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1.
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys ; 106(1): 37-42, 2020 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31229573

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We sought to characterize temporal trends of radiation oncology resident-reported external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) case experience with respect to various disease sites, including trends in stereotactic radiosurgery and stereotactic body radiation therapy cases. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Summarized, deidentified case logs for graduating radiation oncology residents between 2007 and 2018 were obtained from the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education national summary data report. Mean number of cumulative cases and standard deviations per graduating resident by year were evaluated. Cases were subdivided into 12 disease-site categories using the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education classification. Analysis of variance was used to determine significant differences, and strength of association was evaluated using Pearson correlation. RESULTS: The number of graduating residents per year increased by 66% from 114 in 2007 to 189 in 2018 (P < .001, r = 0.88). The overall mean number of EBRT cases per graduating resident decreased by 13.2% from 521.9 in 2007 to 478.5 in 2018, with a decrease in the ratio of nonmetastatic to metastatic cases per graduating resident. There was significant variation among the disease categories analyzed; however, the largest proportionate decreases were seen in hematologic, lung, and genitourinary malignancies. Stereotactic radiosurgery volume per graduating resident increased from an average of 27.9 cases in 2007 to 50.3 in 2018 (P < .001, r = 0.96). Stereotactic body radiation therapy volume per graduating resident increased as well, from a mean of 6 cases in 2007 to 55.6 cases in 2018 (P < .001, r = 0.99). CONCLUSIONS: We report a longitudinal summary of resident-reported experience in EBRT cases. These findings have implications for future efforts to optimize residency training programs and requirements.


Assuntos
Internato e Residência/tendências , Neoplasias/radioterapia , Radioterapia (Especialidade)/tendências , Carga de Trabalho , Análise de Variância , Competência Clínica , Neoplasias Hematológicas/radioterapia , Humanos , Internato e Residência/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Longitudinais , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Metástase Neoplásica/radioterapia , Neoplasias/classificação , Radioterapia (Especialidade)/estatística & dados numéricos , Radiocirurgia/estatística & dados numéricos , Radiocirurgia/tendências , Radioterapia/estatística & dados numéricos , Radioterapia/tendências , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Neoplasias Urogenitais/radioterapia , Carga de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos
2.
J Surg Res ; 245: 57-63, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31401248

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To understand how surgeon expectation of case difficulty relates to workload for colon and rectal procedures and to identify possible surgeon-perceived drivers contributing to case difficulty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For 3 mo, surgeons were asked to complete a modified NASA-Task Load Index (NASA-TLX) questionnaire following each surgical case. Questions included items on distractions, fatigue, procedural difficulty, and expectation plus the validated NASA-TLX items. All but expectation were rated on a 20-point scale (0 = low, 20 = high). Expectation was rated on a 3-point scale (i.e., more difficult than expected, as expected, less difficult than expected). Surgeons also reported perceived drivers contributing to case ease or difficulty. Patient and procedural data were analyzed for procedures with completed surveys. RESULTS: Seven surgeons (three female) rated 122 procedures over the research period using a modified NASA-TLX survey. Mean surgeon-perceived workload was highest for effort (mean [M] = 10.83, standard deviation [SD] = 5.66) followed by mental demand (M = 10.18, SD = 5.17), and physical demand (M = 9.19, SD = 5.60). Procedural difficulty varied significantly by procedure type (P < 0.001). Thirty-five percent of cases were considered more difficult than expected. Surgeon-perceived workload and most subscales differed significantly according to expectation level. There was no significant difference in patient factors by expectation level. Surgeons most frequently reported patient anatomy, body habitus, and operative team characteristics as drivers to difficulty and ease of cases. CONCLUSIONS: Procedural difficulty significantly differed across procedure type. More than one-third of cases were more difficult than expected, during which surgeons attributed this to operative team characteristics as well as issues in patient anatomy and body habitus.


