Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 34.247
Filtrar
1.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 21(1): 5, 2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36597089

RESUMO

The aggressive proliferation of tumor cells often requires increased glucose uptake and excessive anaerobic glycolysis, leading to the massive production and secretion of lactate to form a unique tumor microenvironment (TME). Therefore, regulating appropriate lactate levels in the TME would be a promising approach to control tumor cell proliferation and immune suppression. To effectively consume lactate in the TME, lactate oxidase (LOX) and catalase (CAT) were displayed onto Aquifex aeolicus lumazine synthase protein nanoparticles (AaLS) to form either AaLS/LOX or AaLS/LOX/CAT. These complexes successfully consumed lactate produced by CT26 murine colon carcinoma cells under both normoxic and hypoxic conditions. Specifically, AaLS/LOX generated a large amount of H2O2 with complete lactate consumption to induce drastic necrotic cell death regardless of culture condition. However, AaLS/LOX/CAT generated residual H2O2, leading to necrotic cell death only under hypoxic condition similar to the TME. While the local administration of AaLS/LOX to the tumor site resulted in mice death, that of AaLS/LOX/CAT significantly suppressed tumor growth without any severe side effects. AaLS/LOX/CAT effectively consumed lactate to produce adequate amounts of H2O2 which sufficiently suppress tumor growth and adequately modulate the TME, transforming environments that are favorable to tumor suppressive neutrophils but adverse to tumor-supportive tumor-associated macrophages. Collectively, these findings showed that the modular functionalization of protein nanoparticles with multiple metabolic enzymes may offer the opportunity to develop new enzyme complex-based therapeutic tools that can modulate the TME by controlling cancer metabolism.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Neoplasias , Animais , Camundongos , Ácido Láctico , Catalase , Microambiente Tumoral , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/patologia , Nanopartículas/uso terapêutico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
2.
Vet Parasitol Reg Stud Reports ; 37: 100823, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36623903

RESUMO

The clinical presentation and the morphological and molecular findings of Lagochilascaris minor in a domestic cat from Veracruz, Mexico are described. In the physical examination of the cat, a fistula with purulent exudate was observed in the ventral middle and left lateral region of the neck, with the presence of nematodes inside. Thirty-two worms were recovered from the lesion, which were identified based on their morphological characteristics as Lagochilascaris spp. To determine the species of the nematode, DNA was extracted from the worms and a fragment of the cytochrome C oxidase subunit 1 was amplified. The product obtained was 100% similar with L. minor from Costa Rica. This is the first morphological and molecular report of L. minor parasitizing a domestic cat from Veracruz, Mexico, and emphasizes the circulation of this zoonotic parasite in the country.


Assuntos
Ascaridoidea , Animais , Gatos , México , Ascaridoidea/genética , Catalase , Costa Rica
3.
Planta ; 257(2): 28, 2023 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36592255

RESUMO

MAIN CONCLUSION: Inbred line 11-133 of popcorn showed the lowest apoplast Al and total Al concentrations and Al-lumogallion complex, associated with a more efficient antioxidant system, mainly due to glutathione metabolism. Popcorn (Zea mays L. var. everta) is largely intended for human consumption. About 40% of the world's arable soils are acidic. In soils acidic, aluminum (Al) ionizes producing the trivalent cation, which is highly toxic to plants. Hence, this work aimed to: (1) evaluate the Al toxicity sites and its effect on the structure of the root tips, (2) quantify Al concentrations in the apoplast and symplast of the roots, and (3) to elucidate the modulation on the activity of antioxidant enzymes and metabolites of the ascorbate-glutathione cycle in two popcorn inbred lines (ILs) 11-133 and 11-60, classified as tolerant and sensitive to this metal, respectively. Aluminum toxicity did not affect the shoot growth; however, there was a yellowing of the oldest leaf blade only in 11-60. The better performance of 11-133 is related to lower apoplastic and total Al concentrations and Al accumulation in the root associated with a lower fluorescence of Al-lumogallion complex at the root tip, indicating the presence of mechanisms of chelation with this metal. Consequently, this IL showed less change in root morphoanatomy and lower reactive oxygen species and malondialdehyde content, which are associated with a more efficient enzymatic and non-enzymatic system, mainly due to the higher content of the glutathione metabolite and the higher activities of superoxide dismutase, monodehydroascorbate reductase, dehydroascorbate reductase, γ-glutamylcysteine synthetase, and glutathione peroxidase enzymes. Thus, these findings illustrated above indicate how internal mechanisms of detoxification respond to Al in popcorn, which can be used as tolerance biomarkers.


