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1.
Int Heart J ; 60(5): 1030-1036, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31447463

RESUMO

Postcatheterization pseudoaneurysm is a serious complication following diagnostic or therapeutic catheterization. Because radial access is unsuitable in some situations, there is still a need to use femoral or brachial access for arterial catheterization. The aim of this study was to compare the incidence and clinical characteristics of pseudoaneurysm between brachial and femoral access. We identified patients who underwent arterial catheterization from our cardiac catheter records. A total of 5,990 cardiac catheter records and discharge summaries were reviewed, and 23 pseudoaneurysm cases were identified. Those pseudoaneurysm cases were divided into a brachial pseudoaneurysm group (n = 9) and a femoral pseudoaneurysm group (n = 14). The incidence of pseudoaneurysm was significantly higher in brachial access than in femoral access (odds ratio: 4.16, 95% confidence interval: 1.80-9.65; P < 0.001). Successful manual compression was frequently achieved in both the brachial (77.8%) and the femoral (92.9%) pseudoaneurysm groups (P = 0.295). Surgical intervention was more frequently performed in the brachial pseudoaneurysm group (22.2%) than in the femoral pseudoaneurysm group (0%) without reaching statistical significance (P = 0.07). Moreover, neurological disorders were observed only in the brachial pseudoaneurysm group (22.2%). In conclusion, the incidence of pseudoaneurysm was significantly higher in brachial access than in femoral access, indicating the potential risk of brachial access. Successful manual compression was frequently achieved in both groups, but neurological disorders were observed only in brachial access, suggesting the greater risk of brachial pseudoaneurysms.


Assuntos
Falso Aneurisma/epidemiologia , Falso Aneurisma/etiologia , Artéria Braquial , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Artéria Femoral , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Falso Aneurisma/terapia , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Tratamento Conservador/métodos , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Incidência , Japão , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Distribuição por Sexo , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J ; 15(2): 149-151, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31384379

RESUMO

Patients with advanced valvular disease may be at high or prohibitive risk for surgical management. We describe a patient with previous mitral and tricuspid valve repair and recurrent admissions for New York Heart Association Class IV heart failure symptoms due to severe mitral stenosis and severe tricuspid regurgitation. Due to her comorbidities and two previous sternotomies, the patient was at high risk for surgery. We performed a simultaneous transfemoral mitral and tricuspid valve-in-ring implantation. This is the first report of its kind using a Sapien 3 valve (Edwards Lifesciences).


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Ecocardiografia Doppler em Cores , Ecocardiografia Tridimensional , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Feminino , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/efeitos adversos , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/métodos , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Mitral/etiologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Desenho de Prótese , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Recidiva , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento , Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia
3.
Int Heart J ; 60(4): 998-1002, 2019 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257334

RESUMO

Ventricular pseudoaneurysm (PSA) is a rare, yet life-threatening complication of myocardial infarction, cardiac surgery, and transcatheter valve replacement. Although conventional surgery is the preferred treatment strategy, transcatheter closure has emerged as an effective alternative in selected candidates. In this report, we describe successful transcatheter closure of two unique cases of ventricular pseudoaneurysm (PSA): first, a complex post-myocardial infarction left ventricular PSA (LVPSA) with multi-communications, and second, a case of post-traumatic right ventricular PSA (RVPSA) following blunt chest injury caused by domestic violence.


Assuntos
Falso Aneurisma/cirurgia , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Aneurisma Cardíaco/cirurgia , Ventrículos do Coração , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Traumatismos Torácicos/complicações , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/complicações , Idoso , Falso Aneurisma/diagnóstico , Falso Aneurisma/etiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Violência Doméstica , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Aneurisma Cardíaco/diagnóstico , Aneurisma Cardíaco/etiologia , Humanos , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Traumatismos Torácicos/diagnóstico , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/diagnóstico
4.
World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg ; 10(4): 433-439, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31307309

