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1.
Can J Surg ; 63(5): E454-E459, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33107817

RESUMO

SUMMARY: Small surgical residency programs like plastic surgery can be challenging environments to accommodate parental leave. This study aimed to report the experiences, attitudes and perceived support of Canadian plastic surgery residents, recent graduates and staff surgeons with respect to pregnancy and parenting during training. Residents and staff surgeons were invited via email to participate in an online survey. The results presented here explore experiences of pregnancy and parental leave of current plastic surgery residents and staff surgeons. Residents' and staff surgeons' perceptions of program director support, policies, negative comments and the impact of parental leave on the workload of others were also explored. Although the findings suggest that there may be improvements in the support of program directors, there continues to be a negative attitude in surgical culture toward pregnancy during residency. The perceived confusion of respondents with respect to programspecific policies emphasizes the need for open conversations and standardization of parental leave.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Internato e Residência/estatística & dados numéricos , Licença Parental/estatística & dados numéricos , Gravidez/psicologia , Cirurgia Plástica/educação , Adulto , Canadá , Feminino , Humanos , Internato e Residência/organização & administração , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Diretores Médicos/psicologia , Políticas , Gravidez/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgiões/psicologia , Cirurgiões/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgia Plástica/psicologia , Cirurgia Plástica/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários/estatística & dados numéricos , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Carga de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos
2.
Sante Publique ; Vol. 31(5): 611-621, 2020 Jan 13.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33124787

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of the article is to describe the follow-up of pregnancies at work and occupational exposure to potential risks for pregnancy. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was performed from April 1, 2017 to October 31, 2017 in the occupational health departments of French hospitals. After delivery and at the time of returning to work, 1,165 eligible workers were interviewed by occupational health physicians (OHPs). Socio-demographic information was self-reported. Occupational exposures were assessed by an OHP. Birth weight, gestational age, and sick leaves were also collected. RESULTS: Among recruited workers, 51.8% were exposed to more than 5 occupational hazards. Biological and physical hazards were the most common hazards at the workplace. Note that heavy lifting ≥ 15 kg concerned 9.5% of workers. Only 20.1% of workers had a specific "pregnancy at work" medical visit with OHP during pregnancy; 26.8% benefited from workstation adjustments. In contrast, the level of sick leaves was high (86.7%). CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that pregnant workers in hospitals must be strictly supervised.


Assuntos
Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Complicações na Gravidez/prevenção & controle , Gestantes , Estresse Psicológico , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Local de Trabalho , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Hospitais , Humanos , Estresse Ocupacional , Gravidez , Estresse Psicológico/complicações , Mulheres Trabalhadoras , Trabalho/psicologia
3.
JCO Glob Oncol ; 6: 1494-1509, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017179

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has had a global impact, and Singapore has seen 33,000 confirmed cases. Patients with cancer, their caregivers, and health care workers (HCWs) need to balance the challenges associated with COVID-19 while ensuring that cancer care is not compromised. This study aimed to evaluate the psychological effect of COVID-19 on these groups and the prevalence of burnout among HCWs. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of patients, caregivers, and HCWs at the National Cancer Centre Singapore was performed over 17 days during the lockdown. The Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 and Maslach Burnout Inventory were used to assess for anxiety and burnout, respectively. Self-reported fears related to COVID-19 were collected. RESULTS: A total of 624 patients, 408 caregivers, and 421 HCWs participated in the study, with a response rate of 84%, 88%, and 92% respectively. Sixty-six percent of patients, 72.8% of caregivers, and 41.6% of HCWs reported a high level of fear from COVID-19. The top concern of patients was the wide community spread of COVID-19. Caregivers were primarily worried about patients dying alone. HCWs were most worried about the relatively mild symptoms of COVID-19. The prevalence of anxiety was 19.1%, 22.5%, and 14.0% for patients, caregivers, and HCWs, respectively. Patients who were nongraduates and married, and caregivers who were married were more anxious. The prevalence of burnout in HCWs was 43.5%, with more anxious and fearful HCWs reporting higher burnout rates. CONCLUSION: Fears and anxiety related to COVID-19 are high. Burnout among HCWs is similar to rates reported prepandemic. An individualized approach to target the specific fears of each group will be crucial to maintain the well-being of these vulnerable groups and prevent burnout of HCWs.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Cuidadores/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Neoplasias/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Ansiedade/psicologia , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Esgotamento Profissional/diagnóstico , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Institutos de Câncer/organização & administração , Institutos de Câncer/normas , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Estudos Transversais , Medo/psicologia , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/organização & administração , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/normas , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/normas , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa do Paciente para o Profissional/prevenção & controle , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa do Profissional para o Paciente/prevenção & controle , Masculino , Oncologia/organização & administração , Oncologia/normas , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/terapia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Prevalência , Singapura/epidemiologia , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia
4.
Rev Esp Salud Publica ; 942020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33034306