Assuntos
Alumínio , Antioxidantes , Humanos , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Alumínio/toxicidade , Estresse Oxidativo , Catalase/metabolismo , Ácido Ascórbico/metabolismo , Oxirredução , Glutationa , Solo , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo
4.
Cardiovasc Toxicol ; 23(1): 46-60, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36650404

RESUMO

Cuprizone (CPZ) is a neurotoxic agent that is used to induce demyelination and neurotoxicity in rats. This study aimed to investigate the protective potential of sulforaphane (SF), nuclear factor E2 related factor (Nrf-2) activator, against CPZ-induced cardiotoxicity and hepatotoxicity. Male adult Wistar rats (n = 18) were fed with a regular diet or a CPZ-contained diet (0.2%) for four weeks. The rats were divided into three groups (n = 6): negative control rats, CPZ-exposed rats, and CPZ + SF treated rats. SF was intraperitoneally administrated (2 mg/kg/day) for two weeks. The anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative functions of SF were investigated biochemically, histologically, and immunohistochemically. CPZ increased serum levels of cardiac troponin 1 (CTn1), aspartate amino transaminase (AST), alanine amino transaminase (ALT), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP). In addition, serum levels of inflammatory interferon-gamma (IFN-γ), and pro-inflammatory interleukin 1ß (IL-1ß) were significantly elevated. Moreover, CPZ administration provoked oxidative stress as manifested by declined serum levels of total antioxidant capacity (TAC), as well as, stimulated lipid peroxidation and decreased catalase activities in both cardiac and hepatic tissues. SF treatment reversed all these biochemical alterations through exerting anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory activities, and this was supported by histopathological investigations in both cardiac and hepatic tissues. This SF-triggered modulation of oxidative stress and inflammation is strongly associated with Nrf-2 activation, as evidenced by activated immunoexpression in both cardiac and hepatic tissues. This highlights the cardioprotective and hepatoprotective activities of SF via Nrf-2 activation and enhancing catalase function.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Cuprizona , Ratos , Masculino , Animais , Ratos Wistar , Catalase/metabolismo , Cuprizona/metabolismo , Cuprizona/farmacologia , Cuprizona/uso terapêutico , Cardiotoxicidade/metabolismo , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/prevenção & controle , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/metabolismo , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36673654

RESUMO

This study aims to analyse sex-specific associations of physical activity and sedentary behaviour with oxidative stress and inflammatory markers in a young-adult population. Sixty participants (21 women, 22.63 ± 4.62 years old) wore a hip accelerometer for 7 consecutive days to estimate their physical activity and sedentarism. Oxidative stress (catalase, superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione, malondialdehyde, and advanced oxidation protein products) and inflammatory (tumour necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-6) markers were measured. Student t-tests and single linear regressions were applied. The women presented higher catalase activity and glutathione concentrations, and lower levels of advanced protein-oxidation products, tumour necrosis factor-alpha, and interleukin-6 than the men (p < 0.05). In the men, longer sedentary time was associated with lower catalase activity (ß = -0.315, p = 0.04), and longer sedentary breaks and higher physical-activity expenditures were associated with malondialdehyde (ß = -0.308, p = 0.04). Vigorous physical activity was related to inflammatory markers in the women (tumour necrosis factor-alpha, ß = 0.437, p = 0.02) and men (interleukin-6, ß = 0.528, p < 0.01). In conclusion, the women presented a better redox and inflammatory status than the men; however, oxidative-stress markers were associated with physical activity and sedentary behaviours only in the men. In light of this, women could have better protection against the deleterious effect of sedentarism but a worse adaptation to daily physical activity.


