Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 9.582
Filtrar
1.
Drug Discov Ther ; 14(1): 27-34, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32147627

RESUMO

Up to 50% peripheral intravenous catheters (PIVs) are removed prematurely because of failures. Catheter failure (CF) leads to replacement and is a great concern for patients and medical staff. It is known that visualization of catheters and vessels with ultrasonography (US) during placement prevents CF. However, US is not a common technique for general nurses. In order to standardize US-assisted PIV placement techniques, an algorithm is needed. This study aimed to develop an algorithm using US-assisted PIV placement to reduce CF rate. Furthermore, to evaluate the effectiveness of the algorithm, CF rates were compared before and after intervention. A pretest-posttest study was performed. The intervention was PIV placement by 23 nurses undergoing training sessions for the algorithm. Intention to treat, per protocol analyses were applied. Logistic regression analysis was used for factor analysis. The CF rate in the pre-intervention group 35.2% (19/54) did not significantly differ from post-intervention group 33.6% (48/143) (p = 0.831), yet significantly differ from complete algorithm-use group 8.7% (2/23; p = 0.017). In factor analysis, compliance to the algorithm was significantly correlated with CF (p = 0.032). The compliance rate was low 16.1% (23/143). Algorithm compliance reduced CF by confirming appropriate catheter tip position from the insertion to the securement phase. This algorithm effectively reduced CF, however, the compliance rate was unacceptable. In order to increase the compliance rate, modified algorithm and new visualizing technology is required.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Cateterismo Periférico , Ultrassonografia , Falha de Equipamento , Humanos
2.
West J Emerg Med ; 21(2): 353-358, 2020 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32191193

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We sought to determine whether ultrasound-guided arterial cannulation (USGAC) is more successful than traditional radial artery cannulation (AC) as performed by emergency medicine (EM) residents with standard ultrasound training. METHODS: We identified 60 patients age 18 years or older at a tertiary care, urban academic emergency department who required radial AC for either continuous blood pressure monitoring or frequent blood draws. Patients were randomized to receive radial AC via either USGAC or traditional AC. If there were three unsuccessful attempts, patients were crossed over to the alternative technique. All EM residents underwent standardized, general ultrasound training. RESULTS: The USGAC group required fewer attempts as compared to the traditional AC group (mean 1.3 and 2.0, respectively; p<0.001); 29 out of 30 (96%) successful radial arterial lines were placed using USGAC, whereas 14 out of 30 (47%) successful lines were placed using traditional AC (p<0.001). There was no significant difference in length of procedure or complication rate between the two groups. There was no difference in provider experience with respect to USGAC vs traditional AC. CONCLUSION: EM residents were more successful and had fewer cannulation attempts with USGAC when compared to traditional AC after standard, intern-level ultrasound training.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Periférico , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/métodos , Artéria Radial , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Adulto , Cateterismo Periférico/métodos , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Humanos , Internato e Residência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artéria Radial/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos , Dispositivos de Acesso Vascular
3.
Br J Nurs ; 29(2): S35-S40, 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31972107

