate the mechanism of shortwave radiation induced cardiac injury to identify sensitive indicators and prophylactic treatment. Methods: One hundred Wistar rats were either exposed to 27 MHz continuous shortwave at a power density of 5, 10, and 30 mW/cm 2 for 6 min or undergone sham exposure for the control (the rats had to be placed in the exposure system with the same schedules as the exposed animals, but with an inactive antenna). The Ca 2+, glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (AST), creatine kinase (CK) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) content in the peripheral serum of the rats were detected by an automatic blood biochemical analyser. The electrocardiogram (ECG) of standard lead II was recorded by a multi-channel physiological recording and analysis system. The cardiac structure of rats was observed by light and electron microscopy. Results: The results showed that the 5, 10, and 30 mW/cm 2 shortwave radiation caused a significant increased in the levels of Ca 2+, AST, CK, and LDH in the peripheral serum of rats. The cardiac structure was damaged by radiation and showed a disordered arrangement of myocardial fibres, the cavitation and swelling of myocardial mitochondria. These injuries were most significant 7 d after radiation and were not restored until 28 d after radiation. Conclusion: Shortwave radiation of 5, 10, and 30 mW/cm 2 can damage rat cardiac function, including damage to the tissue structure and ultrastructure, especially at the level of the myocardial fibres and mitochondria. Shortwave radiation at 5, 10, and 30 mW/cm 2 induced damage to rat heart function and structure with a dose-effect relationship, i.e., the greater the radiation dose was, the more significant the damage was.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias/patologia , Coração/efeitos da radiação , Miocárdio/patologia , Ondas de Rádio/efeitos adversos , Animais , Relação Dose-Resposta à Radiação , Cardiopatias/etnologia , Cardiopatias/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
2.
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson ; 22(1): 64, 2020 09 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32892749

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pediatric cancer survivors are at increased risk of cardiac dysfunction and heart failure. Reduced peak oxygen consumption (peak VO2) is associated with impaired cardiac reserve (defined as the increase in cardiac function from rest to peak exercise) and heart failure risk, but it is unclear whether this relationship exists in pediatric cancer survivors. This study sought to investigate the presence of reduced peak VO2 in pediatric cancer survivors with increased risk of heart failure, and to assess its relationship with resting cardiac function and cardiac haemodynamics and systolic function during exercise. METHODS: Twenty pediatric cancer survivors (8-24 years; 10 male) treated with anthracycline chemotherapy ± radiation underwent cardiopulmonary exercise testing to quantify peak VO2, with a value < 85% of predicted defined as impaired peak VO2. Resting cardiac function was assessed using 2- and 3-dimensional echocardiography, with cardiac reserve quantified from resting and peak exercise heart rate, stroke volume index (SVI) and cardiac index (CI) using exercise cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). RESULTS: Twelve of 20 survivors (60%) had reduced peak VO2 (70 ± 16% vs. 97 ± 14% of age and gender predicted). There were no differences in echocardiographic or CMR measurements of resting cardiac function between survivors with normal or impaired peak VO2. However, those with reduced peak VO2 had diminished cardiac reserve, with a lesser increase in CI and SVI during exercise (Interaction P < 0.01 for both), whilst the heart rate response was similar (P = 0.71). CONCLUSIONS: Whilst exercise intolerance is common among pediatric cancer survivors, it is poorly explained by resting measures of cardiac function. In contrast, impaired exercise capacity is associated with impaired haemodynamics and systolic functional reserve measured during exercise. Consequently, measures of cardiopulmonary fitness and cardiac reserve may aid in early identification of survivors with heightened risk of long-term heart failure.


Assuntos
Antraciclinas/efeitos adversos , Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Sobreviventes de Câncer , Aptidão Cardiorrespiratória , Teste de Esforço , Tolerância ao Exercício , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Lesões por Radiação/diagnóstico por imagem , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Cardiotoxicidade , Criança , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Cardiopatias/induzido quimicamente , Cardiopatias/fisiopatologia , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Masculino , Consumo de Oxigênio , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Lesões por Radiação/etiologia , Lesões por Radiação/fisiopatologia , Radioterapia/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
3.
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson ; 22(1): 65, 2020 09 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32907587

RESUMO

Stress cardiac imaging is the current first line investigation for coronary artery disease diagnosis and decision making and an adjunctive tool in a range of non-ischaemic cardiovascular diseases. Exercise cardiovascular magnetic resonance (Ex-CMR) has developed over the past 25 years to combine the superior image qualities of CMR with the preferred method of exercise stress. Presently, numerous exercise methods exist, from performing stress on an adjacent CMR compatible treadmill to in-scanner exercise, most commonly on a supine cycle ergometer. Cardiac conditions studied by Ex-CMR are broad, commonly investigating ischaemic heart disease and congenital heart disease but extending to pulmonary hypertension and diabetic heart disease. This review presents an in-depth assessment of the various Ex-CMR stress methods and the varied pulse sequence approaches, including those specially designed for Ex-CMR. Current and future developments in image acquisition are highlighted, and will likely lead to a much greater clinical use of Ex-CMR across a range of cardiovascular conditions.