Assuntos
Comportamento Sedentário , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adolescente , Adulto , Catalase , Interleucina-6 , Exercício Físico , Estresse Oxidativo , Antioxidantes , Malondialdeído , Glutationa , Acelerometria
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36673822

RESUMO

Phytoextraction using Celosia argentea Linn. by Mn pretreatment can potentially decontaminate Cd-contaminated soils. However, the mechanism that accelerates the Cd bioaccumulation is still unknown. In order to study the effect and mechanism of Mn pretreatment on Cd bioaccumulation in C. argentea, the hydroponic experiments were set to determine the chlorophyll content, antioxidant enzyme activity, malondialdehyde content, and root exudation of C. argentea. The results indicated that after seven days of Mn pretreatment, both the biomass and Cd concentrations in plants increased compared to the control group. One of the mechanisms for this was the improvement in the physiological resistance of C. argentea following pretreatment with Mn. Compared with Cd stress alone, Mn pretreatment increased photosynthesis and reduced membrane lipid peroxidation. Meanwhile, the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD), catalase (CAT), and ascorbate peroxidase (APX) were significantly reduced in leaves of C. argentea after Mn pretreatment through the reduction in the production of reactive oxygen species. In addition, Mn promoted the exudation of organic acids in the roots of C. argentea. The contents of citric and malic acids increased by 55.3% and 26.4%, respectively, which may be another important reason for Mn pretreatment increasing Cd bioaccumulation in C. argentea. Therefore, the present work shows that the pretreatment of seedlings with Mn can provide a meaningful strategy to improve the remediation efficiency of Cd-contaminated soils by C. argentea.


Assuntos
Cádmio , Poluentes do Solo , Cádmio/toxicidade , Cádmio/análise , Catalase , Antioxidantes , Superóxido Dismutase , Plântula , Solo , Raízes de Plantas/química , Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade , Poluentes do Solo/análise
7.
Lasers Med Sci ; 38(1): 39, 2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36633696

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) and dementia are the most worrying health problems faced by people globally today. Although the pathological features of AD consisting of amyloid-beta (Aß) plaques in the extracellular space (ECS) and intracellular tau tangles are well established, the developed medicines targeting these two proteins have not obtained the expected clinical effects. Photobiomodulation (PBM) describes the therapeutic use of red light (RL) or near-infrared light (NIR) to serve as a noninvasive neuroprotective strategy for brain diseases. The present review discusses the mechanisms of the photoelectric coupling effect (light energy-induced special electronic transition-related alterations in protein structure) of PBM on reducing Aß toxicity. On the one hand, RL or NIR can directly disassemble Aß in vitro and in vivo. On the other hand, formaldehyde (FA)-inhibited catalase (CAT) and H2O2-inactived formaldehyde dehydrogenase (FDH) are formed a vicious circle in AD; however, light energy not only activates FDH to degrade excessive FA (which crosslinks Aß monomer to form Aß oligomers and senile plaques) but also sensitizes CAT to reduce hydrogen peroxide levels (H2O2, which can facilitate Aß aggregation and enhance FA generation). In addition, it also activates mitochondrial cytochrome-c to produce ATP in the neurons. Clinical trials of phototherapeutics or oral coenzyme Q10 have shown positive effects in AD patients. Hence, a promising strategy combined PBM with nanopacked Q10 has been proposed to apply for treating AD.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Humanos , Doença de Alzheimer/radioterapia , Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/química , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/uso terapêutico , Catalase , Luz
8.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 15(1): 378-390, 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36594213

RESUMO

Most enzyme catalysts are unable to achieve effective oxidation resistance because of the monotonous mimicking function or production of secondary reactive oxygen species (ROS). Herein, the Au@Cu2O heterostructure with multienzyme-like activities is deigned, which has significantly improved antioxidant capacity compared with pure Cu2O for the scavenging of highly cell-damaging secondary ROS, i.e.,·OH. Experiments and theoretical calculations show that the heterostructure exhibits a built-in electric field and lattice mismatch at the metal-semiconductor interface, which facilitate to generate abundant oxygen vacancies, redox couples, and surface electron deficiency. On the one hand, the presence of rich oxygen vacancies and redox couple can enhance the adsorption and activation of oxygen-containing ROS (including O2·- and H2O2). On the other hand, the electron transfer between the electron-deficient Au@Cu2O surface and electron donor would promote peroxide-like activity and avoid producing ·OH. Importantly, endogenous ·OH could be eliminated in both acidic and neutral conditions, which is no longer limited by the volatile physiological environment. Therefore, Au@Cu2O can simulate superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), peroxidase (POD), and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) to form a complete antioxidant system. The deigned nanoenzyme is explored in the real sample world such as A549 cells and zebrafish. This work provides theoretical and practical strategies for the construction of a complete antioxidant enzyme system.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Animais , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Peixe-Zebra , Oxigênio , Superóxido Dismutase/química , Catalase/química
9.
Braz J Biol ; 82: e266573, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36629543

RESUMO

Piper cubeba contains various types of lignans. These compounds have been found to have potential pharmacological activities, one being a neuroprotector through an antioxidant mechanism, especially in the brain. This study examined the antioxidant activity of the lignan-rich fraction of P. cubeba (LF) in rat brains. The rats were given LF (200 and 400 mg/kg), Vitamin C (200 mg/kg), and a carrier as the control group for one-week p.o. The following day, rat brains were collected for antioxidant tests, including examining lipid peroxide inhibition, superoxide dismutase and catalase activity, and determination of nitric oxide (NO) concentration. The phytochemical compounds were analyzed with thin-layer chromatography (TLC), ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS), and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Test results show that the LF of both doses of 200 and 400 mg/kg could significantly increase antioxidant activity in the brain by inhibiting lipid peroxidation. LF could also increase catalase, despite the decrease in superoxide dismutase activity. Reduction in NO only occurred in the LF-200 group, while LF-400 showed insignificant results compared to the control group. In conclusion, LF showed potential as an antioxidant in the brain and could be beneficial for treating neurological diseases.


Assuntos
Lignanas , Piper , Ratos , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Lignanas/farmacologia , Lignanas/análise , Catalase , Piper/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Cromatografia Líquida , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
10.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 25, 2023 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36646720

RESUMO

Small airway remodeling (SAR) is a key phenomenon of airflow obstruction in smokers, leading to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). SAR results in an increased thickness of small airway walls, with a combination of peribronchiolar fibrosis with increased fibrous tissue and accumulation of mesenchymal and epithelial cells. SAR pathogenesis is still unclear but recent data suggest that alterations in telomerase activity could represent a possible underlying mechanism of SAR. Our study was dedicated to identify a potential protective role of TA-65, a pharmacological telomerase activator, in a cigarette smoke (CS) model of SAR in mice, and to further precise if extra-telomeric effects of telomerase, involving oxidative stress modulation, could explain it. C57BL/6J mice were daily exposed to air or CS during 4 weeks with or without a concomitant administration of TA-65 starting 7 days before CS exposure. Morphological analyses were performed, and mucus production, myofibroblast differentiation, collagen deposition, as well as transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1) expression in the small airway walls were examined. In addition, the effects of TA-65 treatment on TGF-ß expression, fibroblast-to-myofibroblast differentiation, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and catalase expression and activity were evaluated in primary cultures of pulmonary fibroblasts and/or mouse embryonic fibroblasts in vitro. Exposure to CS during 4 weeks induced SAR in mice, characterized by small airway walls thickening and peribronchiolar fibrosis (increased deposition of collagen, expression of α-SMA in small airway walls), without mucus overproduction. Treatment of mice with TA-65 protected them from CS-induced SAR. This effect was associated with the prevention of CS-induced TGF-ß expression in vivo, the blockade of TGF-ß-induced myofibroblast differentiation, and the reduction of TGF-ß-induced ROS production that correlates with an increase of catalase expression and activity. Our findings demonstrate that telomerase is a critical player of SAR, probably through extra-telomeric anti-oxidant effects, and therefore provide new insights in the understanding and treatment of COPD pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Fumar Cigarros , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Telomerase , Camundongos , Animais , Catalase/metabolismo , Telomerase/metabolismo , Remodelação das Vias Aéreas , Fumar Cigarros/efeitos adversos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/etiologia , Colágeno/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Fibrose
11.
Genes (Basel) ; 14(1)2023 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36672879

RESUMO

Catalase (CAT) is an important antioxidant enzyme in plants that plays a key role in plant growth and stress responses. CAT is usually encoded by a small gene family that has been cloned and functionally studied in some species, such as Arabidopsis, wheat and cucumber, but its specific roles in rice are not clear at present. In this study, we identified three CAT family genes (OsCAT1, OsCAT2 and OsCAT3) in the rice genome and performed a systematic bioinformatics analysis. RT-PCR analysis revealed that OsCAT1-OsCAT3 was primarily expressed in vegetative tissues such as roots, stems and leaves. Since OsCAT3 showed the highest expression level among the three OsCAT genes, we then focused on its related functions. OsCAT3 prokaryotic expression protein has an obvious ability to remove H2O2. The OsCAT3crispr plant was short and had a low survival rate, the leaves were small with brown lesions, and the activities of the CAT, POD and SOD enzymes were significantly reduced. A microarray analysis showed that differentially expressed genes were primarily enriched in toxin metabolism and photosynthesis. This study laid a foundation for further understanding the function of the rice OsCAT gene.


Assuntos
Oryza , Catalase/genética , Catalase/metabolismo , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Fotossíntese
12.
Neurosci Lett ; 792: 136942, 2023 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36328292

RESUMO

Neuregulin-1 (NRG1)/erythroblastic leukaemia viral oncogene homologues 2 (ErbB2) pathway had been implicated in promoting differentiation and suppressing apoptosis of neuronal stem cells (NSCs) isolated from cochlear nucleus. In the current study, we aimed at determining the effects of NRG1/ErbB2 on mitochondrial (mt) function of NSCs. As expected, NRG1 increased the expression of mitofusin (Mfn) 1 and Mfn2 and decreased the expression of mitochondrial fission protein 1 (Fis1) and dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1). However, after ErbB2 knockout, Mfn1 and Mfn2 expression decreased while Fis1 and Drp1 increased. Moreover, the increased mtDNA copy number and intracellular ATP level, elevated ATPase activities as well as decreased lactate production induced by NRG1 were partially reversed by ErbB2 knockout. Additionally, NRG1 treatment increased the activities of catalase, superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and upregulated the protein expression of catalase, manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactlvator-1α (PGC-1α), nuclear respiratory factor 1 (NRF1) and transcription factor A, mitochondrial (TFAM), which were also reversed by ErbB2 knockout. Furthermore, PGC-1α overexpression partially reversed the above effects of ErbB2 knockout. In conclusion, these findings suggest that the promotion of mitochondrial function of NRG1/ErbB2 axis is at least in part mediated by PGC-1α in NSCs from cochlear nucleus.


Assuntos
Núcleo Coclear , Células-Tronco Neurais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Catalase/metabolismo , Neuregulina-1/metabolismo , Núcleo Coclear/metabolismo , Coativador 1-alfa do Receptor gama Ativado por Proliferador de Peroxissomo/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neurais/metabolismo
13.
Med Gas Res ; 13(2): 72-77, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36204786

RESUMO

Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is a complex disorder caused by long-standing diabetes. Oxidative stress was considered the critical creed in this DPN pathophysiology. Hydrogen has antioxidative effects on diabetes mellitus and related complications. However, there is still no concern on the beneficial effects of hydrogen in DPN. This paper aimed to evaluate the effects of exogenous hydrogen to reduce the severity of DPN in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Compared with hydrogen-rich saline treatment, hydrogen inhalation significantly reduced blood glucose levels in diabetic rats in the 4th and 8th weeks. With regard to nerve function, hydrogen administration significantly attenuated the decrease in the velocity of motor nerve conduction in diabetic animals. In addition, hydrogen significantly attenuated oxidative stress by reducing the level of malondialdehyde, reactive oxygen species, and 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine and meaningfully enhanced the antioxidant capability by partially restoring the activities of superoxide dismutase. Further studies showed that hydrogen significantly upregulated the expression of nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2 and downstream proteins such as catalase and hemeoxygenase-1 in the nerves of diabetic animals. Our paper showed that hydrogen exerts significant protective effects in DPN by downregulating oxidative stress via the pathway of nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2, which suggests its potential value in clinical applications.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Neuropatias Diabéticas , Fármacos Neuroprotetores , Animais , Ratos , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Glicemia , Catalase/metabolismo , Catalase/farmacologia , Catalase/uso terapêutico , Desoxiguanosina/metabolismo , Desoxiguanosina/farmacologia , Desoxiguanosina/uso terapêutico , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Neuropatias Diabéticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neuropatias Diabéticas/metabolismo , Hidrogênio , Malondialdeído , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/uso terapêutico , Estresse Oxidativo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Estreptozocina , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/farmacologia , Superóxido Dismutase/uso terapêutico
14.
Asian J Psychiatr ; 79: 103400, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36521406

