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1.
Health Care Manage Rev ; 48(1): 61-69, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36066549

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Existing studies that seek to understand nurses' experiences of burnout are dominated by cross-sectional, quantitative survey designs employing predetermined measures, often overlooking important job-related stressors that can be highly dependent on industry and professional contexts. Cancer nurses are a group of professionals who warrant special attention, as burnout in this profession is often attributed to high job demands and the challenge of caring for a vulnerable cohort of patients. A deeper understanding of the job demands associated with cancer nursing is required to provide insights about the work experiences of cancer nurses and identify aspects that mitigate burnout and stress. PURPOSE: This study describes the antecedents of burnout among Australian cancer nurses by focusing on the demands and resources inherent in their work. We aim to build on the existing literature by identifying job resources that may serve to mitigate the antecedents of burnout. METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: An in-depth interview study of cancer nurses across a spectrum of age and experience in Australian metropolitan public health care services was conducted over a 2-year period that coincided with the COVID-19 pandemic. The job demands and resources model framed this study of job-related factors associated with burnout and conversely job resources that may foster work engagement. RESULTS: Patient aggression, workload, emotional demands, and abusive peers and managers were reported as distinct job demands, whereas job significance and supportive peers who demonstrated leadership, along with task variety, were identified as job resources. CONCLUSION: Australian cancer nurses work in an environment where job demands are increasingly disproportionate to job resources, leading to significant risk of burnout. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Our study identifies modifiable strategies for improving work conditions for this group who play a critical role in the health care system.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , COVID-19 , Neoplasias , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Estudos Transversais , Pandemias , Austrália , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
Int Arch Occup Environ Health ; 95(3): 559-571, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35220487

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Estimate the effort-reward imbalance prevalence (ERI) among physicians. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted from 2005 to 2019 using PRISMA guidelines on the PubMed and EBSCOhost search engines. Data were classified according to the ERI definition used by the authors. A meta-analysis was performed on effort and reward scores and on ERI prevalence rates. RESULTS: Out of 3787 results, we selected 41 studies. The physicians' ERI prevalence rate ranged from 3.50 to 96.9%. The standardized pooled effort mean score was 58.5 for effort and 48.9 for a reward out of 100, respectively. The overall combined ERI rate (when the ratio between effort and reward scores was above 1) was 40.2% among 21,939 practitioners (31.7% in the working European population). ERI rate was 70.2% using a four-point Likert scale and 21.1% using a five-point Likert scale. The highest rate (96.9%) was observed among German rural general practitioners and the lowest rate (3.50%) among Swiss hospital practitioners. The low percentage of variability (I2 = 27%) attributed to effort scores heterogeneity between studies suggested that this dimension is not discriminant in the physician ERI assessment. The high heterogeneity in reward scores (I2 = 83%) indicated that this dimension is sensible in ERI assessment among physicians. The number of items used did not appear as a significant source of heterogeneity. CONCLUSION: Physician job ERI appeared to be higher than in the working population. Studying each dimension and item indicators could help improve psychosocial risk prevention.


Assuntos
Satisfação no Emprego , Médicos , Humanos , Médicos/psicologia , Prevalência , Recompensa , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36360868

RESUMO

Psychosocial job stressors increase the risk of mental health problems for the workers in health and social services (HSS). Although previous studies suggest that the accumulation of two or more stressors is detrimental to mental health, few studies have examined the synergistic interaction of accumulating job stressors. We examined survey responses from 9855 Finnish HSS workers in a cross-sectional study design from 2021. We conducted an interaction analysis of high job demands, low rewards and low workplace social capital on psychological distress, focusing on the relative excess risk due to interaction (RERI). Additionally, we analysed the interaction of job demands, low rewards and COVID-19 burden (extra workload and emotional load). Our analysis showed that the total RERI for the job stressors on psychological distress was considerable (6.27, 95% CI 3.14, 9.39). The total excess risk was caused by two-way interactions, especially between high demands and low rewards and by the three-way interaction of all stressors. The total RERI for job demands, low reward and COVID-19 burden (3.93, 95% CI 1.15, 6.72), however, was caused entirely by two-way interaction between high demands and low rewards. Mental health interventions tackling high demands, low rewards and low social capital are jointly needed.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Angústia Psicológica , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Pandemias , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Satisfação no Emprego
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36231988