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The DIVA score is validated for predicting success of the initial attempt at peripheral intravenous insertion by nurses and physicians. A score of 4 or greater is 50% to 60% likely to have a failed first attempt. The study objective was to assess the validity of this score for emergency department technicians. METHODS: This study used a prospective convenience sample of 181 children presenting to the emergency department with intravenous access attempt by one of 29 emergency department technicians. DIVA score, total number of attempts, and median time to successful intravenous cannulation were obtained. RESULTS: Comparing patients with a DIVA score <4 to ≥4, first-time IV placement failure rates were lower (9% [95% CI, 3-24] vs. 41% [95% CI, 33-49]) and median time to IV placement was shorter (75 [interquartile range (IQR) 42-157] vs. 254 [IQR 91-806]) seconds. In patients with scores ≥4, emergency department technicians with ≥5 years of experience were significantly more likely to be successful on the first attempt (OR 2.8; 95% CI, 1.03-7.63). For every year of technician experience, the time to catheter placement, adjusted for DIVA score, decreased by 25 minutes (P≤0.05, R2=0.05). Comparing our receiver operating curve to the derivation study, the areas were similar (0.67 vs. 0.65). CONCLUSIONS: This study provides preliminary evidence for the validity of the DIVA score when applied to IVs placed by emergency department technicians. For patients with high DIVA scores, ≥5 years of IV experience was associated with higher odds of successful first-time IV placement and shorter time to placement. HIGHLIGHTS The difficult intravenous access (DIVA) score may be generalizable to IVs placed by experienced emergency department technicians (EDTs) Higher odds of first-time success in difficult patients with ≥5 years EDT experience Early identification of difficult access may allow for aid of alternative technology Likely first study to evaluate EDTs IV skills in patients with varying DIVA scores.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Periférico , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Auxiliares de Emergência , Pré-Escolar , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Humanos , Lactente , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
4.
Br J Nurs ; 29(2): S10-S16, 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31972115

RESUMO

Latest clinical guidelines for peripheral vascular catheters (PVC) recommend that they should be removed only when clinically indicated and not routinely removed and replaced. In 2017, the authors' hospital policy was changed to align with the new recommendations and, between March and July 2019, 500 PVCs were audited at two main sites to evaluate the efficacy of the change. Of the 500 PVCs, 31% (n=155) were in situ for more than 3 days (range 4-22 days). Analysis of the combined data showed an overall prevalence of phlebitis at 8%, but variation in trends looking at each individual site (7% and 9% respectively) with a wide variation for PVCs in situ for more than 7 days. Implementing clinically indicated removal of PVCs has resulted in better patient experience with fewer PVCs for a course of treatment. Implementation has also resulted in cost savings for the Trust with a notable decrease in number of PVCs used.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Periférico/instrumentação , Remoção de Dispositivo/normas , Fidelidade a Diretrizes/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Fatores de Tempo
5.
Int J Antimicrob Agents ; 55(3): 105875, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31926285

RESUMO

Use of peripheral venous catheters (PVCs) is very common in hospitals. According to the literature, after a visit to the emergency department >75% of hospitalised patients carry a PVC, among which almost 50% are useless. In this study, the presence and complications of PVCs in an infectious diseases (ID) unit of a French tertiary-care university hospital were monitored. A total of 614 patients were prospectively included over a 6-month period. Among the 614 patients, 509 (82.9%) arrived in the ID unit with a PVC, of which 260 (51.1%) were judged unnecessary and were removed as soon as the patients were examined by the ID team. More than one-half of PVCs were removed within 24 h in the unit (308/509; 60.5%). PVCs were complicated for 65 (12.8%) of the 509 patients, with complications including extravasation, cutaneous necrosis, lymphangitis, phlebitis, tearing off the patient, superficial venous thrombosis and arthritis. We must therefore continue to search for unjustified PVC insertion. Alternatives to the intravenous administration route must be proposed, such as subcutaneous infusion or oral antibiotic therapy.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Periférico/efeitos adversos , Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/etiologia , Vias de Administração de Medicamentos , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Humanos , Flebite/etiologia
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18494, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895783