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of the Nit-Occlud ASD-R (PFM S.R.L, La Paz, Bolivia) in the percutaneous closure of secundum atrial septal defects (ASD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty-three consecutive patients with median age of 11 years (range 3-67) and mean weight 27.1 kg (range 13-75 kg), treated in two cardiology centers between May 2007 and March 2011. RESULTS: Mean fluoroscopy time was 14 minutes (5-53), mean procedure time was 70 minutes (45-150), mean defect size, as measured by the stop-flow technique, was 17.8 mm (5.6-31), and mean stent size of the implanted device was 18 mm (6-28), which is 0.98 times the defect size. Successful closure of the ASD without major complications was achieved in 49 of 53 patients. In 71.4% of patients in whom device implantation was accomplished, there was no evidence of a persistent shunt at the completion of the procedure. This closure rate increased to 91.7% after 24 hours, with 95.8% closure after three months and 100% closure after six months. Device embolization occurred in one patient within 24 hours of implantation and required surgical device removal and ASD closure. There were no other major complications and no deaths during the period of follow-up (average 72 months; range 59-105 months). CONCLUSION: The Nit-Occlud ASD-R device is safe and effective with very good closure rates.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Comunicação Interatrial/cirurgia , Dispositivo para Oclusão Septal , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Países em Desenvolvimento , Feminino , Fluoroscopia , Seguimentos , Comunicação Interatrial/diagnóstico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Desenho de Prótese , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
5.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 35(8): 1525-1533, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31161492

RESUMO

To evaluate the usefulness of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) 3D steady state free precession (SSFP) sequence acquired at end-systole (ES) in repaired Tetralogy of Fallot (rToF) patients eligible for percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation (PPVI). Between 2012 and 2018, 78 rToF patients were selected for pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) according to CMR criteria. CMR protocol included 3D-SSFP sequence used to assess the right ventricle outflow tract (RVOT) diameters at three levels (pulmonary valve remnant, mid-portion, bifurcation) in mid-diastole (MD) or ES, RVOT length and coronary artery anatomy. In 20 rToF patients without indications for PVR (controls), 3D SSFP sequence was acquired at both cardiac phases (MD and ES) to evaluate RVOT dimension throughout the cardiac cycle. Invasive balloon sizing was recorded in patients undergoing PPVI. The 3D-SSFP sequence was performed in MD on 39 patients and in ES on other 39, of whom 26 patients met the criteria for PPVI. The latter was unsuccessful in ten patients (38%), mainly due (80% of cases) to significant size discrepancy at PV remnant and bifurcation levels (p = 0.019 and 0.037 respectively) between the measurements by 3D-SSFP in MD and those by the balloon size in systole. Significant RVOT size difference between MD and ES was present at mid-portion and bifurcation levels in the PVR candidate group, and at all three-levels in the control group (all p < 0.001). ES 3D-SSFP sequence is able to quantify RVOT dilation in rToF patients at its maximum expansion, thus improving selection of PPVI candidates.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Hemodinâmica , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Circulação Pulmonar , Insuficiência da Valva Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Tetralogia de Fallot/cirurgia , Adolescente , Valvuloplastia com Balão , Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Criança , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Feminino , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Humanos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Masculino , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Seleção de Pacientes , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Desenho de Prótese , Insuficiência da Valva Pulmonar/etiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Pulmonar/cirurgia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tetralogia de Fallot/diagnóstico por imagem , Tetralogia de Fallot/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
6.
Pediatr Cardiol ; 40(6): 1199-1207, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31218373