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress (OS) and neuroinflammatory pathways play an important role in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. The present study investigated the relationship between OS, inflammatory cytokines, and clinical features in male patients with treatment-resistant schizophrenia (TRS). METHOD: We measured plasma OS parameters, including manganese-superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD), copper/zinc-containing SOD (CuZn-SOD), total-SOD (T-SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), catalase (CAT), and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px); and serum inflammatory cytokines, including interleukin (IL)- 1α, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), and interferon (IFN)-γ, from 80 male patients with chronic schizophrenia (31 had TRS and 49 had chronic stable schizophrenia (CSS)), and 42 healthy controls. The severity of psychotic symptoms was evaluated using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS). RESULTS: Compared with healthy controls, plasma Mn-SOD, CuZn-SOD, T-SOD, GSH-Px, and MDA levels were significantly lower, while CAT and serum IL-6 levels were higher in both TRS and CSS male patients (all P < 0.05). Significant differences in the activities of CAT (F = 6.068, P = 0.016) and IL-6 levels (F = 6.876, P = 0.011) were observed between TRS and CSS male patients after analysis of covariance. Moreover, a significant positive correlation was found between IL-6 levels and PANSS general psychopathology subscores (r = 0.485, P = 0.006) and between CAT activity and PANSS total scores (r = 0.409, P = 0.022) in TRS male patients. CAT and IL-6 levels were predictors for TRS. Additionally, in chronic schizophrenia patients, a significant positive correlation was observed between IL-6 and GSH-Px (r = 0.292, P = 0.012), and the interaction effect of IL-6 and GSH-Px was positively associated with PANSS general psychopathology scores (r = 0.287, P = 0.014). CONCLUSION: This preliminary study indicated that variations in OS and inflammatory cytokines may be involved in psychopathology for patients with chronic schizophrenia, especially in male patients with TRS.


Assuntos
Esquizofrenia , Masculino , Humanos , Catalase/metabolismo , Interleucina-6 , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
15.
Food Chem ; 408: 135249, 2023 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36566546

RESUMO

Fish oil is increasingly utilised in the form of nano-emulsion as a nutrient and function fortifier. The nano-emulsions exceptionally high content of polyunsaturated fatty acids and electron donors at the oil/water interface provide an ideal site of the redox reaction. Here we report that a vigorous superoxide production in the fish oil nano-emulsion was catalysed by mammalian catalase in acellular and cellular systems. The resulting superoxide increased cytosolic reactive oxygen species (ROS) and membrane lipid peroxidation of murine macrophage, which eventually causes fatal oxidative damages. Cell death, was significantly inhibited by a catalase-specific inhibitor 3-Amino-1,2,4-triazole (3-AT), was via ferroptosis and not apoptosis. The ferroptosis was independent of free iron or glutathione peroxidase suppression. Our findings discovered a hidden health risk of the widely acclaimed fish oil emulsion, suggesting a novel cellular damage mechanism caused by dietary unsaturated fats on the alimentary tract mucosa.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Óleos de Peixe , Camundongos , Animais , Óleos de Peixe/farmacologia , Superóxidos , Catalase/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos Insaturados/metabolismo , Gorduras na Dieta , Emulsões , Peroxidação de Lipídeos , Mamíferos
16.
Sci Total Environ ; 863: 160903, 2023 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36526206

RESUMO

As an emerging pollutant that is easily bonded with some functional proteins and the effects of their physiological expressions, nano plastics (NPs) have been widely detected in various environmental mediums, even in human blood. Compared to microplastics, less information on the interactions between NPs and proteins has been reported. Here, the interaction mechanism between common polystyrene nano plastics (PSNPs) and catalase (CAT) under two typical physiological conditions, pH 7.4 and 4.0, was investigated by UV-visible spectroscopy, circular dichroism (CD), and dynamic light scattering (DLS). Compared with the enhanced catalytic effects when increasing PSNPs at pH 7.4, a trend of initial inhibition and enhanced activity was observed at pH 4.0. Spectroscopic analysis and calculation results indicated that their binding was static, with only one binding site and stronger interactions under acidic conditions. UV-visible and CD spectra analysis demonstrated that the difference in enzymatic activity could be mainly attributed to the conformational alternation of CAT in the presence of PSNPs, which is obviously affected by solution chemistry. The change was also revealed by the hydrodynamic diameter and zeta potentials of the complexes supplied by DLS analysis. This study will help understand the health risks of nano plastic pollution and provide a theoretical basis for studying their toxicological effects.