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICC-line) are devices inserted through peripheral venous access. In our institution, this technology has been rapidly adopted by physicians in their routine practice. Bacteremia on catheters remains an important public health issue in France. However, the mortality attributable to bacteremia on PICC-line remains poorly evaluated in France and in the literature in general. We report in our study an exhaustive inventory of bacteremia on PICC-line and their 30 days mortality, over a 7 years period. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From January 2010 to December 2016, we retrospectively matched PICC-line registers of the radiology department, blood culture records of the microbiology laboratory and medical records from the Hospital Information Systems. RESULTS: The 11,334 hospital stays during which a PICC-line was inserted were included over a period of 7 years. Among them, 258 episodes of PICC-line-associated bacteremia were recorded, resulting in a prevalence of 2.27%. Hematology units: 20/324 (6.17%), oncology units: 55/1375 (4%) and hepato-gastro-enterology units: 42/1142 (3.66%) had the highest prevalence of PICC-line related bacteremia. The correlation analysis, when adjusted by exposure and year, shows that the unit profile explains 72% of the variability in the rate of bacteremia with a P = .023. Early bacteremia, occurring within 21 days of insertion, represented 75% of cases. The crude death ratio at 30 days, among patients PICC-line associated bacteremia was 57/11 334 (0.50%). The overall 30-day mortality of patients with PICC-line with and without bacteremia was 1369/11334 (12.07%). On day 30, mortality of patients with bacteremia associated PICC-line was 57/258 or 22.09% of cases, compared to a mortality rate of 1311/11076, or 11.83% in the control group (P < .05, RR 2.066 [1.54-2.75]). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis revealed a statistically significant excess mortality between patients with PICC-line associated bacteremia and PICC-line carriers without bacteremia (P < .0007, hazard ratio 1.89 [1307-2709]). CONCLUSION: Patients with PICC-line associated bacteremia have a significant excess mortality. The implementation of a PICC-line should remain the last resort after a careful assessment of the benefit/risk ratio by a senior doctor.


Assuntos
Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/mortalidade , Cateterismo Venoso Central/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Periférico/efeitos adversos , Cateteres de Demora/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Bacteriemia/microbiologia , Bacteriemia/mortalidade , Estudos de Casos e Controles , França/epidemiologia , Hospitais Públicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(2): e18747, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914094

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A low first-pass success rate of radial artery cannulation was obtained when using the conventional palpation technique (C-PT) or conventional ultrasound-guided techniques, we; therefore, evaluate the effect of a modified long-axis in-plane ultrasound technique (M-LAINUT) in guiding radial artery cannulation in adults. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, randomized and controlled clinical trial of 288 patients undergoing radial artery cannulation. Patients were randomized 1:1 to M-LAINUT or C-PT group at Fujian Medical University Union Hospital between 2017 and 2018. Radial artery cannulation was performed by 3 anesthesiologists with different experience. The outcome was the first and total radial artery cannulation success rates, the number of attempts and the cannulation time, and incidence of complications. RESULTS: Two hundred eighty-five patients were statistically analyzed. The success rate of first attempt was 91.6% in the M-LAINUT group (n = 143) and 57.7% in the C-PT group (n = 142; P < .001) (odds ratio, 7.9; 95% confidence interval, 4.0-15.7). The total success rate (≤5 minutes and ≤3 attempts) in the M-LAINUT group was 97.9%, compared to 84.5% in the palpation group (P < .001) (odds ratio, 8.5; 95% confidence interval, 2.5-29.2). The total cannulation time was shorter and the number of attempts was fewer in the M-LAINUT group than that in the C-PT group (P < .05). The incidence of hematoma in the C-PT group was 19.7%, which was significantly higher than the 2.8% in the M-LAINUT group (P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Modified long-axis in-plane ultrasound-guided radial artery cannulation can increase the first and total radial artery cannulation success rates, reduce the number of attempts, and shorten the total cannulation time in adults.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Periférico/métodos , Palpação/métodos , Artéria Radial , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos , Idoso , Anestesiologistas , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
8.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(3): 225-232, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31896318