Assuntos
Teste de Esforço , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Adulto , Idoso , Ciclismo , Feminino , Cardiopatias/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Posicionamento do Paciente , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Adulto Jovem
5.
Rev Med Suisse ; 16(705): 1598-1604, 2020 Sep 09.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32914590

RESUMO

Influenza A and B infections are marred with variable morbidity and, in some cases, develop into severe or even fatal respiratory, circulatory and neurologic complications. Respiratory complications are most common and involve primary-Influenza pneumonia and pneumonia from bacterial or fungal superinfections. Nonrespiratory complications can affect several organs/systems, namely the heart (myocarditis, type 1 and 2 myocardial infarction) and the nervous system (stroke, encephalitis, Guillain-Barré Syndrome). This article provides an overview of the basic pathophysiological aspects of Influenza virus infection, reviews the main severe respiratory and nonrespiratory complications and discusses the different treatments with their respective indications, contraindications and limitations.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias/virologia , Influenza Humana/fisiopatologia , Influenza Humana/virologia , Influenzavirus A/patogenicidade , Influenzavirus B/patogenicidade , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/virologia , Cardiopatias/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/fisiopatologia
6.
J Am Soc Echocardiogr ; 33(10): 1278-1284, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32782131

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite growing evidence of cardiovascular complications associated with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), there are few data regarding the performance of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and the spectrum of echocardiographic findings in this disease. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed among adult patients admitted to a quaternary care center in New York City between March 1 and April 3, 2020. Patients were included if they underwent TTE during the hospitalization after a known positive diagnosis for COVID-19. Demographic and clinical data were obtained using chart abstraction from the electronic medical record. RESULTS: Of 749 patients, 72 (9.6%) underwent TTE following positive results on severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 polymerase chain reaction testing. The most common clinical indications for TTE were concern for a major acute cardiovascular event (45.8%) and hemodynamic instability (29.2%). Although most patients had preserved biventricular function, 34.7% were found to have left ventricular ejection fractions ≤ 50%, and 13.9% had at least moderately reduced right ventricular function. Four patients had wall motion abnormalities suggestive of stress-induced cardiomyopathy. Using Spearman rank correlation, there was an inverse relationship between high-sensitivity troponin T and left ventricular ejection fraction (ρ = -0.34, P = .006). Among 20 patients with prior echocardiograms, only two (10%) had new reductions in LVEF of >10%. Clinical management was changed in eight individuals (24.2%) in whom TTE was ordered for concern for acute major cardiovascular events and three (14.3%) in whom TTE was ordered for hemodynamic evaluation. CONCLUSIONS: This study describes the clinical indications for use and diagnostic performance of TTE, as well as findings seen on TTE, in hospitalized patients with COVID-19. In appropriately selected patients, TTE can be an invaluable tool for guiding COVID-19 clinical management.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Cardiopatias/etiologia , Cardiopatias/fisiopatologia , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia , Função Ventricular Direita/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
7.
Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J ; 16(2): 130-137, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32670473

RESUMO

Structural heart interventions (SHIs) are increasingly applicable in a wide range of heart defects, but the intricate and dynamic nature of cardiac structures can make SHIs challenging to perform. Three-dimensional (3D) printed modeling integrates advanced clinical imaging and 3D printing technology to replicate patient-specific anatomy for comprehensive planning and simulation of SHIs. This review discusses the basic principles of patient-specific 3D print model development, print material selection, and model fabrication and highlights how cardiovascular 3D printing can be used in preprocedural planning, device sizing, enhanced communication, and procedure simulation.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/tendências , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatias/cirurgia , Modelos Cardiovasculares , Modelagem Computacional Específica para o Paciente/tendências , Impressão Tridimensional/tendências , Difusão de Inovações , Previsões , Cardiopatias/fisiopatologia , Humanos
8.
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson ; 22(1): 54, 2020 07 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32713347