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Covid-19 is a latent threat; a sector of the population with a labor obligation carries out its work not in person in an unplanned context due to the extraordinary social distancing expressed in remote work, without previous experience in many cases and with health exposure due to psychosocial risk factors conditioning stress. Our objective was to describe the fatigue and mental burden in teleworkers through a bibliographic review, of interest for occupational health, public health, clinical research, psychology and other areas of knowledge. We also intend to inform the community about these issues to promote safe telework and ensure a balanced quality of life. METHODS: Structured information on the topics of fatigue and mental load was presented, based on the analysis of international literature, mainly from recent years, obtained from the search engine reviews of scientific publications Ebsco, PubMed, and supplemented with Google Scholar, according to recognized thesauri, in English and Spanish. RESULTS: There are also psychosocial risks in teleworking; work-related stress can be linked to fatigue, which should also be addressed as a psychosocial risk. Fatigue, although multi-causal, can be occupational in origin and may be conditioned by various aspects of labour, such as the mental workload, which is pernicious at its extremes. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that both fatigue and mental workload must be watched, their extremes threaten the quality of work life.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Fadiga/etiologia , Estresse Ocupacional/etiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Quarentena/psicologia , Distância Social , Isolamento Social/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Fadiga/psicologia , Saúde Global , Humanos , Saúde do Trabalhador , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Qualidade de Vida , Fatores de Risco , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia
5.
Inquiry ; 57: 46958020963711, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33034257

RESUMO

Brazil is in a critical situation due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Healthcare workers that are in the front line face challenges with a shortage of personal protective equipment, high risk of contamination, low adherence to the social distancing measures by the population, low coronavirus testing with underestimation of cases, and also financial concerns due to the economic crisis in a developing country. This study compared the impact of COVID-19 pandemic among three categories of healthcare workers in Brazil: physicians, nurses, and dentists, about workload, income, protection, training, feelings, behavior, and level of concern and anxiety. The sample was randomly selected and a Google Forms questionnaire was sent by WhatsApp messenger. The survey comprised questions about jobs, income, workload, PPE, training for COVID-19 patient care, behavior and feelings during the pandemic. The number of jobs reduced for all healthcare workers in Brazil during the pandemic, but significantly more for dentists. The workload and income reduced to all healthcare workers. Most healthcare workers did not receive proper training for treating COVID-19 infected patients. Physicians and nurses were feeling more tired than usual. Most of the healthcare workers in all groups reported difficulties in sleeping during the pandemic. The healthcare workers reported a significant impact of COVID-19 pandemic in their income, workload and anxiety, with differences among physicians, nurses and dentists.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , Brasil , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Carga de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Local de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33050004

