Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 6.529
Filtrar
1.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 113(8-9): 513-524, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32680737

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Closure of patent foramen ovale is well-managed in adults, but is performed less frequently in children. AIM: To analyse all patent foramen ovale closures performed in the past 20 years in French paediatric centres. METHODS: Retrospective study of patent foramen ovale closures in children without cardiopathy in nine centres between 2000 and 2019. RESULTS: Forty-one procedures were carried out in children (median age: 14.9 years). Thirty-one patent foramen ovales were closed after a transient ischaemic attack or stroke, six for a left-to-right shunt and four for other reasons. Transthoracic echocardiography was used for 72.2% of the diagnoses and transoesophageal echocardiography for 27.8%. A substantial degree of shunting was found in 42.9% of patients and an atrial septal aneurysm in 56.2%. General anaesthesia with transoesophageal echocardiography guidance was performed in 68.3% of the procedures; local anaesthesia and transthoracic echocardiography or intracardiac echocardiography was performed in 31.7%. The success rate was 100%. The median fluoroscopy time was 4.14minutes: 3.55minutes with transoesophageal echocardiography; and 4.38minutes with transthoracic echocardiography (P=0.67). There was only one periprocedural complication (2.4%). Postoperatively, 80,5% of patients were treated with aspirin and 12,2% with an anticoagulant. The rate of complete occlusion was 56.8% immediately after the procedure, 68.6% at 1 year and 92.3% at the last follow-up. There were no delayed complications or cases of recurrent stroke during follow-up (median follow-up: 568 days). CONCLUSION: Closure of patent foramen ovale in children appears to be safe and effective, as we noted a low rate of immediate complications, no delayed complications and no stroke recurrence in this indication.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Forame Oval Patente/terapia , Dispositivo para Oclusão Septal , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Forame Oval Patente/complicações , Forame Oval Patente/diagnóstico por imagem , França , Humanos , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/etiologia , Masculino , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 113(8-9): 503-512, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32718809

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Percutaneous device closure of atrial septal defect (ASD) is the gold-standard treatment, but several delayed complications may occur as a result of incomplete device endothelialisation. AIMS: In this in vitro study, we compared three ASD closure devices [Nit-Occlud® ASD-R (device 1); Hyperion™ ASDO (device 2); and Amplatzer™ Septal Occluder (device 3)] in terms of the endothelialisation process, using human endothelial progenitors cells (EPCs), and haemocompatibility. METHODS: EPCs from umbilical cord blood were extracted, cultured and characterised. Device samples were seeded with 100,000 cells/cm2. EPC adhesion was investigated at 3 and 24hours, and EPC proliferation was monitored, which allowed longitudinal follow-up (days 1-12). Haemocompatibility of device samples was assessed using a complement C3a assay and platelet and coagulation activation. RESULTS: With regard to EPC adhesion and proliferation, no statistically significant differences were found between the three devices. We observed for each device a significant time-dependent EPC proliferation, appearing at day 8 for devices 2 and 3 and day 10 for device 1. No complement or platelet activation occurred within 15minutes of contact with devices. However, there was minimal activation of coagulation for the three devices. CONCLUSIONS: In this in vitro study we showed that, despite the three ASD occluders having different device designs and coatings, adhesion and proliferation of human endothelial cells was similar for all devices. This should be further confirmed by similar studies including shear stress forces and anti-thrombotic treatments.


Assuntos
Coagulação Sanguínea , Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Ativação do Complemento , Células Progenitoras Endoteliais/patologia , Ativação Plaquetária , Reepitelização , Dispositivo para Oclusão Septal , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Adesão Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Células Progenitoras Endoteliais/metabolismo , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Desenho de Prótese , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
3.
Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol ; 13(8): e008512, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32634027

