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1.
Kardiologiia ; 60(8): 90-97, 2020 Sep 17.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33155964

RESUMO

Aim To compare the efficacy of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and antiarrhythmic therapy (AAT) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and chronic heart failure (CHF) during 12-month observation.Materials and methods This prospective, nonrandomized comparative observational study included 130 patients with AF (men, 65 %; mean age, 62.8±11.8 years) and CHF with left ventricular ejection fraction (LV EF) <50 %. Paroxysmal AF was observed in 60 (46 %) patients and persistent AF was observed in 70 (54 %) patients. According to results of transthoracic echocardiography (EchoCG) 107 (82 %) patients had intermediate LV EF (40-49 %) and 23 (18 %) patients had reduced LV EF (<40 %). RFA of AF was performed for 65 patients whereas 65 patients received an optimal AAT. The 24-h electrocardiogram monitoring, EchoCG, and assessment of the quality of life (QoL) with the SF-36 questionnaire were performed for all patients on admission and at 12 months of observation. Stability of sinus rhythm, EchoCG, QoL, and exercise tolerance were evaluated at 12 months of observation.Results 49 (75%) of patients in the RFA group and 26 (40%) of patients in the AAT group had stable sinus rhythm (SR) at 12 months. Repeated RFA for relapse of AF was performed for 6 (12 %) of 49 patients; repeated cardioversion was performed for 16 (61.5 %) of 26 patients. In the AAT group, there were more interventions for maintaining SR than in the RFA group (p<0.001). In patients with SR of the RFA group at 12 months of observation, LV EF was increased (р<0.001), left ventricular dimension (р<0.001) and volume (р<0.001) were decreased, and mental (р<0.001) and physical (p<0.001) components of health were improved according to the SF-36 questionnaire. In patients with SR of the AAT group, only improvement of mental (р<0.001) and physical (р<0.001) components of health was observed according to the SF-36 questionnaire.Conclusion RFA provided a considerable decrease in the frequency of AF relapse and improvement of LV EF in patients with CHF. The effectiveness of RFA did not depend on the type of arrhythmia. For 12 months of observation, the number of hospitalizations for decompensated CHF and interventions to maintain SR decreased in the RFA group compared to the AAT group.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Ablação por Cateter , Cardioversão Elétrica , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Fibrilação Atrial/terapia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Volume Sistólico , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda
2.
Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med ; 28(1): 109, 2020 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33160419

RESUMO

In-hospital resuscitation practices have changed by necessity in the Covid-19 era, principally due to precautions intended to protect caregivers from infection. This has resulted in serious delays in resuscitation response.ILCOR has recently modified its guidelines to separate defibrillation from other interventions, recognizing that shock success is extremely time-dependent and that defibrillation poses relatively little risk of Covid-19 transmission. The new recommendation calls for sending one caregiver into the isolation room in order to initiate bedside monitoring and defibrillate if indicated, while the code team is donning their personal protective equipment. Implementing this change requires focused training in that specific role. This can be accomplished by intensively training a subset of clinical staff to assume the responsibility and act without hesitation when a code occurs.Focused defibrillation training promises to avoid compromising the care of patients experiencing tachyarrhythmic arrests in the setting of Covid-19. Such a training program might even result in better survival than before the pandemic for this subset of patients.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Cardioversão Elétrica , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Ressuscitação , Protocolos Clínicos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Humanos , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto
3.
Yonsei Med J ; 61(11): 942-950, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33107237

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) are the standard of care for primary prevention (PP) in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM). However, PP ICD implantation is underused in Asian countries. This study investigated ICD implantation rates and factors associated with appropriate PP ICD implants for ICM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective multicenter observational registry (ADVANCE-ICM registry), ICM patients who were eligible for PP ICD were screened and enrolled. Factors associated with appropriate ICD implantation, including hospital and clinical factors, were investigated. RESULTS: Of the 1453 ICM patients eligible for PP ICD [1111 male; median age, 71.0 (61.0-78.0) years], only 76 (5.2%) patients underwent ICD implantation. Among hospital factors, a non-monetary incentive for referral (72.4% vs. 52.9%, p=0.001) and total hospital system score (6.0 vs. 5.0, p=0.013) were higher in the ICD than in the no-ICD group. In multivariate analysis, total hospital system score [odds ratio (OR), 1.28; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.10-1.50] was an independent factor for predicting ICD implantation, along with clinical factors, including high New York Heart Association class (≥III: OR, 7.29; 95% CI, 2.97-17.87) and younger age (<70 years: OR, 2.14; 95% CI, 1.30-3.53). CONCLUSION: PP ICD implantation for ICM patients is underused in Korea. Hospital factors were important for improving PP ICD implantation rate, suggesting that new screening and referral systems for ICM patients would improve the PP ICD implantation rate (Clinical trial registration No. NCT03590925).


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias/prevenção & controle , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/prevenção & controle , Desfibriladores Implantáveis/efeitos adversos , Cardioversão Elétrica/instrumentação , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Isquemia Miocárdica/prevenção & controle , Prevenção Primária/instrumentação , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cardiomiopatias/epidemiologia , Cardiomiopatias/terapia , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/etiologia , Desfibriladores Implantáveis/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Hospitais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isquemia Miocárdica/epidemiologia , Isquemia Miocárdica/terapia , Prevenção Primária/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33093765

RESUMO

Background: Patients with cardiac sarcoidosis (CS) are at increased risk of atrioventricular blocks, ventricular arrhythmias, and sudden cardiac death. Objectives We aimed to investigate the characteristics associated with appropriate therapy in implantable cardiac defibrillator (ICD) -implanted CS patients. Methods: We performed a PubMed and Web of Science search for studies reporting patients with CS who underwent an ICD implantation. The primary criterion was an appropriate therapy. Results: We screened 705 studies, of which 5 were included in the final analysis. We conducted a meta-analysis including 464 patients (mean age 55 years, 282 males (60%)). The mean follow-up was 3.5 years. Among the 464 patients, 180 received an appropriate therapy (39%). Patients who received an appropriate therapy were younger (-3.33, 95% confidence interval (CI) -6.42 to -0.23, p=0.004), were more likely to be male (OR 2.06, 95% CI 1.37-3.09, p=0.0005), had a lower left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (-10.5, 95% CI -18.23 to -2.78, p=0.008), had a higher rate of complete heart block (OR 2.19, 95% CI 1.20 to 3.99, p=0.01), and more frequently had ventricular pacing (OR 6.44 95% CI 2.57 to 16.16, p<0.0001). Conclusions: Appropriate ICD therapy during CS is associated with young age, male sex, low LVEF, history of complete heart block, and ventricular pacing. (Sarcoidosis Vasc Diffuse Lung Dis 2020; 37 (1): 17-23).


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias/terapia , Desfibriladores Implantáveis , Cardioversão Elétrica/instrumentação , Bloqueio Cardíaco/terapia , Sarcoidose/terapia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Cardiomiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiomiopatias/mortalidade , Cardiomiopatias/fisiopatologia , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/prevenção & controle , Cardioversão Elétrica/efeitos adversos , Cardioversão Elétrica/mortalidade , Feminino , Bloqueio Cardíaco/diagnóstico por imagem , Bloqueio Cardíaco/mortalidade , Bloqueio Cardíaco/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Sarcoidose/diagnóstico por imagem , Sarcoidose/mortalidade , Sarcoidose/fisiopatologia , Fatores Sexuais , Volume Sistólico , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda
10.
Emerg Med Clin North Am ; 38(4): 755-769, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32981615

RESUMO

There are approximately 350,000 out-of-hospital cardiac arrests and 200,000 in-hospital cardiac arrests annually in the United States, with survival rates of approximately 5% to 10% and 24%, respectively. The critical factors that have an impact on cardiac arrest survival include prompt recognition and activation of prehospital care, early cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and rapid defibrillation. Advanced life support protocols are continually refined to optimize intracardiac arrest management and improve survival with favorable neurologic outcome. This article focuses on current treatment recommendations for adult nontraumatic cardiac arrest, with emphasis on the latest evidence and controversies regarding intracardiac arrest management.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/métodos , Parada Cardíaca/terapia , Manuseio das Vias Aéreas , Antiarrítmicos/administração & dosagem , Pressão Sanguínea , Dióxido de Carbono/análise , Diástole , Ecocardiografia , Cardioversão Elétrica , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Epinefrina/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Hipotermia Induzida , Infusões Intraósseas , Infusões Intravenosas , Monitorização Fisiológica , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Vasoconstritores/administração & dosagem
11.
Emerg Med Clin North Am ; 38(4): 819-839, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32981620

RESUMO

Pediatric cardiac arrest is a relatively rare but devastating presentation in infants and children. In contrast to adult patients, in whom a primary cardiac dysrhythmia is the most likely cause of cardiac arrest, pediatric patients experience cardiovascular collapse most frequently after an initial respiratory arrest. Aggressive treatment in the precardiac arrest state should be initiated to prevent deterioration and should focus on support of oxygenation, ventilation, and hemodynamics, regardless of the presumed cause. Unfortunately, outcomes for pediatric cardiac arrest, whether in hospital or out of hospital, continue to be poor.


Assuntos
Parada Cardíaca/terapia , Ressuscitação/métodos , Manuseio das Vias Aéreas , Glicemia/análise , Criança , Maus-Tratos Infantis/terapia , Cardioversão Elétrica , Eletroencefalografia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Epinefrina/uso terapêutico , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea , Parada Cardíaca/etiologia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/terapia , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Hipotermia/complicações , Hipotermia/terapia , Hipotermia Induzida , Pneumopatias/terapia , Pais , Exame Físico , Envenenamento/terapia , Avaliação de Processos em Cuidados de Saúde , Valores de Referência , Insuficiência Respiratória/terapia , Taxa Respiratória , Ordens quanto à Conduta (Ética Médica) , Sepse/terapia , Choque/etiologia , Choque/terapia , Vasoconstritores/uso terapêutico , Ferimentos e Lesões/terapia
13.
Int Heart J ; 61(5): 1044-1048, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921663

RESUMO

Ivabradine is a selective inhibitor of the sinoatrial node "funny" current, prolonging the slow diastolic depolarization. As it has the ability to block the heart rate selectively, it is more effective at a faster heart rate. It is recommended for the treatment of heart failure reduced ejection fraction in the presence of beta-blocker therapy for the further reduction of the heart rate. However, previous reports have shown the association of Torsade de pointes (TdP) with concurrent use of ivabradine and drugs resulting in QT prolongation or blockage of the metabolic breakdown of ivabradine. In this article, we report two cases of patients with heart failure reduced ejection fraction who developed TdP after ivabradine use. Our report highlights the need to exercise caution with the administration of ivabradine in the presence of a reduced repolarization reserve, such as QT prolongation or metabolic insufficiency.


Assuntos
Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Ivabradina/efeitos adversos , Torsades de Pointes/induzido quimicamente , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/efeitos adversos , Interações Medicamentosas , Cardioversão Elétrica , Eletrocardiografia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inibidores de Simportadores de Cloreto de Sódio e Potássio/efeitos adversos , Volume Sistólico
14.
Int Heart J ; 61(5): 913-921, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921668

RESUMO

Previous study has identified marked differences in patient characteristics and causes of inappropriate shock (IAS) between Japan and the Western societies in terms of subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (S-ICD). However, evidence of IAS in Asian populations including Japan has been limited to one observational study.Thus, we conducted a single-center registry study that tracks the postoperative course of 61 consecutive patients who received S-ICD from February 2016 to January 2020. Our findings showed that IAS occurred in 9.8% of the study population (6/61), which is comparable to the previously reported incidence. Remarkably, T-wave oversensing did not result in an IAS (0/6). Instead, myopotential oversensing was determined to have caused the most IAS events (4/6), while atrial fibrillation ranked second (2/6). A provocation maneuver (e.g., abdominal clench, push-ups, lifting a heavy item) reproduced myopotential noise disguised as R-waves, which should potentially trigger an IAS if uninterrupted. R-wave amplitude of the IAS group appeared relatively low compared to that of the non-IAS group although this finding was not tested significant. Furthermore, no temporal changes were noted in R-wave amplitude between the time of implantation and IAS events, suggesting that it is neither constantly low nor acutely dropped R-wave amplitude but a relatively high noise level that drives IAS. All the myopotential-IAS patients were found to be male. Right-sided lead implantation was associated with a higher incidence of IAS.This study highlights the fact that IAS continues to occur due to myopotential noise oversensing instead of T-wave oversensing. To minimize the risk of IAS, it is desirable to search and secure high R-wave voltage.


Assuntos
Desfibriladores Implantáveis , Cardioversão Elétrica/estatística & dados numéricos , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Taquicardia Ventricular/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Ventricular/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Erros de Diagnóstico , Falha de Equipamento , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Taquicardia Ventricular/terapia , Fibrilação Ventricular/terapia , Adulto Jovem
17.
Am J Cardiol ; 135: 177-180, 2020 11 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871109

RESUMO

Cardiac arrhythmia is a known manifestation of novel coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) infection. Herein, we describe the clinical course of an otherwise healthy patient who experienced persistent ventricular tachycardia and fibrillation which is believed to be directly related to inflammation, as opposed to acute myocardial injury or medications that can prolong the QT interval.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Cardioversão Elétrica/métodos , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Fibrilação Ventricular/complicações , Fibrilação Ventricular/terapia , Antiarrítmicos/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento , Fibrilação Ventricular/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Ventricular/diagnóstico por imagem
19.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0238002, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32822402

RESUMO

Echocardiography is the basic imaging technique used to determine the odds of maintaining sinus rhythm (SR) following direct current cardioversion (DCCV) for persistent atrial fibrillation (AF). However, most studies are focused on the echocardiographic parameters obtained during SR resulting from successful DCCV. The aim of this study was to assess the value of the echocardiographic parameters measured before DCCV for the prognosis of SR maintenance after DCCV. The study included 146 patients with persistent AF who underwent DCCV. Clinical and echocardiographic data were collected directly before DCCV and, for patients with SR, one month, six months, and 12 months after DCCV. We found that left atrial emptying fraction (LAEF) assessed during atrial fibrillation was significantly larger in the group with SR maintenance after 12 months than in the group with AF recurrence (30.8±8.3 vs. 24.6±10.4%; p<0.001). In multivariable logistic regression analysis with a model containing echocardiographic parameters, LAEF (OR 1.053; 95% CI 1.011-1.096; p = 0.013) and the E/e'mean ratio (OR 0.883; 95% CI 0.788-0.990; p = 0.033) were independent predictors of SR maintenance. Analyzing a model including clinical and echocardiographic variables, only LAEF (OR 1.046; 95% CI 1-1.095; p = 0.049) and beta-blockers used before DCCV (OR 14.694; 95% CI 1.622-133.139; p = 0.017) were independent predictors of SR maintenance after 12 months. Our results indicate that LAEF measured during AF is a significant predictor of SR maintenance in the 12 months following DCCV due to persistent AF. Our findings confirm the recently raised hypothesis about the superiority of echocardiographic parameters assessing mechanical remodeling over parameters assessing structural remodeling of left atrium in predicting sinus rhythm maintenance after electrical cardioversion.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Cardioversão Elétrica/métodos , Átrios do Coração/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Área Sob a Curva , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Recidiva , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia
20.
J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev ; 40(5): 285-286, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32804796

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has been spreading rapidly worldwide since late January 2020. The strict lockdown strategy prompted by the Italian government, to hamper severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV2) spreading, has reduced the possibility of performing either outdoor or gym physical activity (PA). This study investigated and quantified the reduction of PA in patients with automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) for primary prevention of sudden death. METHODS: Daily PA of 24 patients was estimated by processing recorded data from ICD-embedded accelerometric sensors used by the rate-responsive pacing systems. RESULTS: During the forced 40-d in-home confinement, a mean 25% reduction of PA was observed as compared with the 40-d confinement-free period (1.2 ± 0.3 vs 1.6 ± 0.5 hr/d, respectively, P = .0001). CONCLUSIONS: This objective quantification of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on PA determined by an ICD device showed an abrupt and statistically significant reduction of PA in primary prevention ICD patients, during the in-home confinement quarantine. To counteract the deleterious effects of physical inactivity during the COVID-19 outbreak, patients should be encouraged to perform indoor exercise-based personalized rehabilitative programs.


Assuntos
Reabilitação Cardíaca , Infecções por Coronavirus , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/prevenção & controle , Desfibriladores Implantáveis , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Telerreabilitação/organização & administração , Idoso , Betacoronavirus , Reabilitação Cardíaca/métodos , Reabilitação Cardíaca/tendências , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Cardioversão Elétrica/instrumentação , Feminino , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Quarentena/métodos
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