RESUMO

Right to left (R-L) shunts resulting in cyanosis or systemic embolization occur after the Fontan procedure. The primary modality of diagnosing these is angiography. Successful delineation of these shunts in Fontan patients using selective saline contrast transesophageal echocardiography (SCTEE) may allow for reduced radiation and contrast exposure. We hypothesized that SCTEE could accurately determine the presence, type, and semiquantitative shunt size of R-L shunts in Fontan patients. SCTEE was performed in Fontan patients undergoing angiography for clinical indications. Injections were performed in six sites: mid-Fontan, right and left pulmonary arteries, superior and inferior vena cavae, and innominate vein. R-L shunt size was subjectively graded as 0 = absent, 1 = small, and 2 = medium or large based on echo contrast density in the left atrium. SCTEE was compared to angiography. 33 patients with Fontan were studied with median age 15 years, median weight 50.1 kg, and median O2 saturation of 90% in the R-L shunt group and 95% in the no R-L shunt group. R-L shunt types included intracardiac shunts (ICS), veno-venous collaterals (VVCs), arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), and their combinations. SCTEE versus angiography results were the same for the presence, type, and size of R-L shunts in 79% (26/33). SCTEE identified shunts in 88% (29/33). Angiography identified shunts in 85% (28/33). Neither method missed any medium or large R-L shunts. SCTEE and angiography had similar accuracy. SCTEE accurately detected the presence, type, and size of R-L shunts in most Fontan patients in this study. This can be used to guide targeted angiography, reducing radiation exposure and contrast load.


Assuntos
Angiografia/métodos , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana/métodos , Técnica de Fontan/efeitos adversos , Átrios do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cianose/etiologia , Embolização Terapêutica , Feminino , Átrios do Coração/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Artéria Pulmonar/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Veia Cava Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem , Veia Cava Inferior/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
7.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 14(1): 104, 2019 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31186037

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to describe our experience with patients who underwent transcatheter closure of a post-operative ventricular septal defect (VSD). METHODS: All patients who underwent transcatheter closure of a VSD after total correction of congenital heart disease since 2012 were enrolled. Medical records were retrospectively reviewed to determine the patients' initial diagnosis, closure device used, and final outcome after device closure. RESULTS: Six patients with a median age of 17.7 years (range: 7 months-48 years) underwent transcatheter closure of an unresolved VSD. The median time interval from the initial corrective surgery to the percutaneous closure procedure was 10.4 years (range: 0.3-33.0 years). The initial diagnoses included tetralogy of Fallot (one patient), VSD (two patients), double outlet of the right ventricle (two patients), and aortic valve stenosis (one patient). The reasons for unresolved VSD (other than leakage) after corrective surgery included previous fenestration (in two patients), and iatrogenic Gerbode shunt (in one patient). Various devices were used, including the Amplatzer duct occluder I, Amplatzer duct occluder II, Amplatzer vascular plug II, and Cocoon membranous VSD occluder. Only one device was used in each patient. There were no major complications associated with the closure procedures. The immediate results were satisfactory. The median follow-up duration was 2.75 years. All cases were successful, with the exception of minimal leak in one patient. CONCLUSIONS: Transcatheter device closure of post-operative VSD can be performed using various device types of devices and is safe and effective. But more experiences are mandatory.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Comunicação Interventricular/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/complicações , Comunicação Interventricular/etiologia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Dispositivo para Oclusão Septal , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
8.
Med. infant ; 26(2): 147-150, Junio 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1016395

RESUMO

El cateterismo cardíaco en niños ha mostrado un avance significativo en las últimas décadas, transformándose de un procedimiento casi exclusivamente diagnóstico en sus inicios a un método predominantemente terapéutico en la actualidad. Para ello han contribuido la aparición de múltiples tecnologías de imágenes, así como el creciente desarrollo de materiales de muy bajo perfil y gran versatilidad que permiten el empleo de dispositivos cada vez más específicos para tratar adecuadamente un sinnúmero de enfermedades cardíacas con gran eficacia y seguridad. Esta tendencia continúa creciendo día a día, con la ayuda de nuevas modalidades de tratamiento híbrido donde cardiólogos intervencionistas y cirujanos cardiovasculares interactúan para ayudarse mutuamente, de manera tal de resolver los problemas existentes o aquellos que se van generando con el correr de los años y que afectan la vida de nuestros pacientes. Existen aún como es lógico controversias en algunos casos especiales, que se irán resolviendo paulatinamente en base a la evidencia reunida con las diferentes terapéuticas médicas utilizadas para mejorar el presente y futuro de los niños con cardiopatías (AU)


Cardiac catheterization in children has shown significant progress in recent decades, transforming from an initially almost exclusively diagnostic procedure to a predominantly therapeutic method today. The emergence of multiple imaging technologies has contributed to this progress, as has the growing development of very low-profile and highly versatile materials that allow the use of increasingly specific devices to adequately treat different types of heart disease with great efficacy and safety. This trend continues to grow day by day, with the help of new hybrid treatment modalities where interventional cardiologists and cardiovascular surgeons interact with mutual support, in order to solve existing problems or those that are generated over the years affecting the lives of our patients. Obviously, there are still controversies in specific cases, which will gradually be resolved based on the evidence that becomes available with the use of different medical therapies used to improve the present and future of children with heart disease.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Cardiopatias/cirurgia , Cardiopatias/terapia , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/tendências , Hemodinâmica
9.
Mymensingh Med J ; 28(2): 474-478, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31086170

RESUMO

Ventricular septal rupture (VSR) is an uncommon but lethal complication of acute myocardial infarction (MI). Although early surgical closure is the treatment of choice, hospital mortality after emergency surgery remains high. Transcatheter closure of post myocardial infarction ventricular septal defect (PIVSD) has emerged as a potential treatment option in selected cases. Herein, we report a case present in AFC Health FORTIS Heart Institute, Khulna, Bangladesh on 10 February 2017 of sub acute post-MI VSR that was successfully closed using an Amplatzerseptal occlude (ASD) device. The patient had undergone primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) 15 days earlier in the setting of acute MI.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Ruptura Cardíaca Pós-Infarto/etiologia , Comunicação Interventricular/etiologia , Comunicação Interventricular/cirurgia , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Ruptura do Septo Ventricular/cirurgia , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Próteses e Implantes , Dispositivo para Oclusão Septal , Resultado do Tratamento , Ruptura do Septo Ventricular/complicações , Ruptura do Septo Ventricular/etiologia
10.
EuroIntervention ; 15(6): e522-e530, 2019 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31113763

RESUMO

AIMS: This study aimed to compare outcomes in unselected patients undergoing cardiac catheterisation via transradial versus transfemoral access and standard versus ultrasound-guided arterial access. METHODS AND RESULTS: This was a prospective, randomised (radial vs. femoral and standard vs. ultrasound), 2x2 factorial trial of 1,388 patients undergoing coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention. The primary outcome was a composite of ACUITY (Acute Catheterization and Urgent Intervention Triage strategY) major bleeding, MACE (death, stroke, myocardial infarction or urgent target lesion revascularisation) and vascular complications at 30 days. Transradial access reduced the primary outcome (RR 0.37, 95% CI: 0.17-0.81; p=0.013), mostly driven by ACUITY major bleeding (RR 0.343, 95% CI: 0.123-0.959; p=0.041) when compared with the transfemoral approach. There was no difference in the primary outcome between standard and ultrasound guidance (p=0.76). Ultrasound guidance, however, reduced mean access time (93 sec vs. 111 sec; p=0.009), attempts (1.47 vs. 1.9; p<0.0001), difficult accesses (4.5% vs. 9.2%; p=0.0007), venepuncture (4.1% vs. 9.2%; p<0.0001) and improved first-pass success (73% vs. 59.7%; p<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Transradial access significantly reduced the composite outcome compared to transfemoral access. Ultrasound guidance did not reduce the primary outcome compared to the standard technique, but significantly improved the efficiency and overall success rate of arterial access.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Artéria Femoral , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Artéria Radial , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Angiografia Coronária/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Br J Radiol ; 92(1099): 20181021, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31045448

