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1.
BMC Med Educ ; 22(1): 357, 2022 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35538481

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Active learning methods, including low-fidelity simulation, are useful but the incremental learning effect of each method is however limited. We designed this study to assess if combining flipped classroom and the modified Peyton's « 4-steps¼ method during procedural simulation (intervention group [IG]) would provide better learning results than simulation alone (control group [CG]) in the context of central venous catheter insertion training. METHODS: This prospective, single-center, and randomized study took place in 2017 in a single simulation center. All first year Anesthesiology residents of Ile de France area at the start of their residency were randomly included either in the IG or CG during a seminar aimed at providing initial procedural skills with low-fidelity simulation. A composite learning score which included knowledge MCQ and a questionnaire assessing satisfaction and value of the training session was recorded after training (primary outcome, /100). A randomized sub-group of learners of each group were video-recorded during central venous catheter insertion at the end of training and their skills were evaluated with validated tools, including a specific checklist and a global rating scale (GRS). RESULTS: Among 89 anesthesiology residents, 48 and 41 learners were randomized in the intervention and control groups respectively. Of the IG residents, 40/48 (83%) had read the learning material prior to the session. There was no significant difference regarding the composite outcome ([IG]= 81.1 vs [CG] = 80.5 /100 (p = 0.68)). Results of the post-session MCQ knowledge questionnaire were also non-significantly different. Residents were similarly satisfied and described a significant improvement of their knowledge and skills after training. Learners highly valued the training session as a mean to improve their future practice. No significant differences regarding checklist and GRS scores were observed. CONCLUSIONS: A multimodal active learning strategy of procedural learning did not provide better learning outcomes when compared to a traditional simulation method. In both groups, satisfaction was high and perception of the acquired theoretical and practical knowledge was improved after training.


Assuntos
Anestesiologia , Cateterismo Venoso Central , Cateteres Venosos Centrais , Internato e Residência , Anestesiologia/educação , Competência Clínica , Humanos , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , Estudos Prospectivos
2.
BMJ ; 377: e069634, 2022 04 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35414532

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify whether multifaceted interventions, or care bundles, reduce catheter related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs) from central venous catheters used for haemodialysis. DESIGN: Stepped wedge, cluster randomised design. SETTING: 37 renal services across Australia. PARTICIPANTS: All adults (age ≥18 years) under the care of a renal service who required insertion of a new haemodialysis catheter. INTERVENTIONS: After a baseline observational phase, a service-wide, multifaceted intervention bundle that included elements of catheter care (insertion, maintenance, and removal) was implemented at one of three randomly assigned time points (12 at the first time point, 12 at the second, and 13 at the third) between 20 December 2016 and 31 March 2020. MAIN OUTCOMES MEASURE: The primary endpoint was the rate of CRBSI in the baseline phase compared with intervention phase at the renal service level using the intention-to-treat principle. RESULTS: 1.14 million haemodialysis catheter days of use were monitored across 6364 patients. Patient characteristics were similar across baseline and intervention phases. 315 CRBSIs occurred (158 in the baseline phase and 157 in the intervention phase), with a rate of 0.21 per 1000 days of catheter use in the baseline phase and 0.29 per 1000 days in the intervention phase, giving an incidence rate ratio of 1.37 (95% confidence interval 0.85 to 2.21; P=0.20). This translates to one in 10 patients who undergo dialysis for a year with a catheter experiencing an episode of CRBSI. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients who require a haemodialysis catheter, the implementation of a multifaceted intervention did not reduce the rate of CRBSI. Multifaceted interventions to prevent CRBSI might not be effective in clinical practice settings. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Australia New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry ACTRN12616000830493.