RESUMO

COVID-19 pandemic brings many challenges to the daily work of nurses. While carrying out professional tasks for patients infected with the SARS-CoV-2 virus, nurses experience tremendous psychological pressure due to their workload in a high-risk environment. This causes severe stress and leads to occupational burnout. The purpose of this study was to assess the level of stress and occupational burnout among surveyed nurses working with patients with COVID-19. A total of 118 nurses working with patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 virus participated in the study. Among the respondents, there were 94.9% women and 5.1% men. The average age of the respondents was 38.1 +/- 2.1. The survey was conducted between April and May 2022. The research tool was a survey questionnaire, consisting of three parts: sociodemographic data and self-administered survey questionnaire containing questions about the specifics of working with COVID-19 patients. The third part was a standardized tool: the MBI Burnout Questionnaire by Christina Maslach. Participation in the study was anonymous and voluntary. Statistical analysis for independence of variables used the Chi-square test. On the other hand, coefficients based on the Phi test and Kramer's V test, as well as non-parametric Mann-Whitney U-test (for 2 samples) and Kruskal-Wallis test (for more than 2 samples) were used to determine the strength of the relationship. During these analyses, in addition to standard statistical significance, the corresponding "p" values were calculated using the Monte Carlo method. The results obtained allow us to conclude that surveyed nurses working with COVID-19 patients are exposed to various stressors leading to occupational burnout. The vast majority of respondents, i.e., 90.7%, believe that stress is an integral part of the nursing profession and the average of MBI burnout among respondents was 55.67 +/- 9.77 pts., emotional exhaustion 24.74 +/- 6.11, depersonalization 12.42 +/- 2.99 and a sense of personal achievement 18.52 +/- 4.50 which means that only slightly more than half of the nurses surveyed noticed symptoms of occupational burnout themselves. The research has revealed that working with a patient who is positive for COVID-19 is a cause of stress and is related to experiencing symptoms of burnout in the group of surveyed nurses.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , COVID-19 , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Inquéritos e Questionários , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia
6.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 23(10): 3265-3271, 2022 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36308348

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aims to measure the occupational fatigue level and describe the sources and consequences of occupational fatigue among middle and higher management at an international specialized cancer center during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: A mixed-method design was used in this study. A convenience sampling technique was utilized to select the participants from King Hussein Cancer Center, Amman, Jordan. The data was collected through a self-administered questionnaire. This questionnaire included both quantitative and qualitative sections. We utilized Fatigue Risk Assessment and Management in High-Risk Environments (FRAME)-26 items scale for the quantitative section. Two main questions were included in the survey to identify the sources and consequences of occupational fatigue. RESULTS: The results show that the average mean of occupational fatigue was 2.95/5 (SD=0.70). The level of changes in fatigue levels after the COVID-19 pandemic increased by 0.87/3 (SD=1.45). The sources of occupational fatigue could be categorized into five themes: workload, work environment, staffing, psychological, and physical sources. There are four themes categorizing occupational fatigue: social, economic, health, and daily activity and lifestyle. CONCLUSION: This study affords valuable insight into the level, source, and consequences of occupational fatigue among middle and higher management at an international specialized cancer hospital in developing countries. The results indicate that the occupational fatigue level was moderate, and the fatigue level was negatively impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Neoplasias , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Fadiga/epidemiologia , Fadiga/etiologia , Local de Trabalho , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Neoplasias/epidemiologia
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36294034

RESUMO

The quality of work organization may be responsible not only for reduced productivity but also for an increased risk of mental and physical disorders. This study was aimed at testing this hypothesis. Workers of a local health unit in Italy were asked to fill out the Work Organization Assessment Questionnaire (WOAQ) during their periodic medical examinations in the second half of 2018. On the same occasion, they also completed the Demand/Control/Support (DCS) measure of job strain, the Effort/Reward Imbalance (ERI) questionnaire, and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ12) to assess psychological health. A total of 345 workers (85.8%) completed the survey. Linear regression analysis showed that the quality of work organization was inversely proportional to psychological health problems (p < 0.001). Occupational stress, measured both by job strain and ERI, was a moderating factor in this relationship. The relationship between the WOAQ and psychological health, moderated by job strain or ERI, remained highly significant even after adjustment for sex, age, social support, and overcommitment. Regression models explained over 40% of the shared variance of the association between quality of work organization and psychological health. The quality of work organization significantly predicted the risk of sickness absence for musculoskeletal disorders (OR = 0.984, CI95% 0.972-0.996) and for other health problems (OR = 0.977, CI95% 0.967-0.988). A continuous improvement of work organization must consider not only the clients' or production needs but also the well-being of workers.


Assuntos
Absenteísmo , Estresse Psicológico , Humanos , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Recompensa , Pessoal de Saúde , Satisfação no Emprego , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia
8.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(18)2022 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36146189

RESUMO

Robots interacting with humans in assistive contexts have to be sensitive to human cognitive states to be able to provide help when it is needed and not overburden the human when the human is busy. Yet, it is currently still unclear which sensing modality might allow robots to derive the best evidence of human workload. In this work, we analyzed and modeled data from a multi-modal simulated driving study specifically designed to evaluate different levels of cognitive workload induced by various secondary tasks such as dialogue interactions and braking events in addition to the primary driving task. Specifically, we performed statistical analyses of various physiological signals including eye gaze, electroencephalography, and arterial blood pressure from the healthy volunteers and utilized several machine learning methodologies including k-nearest neighbor, naive Bayes, random forest, support-vector machines, and neural network-based models to infer human cognitive workload levels. Our analyses provide evidence for eye gaze being the best physiological indicator of human cognitive workload, even when multiple signals are combined. Specifically, the highest accuracy (in %) of binary workload classification based on eye gaze signals is 80.45 ∓ 3.15 achieved by using support-vector machines, while the highest accuracy combining eye gaze and electroencephalography is only 77.08 ∓ 3.22 achieved by a neural network-based model. Our findings are important for future efforts of real-time workload estimation in the multimodal human-robot interactive systems given that eye gaze is easy to collect and process and less susceptible to noise artifacts compared to other physiological signal modalities.


Assuntos
Robótica , Teorema de Bayes , Cognição , Eletroencefalografia/métodos , Humanos , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia
9.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(18)2022 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36146251

RESUMO

Monitoring cognitive workload has the potential to improve both the performance and fidelity of human decision making. However, previous efforts towards discriminating further than binary levels (e.g., low/high or neutral/high) in cognitive workload classification have not been successful. This lack of sensitivity in cognitive workload measurements might be due to individual differences as well as inadequate methodology used to analyse the measured signal. In this paper, a method that combines the speech signal with cardiovascular measurements for screen and heartbeat classification is introduced. For validation, speech and cardiovascular signals from 97 university participants and 20 airline pilot participants were collected while cognitive stimuli of varying difficulty level were induced with the Stroop colour/word test. For the trinary classification scheme (low, medium, high cognitive workload) the prominent result using classifiers trained on each participant achieved 15.17 ± 0.79% and 17.38 ± 1.85% average misclassification rates indicating good discrimination at three levels of cognitive workload. Combining cardiovascular and speech measures synchronized to each heartbeat and consolidated with short-term dynamic measures might therefore provide enhanced sensitivity in cognitive workload monitoring. The results show that the influence of individual differences is a limiting factor for a generic classification and highlights the need for research to focus on methods that incorporate individual differences to achieve even better results. This method can potentially be used to measure and monitor workload in real time in operational environments.