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Cardiac catheterization procedures provide tremendous benefits to modern healthcare and the benefit derived by the patient should far outweigh the radiation risk associated with a properly optimized procedure. With increasing utilization of such procedures, there is growing concern regarding the magnitude and variations of dose to patients associated with procedure complexity and techniques parameters. Therefore, this study investigated radiation dose to patients from six cardiac catheterization procedures at our facility and suggest possible initial dose values for benchmark for patient radiation dose from these procedures. This initial benchmark data will be used for clinical radiation dose management which is essential for assessing the impact of any quality improvement initiatives in the cardiac catheterization laboratory. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the dose parameters of 1000 patients who underwent various cardiac catheterization procedures: left heart catheterization (LH), percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), complex PCI, LH with complex PCI, LH with PCI and cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) pacemaker in our cardiac catheterization laboratories. Patient's clinical radiation dose data [kerma-area-product (KAP) and air-kerma at the interventional reference point (Ka,r)] and technique parameters (fluoroscopy time, tube potential, current, pulse width and number of cine images) along with demographic information (age, height and weight) were collected from the hospital's RIS (Synapse), Sensis/Syngo Dynamics and Siemens Sensis Stats Manager electronic database. Statistical analysis was performed with the IBM SPSS Modeler v. 18.1 software. RESULTS: The overall patient median age was 67.0 (range: 26.0-97.0) years and the median body mass index (BMI) was 28.8 (range: 15.9-61.7) kg/m2 . The median KAP for the LH, PCI, LH with complex PCI, complex PCI, LH with PCI and CRT-pacemaker procedures are 44.4 (4.1-203.2), 80.2 (18.9-208.5), 83.7 (48.0-246.1), 113.8 (60.9-284.5), 91.7 (6.0-426.0) and 51.1 (7.0-175.9) Gy-cm2 . The median Ka,r for the LH, PCI, LH with complex PCI, complex PCI, LH with PCI and CRT-pacemaker procedures are 701.0 (35.3-3794.0), 1384.7 (291.7-4021.8), 1607.0 (883.5-4448.3), 2260.2 (867.4-5311.9), 1589.3 (100.2-7237.4) and 463.8 (67.7-1695.9) mGy respectively. CONCLUSION: We have analyzed patient radiation doses from six commonly used procedures in our cardiac catheterization laboratories and suggested possible initial values for benchmark from these procedures for the fluoroscopy time, KAP and air-kerma at the interventional reference point based on our current practices. Our data compare well with published values reported in the literature by investigators who have also studied patient doses and established benchmark dose levels for their facilities. Procedure-specific benchmark dose data for various groups of patients can provide the motivation for monitoring practices to promote improvements in patient radiation dose optimization in the cardiac catheterization laboratories. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: We have investigated local patients' radiation doses and established benchmark radiation data which are essential for assessing the impact of any quality improvement initiatives for radiation dose optimization.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Doses de Radiação , Radiografia Intervencionista/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Fluoroscopia/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
Surg Technol Int ; 34: 321-329, 2019 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31037717

RESUMO

Tricuspid valve regurgitation is generally functional in nature due to right-sided dysfunction in the setting of left-sided concomitant cardiac disease or pulmonary hypertension. Patients living with tricuspid regurgitation often experience numerous limitations as a result of right-sided heart failure symptoms. Patients with significant tricuspid disease, whether native, repaired, or replaced valve, often present with significant symptoms but may not be ideal candidates for operation or, eventually, reoperation. Transcatheter techniques to either repair or replace the tricuspid valve are a burgeoning frontier in structural cardiac interventions. Anatomical challenges include the large and asymmetrical annulus, paucity of calcification, adjacency of the right coronary artery system, and fragility of the valve tissue. Current approaches under investigation in feasibility and early phase clinical trials include edge-to-edge repair, coaptation enhancement, annuloplasty, heterotopic caval valve implantation, and percutaneous tricuspid valve replacement. Although there are limitations to the currently available transcatheter options for the patients, the initial data demonstrate the relative safety of using existing devices with good results and functional improvement. Hopefully, the emerging interest into interventional therapy of tricuspid valve disease will bring back the "forgotten valve" into the conscience of the cardiological and surgical community. This review intends to summarize the current strategies and evidences in transcatheter tricuspid valve intervention and enlightening new avenues for future clinical studies.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Humanos , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/complicações
13.
World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg ; 10(3): 278-285, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31084308

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transcatheter device closure of ventricular septal defect (VSD) is an alternative to conventional surgical closure. Device closure of moderate to large perimembranous VSD (pmVSD) is considered technically challenging in smaller children weighing ≤10 kg. Very few studies are published on the outcomes of the same. METHODS: Descriptive single-center retrospective study. Data of 49 children ≤10 kg with moderate to large pmVSDs taken up for transcatheter device closure in our institute were analyzed and their follow-up details were reviewed. RESULTS: Of the 87 patients referred for VSD closure, 49 patients qualified for the inclusion criteria. Median age was 18 months (interquartile range: 13-22). Successful device deployment was achieved in 42 (85.7%) patients. Mean VSD size by transthoracic echocardiography was 5.98 mm (range: 4-12 mm). Mean waist size of the device used was 8.26 mm (range: 4-14 mm). There was one device embolization, requiring catheter-directed retrieval from the left ventricle and subsequent surgical referral for VSD closure. Minor complications such as device-related persistent new aortic regurgitation was noted in one patient and mild tricuspid regurgitation and transient heart block occurred in two patients each. There was no mortality or complete heart block requiring permanent pacemaker implantation immediately or during midterm follow-up (mean follow-up: 20 months; range: 6-72.5 months). CONCLUSION: Device closure of moderate to large pmVSDs in children weighing ≤10 kg is feasible and safe with a success rate of 85.7%. Careful selection of patients and avoidance of oversizing the defect makes the immediate and midterm results acceptable.


Assuntos
Peso Corporal , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Comunicação Interventricular/cirurgia , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Comunicação Interventricular/diagnóstico , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 35(8): 1453-1463, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30937683

RESUMO

To compare contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (ceMRA) and 3D steady-state free precession (SSFP) during systole and diastole for assessment of the right ventricle outflow tract (RVOT) in patients considered for percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation (PPVI) after tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) repair. We retrospectively evaluated 89 patients (male: 45, mean age 19 ± 8 years), who underwent cardiac-MRI after surgical TOF-repair. Datasets covering the whole heart in systole and diastole were acquired using ECG-gated 3D SSFP and non-gated ceMRA. Measurements were performed in SSFP-sequences and in ceMRA in the narrowest region of the RVOT to obtain the minimum, maximum and effective diameter. Invasive balloon sizing as the gold standard was available in 12 patients. The minimum diameter in diastolic SSFP, systolic SSFP and ceMRA were 21.4 mm (± 6.1 mm), 22.6 mm (± 6.2 mm) and 22.6 mm (± 6.0 mm), respectively. Maximum diameter was 29.9 mm (± 9.5 mm), 30.0 mm (± 7.0 mm) and 28.8 mm (± 8.1 mm) respectively. The effective diameter was 23.2 mm (± 5.7 mm), 27.4 mm (± 6.7 mm) and 24.4 mm (± 6.2 mm), differing significantly between diastole and systole (p < 0.0001). Measurements in ECG-gated SSFP showed a better inter- and intraobserver variability compared to measurements in non-ECG-gated ceMRA. Comparing invasive balloon sizing with our analysis, we found the highest correlation coefficients for the maximum and effective diameter measured in systolic SSFP (R = 0.99 respectively). ECG-gated 3D SSFP enables the identification and characterization of a potential landing zone for PPVI. The maximum and effective systolic diameter allow precise sizing for PPVI. Patients with TOF-repair could benefit from cardiac MRI before PPVI.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Insuficiência da Valva Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Tetralogia de Fallot/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Valvuloplastia com Balão , Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Técnicas de Imagem de Sincronização Cardíaca , Criança , Meios de Contraste/administração & dosagem , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Imagem Tridimensional , Masculino , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Desenho de Prótese , Valva Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Valva Pulmonar/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Pulmonar/etiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Pulmonar/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Pulmonar/etiologia , Estenose da Valva Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Pulmonar/cirurgia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tetralogia de Fallot/diagnóstico por imagem , Tetralogia de Fallot/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Direita , Adulto Jovem
15.
Indian Heart J ; 71(1): 74-79, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31000187

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Fractional flow reserve (FFR) using adenosine has been the gold standard in the functional assessment of intermediate coronary stenoses in the catheterization laboratory. We aim to study the correlation of adenosine-free indices such as whole cycle Pd/Pa [the ratio of mean distal coronary pressure (Pd) to the mean pressure observed in the aorta (Pa)], instantaneous wave-free ratio (iFR), and contrast-induced submaximal hyperemia (cFFR) with FFR. METHODS: This multicenter, prospective, observational study included patients with stable angina or acute coronary syndrome (>48 h since onset) with discrete intermediate coronary lesions (40-70% diameter stenosis). All patients underwent assessment of whole cycle Pd/Pa, iFR, cFFR, and FFR. We then evaluated the correlation of these indices with FFR and assessed the diagnostic efficiencies of them against FFR ≤0.80. RESULTS: Of the 103 patients from three different centers, 83 lesions were included for analysis. The correlation coefficient (r value) of whole cycle Pd/Pa, iFR, and cFFR in relation to FFR were +0.84, +0.77, and +0.70 (all p values < 0.001), respectively, and the c-statistic against FFR ≤0.80 were 0.92 (0.86-0.98), 0.89(0.81-0.97), and 0.91 (0.85-0.97) (all p values < 0.001), respectively. The best cut-off values identified by receiver-operator characteristic curve for whole cycle Pd/Pa, iFR, and cFFR were 0.94, 0.90, and 0.88, respectively, for an FFR ≤0.80. By the concept of "adenosine-free zone" (iFR = 0.86-0.93), 59% lesions in this study would not require adenosine. CONCLUSION: All the three adenosine-free indices had good correlation with FFR. There is no difference in the diagnostic accuracies among the indices in functional evaluation of discrete intermediate coronary stenoses. However, further validation is needed before adoption of adenosine-free pressure parameters into clinical practice.


Assuntos
Adenosina/administração & dosagem , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Estenose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Vasos Coronários/fisiopatologia , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico/fisiologia , Hiperemia/induzido quimicamente , Angiografia Coronária , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperemia/fisiopatologia , Injeções Intravenosas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Vasodilatadores/administração & dosagem
16.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 59: 173-183, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31028852

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ultrasound-guided thrombin injection (UGTI) has become the method of choice in the treatment of pseudoaneurysm caused by endovascular procedures because it is minimally invasive, costs less, and effective, with short hospitalization time. The objective was identify the morphological aspects of femoral pseudoaneurysms and clinical aspects of patients that may lead to the failure of UGTI in femoral pseudoaneurysms after cardiac catheterization. POPULATION AND METHOD: From December 2012 to December 2016, 60 patients with pseudoaneurysms caused by cardiac catheterization were referred to the interventional radiology unit to be treated with UGTI. Medical charts were retrospectively reviewed for comorbidities, use of antiplatelet agents, anticoagulation, indication of cardiac catheterization, and so forth. Morphological aspects of the pseudoaneurysms such as volume, diameter (anteroposterior, laterolateral, and longitudinal), length, and diameter of the neck were analyzed. RESULTS: Technical success of UGTI was achieved in 100%. No clinical aspects of the patients were statistically significant for UGTI failure in occlusion of the pseudoaneurysms. For morphological aspects of pseudoaneurysm: anteroposterior (P = 0.029), longitudinal (P = 0.020), and neck diameters (P = 0.004) were statistically significant for UGTI failure. Logistic regression analysis for longitudinal diameter showed that for each centimeter, there was a 2.66 chance of failure of pseudoaneurysm thrombosis in a single thrombin injection session (95% confidence interval: 1.33-5.30). For longitudinal and neck diameters greater than 1.8 cm and 0.55 cm, respectively, there is a greater probability of needing more than one UGTI session for complete thrombosis. CONCLUSIONS: Among variables, the longitudinal dimension was more significant, and in a larger diameter, the treatment with thrombin injection presented greater complexity.


Assuntos
Falso Aneurisma/tratamento farmacológico , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Periférico/efeitos adversos , Artéria Femoral , Trombina/administração & dosagem , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/tratamento farmacológico , Falso Aneurisma/diagnóstico por imagem , Falso Aneurisma/etiologia , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Cateterismo Periférico/métodos , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/lesões , Humanos , Injeções Intra-Arteriais , Masculino , Punções , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Trombina/efeitos adversos , Falha de Tratamento , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/etiologia
19.
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars ; 47(2): 103-110, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30874516

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Right-heart catheterization using the antecubital veins has recently regained attention, and studies demonstrating the feasibility and safety of antecubital access in adults have been published. However, no changes have been observed in the preferred entrance sites in right-heart catheterizations in children with congenital heart diseases. This article is a description of the technique and features of the antecubital venous approach in pediatric patients with complex congenital heart defects and a Glenn anastomosis. METHODS: The data regarding a right cardiac catheterization through the antecubital fossa veins performed in 18 patients with various clinical indications between January 2014 and August 2017 were reviewed retrospectively and the results were assessed. RESULTS: Ten patients (55%) were male and 8 patients were female. All of the patients but 1 had a complex congenital heart disease with a Glenn anastomosis. One patient had been operated on for a sinus venosus atrial septal defect and an abnormal pulmonary venous return and had a total occlusion of the superior vena cava. A diagnostic catheterization was performed in all cases. Additional procedures consisted of a balloon test occlusion of the pulmonary valve in 2 patients, a superior vena cava-right pulmonary artery anastomosis dilatation in 1, and abnormal veno-venous collateral occlusion with various devices in 2 patients. CONCLUSION: The antecubital venous approach technique can be performed easily and safely for diagnostic and therapeutic catheterization in patients with complex congenital heart defects. The authors advocate that the antecubital venous approach should be the first site selected for right-heart catheterization, especially in patients with a Glenn anastomosis.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Antebraço/irrigação sanguínea , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Veias , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Angiografia Coronária , Feminino , Técnica de Fontan , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
20.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 34(2): 194-202, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30916130

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In this retrospective study, we aimed to observe the efficacy of pericardial effusion (PE) treatments by a survey conducted at the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Atatürk University. METHODS: In order to get comparable results, the patients with PE were divided into three groups - group A, 480 patients who underwent subxiphoid pericardiostomy; group B, 28 patients who underwent computerized tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous catheter drainage; and group C, 45 patients who underwent echocardiography (ECHO)-guided percutaneous catheter drainage. RESULTS: In the three groups of patients, the most important symptom and physical sign were dyspnea and tachycardia, respectively. The most common causes of PE were uremic pericarditis in patients who underwent tube pericardiostomy, postoperative PE in patients who underwent CT-guided percutaneous catheter drainage, and cancer-related PE in patients who underwent ECHO-guided percutaneous catheter drainage. In all the patients, relief of symptoms was achieved after surgical intervention. There was no treatment-related mortality in any group of patients. In patients with tuberculous pericarditis, the rates of recurrent PE and/or constrictive pericarditis progress were 2,9% and 2,2% after tube pericardiostomy and ECHO-guided percutaneous catheter drainage, respectively. CONCLUSION: Currently, there are many methods to treat PE. The correct treatment method for each patient should be selected according to a very careful analysis of the patient's clinical condition as well as the prospective benefit of surgical intervention.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Drenagem/métodos , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Derrame Pericárdico/cirurgia , Técnicas de Janela Pericárdica , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Análise de Variância , Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Drenagem/instrumentação , Ecocardiografia/instrumentação , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Derrame Pericárdico/etiologia , Técnicas de Janela Pericárdica/instrumentação , Pericardite/complicações , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/instrumentação , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
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