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the usefulness of inserting a 6Fr sheath guided by duplex ultrasonography via a popliteal artery puncture. We also aimed to demonstrate endoluminal tracking using a retrograde approach using the Gogo catheter with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). BACKGROUND: The bidirectional approach is useful for increasing the success rate of the procedure for long superficial femoral artery-chronic total occlusions (SFA-CTOs). However, this procedure becomes somewhat complicated. Since the proximal blood vessel diameter is clearly larger than the distal end of the CTO and the body surface duplex guide can also be used in the proximal part, it is easier to introduce a retrograde guidewire (GW) into the proximal end. METHODS: We performed endovascular treatment for long SFA-CTOs with a Gogo catheter + IVUS guide in 31 consecutive cases (male 20/female 11; mean age, 75.6 ± 7.6) from May 2017 to November 2018. We advanced the IVUS until the true lumen could be confirmed and advanced the Gogo catheter toward the IVUS for reinforcement. We attempted to approach the long CTO by repeating this procedure. We named this procedure the GIP method (GIP: Gogo catheter with IVUS via a popliteal puncture). Hemostasis of the popliteal artery was achieved using a commercially available compression hemostatic kit (Tometa-kun, XEMEX, Japan). RESULTS: Successful revascularization was achieved in all cases (in 2 cases, a femoral artery puncture was added, and a bidirectional approach was used, and in 1 case, a CROSSER system was used). On average, the fluoroscopy time was 42.2 ± 30.4 minutes, radiation dose 93.7 ± 78.7 mGy, and amount of contrast medium used 15.0 ± 9.6 mL. The procedure time was defined as from the start of the popliteal artery puncture to the time the GW passed through the CTO lesion, including the posture transformation time from prone to the supine position. The procedure time was 42.1 ± 40.2 minutes. There were no major adverse events or other major complications, such as a distal embolism, rupture of the CTO lesion, arteriovenous fistula, or major hematoma requiring a transfusion or surgical treatment. Only 2 small hematomas occurred at the popliteal artery puncture site. The patients were treated conservatively and were discharged as usual. CONCLUSIONS: Endovascular treatment of long SFA-CTOs via the popliteal approach was effective and safe. Using the GIP method to address long SFA-CTOs is recommended.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Cateterismo Periférico/instrumentação , Artéria Femoral , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Artéria Poplítea , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/instrumentação , Dispositivos de Acesso Vascular , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Periférico/efeitos adversos , Doença Crônica , Constrição Patológica , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Artéria Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem , Punções , Stents , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(3): 233-239, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31957599

RESUMO

Industry has long fought the battle to design a vascular catheter that is less thrombogenic. Indwelling catheters provide long-term central venous access, but they develop fibrin sheaths as the vascular system recognizes them as foreign bodies. Peripheral catheters and central catheters can be changed over a guidewire when they form a fibrin sheath or otherwise malfunction. However, totally implantable venous access devices such as a port cannot be easily exchanged over a wire. Therefore, when a port malfunctions, thrombolytics are usually the only option attempted before the port is explanted and a new site is prepared for access. We present a minimally invasive technique demonstrating port salvage that does not require explant.


Assuntos
Obstrução do Cateter/etiologia , Cateterismo Periférico/métodos , Cateteres de Demora , Falha de Equipamento , Fibrina , Dispositivos de Acesso Vascular , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Radiografia Intervencionista , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(2): 135-140, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31769352

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Ultrasound-facilitated, catheter-directed, low-dose fibrinolysis (USAT) appears to provide promising results for the management of acute submassive pulmonary embolisms (ASMPEs) at tertiary care centers. This study assessed outcome measures at a community-based hospital systems and compared results to known studies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a single-center, retrospective study assessing clinical outcomes of the EkoSonic Endovascular System intervention for ASMPEs performed by three surgical 3 subspecialties (interventional radiology, interventional cardiology, and vascular surgery) part of a pulmonary embolism response team (PERT). We reviewed 146 PERT activations from June 2013 to December 2017. Eighty-three patients with ASMPEs underwent USAT. RESULTS: Our study showed greater differences (P = .01) between baseline and follow-up pulmonary artery systolic pressures (20.9 ± 9.8 mm Hg [n = 14]) compared to the ULTIMA study (12.3 ± 10 mm Hg [n = 30]). Our length-of-stay measures were shorter (6.1 ± 5.1 [n = 83]; P = .0001) compared to the SEATTLE II study (8.8 ± 5.0 [n = 150]). Preprocedure transthoracic echocardiograms (TTEs) were performed for 54 (65%) of 83 patients. Postprocedure TTEs at 48 hours was performed for 52 (62%) of 83 patients. Use of TTEs before and after intervention did not change outcomes. Intracranial hemorrhage was not observed in our patient population. There was no difference in outcomes between the three subspecialties in our study. CONCLUSIONS: Use of USAT in a community-based hospital PERT has similar outcomes to tertiary care centers. Furthermore, similar outcomes were observed between the three subspecialties suggesting development of a comprehensive care team for management of ASMPEs.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Periférico , Fibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Hospitais Comunitários , Embolia Pulmonar/terapia , Terapia Trombolítica/métodos , Terapia por Ultrassom , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Idoso , Cardiologistas , Cateterismo Periférico/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Fibrinolíticos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Infusões Intra-Arteriais , Masculino , Michigan , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Embolia Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Embolia Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Radiologistas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Especialização , Cirurgiões , Terapia Trombolítica/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Terapia por Ultrassom/efeitos adversos
12.
J Vasc Access ; 21(1): 79-85, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31232151