Assuntos
Voz , Carga de Trabalho , Cognição , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Fala , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36141717

RESUMO

Although previous studies have focused on the adverse effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on various professional groups (particularly in the health and nursing care sector), this study aims to close a research gap by assessing perspectives of students and young professionals in epidemiology and public health in Germany in terms of shifts in workload, work content, and related challenges caused by the pandemic. We conducted a cross-sectional survey between mid-February and mid-March 2022. Quantitative data were analyzed via standardized mean differences. Qualitative data based on answers to open-ended questions were analyzed via a qualitative content analysis. Overall, 172 individuals participated in this survey. Results indicate that students felt burdened the most by lack of exchange with other students and lecturers. Study participants employed in public health experienced changes in their employment because they had changes in their work content- and administration, which was accompanied by a high burden due to the workload. Multiple demands that can have an impact on both acquired skills and mental health during the professional qualification phase were mentioned by the participants. Therefore, more in-depth analyses are needed to investigate the impact the pandemic will have on the (future) public health workforce in the long run.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Mão de Obra em Saúde , Humanos , Saúde Pública , Estudantes , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia
12.
J Surg Res ; 280: 258-272, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36030601

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Increased cognitive workload (CWL) is a well-established entity that can impair surgical performance and increase the likelihood of surgical error. The use of pupil and gaze tracking data is increasingly being used to measure CWL objectively in surgery. The aim of this review is to summarize and synthesize the existing evidence that surrounds this. METHODS: A systematic review was undertaken in accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. A search of OVID MEDLINE, IEEE Xplore, Web of Science, Google Scholar, APA PsychINFO, and EMBASE was conducted for articles published in English between 1990 and January 2021. In total, 6791 articles were screened and 32 full-text articles were selected based on the inclusion criteria. A narrative analysis was undertaken in view of the heterogeneity of studies. RESULTS: Seventy-eight percent of selected studies were deemed high quality. The most frequent surgical environment and task studied was surgical simulation (75%) and performance of laparoscopic skills (56%) respectively. The results demonstrated that the current literature can be broadly categorized into pupil, blink, and gaze metrics used in the assessment of CWL. These can be further categorized according to their use in the context of CWL: (1) direct measurement of CWL (n = 16), (2) determination of expertise level (n = 14), and (3) predictors of performance (n = 2). CONCLUSIONS: Eye-tracking data provide a wealth of information; however, there is marked study heterogeneity. Pupil diameter and gaze entropy demonstrate promise in CWL assessment. Future work will entail the use of artificial intelligence in the form of deep learning and the use of a multisensor platform to accurately measure CWL.


Assuntos
Benchmarking , Pupila , Inteligência Artificial , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Cognição
13.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1): 1082, 2022 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36002851

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Changes in everyday work with regard to working time models have reached the medical profession. The number of physicians working part-time is steadily increasing. At the same time, however, the population's need for care is also rising. This can reinforce the impending shortage of doctors in the future. The aim was to investigate differences in work-privacy conflict and burnout among physicians working full-time or part-time. METHOD: The present study includes data from a baseline survey of the long-term study of physicians with different medical backgrounds. The analysis focused on a sub-sample of 598 physicians (not self-employed). The two main outcomes under investigation-burnout and work-privacy conflict-were measured using the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory adapted for health care professionals, as well as the associated subscale of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ). Data analyses included descriptive statistics followed by regression models. RESULTS: Descriptive analyses show, that 31.8% of physicians are working part-time, whereas 68.2% are working full-time. The part-time subsample is significantly older, and female physicians are more likely to work part-time. With regard to workload and work-privacy conflict, significant differences between part-time and full-time physicians were only observed in terms of work-privacy-conflict. However, regression analysis underline the importance of possible confounding variables (such as medical setting) within the relationship between job size and job-related well-being. DISCUSSION: Differences in working hour arrangements (full-time or part-time work) are only accompanied by less work-privacy conflict. No differences with regard to burnout (patient-related, work-related or personal) could be obtained. Rather, the data suggests that other job-related variables may play a role and should be further investigated.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Médicos , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Médicos/psicologia , Privacidade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia
14.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1): 949, 2022 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35883124