Assuntos
Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter , Cateteres Venosos Centrais , Sepse , Adolescente , Adulto , Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/epidemiologia , Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/etiologia , Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/prevenção & controle , Cateteres Venosos Centrais/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Incidência , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos , Sepse/complicações
3.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2022: 4700257, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35401782

RESUMO

Background: As cardiac surgery is complicated, time-consuming, and traumatic, it may cause great damage to the patient's body. Therefore, postoperative indwelling venous catheters are required for hemodynamic monitoring and rapid fluid replenishment. Intravenous catheterization infection can easily lead to phlebitis, which not only affects the success of the operation and patient recovery but may also lead to death in severe cases. Good perioperative care is key to reducing postoperative infection in patients, and the choice of dressings for patients with catheterization plays an important role in reducing catheter infection. Objective: The Kanghuier transparent hydrocolloid dressing is known to effectively prevent and treat wound infections. This study is aimed at exploring whether it can reduce the incidence of postoperative catheter infection and phlebitis in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Methods: A total of 196 patients undergoing cardiac surgery in the Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery of Zhuhai People's Hospital (Zhuhai Hospital Affiliated with Jinan University) from January 2020 to June 2020 were selected. Among them, 98 patients receiving Kanghuier transparent dressing intervention were selected as group A, and the remaining 98 patients receiving traditional sterile gauze intervention were selected as group B. The incidence of infection and related complications, phlebitis, inflammatory factors, pain at the infusion site, nursing comfort and satisfaction, and quality of life were analyzed and compared between the two groups. Results: It was found that compared with group B, the postoperative central venous catheter infection rate and the incidence of phlebitis were significantly lower in group A. In addition, the inflammatory response of patients in group A was better relieved. Moreover, the nursing comfort and satisfaction and the quality of life of patients in group A were significantly improved. Conclusion: This study suggests that the Kanghuier transparent hydrocolloid dressing is effective in the prevention and treatment of central venous catheter infection and phlebitis in patients after heart surgery.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Cateteres Venosos Centrais , Flebite , Curativos Hidrocoloides , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Cateteres Venosos Centrais/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Flebite/epidemiologia , Flebite/etiologia , Flebite/prevenção & controle , Qualidade de Vida
4.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 6922, 2022 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35484279

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to assess the influence of music on anxiety levels compared to standard patient care in patients undergoing venous catheter placement procedures. This prospective randomized controlled trial included patients undergoing placement procedures for peripherally inserted central venous catheters (PICC), ports and central venous catheters (CVC). Patients were randomly assigned to a music intervention group (MIG) and a control group (CTRL). State and trait anxiety levels were assessed as primary outcome using the state-trait anxiety inventory (STAI) before and after the procedures. Secondary outcomes comprised averaged heart rate for all participants and time of radiological surveillance for port placement procedures exclusively. 72 participants were included into the final analysis (MIG n = 40; CTRL n = 32). All procedures were successful and no major complications were reported. Mean levels for post-interventional anxieties were significantly lower in the MIG compared to the CTRL (34.9 ± 8.9 vs. 44 ± 12.1; p < 0.001). Mean heart rate in the MIG was significantly lower than in the CTRL (76.1 ± 13.7 vs. 93 ± 8.9; p < 0.001). Procedure time for port implantation was significantly longer in the MIG by 3 min 45 s (p = 0.031). Music exposure during central venous catheter placement procedures highly significantly reduces anxiety and stress levels and can be used to improve patients' overall experience in the angio suite.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Venoso Central , Cateteres Venosos Centrais , Música , Ansiedade , Cateterismo Venoso Central/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Venoso Central/métodos , Cateteres Venosos Centrais/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos
5.
Exp Clin Transplant ; 20(Suppl 1): 153-155, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35384828

RESUMO

Kidney transplantation continues to be the treatment of choice in patients with end-stage chronic kidney disease. Unfortunately, most patients in the adult population have coexisting diseases. Anemia, platelet dysfunction, and changes to the cardiovascular system are not the exception in the evolution of the disease. This group of patients has an increased risk of intraoperative and postoperative complications associated with the general conditions of their body and other complications related to the surgical procedure. For this reason, adequate control of fluids and electrolytes under adequate monitoring and hemodynamic support are essential; these can optimize the patient's vital signs and improve the conditions of the implant to guarantee proper functioning. In this series, 18 kidney transplant recipients with peripheral insertion central venous catheter were reviewed. There was an acceptable rate of success with proper placement. No complications inherent to the installation technique were found. In all patients, the installation was successful.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Venoso Central , Cateteres Venosos Centrais , Falência Renal Crônica , Transplante de Rim , Adulto , Cateterismo , Cateterismo Venoso Central/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Venoso Central/métodos , Humanos , Falência Renal Crônica/etiologia , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Rim/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Kidney360 ; 3(1): 99-102, 2022 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35368564