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To retrospectively assess the efficacy and safety of FemoSeal® vascular closure device to achieve hemostasis following antegrade common femoral artery puncture after lower limb revascularization using vascular sheaths from 5 to 8 Fr. METHODS: We reviewed the hemostatic outcome achieved with FemoSeal in 103 consecutive patients (mean age: 69 ± 8 years, 71 males) that undergone to 111 antegrade common femoral artery accesses for percutaneous lower limbs revascularization using 5- to 8-Fr vascular sheaths. We used FemoSeal in an unselected population, without exclusion criteria. The primary outcome was the technical success, meant as achieving complete hemostasis without immediate complications. RESULTS: Hemostasis was achieved in all 111 puncture sites (100% technical success). We observed eight (7%) puncture site minor complications (hematomas), none of which affecting the patients' outcome or requiring further therapies or increasing the hospital stay. There were no statistically significant differences between the variables potentially related to the occurrence of complications (age, international normalized ratio, platelet count, partial thromboplastin time ratio, body mass index, and common femoral arteries calcification grade) in patients with and without complications. Complications group mean body mass index was 26.4 ± 2.8 kg/m2 versus non-complications group 26.6 ± 4.4 kg/m2, p = 0.92. Mean international normalized ratio and partial thromboplastin time ratio were 1.05 ± 0.01 and 1.05 ± 0.14 versus 1.13 ± 0.2 (p = 0.39) and 1.12 ± 0.23 (p = 0.53), respectively. Common femoral arteries calcification grade was the same (mean: 1, p = 1). Platelet count was 202 × 103/mL ± 66.7 versus 226 × 103/mL ± 91.2, p = 0.55. Mean age was 72.3 ± 10 years versus 72.8 ± 8 years, p = 0.86. CONCLUSION: The low rate (7%) and grading of the adverse events, combined with the high technical success rate (100%), in an unselected group of patients treated in daily routine, suggest high safety and efficacy of FemoSeal vascular closure device in antegrade common femoral artery puncture site hemostasis when using vascular sheaths ranging from 5 to 8 Fr. Therefore, FemoSeal could be considered as a first-line hemostasis strategy in such cases.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Periférico , Artéria Femoral , Hemorragia/prevenção & controle , Técnicas Hemostáticas/instrumentação , Dispositivos de Oclusão Vascular , Idoso , Cateterismo Periférico/efeitos adversos , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Hemorragia/etiologia , Técnicas Hemostáticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Punções , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
J Vasc Access ; 21(1): 103-104, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31232211

RESUMO

Peripherally inserted central catheters are usually inserted in supine patients. What should we do when facing a patient who cannot tolerate this position? In this article, we are describing a particularly difficult patient: not only supine decubitus was intolerable to her but lying on the side was unbearable, too. That is why, to manage a patient who required a central access but could not tolerate the usual position for placing it, we tried to do that in prone position.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Ânus/complicações , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/complicações , Cateterismo Venoso Central , Cateterismo Periférico , Dor/etiologia , Posicionamento do Paciente/métodos , Decúbito Ventral , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Posicionamento do Paciente/efeitos adversos
14.
J Vasc Access ; 21(1): 45-54, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31177939