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic potentially increases doctors' work demands and limits their recovery opportunity; this consequently puts them at a high risk of adverse mental health impacts. This study aims to estimate the level of doctors' fatigue, recovery, depression, anxiety, and stress, and exploring their association with work demands and recovery experiences. This was a cross-sectional study among all medical doctors working at all government health facilities in Selangor, Malaysia. Data were collected in May 2020 immediately following the COVID-19 contagion peak in Malaysia by using self-reported questionnaires through an online medium. The total participants were 1050 doctors. The majority of participants were non-resident non-specialist medical officers (55.7%) and work in the hospital setting (76.3%). The highest magnitude of work demands was mental demand (M = 7.54, SD = 1.998) while the lowest magnitude of recovery experiences was detachment (M = 9.22, SD = 5.043). Participants reported a higher acute fatigue level (M = 63.33, SD = 19.025) than chronic fatigue (M = 49.37, SD = 24.473) and intershift recovery (M = 49.97, SD = 19.480). The majority of them had no depression (69.0%), no anxiety (70.3%), and no stress (76.5%). Higher work demands and lower recovery experiences were generally associated with adverse mental health. For instance, emotional demands were positively associated with acute fatigue (adj. b = 2.73), chronic fatigue (adj. b = 3.64), depression (adj. b = 0.57), anxiety (adj. b = 0.47), and stress (adj. b = 0.64), while relaxation experiences were negatively associated with acute fatigue (adj. b = -0.53), chronic fatigue (adj. b = -0.53), depression (adj. b = -0.14), anxiety (adj. b = -0.11), and stress (adj. b = -0.15). However, higher detachment experience was associated with multiple mental health parameters in the opposite of the expected direction such as higher level of chronic fatigue (adj. b = 0.74), depression (adj. b = 0.15), anxiety (adj. b = 0.11), and stress (adj. b = 0.11), and lower level of intershift recovery (adj. b = -0.21). In conclusion, work demands generally worsen, while recovery experiences protect mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic with the caveat of the role of detachment experiences.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Médicos/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Adaptação Psicológica , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Malásia/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia
8.
Cancer Cytopathol ; 128(9): 597-598, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32885911
9.
J UOEH ; 42(3): 281-290, 2020.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879193

RESUMO

The purpose of this study is to investigate and clarify the relationships between occupational stress, personal factors, buffer factors and stress responses of newly graduated nurses, based on the NIOSH model. A questionnaire survey was conducted on 320 newly graduated nurses working at university hospitals where research cooperation was obtained. Data from 107 people was collected by mail (the response rate of 33.4%). In the results of the analysis, the GHQ-12 scores of the nurses on the three-shift system (23.5 ± 7.04) were found to be higher than those on the two-shift system (18.88 ± 6.03) (P = 0.007). The GHQ-12 score was significantly higher in the high stressor group (24.1 ± 6.20), who had higher job demand and lower work ratings than the low stressor group (18.93 ± 6.14) (P = 0.001, t = -3.44). The results of a multiple logistic regression analysis using high/low GHQ groups defined by a cut-off point of 4 in the GHQ-12 (GHQ method) as the dependent variables and the associated variables as the independent variables showed that the basic role identity and colleague support were found to have a significant relationship. The results of a Hosmer-Lemeshow test were P = 0.643, and the coefficient of determination was as high as 81.0%. This study was conducted approximately 6 months after the nurses entered employment, which is in the middle of the critical transition period from a student to a working member of society and can be assumed to be the most exhausting state of the year both physically and mentally. The results of this study suggest that various stressors might cause serious stress reactions. Also, as shown in previous literature, newly graduated nurses tend not to seek support from their bosses or preceptors throughout the year. Their main sources of support are family members, friends, and colleagues. Taken together, it became clear from our study that support from colleagues in the workplace is the most powerful buffer against stress and an indispensable resource to overcome the "reality shock" of working life.


Assuntos
Saúde Mental , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Saúde do Trabalhador , Estresse Ocupacional , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Admissão e Escalonamento de Pessoal , Apoio Social , Inquéritos e Questionários , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32796750

RESUMO

An extremely useful theoretical approach to understanding the nature of work, health, and wellbeing is the job demand-control (JDC) model and the job demand-control-support (JDCS) model. In order for professional workers in the nongovernmental organization (NGO) sector to do their job, it is necessary for them to have a feeling of wellbeing. Despite this, in Europe, studies regarding the effects of the JDCS model in relation to workers' wellbeing have not been carried out. This study is expected to fill this important gap in research by analyzing the relationship of wellbeing with work demands, work control, and social support. In order to corroborate the proposed hypotheses, an analysis of these constructs in employees in European nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) was developed and, using structural equation models, these relationships were tested. The results confirm the main hypothesis of the job demand-control-support (JDCS) model and the causal relationship among physical and psychological demands, work control, and support from supervisors and colleagues with the level of employee wellbeing.