Assuntos
Colectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Protectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgiões/psicologia , Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , Canal Anal/cirurgia , Competência Clínica , Colectomia/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Laparoscopia/psicologia , Laparoscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Protectomia/psicologia , Cirurgiões/estatística & dados numéricos , Carga de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos
3.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 19(1): 812, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31699084

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Human workload is a key factor for system performance, but data on emergency medical services (EMS) are scarce. We investigated paramedics' workload and the influencing factors for non-emergency medical transfers. These missions make up a major part of EMS activities in Germany and are growing steadily in number. METHODS: Paramedics rated missions retrospectively through an online questionnaire. We used the NASA-Task Load Index (TLX) to quantify workload and asked about a variety of medical and procedural aspects for each mission. Teamwork was assessed by the Weller teamwork measurement tool (TMT). With a multiple linear regression model, we identified a set of factors leading to relevant increases or decreases in workload. RESULTS: A total of 194 non-emergency missions were analysed. Global workload was rated low (Mean = 27/100). In summary, 42.8% of missions were rated with a TLX under 20/100. TLX subscales revealed low task demands but a very positive self-perception of performance (Mean = 15/100). Teamwork gained high ratings (Mean TMT = 5.8/7), and good teamwork led to decreases in workload. Aggression events originating from patients and bystanders occurred frequently (n = 25, 12.9%) and increased workload significantly. Other factors affecting workload were the patient's body weight and the transfer of patients with transmittable pathogens. CONCLUSION: The workload during non-emergency medical transfers was low to very low, but performance perception was very positive, and no indicators of task underload were found. We identified several factors that led to workload increases. Future measures should attempt to better train paramedics for aggression incidents, to explore the usefulness of further technical aids in the transfer of obese patients and to reconsider standard operating procedures for missions with transmittable pathogens.


Assuntos
Pessoal Técnico de Saúde , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Carga de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Pessoal Técnico de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Alemanha , Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
5.
Int J Occup Environ Med ; 10(4): 174-184, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31586382

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whole-body vibration (WBV) and mental workload (MWL) are common stressors among drivers who attempt to control numerous variables while driving a car, bus, or train. OBJECTIVE: To examine the individual and combined effects of the WBV and MWL on the autonomic nervous system. METHODS: ECG of 24 healthy male students was recorded using NeXus-4 while performing two difficulty levels of a computerized dual task and when they were exposing to WBV (intensity 0.5 m/s2; frequency 3-20 Hz). Each condition was examined for 5 min individually and combined. Inter-beat intervals were extracted from ECG records. The time-domain and frequency-domain heart rate variability parameters were then extracted from the inter-beat intervals data. RESULTS: A significant (p=0.008) increase was observed in the mean RR interval while the participants were exposed to WBV; there was a significant (p=0.02) reduction in the mean RR interval while the participants were performing the MWL. WBV (p=0.02) and MWL significantly (p<0.001) increased the standard deviation of normal-to-normal intervals with a moderate-to-large effect size. All active periods increased the low-frequency component and low-frequency/high-frequency ratio. However, only the WBV significantly increased the highfrequency component. A significant (p=0.01) interaction was observed between the WBV and MWL on low-frequency component and low-frequency/high-frequency ratio. CONCLUSION: Exposure to WBV and MWL can dysregulate the autonomic nervous system. WBV stimulates both sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system; MWL largely affects sympathetic nervous system. Both variables imbalance the sympatho-vagal control as well.


Assuntos
Condução de Veículo , Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/fisiologia , Processos Mentais/fisiologia , Vibração , Carga de Trabalho , Adulto , Condução de Veículo/psicologia , Condução de Veículo/estatística & dados numéricos , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Ruído Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Ruído Ocupacional/estatística & dados numéricos , Ruído dos Transportes/efeitos adversos , Ruído dos Transportes/estatística & dados numéricos , Exposição Ocupacional/estatística & dados numéricos , Projetos Piloto , Estudantes , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Carga de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
6.
Rev Saude Publica ; 53: 79, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31576940

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of work ability (WA) and describe characteristics of the subgroup with poor WA among military police officers. METHODS: A descriptive and cross-sectional study with 329 male military police officers engaged in street patrolling in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil, selected by proportionate stratified sampling. The Work Ability Index and a structured form were used to collect information about age, education, marital status, housing, salary, car ownership, work hours, rank (official or enlisted), drinking, smoking, frequency of vigorous physical activity, and obesity. Data were analyzed by uni and bivariate statistical techniques. RESULTS: The work ability of the 329 military police officers was classified as poor (10.3%), moderate (28.9%), good (34.7%), and excellent (26.1%), with mean score of 37.8 and standard deviation of 7.3 points. Policemen with poor work ability, compared with those with moderate, good or excellent WA, presented higher proportions of individuals who did not own their residences (p < 0.001), with work hours above eight hours/day (p < 0.026), and obesity (p < 0.001). In the subgroup of the 26 policemen who concomitantly did not own their residences, worked more than eight 8 hours/day and were obese, the prevalence of poor work ability was 31.0%. The prevalence of poor WA was 31.0% among the 29 policemen who were simultaneously obese and did not own their residences and of 27.9% among the 43 policemen who were obese and work hours above eight hours/day. CONCLUSIONS: A high percentage of military police officers from Salvador presented poor or moderate work ability, which may hamper or compromise their policing activities. The prevalence of poor work ability was higher among the policemen who did not own their residences, worked more than 8 hours/day and were obese.


Assuntos
Polícia/estatística & dados numéricos , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho , Adulto , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Exercício , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Valores de Referência , Fumar/epidemiologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Carga de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
7.
Br J Anaesth ; 123(5): 679-687, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31561883

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: While increased surgical-provider volume has been associated with improved outcomes, research regarding volume-outcome relationships within high-volume institutions and the role of anaesthesiologists is limited. Further, the effect of anaesthesia-care-team composition remains understudied. This analysis aimed to identify the impact of anaesthesiologist and surgeon volume on adverse events after total joint arthroplasties. METHODS: We retrospectively identified 40 437 patients who underwent total joint arthroplasties at a high-volume institution from 2005 to 2014. The main effects of interest were anaesthesiologist and surgeon volume and experience along with anaesthesia-care-team composition. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to evaluate three outcomes: any complication, cardiopulmonary complication, and length of stay (>5 days). Odds ratios (ORs) and 99.75% confidence intervals (CIs) were reported. RESULTS: Across all three models, anaesthesiologist volume and experience, and anaesthesia-care-team composition were not significant predictors. Surgeon annual case volume >50 was associated with significantly reduced odds of any complication (annual case volume: 50-149; OR: 0.80; CI: 0.66-0.98) and prolonged length of stay (OR: 0.69; CI: 0.60-0.80). Surgeon experience >20 yr was associated with significantly reduced odds of prolonged length of stay (OR: 0.85; CI: 0.75-0.95). CONCLUSIONS: Anaesthesiologist volume and experience, and anaesthesia-care-team composition did not impact the odds of an adverse outcome, although a higher surgeon volume was associated with decreased odds of complications and prolonged length of stay. Further study is necessary to determine if these findings can be extrapolated to less specialised, lower volume surgical settings.


Assuntos
Anestesiologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Artroplastia de Quadril/normas , Artroplastia do Joelho/normas , Competência Clínica/estatística & dados numéricos , Carga de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Anestesia/métodos , Anestesia/normas , Anestesia/estatística & dados numéricos , Anestesiologia/organização & administração , Anestesiologia/normas , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Comorbidade , Feminino , Hospitais com Alto Volume de Atendimentos/normas , Hospitais com Alto Volume de Atendimentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , New York/epidemiologia , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 101(8): 584-588, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31537105

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence published a draft consultation update on abdominal aortic aneurysm, which was expected to be published on 7 November 2018. This article analyses the readiness of NHS hospitals and their workforce to embrace the proposed guidelines. METHODS: The trust and individual surgeon-level anonymised data in the public domain for elective, rupture and complex abdominal aortic aneurysm cases were collected and analysed for all the acute care trusts providing these services from the Vascular Society of Great Briton and Ireland's prospective National Vascular Registry database. RESULTS: Of the 95 acute care trusts providing the service for the year 2017, the annual volume of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (both endovascular and open repairs) ranged between 0 and 137. Of these, 64 (67.36%) trusts had an annual volume of fewer than 60 cases. A total of 366 (approximately 75% of 490) vascular surgeons have performed 10 or fewer open abdominal aortic aneurysm repairs in three years (2014-2016) with a mean operating volume of 1.452 procedures per surgeon per three years (n = 254, median 0, interquartile range, IQR, 0-3, 0.484 procedures per surgeon per year) and about 51% of the vascular surgeons have only performed five or fewer procedures in those three years with a mean operating volume of 3.455 per surgeon per three years (n = 367, median 3, IQR 0-3, 1.151 per surgeon per year). CONCLUSION: The observations show that most UK acute hospitals lack the optimum case volume necessary to embrace the proposed change in the guideline.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/normas , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/epidemiologia , Ruptura Aórtica/epidemiologia , Ruptura Aórtica/cirurgia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/normas , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Emergências , Medicina Baseada em Evidências/métodos , Fidelidade a Diretrizes/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Irlanda/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros , Medicina Estatal/normas , Medicina Estatal/estatística & dados numéricos , Reino Unido/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/estatística & dados numéricos , Carga de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos
9.
Anaesthesia ; 74(12): 1524-1533, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31538329

RESUMO

The recent development of electronic logbooks with secure off-device data storage provides a rich resource for research. We present the largest analysis of anaesthetic logbooks to date, with data from 494,235 cases logged by 964 anaesthetists over a 4-year period. Our analysis describes and compares the annual case-load and supervision levels of different grades of anaesthetists across the UK and Republic of Ireland. We calculated the number of cases undertaken per year by grade (median (IQR [range]) core trainees = 388 (252-512 [52-1204]); specialist trainees = 344 (228-480 [52-1144]); and consultants = 328 (204-500 [52-1316]). Overall, the proportion of cases undertaken with direct consultant supervision was 56.7% and 41.6% for core trainees and specialist trainees, respectively. The proportion of supervised cases reduced out-of-hours, for both core trainees (day 93.5%, evening 86.3%, night 78.6%) and specialist trainees (day 81.0%, evening 67.7%, night 56.4%).


Assuntos
Anestesiologistas/estatística & dados numéricos , Carga de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Anestesiologia , Competência Clínica , Bases de Dados Factuais , Humanos , Irlanda , Estudos Retrospectivos , Reino Unido
11.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 65(8): 1048-1054, 2019 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531600

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Medical Residency is a recognized form of professional qualification, but there are criticisms regarding the overload of work activities. Given the length of the daily and weekly workdays, residents develop practices that enable them to reconcile the Residency with their personal life. AIM: To describe time management strategies in the daily routine of Internal Medicine Medical Residents of a university hospital in São Paulo, Brasil. METHODS: Eight interviews were conducted with resident physicians of the second year, addressing aspects of personal and family life, theoretical study, practical activities, and work bonds. Content analysis was carried out using the MaxQDA software. RESULTS: Six thematic categories emerged from the reports: work organization at the Medical Residency; learning and/or professional activities; housing, financial planning, and household activities; time for leisure and interpersonal relationship; family planning/children; rest/sleep. DISCUSSION: Several strategies are adopted for time management: residing near the hospital, domestic activities helped by housekeepers, postponement of maternity leave, and social support centered on interacting with other residents. There are paid activities not associated with the Residency, which lead to reduced time for rest, study, and leisure, with a greater loss during work at night shifts. CONCLUSIONS: Residents experience a period of intense learning, which requires a high workload and complex work. The evaluation of the work organization of medical residents should include not only time for rest but also time management strategies for daily activities, which can reduce the negative outcomes associated with long working hours.


Assuntos
Medicina Interna/educação , Internato e Residência/estatística & dados numéricos , Gerenciamento do Tempo , Carga de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Brasil , Feminino , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Medicina Interna/estatística & dados numéricos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia
12.
Am J Health Syst Pharm ; 76(7): 470-477, 2019 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415682

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The development and implementation of a team-based pharmacy practice model is described. METHODS: In January 2016 a transition from a staff-specialist to a team-based pharmacy practice model was implemented. The overall goal of the model change was to enhance the pharmacist's clinical roles and further integrate pharmacists into the healthcare team. Before implementation of the new staffing model, a formalized metric evaluation process was created. The aim of this metric evaluation was to gauge model success, determine areas of model revision, and objectively communicate pharmacist impact. Objective metrics were evaluated before implementation and 1 year after implementation. In addition, surveys were distributed to pharmacists, physicians, nursing and hospital administration before and after model implementation. RESULTS: At 1-year postimplementation, the pharmacist:patient bed ratio decreased from 1:87 to 1:47, the number of rounds/huddles with pharmacist attendance increased by 63% to 80 per week, and the number of clinical interventions and new clinical consultations increased from 57 to 62 and from 12 to 16 per day, respectively. Nonformulary medication use also decreased from 1.77 to 0.623 per 1000 patient days, and compliance with therapeutic initiatives increased from 77%to 91%. Overall, 72% of pharmacist survey responses indicated satisfaction with the model change. CONCLUSION: A team-based pharmacy practice model was designed and successfully implemented over a 3-year period. Data analysis revealed improvements in clinical and operational endpoints and enhanced pharmacist, physician, and nursing satisfaction.


Assuntos
Modelos Organizacionais , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Farmacêuticos/organização & administração , Serviço de Farmácia Hospitalar/organização & administração , Papel Profissional , Centros Médicos Acadêmicos/organização & administração , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Implementação de Plano de Saúde , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Farmacêuticos/psicologia , Farmacêuticos/estatística & dados numéricos , Médicos/psicologia , Desenvolvimento de Programas , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Visitas com Preceptor/estatística & dados numéricos , Carga de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos
13.
Am J Health Syst Pharm ; 76(13): 992-997, 2019 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415686

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To describe the methods used in the development of an intravenous chemotherapy workload and productivity dashboard and its impact on symptoms of burnout and technician turnover. SUMMARY: In February 2017, chemotherapy sterile preparation pharmacy technicians reported symptoms of burnout as a result of perceived increase in workload. In response, an i.v. chemotherapy workload and productivity dashboard was developed at an academic medical center to validate workload in comparison to the reported job stress of pharmacy technicians. The dashboard provided pharmacy leadership objective data to validate staff concerns and leveraged lean principles to level-load the work prior to requesting additional full-time equivalents (FTEs) to senior leadership. The rate of turnover of i.v. chemotherapy technicians was assessed before (December 2016-June 2017) and after (July 2017-January 2018) dashboard implementation and approval of an additional i.v. chemotherapy technician FTE. The addition of the new FTE resulted in a decrease in productivity from an average of 106% (range 67%-151%) to 84% (range 65%-110%). The interventions allowed for the ability to leverage a staffing-to-demand model, resulting in the observed improvement in technician symptoms of burnout and a notable decrease in the overall turnover rate of i.v. chemotherapy technicians. CONCLUSION: The i.v. chemotherapy workload and productivity dashboard confirmed frontline staff perception and provided data to support the addition of labor resource and an opportunity to leverage a staffing-to-demand model to decrease symptoms of burnout and technician turnover.


Assuntos
Eficiência Organizacional , Reorganização de Recursos Humanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviço de Farmácia Hospitalar/organização & administração , Técnicos em Farmácia/estatística & dados numéricos , Carga de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Administração Intravenosa , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Esgotamento Profissional/prevenção & controle , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Implementação de Plano de Saúde , Humanos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Serviço de Farmácia Hospitalar/estatística & dados numéricos , Técnicos em Farmácia/psicologia , Desenvolvimento de Programas , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31408983