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Technical factors at the moment of catheter insertion might have a role in peripherally inserted central catheter-related thrombotic risk. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to define the actual rate of peripherally inserted central catheter-related symptomatic deep vein thrombosis in patients in whom catheter insertion was performed according to ultrasound guidance, appropriate catheter size choice, and proper verification of tip location. METHODS: We searched Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Library. Only prospective observational studies published in peer-reviewed journals after 2010 up to November 2018 reporting peripherally inserted central catheter-related deep vein thrombosis rate were included. All studies were of adult patients who underwent peripherally inserted central catheter insertion. Results were restricted to those studies which included in their methods ultrasound guidance for venipuncture, catheter tip location, and a catheter size selection strategy. Random-effect meta-analyses and arcsine transformation for binomial data were performed to pool deep vein thrombosis weighted frequencies. RESULTS: Of the 1441 studies identified, 15 studies involving 5420 patients and 5914 peripherally inserted central catheters fulfilled our inclusion criteria. The weighted frequency of peripherally inserted central catheter-related deep vein thrombosis was 2.4% (95% confidence interval = 1.5-3.3) and remained low in oncologic patients (2.2%, 95% confidence interval = 0.6-3.9). Thrombotic rate was higher in onco-hematologic patients (5.9%, 95% confidence interval = 1.2-10). Considerable heterogeneity (I2 = 74.9) was observed and all studies were considered at high risk of attrition bias. CONCLUSIONS: A proper technique is crucial at the moment of peripherally inserted central catheter insertion. Peripherally inserted central catheter-related deep vein thrombosis rate appears to be low when evidence-based technical factors are taken into consideration during the insertion procedure.


Assuntos
Obstrução do Cateter/etiologia , Cateterismo Venoso Central/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Periférico/efeitos adversos , Trombose Venosa/etiologia , Cateterismo Venoso Central/instrumentação , Cateterismo Periférico/instrumentação , Cateteres de Demora , Cateteres Venosos Centrais , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico por imagem
15.
J Vasc Access ; 21(1): 86-91, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31328625

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In an effort to reduce catheter-related bloodstream infection's incidence rates in an intensive care unit, several evidence-based procedures recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for centrally inserted central catheters were implemented. A failure to fully comply with the recommendation for prompt removal of the centrally inserted central catheters was attributed, mainly to the difficulties and inadequacies raised from establishing peripheral venous access. METHODS: The ultrasound-guided peripheral venous cannulation method as a supplementary intervention to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's recommendations was incorporated and examined during the subsequent year. RESULTS: A significant reduction on catheter-related bloodstream infection incidence rates out of the expected range was found. Centrally inserted central catheters utilization ratios were reduced by 10.7% (p < 0.05; 58%-47%) and the catheter-related bloodstream infection incidence rate was reduced by 11.7 per thousand device-days (15.9-4.16/1000 centrally inserted central catheters days (2015-2016 group, respectively)). CONCLUSION: The reduction of catheter-related bloodstream infection was higher than that described in the published literature. This probably shows that the combination of the five evidence-based procedures recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention together with that of ultrasound-guided peripheral venous cannulation method can increase the compliance with the Category IA recommendation for removal or avoidance of unnecessary placement of centrally inserted central catheters and decrease the catheter-related bloodstream infections in a more effective way, by affecting the patients' centrally inserted central catheter exposure.