Assuntos
Satisfação no Emprego , Saúde do Trabalhador , Organizações sem Fins Lucrativos/organização & administração , Apoio Social , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Local de Trabalho/organização & administração , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Modelos Psicológicos , Cultura Organizacional , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Local de Trabalho/psicologia
12.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 9(1): 113, 2020 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32787929

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Medical care workers experienced unprecedented levels of workload and pressure since the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Little is known about its exact impact on medical care workers and related factors in China. This study aims to identify the psychological impact of COVID-19 on medical care workers in China. METHODS: From February 23 to March 5, 2020, a cross-sectional survey was conducted among 863 medical care workers from seven provinces in China using standard questionnaires measuring adverse psychological outcomes including Impact of Event Scale-6 (IES-6), Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale(DASS)and related psychosocial factors like perceived threat, social support and coping strategies. Exploratory Factor analysis was performed to identify the dimensions of perceived threat by study participants. Multivariate regression was used to examine the determinants of adverse psychological outcomes. RESULTS: Posttraumatic stress (PTS) were prevalent in this sample of health care professionals, and 40.2% indicated positive screens for significant posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms. The proportion of having mild to extremely severe symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress were 13.6, 13.9 and 8.6%, respectively. Perceived threat and passive coping strategies were positively correlated to PTS and DASS scores, while perceived social support and active coping strategies were negatively correlated to DASS scores. Nurses were more likely to be anxious than others among medical care workers during the COVID-19 epidemic. CONCLUSIONS: Adverse psychological symptoms were prevalent among medical care workers in China during the COVID-19 epidemic. Screening for adverse psychological outcomes and developing corresponding preventive measures would be beneficial in decreasing negative psychological outcomes.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/etiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Depressão/etiologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/etiologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , China , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Pandemias , Testes Psicológicos , Psicometria , Apoio Social , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/prevenção & controle , Inquéritos e Questionários , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia
13.
Crit Care Nurs Q ; 43(4): 400-406, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32833776

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has introduced us to new challenges with personal protective equipment, long shifts, and changes in regular routines. This has placed a tremendous stress on health care workers. This article defines the various health care worker challenges, both at the bedside and on a personal front. Therapeutic strategies are discussed.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Humanos , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem/provisão & distribução , Equipamento de Proteção Individual/provisão & distribução , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Equilíbrio Trabalho-Vida , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Carga de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos
15.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237338, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32797093

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The study was aimed to explore patient safety culture of community pharmacists working in Dessie and Gondar towns, Northern Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from 1st to 31st March 2018. In this cross-sectional survey, the Pharmacy Survey on Patient Safety Culture (PSOPSC), developed by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), was used to collect data. PSOPSC is a self-administered questionnaire. The questionnaire was distributed among staffs who work in community pharmacies of Dessie and Gondar towns. All staffs available on data collection period in the pharmacy were included. The Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) software version 25 was used to enter and analyze the data. RESULTS: A total of 120 participants were approached and completed the questionnaire. Results from the study showed that high positive response rate was demonstrated in the domains of "Teamwork" (90.2%) followed by physical space and environment (83.1%). On the other hand, the result also identified that there is an enormous problem related to mistake communication (44.8%) and work pressure (45%). In addition, significant difference of percent positive responses were obtained across towns and staff working hours. CONCLUSIONS: The patient safety culture of community pharmacists is appreciable especially with respect to their teamwork. Besides, urgent attention should be given to areas of weakness, mainly in the domain of "mistake communication" and "staffing and work pressure".


Assuntos
Serviços Comunitários de Farmácia/organização & administração , Segurança do Paciente , Farmacêuticos/organização & administração , Gestão da Segurança/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Serviços Comunitários de Farmácia/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Etiópia , Feminino , Humanos , Relações Interprofissionais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Admissão e Escalonamento de Pessoal/organização & administração , Admissão e Escalonamento de Pessoal/estatística & dados numéricos , Farmacêuticos/psicologia , Farmacêuticos/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários/estatística & dados numéricos , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Carga de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
16.
Curr Med Sci ; 40(4): 625-635, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32767264