RESUMO

We aimed to quantitatively estimate the amount of pressure that was placed on basic public health care services (BPHS) due to the universal two-child policy issued in 2015 by comparing the workload change in maternal and child health management and the immunization of children. BPHS performance surveillance data from 2014 to 2018 in Zhejiang Province, China were analyzed to calculate the workload of the above three services using the equivalent method of BPHS cost estimation of community health services. From 2014 to 2018, the numbers of births from the Statistical Yearbook in Zhejiang Province were 578,000, 581,000, 624,000, 670,000, and 628,000, respectively, and those from the surveillance data were 416,941, 41,490, 434,163, 546,816, and 45,964, respectively. The number of births reached a peak in 2017, with the yearbook and surveillance data showing increases of 15.92% and 31.15%, respectively, over 2014. The workload of maternal and child health management and children's immunization also peaked in 2017, increasing by 30.37%, 12.70%, and 4.33% over 2014, respectively. In 2018, the workload of maternal and child health management and children's immunization dropped to 107.34%, 107.73%, and 98.81% over 2014, respectively. The indicators of maternal and child health management and children's immunization services remained stable, and the related services did not decline, even in 2017. The maternal health management workload was more affected by the universal two-child policy than child health management and children's immunization.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde Comunitária/estatística & dados numéricos , Política Pública , Carga de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , China , Serviços de Saúde Comunitária/economia , Custos e Análise de Custo , Humanos , Imunização , Estados Unidos
15.
Am J Health Syst Pharm ; 76(Supplement_3): S74-S78, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31418772

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The development and implementation of centralized mail-order pharmacy services in an academic healthcare system are described. SUMMARY: The use of mail-order pharmacy services continues to increase, as mail-order services offer patient benefits such as reduced copayments and improved clinical outcomes. Prior to undertaking an initiative to improve its mail-order pharmacy services, the University of Utah Health system's pharmacy department offered decentralized mail-order pharmacy services at all of its retail pharmacies, but there was no standardized process for processing mail-order prescriptions or providing phone support to mail-order patients. Centralized mail-order pharmacy services were developed and implemented by creating (1) a standard process for mail-order pharmacy services, (2) a centralized mail-order prescription filling center, and (3) a call center to support mail-order pharmacy services. Implementation of centralized mail-order pharmacy services resulted in an almost 50% reduction in time spent by pharmacy team members on mail-order prescription filling and packaging tasks. Use of a central call center resulted in a decreased call abandonment rate and contributed to a decreased pharmacy workload resulting from an overall reduction in call volume due to an increased rate of first-call issue resolution. CONCLUSION: Establishment of a centralized mail-order pharmacy service along with operational and infrastructure improvements resulted in improved quality and regulatory compliance and enhanced labor efficiency and patient communication.


Assuntos
Implementação de Plano de Saúde , Farmácias/organização & administração , Serviço de Farmácia Hospitalar/organização & administração , Serviços Postais , Call Centers/organização & administração , Hospitais Universitários/organização & administração , Hospitais Universitários/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Farmácias/estatística & dados numéricos , Farmacêuticos/organização & administração , Farmacêuticos/estatística & dados numéricos , Desenvolvimento de Programas , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Carga de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos
16.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 27: e3167, 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Português, Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432920

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: analyze the safety culture of multidisciplinary teams from three neonatal intensive care units of public hospitals in Minas Gerais, Brazil. METHOD: a cross-sectional survey conducted with 514 health professionals, using the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture; data were subjected to a descriptive statistical analysis in software R-3.3.2. RESULTS: the findings showed that none of the dimensions had a positive response score above 75% to be considered as a strength area. The dimension 'Nonpunitive response to error' was classified as a critical area of the patient safety culture, present in 55.45% of the responses. However, areas with potential for improvements were identified, such as 'Teamwork within units' (59.44%) and 'Supervisor/manager's expectations and actions to promote patient safety' (49.90%). CONCLUSION: none of the dimensions was considered as a strength area, which indicates safety culture has not been fully implemented in the evaluated units. A critical look at the weaknesses of the patient safety process is recommended in order to seek strategies for the adoption of a positive safety culture to benefit patients, family members and health professionals.


Assuntos
Hospitais Públicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal/estatística & dados numéricos , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Segurança do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Gestão da Segurança/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hospitais Públicos/normas , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal/normas , Masculino , Cultura Organizacional , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Segurança do Paciente/normas , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde/normas , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Gestão da Segurança/normas , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo , Carga de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
17.
Am J Health Syst Pharm ; 76(16): 1248-1253, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31369117

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Results of a study to determine the proportion of anticoagulation clinic workload that could be performed by clinical pharmacy technicians (CPTs) and the potential impact on operational efficiency of pharmacist-managed anticoagulation clinics (ACCs) are reported. METHODS: In a quality improvement project involving 11 Veterans Affairs (VA) medical centers, investigators conducted a 3-day time study in pharmacist-managed ACCs followed by scoring of task appropriateness for CPTs via the RAND/UCLA appropriateness method by the VA Anticoagulation Subject Matter Expert (SME) Workgroup. The primary outcome was the percentage of tasks deemed appropriate for a CPT to perform. RESULTS: The Anticoagulation SME Workgroup determined that a wide variety of mainly administrative ACC tasks could be completed by a CPT. At the 11 VA ACCs, an average of 53.4% (range, 39.9-76.1%) of tasks being performed by pharmacists were deemed appropriate for CPTs. The average percentage of total clinic time associated with performing tasks appropriate for a CPT equated to an estimated 1,111 hours per year. Shifting that portion of the annual work hours to a CPT could potentially result in cost avoidance of $55,302. CONCLUSION: At the ACCs evaluated, a significant proportion of tasks (53.4% on average) may be appropriate to assign to CPTs to improve the operational efficiency of these clinics. This finding supports development of business plans for the addition of CPTs in ACCs along with elements to inform crafting of an effective template for ACC structure, including clearly defined CPT roles.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/prevenção & controle , Hemorragia/prevenção & controle , Ambulatório Hospitalar/organização & administração , Técnicos em Farmácia/organização & administração , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/sangue , Monitoramento de Medicamentos/métodos , Monitoramento de Medicamentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Eficiência Organizacional , Hemorragia/sangue , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Hospitais de Veteranos/organização & administração , Hospitais de Veteranos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Coeficiente Internacional Normatizado , Ambulatório Hospitalar/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviço de Farmácia Hospitalar/organização & administração , Serviço de Farmácia Hospitalar/estatística & dados numéricos , Técnicos em Farmácia/estatística & dados numéricos , Papel Profissional , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Varfarina/uso terapêutico , Carga de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos
18.
Eur J Radiol ; 118: 257-263, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31439252

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In oncology clinical trials, nonconformity issues are frequently reported. Radiological workload is increasing, thus reducing radiologists' availability and affecting diagnostic quality. We compared performances of a standard radiological workflow (SW) and a novel "hybrid workflow" (HW). METHOD: We prospectively studied imaging data of 40 patients included in RECIST 1.1 clinical trials. Ninety-six time-points were reviewed by 7 radiologists and one trained technologist. Nonconformities using the SW were retrieved from hospital archives. For the HW, radiologists performed all baseline evaluations; the technologist made subsequent measurements. Finally, the radiologists checked the technologist's findings before confirming the evaluations. The HW enabled implementation of an electronic reporting system. An independent body compared SW and HW reading times and nonconformity occurrences. RESULTS: Using SW, 19 types of nonconformity were found: blank report (13%); unsigned report (11%); undocumented change of tumor burden (10%); undocumented new lesions (9%); missing/wrong patients' appointment dates (7%); undocumented tumor location (5%); error in tumor burden change (5%). SW and HW nonconformities affected 55% (179/323) and 5% (2/40) of reports, respectively (p < 0.001). HW nonconformities were: one inaccurate login name was used on the platform, and one erroneous time-point number. On average, SW required 11'30″ [10'06″; 13'20″] per time-point. HW required 1'35″ [40″; 5'08″] for radiologists, and 12'18″ [11'12″; 14'18″] for the technologist. CONCLUSIONS: HW significantly reduced the number of trial nonconformities and saved 87% of radiologists' time while enabling them to apply their expertise to final decisions. HW could offer an effective opportunity for cost reduction associated with improved imaging trial quality.


Assuntos
Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias/terapia , Critérios de Avaliação de Resposta em Tumores Sólidos , Fluxo de Trabalho , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/patologia , Radiologistas/estatística & dados numéricos , Radiologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Sistemas de Informação em Radiologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Tempo , Carga Tumoral , Carga de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos
19.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 19(1): 533, 2019 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366394

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In some low-resource settings bubble continuous positive airway pressure (bCPAP) is increasingly used to treat children with pneumonia. However, the time required for healthcare workers (HCWs) to administer bCPAP is unknown and may have implementation implications. This study aims to compare HCW time spent administering bCPAP and low-flow nasal oxygen care at a district hospital in Malawi during CPAP IMPACT (Improving Mortality for Pneumonia in African Children Trial). METHODS: Eligible participants were 1-59 months old with WHO-defined severe pneumonia and HIV-infection, HIV-exposure, severe malnutrition, or hypoxemia and were randomized to either bCPAP or oxygen. We used time motion techniques to observe hospital care in four hour blocks during treatment initiation or follow up (maintenance). HCW mean time per patient at the bedside over the observation period was calculated by study arm. RESULTS: Overall, bCPAP required an average of 34.71 min per patient more than low-flow nasal oxygen to initiate (bCPAP, 118.18 min (standard deviation (SD) 42.73 min); oxygen, 83.47 min (SD, 20.18 min), p < 0.01). During initiation, HCWs spent, on average, 12.45 min longer per patient setting up bCPAP equipment (p < 0.01) and 11.13 min longer per patient setting up the bCPAP nasal interface (p < 0.01), compared to oxygen equipment and nasal cannula set-up. During maintenance care, HCWs spent longer on average per patient adjusting bCPAP, compared to oxygen equipment (bCPAP 4.57 min (SD, 4.78 min); oxygen, 1.52 min (SD, 2.50 min), p = 0.03). CONCLUSION: Effective bCPAP implementation in low-resource settings will likely create additional HCW burden relative to usual pneumonia care with oxygen. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrials.gov NCT02484183 , June 29, 2015.


Assuntos
Pressão Positiva Contínua nas Vias Aéreas/métodos , Corpo Clínico Hospitalar , Oxigenoterapia/métodos , Pneumonia/terapia , Carga de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde , Hospitais de Distrito , Humanos , Lactente , Malaui/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pneumonia/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Estudos de Tempo e Movimento
20.
BMC Med Educ ; 19(1): 245, 2019 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31277615

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study, undertaken in Bangkok, Thailand, explored the extent to which paediatric residents in a non-Western setting experienced burnout and the potential association with factors in the medical educational climate and work-related quality of life. METHODS: An exploratory sequential mixed methods design was employed in a cross-sectional study. The initial, quantitative phase used the validated Maslach Burnout Inventory, the Postgraduate Hospital Educational Environmental Measure (PHEEM) and Work-Related Quality of Life scale (WRQoL). Regression analysis was used to identify the correlation between burnout and educational climate. Thereafter, residents in all years with high levels of burnout on subscales were interviewed individually. RESULTS: Forty-one paediatric residents completed the three questionnaires. None had high levels related to burnout in all three domains (emotional exhaustion, high level of depersonalization and perceived low personal accomplishment), seven (17%) showed high levels in two out of three domains. Emotional exhaustion and educational climate (perceptions of role autonomy, perceptions of teaching, perceptions of social support) were correlated with work-related quality of life. In the interviews, the main themes related to burnout were inappropriate tasks, teachers and teaching styles, the perception of knowledge insecurity relating to task performance, time dimensions, life crisis during training, role expectations and work allocation clarity, and facilities such as accommodation. CONCLUSIONS: The study, in a non-Western setting, demonstrated a positive relation between educational climate and work-related quality of life. To help reduce the risk of burnout, the following factors were identified: minimize unnecessary or duplicated workload, schedule time arrangements to avoid extension of regular duty hours, and clearly define role expectations. The impact of inappropriate tasks, teachers and teaching styles (including unsafe environment) on the incidence of burnout was also highlighted. Additional studies focusing on teaching styles, safe learning climate and mistreatment in a non-Western context are needed.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Docentes/normas , Internato e Residência , Pediatria/educação , Tolerância ao Trabalho Programado/psicologia , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Internato e Residência/normas , Satisfação no Emprego , Aprendizagem , Masculino , Admissão e Escalonamento de Pessoal , Qualidade de Vida , Apoio Social , Tailândia/epidemiologia , Carga de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
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