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endocardial-epicardial dissociation and focal breakthroughs in humans with atrial fibrillation (AF) have been recently demonstrated using activation mapping of short 10-second AF segments. In the current study, we used simultaneous endo-epi phase mapping to characterize endo-epi activation patterns on long segments of human persistent AF. METHODS: Simultaneous intraoperative mapping of endo- and epicardial lateral right atrium wall was performed in patients with persistent AF using 2 high-density grid catheters (16 electrodes, 3 mm spacing). Filtered unipolar and bipolar electrograms of continuous 2-minute AF recordings and electrodes locations were exported for phase analyses. We defined endocardial-epicardial dissociation as phase difference of ≥20 ms between paired endo-epi electrodes. Wavefronts were classified as rotations, single wavefronts, focal waves, or disorganized activity as per standard criteria. Endo-Epi wavefront patterns were simultaneously compared on dynamic phase maps. Complex fractionated electrograms were defined as bipolar electrograms with ≥5 directional changes occupying at least 70% of sample duration. RESULTS: Fourteen patients with persistent AF undergoing cardiac surgery were included. Endocardial-epicardial dissociation was seen in 50.3% of phase maps with significant temporal heterogeneity. Disorganized activity (Endo: 41.3% versus Epi: 46.8%, P=0.0194) and single wavefronts (Endo: 31.3% versus Epi: 28.1%, P=0.129) were the dominant patterns. Transient rotations (Endo: 22% versus Epi: 19.2%, P=0.169; mean duration: 590±140 ms) and nonsustained focal waves (Endo: 1.2% versus Epi: 1.6%, P=0.669) were also observed. Apparent transmural migration of rotational activations (n=6) from the epi- to the endocardium was seen in 2 patients. Electrogram fractionation was significantly higher in the epicardium than endocardium (61.2% versus 51.6%, P<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Simultaneous endo-epi phase mapping of prolonged human persistent AF recordings shows significant Endocardial-epicardial dissociation marked temporal heterogeneity, discordant and transitioning wavefronts patterns and complex fractionations. No sustained focal activity was observed. Such complex 3-dimensional interactions provide insight into why endocardial mapping alone may not fully characterize the AF mechanism and why endocardial ablation may not be sufficient. Graphic Abstract: A graphic abstract is available for this article.


Assuntos
Potenciais de Ação , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Endocárdio/fisiopatologia , Mapeamento Epicárdico , Frequência Cardíaca , Pericárdio/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Cateteres Cardíacos , Mapeamento Epicárdico/instrumentação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Fatores de Tempo
4.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(1): e008320, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32525412

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Harmony transcatheter pulmonary valve (TPV) was designed for treatment of postoperative pulmonary valve regurgitation in patients with repaired right ventricular outflow tracts. METHODS: The Native TPV EFS (Early Feasibility Study) is a prospective, multicenter, nonrandomized feasibility study. Three-year outcomes are reported. RESULTS: Of 20 implanted patients, 17 completed 3-year follow-up (maximum: 4.1 years). There were no deaths and 2 early explants. One patient did not complete the 3-year visit. In patients with available 3-year echocardiographic data, 1 had a mild paravalvular leak and the rest had none/trace; 1 patient had mild pulmonary valve regurgitation and the remainder had none/trace. The 3-year mean right ventricular outflow tract echocardiographic gradient was 15.7±5.5 mm Hg. Radiographically, no late frame fractures or erosions were identified. At 2 years, 2 patients presented with an increased echocardiographic outflow gradient (1 mixed lesion with moderate/severe pulmonary valve regurgitation). Computed tomography scans identified neointimal tissue ingrowth within the stent frame in both patients, and they were treated successfully with a transcatheter valve-in-valve procedure (Melody TPV). Additional follow-up computed tomography scans performed at 3.2±0.5 years after implant were obtained in 16 patients and revealed luminal tissue thickening at the inflow and outflow portion of the frame with no significant alteration of the valve housing. CONCLUSIONS: Three-year results from the Native TPV EFS revealed stable Harmony TPV device position, good valve function in most, and the absence of moderate/severe paravalvular leak and significant late frame fractures. Two patients developed significant neointimal proliferation requiring valve-in-valve treatment, while all others had no clinically significant right ventricular outflow tract obstruction. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01762124.


Assuntos
Bioprótese , Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Insuficiência da Valva Pulmonar/cirurgia , Valva Pulmonar/cirurgia , Obstrução do Fluxo Ventricular Externo/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Canadá , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Falha de Prótese , Valva Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Pulmonar/etiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
5.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(6): 504-509, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32552506

RESUMO

Transcatheter treatment is becoming the mainstay treatment for structural heart diseases (SHD) in prohibitive surgical risk patients. Recently with the encouraging results, it is being offered to regular risk patients. Peripheral vascular complications (VCs) are still inherent to these procedures due to the nature of this atherosclerotic high-risk group and the profile of the devices. This is a single-center early first year experience with such events occurring after initiating a SHD program treating severe aortic stenosis, aortic regurgitation, mitral valve prolapse and regurgitation, as well as paravalvular leaks. Out of 33 patients in this time period, 5 developed PV complications which are detailed in this article with their associated risk factors and management. These include access-related complications, closure device issues, arterial rupture post device embolization, and vessel dissection. Vascular complications of those procedures take special interest since they are associated with a worse long-term prognosis. Thus, prevention with proper planning remains of essence along with multidisciplinary management.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Periférico/efeitos adversos , Cardiopatias/terapia , Doenças Vasculares/etiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Cateterismo Periférico/instrumentação , Feminino , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Líbano , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Doenças Vasculares/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Vasculares/terapia
6.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(6): e008903, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32513014

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intentional laceration of the anterior mitral leaflet (LAMPOON) is an effective adjunct to transcatheter mitral valve replacement that prevents left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction. To date, LAMPOON has been performed in over 150 patients using a retrograde approach that can be technically challenging. A modified antegrade transseptal technique may simplify the procedure. METHODS: Antegrade LAMPOON was developed and tested in nonsurvival pig experiments. Thereafter, antegrade LAMPOON was performed in patients at prohibitive risk of LVOT obstruction. Clinical, procedural, and angiographic details were abstracted from medical records of their index procedure, and were compared with findings in comparable patients at risk of fixed-LVOT obstruction in the LAMPOON investigational device exemption trial. RESULTS: Eight patients at risk of fixed LVOT obstruction underwent antegrade LAMPOON. Leaflet traversal and laceration were technically successful in all. There were no cases of clinically significant LVOT obstruction (mean LVOT gradient at discharge: 5.4±1.4 mm Hg). One patient suffered a ventricular wire perforation, unrelated to the antegrade LAMPOON technique, and did not survive to discharge. At the time of discharge, no patients had an increase of >10 mm Hg in LVOT gradient compared with baseline. Procedure times (from traversal to transcatheter mitral valve replacement) were shorter, compared with the retrograde technique in the LAMPOON investigational device exemption trial (39±09 versus 65±35 minutes). All patients survived (8/8, 100%) the procedure, and 7/8 (88%) survived to 30 days, similar to subjects in the LAMPOON investigational device exemption trial. CONCLUSIONS: Antegrade LAMPOON is an effective, reproducible, and simplified strategy to lacerate the anterior leaflet before transcatheter mitral valve replacement. The authors recommend the technique as the new standard for LAMPOON.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Obstrução do Fluxo Ventricular Externo/prevenção & controle , Animais , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Humanos , Masculino , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Modelos Animais , Duração da Cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Sus scrofa , Pesquisa Médica Translacional , Resultado do Tratamento , Obstrução do Fluxo Ventricular Externo/etiologia , Obstrução do Fluxo Ventricular Externo/fisiopatologia
7.
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis ; 30(8): 1365-1374, 2020 07 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32513574

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: The number of percutaneous edge-to-edge mitral regurgitation (MR) valve repairs with MitraClip® implantations increased exponentially in recent years. Studies have suggested an obesity survival paradox in patients with cardiovascular diseases. We investigated the influence of obesity on adverse in-hospital outcomes in patients with MitraClip® implantation. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed data on characteristics of patients and in-hospital outcomes for all percutaneous mitral valve repairs using the edge-to-edge MitraClip®-technique in Germany 2011-2015 stratified for obesity vs. normal-weight/over-weight. The nationwide inpatient sample comprised 13,563 inpatients undergoing MitraClip® implantations. Among them, 1017 (7.5%) patients were coded with obesity. Obese patients were younger (75 vs.77 years,P < 0.001), more often female (45.4% vs.39.5%,P < 0.001), had more often heart failure (87.1% vs.79.2%,P < 0.001) and renal insufficiency (67.0% vs.56.4%,P < 0.001). Obese and non-obese patients were comparable regarding major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) and in-hospital death. The combined endpoint of cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR), mechanical ventilation and death was more often reached in non-obese than in obese patients with a trend towards significance (20.6%vs.18.2%,P = 0.066). Obesity was an independent predictor of reduced events regarding the combined endpoint of CPR, mechanical ventilation and death (OR 0.75, 95%CI 0.64-0.89,P < 0.001), but not for reduced in-hospital mortality (P = 0.355) or reduced MACCE rate (P = 0.108). Obesity class III was associated with an elevated risk for pulmonary embolism (OR 5.66, 95%CI 1.35-23.77,P = 0.018). CONCLUSIONS: We observed an obesity paradox regarding the combined endpoint of CPR, mechanical ventilation and in-hospital death in patients undergoing MitraClip® implantation, but our results failed to confirm an impact of obesity on in-hospital survival or MACCE.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Cardíaco/mortalidade , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/mortalidade , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/mortalidade , Obesidade/diagnóstico , Obesidade/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Desenho de Prótese , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 36(9): 1659-1666, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32363448

RESUMO

Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) remains challenging to be assessed by echocardiography. We sought to explore the relationship between left atrial strain and left ventricular (LV) diastolic function in patients with normal left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) by invasive left-heart catheterization. 55 consecutive individuals with LVEF > 50% underwent LV catheterization. Standard transthoracic echocardiography was performed during 12 h before or after the procedure. Left atrial (LA) strain were obtained by speckle tracking echocardiography. When LVEF ≥ 50%, the group with elevated left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) (n = 35) showed decreased left atrial reservoir strain (LASr) (35.2 ± 7.7% vs 21.3 ± 7.2%, p < 0.001), left atrial conduit strain (LASct) (17.6 ± 6.3% vs 11.9 ± 4.1%, p < 0.001), left atrial contraction strain (LAScd) (16.6 ± 7.2% vs 9.5 ± 5.0%, p < 0.001) and increased E/e' ration(8.9 ± 2.6 vs 10.1 ± 3.5, p = 0.17). LVEDP negatively correlated with LASr (R = 0.662, p < 0.001), LASct (R = 0.575, p < 0.001) and LAScd (R = 0.456, p < 0.001), but not with E/e'. LASr, LASct and LAScd were all independent predictors of elevated LVEDP (p < 0.05), with a higher C-statistic for the model including LASr (0.95, 0.86 and 0.93 respectively). The area under the curve (AUC) for LASr is 0.914 (cutoff value is 26.7%, sensitivity is 90%, specificity is 82.9%). In patients with normal LV ejection fraction, left atrial strain presented good correlation with LVEDP, and LASr was superior to LASct and LAScd to predict LVEDP. LA strain demonstrated better agreement with the invasive reference than E/e'.


Assuntos
Função do Átrio Esquerdo , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Volume Sistólico , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Pressão Ventricular , Idoso , Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Cateteres Cardíacos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Transdutores de Pressão , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia
9.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 36(8): 1395-1406, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32409977

RESUMO

Immediate assessment of coronary microcirculation during treatment of ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) may facilitate patient stratification for targeted treatment algorithms. Use of pressure-wire to measure the index of microcirculatory resistance (IMR) is possible but has inevitable practical restrictions. We aimed to develop and validate angiography-derived index of microcirculatory resistance (IMRangio) as a novel and pressure-wire-free index to facilitate assessment of the coronary microcirculation. 45 STEMI patients treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) were enrolled. Immediately before stenting and at completion of pPCI, IMR was measured within the infarct related artery (IRA). At the same time points, 2 angiographic views were acquired during hyperaemia to measure quantitative flow ratio (QFR) from which IMRangio was derived. In a subset of 15 patients both IMR and IMRangio were also measured in the non-IRA. Patients underwent cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) at 48 h for assessment of microvascular obstruction (MVO). IMRangio and IMR were significantly correlated (ρ: 0.85, p < 0.001). Both IMR and IMRangio were higher in the IRA rather than in the non-IRA (p = 0.01 and p = 0.006, respectively) and were higher in patients with evidence of clinically significant MVO (> 1.55% of left ventricular mass) (p = 0.03 and p = 0.005, respectively). Post-pPCI IMRangio presented and area under the curve (AUC) of 0.96 (CI95% 0.92-1.00, p < 0.001) for prediction of post-pPCI IMR > 40U and of 0.81 (CI95% 0.65-0.97, p < 0.001) for MVO > 1.55%. IMRangio is a promising tool for the assessment of coronary microcirculation. Assessment of IMR without the use of a pressure-wire may enable more rapid, convenient and cost-effective assessment of coronary microvascular function.


Assuntos
Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Circulação Coronária , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Microcirculação , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Resistência Vascular , Idoso , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/instrumentação , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo , Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Cateteres Cardíacos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Vasos Coronários/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Interpretação de Imagem Radiográfica Assistida por Computador , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/fisiopatologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Stents , Transdutores de Pressão
10.
Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol ; 13(6): e008580, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32372696

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulsed field ablation (PFA) is a nonthermal energy that may provide safety advantages over radiofrequency ablation (RFA). One-shot PFA catheters have been developed for pulmonary vein isolation, but they do not permit flexible lesion sets. This study investigated a novel lattice-tip catheter designed for focal RFA or PFA ablation. METHODS: The effects of PFA (biphasic, 24 amperes) were investigated in 25 swine using a lattice-tip catheter and system (Affera Inc). Step 1 (n=14) examined the feasibility to create atrial line of block and described its acute effects on the phrenic nerve and esophagus. Step 2 (n=7) examined the subacute effects of PFA on block durability, phrenic nerve, and esophagus ≥2 weeks. Step 3 compared the effects of PFA and RFA on the esophagus using a mechanical deviation model approximating the esophagus to the right atrium (n=4) and by direct ablation within its lumen (n=4). The effects of endocardial PFA and RFA on the phrenic nerve were also compared (n=10). Histological analysis was performed. RESULTS: PFA produced acute block in 100% of lines, achieved with 2.1 (1.3-3.2) applications/cm line. Histological analysis following (35 [18-37]) days showed 100% transmurality (thickness range 0.4-3.4 mm) with a lesion width of 19.4 (10.9-27.4 mm). PFA selectively affected cardiomyocytes but spared blood vessels and nervous tissue. PFA applied from the posterior atria (23 [21-25] applications) to the approximated esophagus (6 [4.5-14] mm) produced transmural lesions without esophageal injury. PFA (16.5 [15-18] applications) applied inside the esophageal lumen produced mild edema compared with RFA (13 [12-14] applications) which produced epithelial ulcerations. PFA resulted in no or transient stunning of the phrenic nerve (<5 minutes) without histological changes while RFA produced paralysis. CONCLUSIONS: PFA using a lattice-tip ablation catheter for focal ablation produced durable atrial lesions and showed lower vulnerability to esophageal or phrenic nerve damage compared with RFA.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Cateteres Cardíacos , Ablação por Cateter/instrumentação , Eletrodos , Átrios do Coração/cirurgia , Animais , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Desenho de Equipamento , Esôfago/lesões , Esôfago/patologia , Átrios do Coração/patologia , Átrios do Coração/fisiopatologia , Traumatismos dos Nervos Periféricos/etiologia , Traumatismos dos Nervos Periféricos/patologia , Nervo Frênico/lesões , Nervo Frênico/patologia , Sus scrofa , Fatores de Tempo
11.
Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol ; 13(6): e008718, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32383391

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The tissue selectivity of pulsed field ablation (PFA) provides safety advantages over radiofrequency ablation in treating atrial fibrillation. One-shot PFA catheters have been shown capable of performing pulmonary vein isolation, but not flexible lesion sets such as linear lesions. A novel lattice-tip ablation catheter with a compressible 9-mm nitinol tip is able to deliver either focal radiofrequency ablation or PFA lesions, each in 2 to 5 s. METHODS: In a 3-center, single-arm, first-in-human trial, the 7.5F lattice catheter was used with a custom mapping system to treat paroxysmal or persistent atrial fibrillation. Toggling between energy sources, point-by-point pulmonary vein encirclement was performed using biphasic PFA posteriorly and either temperature-controlled irrigated radiofrequency ablation or PFA anteriorly (RF/PF or PF/PF, respectively). Linear lesions were created using either PFA or radiofrequency ablation. RESULTS: The 76-patient cohort included 55 paroxysmal and 21 persistent atrial fibrillation patients undergoing either RF/PF (40 patients) or PF/PF (36 patients) ablation. The pulmonary vein isolation therapy duration time (transpiring from first to last lesion) was 22.6±8.3 min/patient, with a mean of 50.1 RF/PF lesions/patient. Linear lesions included 14 mitral (4 RF/2 RF+PF/8 PF), 34 left atrium roof (12 RF/22 PF), and 44 cavotricuspid isthmus (36 RF/8 PF) lines, with therapy duration times of 5.1±3.5, 1.8±2.3, and 2.4±2.1 min/patient, respectively. All lesion sets were acutely successful, using 4.7±3.5 minutes of fluoroscopy. There were no device-related complications, including no strokes. Postprocedure esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed minor mucosal thermal injury in 2 of 36 RF/PF and 0 of 24 PF/PF patients. Postprocedure brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed diffusion-weighted imaging+/fluid-attenuated inversion recovery- and diffusion-weighted imaging+/fluid-attenuated inversion recovery+ asymptomatic lesions in 5 and 3 of 51 patients, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: A novel lattice-tip catheter could safely and rapidly ablate atrial fibrillation using either a combined RF/PF approach (capitalizing on the safety of PFA and the years of experience with radiofrequency energy) or an entirely PF approach. Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifiers: NCT04141007 and NCT04194307.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Cateteres Cardíacos , Ablação por Cateter/instrumentação , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Irrigação Terapêutica/instrumentação , Potenciais de Ação , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , República Tcheca , Técnicas Eletrofisiológicas Cardíacas , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Lituânia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Veias Pulmonares/fisiopatologia , Irrigação Terapêutica/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(8): 104860, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32430239

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent published trials have shown the efficacy of transcatheter closure of patent foramen ovale (PFO) for preventing recurrent cryptogenic cerebrovascular events. However, the risk of recurrent cerebrovascular events (rCVEs) is up to 5.7%, and the etiology is unclear. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the risk factors for rCVEs after closure of PFO during long-term follow-up. METHODS: In our center, 282 consecutive patients underwent PFO closure because of a cryptogenic cerebrovascular event between 2006 and 2014. Their Risk of Paradoxical Embolism (RoPE) score was calculated retrospectively. We followed up with the patients by telephone, using hospital records to identify those who suffered from rCVEs. Patients with rCVEs were matched with two control patients of the same sex and RoPE score without rCVEs who underwent PFO closure at approximately the same time. The patients with rCVEs and controls participated in a clinical examination, including contrast transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and Holter electrocardiography, to investigate the possible cause of rCVEs compared with controls. RESULTS: Fourteen (5%) out of the 282 consecutive patients who underwent PFO closure suffered from rCVEs during a mean follow-up of 8.4 years (1.7 rCVEs per 100 patient-years). The median RoPE score of the patients was 7. Recurrent CVE occurred in 3.2 patients per 100 patient-years in patients with residual shunting compared with 0.8 patients per 100 patient-years in those without residual shunt. These patients were on antiplatelet treatment or without any effective anticoagulant treatment at the time rCVE occurred. The risk ratio of rCVEs in patients with residual shunting was 2.9-times higher than in patients without residual shunting (95% CI: 1.4-6.1) at follow-up visit. Four patients who had the BioSTAR device implanted suffered from an rCVE despite lack of residual shunting. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that residual shunting and choice of the device may be the major reasons for rCVEs.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/etiologia , Forame Oval Patente/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/diagnóstico por imagem , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Forame Oval Patente/complicações , Forame Oval Patente/diagnóstico por imagem , Forame Oval Patente/fisiopatologia , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Desenho de Prótese , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Dispositivo para Oclusão Septal , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 32(3): 389-395, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32376463

RESUMO

The objective of this review is to describe the various support options available for the failing right heart with a focus on stabilization using assist devices. Right heart failure has multiple etiologies and is a strong and independent predictor of mortality and poor clinical outcomes. Early intervention with catheter- and surgical-based mechanical circulatory support can stabilize the critically ill patient and allow for right ventricular recovery.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea/instrumentação , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Coração Auxiliar , Função Ventricular Direita , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Cardíaco/mortalidade , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea/efeitos adversos , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Desenho de Prótese , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Cerebrovasc Dis ; 49(2): 124-134, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32289794

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Randomized-controlled trials (RCTs) reported a finding on the safety and efficacy of percutaneous patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure to prevent stroke recurrence. It showed that the Amplatzer (AMP) device appears to be superior to medical therapy (MT) in preventing strokes and episodes of atrial fibrillation (AF), than other devices. We performed a network meta-analysis (NMA) to evaluate the closure of PFO in preventing subsequent neurological events while investigating the results obtained by specific devices. METHODS: We searched 3 databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL/CCTR) and identified 6 RCTs until March 2019. We performed an NMA and used pooled ORs. Analyses were done in NetMetaXL1.6-WinBUGS1.4. RESULTS: Six RCTs with 3,560 patients (mean age 45.2-46.2 years) were included in the present NMA. Depending on the device, 4 groups of patients were compared with MT: 1,889 patients undergoing PFO closure were significantly less likely to experience a stroke than 1,671 patients treated with MT (ORs 0.41; 95% Cr.I. 0.27-0.60 with fixed-effects model and ORs 0.22; 95% Cr.I. 0.05-0.70 with random-effects model). The patients with AMP showed a similar risk than those treated with Helex/Cardioform (HLX/CF) or with a group of 11 multiple devices. This suggests the equality between the 2 most currently used devices. When assessing TIA and, for the safety analysis, major bleeding, both models confirm no significant difference between any devices and MT. PFO closure increased the risk of new-onset AF: MT induces AF significantly less than all the devices. In favor of the AMP, there is a reduced number of cases of AF versus MT; however, no device superiority has been established in comparing HLX/CF and other devices in a random effect model. CONCLUSIONS: Our NMA provides evidence in favor of PFO closure with all the devices currently in use. We can conclude that these devices are better than MT, but not that 1 device is better than the rest in reducing stroke recurrences and AF episodes in the follow-up.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Embolia Paradoxal/prevenção & controle , Forame Oval Patente/terapia , Embolia Intracraniana/prevenção & controle , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/prevenção & controle , Dispositivo para Oclusão Septal , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Teorema de Bayes , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Embolia Paradoxal/diagnóstico por imagem , Embolia Paradoxal/etiologia , Feminino , Forame Oval Patente/complicações , Forame Oval Patente/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Embolia Intracraniana/diagnóstico por imagem , Embolia Intracraniana/etiologia , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/diagnóstico por imagem , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metanálise em Rede , Desenho de Prótese , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
16.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(4): e008487, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32295416

RESUMO

Fractional flow reserve is the current invasive gold standard for assessing the ischemic potential of an angiographically intermediate coronary stenosis. Procedural cost and time, the need for coronary vessel instrumentation, and the need to administer adenosine to achieve maximal hyperemia remain integral components of invasive fractional flow reserve. The number of new alternatives to fractional flow reserve has proliferated over the last ten years using techniques ranging from alternative pressure wire metrics to anatomic simulation via angiography or intravascular imaging. This review article provides a critical description of the currently available or under-development alternatives to fractional flow reserve with a special focus on the available evidence, pros, and cons for each with a view towards their clinical application in the near future for the functional assessment of coronary artery disease.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco , Técnicas de Imagem Cardíaca , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Cateteres Cardíacos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Vasos Coronários/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Transdutores de Pressão
19.
Open Heart ; 7(1): e001203, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32201589

RESUMO

Aim: To evaluate the impact of preinterventional moderate-to-severe functional tricuspid regurgitation (FTR) on early outcome after percutaneous edge-to-edge mitral valve repair (pMVR) with MitraClip procedures for functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). Methods and results: From January 2013 to December 2017, 80 patients with HFrEF (ejection fraction 22%±5.3%) and FMR (grade 3.0±0.36) underwent successful pMVR. The 3-year actuarial survival was 58%. However, 73% (n=22) of non-survivors died of cardiac failure within 1 year. Patients were categorised into none-to-mild (n=36) and moderate-to-severe (n=44) postinterventional FTR groups according to pre-MitraClip tricuspid regurgitation grade. Cox regression analysis on 1-year survival demonstrated an impact of FTR severity (HR=1.8, 95% CI 1.01% to 3.09%, p=0.047), preoperative New York Heart Association class (HR=2.8, 95% CI 1.2% to 6.5%, p=0.015) and peripheral artery disease (HR=5.4, 95% CI 1.6 to 18, p=0.0054). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that 1-year cardiac death was higher in the moderate-to-severe FTR group (p=0.048). In our study, 77% of pre-MitraClip moderate-to-severe FTR cannot be significantly reduced. Post-MitraClip moderate-to-severe FTR grade was related to lower survival (p<0.001). Conclusion: In patients with HFrEF treated with MitraClip for FMR, moderate-to-severe FTR was an independent predictor of cardiac death within 1 year. To improve survival, additional therapy to residual FTR should be considered in early phase after MitraClip therapy.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Volume Sistólico , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Cardíaco/mortalidade , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/mortalidade , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Desenho de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/mortalidade
20.
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson ; 22(1): 20, 2020 03 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32213193