Assuntos
Microplásticos , Plásticos , Humanos , Catalase/metabolismo , Dicroísmo Circular , Difusão Dinâmica da Luz , Poliestirenos
17.
Environ Pollut ; 319: 120979, 2023 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36586554

RESUMO

Soil heavy metal contamination is increasing rapidly due to increased anthropogenic activities. Lead (Pb) is a well-known human carcinogen causing toxic effects on humans and the environment. Its accumulation in food crops is a serious hazard to food security. Developing environment-friendly and cost-efficient techniques is necessary for Pb immobilization in the soil. A pot experiment was executed to determine the role of biochar (BC), zero-valent iron nanoparticles (n-ZVI), and zero-valent iron nanoparticles biochar composite (n-ZVI-BC) in controlling the Pb mobility and bioaccumulation in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). The results showed that BC and n-ZVI significantly enhanced the wheat growth by increasing their photosynthetic and enzymatic activities. Among all the applied treatments, the maximum significant (p ≤ 0.05) improvement in wheat biomass was with the n-ZVI-BC application (T3). Compared to the control, the biomass of wheat roots, shoots & grains increased by 92.5, 58.8, and 49.1%, respectively. Moreover, the soil addition of T3 amendment minimized the Pb distribution in wheat roots, shoots, and grains by 33.8, 26.8, and 16.2%, respectively. The outcomes of this experiment showed that in comparison to control treatment plants, soil amendment with n-ZVI-BC (T3) increased the catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity by 49.8 and 31.1%, respectively, ultimately declining electrolyte leakage (EL), malondialdehyde (MDA) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) content in wheat by 38.7, 33.3, and 38%respectively. In addition, applied amendments declined the Pb mobility in the soil by increasing the residual Pb fractions. Soil amendment with n-ZVI-BC also increased the soil catalase (CAT), urease (UR), and acid phosphatase (ACP) activities by 68, 59, and 74%, respectively. Our research results provided valuable insight for the remediation of Pb toxicity in wheat. Hence, we can infer from our findings that n-ZVI-BC can be considered a propitious, environment friendly and affordable technique for mitigating Pb toxicity in wheat crop and reclamation of Pb polluted soils.


Assuntos
Ferro , Poluentes do Solo , Humanos , Chumbo/toxicidade , Chumbo/análise , Triticum , Catalase , Cádmio/análise , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Carvão Vegetal/farmacologia , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade , Poluentes do Solo/análise
18.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 158: 114055, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36495663

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Doxorubicin (Dox)-induced cardiotoxicity has limited its use. Inflammation, oxidative stress, and apoptosis have important roles in Dox-induced cardiotoxicity. Minocycline (Min) is an antibiotic with anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant and anti-apoptotic properties. Here, the cardioprotective effects of Min against Dox-induced cardiotoxicity in adult male rats were evaluated. METHODS: Forty-two adult male rats were divided into six groups including control group (normal saline), Dox group, Min groups (Min 45 mg/kg and Min 90 mg/kg), and treatment groups (Dox + Min 45 mg/kg and Dox + Min 90 mg/kg). Dox (2.5 mg/kg) was administered three times a week for two weeks, and Min once a day for three weeks via intraperitoneal route. Cardiac tissue sections were stained with hematoxylin and eosin for histological examination. The activities of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and creatine kinase MB (CK-MB) in serum as well as the activity of catalase and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in cardiac tissue were measured. Cardiac tissue levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), TNF-α, and IL-1ß were also measured using ELISA. RESULTS: Compared with the Dox group, treatment with Min significantly decreased the activity of LDH and CK-MB. Min also increased the activity of catalase and SOD in the tissue samples. The results showed that the levels of MDA, TNF-α, and IL-1ß in cardiac tissue samples were significantly lower in the Min groups compared with the Dox group. In addition, histopathological results showed that Min reduced the tissue damage caused by Dox. CONCLUSION: Min reduced Dox-induced cardiotoxicity. The anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of Min may contribute to its protective effects.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Cardiotoxicidade , Ratos , Masculino , Animais , Cardiotoxicidade/tratamento farmacológico , Cardiotoxicidade/prevenção & controle , Cardiotoxicidade/etiologia , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Catalase/metabolismo , Minociclina/farmacologia , Minociclina/uso terapêutico , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Doxorrubicina/toxicidade , Doxorrubicina/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Miocárdio/patologia , Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/farmacologia
19.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 195: 158-177, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36586451

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Imbalance of oxidative stress has been detected in a range of fibrotic diseases. Melatonin as an indoleamine hormone plays an important role in regulating the circadian rhythm of human, while in recent years, its antioxidant effect has also attracted increasing attention. This study aimed to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to comprehensively evaluate the antioxidant effect of melatonin in animal models of fibrosis. METHODS: The PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang database, China Science and Technology Journal Database (VIP), and SinoMed databases were searched from inception to March 1st, 2022 to retrieve eligible studies that evaluated the effect of melatonin supplementation on the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), lipid peroxidation (LPO), nitric oxide (NO), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione (GSH), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and catalase (CAT) in animal models of fibrosis. RESULTS: A total of 64 studies were included in this meta-analysis. The results showed that melatonin supplementation significantly reduced the levels of oxidative indicators including MDA (P < 0.00001), LPO (P < 0.00001) and NO (P < 0.0001), and elevated the levels of antioxidant indicators including GSH (P < 0.00001), GPx (P < 0.00001) and SOD (P < 0.00001) in fibrotic diseases. CONCLUSIONS: Our research findings showed that melatonin supplementation could significantly reduce the levels of oxidative indicators including MDA, LPO and NO and elevate the levels of antioxidant indicators including GSH, GPx and SOD so as to correct oxidative stress in animal models of fibrosis. However, no significant changes were observed in CAT level. More clinical studies are needed to further confirm the beneficial role of melatonin in fibrotic diseases.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Melatonina , Animais , Humanos , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Melatonina/farmacologia , Estresse Oxidativo , Catalase/metabolismo , Glutationa/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Fibrose , Óxido Nítrico/farmacologia , Modelos Animais , Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Malondialdeído/farmacologia
20.
Sci Total Environ ; 862: 160547, 2023 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36481136

RESUMO

Earthworms are attracting the attention of bioremediation research because of their short-term impact on pollutant fate. However, earthworm-assisted bioremediation largely depends on the earthworm sensitivity to target pollutants and its metabolic capacity to break down contaminants. The most studied species in soil bioremediation has been Eisenia fetida, which inhabits the soil surface feeding on decomposing organic residues. Therefore, its bioremediation potential may be limited to organic matter-rich topsoil. We compared the detoxification potential against organophosphate (OP) pesticides of three earthworm species representative of the main ecotypes: epigeic, anecic, and endogeic. Selected biomarkers of pesticide detoxification (esterases, cytochrome P450-dependent monooxygenase, and glutathione S-transferase) and oxidative homeostasis (total antioxidant capacity, glutathione levels, and glutathione reductase [GR] and catalase activities) were measured in the muscle wall and gastrointestinal tract of E. fetida (epigeic), Lumbricus terrestris (anecic) and Aporrectodea caliginosa (endogeic). Our results show that L. terrestris was the most suitable species to bioremediate OP-contaminated soil for the following reasons: 1) Gut carboxylesterase (CbE) activity of L. terrestris was higher than that of E. fetida, whereas muscle CbE activity was more sensitivity to OP inhibition than that of E. fetida, which means a high capacity to inactivate the toxic oxon metabolites of OPs. 2) Muscle and gut phosphotriesterase activities were significantly higher in L. terrestris than in the other species. 3) Enzymatic (catalase and GR) and molecular mechanisms of free radical inactivation (glutathione) were 3- to 4-fold higher in L. terrestris concerning E. fetida and A. caliginosa, which reveals a higher potential to keep the cellular oxidative homeostasis against reactive metabolites formed during OP metabolism. Together with biological and ecological traits, these toxicological traits suggest L. terrestris a better candidate for soil bioremediation than epigeic earthworms.


Assuntos
Inseticidas , Oligoquetos , Poluentes do Solo , Animais , Oligoquetos/fisiologia , Catalase/metabolismo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Ecótipo , Inseticidas/toxicidade , Solo/química , Glutationa Redutase/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Glutationa/metabolismo , Poluentes do Solo/análise
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...