Assuntos
Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/prevenção & controle , Cateterismo Venoso Central/instrumentação , Cateterismo Periférico/instrumentação , Cateteres de Demora , Cateteres Venosos Centrais , Remoção de Dispositivo , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Idoso , Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/epidemiologia , Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/microbiologia , Cateterismo Venoso Central/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Venoso Central/normas , Cateterismo Periférico/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Periférico/normas , Chipre/epidemiologia , Remoção de Dispositivo/efeitos adversos , Remoção de Dispositivo/normas , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Tempo para o Tratamento , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/normas , Estados Unidos
17.
Lancet Haematol ; 7(1): e40-e49, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31786086

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early thrombus removal might prevent post-thrombotic syndrome by preserving venous function and restoring flow. Previous trials comparing additional catheter-directed thrombolysis to standard treatment showed conflicting outcomes. We aimed to assess the benefit of additional ultrasound-accelerated catheter-directed thrombolysis for the prevention of post-thrombotic syndrome compared with standard therapy in patients with iliofemoral deep-vein thrombosis. METHODS: We did a multicentre, randomised, single-blind, allocation-concealed, parallel group, superiority trial in 15 hospitals in the Netherlands. Patients aged 18-85 years with a first-time acute iliofemoral deep-vein thrombosis and symptoms for no more than 14 days were randomly assigned (1:1) to either standard treatment with additional ultrasound-accelerated catheter-directed thrombolysis or standard treatment alone. Randomisation was done with a web-based automatic programme and a random varying block size (2-12), stratified by age and centre. Standard treatment included anticoagulant therapy, compression therapy (knee-high elastic compression stockings; 30-40 mmHg), and early ambulation. Additional ultrasound-accelerated catheter-directed thrombolysis was done with urokinase with a starting bolus of 250 000 international units (IU) in 10 mL NaCl followed by a continuous dose of 100 000 IU/h for a maximum of 96 h through the Ekos Endowave-system. Adjunctive percutaneous transluminal angioplasty, thrombosuction, or stenting was performed at the discretion of the physician who performed the intervention. The primary outcome was the proportion of patients with post-thrombotic syndrome at 12 months diagnosed according to the original Villalta criteria-a Villalta-score of at least 5 on two consecutive occasions at least 3 months apart or the occurrence of venous ulceration-and was assessed in a modified intention-to-treat population of all randomly assigned patients who passed screening and started treatment. The safety analysis was assessed in the same modified intention-to-treat population. This study is complete and is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT00970619. FINDINGS: Between May 28, 2010, and Sept 18, 2017, 184 patients were randomly assigned to either additional ultrasound-accelerated catheter-directed thrombolysis (n=91) or standard treatment alone (n=93). Exclusion because of screening failure or early withdrawal of informed consent resulted in 77 patients in the intervention group and 75 in the standard treatment group starting allocated treatment. Median follow-up was 12·0 months (IQR 6·0-12·0). 12-month post-thrombotic syndrome occurred in 22 (29%) patients allocated to additional treatment versus 26 (35%) patients receiving standard treatment alone (odds ratio 0·75 [95% CI 0·38 to 1·50]; p=0·42). Major bleeding occurred in four (5%) patients in the intervention group, with associated neuropraxia or the peroneal nerve in one patient, and no events in the standard treatment group. No serious adverse events occurred. None of the four deaths (one [1%] in the intervention group vs three [4%] in the standard treatment group) were treatment related. INTERPRETATION: This study showed that additional ultrasound-accelerated catheter-directed thrombolysis does not change the risk of post-thrombotic syndrome 1 year after acute iliofemoral deep-vein thrombosis compared with standard therapy alone. Although this trial is inconclusive, the outcome suggests the possibility of a moderate beneficial effect with additional ultrasound-accelerated catheter-directed thrombolysis. Further research is therefore warranted to better understand this outcome in the context of previous trials, preferably by combining the available evidence in an individual patient data meta-analysis. FUNDING: The Netherlands Organisation for Health Research and Development (ZonMw), Maastricht University Medical Centre, BTG-Interventional Medicine.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Cateterismo Periférico , Síndrome Pós-Trombótica/prevenção & controle , Terapia Trombolítica/métodos , Trombose Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Método Simples-Cego , Meias de Compressão , Adulto Jovem
18.
J Vasc Access ; 21(1): 33-38, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31159638