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Today's standard of care, in the congenital heart disease (CHD) population, involves performing cardiac catheterization under x-ray fluoroscopy and cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging separately. The unique ability of CMR to provide real-time functional imaging in multiple views without ionizing radiation exposure has the potential to be a powerful tool for diagnostic and interventional procedures. Limiting fluoroscopic radiation exposure remains a challenge for pediatric interventional cardiologists. This pilot study's objective is to establish feasibility of right (RHC) and left heart catheterization (LHC) during invasive CMR (iCMR) procedures at our institution in the CHD population. Furthermore, we aim to improve simultaneous visualization of the catheter balloon tip, MR-conditional guidewire, and cardiac/vessel anatomy during iCMR procedures. METHODS: Subjects with CHD were enrolled in a pilot study for iCMR procedures at 1.5 T with an MR-conditional guidewire. The CMR area is located adjacent to a standard catheterization laboratory. Using the interactive scanning mode for real-time control of the imaging location, a dilute gadolinium-filled balloon-tip catheter was used in combination with an MR-conditional guidewire to obtain cardiac saturations and hemodynamics. A recently developed catheter tracking technique using a real-time single-shot balanced steady-state free precession (bSSFP), flip angle (FA) 35-45°, echo time (TE) 1.3 ms, repetition time (TR) 2.7 ms, 40° partial saturation (pSAT) pre-pulse was used to visualize the gadolinium-filled balloon, MR-conditional guidewire, and cardiac structures simultaneously. MR-conditional guidewire visualization was enabled due to susceptibility artifact created by distal markers. Pre-clinical phantom testing was performed to determine the optimum imaging FA-pSAT combination. RESULTS: The iCMR procedure was successfully performed to completion in 31/34 (91%) subjects between August 1st, 2017 to December 13th, 2018. Median age and weight were 7.7 years and 25.2 kg (range: 3 months - 33 years and 8 - 80 kg). Twenty-one subjects had single ventricle (SV) anatomy: one subject was referred for pre-Glenn evaluation, 11 were pre-Fontan evaluations and 9 post-Fontan evaluations for protein losing enteropathy (PLE) and/or cyanosis. Thirteen subjects had bi-ventricular (BiV) anatomy, 4 were referred for coarctation of the aorta (CoA) evaluations, 3 underwent vaso-reactivity testing with inhaled nitric oxide, 3 investigated RV volume dimensions, two underwent branch PA stenosis evaluation, and the remaining subject was status post heart transplant. No catheter related complications were encountered. Average time taken for first pass RHC, LHC/aortic pull back, and to cross the Fontan fenestration was 5.2, 3.0, and 6.5 min, respectively. Total success rate to obtain required data points to complete Fick principle calculations for all patients was 331/337 (98%). Subjects were transferred to the x-ray fluoroscopy lab if further intervention was required including Fontan fenestration device closure, balloon angioplasty of pulmonary arteries/conduits, CoA stenting, and/or coiling of aortopulmonary (AP) collaterals. Starting with subject #10, an MR-conditional guidewire was used in all subsequent subjects (15 SV and 10 BiV) with a success rate of 96% (24/25). Real-time CMR-guided RHC (25/25 subjects, 100%), retrograde and prograde LHC/aortic pull back (24/25 subjects, 96%), CoA crossing (3/4 subjects, 75%) and Fontan fenestration test occlusion (2/3 subjects, 67%) were successfully performed in the majority of subjects when an MR-conditional guidewire was utilized. CONCLUSION: Feasibility for detailed diagnostic RHC, LHC, and Fontan fenestration test occlusion iCMR procedures in SV and BiV pediatric subjects with complex CHD is demonstrated with the aid of an MR-conditional guidewire. A novel real-time pSAT GRE sequence with optimized FA-pSAT angle has facilitated simultaneous visualization of the catheter balloon tip, MR-conditional guidewire, and cardiac/vessel anatomy during iCMR procedures.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Cateteres Cardíacos , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética Intervencionista/instrumentação , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Desenho de Equipamento , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatias Congênitas/fisiopatologia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/terapia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Imagens de Fantasmas , Projetos Piloto , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Adulto Jovem
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA