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3.
Am Surg ; 86(1): 15-20, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32077411

RESUMO

The American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma requires that trauma centers with greater than 10 per cent injured patients admitted to non-trauma services (NTSs) have processes to review these for appropriateness of care. We previously described an algorithm to determine the appropriateness of NTS admissions. Our objective was to determine if the outcome and process of care was similar between TS- and NTS-admitted patients. We conducted a retrospective analysis of our trauma registry. NTS-appropriate patients by algorithm were included. Differences between patients admitted to a TS and an NTS were compared. Nine hundred forty-one patients met the algorithm criteria as appropriate for the NTS; 694 were admitted to TS and 247 to NTS. Contact with TS was the most common association with admission to TS. NTS patients were older and had similar Injury Severity Scores, and a similar proportion had three or greater pre-existing comorbidities. NTS-admitted patients had similar risk for mortality and complications, but longer length of stay, and were less likely to have a desirable discharge disposition. Minimally injured elderly patients constitute most of NTS and a large proportion of TS admissions. NTS admission seems appropriate with respect to mortality and complications. Differences in the care process may have accounted for longer length of stay and differences in disposition destination.


Assuntos
Hospitalização , Avaliação de Processos em Cuidados de Saúde , Centros de Traumatologia/organização & administração , Adulto , Idoso , Algoritmos , Feminino , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estados Unidos
4.
J Surg Res ; 246: 269-273, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31614324

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A structured family meeting (FM) is recommended within 72 h of admission for trauma patients with high risk of mortality or disability. Multidisciplinary FMs (MDFMs) may further facilitate decision-making. We hypothesized that FM within three hospital days (HDs) or MDFM would be associated with increased use of comfort measures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed all adult trauma deaths at an academic level 1 trauma center from December 2014 to December 2017. Death in the first 24 h or on nonsurgical services were excluded. Demographics, injury characteristics, FM characteristics, and outcomes such as length of stay (LOS) were recorded. Early FM was defined as occurring within three HDs; MDFM required attendance by two or more specialty teams. RESULTS: A total of 177 patients were included. Median LOS was 6 d (interquartile range 4-12). FMs were documented in 166 patients (94%), with 57% occurring early. MDFM occurred in 49 (28%), but usually occurred later (median HD 5 and interquartile range 2-8). Early FM was associated with reduced LOS (5 versus 11 d, P < 0.001), ventilator days (4 versus 9 d, P < 0.001), and deaths during a code (1.2% versus 13.2%, P < 0.001). MDFM was associated with higher use of comfort measures (88% versus 68%, P < 0.05). Of patients who transitioned to comfort care status (n = 130, 73.4%), code status change occurred earlier if an early FM occurred (5 versus 13 d, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: MDFM is associated with increased comfort care measures, whereas early FM is associated with reduced LOS, ventilator days, death during a code, and earlier comfort care transition.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisões , Família , Planejamento de Assistência ao Paciente , Assistência Terminal/organização & administração , Ferimentos e Lesões/terapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/organização & administração , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cuidados Paliativos/organização & administração , Cuidados Paliativos/estatística & dados numéricos , Transferência de Pacientes/organização & administração , Transferência de Pacientes/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Centros de Traumatologia/organização & administração , Centros de Traumatologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Índices de Gravidade do Trauma , Ferimentos e Lesões/diagnóstico , Ferimentos e Lesões/mortalidade
5.
J Surg Res ; 246: 153-159, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31586889

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Injured children who arrive by self-transport to the emergency department (ED) may receive delayed or inadequate care. We studied differences in demographics, clinical characteristics, and trauma activation status for admitted pediatric trauma patients based on arrival by self-transport or Emergency Medical Services (EMS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study at two level I pediatric trauma centers. INCLUSION CRITERIA: <15 y old with blunt or penetrating injury. We used univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses to determine associations between trauma activation, ED length of stay (LOS), and hospital LOS with demographic and clinical characteristics. RESULTS: We identified 1161 patients: 40.1% arrived by self-transport and 59.9% by EMS. Self-transport patients were less likely to have an abnormal Glasgow Coma Scale score < 15 (2.1% versus 22.0%, P < 0.001) and Injury Severity Score > 15 (2.4% versus 11.7%, P < 0.001). Trauma activation was initiated in 52.5% of patients, occurring less often in self-transport than EMS patients (2.4% versus 86.2%, P < 0.001). Trauma activation rate was negatively associated with arrival by self-transport (odds ratio [OR] 0.001, 95% CI 0.00-0.003), positively associated with Glasgow Coma Scale <15 (OR 25.9, 95% CI 6.6-101.2) and site (OR 15.4, 95% CI 6.3-37.5) but not with Injury Severity Score >15 (OR 2.8, 95% CI 0.8-9.2). Self-transport arrival was associated with longer ED LOS (estimated regression slope 0.47, 95% CI 0.13-0.82). CONCLUSIONS: Almost half of admitted pediatric trauma patients arrived by self-transport; however, trauma team activation rarely occurs for these patients. Trauma team activation may be underutilized in self-transport patients with injuries resulting in hospital admission.


Assuntos
Transporte de Pacientes/estatística & dados numéricos , Centros de Traumatologia/organização & administração , Triagem/organização & administração , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/diagnóstico , Ferimentos Penetrantes/diagnóstico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/organização & administração , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/normas , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Utilização de Instalações e Serviços/organização & administração , Utilização de Instalações e Serviços/normas , Utilização de Instalações e Serviços/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Admissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Padrões de Prática Médica/normas , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Centros de Traumatologia/normas , Centros de Traumatologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Triagem/normas , Triagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Estados Unidos , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/terapia , Ferimentos Penetrantes/terapia
6.
J Surg Res ; 246: 544-549, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31635832

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Teamwork is a critical element of trauma resuscitation. Assessment tools such as T-NOTECHS (Trauma NOn-TECHnical Skills) exist, but correlation with patient outcomes is unclear. Using emergency department thoracotomy (EDT), we sought to describe T-NOTECHS scores during resuscitations. We hypothesized that patients undergoing EDT whose resuscitations had better scores would be more likely to have return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). METHODS: Continuously recording video was used to review all captured EDTs over a 24-mo period. We used a modification of the validated T-NOTECHS instrument to measure five domains on a 3-point scale (1 = best, 2 = average, 3 = worst). A total T-NOTECHS score was calculated by one of three reviewers. The primary outcome was ROSC. ROSC was defined as an organized rhythm no longer requiring internal cardiac compressions. Associations between variables and ROSC were examined using univariate regression. RESULTS: Sixty-one EDTs were captured. Nineteen patients had ROSC (31%) and 42 (69%) did not. The median T-NOTECHS score for all resuscitations was 8 [IQR 6-10]. As demographic and injury data (age, gender, mechanism, signs of life) were not associated with ROSC in univariate analysis, they were not considered for inclusion in a multivariable regression model. The association between overall T-NOTECHS score and ROSC did not reach statistical significance, but examination of the individual components of the T-NOTECHS score demonstrated that, compared to resuscitations that had "average" (2) or "worst" (3) scores on "Assessment and Decision Making," resuscitations with a "best" score were 5 times more likely to lead to ROSC. CONCLUSIONS: Although the association between overall T-NOTECHS scores and ROSC did not reach statistical significance, better scores in the domain of assessment and decision making are associated with improved rates of ROSC in patients arriving in cardiac arrest who undergo EDT. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV Therapeutic/Care Management.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisão Clínica/métodos , Parada Cardíaca/terapia , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Gravação em Vídeo , Ferimentos e Lesões/terapia , Adulto , Competência Clínica , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/organização & administração , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Parada Cardíaca/etiologia , Parada Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pennsylvania , Ressuscitação/métodos , Toracotomia/métodos , Centros de Traumatologia/organização & administração , Ferimentos e Lesões/complicações , Ferimentos e Lesões/diagnóstico
7.
J Surg Res ; 246: 482-489, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31635833

RESUMO

The Joint Commission has established medication reconciliation as a National Patient Safety Goal, but it has not been studied much in trauma even though it is integral to safe patient care. This article reviews the existing medication reconciliation strategies and their applicability to the trauma setting. To perform medication reconciliation, hospitals use a variety of strategies including pharmacists or pharmacy technicians, electronic medical record tools, and patient-centered strategies. All of these strategies are limited in trauma. Subpopulations such as injured children, the elderly, and those with brain trauma are particularly challenging and are at risk for suboptimal care from inaccurate medication reconciliation. Further research is necessary to create a safe and efficient system for trauma patients.


Assuntos
Reconciliação de Medicamentos/organização & administração , Segurança do Paciente , Centros de Traumatologia/organização & administração , Ferimentos e Lesões/terapia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Criança , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde/organização & administração , Humanos , Assistência Centrada no Paciente/organização & administração , Farmacêuticos/organização & administração , Técnicos em Farmácia/organização & administração , Papel Profissional , Estados Unidos
8.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 102(1): 36-42, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31660752

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The temporal patterns and unit-based distributions of trauma patients requiring surgical intervention are poorly described in the UK. We describe the distribution of trauma patients in the UK and assess whether changes in working patterns could provide greater exposure for operative trauma training. METHODS: We searched the Trauma Audit and Research Network database to identify all patients between 1 January 2014 to 31 December 2016. Operative cases were defined as all patients who underwent laparotomy, thoracotomy or open vascular intervention. We assessed time of arrival, correlations between mechanism of injury and surgery, and the effect of changing shift patterns on exposure to trauma patients by reference to a standard 10-hour shift assuming a dedicated trauma rotation or fellowship. RESULTS: There were 159,719 patients from 194 hospitals submitted to the Network between 2014 and 2016. The busiest 20 centres accounted for 57,568 (36.0%) of cases in total. Of these 2147/57,568 patients (3.7%) required a general surgical operation; 43% of penetrating admissions (925 cases) and 2.2% of blunt admissions (1222 cases). The number of operations correlated more closely with the number of penetrating rather than blunt admissions (r = 0.89 vs r = 0.51). A diurnal pattern in trauma admissions enabled significant increases in trauma exposure with later start times. CONCLUSIONS: Centres with high volume and high penetrating rates are likely to require more general surgical input and should be identified as locations for operative trauma training. It is possible to improve the number of trauma patients seen in a shift by optimising shift start time.


Assuntos
Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina/métodos , Cirurgia Geral/educação , Admissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Traumatologia/educação , Ferimentos e Lesões/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Inglaterra , Feminino , Hospitais com Alto Volume de Atendimentos , Humanos , Irlanda , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Admissão e Escalonamento de Pessoal/organização & administração , Admissão e Escalonamento de Pessoal/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Jornada de Trabalho em Turnos/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Tempo , Centros de Traumatologia/organização & administração , Centros de Traumatologia/estatística & dados numéricos , País de Gales , Local de Trabalho/organização & administração , Local de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Ferimentos e Lesões/cirurgia
9.
J Surg Res ; 246: 224-230, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31606512

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Older patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) have higher mortality and morbidity than their younger counterparts. Palliative care (PC) is recommended for all patients with a serious or life-limiting illness. However, its adoption for trauma patients has been variable across the nation. The goal of this study was to assess PC utilization and intensity of care in older patients with severe TBI. We hypothesized that PC is underutilized despite its positive effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The National Inpatient Sample database (2009-2013) was queried for patients aged ≥55 y with International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes for TBI with loss of consciousness ≥24 h. Outcome measures included PC rate, in-hospital mortality, discharge disposition, length of stay (LOS), and intensity of care represented by craniotomy and or craniectomy, ventilator use, tracheostomy, and percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy. RESULTS: Of 5733 patients, 78% died in hospital with a median LOS of 1 d, and 85% of the survivors were discharged to facilities. The overall PC rate was 35%. Almost 40% of deaths received PC, with nearly half within 48 h of admission. PC was used in 26% who had neurosurgical procedures, compared with 35% who were nonoperatively managed (P = 0.003). PC was associated with less intensity of care in the entire population. For survivors, those with PC had significantly shorter LOS, compared with those without PC. CONCLUSIONS: Despite high mortality, only one-third of older patients with severe TBI received PC. PC was associated with decreased use of life support and lower intensity of care. Significant efforts need to be made to bridge this quality gap and improve PC in this high-risk population.


Assuntos
Cuidados de Suporte Avançado de Vida no Trauma/estatística & dados numéricos , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/terapia , Cuidados Paliativos/estatística & dados numéricos , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Centros de Traumatologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Cuidados de Suporte Avançado de Vida no Trauma/organização & administração , Cuidados de Suporte Avançado de Vida no Trauma/tendências , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/diagnóstico , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/mortalidade , Bases de Dados Factuais/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde/organização & administração , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde/tendências , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cuidados Paliativos/normas , Cuidados Paliativos/tendências , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Padrões de Prática Médica/normas , Padrões de Prática Médica/tendências , Melhoria de Qualidade/organização & administração , Melhoria de Qualidade/estatística & dados numéricos , Melhoria de Qualidade/tendências , Estudos Retrospectivos , Centros de Traumatologia/organização & administração , Centros de Traumatologia/tendências , Estados Unidos
10.
J Nurs Care Qual ; 35(1): 40-44, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31145184

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Unit-based initiatives were deployed independently creating silos in practice variability across the system with little impact on reduction of central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI). PROBLEM: The goal was to decrease CLABSI systemwide by establishing standardized evidence-based practice (EBP) procedures to advance nursing practice. APPROACH: A new innovative method, the Ferrari Method for Practice Standardization, enhanced the quality infrastructure by merging EBP and lean methodology to translate nursing innovations into practice. Leveraging a culture of shared decision making to support autonomy, as well as collaborating interprofessionally, allowed the organization to standardize and sustain CLABSI prevention. OUTCOMES: The Ferrari Method for Practice Standardization successfully reduced CLABSI rates by 48% over a 1-year improvement cycle. Eight standardized EBP clinical procedures were developed and implemented across the organization. CONCLUSION: The implementation of the Ferrari Method for Practice Standardization swiftly moves new knowledge into clinical practice to improve outcomes. Using standardized improvement methodology, it eases the interprofessional approval processes, maximizes autonomy, and focuses on quality care.


Assuntos
Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/prevenção & controle , Cateteres Venosos Centrais/efeitos adversos , Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/enfermagem , Humanos , Doença Iatrogênica/prevenção & controle , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Processo de Enfermagem/tendências , Melhoria de Qualidade/normas , Melhoria de Qualidade/estatística & dados numéricos , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde , Padrões de Referência , Centros de Traumatologia/organização & administração , Centros de Traumatologia/estatística & dados numéricos
11.
Am J Health Syst Pharm ; 76(16): 1226-1230, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31369114

RESUMO

PURPOSE: A national survey performed in 2007 found that only 23% of American College of Surgeons (ACS) trauma centers involved pharmacists in trauma resuscitation. This study describes interval change in use, perceptions, and responsibilities from 2007 to 2017. METHODS: Of the 419 trauma centers identified from the ACS website, contact information was available for 335. In March 2017, a survey assessing hospital demographics, pharmacist coverage and services, and perception of pharmacist value and use was emailed to the identified trauma representatives. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and chi-square analysis, as appropriate. RESULTS: The response rate was 33% (110/335). Pharmacist involvement with trauma resuscitation increased significantly from 23% in 2007 to 70% (p < 0.001) and in 71% of trauma centers was provided by pharmacists practicing within the emergency department. Pharmacist involvement was greatest in the Midwest (p < 0.01), but with similar distribution with regards to ACS designation, institution type, and patient volume. Common bedside responsibilities include calculating dosages (96%), preparing medications (89%), and providing medication information (79%), while trauma program/administrative responsibilities (45%) include trauma team education, pharmacy operations, medication safety, quality improvement data collection, research, review of quality assurance cases, ACS accreditation preparation, and others. The primary reason for not considering pharmacist involvement was unfamiliarity with these roles/benefits. CONCLUSION: Pharmacists are an increasingly important component of the trauma team, as evidenced by growth over the last decade. In addition to clinical benefit at the bedside, pharmacists can support the regular activities of a trauma program in many meaningful ways.


Assuntos
Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Farmacêuticos/organização & administração , Papel Profissional , Ressuscitação , Ferimentos e Lesões/terapia , Adulto , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/organização & administração , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviço de Farmácia Hospitalar/organização & administração , Serviço de Farmácia Hospitalar/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários/estatística & dados numéricos , Centros de Traumatologia/organização & administração , Centros de Traumatologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Estados Unidos
12.
Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med ; 27(1): 71, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31382982

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In France, the pre-hospital field triage of trauma patients is currently based on the Vittel criteria algorithm. This algorithm was originally created in 2002 before the stratification of trauma centers and, at the national level, has not been revised since. This could be responsible for the overtriage of trauma patients in Level I Trauma Centers. The principal aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between each Vittel field triage criterion and trauma patients' Injury Severity Score. METHODS: Our Level I Trauma Center receives an average of 300 trauma patients per year. Demographic and physiological data, along with the entire trauma patient management process and Vittel field triage criteria, are recorded in a local trauma registry. The Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and Injury Severity Score (ISS) are calculated after a complete assessment of the trauma victim during their in-hospital management. Results were concerned with the presence of an ISS of greater than 15, which defined a major trauma patient; mortality within 30 days; and admission to the intensive care unit. This study is a registry analysis from January 2013 to September 2017. RESULTS: Of the 1373 patients in the registry, 1151 were included in the analysis with a mean age of 43 years (± 19) and a median ISS of 13 (IQR = 5-22), where 887 (77%) were male. Nine of the 24 Vittel criteria were associated with an ISS > 15. In a multivariate analysis, no criterion related to kinetic elements was significantly correlated with an ISS > 15, mortality within 30 days, or admission to intensive care. Three algorithm categories were predictive of a major trauma patient (ISS > 15): physiological variables, pre-hospital resuscitation, and physical injuries, while kinetic elements were not. CONCLUSIONS: Criteria related to physiological variables, pre-hospital resuscitation, and physical injuries are the most relevant to predicting the severity of a trauma patient's condition. A revision of the VCA could potentially have beneficial effects on the over and undertriage phenomena, which constitute ongoing medical and financial concerns.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Sistema de Registros , Centros de Traumatologia/organização & administração , Triagem/métodos , Ferimentos e Lesões/diagnóstico , Escala Resumida de Ferimentos , Adulto , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Hospitalização , Humanos , Incidência , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Masculino , Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia
13.
Surgery ; 166(4): 587-592, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31447104

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Our regional trauma organization, which comprises 7 trauma centers, 30 acute care hospitals and free-standing emergency departments, and 42 emergency medical services agencies, conducted possibly the largest mass-casualty drill to date, totaling 445 victims at 3 sites involving 11 hospitals and 25 agencies and organizations. METHODS: The drill was preceded by a tabletop exercise 4 months beforehand called Operation Continued Care Full-Scale Exercise, which consisted of simulated terrorist events at 3 sites to wound 445 moulaged patients. Four law enforcement and 5 fire and emergency medical services departments and 16 supporting organizations and agencies were involved in transporting patients to 11 different hospitals. The 7 objectives for the event addressed coordinating emergency operations, sustaining adequate communications, updating regional bed status, processing resource requests, triaging patients, tracking patients, and patient identification. RESULTS: Of the 445 transported patients, 270 (60%) were entered correctly into the state patient tracking system; 68 (25.2%) upgrades and 34 (12.6%) downgrades from scene triage categories were noted. Multiple opportunities for improvement were identified, with major weaknesses noted in communication and coordination from event sites to the regional trauma organizations and hospitals. CONCLUSION: The size and complexity of the drill provided experience and knowledge to facilitate future disaster preparedness and highlighted weaknesses in communication and coordination. Large, multijurisdictional, multiagency exercises provide opportunities to stress, evaluate, and improve regional disaster preparedness.


Assuntos
Defesa Civil/organização & administração , Planejamento em Desastres/organização & administração , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/organização & administração , Incidentes com Feridos em Massa/mortalidade , Transporte de Pacientes/organização & administração , Centros de Traumatologia/organização & administração , Feminino , Bombeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Comunicação Interdisciplinar , Masculino , Incidentes com Feridos em Massa/prevenção & controle , Inovação Organizacional , Controle de Qualidade , Triagem , Estados Unidos
14.
Br J Hosp Med (Lond) ; 80(8): 472-475, 2019 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31437033

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Effective communication on surgical ward rounds should clarify for patients their management plan and answer questions adequately. Pressures on time conspire against this interchange of information. A patient-centred surgical communication check sheet was devised to enable rapid two-way transfer of information between surgeon and patient. METHODS: A quality improvement project involved three cycles. Through the use of a patient survey, distributed following the daily ward round, areas for improvement in communication were highlighted in cycle one. The surgical communication check sheet was introduced in cycle two, and modified before cycle three following discussion with the orthopaedic department. The surgical communication check sheet was handed out to patients before the ward round, and its efficacy was measured by evaluating ward round communication using the survey as in cycle one. RESULTS: Initial results showed a variable standard of communication, which improved following the introduction of the surgical communication check sheet in cycle two. In cycle three, 84.7% patients felt that the check sheet aided communication on the ward round. Measures of communication improved between cycles one and three: the percentage of patients with unanswered questions fell from 21.8% to 16.7%, the number of patients unsure why a test was done fell from 25.9% to 12.7%, and average understanding of the management plan rose from 64.7% to 83.3%. CONCLUSIONS: The introduction of the surgical communication check sheet improved ward round communication, and was welcomed by almost 85% of patients. Accounts from patients indicate two benefits of the check sheet: the surgeon is immediately aware of a patient with questions or concerns, allowing these to be adequately addressed, and patients can formulate questions before the ward round which bolsters their confidence to ask them.


Assuntos
Lista de Checagem , Assistência Centrada no Paciente/organização & administração , Relações Médico-Paciente , Melhoria de Qualidade , Visitas com Preceptor/organização & administração , Feminino , Humanos , Comunicação Interdisciplinar , Masculino , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Centros de Traumatologia/organização & administração
15.
Am Surg ; 85(6): 611-619, 2019 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31267902

RESUMO

The Medicare Severity Diagnosis Related Group (MS-DRG) weight, as derived from the MS-DRG assigned at discharge, is in part determined by the physician-documented diagnoses. However, the terminology associated with MS-DRG determination is often not aligned with typical physician language, leading to inaccurate coding and decreased hospital reimbursements. The goal of this study was to evaluate the impact of a diagnosis picklist within a paper-based history and physical examination (H&P) on the average MS-DRG weight and the Case-mix index (CMI). Our trauma center implemented a paper H&P form for trauma patients featuring picklist diagnoses aligned with the MS-DRG terminology and arranged by the physiologic system. To evaluate its impact, we conducted a cohort study using data from our trauma registry between July 2015 and November 2017. Our cohort included 442 (26.0%) paper and 1,261 (74.0%) dictated H&Ps. Average CMI (2.56 vs 2.15) and expected patients ($25,057 vs $19,825) were higher for the paper group (P < 0.001, P = 0.002). Adjusted regression models demonstrated paper coding to be associated with 0.265 CMI points, translating to an average increase in expected payment of 6.5 per cent per patient. Utilization of a standardized, paper-based H&P template with picklist diagnoses was associated with a higher trauma service CMI and higher expected payments. Preprinted diagnoses that align with the MS-DRG terminology lead to clinical documentation improvement.


Assuntos
Grupos Diagnósticos Relacionados/tendências , Documentação/tendências , Alta do Paciente/tendências , Melhoria de Qualidade , Centros de Traumatologia/organização & administração , Ferimentos e Lesões/diagnóstico , Centros Médicos Acadêmicos/organização & administração , Arizona , Intervalos de Confiança , Bases de Dados Factuais , Grupos Diagnósticos Relacionados/normas , Documentação/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Medicare/economia , Admissão do Paciente/normas , Admissão do Paciente/tendências , Alta do Paciente/normas , Alta do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Exame Físico/normas , Exame Físico/tendências , Sistema de Pagamento Prospectivo/normas , Sistema de Pagamento Prospectivo/tendências , Análise de Regressão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estados Unidos , Ferimentos e Lesões/classificação
16.
Emerg Med J ; 36(9): 529-534, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31326954

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Trauma team activation criteria have a variable performance in the paediatric population. We aimed to identify predictors for high-level resource utilisation during trauma resuscitation in the ED. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted in the ED of a tertiary paediatric hospital. Patient data were collected from trauma surveillance registry and analysis was performed to identify significant predictors. We then assessed the sensitivity and specificity of proposed models with respect to observed patient outcomes. RESULTS: Among 11 282 cases, the mean age was 6.1±4.9 (SD) years old. Fall was the most common mechanism of injury in 7364 (65.3%) patients. Eighty-eight (0.8%) patients required at least one high-level resource. Significant predictors for high-resource utilisation were overall GCS of <14 (relative risk (RR) 38.841, 95% CI 21.328 to 70.739, p<0.001), high-risk mechanisms of fall from height and motor vehicle collision (RR 7.863, 95% CI 4.687 to 13.192, p<0.001), as well as age-specific tachycardia (RR 1.796, 95% CI 1.145 to 2.817, p=0.0108). A model consisting of GCS and high-risk mechanism would under-triage 21 (0.2%) patients and over-triage 681 (6.0%) patients. When age-specific tachycardia was added, 8 (0.1%) less patients would be under-triaged but an additional 3251 (28.9%) patients would be over-triaged. CONCLUSION: As utilisation of high-level resources in paediatric trauma was rare, it was difficult to find an appropriate balance between under-triage and over-triage. Between the two, minimising the proportion of under-triage is more important as patient safety is paramount in paediatric trauma care.


Assuntos
Utilização de Instalações e Serviços/estatística & dados numéricos , Fidelidade a Diretrizes/estatística & dados numéricos , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Ressuscitação/estatística & dados numéricos , Ferimentos e Lesões/terapia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Utilização de Instalações e Serviços/organização & administração , Utilização de Instalações e Serviços/normas , Feminino , Escala de Coma de Glasgow/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitais Pediátricos/organização & administração , Hospitais Pediátricos/normas , Hospitais Pediátricos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Padrões de Prática Médica/organização & administração , Padrões de Prática Médica/normas , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Ressuscitação/normas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Singapura , Centros de Atenção Terciária/organização & administração , Centros de Atenção Terciária/normas , Centros de Atenção Terciária/estatística & dados numéricos , Centros de Traumatologia/organização & administração , Centros de Traumatologia/normas , Centros de Traumatologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Triagem/organização & administração , Triagem/normas , Triagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Ferimentos e Lesões/diagnóstico
17.
Arch Orthop Trauma Surg ; 139(12): 1705-1712, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31309288

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of an orthogeriatric treatment model on elderly patients with traumatic hip fractures (THF). The Geriatric Fracture Centre (GFC) is a multidisciplinary care pathway with attention for possible age-related diseases, discharge management and out-of-hospital treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study with a historical cohort group was conducted at a level I trauma centre in Switzerland. Patients over the age of 70 years with THFs who underwent surgical treatment at GFC in 2013 and 2016 were included. Primary outcomes were mortality and complications. Secondary outcomes were hospital length of stay (HLOS), time to surgery and place of discharge. RESULTS: A total of 322 patients were included in this study. In 2016, mortality showed a reduction of 2.9% at 30 days (p = 0.42) and 3.4% at 90 days (p = 0.42) and 0.1% at 1 year (p = 0.98). The number of patients with a complicated course showed a decrease of 2.2% in 2016 (p = 0.69). A significant increase in the diagnosis of delirium by 11.2% was seen in 2016 (p < 0.001). The median HLOS was significantly reduced by 2 days (p < 0.001). An increase of 21.1% was seen in patients who were sent to rehabilitation in 2016 (p < 0.001). Day-time surgery increased by 10.2% (p = 0.04). CONCLUSION: The implementation of the GFC leads to improved processes and outcomes for geriatric patients with THFs. Increased awareness and recognition led to an increase in the diagnosis of complications that would otherwise remain untreated. Expanding these efforts might lead to more significant effects and an increase in the reduction of morbidity and mortality in the future.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde para Idosos/organização & administração , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Ortopedia/organização & administração , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Delírio/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Fraturas do Quadril/mortalidade , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Estudos Prospectivos , Suíça , Centros de Traumatologia/organização & administração
18.
Prehosp Disaster Med ; 34(4): 356-362, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31322099

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: With the increasing availability of vehicle telemetry technology, there is great potential for Advanced Automatic Collision Notification (AACN) systems to improve trauma outcomes by detecting patients at-risk for severe injury and facilitating early transport to trauma centers. METHODS: National Automotive Sampling System Crashworthiness Data System (NASS-CDS) data from 1999-2013 were used to construct a logistic regression model (injury severity prediction [ISP] model) predicting the probability that one or more occupants in planar, non-rollover motor vehicle collisions (MVCs) would have Injury Severity Score (ISS) 15+ injuries. Variables included principal direction of force (PDOF), change in velocity (Delta-V), multiple impacts, presence of any older occupant (≥55 years old), presence of any female occupant, presence of right-sided passenger, belt use, and vehicle type. The model was validated using medical records and 2008-2011 crash data from AACN-enabled Michigan (USA) vehicles identified from OnStar (OnStar Corporation; General Motors; Detroit, Michigan USA) records. To compare the ISP to previously established protocols, a literature search was performed to determine the sensitivity and specificity of first responder identification of ISS 15+ for MVC occupants. RESULTS: The study population included 924 occupants in 836 crash events. The ISP model had a sensitivity of 72.7% (95% Confidence Interval [CI] 41%-91%) and specificity of 93% (95% CI 92%-95%) for identifying ISS 15+ occupants injured in planar MVCs. The current standard 2006 Field Triage Decision Scheme (FTDS) was 56%-66% sensitive and 75%-88% specific in identifying ISS 15+ patients. CONCLUSIONS: The ISP algorithm comparably is more sensitive and more specific than current field triage in identifying MVC patients at-risk for ISS 15+ injuries. This real-world field study shows telemetry data transmitted before dispatch of emergency medical systems can be helpful to quickly identify patients who require urgent transfer to trauma centers.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trânsito/estatística & dados numéricos , Sistemas de Comunicação entre Serviços de Emergência/organização & administração , Telemetria/métodos , Triagem/métodos , Ferimentos e Lesões/diagnóstico , Adulto , Algoritmos , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Michigan , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida , Tempo para o Tratamento , Transporte de Pacientes/organização & administração , Centros de Traumatologia/organização & administração , Resultado do Tratamento , Ferimentos e Lesões/mortalidade , Ferimentos e Lesões/terapia
19.
Emerg Med J ; 36(7): 395-400, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31217180

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Tranexamic acid (TXA) reduces bleeding and mortality. Recent trials have demonstrated improved survival with shorter intervals to TXA administration. The aims of this service evaluation were to assess the interval from injury to TXA administration and describe the characteristics of patients who received TXA pre-hospital and in-hospital. METHODS: We reviewed Trauma and Audit Research Network records and local trauma registries to identify patients of any age that received TXA at all London Major Trauma Centres and Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham, during 2017. We used the 2016 NICE Guidelines (NG39) which state that TXA should be given within 3 hours of injury. RESULTS: We identified 1018 patients who received TXA, of whom 661 (65%) had sufficient data to assess the time from injury to TXA administration. The median interval was 74 min (IQR: 47-116). 92% of patients received TXA within 3 hours from injury, and 59% within 1 hour. Half of the patients (54%) received prehospital TXA. The median time to TXA administration when given prehospital was 51 min (IQR: 39-72), and 112 min (IQR: 84-160) if given in-hospital (p<0.001). In-hospital TXA patients had less haemodynamic derangement and lower base deficit on admission compared with patients given prehospital TXA. CONCLUSION: Prehospital administration of TXA is associated with a shorter interval from injury to drug delivery. Identifying a proportion of patients at risk of haemorrhage remains a challenge. However, further reinforcement is needed to empower pre-hospital clinicians to administer TXA to trauma patients without overt signs of shock.


Assuntos
Tempo para o Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Ácido Tranexâmico/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Antifibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Antifibrinolíticos/farmacologia , Antifibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Hemorragia/tratamento farmacológico , Hemorragia/mortalidade , Humanos , Londres , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Ácido Tranexâmico/farmacologia , Ácido Tranexâmico/uso terapêutico , Centros de Traumatologia/organização & administração , Centros de Traumatologia/estatística & dados numéricos
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(25): e16133, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31232965

RESUMO

The American College of Surgeons (ACS) Committee on Trauma (COT) verification and State designation of trauma centers (TCs) into Level 1 or 2 establishes a distinction based on resources, trauma volume, and educational commitment. The ACS COT and individual states each verify TCs to differentiate performance levels. We aim to determine the relationship between ACS and State Level 1 versus 2, and injury-adjusted, all-cause mortality in a national sampling.TCs were identified by review of the National Sample Program (NSP) from the National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB)-the largest validated trauma database in the nation-of the year 2013. TCs were categorized by ACS or State Level 1 or 2 status, all others were excluded. Adjusted mortality was determined using observed/expected mortality (O/E) ratios, derived by trauma and injury severity score (TRISS) methodology. Chi-squared and t test analyses were used for categorical variables, with a statistical significance defined as P-value <.05.Of the 94 TCs in the NSP, 67 had ACS and 80 had State designations. There were 38 ACS Level 1 TCs and 29 ACS Level 2. For State designations, there were 45 as State Level 1 and 35 State Level 2. ACS Level 1 TCs had a similar O/E compared with ACS Level 2 verified centers (0.73 vs 0.75, chi-square, P = .36). Level 1 TCs designated by their state, had a similar O/E compared with State Level 2 centers (0.70 vs 0.74, chi-square, P = .08).Both ACS and State Level 1 and 2 trauma centers performed similarly on injury adjusted, all-cause mortality.


Assuntos
/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgiões/organização & administração , Centros de Traumatologia/normas , Estudos de Coortes , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Jurisprudência , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sociedades Médicas/normas , Sociedades Médicas/tendências , Cirurgiões/tendências , Centros de Traumatologia/organização & administração , Centros de Traumatologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia , Ferimentos e Lesões/terapia
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