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Covid-19 pandemic led to increased work-related strain and psychosocial burden in nurses worldwide, resulting in high prevalences of mental health problems. Nurses in long-term care facilities seem to be especially affected by the pandemic. Nevertheless, there are few findings indicating possible positive changes for health care workers. Therefore, we investigated which psychosocial burdens and potential positive aspects nurses working in long-term care facilities experience during the Covid-19 pandemic. METHODS: We conducted a mixed-methods study among nurses and nursing assistants working in nursing homes in Germany. The survey contained the third German version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ III). Using Welch's t-tests, we compared the COPSOQ results of our sample against a pre-pandemic reference group of geriatric nurses from Germany. Additionally, we conducted semi-structured interviews with geriatric nurses with a special focus on psychosocial stress, to reach a deeper understanding of their experiences on work-related changes and burdens during the pandemic. Data were analysed using thematic coding (Braun and Clarke). RESULTS: Our survey sample (n = 177) differed significantly from the pre-pandemic reference group in 14 out of 31 COPSOQ scales. Almost all of these differences indicated negative changes. Our sample scored significantly worse regarding the scales 'quantitative demands', 'hiding emotions', 'work-privacy conflicts', 'role conflicts', 'quality of leadership', 'support at work', 'recognition', 'physical demands', 'intention to leave profession', 'burnout', 'presenteeism' and 'inability to relax'. The interviews (n = 15) revealed six main themes related to nurses' psychosocial stress: 'overall working conditions', 'concern for residents', 'management of relatives', 'inability to provide terminal care', 'tensions between being infected and infecting others' and 'technicisation of care'. 'Enhanced community cohesion' (interviews), 'meaning of work' and 'quantity of social relations' (COPSOQ III) were identified as positive effects of the pandemic. CONCLUSIONS: Results clearly illustrate an aggravation of geriatric nurses' situation and psychosocial burden and only few positive changes due to the Covid-19 pandemic. Pre-existing hardships seem to have further deteriorated and new stressors added to nurses' strain. The perceived erosion of care, due to an overemphasis of the technical in relation to the social and emotional dimensions of care, seems to be especially burdensome to geriatric nurses.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Idoso , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Casas de Saúde , Pandemias , Inquéritos e Questionários , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia
15.
Gerokomos (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 33(2): 2-9, jun. 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-210344

RESUMO

Objetivo: Evaluar el efecto de las variables consideradas influyentes sobre el nivel de sobrecarga del cuidador. Metodología: El estudio respondió a una modalidad de investigación empírico-analítica, y la metodología que se aplicó en este trabajo utilizó el análisis multivariante y los modelos de regresión logit multinominal. Se realizó en L'Hospitalet de Llobregat (Barcelona), con la participación de 14 profesionales sanitarios y 296 cuidadores informales durante los años 2016 y 2017. La técnica de muestreo seleccionada fue la de muestreo no probabilístico por conveniencia. El cuestionario utilizado para este estudio fue un instrumento diseñado ad hoc y con solidez psicométrica demostrada, conocido como CESC (Cuestionario de Evaluación de Sobrecarga del Cuidador). Resultados: El análisis factorial mediante componentes principales permitió agrupar las 16 variables estudiadas en 5 factores: “expresión emocional”, “calidad de vida”, “deterioro funcional y cognitivo”, “red de apoyo” y “desarrollo social”. El resultado explicó el 58,99% de la varianza. Posteriormente se construyó un modelo de regresión logística multinomial, se incorporó como variable dependiente el nivel de sobrecarga del cuidador, y como variables independientes los síntomas y predictores de sobrecarga que componen cada factor. Conclusiones: Destaca la importancia de las variables en el nivel de sobrecarga del cuidador, con la preeminencia del factor emocional. Se determinó que los sistemas de apoyo juegan un papel importante en el desempeño del rol del cuidador (AU)


Objective: To evaluate the effect of each of the considered influential variables on the level of caregiver overload. Methodology he study was based on empirical and analytical research. Multivariate analysis and multinominal logit regression models were used. It was made in L'Hospitalet de Llobregat (Barcelona), involving 14 health professionals and 296 informal carers during 2016 and 2017. A technique of “non-probabilistic sampling for convenience” was selected. The questionnaire used for this study was an ad hoc designed instrument and with proven psychometric strength, known as CESC (Caregiver Overload Assessment Questionnaire). Results: Factorial analysis through main components allowed grouping the 16 variables studied in 5 factors: “emotional expression”, “quality of life”, “functional and cognitive deterioration”, “support network” and “social development”. The result explained 58.99% of the variance. Subsequently, a multinomial logistic regression model was constructed, was incorporated as a dependent variable the overload caregiver level, and as independent variables the symptoms and predictors of overload that compose each factor. Conclusions: Highlights the importance of the variables in the level of caregiver overload, with the pre-eminence of the emotional factor. It was determined that the support systems are important in the role of the caregiver (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Cuidadores/psicologia , Esgotamento Psicológico/diagnóstico , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Análise Fatorial , Modelos Logísticos
16.
Gerokomos (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 33(2): 88-94, jun. 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-210347

RESUMO

Objetivos: Evaluar la adaptación de los cuidadores familiares de enfermos con demencias. Otros objetivos son establecer una relación entre sobrecarga y resiliencia, analizar las diferencias significativas de sexo entre cuidadores, detectar diferencias económicas y comparar las estrategias de afrontamiento utilizadas frente al estrés. Metodología: Se han utilizado cuatro cuestionarios distintos. El primero consta de una entrevista sociodemográfica de diseño propio; el cuestionario CD-RISC 10 (Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale), el cual mide el grado de resiliencia del paciente; el tercer formulario es la Escala de Carga del Cuidador, con el cual se consiguen evaluar los diferentes grados de sobrecarga, y el último instrumento es el cuestionario COPE-28, que evalúa las diferentes formas de respuesta ante el estrés. Resultados: El perfil más común del cuidador es una mujer de entre 50 y 60 años de edad, que lleva alrededor de 6 años cuidando a un enfermo de Alzheimer. Además, la mayoría de las personas encuestadas tienen resiliencia y sobrecarga medias, aunque los hombres obtuvieron mayor resiliencia (con significación estadística) y menor sobrecarga que las mujeres (sin ella). Respecto a la resiliencia, predominan las estrategias de aceptación, afrontamiento activo y planificación, de acuerdo con los resultados en CD-RISC-10, confirmados por los de COPE-28. Conclusiones: Se ha conseguido ofrecer datos dirigidos a mejorar los enfoques de intervención psicológica en familiares cuidadores de enfermos con demencia, específicamente en el ámbito de Navarra, ya que establecen estrategias que COPE-28 ha probado que tienen correlación con la resiliencia. En definitiva, obtener evidencia científica sobre la que modificar los programas terapéuticos (AU)


Objectives: To assess the adaptation of family caregivers of patients with dementias. Other objectives are to establish a relationship between burden and resilience, to analyze significant gender differences among caregivers, to detect economic differences and to compare strategies used in order to deal with stress. Methods: Four different tests have been used. The first one consists of a sociodemographic interview made by ourselves; the CD-RISC-10 (Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale) questionnaire, which measures the degree of patient resilience; the Caregiver Burden Interview, which measures the different degrees of burden; the last one is the COPE-28 questionnaire, which evaluates the different ways of stress response. Results: It has been obtained that the most common profile of the caregiver is a woman between 50 and 60 years of age who has been caring for an Alzheimer's patient for about 6 years. Furthermore, most of the people surveyed have medium resilience and overload, although men obtained greater resilience (with statistical significance) and less overload than women (without it). Regarding resilience, acceptance, active coping and planning strategies predominate, according to the results in CDRISC-10, confirmed by those of COPE-28. Conclusions: It has been possible to offer data aimed at improving psychological intervention approaches in family caregivers of patients with dementia, specifically in the area of Navarra, since they establish strategies that COPE-28 has proven to correlate with resilience. Definitely, obtaining scientific evidence on the basis of which to modify therapeutic programs (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Resiliência Psicológica , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Cuidadores/psicologia , Demência/enfermagem , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estudos Transversais , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Espanha
17.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 290: 809-813, 2022 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35673130

RESUMO

Cognitive Workload (CWL) is a fundamental concept in predicting healthcare professionals' (HCPs) objective performance. The study aims to compare the accuracy of the classical model (utilizes all six dimensions of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Task Load Index (NASA-TLX)) and novel models (utilize four or five dimensions of NASA-TLX) in predicting HCPs' objective performance. We use a dataset from our previous human factors research studies and apply a broad selection of supervised machine learning classification techniques to develop data-driven computational models and predict objective performance. The study findings confirm that classical models are better predictors of objective performance than novel models. This has practical implications for research in health informatics, human factors and ergonomics, and human-computer interaction in healthcare. Findings, although promising, cannot be generalized as they are based on a small dataset. Future studies may investigate additional subjective and physiological measures of CWL to predict HCPs' objective performance.


Assuntos
Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas , Carga de Trabalho , Cognição , Atenção à Saúde , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia
18.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35674817

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly changed the everyday professional life of teaching staff. The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects of the pandemic on teachers' emotional exhaustion and job satisfaction. METHODS: A sample of 2531 school administrators and teachers from North Rhine-Westphalia was recruited in October 2020. Changes in emotional exhaustion during the pandemic were directly measured with nine items of the Maslach Burnout Inventory and changes in job satisfaction with six items. Adjusted regression models were used to determine risk and protective factors associated with changes in emotional exhaustion and job satisfaction. RESULTS: Risk factors associated with both more frequently perceived symptoms of exhaustion and reduced job satisfaction were as follows: the additional workload during the pandemic, the stress of uncertainty, the perceived change in workload, concerns about the students, and being employed at an elementary school. A supportive school environment was associated with both fewer perceived symptoms of exhaustion and stable job satisfaction. DISCUSSION: From the perspective of the teaching staff, the COVID-19 pandemic was related to subjective changes in emotional exhaustion and job satisfaction. The COVID-19 pandemic was associated with higher emotional exhaustion for more than half of the teaching staff and with reduced job satisfaction for one in five teachers. Due to the study design, causal conclusions are not possible.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , COVID-19 , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Pandemias , Inquéritos e Questionários , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia
19.
Physiol Behav ; 252: 113842, 2022 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35561808

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of mental workload (MWL) and time of day on cognitive performance and electroencephalographic (EEG) parameters of air traffic controllers. EEG signals recorded while 20 professional air traffic controllers performed cognitive tasks [A-X Continuous Performance Test (AX-CPT) and 3-back working memory task] after they were exposed to two levels of task difficulty (high and low MWL) in the morning and afternoon. Significant decreases in cognitive performance were found when the levels of task difficulty increased in both tasks. The results confirmed the sensitivity of the theta and beta activities to levels of task difficulty in the 3-back task, while they were not affected in the AX-CPT. Theta and beta activities were influenced by time of day in the AX-CPT. The findings provide guidance for application of changes in EEG parameters when MWL level is manipulated during the day that could be implemented in future for the development of real-time monitoring systems to improve aviation safety.


Assuntos
Aviação , Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas , Cognição , Eletroencefalografia/métodos , Humanos , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia
20.
Chronobiol Int ; 39(8): 1156-1166, 2022 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35603492

RESUMO

Workaholism is a work-related addiction, and the study of its antecedents has a strong individual and social impact. Several studies reported high trait perfectionism in individuals exhibiting workaholism. Although the relationship between perfectionism and workaholism is quite consistent in the literature, it is not yet clear which biological underlying mechanisms might explain this relationship. From a chronopsychological perspective, it has been widely demonstrated that evening-type individuals are more prone to develop addictive behaviour. In the present study, we investigated, for the first time, the role of circadian typology in the relationship between perfectionistic concerns and workaholism. A group of Italian workers (N = 369; 60.70% females; mean age of 38.60 years) took part in a survey. Participants filled in the Bergen Work Addiction Scale (for workaholism), the Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire (for circadian typology), and the Short Almost-Perfect Scale (for perfectionism). In addition to age, we controlled for workload using the Job Content Questionnaire. Beyond the confirmation of the relationship between perfectionism and workaholism, we found that in high perfectionistic individuals, evening-types reported higher score in Bergen Work Addiction Scale. Based on these findings, limitations and suggestions for future research are discussed.


Assuntos
Comportamento Aditivo , Perfeccionismo , Adulto , Comportamento Aditivo/psicologia , Ritmo Circadiano , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia
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