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1.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26(spe): e20210179, 2022. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1292850

RESUMO

Objetivo: O estudo objetivou compreender as repercussões da pandemia da Covid-19 no cuidado de lactentes prematuros, na perspectiva de mães e profissionais de saúde. Método: Foram realizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas nos meses de junho e julho de 2020, por meio de ligação telefônica, com 14 mães e quatro profissionais de saúde do serviço de follow-up de uma maternidade pública da Paraíba, Brasil. Resultados: A partir da análise temática indutiva, os impactos da pandemia no cuidado ao lactente nascido prematuro, foram: sobrecarga e afastamento dos profissionais dos serviços de saúde, desativação temporária da unidade mãe canguru, descontinuidade da assistência ao prematuro, medo materno de expor a criança à Covid-19 e baixa condição socioeconômica. Foram elencadas estratégias de enfrentamento para o cuidado dos lactentes durante a pandemia, como: maior espaçamento das consultas, acompanhamento por meio telefônico e cumprimento das medidas de biossegurança. Conclusão e implicações para a prática: A pandemia exigi adaptações na assistência, tornando necessárias novas formas de cuidado a essas crianças, como exemplo, as consultas de acompanhamento remotas, a fim de garantir o seu direito à vida e saúde


Objective: The study aimed at understanding the repercussions of the Covid-19 pandemic in the care of premature infants, from the perspective of mothers and health professionals. Method: Semi-structured interviews were conducted in the months of June and July 2020, over the telephone, with 14 mothers and four health professionals from the follow-up service of a public maternity hospital in Paraíba, Brazil. Results: From the inductive thematic analysis, the impacts of the pandemic on the care of premature infants were as follows: overload and distancing of health service professionals, temporary deactivation of the Kangaroo mother unit, discontinuity of care for the premature infant, maternal fear of exposing the child to Covid-19 and low socioeconomic status. Coping strategies for the care of infants during the pandemic were listed, such as: greater spacing between consultations, phone follow-up and compliance with biosafety measures. Conclusion and implications for the practice: The pandemic required adaptations in care, which make new forms of care necessary for these children, such as remote follow-up consultations, in order to guarantee their right to life and health


Objetivo: El estudio tuvo como objetivo comprender las repercusiones de la pandemia de Covid-19 en la atención de bebés prematuros, desde la perspectiva de las madres y los profesionales de la salud. Método: Se realizaron entrevistas semiestructuradas en los meses de junio y julio de 2020, por medio de llamadas telefónicas, a 14 madres y cuatro profesionales de la salud del servicio de seguimiento de una maternidad pública en Paraíba, Brasil. Resultados: A partir del análisis temático inductivo, los efectos de la pandemia en la atención de bebés prematuros fueron los siguientes: sobrecarga y distanciamiento de profesionales de los servicios de salud, inhabilitación temporal de la unidad Madre Canguro, discontinuidad de la atención al bebé prematuro, miedo materno a exponer al niño al Covid-19 y nivel socioeconómico bajo. Se enumeraron estrategias de afrontamiento para la atención infantil durante la pandemia, tales como: mayor intervalo entre consultas, seguimiento telefónico y cumplimiento de medidas de bioseguridad. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica: La pandemia requirió adaptaciones en la atención, que hacen necesarias nuevas formas de atención para estos niños, como las consultas de monitoreo remoto, para garantizar su derecho a la vida y a la salud


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Lactente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recém-Nascido Prematuro/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Pessoal de Saúde , Serviços de Saúde Materno-Infantil , COVID-19 , Cuidado do Lactente , Mães , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Consulta Remota , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Cobertura Vacinal , Medo , Método Canguru , Higiene das Mãos , Distanciamento Físico , COVID-19/prevenção & controle
2.
Appl Ergon ; 98: 103577, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488189

RESUMO

Bus controllers are an essential part of the London bus network. Although the bus driver is the individual directly in control of the vehicle, inputs from both the controller and driver influence operations. Currently, little research has focused on the dynamic between these parties, and how it works in the day-to-day operation of a bus. In the current study, data was collected across focus groups with controllers to understand the controller-driver relationship from the controller perspective. The objectives of the research were to: investigate interactions and working relationships between bus controllers and drivers in London and to explore the effect of controller/driver relationships on workload, stress and fatigue. It is clear that the working relationship between controllers and drivers is a challenging one, with both parties often misunderstanding the role of the other. This is made worse by the nature of communication via radio including poor quality audio leading to difficult interactions. All of the participating controllers expressed being overloaded with work, leading to feelings of stress and fatigue, with shift work and irregular hours being discussed as a cause of controller fatigue. Any steps taken to improve the difficult working relationship between drivers and controllers can be seen as beneficial because they could improve efficiency, worker wellbeing, and possibly safety.


Assuntos
Condução de Veículo , Corrida , Fadiga , Humanos , Londres , Carga de Trabalho
3.
Appl Ergon ; 98: 103604, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34662750

RESUMO

The aim of this research was to examine how broadband noise which is present in many workplaces affects dynamic decision-making. The effect of potential moderating factors, cognitive workload and sex, were also examined. Forty-eight participants (24 females) with an average age of 27.38 years (SD = 12.34) were asked to complete a dynamic decision-making task over three consecutive-days. Independent variables were Noise (Broadband - 0dBA vs. 75dBA above background) and Cognitive Workload (Low vs. High, manipulated via presence of a secondary task). Among females, broadband noise significantly impaired performance in low workload, but significantly improved performance in high workload. In contrast, among males broadband noise had no significant effect on overall performance. From an applied perspective, understanding the interaction between noise, cognitive workload and sex allows for the design of a training environment to ensure maximum performance by all staff.


Assuntos
Ruído , Carga de Trabalho , Adulto , Cognição , Feminino , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Masculino
4.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26(spe): e20210234, 2022. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1342933

RESUMO

Objetivo: Descrever a experiência de planejamento, execução e avaliação de um serviço de suporte ético-emocional para profissionais de enfermagem frente à pandemia de COVID-19. Método: Relato de experiência no âmbito da Comissão de Suporte Ético-Emocional do Conselho Regional de Minas Gerais, Brasil, desenvolvido entre os meses de abril e dezembro de 2020 e operacionalizado através de ligações telefônicas e mensagens via aplicativo de comunicação. Resultados: Foram atendidos 241 profissionais. Foram revelados e declarados sentimentos, emoções, vivências e problemas oriundos do cotidiano de trabalho da enfermagem diante do contexto pandêmico. Tais problemas reforçam a eminência, a urgência e o valor que o suporte teve para a vida, trabalho e saúde dos profissionais atendidos, configurando-se como uma estratégia de saúde e de intervenção indispensável à promoção, prevenção, segurança e proteção da saúde mental frente à pandemia. Os atendimentos culminaram na redução de sentimentos negativos; na percepção aumentada (identificação de potenciais ameaças e contextos de "gatilhos"); na valorização pessoal; no autoconhecimento e autocuidado. Considerações finais e implicações para a prática: O suporte fez-se inovador para área da saúde e da enfermagem ao constituir-se como uma estratégia multidisciplinar promotora, aconselhadora e facilitadora do cuidado em tempos de COVID-19. Encoraja-se a manutenção desta estratégia após a pandemia


Objective: To describe the experience of planning, implementing and evaluating an ethical-emotional support service for Nursing professionals facing the COVID-19 pandemic. Method: An experience report in the scope of the Ethical-Emotional Support Commission of the Regional Council of Minas Gerais, Brazil, developed between April and December 2020 and operationalized through phone calls and messages via a communication application. Results: A total of 241 professionals were assisted. Feelings, emotions, experiences and problems arising from the daily Nursing work in the pandemic context were revealed and stated. Such problems reinforce the prominence, urgency and value that the support service had for the life, work and health of the professionals assisted, configuring itself as a health and intervention strategy, indispensable for mental health promotion, prevention, safety and protection in the face of the pandemic. The consultations culminated in the reduction of negative feelings; in increased perception (identification of potential threats and "trigger" contexts); in personal appreciation; and in self-knowledge and self-care. Final considerations and implications for the practice: The support service was innovative for the Health and Nursing areas by constituting a multidisciplinary strategy that promotes, counsels, and facilitates care in times of COVID-19. We encourage the maintenance of this strategy after the pandemic


Objetivo: Describir la experiencia de planificación, implementación y evaluación de un servicio de soporte ético-emocional para los profesionales de enfermería ante la pandemia de COVID-19. Método: Relato de experiencia en el ámbito de la Comisión de Soporte Ético-Emocional del Consejo Regional de Minas Gerais, Brasil, desarrollado entre los meses de abril y diciembre de 2020 y operacionalizado a través de enlaces telefónicos y mensajes vía la aplicación de comunicación. Resultados: Se atendió a 241 profesionales. Se revelaron y declararon los sentimientos, las emociones, las experiencias y los problemas derivados del trabajo diario de las enfermeras ante el contexto de la pandemia. Estos problemas refuerzan la eminencia, la urgencia y el valor que el soporte tiene para la vida, el trabajo y la salud de los profesionales atendidos, configurándose como una estrategia de salud y de intervención indispensable para la promoción, prevención, seguridad y protección de la salud mental frente a la pandemia. Las consultas culminaron en la reducción de los sentimientos negativos; en el aumento de la percepción (identificación de posibles amenazas y contextos "desencadenantes"); en la valoración personal; en el autoconocimiento y el autocuidado. Consideraciones finales e implicaciones para la práctica: El soporte fue innovador en el ámbito de la salud y la enfermería como estrategia multidisciplinaria para promover, asesorar y facilitar la asistencia en tiempos de COVID-19. Se fomenta el mantenimiento de esta estrategia después de la pandemia


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Consulta Remota , Ética em Enfermagem , Telessaúde Mental , COVID-19/psicologia , Profissionais de Enfermagem/psicologia , Esgotamento Profissional , Saúde do Trabalhador , Carga de Trabalho
5.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20210183, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1346052

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivo analisar a influência do retorno ao trabalho de mães trabalhadoras da enfermagem no aleitamento materno. Método pesquisa qualitativa, desenvolvida por meio de formulário semiestruturado, via Google Forms, junto a 49 trabalhadoras de enfermagem do estado do Rio de Janeiro. Os dados foram submetidos à análise lexicográfica, com auxílio do software Interface de R pour Analyses Multidimensionnelles de Textes Et de Questionnaires (IRAMUTEQ), pelo método de Nuvem de Palavras e Classificação Hierárquica Descendente. Resultados o aproveitamento do corpus textual foi de 88,24%, gerando quatro classes de segmentos de texto. As principais influências do retorno ao trabalho na amamentação relatadas pelas participantes foram: a falta de apoio dos chefes e colegas de trabalho, a necessidade de local e tempo adequados para ordenha do leite materno, a diminuição na produção de leite por fatores inerentes ao trabalho e sobrecarga e ambientes insalubres de trabalho na enfermagem. Conclusão e implicações para a prática a identificação desses fatores possibilita a compreensão das demandas das nutrizes participantes e aponta para a necessidade de estratégias inovadoras, que garantam o direito das trabalhadoras, assim como adequações de infraestrutura em seus ambientes laborais.


Resumen Objetivo analizar la influencia de la reincorporación al trabajo sobre la lactancia materna de madres lactantes trabajadoras de enfermería. Método investigación cualitativa, desarrollada a través de un formulario semiestructurado, con utilización de Google Forms, con 49 trabajadoras de enfermería en el estado de Río de Janeiro. Los datos fueron sometidos a análisis lexicográfico, con el auxilio del software Interface de R pour Analyses Multidimensionnelles de Textes Et de Questionnaires (IRAMUTEQ), por los métodos de Nube de Palabras y Clasificación Jerárquica Descendente. Resultados el aprovechamiento del corpus textual fue del 88,24%, y se generaron cuatro clases de segmentos textuales. Las principales influencias de la reincorporación al trabajo sobre la lactancia materna señaladas por las participantes fueron: falta de apoyo de jefes y compañeros, necesidad de disponer de lugar y tiempo adecuados para el ordeñe de la leche materna, disminución de la producción de leche por factores inherentes al trabajo y sobrecarga e insalubridad de los ambientes de trabajo en enfermería. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica la identificación de estos factores permite comprender las demandas de las madres lactantes participantes y señala la necesidad de adoptar estrategias innovadoras, que garanticen los derechos de las trabajadoras, además de adaptaciones de infraestructura en sus ambientes de trabajo.


Abstract Objective to analyze the influences of returning to work on maternal breastfeeding in mothers who are Nursing workers. Method a qualitative research developed through a semi-structured form, using Google Forms, with 49 female Nursing workers in the state of Rio de Janeiro. The data were submitted to lexicographic analysis, with the aid of the Interface de R pour Analyses Multidimensionnelles de Textes Et de Questionnaires (IRAMUTEQ) software, by the Word Cloud and Descending Hierarchical Classification methods. Results leverage of the text corpus was 88.24%, generating four classes of text segments. The main influences of returning to work on breastfeeding reported by the participants were as follows: lack of support from the management and coworkers, need for an adequate place and time for milking breast milk and decrease in milk production due to factors inherent to the work, in addition to overload and unhealthy working environments in Nursing. Conclusion and implications for the practice the identification of these factors enables understanding the demands of the participating nursing mothers and points to the need for innovative strategies, which guarantee the workers' rights, as well as infrastructure adaptations in their work environments.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Mulheres Trabalhadoras , Aleitamento Materno , Retorno ao Trabalho , Técnicos de Enfermagem , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Apoio Social , Desmame , Jornada de Trabalho , Carga de Trabalho , Licença Parental , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Extração de Leite
6.
Crit Care Nurs Q ; 45(1): 54-61, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34818298

RESUMO

Making fair and equitable staffing decisions and patient assignments created complexities and undue nursing dissatisfaction on a 20-bed progressive care unit. Common themes shared by the nursing staff included inadequate staffing ratios, increased workload, and unease for patient safety. On the basis of these concerns, a unit-based needs assessment provided insight into what perceived and actual barriers exist preventing nurses from providing excellent care. Information gathered helped determine what could be done to overcome some barriers, and performing a comprehensive unit profile assessment allowed for better insight into how the unit was currently functioning. A comprehensive review of literature was undertaken to examine articles related to patient acuity utilizing the electronic databases CINAHL, PubMed, and MEDLINE. Key words and phrases included the following: acuity, patient acuity, acuity tools, progressive care acuity, nurse-patient assignment, workload, nursing assignments, and equitable staffing. Utilizing the results of the nurse survey, and information gained from articles gathered during the literature review, a patient acuity tool was created. The tool was believed to be an accurate representation of the patients' acuity, and the majority of charge nurses reported that they utilized the patient acuity tool score when making nurse-patient assignments. Overall staff satisfaction and perceptions of nurse-patient assignment equity were improved.


Assuntos
Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital , Admissão e Escalonamento de Pessoal , Humanos , Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente , Gravidade do Paciente , Carga de Trabalho
7.
Appl Ergon ; 99: 103633, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34740074

RESUMO

This study aims to explore the effects of noise and music types on nurses' anxiety, mental workload and situation awareness during an operation. Participants included 20 circulating nurses (CNs) and 16 nurse anesthetists (NAs) who completed a total of 70 operations in which each operation required one CN and one NA. The experiment was separated into a control group (operating noise only) vs. an experimental group (3 different music types-between subjects and 2 music volume levels-within-subjects). Results showed that all participants had excellent situation awareness performance despite their mental workload showing significant differences in various phases of the surgery. Music at 55-60 dB caused lower mental workloads and anxiousness for nurses than those exposed to levels of 75-80 dB. When Mozart's music was played, the participants' mental workload and situation anxiety were lower than when exposed to other music types. Music played at 60 dB during an operation may be a feasible solution to mitigate the negative effects of extra noise and thus improve the nurses' performance.


Assuntos
Música , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Ansiedade/etiologia , Conscientização , Humanos , Carga de Trabalho
8.
J Prof Nurs ; 37(5): 907-915, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34742521

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinical nursing teachers face conflicts and challenges while instructing nursing students in the clinical setting. They may be under job stress, which can lead to occupational burnout. PURPOSE: This study investigated the current state and relationship between job stress and occupational burnout, as well as explore the significant predictors of occupational burnout among clinical nursing teachers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design and convenience sampling was conducted. A total of 205 clinical nursing teachers from 43 nursing schools in Taiwan. Used the Chinese version of the job content questions and occupational burnout inventory to collect data. Multiple linear regression was used to determine the predictors of occupational burnout. RESULTS: The degree of perception of life stress by teachers was moderate, and occupational burnout was mild to moderate. Multiple regression analyses showed that perceived life stress and job stress were significant predictors of occupational burnout; perceived life stress was the strongest predictor of occupational burnout, explained 26.4% of the variance; and the workload explained 16.6% of the variance. CONCLUSION: Perceived life stress and job stress influence occupational burnout. This study results may help administrators recognize the vulnerability of clinical nursing teachers to different stressors and develop strategies to improve occupational burnout.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Estresse Ocupacional , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Carga de Trabalho
9.
Rev Med Chil ; 149(6): 873-880, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34751346

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A high academic workload may have adverse consequences among university students. AIM: To design and validate an instrument to measure both real and perceived academic workload for health care students. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The questionnaire was designed based on a bibliographic revision and the conduction of two focus groups conformed by undergraduate students from a Faculty of Medicine. Afterwards, it was submitted to qualitative pre-tests. The final instrument consists of a self-applied questionnaire with both a characterization section (10 questions) and one concerning academic workload by subject and semester (five and two questions, respectively). A national and international panel of 14 experts evaluated the survey content's validity. The analysis was performed according to the Content Validity Ratio and the Content Validity Index. RESULTS: The complete instrument was validated with an 84% consensus between the judges. Each section of the instrument was approved separately with a 77% and a 94% agreement, respectively. After being individually analyzed by the judges, each question was validated. The wording of questions was improved taking the experts comments into consideration. CONCLUSIONS: The proposed instrument constitutes a contribution for the measurement of real and perceived academic workload for students.


Assuntos
Estudantes , Carga de Trabalho , Atenção à Saúde , Instalações de Saúde , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 286: 55-59, 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34755690

RESUMO

This study establishes how demanding healthcare work is experienced to be and whether nurses and physicians experience different levels of workload. A meta-analytic review was conducted of 87 studies that reported Task Load Index (TLX) scores for healthcare work. Of these studies, 37 were conducted in real-life settings and 50 in lab settings without real patients. In real-life settings, clinicians experienced a workload with a mean TLX of 49 (on a 0-100 scale). Divided onto staff groups, the mean TLX for nurses was 63, which was significantly higher than the mean of 40 for physicians. Among the six TLX subscales, the main contributors to workload were mental demand, temporal demand, and effort. They were higher than physical demand and frustration. The clinicians experienced their performance - the last subscale - as closer to poor than good in 38% of the studies conducted in real-life settings. The difference between nurses and physicians was consistent across all subscales, except mental demand. Finally, it is methodologically important that TLX scores appeared not to transfer directly from lab to real-life settings. To reduce the risk of errors and burnout, new healthcare procedures and technologies should be evaluated for their impact on workload.


Assuntos
Médicos , Carga de Trabalho , Atenção à Saúde , Instalações de Saúde , Humanos , Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas
11.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(21)2021 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34770304

RESUMO

Physiological signals are immediate and sensitive to neurological changes resulting from the mental workload induced by various driving environments and are considered a quantifying tool for understanding the association between neurological outcomes and driving cognitive workloads. Neurological assessment, outside of a highly-equipped clinical setting, requires an ambulatory electroencephalography (EEG) headset. This study aimed to quantify neurological biomarkers during a resting state and two different scenarios of driving states in a virtual driving environment. We investigated the neurological responses of seventeen healthy male drivers. EEG data were measured in an initial resting state, city-roadways driving state, and expressway driving state using a portable EEG headset in a driving simulator. During the experiment, the participants drove while experiencing cognitive workloads due to various driving environments, such as road traffic conditions, lane changes of surrounding vehicles, the speed limit, etc. The power of the beta and gamma bands decreased, and the power of the delta waves, theta, and frontal theta asymmetry increased in the driving state relative to the resting state. Delta-alpha ratio (DAR) and delta-theta ratio (DTR) showed a strong correlation with a resting state, city-roadways driving state, and expressway driving state. Binary machine-learning (ML) classification models showed a near-perfect accuracy between the resting state and driving state. Moderate classification performances were observed between the resting state, city-roadways state, and expressway state in multi-class classification. An EEG-based neurological state prediction approach may be utilized in an advanced driver-assistance system (ADAS).


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trânsito , Condução de Veículo , Biomarcadores , Eletroencefalografia , Humanos , Masculino , Carga de Trabalho
12.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(11)2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34833491

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: Due to the unexpected spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), there was a serious crisis of emergency medical system collapse. Healthcare workers working in the emergency department were faced with psychosocial stress and workload changes. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional survey of healthcare workers in the emergency department in Daegu and Gyeongbuk, Korea, from November 16 to 25, 2020. In the survey, we assessed the general characteristics of the respondents; changes in the working conditions before and after the COVID-19 pandemic; and resulting post-traumatic stress disorder, depression and anxiety statuses using 49 questions. Results: A total of 529 responses were collected, and 520 responses were included for the final analyses. Changes in working conditions and other factors due to COVID-19 varied by emergency department level, region and disease group. Working hours, intensity, role changes, depression and anxiety scores were higher in the higher level emergency department. Isolation ward insufficiency and the risk of infection felt by healthcare workers tended to increase in the lower level emergency department. Treatment and transfer delay were higher in the fever and respiratory disease groups (M = 3.58, SD = 1.18; M = 4.08, SD = 0.95), respectively. In all the disease groups, both treatment and transfer were delayed more in Gyeongbuk than in Daegu. Conclusions: Different goals should be pursued by the levels and region of the emergency department to overcome the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and promote optimal care.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Ansiedade , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Carga de Trabalho
13.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(22)2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34833767

RESUMO

Driver distraction is a well-known cause for traffic collisions worldwide. Studies have indicated that shared steering control, which actively provides haptic guidance torque on the steering wheel, effectively improves the performance of distracted drivers. Recently, adaptive shared steering control based on the forearm muscle activity of the driver has been developed, although its effect on distracted driver behavior remains unclear. To this end, a high-fidelity driving simulator experiment was conducted involving 18 participants performing double lane change tasks. The experimental conditions comprised two driver states: attentive and distracted. Under each condition, evaluations were performed on three types of haptic guidance: none (manual), fixed authority, and adaptive authority based on feedback from the forearm surface electromyography of the driver. Evaluation results indicated that, for both attentive and distracted drivers, haptic guidance with adaptive authority yielded lower driver workload and reduced lane departure risk than manual driving and fixed authority. Moreover, there was a tendency for distracted drivers to reduce grip strength on the steering wheel to follow the haptic guidance with fixed authority, resulting in a relatively shorter double lane change duration.


Assuntos
Condução de Veículo , Direção Distraída , Acidentes de Trânsito , Atenção , Simulação por Computador , Humanos , Carga de Trabalho
14.
Comput Inform Nurs ; 39(11): 689-695, 2021 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34747892

RESUMO

Nurses can be overwhelmed by the growing need for documentation derived from the implantation of electronic health records. The objective was to describe the evolution of nursing workload since the implementation of the EHR. We performed a longitudinal study of global workload indicators over a 5-year period at a referral hospital in Spain since introduction of the EHR (2014). Clinical activity records of each nurse were monitored using audit logs of their accesses to EHRs. During the study period, the number of EHR sessions, the number of EHR sessions in which a nursing order was changed, and the time needed to complete each session significantly increased. The number of mouse clicks and keystrokes and the time required to complete each nursing order decreased. Documentation of the following nursing tasks increased: administration of medication, peripheral vascular catheters, urinary catheters, pressure ulcers, nursing assessment forms, and pre-surgical verification. In conclusion, since the implementation of the EHR, an increase in the workload of nursing professionals-estimated through indirect indicators-has been observed due to greater documentation.


Assuntos
Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Carga de Trabalho , Documentação , Estudos Longitudinais , Espanha , Centros de Atenção Terciária
15.
Int J Public Health ; 66: 599831, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34744566

RESUMO

Background: The effort-reward imbalance (ERI) model is widely used in job stress research. However, few studies using this model have been conducted in developing countries. This study tested the extrinsic and intrinsic hypotheses regarding the burnout of healthcare workers in China with the ERI model. Method: Job stress was assessed by Siegrist's ERI questionnaire, and burnout was evaluated by the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS). A total of 1,505 effective respondents were included in the final study. Multiple and hierarchical linear regression was used to analyze the association between components in the ERI model and burnout. Results: Emotional exhaustion and cynicism were positively correlated with ERI and overcommitment. Professional efficacy was positively related to ERI but not to overcommitment. ERI was the determining factor of emotional exhaustion and cynicism. Overcommitment moderated the relationship between ERI and emotional exhaustion and between ERI and cynicism. Conclusion: Changing workplace conditions and increasing personal resilience might alleviate burnout among hospital workers in China. The links between professional efficacy and stressful work environment need further exploration.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Pessoal de Saúde , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Humanos , Modelos Psicológicos , Recompensa , Inquéritos e Questionários , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Local de Trabalho
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34639336

RESUMO

When individuals engage in job crafting by decreasing their job demands, the workload of their teammates rises. Pursuing self-interest at the expense of others requires holding a belief about the antagonistic nature of human relations. The present research demonstrates how belief in life as a zero-sum game (BZSG) shapes workplace behaviors. Our two studies-one cross-sectional and one time-lagged-support our predictions that a strong BZSG weakens proactivity and increases the tendency to decrease one's job demands at the expense of others. We also observed a suppression effect: workload triggers a reduction in job demands indirectly by activating BZSG, while the direct link between workload and reducing hindering job demands is negative. The results are important for both theory and practice because they delineate the conditions that prompt the avoidance of job demands by the employees.


Assuntos
Carga de Trabalho , Local de Trabalho , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34639654

RESUMO

Occupational health and safety is experiencing a paradigm shift from focusing only on health at the workplace toward a holistic approach and worker well-being framework that considers both work and non-work factors. Aligned with this shift, the purpose of this pilot study was to examine how, within a person, frequencies of high-workload and recovery activities from both work and non-work periods were associated with same day well-being measures. We analyzed data on 45 workers with type 1 diabetes from whom we collected activity data 5-6 times daily over 14 days. More frequent engagement in high-workload activities was associated with lower well-being on multiple measures including higher stress. Conversely, greater recovery activity frequency was mostly associated with higher well-being indicated by lower stress and higher positive affect. Overall, our results provide preliminary validity evidence for measures of high-workload and recovery activity exposure covering both work and non-work periods that can inform and support evaluations of worker well-being.