RESUMO

Background: Central vein stenosis (CVS) is a common complication in hemodialysis patients following tunneled central venous catheter (CVC) insertion. Little is known about its incidence, association with patient characteristics, or relationship with duration of CVC placement. We systematically evaluated central vein stenosis in hemodialysis patients receiving their first CVC exchange at a large medical center. Methods: All new hemodialysis patients underwent an ultrasound before their internal jugular tunneled CVC placement, to exclude venous stenosis or thrombosis. After the initial CVC insertion, if the patients were referred for CVC exchange due to dysfunction, a catheterogram/venogram was performed to assess for hemodynamically significant (≥50%) central vein stenosis. During a 5-year period (January 2016 to January 2021), we quantified the incidence of CVS in patients undergoing CVC exchange. We also evaluated the association of central vein stenosis with patient demographics, comorbidities, and duration of CVC dependence before exchange. Results: During the study period, 273 patients underwent exchange of a tunneled internal jugular vein CVC preceded by a catheterogram/venogram. Hemodynamically significant CVS was observed in 36 patients (13%). CVS was not associated with patient age, sex, race, diabetes, hypertension, coronary artery disease, peripheral artery disease, or CVC laterality. However, the frequency of CVS was associated with the duration of CVC dependence (26% versus 11% for CVC duration ≥6 versus <6 months: odds ratio (95% CI), 3.17 (1.45 to 6.97), P=0.003). Conclusions: Among incident hemodialysis patients receiving their first tunneled internal jugular CVC exchange, the overall incidence of de novo hemodynamically significant central vein stenosis was 13%. The likelihood of CVS was substantially greater in patients with at least 6 months of CVC dependence.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Venoso Central , Cateteres Venosos Centrais , Cateterismo Venoso Central/efeitos adversos , Cateteres Venosos Centrais/efeitos adversos , Constrição Patológica/epidemiologia , Humanos , Veias Jugulares/diagnóstico por imagem , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos
7.
Kidney360 ; 3(1): 91-98, 2022 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35368570

RESUMO

Background: Pre-ESKD Kidney Disease Education (KDE) has been shown to improve multiple CKD outcomes, but its effect on vascular access outcomes is not well studied. In 2010, Medicare launched KDE reimbursements policy for patients with advanced CKD. Methods: In this retrospective USRDS analysis, we identified all adult patients on incident hemodialysis with ≥6 months of pre-ESKD Medicare coverage during the first 5 years of CMS-KDE policy and divided them into CMS-KDE services recipients (KDE cohort) and nonrecipients (non-KDE cohort). The primary outcome was incident arteriovenous fistula (AVF) and the composite of incident AVF or arteriovenous graft (AVG) utilization. Secondary outcomes were central venous catheter (CVC) with maturing AVF/AVG and pure CVC utilizations. Step-wise multivariate analyses were performed in four progressive models (model 1, KDE alone; model 2, multivariate model encompassing model 1 with sociodemographics; model 3, model 2 with comorbidity and functional status; and model 4, model 3 with pre-ESKD nephrology care). Results: Of the 211,990 qualifying patients on incident hemodialysis during the study period, 2887 (1%) received KDE services before dialysis initiation. The rates of incident AVF and composite AVF/AVG were more than double (30% and 35%, respectively, compared with 14% and 17%), and pure catheter use about a third lower (40% compared with 65%) in the KDE cohort compared with the non-KDE cohort. The maximally adjusted odds ratios in model 4 for study outcomes were incident AVF use, 1.78, 99% confidence interval, 1.55 to 2.05; incident AVF/AVG use, 1.78, 99% confidence interval, 1.56 to 2.03; incident CVC with maturing AVF/AVG, 1.69, 99% confidence interval, 1.44 to 1.97; and pure CVC without any AVF/AVG, 0.51, 99% confidence interval, 0.45 to 0.58. The benefits of the KDE service were maintained even after accounting for the presence, duration, and facility of ESKD care. Conclusion: The occurrence of pre-ESRD KDE service is associated with significantly improved incident vascular access outcomes. Targeted studies are needed to examine the effect of KDE on patient engagement and self-efficacy as a cause for improvement in vascular access outcomes.