RESUMO

Nurses' work-related fatigue has been recognized as a threat to nurse health and patient safety. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of fatigue among first-line nurses combating with COVID-19 in Wuhan, China, and to analyze its influencing factors on fatigue. A multi-center, descriptive, cross-sectional design with a convenience sample was used. The statistical population consisted of the first-line nurses in 7 tertiary general hospitals from March 3, 2020 to March 10, 2020 in Wuhan of China. A total of 2667 samples from 2768 contacted participants completed the investgation, with a response rate of 96.35%. Social-demographic questionnaire, work-related questionnaire, Fatigue Scale-14, Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7, Patient Health Questionnaire-9, and Chinese Perceived Stress Scale were used to conduct online survey. The descriptive statistic of nurses' social-demographic characteristics was conducted, and the related variables of work, anxiety, depression, perceived stress and fatigue were analyzed by t-tests, nonparametric test and Pearson's correlation analysis. The significant factors which resulted in nurses' fatigue were further analyzed by multiple linear regression analysis. The median score for the first-line nurses' fatigue in Wuhan was 4 (2, 8). The median score of physical and mental fatigue of them was 3 (1, 6) and 1 (0, 3) respectively. According to the scoring criteria, 35.06% nurses (n=935) of all participants were in the fatigue status, their median score of fatigue was 10 (8, 11), and the median score of physical and mental fatigue of them was 7 (5, 8) and 3 (2, 4) respectively. Multiple linear regression analysis revealed the participants in the risk groups of anxiety, depression and perceived stress had higher scores on physical and mental fatigue and the statistically significant positive correlation was observed between the variables and nurses' fatigue, the frequency of exercise and nurses' fatigue had a statistically significant negative correlation, and average daily working hours had a significantly positive correlation with nurses' fatigue, and the frequency of weekly night shift had a low positive correlation with nurses' fatigue (P<0.01). There was a moderate level of fatigue among the first-line nurses fighting against COVID-19 pandemic in Wuhan, China. Government and health authorities need to formulate and take effective intervention strategies according to the relevant risk factors, and undertake preventive measures aimed at reducing health hazards due to increased work-related fatigue among first-line nurses, and to enhance their health status and provide a safe occupational environment worldwide. Promoting both medical and nursing safety while combating with the pandemic currently is warranted.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/enfermagem , Fadiga/etiologia , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Doenças Profissionais/etiologia , Estresse Ocupacional/etiologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/enfermagem , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Fadiga/epidemiologia , Fadiga/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Fadiga Mental/epidemiologia , Fadiga Mental/etiologia , Fadiga Mental/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
17.
Curationis ; 43(1): e1-e8, 2020 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32787431

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Professional nurses are responsible for the provision of care, treatment and rehabilitation of all mental healthcare users (MHCUs) in the institutions for mental healthcare. However, professional nurses find themselves in difficult circumstances under which they must provide quality healthcare services to MHCUs. OBJECTIVES: The study explored and described the challenges experienced by the professional nurses working in a mental healthcare institution in Limpopo province of South Africa. METHOD: A qualitative approach was used to explore and describe the challenges faced by professional nurses working in a mental healthcare institution. The study was conducted from July 2016 to December 2016. Purposive sampling was used to select participants. Data were obtained through individual in-depth interviews with professional nurses between the ages of 26 and 50 years. Data collection continued until data saturation, which occurred after interviewing 18 participants. Tech's open coding method was used to analyse data in this study. RESULTS: Four themes emerged from data analysis, namely: inadequate safety measures, inadequate resources, impact of high workload and shortage of staff. The themes were further sub-divided into sub-themes. CONCLUSION: The study revealed several challenges that professional nurses face in mental healthcare institutions which might be a barrier to the provision of quality healthcare. Conducive working environments should be established to enable professional health nurses to provide quality nursing care, thereby promoting the health of MHCUs.


Assuntos
Hospitais Psiquiátricos/normas , Satisfação no Emprego , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Local de Trabalho/normas , Adulto , Feminino , Recursos em Saúde/normas , Recursos em Saúde/provisão & distribução , Hospitais Psiquiátricos/organização & administração , Hospitais Psiquiátricos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , África do Sul , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Carga de Trabalho/normas , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Local de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos
18.
J Psychol ; 154(6): 446-465, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32605510

RESUMO

Given the apparent magnitude of the problems related to workaholism, the current research was designed to provide evidence about the impact of both personal and organizational variables on determining health-damaging work habits of the employees. This paper presents a study aimed at clarifying the mediating role that work motivation plays in the relationship between the perceived transformational leadership style and workaholism. Based on the Self-Determination Theory and the Job Demands-Resources model, we hypothesized that transformational leadership should be directly related to the lower levels of workaholism, whereas the indirect effect of transformational leadership was expected to increase the levels of workaholism through work motivation of the employees. Two hundred and fifty Lithuanian employees participated in the empirical study. The results confirmed the expected relationship between transformational leadership and workaholism via work motivation showing that the negative role of transformational leadership in workaholism is explained by its positive influence on intrinsic motivation, as well as introjected, integrated, identified regulations, which, in turn, enhance the employees' workaholism.