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although the breath-hold cine balanced steady state free precession (bSSFP) imaging is well established for assessment of biventricular volumes and function, shorter breath-hold times or no breath-holds are beneficial in children and severely ill or sedated patients. METHODS: Clinical cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) examinations from September 2019 to October 2019 that included breath-hold (BH) and free-breathing (FB) cine bSSFP imaging accelerated using compressed sensitivity encoding (C-SENSE) factor of 3 in addition to the clinical standard BH cine bSSFP imaging using SENSE factor of 2 were analyzed retrospectively. Patients with structurally normal hearts who could perform consistent BHs were included. Aortic flow measured by phase contrast acquisition was used as a reference for the left ventricular (LV) stroke volume. Comparative analysis was performed for evaluation of biventricular volumes and function, imaging times, quantitative image quality, and qualitative image scoring. RESULTS: There were 26 patients who underwent all three cine scans during the study period (16.7 ± 6.4 years, body surface area (BSA) 1.6 ± 0.4 m2, heart rate 83 ± 7 beats/min). BH durations of 8 ± 1 s with C-SENSE = 3 were significantly shorter (p < 0.001) by 33% compared to 12 ± 1 s with SENSE = 2. Actual scan time for BH SENSE (4.9 ± 1.2 min) was comparable to that with FB C-SENSE (5.2 ± 1.5 min; p= NS). Biventricular stroke volume and ejection fraction, and LV mass computed using all three sequences were comparable. There was a small but statistically significant (p < 0.05) difference in LV end-diastolic volume (- 3.0 ± 6.8 ml) between BH SENSE and FB C-SENSE. There was a small but statistically significant (p < 0.005) difference in end-diastolic LV (- 5.0 ± 7.7 ml) and RV (- 6.0 ± 8.5 ml) volume and end-systolic LV (- 3.2 ± 4.3 ml) and RV(- 4.2 ± 6.8 ml) volumes between BH C-SENSE and FB C-SENSE. The LV stroke volumes from all three sequences had excellent correlations (r = 0.96, slope = 0.98-1.02) with aortic flow, with overestimation by 2.7 (5%) to 4.6 (8%) ml/beat. The image quality score was Excellent (16 of 26) to Good (10 of 26) with BH SENSE, Excellent (13 of 26) to Good (13 of 26) with BH C-SENSE, and Excellent (3 of 26) to Good (21 of 26) to Adequate (2 of 26) with FB C-SENSE. CONCLUSIONS: Image quality and ventricular volumetric and functional indices using either BH or FB C-SENSE cine bSSFP imaging were comparable to standard BH SENSE cine bSSFP imaging while maintaining nominally identical spatio-temporal resolution. This accelerated image acquisition provides an alternative to accommodate patients with impaired BH capacity.


Assuntos
Suspensão da Respiração , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Volume Sistólico , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Função Ventricular Direita , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Técnicas de Imagem de Sincronização Cardíaca , Criança , Feminino , Cardiopatias/etiologia , Cardiopatias/fisiopatologia , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
9.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0232507, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32645007

RESUMO

Sex-related differences in cardiovascular diseases are highly complex in humans and model-dependent in experimental laboratory animals. The objective of this work was to comprehensively investigate key sex differences in the response to acute and prolonged adrenergic stimulation in C57Bl/6NCrl mice. Cardiac function was assessed by trans-thoracic echocardiography before and after acute adrenergic stimulation (a single sub-cutaneous dose of isoproterenol 10 mg/kg) in 15 weeks old male and female C57Bl/6NCrl mice. Thereafter, prolonged adrenergic stimulation was achieved by sub-cutaneous injections of isoproterenol 10 mg/kg/day for 14 days in male and female mice. Cardiac function and morphometry were assessed by trans-thoracic echocardiography on the 15th day. Thereafter, the mice were euthanized, and the hearts were collected. Histopathological analysis of myocardial tissue was performed after staining with hematoxylin & eosin, Masson's trichrome and MAC-2 antibody. Gene expression of remodeling and fibrotic markers was assessed by real-time PCR. Cardiac function and morphometry were also measured before and after isoproterenol 10 mg/kg/day for 14 days in groups of gonadectomized male and female mice and sham-operated controls. In the current work, there were no statistically significant differences in the positive inotropic and chronotropic effects of isoproterenol between male and female C57Bl/6NCrl. After prolonged adrenergic stimulation, there was similar degree of cardiac dysfunction, cardiac hypertrophy, and myocardial fibrosis in male and female mice. Similarly, prolonged isoproterenol administration induced hypertrophic and fibrotic genes in hearts of male and female mice to the same extent. Intriguingly, gonadectomy of male and female mice did not have a significant impact on isoproterenol-induced cardiac dysfunction as compared to sham-operated animals. The current work demonstrated lack of significant sex-related differences in isoproterenol-induced cardiac hypertrophy, dysfunction, and fibrosis in C57Bl/6NCrl mice. This study suggests that female sex may not be sufficient to protect the heart in this model of isoproterenol-induced cardiac dysfunction and underscores the notion that sexual dimorphism in cardiovascular diseases is highly model-dependent.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias/fisiopatologia , Caracteres Sexuais , Animais , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Cardiomegalia/induzido quimicamente , Cardiomegalia/metabolismo , Cardiomegalia/patologia , Cardiomegalia/fisiopatologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Cardiopatias/induzido quimicamente , Cardiopatias/metabolismo , Cardiopatias/patologia , Isoproterenol/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Ovariectomia
10.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0235207, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32629459