RESUMO

The Infusional Services Team at a large cancer centre in Belfast, Northern Ireland, performed a cross-sectional analysis of two catheter securement technologies to address an area of frequent, but underestimated concern - peripherally inserted central catheter migration and dislodgement. Healthcare practitioner and patient feedback, along with economic impact, were assessed. The costs associated with catheter replacement during the adhesive device group study period were calculated using an average cost per insertion, based on material costs required for the procedure. Other factors were the replacement cost of the adhesive engineered securement device with each dressing change. In the subcutaneous securement group, the material costs were adjusted for use of the subcutaneous device as it remained in situ for the duration of the catheters' dwell time. This review found that subcutaneous securement offers both patient and facilities a safe, effective and economical alternative for device securement with patients who are unable to tolerate or have successful securement with adhesive securement devices. The use of subcutaneous devices provided for reduced risks for peripherally inserted central catheters in terms of dislodgement, migration or malposition, alleviating the potential risks to develop catheter-related thrombosis and device-related infection.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Venoso Central/instrumentação , Cateterismo Periférico/instrumentação , Cateteres de Demora , Cateteres Venosos Centrais , Migração de Corpo Estranho/prevenção & controle , Adesivos Teciduais/uso terapêutico , Cateterismo Venoso Central/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Venoso Central/economia , Cateterismo Periférico/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Periférico/economia , Cateteres de Demora/economia , Cateteres Venosos Centrais/economia , Pesquisa Comparativa da Efetividade , Análise Custo-Benefício , Estudos Transversais , Desenho de Equipamento , Migração de Corpo Estranho/economia , Migração de Corpo Estranho/etiologia , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Humanos , Irlanda do Norte , Fatores de Tempo , Adesivos Teciduais/efeitos adversos , Adesivos Teciduais/economia , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Br J Anaesth ; 124(3): 292-298, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31862159

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinicians traditionally warn patients of pain before peripheral i.v. cannulation (PIVC). However, using words related to pain or undesirable experiences can result in greater pain and anxiety. The use of positive words can improve pain perception and subjective patient experience. We aimed to compare the effects of three types of communication, including hypnotic communication, on pain, comfort, and anxiety in patients during PIVC. METHODS: The Effect of Language and Confusion on Pain During Peripheral Intravenous Catheterization (KTHYPE) trial is a randomised, parallel, single-blind, multicentre study of patients undergoing PIVC on the dorsal face of the hand before surgery. Patients from three hospitals were randomly allocated to one of three groups: PIVC performed with a hypnosis technique (hypnosis group), negative connotation (nocebo group), and neutral connotation (neutral group). The primary outcome measure was the occurrence of pain measured with a 0-10 numerical rating scale just after PIVC. RESULTS: Of the 272 subjects analysed (hypnosis, n=89; nocebo, n=92; neutral, n=91), pain after PIVC was lower in the hypnosis group (mean [standard deviation]; range) (1.5 [1.9]; 0-5) compared with the neutral (3.5 [2.3]; 0-9; P<0.0001) and nocebo groups (3.8 [2.5]; 0-10; P<0.0001). Whilst anxiety was higher and comfort lower before PIVC in the hypnosis group, anxiety decreased and comfort perception increased after PIVC when hypnosis was used. CONCLUSIONS: This is one of the first well-designed RCTs showing a significant benefit of a hypnosis technique during a routine procedure, such as PIVC. The results could facilitate implementation of hypnosis in daily clinical care. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT02662322.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Cateterismo Periférico/efeitos adversos , Comunicação , Hipnose/métodos , Dor/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ansiedade/etiologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Cateterismo Periférico/métodos , Escolaridade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor/etiologia , Dor/psicologia , Medição da Dor/métodos , Percepção da Dor , Método Simples-Cego , Adulto Jovem
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA