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1.
BMC Geriatr ; 20(1): 134, 2020 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32293316

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Senior centers offer important opportunities for physical activity and social interaction. Seniors who visit a senior center regularly can gain physical activity from transportation and from specific activities offered within the senior center. However, there is very little knowledge regarding the specific physical activity gains obtained from regular visits to senior centers, and no effort has been made to use device-based measures of physical activity to test the potential physical activity benefits of attending a senior center. METHODS: To fill this gap, the present study examined the physical activity patterns of 227 seniors living in the Barcelona Metropolitan Area in Spain. Using GPS and Accelerometer 7-day tracking data, and GIS measures we assessed the light physical activity and moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) benefits of attending the senior center on a weekly and daily basis. RESULTS: Seniors who attended a senior center at least once a week did not accumulate significantly more daily physical activity (211.6 min; 95% CI 196.6; 226.6) than seniors without any visit 215.9 min; 95% CI 202.7; 229). However, on a day-to-day basis, it was found that visiting a senior center had positive effects in physical activity and was associated with less sedentary time among younger participants in general (- 18.2 daily min 95% CI - 33.2;-3.3 p = 0.016) and among older female participants in particular (- 19.7 daily min 95% CI -21.06;-18.5 p = 0.011). CONCLUSIONS: The benefits of attending senior centers in terms of physical activity should not be viewed as universal, but rather as contingent to the demographics of the user, and the type of activity that the visit is replacing.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico , Centros Comunitários para Idosos , Acelerometria , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Sexuais , Espanha , Transportes
2.
Rev Saude Publica ; 54: 07, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31967276

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of older adults participating or not in Seniors Centers (SC). METHODS: Two independent samples were compared: older adults who participate in SC (n = 124) and older adults who visited Primary Healthcare Centers (PHC) and do not participate in SC (n = 164). The data collected consisted of sociodemographic (sex, age, educational level, marital status, family income) and psychosocial characteristics-Sense of Coherence (SOC), anxiety and depression using HADS, happiness-, and oral clinical evaluation-use and need of dental prosthesis and decayed (D), missing (M), or filled (F) teeth. The resulting OHRQoL was evaluated using the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14). The Mann-Whitney test was used to assess the associations between the independent variables and the OHIP-14. Poisson regression models were also used in the analyses (α=0.05). RESULTS: In the PHC, of the 270 individuals invited to participate in the study, 164 (60.7%) were interviewed and clinically examined; while in the SC, of the 166 individuals invited to participate in the study, 124 (74.7%) were interviewed and clinically examined. After adjustments for sociodemographic, psychosocial and clinical factors, we found that the impact on OHRQoL was 2.8 times higher (95%CI 2.0-4.2) for older adults who did not participate in SC. CONCLUSION: Older adults who participated in SC showed better perception on OHRQoL, independently of sociodemographic, psychosocial and clinical factors.


Assuntos
Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Prótese Dentária/psicologia , Prótese Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Distribuição de Poisson , Centros Comunitários para Idosos , Senso de Coerência , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Perda de Dente/epidemiologia , Perda de Dente/psicologia
3.
Gerodontology ; 37(2): 177-184, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854018

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the mastication ability of elderly women by assessing the number of their remaining teeth, subjective mastication comfort, subjective chewing ability of five food items, relative occlusion balance and mastication performance involving in chewing gum. BACKGROUND: Korea has already entered an aged society, issues related to the elderly are also growing; for example, dementia is emerging as a social problem. In addition, oral health of the elderly is very important because it is directly related to nutrient intake. A total of 101 subjects aged ≥65 who attended senior citizen centres in Daegu city provided consent and were included in this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Korean version of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE-DS) was used to evaluate cognitive function. To assess the degree of objective mastication, we measured colour changes using a chewing gum and posterior occlusion force using a T-scan Ⅲ® system. RESULTS: There was an association between mastication ability and cognitive function, indicated by the colour changes in the chewing gum (P < .05). The participants with greater relative posterior occlusion forces had higher MMSE-DS scores than those with stronger relative anterior occlusion forces. There was a positive correlation between cognitive function and posterior occlusion force. CONCLUSION: The elderly having more occlusion force of posterior teeth rather than anterior teeth were associated with better cognitive ability. Therefore, it may be important for the elderly to restore the masticatory function for the posterior part to prevent against deterioration of cognitive function.


Assuntos
Demência , Centros Comunitários para Idosos , Idoso , Goma de Mascar , Feminino , Humanos , Mastigação , Prevalência , República da Coreia
5.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 12: 579-585, jan.-dez. 2020. graf
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1096762

RESUMO

Objetivo: analisar as produções científicas acerca da participação dos idosos integrantes de Centros de Convivência para Idosos e a influência destes na qualidade de vida dos participantes. Método: trata-se de uma revisão integrativa da literatura a partir dos descritores: centros de convivência para idosos, qualidade de vida, idoso, envelhecimento. Resultados: 45,4% avaliam a qualidade de vida dos idosos participantes dos grupos de convivência; 27,3% identificam a percepção dos idosos quanto aos grupos para sua qualidade de vida; e 27,3% discutem sobre a tendência de participação dos idosos em atividades desenvolvidas nos centros de convivência e quais os tipos de atividades. Conclusão: identificou-se, a predominância da qualidade de vida em senescentes participantes dos grupos de convivência para idosos e a satisfação positiva dos mesmos. Destaca-se a necessidade de avanços em relação às pesquisas acerca da qualidade de vida dos idosos integrantes de grupos de convivência bem como as atividades realizadas nestes


Objective: to analyze the scientific productions about the participation of the elderly members of Centers of Coexistence for the Elderly and their influence on the quality of life of the participants. Method: it is an integrative review of the literature from the descriptors: centers of coexistence for the elderly, quality of life, elderly, aging. Results: 45.4% evaluated the quality of life of the elderly participants of the coexistence groups; 27.3% identify the perception of the elderly regarding the groups for their quality of life; and 27.3% discuss the tendency of elderly people to participate in activities carried out in community centers and what types of activities. Conclusion: we identified the predominance of quality of life in senescent participants of the coexistence groups for the elderly and their positive satisfaction. It is important to emphasize the need for advances in relation to research on the quality of life of the elderly members of groups living together, as well as the activities carried out in these groups


Objetivo: analizar las producciones científicas acerca de la participación de los ancianos integrantes de Centros de Convivencia para los ancianos y su influencia en la calidad de vida de los participantes. Método: se trata de una revisión integrativa de la literatura a partir de los descriptores: centros de convivencia para ancianos, calidad de vida, anciano, envejecimiento. Resultados: 45,4% evalúan la calidad de vida de los ancianos participantes de los grupos de convivencia; El 27,3% identifica la percepción de los ancianos en cuanto a los grupos para su calidad de vida; y el 27,3% discute sobre la tendencia de participación de los ancianos en actividades desarrolladas en los centros de convivencia y cuáles son los tipos de actividades. Conclusión: se identificó, la predominancia de la calidad de vida en senescentes participantes de los grupos de convivencia para ancianos y la satisfacción positiva de los mismos. Se destaca la necesidad de avances en relación a las investigaciones acerca de la calidad de vida de los ancianos integrantes de grupos de convivencia así como las actividades realizadas en estos


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Qualidade de Vida , Envelhecimento , Saúde do Idoso , Centros Comunitários para Idosos/tendências
6.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1047897

RESUMO

Objetivo: apreender experiências de pessoas idosas que participam de grupos de convivência. Método: estudo descritivo, exploratório de abordagem qualitativa realizado com doze pessoas idosas que frequentam grupos de convivência em um município no interior da Bahia. A coleta dos dados foi realizada por meio de entrevista semiestruturada, dezembro de 2017 a fevereiro de 2018. Os dados foram analisados e interpretados conforme a análise de conteúdo temática proposta por Laurence Bardin. Resultados: após a análise emergiram seis categorias: melhoria na condição de saúde; evitar a solidão, fonte de suporte social; apoio e incentivo familiar; atividades aquáticas e dança. Conclusão: O estudo mostrou que a participação de pessoas idosas em grupos de convivência se mostra necessária, devido melhorias na qualidade de vida, na autoestima, na construção de vínculos e apoio social, no qual auxilia-as em todo o processo de envelhecimento


Objective: to learn the experiences of elderly people who participate in social groups. Method: a descriptive, exploratory study with a qualitative approach carried out with twelve elderly people who attend social groups in a municipality in the interior of Bahia. The data were collected through a semi structured interview, from December 2017 to February 2018. Data were analyzed and interpreted according to the thematic content analysis proposed by Laurence Bardin. Results: seven categories emerged after the analysis: improvement in health status; avoid loneliness, source of social support; family support and encouragement; water activities and dancing. Conclusion: The study showed that the participation of elderly people in social groups is necessary due to improvements in the quality of life, self-esteem, the forging of bonds and social support that help them throughout the aging process


Objetivo: aprehender experiencias de personas mayores que participan en centros de convivencia. Método: estudio descriptivo, exploratorio de abordaje cualitativo realizado con doce personas mayores que frecuentan grupos de convivencia en un municipio en el interior de Bahía. La recolección de los datos fue realizada por medio de una entrevista semiestructurada, diciembre de 2017 a febrero de 2018. Los datos fueron analizados e interpretados según el análisis de contenido temático propuesto por Laurence Bardin. Resultados: después del análisis emergieron siete categorías: mejora en la condición de salud; evitar la soledad, fuente de soporte social; apoyo y fomento de la familia; actividades acuáticas y danza. Conclusión: el estudio mostró que la participación de personas mayores en grupos de convivencia se muestra necesaria, debido a mejoras en la calidad de vida, en la autoestima, en la construcción de vínculos y apoyo social, en el que las auxilia en todo el proceso de envejecimiento


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Qualidade de Vida , Centros Comunitários para Idosos/tendências , Envelhecimento Saudável , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Serviços de Saúde para Idosos
7.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 11(5): 1122-1128, out.-dez. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1021889

RESUMO

Objetivo: Descrever os determinantes socioeconômicos e comportamentais que permeiam o envelhecimento ativo dos participantes do grupo de convivência de uma Universidade da Terceira Idade. Método: Pesquisa descritiva, quantitativa, realizada a partir de um questionário, com 183 participantes de grupos de convivência de uma universidade pública de Belém/PA. Resultado: Dos 183 participantes, foi predominante 91% do gênero feminino, 71% com idades entre 60 e 70 anos; 51% apresentaram escolaridade superior a 8 anos; 68% residiam com seus familiares e 55% eram ativos economicamente. Observou-se que 99% referiu mudança após início da participação no grupo, 80% apresentou pelo menos uma comorbidade, 91% praticava atividades físicas e 73% usava racionalmente os medicamentos. Conclusão: Os determinantes socioeconômicos e comportamentais dos participantes do estudo apontam satisfação no convívio grupal, conhecimento, qualidade de vida e a promoção do envelhecimento ativo


Objective: The study's purpose has been to describe the socioeconomic and behavioral determinants that permeate the active aging of a socialization group from a Universidade da Terceira Idade [University of the Old Age]. Methods: It is a descriptive research with a quantitative approach, which was carried out from a questionnaire, with 183 participants from a socialization group at a public university in Belém City, Pará State. Results: From a total of 183 participants, 91% were female, 71% were between 60 and 70 years old; 51% had schooling over 8 years; 68% lived with their families and 55% were economically active. It was observed that 99% reported change after starting their participation in the group, 80% presented at least one comorbidity, 91% practiced physical activities and 73% used drugs rationally. Conclusion: The socioeconomic and behavioral determinants of the study participants indicate satisfaction in socialization group, knowledge, quality of life and the promotion of active aging


Describir los determinantes socioeconómicos y comportamentales que permean el envejecimiento activo de los participantes del grupo de convivencia de una Universidad de la Tercera Edad. Metodo: Investigación descriptiva, cuantitativa, realizada a partir de un cuestionario, con 183 participantes de grupos de convivencia de una universidad pública de Belém/PA. Resultado: De los 183 participantes, fue predominante 91% del género femenino, 71% con edades entre 60 e 70 años; 51% presentaran escolaridad superior a 8 años; 68% residían con sus familiares y 55% eran activos económicamente. Se observó que 99% refirió el cambio después del inicio de la participación en el grupo, 80% tenía al menos una comorbilidad, 91% practicando actividades físicas y 73% utilizan racionalmente los medicamentos. Conclusión: Los determinantes socioeconómicos y comportamentales de los participantes del estudio apuntan satisfacción en la convivencia grupal, conocimiento, calidad de vida y la promoción del envejecimiento activo


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Envelhecimento , Centros Comunitários para Idosos , Estilo de Vida Saudável , Qualidade de Vida , Brasil
8.
Index enferm ; 28(3): 120-124, jul.-sept. 2019. ilus, tab, mapas
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-192666

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: La meta de este estudio fue identificar la percepción de los enfermeros y médicos con respecto a los centros de atención de largo plazo, al mismo tiempo, explicar la intervención de los enfermeros en la prescripción médica. METODOLOGÍA: estudio multinacional transversal en el que participaron enfermeros y médicos en centros de cuidado geriátrico durante las fechas de abril y octubre de 2017. Se utilizaron tres cuestionarios en línea en idiomas francés e inglés. RESULTADOS: un 78.7% de médicos discutieron la relevancia que existe entre las prescripciones y enfermeros competentes. El mapeo demuestra la relación entre el nivel de evidencia que existe en el rol de enfermería y las prescripciones médicas, y enfermeros autorizados en los 51 países participantes. CONCLUSIONES: La relacion interpersonal entre médicos y enfermeros es esencial para facilitar el rol de enfermería en el manejo de tratamientos eficientes


OBJECTIVE: the aim of this study was to identify the perceptions of nurses and physicians and describe the involvement of nurses in medical prescription in general and that of antibiotics in particular, in geriatric institutions. METHODS: a cross-sectional multinational study was conducted among nurses and physicians in geriatric institutions between April and October 2017. Data was collected using three online questionnaires in both French and English. RESULTS: in total, 78.7% of doctors discussed the relevance of the prescription with competent nurses. A map shows the relationship between the evidence level of nursing role in medical prescription, and prescriptive authorization nurses in the 51 participating countries. CONCLUSIONS: interpersonal physician-nurse relationships are essential in facilitating the nursing role of effective treatment management


Assuntos
Humanos , Prescrições de Medicamentos/enfermagem , Centros Comunitários para Idosos , Percepção , Competência Clínica , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem , Relações Médico-Enfermeiro
9.
Int J Geriatr Psychiatry ; 34(11): 1715-1723, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31368583

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We describe the development of a lay-delivered behavioral intervention ("Do More, Feel Better") for depressed senior center clients, and we present preliminary data from a pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) on (a) the feasibility of training lay volunteers to fidelity and (b) the acceptability, impact, and safety of the intervention. METHODS: We trained 11 volunteers at two aging service settings in "Do More, Feel Better" and randomized 18 depressed clients to receive the intervention or referral to mental health services. RESULTS: Pilot data indicated that we can successfully train and certify 64% of older volunteers and that depressed clients receiving the intervention reported high levels of session attendance and satisfaction. While there were no significant differences in 12-week reduction in Hamilton Depression Rating Scale scores between groups, intervention clients showed an 8-point reduction in comparison with a 0-point reduction among referral clients. CONCLUSIONS: "Do More, Feel Better" has the potential of transferring evidence-based behavioral interventions to the hands of supervised lay volunteers and can address the insufficient workforce providing geriatric mental health services.


Assuntos
Terapia Comportamental/métodos , Transtorno Depressivo/terapia , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Serviços de Saúde para Idosos/organização & administração , Serviços de Saúde Mental/organização & administração , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Centros Comunitários para Idosos
10.
Drugs Aging ; 36(7): 655-666, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30924098

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although the rate of cannabis use by older adults is increasing more quickly than all other age groups, little is known about the reasons why older adults use cannabis and the outcomes they experience. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify the most salient themes concerning the use of medical and recreational cannabis by older adults living in Colorado. Specifically, we sought to (1) characterize perceptions of cannabis use by users and non-users, (2) determine how older adults access cannabis, and (3) explicate both positive and negative outcomes associated with cannabis use. METHODS: Between June and November 2017, we conducted 17 focus groups in senior centers, health clinics, and cannabis dispensaries in 15 Colorado cities. Participants included 136 persons aged over 60 years who were both users and non-users of cannabis. We coded and analyzed session transcripts using thematic analysis with NVivo software. RESULTS: We identified 16 codes from which five main themes emerged. These themes included: a lack of education and research about cannabis, a lack of provider communication, access to medical cannabis, the outcomes of cannabis use, and a reluctance to discuss cannabis use. CONCLUSIONS: Older adults want more information about cannabis and desire to communicate with their healthcare providers. Older adults who used cannabis for medical purposes reported positive outcomes but highlighted difficulties in accessing medical cannabis. Older adults in Colorado also revealed how a stigma continues to be attached to using cannabis.


Assuntos
Uso da Maconha/epidemiologia , Maconha Medicinal/administração & dosagem , Manejo da Dor/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Cannabis , Colorado/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Centros Comunitários para Idosos/estatística & dados numéricos
11.
Logoped Phoniatr Vocol ; 44(1): 31-40, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30810439

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study shows how the spatial organization of objects and their use may impact locally produced order of activities and how that can affect the accomplishment of everyday activities by people with dementia. METHODS: The study is based on ethnomethodological conversation analysis of eight and a half hours of video recordings in three different settings. Eighteen sequences of activities identified were multimodally transcribed and analyzed. RESULTS: The availability or non-availability of objects, their arrangements and manipulations play a crucial role in the management of the order of activities and may present both challenges and facilitations for people with dementia. The organizations of objects directly influence the order of the activity, and the objects' potential use may afford actions that deviate from the trajectory and the order of the main activity. CONCLUSIONS: One of the significant uses of objects is how they contribute to the perceptual field where attention is organized for building actions. Participants in activities modify the perceptual field by manipulating objects in the material surrounds in response to the relevancies resulting from the unfolding activities. Therefore, spatial contingency is significant in the accomplishment of activities by people with dementia. As it is not self-evident that verbal instructions may result in the instructed actions accordingly, the rearrangement of objects and making them timely available to people with dementia may increase the possibilities of keeping the order of the activities intact.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Demência/terapia , Processos Grupais , Assistência ao Paciente/métodos , Comportamento Social , Comportamento Espacial , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Atenção , Demência/diagnóstico , Demência/psicologia , Feminino , Instituição de Longa Permanência para Idosos , Habitação , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Centros Comunitários para Idosos
12.
Rev. pesqui. cuid. fundam. (Online) ; 11(1): 173-180, jan.-mar. 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-968599

RESUMO

Objetivo: Analisar as contribuições do grupo de convivência de idosos para o envelhecimento ativo na perspectiva de seus participantes.Método:Estudo qualitativo, exploratório-descritivo, realizado com 14 idosos participantes de um grupo de convivência de uma Unidade Básica de Saúde. Os dados foram coletados por meio de entrevistas semi estruturadas, submetidas à análise de conteúdo de Bardin e analisadas à luz da Política de Envelhecimento Ativo. Resultados: Emergiram três categorias temáticas:"Grupo de convivência como oportunidade de lazer socializante para idosos"; "Grupo de Convivência como espaço de aprendizagem para os idosos"; "A importância do Grupo de Convivência no processo de promoção da saúde e envelhecimento ativo dos idosos".Conclusão: A percepção dos idosos frente a participação no grupo de convivência remeteu a momentos de lazer, socialização, aprendizado e melhora da saúde física e mental, contribuindo para ampliar a qualidade de vida enquanto envelhecimento ativo


Objective: To analyze the contributions of the elderly conviviality groups to active aging from the perspective of their participants. Methodology: A qualitative study, exploratory-descriptive, carried out with 14 elderly people from a conviviality groups of a Basic Health Unit. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews, submitted to content analysis and analyzed in light of the Active Aging Policy And World Aging and Health Report. Results: Three thematic categories emerged: "Conviviality groups as a socializing leisure opportunity for the elderly""; "Conviviality groups as a learning space for the elderly"; "The importance of the conviviality groups in the process of health promotion and active aging of the elderly". Conclusion: It was analyzed that the perception of the elderly regarding the participation in the conviviality groups referred to moments of leisure, socialization, learning and improvement of physical and mental health, contributing to increase the quality of life as an active aging


Objetivo: Analizar las contribuciones del grupo de convivencia de ancianos para el envejecimiento activo en la perspectiva de sus participantes.Metodología: Estudio cualitativo, exploratorio-descriptivo, realizado con 14 ancianos participantes de un grupo de convivencia de una Unidad Básica de Salud. Los datos fueron recolectados por medio de entrevistas semiestructuradas, sometidas a análisis de contenido y analizadas a la luz de la Política de Envejecimiento Activo E Informe Mundial del Envejecimiento y Salud. Resultados: emergieron tres categorías temáticas: "Grupo de convivencia como oportunidad de ocio socializante para ancianos"; "Grupo de Convivencia como espacio de aprendizaje para los ancianos"; "La importancia del Grupo de Convivencia en el proceso de promoción de la salud y envejecimiento activo de los ancianos". Conclusión: Se analizó que la percepción de los ancianos frente a la participación en el grupo de convivencia remitió a momentos de ocio, socialización, aprendizaje y mejora de la salud física y mental, contribuyendo a ampliar la calidad de vida como envejecimiento activo


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Centros Comunitários para Idosos/tendências , Centros Comunitários para Idosos/estatística & dados numéricos , Envelhecimento Saudável , Promoção da Saúde , Serviços de Saúde para Idosos
14.
Rev. pesqui. cuid. fundam. (Online) ; 11(2, n. esp): 297-303, jan. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-969395

RESUMO

Objective: The study's goal has been to identify depressive symptoms in elderly people living in communities or groups in the municipality of Petrolina, Pernambuco State, Brazil, through the Geriatric Depression Scale. Methods: It is a cross-sectional study that was carried out with 185 elderly people. Three structured and semistructured instruments were applied, including the Geriatric Depression Scale. Descriptive statistics and the logit model with Odds Ratio (OR) were used. The Kruskal Wallis and Mann Whitney tests were applied in order to evaluate the scale score. A significance level of 5% and a confidence interval of 95% were used. Results: The active elderly showed 36.2% of depressive symptoms. The multivariate model presented the gender (for men OR=0.31; p-value=0.043) and the health perception (OR=10.27 and p-value=0.001) as depression associated factors. Conclusion: There is a need for implementing strategies aiming to prevent depressive symptoms in elderly people, and also taking into consideration the factors associated with its occurrence


Objetivo: Identificar a ocorrência de sintomas depressivos a partir da Escala de Depressão Geriátrica em idosos participantes de centros e grupos de convivência de idosos no município de Petrolina-Pernambuco. Métodos: Estudo transversal com 185 idosos. Aplicaram-se três instrumentos estruturados e semiestruturados, incluindo a Escala de Depressão Geriátrica. Utilizou-se a estatística descritiva e o modelo logit com apresentação do odds ratio. Os testes de Kruskal Wallis e Mann Whitney foram aplicadas para avaliação do escore da escala. Adotou-se nível de significância de 5% e intervalo de confiança de 95%. Resultados: Observou-se ocorrência de 36,2% de sintomas depressivos nos idosos ativos. O modelo multivariado apresentou o sexo (homens OR=0,31; p-valor=0,043) e a percepção de saúde (ruim OR=10,27; p-valor=0,001) como fatores associados à depressão. Conclusão: Há necessidade da implantação de estratégias de prevenção para enfrentamento de depressão na pessoa idosa nos fatores que estiveram associados à sua ocorrência


Objetivo: Identificar la aparición de los síntomas depresivos en la Escala de Depresión Geriátrica en ancianos que participan de los centros y grupos de convivencia de ancianos en la ciudad de Petrolina, Pernambuco. Métodos: Estudio transversal con 185 ancianos. Se aplicaron tres instrumentos estructurados y semi-estructurados, incluyendo la Escala de Depresión Geriátrica. Se utilizó la estadística descriptiva y el modelo logit con presentación odds ratio. Las pruebas de Kruskal Wallis y Mann-Whitney se aplicaron para evaluar la puntuación de la escala. Se adoptó un nivel de significación de 5% y un intervalo de confianza de 95%. Resultados: Se ha observado una ocurrencia 36,2% de los síntomas depresivos en los ancianos activos. El modelo multivariado mostró sexo (hombres OR = 0,31 ; valor de p = 0,043) y percepción de la salud (OR = 10,27; p-valor = 0,001) como factores asociados a la depresión. Conclusión: Hay necesidad de implementar estrategias de prevención para hacer frente a la depresión en los ancianos en los factores que se asociaron con su ocurrencia


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Depressão/prevenção & controle , Depressão/terapia , Centros Comunitários para Idosos/estatística & dados numéricos , Testes Psicológicos
15.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 48: e20190061, 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1043171

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction Cohabitation and social interaction programs have been shown to enhance several aspects of the quality of life of the elderly. Objective This observational study assessed the oral health and oral health perception of participants of an elderly cohabitation program in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil. Material and method Calibrated dental students examined/interviewed 235 participants of the program. The oral examination considered Decayed, Missing, and Filled Teeth (DMFT) index, Community Periodontal Index (CPI), Periodontal Attachment Loss (PAL), use and need of prostheses, and presence of oral mucosal lesions. Oral health perception was verified with the Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) questionnaire. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics and chi-square test (α=0.05). Result The mean DMFT index was 24.3 teeth, with emphasis on the 'Missing' category. Upper and lower prosthetic needs were 53.6 and 71.1%, respectively. Fifty-five per cent of participants presented oral mucosal lesions. Moderate oral health perception prevailed (43%), with mean GOHAI score of 29.9. The negative perception on physical and pain/discomfort dimensions was statistically associated with lower prosthetic need (p<0.05). Conclusion The participants of the cohabitation program presented poor oral health and prevalence of moderate oral health perception. Lower prosthetic need was associated with negative perception.


Resumo Introdução Programas de convívio e interação social tem melhorado vários aspectos da qualidade de vida de idosos. Objetivo Este estudo observacional avaliou a saúde bucal e a percepção de saúde bucal de participantes de um programa de convívio de idosos em Santa Catarina, Brasil. Material e método Duzentos e trinta e cinco participantes do programa Cidade do Idoso foram examinados/entrevistados por estudantes calibrados. O exame bucal considerou: índice de dentes cariados, perdidos e obturados (CPO-D), Índice Periodontal Comunitário (IPC), índice de Perda de Inserção Periodontal (PIP), uso e necessidade de prótese e presença de lesões de mucosa bucal. A percepção de saúde bucal foi verificada pelo Índice de Avaliação de Saúde Bucal Geriátrica (GOHAI). Os dados foram analisados com estatística descritiva e teste qui-quadrado (α=0,05). Resultado O CPO-D médio foi de 24,3 dentes, com ênfase à categoria 'perdidos'. Necessidade de prótese superior e inferior correspondeu a 53,6 e 71,1%, respectivamente; 55% apresentaram lesões de mucosa bucal. Uma percepção de saúde bucal moderada prevaleceu (43%), com um escore médio do GOHAI de 29,9. Uma percepção negativa nas dimensões física e dor/desconforto foi estatisticamente associada com a necessidade de prótese inferior (p<0,05). Conclusão Os participantes do programa Cidade do Idoso apresentaram uma saúde bucal precária e uma percepção de saúde bucal predominantemente moderada. A necessidade de prótese inferior foi associada a uma percepção negativa de saúde bucal.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Perfil de Saúde , Inquéritos de Saúde Bucal , Centros Comunitários para Idosos , Idoso
16.
Creat Nurs ; 24(4): 251-257, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30567968

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stroke has a significant impact on mortality and disability in the United States. This led the aforementioned master's students to create a community-based educational intervention using stroke curriculum from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association (AHA/ASA). PURPOSE: The purpose of this evidence-based intervention project was to examine the effectiveness of public stroke education utilizing the AHA/ASA's Face, Arm, Speech, Time (FAST) curriculum for stroke symptom recognition and response (Jauch, et al., 2013) at three central Connecticut senior centers. DESIGN: This evidence-based intervention project was based on the theoretical framework of Dorothea Orem's Self-Care Deficit Theory (Petiprin, 2016). Nurses can provide stroke based education to older adults in the community, ultimately empowering participants to recognize and respond to stroke symptoms. METHODS: An educational session on the AHA/ASA FAST curriculum was presented by master's students to groups of senior adults at three different senior centers, followed by a post teach-back session conducted by the students in smaller groups to assess learning. The total number of participants was 62 (n = 62). RESULTS: The majority of participants (87%) were able to accurately teach back the four components of the FAST curriculum after the educational intervention. CONCLUSIONS: FAST was simple to teach and engaging for participants. Using the FAST curriculum in senior center populations increased the participants' awareness of stroke signs and symptoms, and their willingness to activate the 911 emergency system. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Educational interventions in the community with older adults can produce increased awareness of stroke symptoms and willingness to respond when necessary.


Assuntos
Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências , Educação em Saúde/organização & administração , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Idoso , Connecticut , Currículo , Avaliação Educacional , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Centros Comunitários para Idosos
17.
Clin Interv Aging ; 13: 1613-1619, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30233158

RESUMO

Introduction: The main goal of the present study was to examine the stereotype content model (SCM) assumption for universality and to test whether the mediating role of cultural views about older adult caregivers is maintained in other health care contexts. Methods: One hundred and sixty professionals and volunteers who worked with older adults in day care centers (DCCs) and senior citizen centers (SCCs) and 1,151 participants from a representative sample of the Spanish population were examined using the SCM questionnaire; older adult and personnel functioning were assessed through an observation procedure with two subscales of the Evaluation Scale from the Sistema de Evaluación de Residencias de Ancianos. Results: The results showed that the context does not seem to influence the cultural views about older adults held by caregivers. All results support the cultural stereotype pattern in which members of the older adult group are viewed with high warmth (HW) and low competence (LC) as posited by the SCM model. With respect to the mediation of cultural stereotypes on caregivers/older adult functioning, this has not been supported in this study. Neither cultural views of warmth (predicted by the SCM) nor views of competence (from our previous studies) influence either caregiver functional behaviors or older adult functioning. Conclusion: Two post hoc hypotheses can be inferred: 1) there is more variability in competence and warmth in DCCs and SCCs and 2) although we did not find significant differences in the pattern of competence and warmth in perceived cultural stereotypes about older adults, more healthy environments could reduce the influence of cognitive views on behavior.


Assuntos
Cuidadores/psicologia , Estereotipagem , Adulto , Centros-Dia de Assistência à Saúde para Adultos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Características Culturais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Teóricos , Centros Comunitários para Idosos , Espanha , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
18.
Can J Aging ; 37(4): 420-441, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30187839

RESUMO

ABSTRACTSenior centres have been identified as a "focal point" for delivering services to the rapidly growing older adult populations in Canada and the United States. Despite this important role, academic research studying senior centres has been limited. This scoping review identified English-language empirical research studies focusing on senior centres that were published in an academic journal in 2000 or later. A total of 58 studies were identified (n = 51 American and n = 7 Canadian). The majority of the articles focused on themes related to the participation of individuals at senior centres; a smaller number focused on themes related to the senior centre environment. Based on the findings, it is suggested that future research focus on benefits of senior centre programming, with specific focus on needs of baby boomers; key factors related to funding, space, and staffing; and the characteristics and role of senior centres in the Canadian context.


Assuntos
Centros Comunitários para Idosos/organização & administração , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Canadá , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Qualidade de Vida , Centros Comunitários para Idosos/tendências , Estados Unidos
19.
J Korean Acad Nurs ; 48(3): 349-361, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Coreano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29968690

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This ethnography was performed to explore patterns and meanings of healthy life among aged women using senior centers. METHODS: The informants were 21 individuals aged 65 years and older at 2 community-based senior centers. Data were collected from iterative fieldwork through in-depth interviews and participant observations and analyzed using text analysis and taxonomic methods developed by Spradley. Field notes were used with follow-up interviews and dialogue between authors to enhance interpretation. RESULTS: Patterns of healthy life among aged women using senior centers were categorized by age groups within the context of the four cultural elements of taking care of the body, relationality, temporality, and spatiality: active and passive control, maintenance of interdependence and individuality, expansion and maintenance of the daily routine, unity of peer relations and sustenance of family relations, spending time productively and tediously, and complementary and alternative space of the family relations. CONCLUSION: The informants in this study demonstrated healthy life by maintaining and strengthening continuous relationships developed in the senior centers without being isolated from the family and society. Patterns of their healthy life differed across age groups within the socio-cultural context. Therefore, interventions should be tailored to address age groups and community needs.


Assuntos
Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Atividades Cotidianas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Exercício Físico , Relações Familiares , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Centros Comunitários para Idosos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Saúde da Mulher
20.
Res Gerontol Nurs ; 11(6): 317-328, 2018 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29989644

RESUMO

Older adult immigrants are often socially isolated and vulnerable to poor health. Adult day service (ADS) centers could potentially facilitate social integration and address their long-term health care needs. The current review (a) identifies barriers to and facilitators of ADS use among immigrants, (b) explores how ADS programs impact older adult immigrants' health and well-being, and (c) isolates the most effective culturally based components of ADS programs. An integrative review was conducted using Whittemore and Knafl's methodology. Four databases were searched. Articles were critically appraised and data were organized within an ADS-specific framework. Functional impairment, race, gender, and degree of loneliness were all predictors of ADS use. ADS enhanced immigrants' quality of life and provided fulfillment. Transportation, bilingual nurses, peer support, and cultural activities were deemed essential by participants. ADS can provide support to older adult immigrants by adding cultural elements to existing services and using nurses as cultural liaisons. More research is needed to assess the impact of ADS on disease outcomes, including dementia, and on immigrants in multi-ethnic settings. [Res Gerontol Nurs. 2018; 11(6):317-328.].


Assuntos
Centros-Dia de Assistência à Saúde para Adultos/estatística & dados numéricos , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Emigrantes e Imigrantes/psicologia , Grupos Étnicos/psicologia , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/psicologia , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Centros Comunitários para Idosos/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Emigrantes e Imigrantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Grupos Étnicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estados Unidos
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