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The effects of physician specialty on the outcome of heart disease remains incompletely understood because of inconsistent findings from some previous studies. Our purpose is to compare the admission outcomes of heart disease in patients receiving care by cardiologists and noncardiologist (NC) physicians. METHODS: Using reimbursement claims data of Taiwan's National Health Insurance from 2008-2013, we conducted a matched study of 6264 patients aged ≥20 years who received a cardiologist's care during admission for heart disease. Using a propensity score matching procedure adjusted for sociodemographic characteristics, medical condition, and type of heart disease, 6264 controls who received an NC physician's care were selected. Logistic regressions were used to calculate odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for complications and mortality during admission for heart disease associated with a cardiologist's care. RESULTS: Patients who received a cardiologist's care had a lower risk of pneumonia (OR = 0.61; 95% CI, 0.53-0.70), septicemia (OR = 0.49; 95% CI, 0.39-0.61), urinary tract infection (OR = 0.76; 95% CI, 0.66-0.88), and in-hospital mortality (OR = 0.37; 95% CI, 0.29-0.47) than did patients who received an NC physician's care. The association between a cardiologist's care and reduced adverse events following admission was significant in both sexes and in patients aged ≥40 years. CONCLUSION: We raised the possibility that cardiologist care was associated with reduced infectious complications and mortality among patients who were admitted due to heart disease.


Assuntos
Cardiologistas , Clínicos Gerais , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Pneumonia/diagnóstico , Sepse/diagnóstico , Infecções Urinárias/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Cardiopatias/complicações , Cardiopatias/mortalidade , Cardiopatias/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Admissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia/complicações , Pneumonia/mortalidade , Pneumonia/fisiopatologia , Pontuação de Propensão , Fatores de Risco , Sepse/complicações , Sepse/mortalidade , Sepse/fisiopatologia , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Infecções Urinárias/complicações , Infecções Urinárias/mortalidade , Infecções Urinárias/fisiopatologia
12.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 113(6-7): 473-484, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32473997

RESUMO

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has become the reference imaging technique for the management of a large number of diseases. The number of MRI examinations increases every year, simultaneously with the number of patients receiving a cardiac electronic implantable device (CEID). The presence of a CEID was considered an absolute contraindication for MRI for many years. The progressive replacement of conventional pacemakers and defibrillators by "magnetic resonance (MR)-conditional" CEIDs and recent data on the safety of MRI in patients with "MR-non-conditional" CEIDs have gradually increased the demand for MRI in patients with a CEID. However, some risks are associated with MRI in CEID carriers, even with MR-conditional devices, because these devices are not "MR safe". Specific programming of the device in "MR mode" and monitoring patients during MRI remain mandatory for all patients with a CEID. A standardized patient workflow based on an institutional protocol should be established in each institution performing such examinations. This joint position paper of the Working Group of Pacing and Electrophysiology of the French Society of Cardiology and the French Society of Diagnostic and Interventional Cardiac and Vascular Imaging describes the effect of and risks associated with MRI in CEID carriers. We propose recommendations for patient workflow and monitoring and CEID programming in MR-conditional, "MR-conditional non-guaranteed" and MR-non-conditional devices.