Assuntos
Saúde do Trabalhador , Carga de Trabalho , Avaliação Momentânea Ecológica , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Local de Trabalho
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34639719

RESUMO

Significant evidence has emerged that a high volume of sprinting during training is associated with an increased risk of non-contact injuries in professional soccer players. Training load has been reported as a modifiable risk factor for successive injury in soccer. Sprint workload measures and non-contact injuries were recorded weekly in twenty-one professional soccer players over a one season period. Odds ratio (OR) and relative risk (RR) were calculated based on the weeks of high and low load of total distance (TD), high-speed distance (HSD), sprint distance (SPD). and repeated sprints (RS). The Poisson distribution estimated the interval time between the last injury and the new injury. The weeks with high-load levels increased the risk of non-contact injury associated with TD (OR: 4.1; RR: 2.4), HSD (OR: 4.6; RR: 2.6), SPD (OR: 6.9; RR: 3.7), and RS (OR: 4.3; RR: 2.7). The time between injuries was significantly longer in weeks of low-load in TD (rate ratio time (RRT) 1.5 vs. 4.2), HSD (RRT: 1.6 vs. 4.6), and SPD (RRT: 1.7 vs. 7.7) compared to weeks of high-load. The findings highlight an increased risk of non-contact injuries during high weekly sprint workloads. Possibly, TD, HSD, and SPD measured via a wearable inertial measurement unit could be modeled to track training and to reduce non-contact injuries. Finally, the interval time between the last injury and the new injury at the high-load is shorter than the low-load.


Assuntos
Futebol , Humanos , Razão de Chances , Fatores de Risco , Carga de Trabalho
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34639748

RESUMO

The behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD), which appear in all dementia patients, demand sizable commitments of time and effort from nurses. This study aims to identify issues related to the workloads of nurses who provide care for dementia patients via qualitative meta-synthesis. Eleven articles were selected using a systematic review flowchart, which were then evaluated for their quality using the Critical Appraisal Skills Program checklist. Collected data were analyzed using a line-of-argument method. Theme clusters were "increased workload due to characteristics of dementia", "increased mental stress", "difficulty associated with playing a mediator role in addition to nursing duties", and "lacking systematic support for dementia patient care". To reduce the workload and mental stress of nurses in dementia care, supportive measures appropriate for their occupational characteristics should be developed, based on workload estimates that account for the attributes of dementia patients.


Assuntos
Demência , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Humanos , Assistência ao Paciente , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Estresse Psicológico , Carga de Trabalho
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34639811

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postural strategies such as ankle, hip, or combined ankle-hip strategies are used to maintain optimal postural stability, which can be influenced by the footwear type and physiological workload. PURPOSE: This paper reports previously unreported postural strategy scores during the six conditions of the sensory organization test (SOT). METHODS: Fourteen healthy males (age: 23.6 ± 1.2 years; height: 181 ± 5.3 cm; mass: 89.2 ± 14.6 kg) were tested for postural strategy adopted during SOT in three types of occupational footwear (steel-toed work boot, tactical work boot, low-top work shoe) every 30 min during a 4-h simulated occupational workload. Postural strategy scores were analyzed using repeated measures analysis of variance at 0.05 alpha level. RESULTS: Significant differences among postural strategy scores were only evident between SOT conditions, and but not between footwear type or the workload. CONCLUSIONS: Findings indicate that occupational footwear and occupational workload did not cause a significant change in reliance on postural strategies. The significant changes in postural strategy scores were due to the availability of accurate and/or conflicting sensory feedback during SOT conditions. In SOT conditions where all three types of sensory feedback was available, the ankle strategy was predominantly adopted, while more reliance on hip strategy occurred in conditions with absent or conflicting sensory feedback.


Assuntos
Equilíbrio Postural , Carga de Trabalho , Adulto , Articulação do Tornozelo , Retroalimentação Sensorial , Humanos , Masculino , Sapatos , Adulto Jovem
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