Assuntos
Satisfação no Emprego , Liderança , Motivação , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Autonomia Pessoal , Adulto Jovem
19.
Psychiatr Hung ; 35(3): 289-306, 2020.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32643619

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Although work addiction has been first described in the 1970s, research on the field has only become intensified during the last decades. Symptoms of work addiction are similar to the characteristics of other behavioral addictions (e.g., tolerance, intrapersonal and interpersonal conflicts, and withdrawal symptoms). Until today, only one nationally representative survey was conducted (in Norway) to estimate the prevalence of work addic - tion. Our aim was to explore the prevalence of work addiction in the Hungarian population and define the possible risk and protective factors of the problem. METHODS: The study was carried out on a nationally representative sample of the Hungarian adult population aged 16-64 years (N=2274) with the age group of 18-34 being over-representing. The weighted sample of the 18-64-yearold population covered 1490 individuals. Several sociodemographic variables were collected and the following measurements were applied: Bergen Work Addiction Scale; Brief Symptom Inventory; Barratt Impulsiveness Scale; and Well-Being Inventory. RESULTS: 8% (95% CI ± 1.38%) of the Hungarian adult population currently having a job has been classified to be atrisk for work addiction, which means 4.7% (95% CI ± 1.07%) for the whole adult population. Binary logistic regression analyses identified the following risk factors: being female, higher satisfaction with the current job, dissatisfaction with the current health status, more frequent psychiatric symptoms, and a higher level of (motor) impulsiveness. CONCLUSION: We could identify several risk factors of work addiction and our results can be applied both in future research and in the practice of clinical psychology and work psychology. Our results have also highlighted that work addiction can be categorized closer to the impulsive end of the obsessive-compulsive spectrum.


Assuntos
Comportamento Aditivo/epidemiologia , Comportamento Aditivo/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Carga de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Demografia , Feminino , Humanos , Hungria , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
20.
Ger Med Sci ; 18: Doc05, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32595421

RESUMO

Objective: The outbreak of COVID-19 was declared a pandemic by the WHO in March 2020. Studies from China, where the virus first spread, have reported increased psychological strain in healthcare professionals. The aim of this study was to investigate the psychosocial burden of physicians and nurses depending on their degree of contact with COVID-19 patients. In addition, we explored which supportive resources they used and which supportive needs they experienced during the crisis. Methods: Data were collected between March and April 2020 at the University Hospital Augsburg. A total of 75 nurses and 35 physicians, working either in a special COVID-19 ward or in a regular ward, took part in the survey. The participants filled in two standardized questionnaires (the Patient Health Questionnaire, PHQ; and the Maslach Burnout Inventory, MBI), and reported their fear of a COVID-19 infection and stress at work on a 10-point Likert scale. Finally, they answered three open-ended questions about causes of burden, supportive resources and needs during the crisis. Results: Nurses working in the COVID-19 wards reported higher levels of stress, exhaustion, and depressive mood, as well as lower levels of work-related fulfilment compared to their colleagues in the regular wards. Physicians reported similar scores independent of their contact with COVID-19 patients. The most common causes for burden were job strain and uncertainty about the future. Psychosocial support as well as leisure time were listed as important resources, and a better infrastructure adjustment to COVID-19 at the hospital (e.g. sufficient staff, keeping teams and working schedules stable) as suggestion for improvement. Conclusions: Our findings indicate that especially nurses working in COVID-19 wards are affected psychologically by the consequences of the pandemic. This might be due to a higher workload and longer time in direct contact with COVID-19 patients, compared to physicians.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Feminino , Alemanha , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Saúde do Trabalhador , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Médicos/psicologia , Psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Organização Mundial da Saúde
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