Assuntos
Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial , Desfibriladores Implantáveis , Cardioversão Elétrica/instrumentação , Cardiopatias/terapia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Marca-Passo Artificial , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial/efeitos adversos , Cardioversão Elétrica/efeitos adversos , Cardiopatias/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/efeitos adversos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Desenho de Prótese , Falha de Prótese , Fatores de Risco
14.
J Cardiovasc Transl Res ; 13(3): 339-344, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32562212

RESUMO

We present here three different clinical scenarios that illustrate the complexity of taking decisions in sports cardiology. Despite the availability of consensus documents, in clinical practice, decision-making process is most of the times in the grey zone.


Assuntos
Atletas , Cardiologia , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico , Medicina Esportiva , Adulto , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/prevenção & controle , Cardiopatias/fisiopatologia , Cardiopatias/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Futebol , Natação , Esportes Aquáticos , Adulto Jovem
15.
Life Sci ; 253: 117732, 2020 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32360570

RESUMO

AIMS: Recently, the zebrafish has gained attention as an innovative experimental model to decipher molecular and cellular mechanisms involved in cardiovascular development and diseases. Nevertheless, the use of zebrafish models has been challenged because the transparency of these fish, which allows for accurate cardiac evaluation, disappears in adulthood. In this study, the epicardial outline method was performed to investigate the feasibility of echocardiography in assessing cardiac function in pathological adult zebrafish. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We attempted to estimate heart failure in adult zebrafish treated with three distinct regulators of cardiac function: phenylhydrazine hydrochloride (PHZ), doxorubicin (DOX), and ethanol. B-mode and Doppler images were evaluated at frequencies of up to 50 MHz and 40 MHz, respectively. The correlation between alterations in cardiac function, haemoglobin concentration, and myocardial histopathology were assessed. KEY FINDINGS: Cardiac output (CO) in PHZ-treated zebrafish was significantly higher than that in control zebrafish (151 ± 67 vs. 84 ± 37 µl/min, P = 0.004), whereas ejection fraction (EF) was lower (36.3 ± 10.9 vs. 50.9 ± 8.7%, P < 0.001), indicating typical high output heart failure derived from anaemia. Additionally, ventricular dysfunction in DOX-treated zebrafish was characterised by low CO (57 ± 38 µl/min) and EF (28.8 ± 10.4%), accompanied by an enlarged ventricle in diastole and systole, representing low output heart failure. For ethanol-treated zebrafish, EF was markedly reduced (39.6 ± 7.2%) indicating a dilated heart, while CO remained unchanged (90 ± 40 µl/min). SIGNIFICANCE: The epicardial outline method is an effective way of using echocardiography to assess cardiac dysfunction in pathological adult zebrafish, unlocking a major bottleneck in this research field with limited cardiac functional assays.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia/métodos , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Pericárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Animais , Débito Cardíaco/fisiologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Doxorrubicina/toxicidade , Etanol/toxicidade , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Cardiopatias/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Fenil-Hidrazinas/toxicidade , Disfunção Ventricular/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular/fisiopatologia , Peixe-Zebra
16.
Am Heart J ; 225: 3-9, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32417526

RESUMO

The infection caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2, or COVID-19, can result in myocardial injury, heart failure, and arrhythmias. In addition to the viral infection itself, investigational therapies for the infection can interact with the cardiovascular system. As cardiologists and cardiovascular service lines will be heavily involved in the care of patients with COVID-19, our division organized an approach to manage these complications, attempting to balance resource utilization and risk to personnel with optimal cardiovascular care. The model presented can provide a framework for other institutions to organize their own approaches and can be adapted to local constraints, resource availability, and emerging knowledge.


Assuntos
Arritmias Cardíacas , Infecções por Coronavirus , Procedimentos Clínicos , Cardiopatias , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Controle de Infecções , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Arritmias Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Arritmias Cardíacas/etiologia , Arritmias Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Arritmias Cardíacas/terapia , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Procedimentos Clínicos/organização & administração , Procedimentos Clínicos/normas , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências/tendências , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico , Cardiopatias/fisiopatologia , Cardiopatias/terapia , Cardiopatias/virologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Controle de Infecções/organização & administração , Administração dos Cuidados ao Paciente/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Estados Unidos
17.
PLoS One ; 15(5): e0233321, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32413074

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is well established that coronary artery disease progresses along with myocardial disease. However, data on the association between coronary artery calcium (CAC) and echocardiographic variables are lacking. METHODS AND RESULTS: Among 2,650 Framingham Study participants (mean age 51 yrs, 48% women; 40% with CAC>0), we related CT-based CAC score to left ventricular (LV) mass index (LVMi), LV ejection fraction (LVEF), E/e', global longitudinal strain (GLS), left atrial emptying fraction (LAEF), and aortic root diameter (AoR), using multivariable-adjusted generalized linear models. CAC score (independent variable) was used as log-transformed continuous [ln(CAC+1)] and as a categorical (0, 1-100, and ≥101) variable. Adjusting for standard risk factors, higher CAC score was associated with higher LVMi and AoR (ßLVMI per 1-SD increase 0.012, ßAoR 0.008; P<0.05, for both). Participants with 1≤CAC≤100 and those with CAC≥101 had higher AoR (ßAoR 0.013 and 0.020, respectively, P = 0.01) than those with CAC = 0. CAC score was not significantly associated with LVEF, E/e', GLS or LAEF. Age modified the association of CAC score with AoR; higher CAC scores were associated with larger AoR more strongly in older (>58 years; ßAoR0.0042;P<0.007) than in younger (≤58 years) participants (ßAoR0.0027;P<0.03). CONCLUSIONS: We observed that subclinical atherosclerosis was associated with ventricular and aortic remodeling. The prognostic significance of these associations warrants evaluation in additional mechanistic studies.


Assuntos
Doenças da Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Aterosclerose/complicações , Aterosclerose/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Remodelação Ventricular , Doenças da Aorta/complicações , Doenças da Aorta/fisiopatologia , Aterosclerose/fisiopatologia , Remodelamento Atrial , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Cardiopatias/complicações , Cardiopatias/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
19.
Am J Cardiol ; 127: 163-168, 2020 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32444028

RESUMO

Anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity can lead to clinical and subclinical heart failure. Decrease of global longitudinal strain is a predictor for heart failure. Early detection of subclinical cardiotoxicity is crucial for timely intervention and prevention of further progression. Cardiac function of 41 survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) was assessed. Values of cardiac troponin T, N-terminal-pro-brain natriuretic peptide, conventional and myocardial 2D strain echocardiography were measured before (T = 0), during (T = 1, cumulative dose of 120 mg/m2), shortly after (T = 2) and long after anthracycline treatment (T = 3, ≥5 years after anthracycline exposure). Cardiac function of survivors at the latest follow up was compared with 70 healthy age-matched controls. None of the survivors showed clinical signs of cardiac failure at T = 3. Strain values decreased during anthracycline treatment and an ongoing reduction was seen at the latest follow-up (T = 3) with preserved cardiac function (normal ejection fraction and shortening fraction). At T = 1, a relative reduction in longitudinal strain (≥10% compared with baseline) was observed in 38% of the survivors, which increased to 54% at T=3. ALL survivors showed significantly lower conventional and myocardial 2D strain values, especially strain rate, compared with healthy age-matched controls. At T = 3, we did not find any abnormal cardiac troponin T levels. Six percent of the survivors showed abnormal N-terminal-pro-brain natriuretic peptide levels. This prospective study showed an ongoing reduction of 2D myocardial strain and strain rate, with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (≤10% decrease compared with baseline) in asymptomatic ALL survivors at late follow-up.


Assuntos
Antraciclinas/uso terapêutico , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Eletrocardiografia , Cardiopatias/fisiopatologia , Contração Miocárdica/fisiologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico , Cardiopatias/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Projetos Piloto , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/complicações , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Fatores de Tempo
20.
J Cardiovasc Transl Res ; 13(3): 306-312, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32367344

RESUMO

The success of systematic early age talent development has led to the professionalisation of youth sports academies used by clubs and governing bodies alike, and sports physicians are nowadays commonly confronted with paediatric cardiological problems. Medical cardiac care of the paediatric athlete is however in its infancy, and the international guidelines that are present for adult athletes, are not yet available. Similarly, reference data for ECG and echocardiography are incomplete. The aim of this article is to provide and introduction to the cardiac care of the paediatric athlete to facilitate healthy and above all, safe talent development, but also provide guidance on how to distinguish adaptive, beneficial cardiovascular remodelling from underlying pathology of congenital or inherited cardiovascular disease. Differences in presentation, diagnosis and treatment between childhood and adult athletes are highlighted and can educate the reader in the emerging field of paediatric sports cardiology.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento do Adolescente , Atletas , Cardiomegalia Induzida por Exercícios , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Ecocardiografia , Eletrocardiografia , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico , Adaptação Fisiológica , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Cardiopatias/fisiopatologia , Cardiopatias/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Resistência Física , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
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