Assuntos
Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica , Cateteres Venosos Centrais , Falência Renal Crônica , Adulto , Idoso , Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Cateteres Venosos Centrais/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Falência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Medicare , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
8.
BMJ Open ; 12(4): e058866, 2022 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35387831

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to compare the success rates and other catheter-related parameters between peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) and non-tunnelled ultrasound-guided central venous catheters (USG-CVCs) including femoral, jugular, brachiocephalic and subclavian lines. DESIGN: This was a retrospective observational study. SETTING: The study was performed in a level III neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in Qatar, as a single-site study. PARTICIPANTS: This study included 1333 neonates who required CVC insertion in the NICU from January 2016 to December 2018. Of those, we had 1264 PICCs and 69 non-tunnelled USG-CVCs. OUTCOME MEASURES: The success rate and other catheter-related complications in the two groups. RESULTS: The overall success rate was 88.4% in the USG-CVCs (61/69) compared with 90% in the PICCs (1137/1264) group (p=0.68). However, the first prick success rate was 69.4% in USG-CVCs (43/69) compared with 63.6% in the PICCs (796/1264) group. Leaking and central line-associated blood stream infection (CLABSI) were significantly higher in the USG-CVC group compared with the PICC group (leaking 16.4% vs 2.3%, p=0.0001) (CLABSI 8.2% vs 3.1%, p=0.03). CLABSI rates in the PICC group were 1.75 per 1000 catheter days in 2016 and 3.3 in 2017 compared with 6.91 in 2016 (p=0.0001) and 14.32 in 2017 (p=0.0001) for the USG-CVCs. USG-CVCs had to be removed due to catheter-related complications in 52.5% of the cases compared with 29.9% in PICCs, p=0.001. In 2018, we did not have any non-tunnelled USG-CVCs insertions in our NICU. CONCLUSIONS: The overall complication rate, CLABSI and leaking are significantly higher in non-tunnelled USG-CVCs compared with the PICCs. However, randomised controlled trials with larger sample sizes are desired. Proper central venous device selection and timing, early PICC insertion and early removal approach, dedicated vascular access team development, proper central venous line maintenance, central line simulation workshops and US-guided insertions are crucial elements for patient safety in NICU.


Assuntos
Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter , Cateterismo Venoso Central , Cateterismo Periférico , Cateteres Venosos Centrais , Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/epidemiologia , Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/etiologia , Cateterismo Venoso Central/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Periférico/efeitos adversos , Cateteres Venosos Centrais/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção
9.
Br J Nurs ; 31(8): S4-S13, 2022 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35439068

RESUMO

In the past decade, cyanoacrylate glue has been progressively introduced into the clinical practice of venous access devices used for different purposes. Glue has been used to increase device stabilisation (to reduce the risk of catheter dislodgement), to seal the exit site (to both reduce local bleeding and decrease the risk of bacterial contamination) and to close skin incisions required for the insertion of tunnelled catheters or totally implanted venous ports. For many of these purposes, the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of cyanoacrylate glue has been demonstrated, while some indications are still controversial. This article reports on 10 years of clinical experience with cyanoacrylate glue in a large university hospital, and provides a narrative review of the scientific evidence on the benefits of glue in venous access that has been accumulating over the past decade.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Venoso Central , Cateterismo Periférico , Cateteres Venosos Centrais , Cateteres de Demora , Cianoacrilatos/uso terapêutico , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos
10.
Am J Case Rep ; 23: e936290, 2022 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35368017

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Central venous catheters are indicated for a variety of conditions, including hemodynamic monitoring, hemodialysis, and long-term antibiotic and chemotherapy delivery. Several million are placed each year. Development of a fibrin sheath around the catheter is a common occurrence, with a reported incidence of 42-100% within 7 days of catheter placement. It is uncommon for these sheaths to be left in the patient upon removal of the catheter and even far more uncommon for these retained sheaths to lead to complications. CASE REPORT We present the case of a 45-year-old woman with a previous history of superior mesenteric artery syndrome and chronic protein calorie malnutrition on total parenteral nutrition through a long-term indwelling central venous catheter. She presented with concerns of persistent bacteremia despite outpatient intravenous antibiotic therapy, requiring removal of her central venous catheter. A transesophageal echocardiogram was performed to rule out infective endocarditis. Findings showed a highly mobile mass extending from the superior vena cava into the right atrium, most consistent with a retained catheter-related sheath. Due to concern for this being a nidus of her persistent bacteremia, she underwent mechanical thrombectomy, with excellent results and subsequent clearing of her bacteremia. CONCLUSIONS Placement of central venous catheters is becoming a commonplace occurrence, with millions placed each year. Retained catheter-related sleeves are a potential complication, with further research needed to help determine the clinical significance and best treatment approach.


Assuntos
Bacteriemia , Cateterismo Venoso Central , Cateteres Venosos Centrais , Bacteriemia/etiologia , Cateterismo Venoso Central/efeitos adversos , Cateteres Venosos Centrais/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Diálise Renal , Veia Cava Superior
11.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 20: eAO6497, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35416832

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the positioning of the distal tip of central venous catheters and the factors that contributed to inadequate positioning in patients admitted to intensive care. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study, with a sample of 246 medical records of patients admitted to intensive care units. A catheter position analysis form was used as an instrument for data collection. RESULTS: It was seen that 86.2% of catheters used in intensive care were centrally inserted in the internal jugular veins, 74.4% were double-lumen catheter, and ultrasound was employed for puncture technique in 84.6% of cases. Of the distal ends of the catheters, 53.7% were at the cavoatrial junction (correct position). According to statistical tests, there was a positive correlation between the inadequate positioning of the distal extremity with the central insertion catheter (p=0.012). Patients with presumptive diagnosis associated with COVID-19 showed a positive correlation with inappropriate positioning of the catheter distal tip (p=0.017). CONCLUSION: There are extrinsic factors related to improper positioning of the distal tip of catheters, such as the type of catheter used, the patients' diagnosis and the puncture with insertion in the left jugular vein.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Cateterismo Venoso Central , Cateteres Venosos Centrais , Cateteres de Demora , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Veias Jugulares/diagnóstico por imagem
14.
Ann Intern Med ; 175(4): JC47, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35377721

RESUMO

SOURCE CITATION: Swaminathan L, Flanders S, Horowitz J, et al. Safety and outcomes of midline catheters vs peripherally inserted central catheters for patients with short-term indications: a multicenter study. JAMA Intern Med. 2022;182:50-8. 34842905.


Assuntos
Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter , Cateterismo Venoso Central , Cateterismo Periférico , Cateteres Venosos Centrais , Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/prevenção & controle , Cateterismo Venoso Central/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Periférico/efeitos adversos , Cateteres Venosos Centrais/efeitos adversos , Humanos
15.
Crit Care ; 26(1): 113, 2022 04 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35449059

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To assess the usefulness of pre-operative contrast-enhanced transthoracic echocardiography (CE-TTE) and post-operative chest-x-ray (CXR) for evaluating central venous catheter (CVC) tip placements, with trans-esophageal echocardiography (TEE) as gold standard. METHODS: A prospective single-center, observational study was performed in 111 patients requiring CVC positioning into the internal jugular vein for elective cardiac surgery. At the end of CVC insertion by landmark technique, a contrast-enhanced TTE was performed by both the apical four-chambers and epigastric bicaval acoustic view to assess catheter tip position; then, a TEE was performed and considered as a reference technique. A postoperative CXR was obtained for all patients. RESULTS: As per TEE, 74 (67%) catheter tips were correctly placed and 37 (33%) misplaced. Considering intravascular and intracardiac misplacements together, they were detected in 8 patients by CE-TTE via apical four-chamber view, 36 patients by CE-TTE via epigastric bicaval acoustic view, and 12 patients by CXR. For the detection of catheter tip misplacement, CE-TTE via epigastric bicaval acoustic view was the most accurate method providing 97% sensitivity, 90% specificity, and 92% diagnostic accuracy if compared with either CE-TTE via apical four-chamber view or CXR. Concordance with TEE was 79% (p < 0.001) for CE-TTE via epigastric bicaval acoustic view. CONCLUSIONS: The concordance between CE-TTE via epigastric bicaval acoustic view and TEE suggests the use of the former as a standard technique to ensure the correct positioning of catheter tip after central venous cannulation to optimize the use of hospital resources and minimize radiation exposure.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Venoso Central , Cateteres Venosos Centrais , Cateterismo Venoso Central/métodos , Ecocardiografia , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos
16.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 4: CD013554, 2022 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35363884

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with kidney failure require vascular access to receive maintenance haemodialysis (HD), which can be achieved by an arteriovenous fistula or a central venous catheter (CVC). CVC use is related to frequent complications such as venous stenosis and infection. Venous stenosis occurs mainly due to trauma caused by the entrance of the catheter into the venous lumen and repeated contact with the vein wall.  A biofilm, a colony of irreversible adherent and self-sufficient micro-organisms embedded in a self-produced matrix of exopolysaccharides, is associated with the development of infections in patients with indwelling catheters. Despite its clinical relevance, the treatment of catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs) in patients receiving maintenance HD remains controversial, especially regarding catheter management. Antibiotic lock solutions may sterilise the catheter, treat the infection and prevent unnecessary catheter procedures. However, such treatment may also lead to antibiotic resistance or even clinical worsening in certain more virulent pathogens. Catheter removal and delayed replacement may remove the source of infection, improving infectious outcomes, but this approach may also increase vascular access stenosis, thrombosis or both, or even central vein access failure. Catheter guidewire exchange attempts to remove the source of infection while maintaining access to the same vein and, therefore, may improve clinical outcomes and preserve central veins for future access. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms of different interventions for CRBSI treatment in patients receiving maintenance HD through a permanent CVC, such as systemic antibiotics alone or systemic antibiotics combined with either lock solutions or catheter guidewire exchange or catheter replacement. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Kidney and Transplant Register of Studies up to 21 December 2021 through contact with the Information Specialist using search terms relevant to this review. Studies in the Register were identified through searches of CENTRAL, MEDLINE, and EMBASE, conference proceedings, the International Clinical Trials Register (ICTRP) Search Portal, and ClinicalTrials.gov. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included all randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi-RCTs evaluating the management of CRBSI in permanent CVCs in people receiving maintenance HD. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two authors independently selected studies for inclusion, assessed their risk of bias, and performed data extraction. Results were expressed as risk ratios (RR) or hazard ratios (HR) for dichotomous outcomes and mean difference (MD) for continuous outcomes, with their 95% confidence intervals (CI). The certainty of the evidence was assessed using GRADE. MAIN RESULTS: We identified two RCTs and one quasi-RCT that enrolled 760 participants addressing the treatment of CRBSIs in people (children and adults) receiving maintenance HD through CVC. No two studies compared the same interventions. The quasi-RCT compared two different lock solutions (tissue plasminogen activator (TPA) and heparin) with concurrent systemic antibiotics. One RCT compared systemic antibiotics alone and in association with an ethanol lock solution, and the other compared systemic antibiotics with different catheter management strategies (guidewire exchange versus removal and replacement). The overall certainty of the evidence was downgraded due to the small number of participants, high risk of bias in many domains, especially randomisation, allocation, and other sources of bias, and missing outcome data. It is uncertain whether an ethanol lock solution used with concurrent systemic antibiotics improved CRBSI eradication compared to systemic antibiotics alone (RR 1.61, 95% CI 1.16 to 2.23) because the certainty of this evidence is very low. There were no reported differences between the effects of TPA and heparin lock solutions on cure rates (RR 0.92, 95% CI 0.74 to 1.15) or between catheter guidewire exchange versus catheter removal with delayed replacement, expressed as catheter infection-free survival (HR 0.88, 95% CI 0.43 to 1.79). To date, no results are available comparing other interventions. Outcomes such as venous stenosis and/or thrombosis, antibiotic resistance, death, and adverse events were not reported. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: Currently, there is no available high certainty evidence to support one treatment over another for CRBSIs. The benefit of using ethanol lock treatment in combination with systemic antibiotics compared to systemic antibiotics alone for CRBSIs in patients receiving maintenance HD remains uncertain due to the very low certainty of the evidence. Hence, further RCTs to identify the benefits and harms of CRBSI treatment options are needed. Future studies should unify CRBSI and cure definitions and improve methodological design.


Assuntos
Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter , Cateteres Venosos Centrais , Sepse , Adulto , Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/etiologia , Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/prevenção & controle , Cateteres Venosos Centrais/efeitos adversos , Criança , Heparina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos , Sepse/tratamento farmacológico
17.
Tomography ; 8(2): 1033-1040, 2022 04 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35448717

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The ideal central venous catheter (CVC) tip position placement is controversial, and CVCs do not remain in a fixed position after placement. This study evaluates both patient and procedural factors which may influence CVC tip migration and subsequent catheter dysfunction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study evaluates CVC placements at a single institution. Patient age, gender, body mass index (BMI), catheter laterality, CVC type and indication for central venous access were recorded. Catheter tip location relative to the carina was measured at time of placement and removal utilizing supine fluoroscopic imaging. Patients' electronic medical records were reviewed for evidence of catheter dysfunction. Statistical analysis was performed utilizing odds ratios and two tailed Student's t-test. RESULTS: 177 patients were included (101 female; mean age 55; mean BMI 29.2). Catheter types included 122 ports, 50 tunneled large bore central venous catheters (≥9 French), and 5 tunneled small bore central venous catheters (<9 French). 127 were right sided catheters, and 50 were left sided. Left sided CVCs had a mean cranial tip migration of 3.2 cm (standard deviation ±2.9 cm) compared to 0.8 cm (standard deviation ±1.9 cm) for right sided catheters (p = 0.000008). Catheters that migrated cranially by >2 cm had more than 7× greater risk of dysfunction compared to catheters that migrated ≤2 cm (odds ratio of 7.2; p = 0.0001). Left sided CVCs were significantly more likely to have >2 cm of cranial migration (odds ratio 6.9, 95% CI 3.4-14.2, p < 0.0001) and had a higher rate of dysfunction, likely due to this cranial migration (32% vs. 4.7%; p = 0.00001). Gender and BMI were not found to be associated with catheter dysfunction or an increased odds ratio of >2 cm cranial migration. CONCLUSIONS: Left-sided CVCs migrate an average of 2.4 cm cranially more than right-sided catheters. Additionally, when migration occurs, left-sided catheters are more likely to be dysfunctional. These suggest that lower initial placement may be beneficial in left-sided catheters.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Venoso Central , Cateteres Venosos Centrais , Cateterismo Venoso Central/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Venoso Central/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Veias Jugulares/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
18.
J Med Vasc ; 47(1): 11-18, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35393086

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In cancer patients with catheter-associated upper extremity deep vein thrombosis, 3 months of anticoagulation is recommended. The main objective of this study was to compare the incidence of thrombosis recurrence in these patients in case of continuation or discontinuation of anticoagulation, at the end of 3 months and after catheter has been removed. The secondary objectives were the incidence of major bleeding and death. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study including patients with a cancer and a catheter-associated upper extremity deep vein thrombosis. RESULTS: About 60 patients included, 44 stopped anticoagulation after the first 3 months and 16 continued it. The median time between catheter insertion and deep vein thrombosis was 26±83 days. Three recurrences occurred during the one-year follow-up: 2 in the group who stopped anticoagulation, with a cumulative incidence at 1 year of 4,8% (95%IC 1.2-18.1) and 1 in the group who continued anticoagulation, with a cumulative incidence at 1 year of 14.3% (95%IC 2.1-66.6). No major bleeding event occurred in anticoagulation discontinued group. The group who stopped anticoagulation was significantly associated with a lower risk of death (HR 0.21-95%IC 0.09-0.48, P<0.001). CONCLUSION: The risk of recurrence in cancer patients with a catheter-associated upper extremity deep vein thrombosis was low and statistically comparable between the group who stopped anticoagulation and the group who continued it. These results suggest that anticoagulation after the first 3 months deserves to be considered when catheter is removed.


Assuntos
Cateteres Venosos Centrais , Neoplasias , Trombose Venosa Profunda de Membros Superiores , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Cateteres Venosos Centrais/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Coortes , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Neoplasias/complicações , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Trombose Venosa Profunda de Membros Superiores/epidemiologia , Trombose Venosa Profunda de Membros Superiores/etiologia
19.
BMC Infect Dis ; 22(1): 335, 2022 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35382751

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aureobasidium melanigenum is a ubiquitous dematiaceous fungus that rarely causes invasive human infections. Here, we present a case of Aureobasidium melanigenum bloodstream infection in a 20-year-old man with long-term catheter use. CASE PRESENTATION: A 20-year-old man receiving home care with severe disabilities due to cerebral palsy and short bowel syndrome, resulting in long-term central venous catheter use, was referred to our hospital with a fever. After the detection of yeast-like cells in blood cultures on day 3, antifungal therapy was initiated. Two identification tests performed at a clinical microbiological laboratory showed different identification results: Aureobasidium pullulans from matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry, and Cryptococcus albidus from a VITEK2 system. Therefore, we changed the antifungal drug to liposomal amphotericin B. The fungus was identified as A. melanigenum by DNA sequence-based analysis. The patient recovered with antifungal therapy and long-term catheter removal. CONCLUSION: It is difficult to correctly identify A. melanigenum by routine microbiological testing. Clinicians must pay attention to the process of identification of yeast-like cells and retain A. melanigenum in cases of refractory fungal infection.


Assuntos
Cateteres Venosos Centrais , Micoses , Sepse , Adulto , Antifúngicos/uso terapêutico , Aureobasidium , Humanos , Masculino , Micoses/tratamento farmacológico , Sepse/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto Jovem
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(7): e28857, 2022 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35363188

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Surgeons generally perform Hickman catheter insertion in children under general anesthesia. At times, it is difficult to perform procedures with an anesthesiologist for an interventional radiologist. Several diagnostic and therapeutic procedures are efficiently and safely conducted using intravenous (IV) sedation in children with a pediatrician. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of radiologically placed Hickman catheters using IV sedation in children under 20 kg.Fifty-nine catheters were inserted in 45 children under IV sedation. With continuous monitoring of vital signs, IV midazolam and ketamine were slowly infused by a pediatrician. Mean age and body weights were 3.2 years and 15.2 kg, respectively. Acute leukemia was the most common disease for the procedure (72.9%). The location of the catheter tip was evaluated by measuring the height of the thoracic vertebra.Technical success rate was 100%, and IV sedation-related complications did not occur. The right internal jugular vein was accessed for 51 catheters (86.4%), and the mean procedure time was 21.5 minutes. The 2 vertebral body units below the carina were the cavoatrial junction on a fluoroscopy image. Mean catheter life was 285 days, and catheters were removed post-treatment (35.6%). During follow-up, complications occurred in 29 cases (1.72 per 1000 catheter-days). Catheter-related infections were suspected in 4 patients (6.8%), with 1 positive result.Radiological Hickman catheter placement in children under 20 kg using IV sedation by pediatricians is effective and safe, with minimal complications. The carina is a landmark to estimate the cavoatrial junction in pediatric patients.


Assuntos
Anestesia , Cateterismo Venoso Central , Cateteres Venosos Centrais , Cateterismo Venoso Central/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Venoso Central/métodos , Cateteres de Demora , Criança , Humanos , Veias Jugulares
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