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1.
Acta Med Acad ; 51(2): 123-127, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36318004

RESUMO

The aim of this report is to provide a brief review of the predisposing factors for Text Neck Syndrome, along with diagnostic and therapeutic approaches in young and adult populations. Text neck pain is a worldwide public health problem, largely reported nowadays. Currently, data have shown that the erroneous use of personal computers and cell phones might be correlated with the development of various clinical symptoms that are defined as "text neck syndrome". Modified radical changes in everyday life may ameliorate the powerful forces on the cervical spine that can lead to cervical degeneration, along with other developmental, medical, psychological, and social complications that are attributed to text neck syndrome. CONCLUSION: New technologies and the potentially harmful addiction to cell phones and computers while reading or texting are inducing an epidemic of text neck syndrome. By focusing on postural correction, both pain alleviation and a better quality of life can be achieved for the patient. The predisposing factors and therapeutic approaches for this syndrome that affects public health remain to be further elucidated.


Assuntos
Envio de Mensagens de Texto , Adulto , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Cervicalgia/epidemiologia , Cervicalgia/etiologia , Síndrome
2.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36229222

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the influence of individual factors and labor organization on the prevalence of neck pain (hereinafter referred to as neck pain) in automotive assemblers, and to provide a basis for enterprises to optimize neck pain interventions. Methods: A cluster random sampling method was taken in January 2021, at an automobile manufacturing plant in Shiyan, 656 assemblers with ≥1.0 years of service were selected, the "Musculoskeletal Disorder Questionnaire" was used to investigate the incidence and influencing factors of neck pain. Pearson χ(2) test or trend χ(2) test was used to compare the data rates. The influencing factors of neck pain were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression. Results: The prevalence rate of neck pain (hereinafter referred to as the prevalence rate of neck pain) of automobile assemblers within one year was 53.94% (342/634) . The prevalence of neck pain in women was higher than that in men (69.1% vs 48.6%, P<0.01) . The prevalence of neck pain was related to length of service, self-assessment of fatigue, working hours per week, working in the same workshop, rest days per shift, and accumulated rest time per shift (P<0.05) . Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of neck pain in women was 2.434 times higher than that in men; The risk of neck pain increased by 18.9% for each hour of work per week; Rest during work was a protective factor for neck pain. The number of rest per shift increased and the risk of neck pain decreased (r=0.405, 0.311, 0.302, 95%CI=0.205~0.803, 0.169~0.572, 0.142~0.642, P<0.05) . Conclusion: The annual prevalence of neck pain was higher in automobile assemblers. Enterprises should fully consider the influencing factors such as gender, working hours per week and the number of breaks when arranging production.


Assuntos
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Doenças Profissionais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/epidemiologia , Cervicalgia/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36293993

RESUMO

Neck pain and lower back pain are commonly reported by military pilots. That is why the answers to the following questions are important: (1) which part of the back (neck or lumbar spine) is more likely to be painful in military pilots as a result of high G-force, and (2) what intervention methods do pilots use as countermeasures for back pain resulting from high G-force? To answer these questions, the literature was searched in the following online databases: MEDLINE, PubMed, and Embase. A meta-analysis of eleven studies on pain in the neck-spine in fighter pilots vs. transport pilots showed pooled pulled OR = 1.69 (95% CI 1.25 to 2.29, I2 = 32%, p-value = 0.21); this outcome is consistent with most of the published results. A meta-analysis of five studies on pain in the lumbar spine (lower back) did not show a difference between fighter pilots vs. transport pilots with OR = 1 (95% CI 0.83 to 1.19, I2 = 0%, p-value = 0.96). The meta-analysis showed that of the two spinal segments evaluated, it was the cervical spine that showed more soreness in tactical fighter pilots. Prevention of lumbar and neck injuries should be combined with individual lumbar and neck support, as well as increasing back muscle strength through training.


Assuntos
Militares , Doenças Profissionais , Humanos , Região Lombossacral , Vértebras Lombares , Cervicalgia/epidemiologia , Cervicalgia/etiologia
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078439

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of static balance impairment in university student smartphone users with subclinical neck pain and identify the associated risk factors. Because of rapid and widespread smartphones use, and the subsequent effect on neck pain in university students, it is essential to determine the prevalence of balance impairment and associated factors in this population. Simple random sampling was completed among eighty-one participants in this cross-sectional study. A self-reported questionnaire, fitted precisely for smartphone users, was used prior to clinical assessment by the Balance Error Scoring System. Both simple and multiple logistic regressions were used to analyze the prevalence of static balance impairment and associated factors. The prevalence of static balance impairment in university student smartphone users with subclinical neck pain was 74.07% (95% CI: 64.32 to 83.82). The significant risk factors were "daily smartphone use ≥ 4 h'' (AOR: 19.24 (95% CI 4.72 to 78.48) p = 0.000), "≥4 years of smartphone use" (AOR: 5.01 (95% CI 1.12 to 22.38) p = 0.035), and "≥7 neck disability index score'' (AOR: 12.91 (95% CI 2.24 to 74.45) p = 0.004). There was a high prevalence of static balance impairment in university smartphone users with subclinical neck pain. University student smartphone users with subclinical neck pain who met at least one of the risk factors should realize their static balance impairment.


Assuntos
Cervicalgia , Smartphone , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Cervicalgia/epidemiologia , Cervicalgia/etiologia , Prevalência , Estudantes , Universidades
6.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 23(1): 842, 2022 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36057665

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neck pain is widespread among students in healthcare-related fields. Although neck pain is more prevalent in females, since most research involves mixed-sex samples we know very little about sex differences in contributors to neck pain. Thus, this study sought to explore sex differences in the risk factors for neck pain in this high-risk population. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in China in 2021 and included a sample of 1921 undergraduate healthcare students (693 males, 1228 females) from 7 health professional schools at Fujian Medical University. We collected data on neck pain symptoms, demographics, behavioral and psychological factors. Multiple regression analysis was conducted to examine sex differences in the risk factors of neck pain. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of neck pain was 41.6% with female students having a higher prevalence than male students (44.4% vs. 36.7%, respectively). The adjusted analyses showed that self-study time ≥ 6 h/day (OR = 1.44, 95% CI:1.13-1.83), flexed neck posture >20 degrees (OR = 2.19, 95% CI: 1.28-3.74), static duration posture >2 h (OR = 1.42, 95% CI: 1.02-1.97), and psychological distress (high: OR = 2.04, 95% CI:1.42-2.94; very high: OR = 2.50, 95% CI:1.57-3.74; respectively) were independent factors for neck pain in females. Among males, self-study time ≥ 6 h/day (OR = 1.43, 95% CI: 1.02-2.01) and psychological distress (moderate: OR = 2.04, 95% CI:1.28-3.25; high: OR = 2.37, 95% CI:1.49-3.79; very high: OR = 2.97, 95% CI:1.75-5.02; respectively) were significant risk factors for neck pain. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that the risk profiles of neck pain differ between females and males. The modifiable risk factors for neck pain, such as prolonged self-study time and elevated psychological distress, as well as poor posture among females, could be targeted through health promotion interventions in university settings.


Assuntos
Cervicalgia , Caracteres Sexuais , Estudos Transversais , Atenção à Saúde , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Cervicalgia/diagnóstico , Cervicalgia/epidemiologia , Cervicalgia/etiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35954709

RESUMO

(1) Background: The study aims to examine the use of cell phones on physical and mental health status and their impact on personality among university students. (2) Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using a semi-structured questionnaire. The association of physical and mental health variables with the demographic variables was examined using Pearson's correlation and χ2-test. The binary logistic regression model was further used to predict the probabilities of negative impact on personality due to excessive use of cell phones. (3) Results: A total of 400 participants participated with a mean age of 24.45 ± 3.45 years. The average eye strain was more in High cell phone users HCPU than in LCPU and that difference was significant p = 0.000. The average neck pain was more in (HCPU) than Low cell phone users (LCPU) and there was a significant difference between the two groups with p = 0.006. The average weight gain was more in HCPU than LCPU and that difference was significant p = 0.000. Considering back pain, back pain was found more in HCPU as compared to LCPU with a statistical difference at p = 0.027. Cell phone usage significantly correlated with eye strain (r = 0.577, p = 0.000), neck pain (r = 0.543, p = 0.000), back pain (r = 0.611, p = 0.000), weight gain (r = 0.423, p = 0.000), depression (r = 0.430, p = 0.000), loneliness (r = -0.276, p = 0.002), and mood disorder (r = 0.608, p = 0.000). Eye strain, neck pain, and back pain was observed more in HCPU than in LCPU. HCPU felt they gained more weight when compared to the respondents in the LCPU group. HCPU felt more changes in mood and feeling low when compared to the LCPU, while LCPU group felt more lonelier when compared to the HCPU group. (4) Conclusions: The study highlights a significant association between excess use of cell phones and negative effects on physical and mental health wellbeing. Based on the results, it is recommended that more physical activities and alternative to minimize cell phone usage should be planned for the students. Public health policy makers and stakeholder need to address the ill effects of excessive use of cell phones through novel policies., especially young students, and alternatives to reduce their cell phone activities.


Assuntos
Telefone Celular , Cervicalgia , Estudantes , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Cervicalgia/epidemiologia , Cervicalgia/etiologia , Estudantes/psicologia , Universidades , Aumento de Peso , Adulto Jovem
8.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 23(1): 673, 2022 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35836161

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Health domains like pain, disability, and health-related quality of life are commonly used outcomes for musculoskeletal disorders. Most prognostic studies include only one outcome, and it is unknown if prognostic factors and models may be generic across different outcomes. The objectives of this study were to examine the correlation among commonly used outcomes for neck pain (pain intensity, disability, and health-related quality of life) and to explore how the predictive performance of a prognostic model differs across commonly used outcomes. METHODS: We conducted an observational prospective cohort study with data from patients with neck pain aged 18-84 years consulting Norwegian chiropractors. We used three different outcomes: pain intensity (Numeric Pain Rating Scale), the Neck Disability Index (NDI), and health-related quality of Life (EQ-5D). We assessed associations between change in outcome scores at 12-weeks follow-up with Pearson's correlation coefficient. We used multivariable linear regression models to explore differences in explained variance and relationship between predictors and outcomes. RESULTS: The study sample included 1313 patients and 941 (72%) completed follow-up at 12 weeks. The strongest correlation was between NDI and EQ-5D (r = 0.57) while the weakest correlation was between EQ-5D and pain intensity (r = 0.39). The correlation between NDI and pain intensity was moderate (r = 0.53) In the final regression models, the explained variance ranged from adjusted R2 of 0.26 to 0.60, highest with NDI and lowest with pain intensity as outcome. The predictive contributions of the included predictors were similar across outcomes. Among the investigated predictors, pain patterns and the baseline measure of the corresponding outcome measure contributed the most to explained variance across all outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: The highest correlation was found between NDI and EQ-5D and the lowest with pain intensity. The same prognostic model showed highest predictive performance with NDI as outcome and poorest with pain intensity as outcome. These results suggest that we need more knowledge on the reasons for the differences in predictive performance variation across outcomes.


Assuntos
Vértebras Cervicais , Cervicalgia , Estudos de Coortes , Avaliação da Deficiência , Humanos , Cervicalgia/diagnóstico , Cervicalgia/epidemiologia , Cervicalgia/terapia , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35886392

RESUMO

Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) represent a significant occupational burden for dentists and dentistry students. This study aimed to assess the five-year development of most common musculoskeletal complaints among dentistry students during the whole length of their studies and to analyze the impact of some potentially associated risk factors. A longitudinal questionnaire survey regarding the occurrence of MSDs was conducted among a total of 73 dentistry students between 2014 and 2021. The same students enrolled in three consecutive years were monitored throughout their entire studies. Statistical analysis was performed using methods of descriptive statistics, Chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, McNemar test, and univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. The most frequent areas of complaints were neck (61.6%) and lower back (49.3%). The increase in self-reported complaints between the first and the fifth year was statistically significant for neck pain (increase by 15%, p = 0.043) but not for lower back pain (by 6.8%, p = 0.44). According to our data, age, performing top-level sport, and participating in regular sporting activities had a statistically significant influence on neck and/or back pain. The results of this longitudinal prospective study showed that neck, as well as lower back pain, are significant problems for dentistry students.


Assuntos
Dor Lombar , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Doenças Profissionais , Odontologia , Humanos , Dor Lombar/epidemiologia , Dor Lombar/etiologia , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/epidemiologia , Cervicalgia/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 23(1): 459, 2022 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35578231

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neck pain is a common health problem in the general population as well as in people after natural disasters. Sleep disturbances are gaining attention as risk factors for musculoskeletal pain; however, the association between sleep disturbance and neck pain has not been clarified. The present study aimed to clarify the association between sleep disturbance and neck pain, especially focusing on the effect of the duration of sleep disturbance, after the Great East Japan Earthquake. METHODS: This study used 3-year longitudinal data obtained from individuals (n = 2,059) living in disaster-affected areas after the Great East Japan Earthquake. Sleep disturbance and neck pain were investigated at 4, 5, 6, and 7 years after the disaster. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were used for the assessment. RESULTS: Sleep disturbance was significantly associated with neck pain, and the association was stronger as the duration of sleep disturbance increased (adjusted odds ratios [95% confidence intervals]: 1.84 [1.23-2.75] for " < 1 year"; 2.41 [1.53-3.81] for " ≥ 1 year and < 2 years"; 2.80 [2.09-3.76] for " ≥ 2 years"). Furthermore, preceding sleep disturbance was significantly associated with the onset of neck pain, and the association was stronger as the duration of sleep disturbance increased (adjusted odds ratios [95% confidence intervals]: 1.86 [1.08-3.20] for " < 1 year"; 2.39 [1.22-4.70] for " ≥ 1 year and < 2 years"; 3.00 [1.94-4.65] for " ≥ 2 years"). CONCLUSIONS: Sleep disturbance is associated with neck pain, and long-lasting sleep disturbance strengthens the association. Clinicians should consider this association to effectively treat patients with neck pain, especially those affected by natural disasters.


Assuntos
Terremotos , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Cervicalgia/complicações , Cervicalgia/diagnóstico , Cervicalgia/epidemiologia , Sono , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/complicações , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/diagnóstico , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia , Sobreviventes
11.
J Psychosom Res ; 158: 110927, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35526400

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Back pain is associated with substantial Global Burden of Disease and is highly comorbid with mood and anxiety symptoms and syndromes. However, mechanisms underlying this association have not been well-elucidated. Here we apply data from the NIMH Family Study of Affective Spectrum Disorders to investigate the comorbidity, familial aggregation, and cross-aggregation of back/neck pain with mood disorder subtypes. METHODS: The sample includes 519 probands and 560 interviewed first-degree relatives. Lifetime DSM-IV Bipolar I, Bipolar II, and Major Depressive Disorder [MDD] were derived from semi-structured diagnostic interviews. Lifetime history of back or neck pain and its age of onset were self-reported retrospectively. Familial aggregation and cross-aggregation were estimated via mixed effects models in probands and interviewed first-degree relatives, while heritability and co-heritability (endophenotypic ranking value [ERV]) were estimated using full pedigrees. RESULTS: Over 45% of participants endorsed a history of back/neck pain. Back/neck pain was familial (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 1.5, p = 0.04; h2 = 0.24, p = 0.009). Back/neck pain in probands was associated with MDD in relatives (aOR 1.5, p = 0.04; ERV = 0.17, p = 0.024), but not with bipolar disorder. Onset of back/neck pain occurred earlier in those with bipolar disorder compared to controls. CONCLUSION: Findings suggest common familial risk factors underlying back/neck pain with MDD, whereas there was within-individual comorbidity of bipolar with back/neck pain. Future studies that identify common factors that lead to either back/neck pain or MDD can inform prevention and interventions.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Comorbidade , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/diagnóstico , Família/psicologia , Humanos , Transtornos do Humor/epidemiologia , National Institute of Mental Health (U.S.) , Cervicalgia/epidemiologia , Cervicalgia/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estados Unidos
12.
Eur J Pain ; 26(7): 1460-1468, 2022 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35536235

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic low back pain (LBP), neck pain (NP), and sleep quality (SQ) are genetically influenced. All three conditions frequently co-occur and shared genetic aetiology on a pairwise base has been reported. However, to our knowledge, no study has yet investigated if these three conditions are influenced by the same genetic and environmental factors and the extent and pattern of genetic overlap between them, hence the current research. METHODS: The sample included 2134 participants. Lifetime prevalence of NP and LBP were assessed through a dichotomous self-reported question derived from the Spanish National Health Survey. SQ was measured using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index Questionnaire. A common pathway model with sleep quality and back pain as latent factors was fitted. RESULTS: Our results highlight that a latent back pain factor, including both NP and LBP, is explained by both genetic (41%) and environmental (59%) factors. There are also significant unique environmental factors for NP (33%) and LBP (37%) respectively. Yet, specific genetic factors were scant (9%) for NP and negligible for LBP (0%). Genetic and environmental factors affecting SQ only contribute with 3% and 5% of the variance, respectively, to the common latent back pain variable. CONCLUSIONS: NP and LBP share most of their genetic variance, while environmental effects show greater specificity for each of the back pain locations. Associations with SQ were of a limited magnitude. SIGNIFICANCE: Our results confirm a significant association between both chronic NP and LBP and sleep quality. Such relationship comprises both genetic and environmental factors, with a greater relative weight of the latter. A large part of the individual variance for chronic LBP and chronic NP can be accounted for by a latent common factor of 'back pain'. Genetic influences for LBP and NP were mainly shared. However, environmental influences were common for both problems and specific for each of them in similar magnitudes.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica , Dor Lombar , Dor Crônica/complicações , Dor Crônica/epidemiologia , Dor Crônica/genética , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Dor Lombar/epidemiologia , Dor Lombar/genética , Cervicalgia/epidemiologia , Cervicalgia/genética , Qualidade do Sono
13.
Front Public Health ; 10: 726826, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35433581

RESUMO

Objectives: To investigate the characteristics of neck-shoulder pain (NSP) and explore the potentional relationship between the NSP and the individual and work organizational variables. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed in the tertiary general hospitals in Hunan Province, China between May 2019 and July 2019. A total of 2,030 healthcare workers were enrolled randomly in this study based on a three-stage stratified sampling method. The Neck Disability Index (NDI) was used to measure disability in subjects with neck pain. A self-administered questionnaire was used to assess the characteristics of individual and work organizational variables. The Mann-Whitney U test and the Kruskal-Wallis H test were applied to analyze the prevalence of pain intensity among groups. Multivariate linear regression analysis was performed to explore the potentional relationship between NSP and individual and work organizational variables using the NDI score as the dependent variable. Results: 2,008 of 2,030 healthcare workers filled out the survey questionnaires online. In the past 12 months, 1,489 participants (74.2%) complained of pain in the cervical-shoulder region. NDI score increased by 0.10 for each year of age, with healthcare workers working in Obstetrics and Gynecology, and the Operating Room less likely to have NSP than those working in other departments. In contrast, female healthcare workers with a history of pregnancy were more likely to have NSP. In terms of organizational factors, workers who received concern from their supervisor about their health, who had the choice to change their shift status to off duty when they were not feeling well, or who were informed about WMSDs were less likely to have NSP. Conclusion: The prevalence of NSP within the previous year was high in this population. Individual factors including history of neck-shoulder diseases, age, and history of pregnancy and organizational factors including being adequately informed regarding WMSDs, concern from supervisors about workers' health, and the ability of workers to change their shift status to off duty when they were not feeling well were shown to induce significant effects to NSP.


Assuntos
Doenças Profissionais , Dor de Ombro , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Cervicalgia/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Dor de Ombro/epidemiologia
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35457756

RESUMO

University students have the highest smartphone-use addiction, which coincides with a rising number in instances of neck pain. As the time in smartphone use increases, neck flexion tends to increase. These positions can affect the spinal cord by the direct and indirect mechanisms which lead to cervical myelopathy. Thus, the current study aimed to determine the prevalence and associated factors of clinical myelopathic signs in smartphone-using university students with neck pain. A total of 237 smartphone-using university students with neck pain participated in the study. They were 20 to 25 years old. Their clinical myelopathic signs were evaluated using standardized test procedures. The prevalence of the clinical myelopathic sign was the Trömner sign at 41.35%, the finger escape sign at 28.27%, Hoffmann's sign at 25.74%, and the inverted supinator sign at 18.14%. Smartphone usage ≥9.15 h per day was associated with ≥1 of a positive clinical myelopathic sign (adjusted OR = 1.85, 95% CI = 1.05 to 3.26, p = 0.05). The current study highlighted that prolonged smartphone usage may affect the spinal cord. Long duration (≥9 h per day) was associated with at least one positive clinical myelopathic sign. Therefore, smartphone-using university students need to keep their duration of smartphone use to less than 9 h per day. More attention should be given to increasing awareness about the importance of having healthy positions when using smartphones and using them for restricted durations in order to control the increasing prevalence of cervical myelopathy among smartphone-using university student in our societies.


Assuntos
Cervicalgia , Doenças da Medula Espinal , Adulto , Humanos , Cervicalgia/epidemiologia , Cervicalgia/etiologia , Prevalência , Smartphone , Doenças da Medula Espinal/epidemiologia , Estudantes , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
15.
Work ; 72(1): 181-188, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35431199

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ophthalmologists/Optometrists have a high incidence of neck pain. Little research has been conducted on specific equipment that predisposes these professionals to cervical discomfort. OBJECTIVE: Primary purpose: to determine if neck position is altered by slit lamp table design. Secondary purpose: to confirm the prevalence of neck pain in eye care professionals. METHODS: A survey of work-related pain was administered to 36 subjects (8 ophthalmologist, 2 optometrists, 26 technicians). The craniovertebral (CV) angle was measured in each subject in three separate positions (resting posture, best posture, slit lamp posture) between two different slit lamps/tables: slit lamp-deep and slit lamp-shallow. RESULTS: 79% of subjects reported neck pain in the last 6 months. The mean CV angle of all subjects at resting posture, best posture, and both slit lamp postures differed significantly. There was also a difference in CV angle between slit lamps. CONCLUSION: Neck pain is more prevalent in eye professionals than in the general population. The use of slit lamps promotes a forward head posture which decreases the CV angle, putting the user at risk for neck pain. By altering slit lamp table design, the CV angle of eye care professionals can be increased, reducing the risk for neck injury.


Assuntos
Cervicalgia , Lâmpada de Fenda , Humanos , Pescoço , Cervicalgia/epidemiologia , Postura , Prevalência , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35439860

RESUMO

Objective: To expore the correlation between neck disability, neck pain and muscle strength in cervical pondylosis of office worker, and to provide scientific basis for the prevention and treatment of cervical spondylosis. Methods: In April 2021 ,234 patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy treated in the Subsidiary Rehabilitation Hospital of Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine from April 2015 to April 2017 were selected, the correlation between Neck Disability Index (NDI) score, neck pain and muscle strength was analyzed using the Spearman rank correlation method. Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the difference of maximum muscle strength of isometric contraction. Results: NDI score was negatively correlated with neck flexion, extension, and muscle strength in the left and right flexion directions (r(s)=-0.164, -0.169, -0.222, -0.176, P=0.012, 0.010, 0.001 , 0.007). In mild and moderate functional disorder patients, the muscle strength in flexion, extension and left and right flexion direction was greater, the difference was statistically significant (P <0.01). Conclusion: There is a negative correlation between cervical functional disorder and cervical muscle strength in office workers, suggesting that strengthening cervical muscle strength may be a way to improve cervical spine function.


Assuntos
Vértebras Cervicais , Força Muscular/fisiologia , Músculos do Pescoço/fisiologia , Cervicalgia/etiologia , Doenças Profissionais/etiologia , Espondilose/etiologia , Humanos , Cervicalgia/epidemiologia , Cervicalgia/fisiopatologia , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/fisiopatologia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia , Espondilose/epidemiologia , Espondilose/fisiopatologia
17.
BMJ Open ; 12(4): e054512, 2022 04 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35414549

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Long-duration activity-limiting neck/back pain is common, but the knowledge of what work and lifestyle factors that influence the prognosis is sparse. The objective was therefore to evaluate if two factors, good self-perceived work ability and no daily smoking, are associated with a favourable prognosis of long-duration activity-limiting neck/back pain in a working population, and if these exposures have a synergistic prognostic effect. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study based on three subsamples from the Stockholm Public Health Cohort. SETTINGS: A working population in Stockholm County, Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals, 18-61 years old, reporting long-duration activity-limiting neck/back pain the previous 6 months at baseline in 2010 (n=5177). MEASURES: The exposures were: self-perceived work ability (categorised into good, moderate and poor) and daily smoking (no/yes). The outcome in 2014 was 'absence of long-duration activity-limiting neck/back pain' the previous 6 months representing a favourable prognosis of reported problems at baseline in 2010. Risk ratios (RRs) and risk differences (RDs) with 95% CI was estimated by general linear regressions, and the synergistic effect was estimated by the synergy index (SI) with 95% CI. RESULTS: Participants with moderate or good work ability, respectively, had an adjusted RR for a favourable prognosis of 1.37 (95% CI 1.11 to 1.69), and 1.80 (1.49 to 2.17) in comparison with participants with poor work ability. The corresponding adjusted RD were 0.07 (0.02 to 0.11) and 0.17 (0.12 to 0.22). Participants not smoking on daily basis had an adjusted RR of 1.21 (1.02 to 1.42), and an adjusted RD of 0.05 (0.01 to 0.10) for a favourable outcome compared with daily smokers. The adjusted SI was 0.92 (0.60 to 1.43). CONCLUSION: For participants with long-duration activity-limiting neck/back pain, moderate or good self-perceived work ability and not being a daily smoker were associated with a favourable prognosis but having both exposures seemed to have no synergistic prognostic effect.


Assuntos
Cervicalgia , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho , Adolescente , Adulto , Dor nas Costas/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cervicalgia/epidemiologia , Cervicalgia/etiologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Suécia/epidemiologia , Fumar Tabaco , Adulto Jovem
18.
J Occup Environ Med ; 64(4): e186-e190, 2022 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35467600

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We examined the association between workplace social capital (WSC) and presence of neck pain (NP) among workers. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 595 workers. Presence of NP was assessed using Numerical Rating scale. WSC (overall, bonding, bridging, and linking) was divided into three categories (low, middle, and high) based on tertile distributions. We used logistic regression analysis to investigate the association between WSC and presence of NP. RESULTS: Low overall, bonding, and linking social capital were significantly associated with presence of NP in comparison with each high social capital (overall: adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 1.76, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.14 to 2.73; bonding: aOR = 1.78, 95% CI = 1.19 to 2.67, linking: aOR = 2.18, 95% CI = 1.32 to 3.63). CONCLUSION: Lower WSC had an association with higher prevalence of NP among workers.


Assuntos
Capital Social , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Cervicalgia/epidemiologia , Cervicalgia/etiologia , Razão de Chances , Local de Trabalho
19.
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) ; 47(13): 944-953, 2022 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35275848

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence and clinical implications of graft morphologic changes in corticocancellous allografts used for anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), such as graft resorption or fracture. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Although cortico-cancellous allograft is one of the most commonly used interbody spacer for ACDF, clinical implications of allograft resorption or fracture is unclear. METHODS: One-hundred and thirty-eight consecutive patients who underwent ACDF for degenerative cervical myelopathy or radiculopathy were retrospectively reviewed. Patients with allograft morphologic changes, including graft resorption and fracture (morphologic change group), were compared with patients without morphologic changes (unchanged group). Furthermore, operated segments with morphologic changes were compared with unchanged segments. Patient characteristics, cervical lordosis, segmental lordosis, fusion, subsidence, neck pain visual analogue scale (VAS), arm pain VAS, and neck disability index (NDi) scores were evaluated. RESULTS: Ninety patients (149 segments) were included in the study. Allograft resorption or fracture was detected in 46 (51.1%) patients and 81 (54.3%) segments, respectively. The fusion rate of morphologic change segments was significantly lower than that of the unchanged segments (P < 0.001). Furthermore, segments with morphologic changes had significantly higher rates of subsidence compared to unchanged segments ( P < 0.001). Segmental lordosis at the final follow-up was significantly smaller in the morphologic change segments ( P < 0.001). Neck pain VAS, arm pain VAS, and NDI scores did not demonstrate significant intergroup differences. CONCLUSION: Corticocancellous allograft demonstrated a high rate of graft morphologic change (54.3%). Graft resorption or fracture was associated with increased pseudarthrosis, subsidence, and decreased postoperative segmental lordosis; however, the clinical results were not significantly affected. Caution is needed when choosing to use corticocancellous allografts for ACDF due to the high rate of graft resorption or fracture and the negative implications of these risks.


Assuntos
Lordose , Fusão Vertebral , Aloenxertos , Vértebras Cervicais/cirurgia , Discotomia/efeitos adversos , Discotomia/métodos , Humanos , Lordose/cirurgia , Cervicalgia/complicações , Cervicalgia/epidemiologia , Cervicalgia/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fusão Vertebral/efeitos adversos , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 68(1): 56-60, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35239938

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to measure the intra- and inter-rater reliability of the quantitative sensory testing for measuring the thermal pain threshold on myofascial trigger points in the upper trapezius muscle of individuals with chronic neck pain. METHODS: Thirty female participants were included, aged between 18 and 45 years and with bilateral myofascial trigger points, active and centrally located in the upper trapezius muscle. Two measurements with quantitative sensory testing were performed by each examiner at an interval of 1 week between them. RESULTS: We observed substantial reliability for the intra-rater analysis (intraclass correlation coefficient ranging between 0.876 and 0.896) and excellent reliability for the inter-rater analysis (intraclass correlation coefficient ranging between 0.917 and 0.954). CONCLUSION: The measurement of the thermal pain threshold on myofascial trigger points in individuals with chronic neck pain has acceptable reliability values, supporting the use of the quantitative sensory testing in the research setting and the clinical environment.


Assuntos
Síndromes da Dor Miofascial , Cervicalgia , Músculos Superficiais do Dorso , Pontos-Gatilho , Adolescente , Adulto , Dor Crônica , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndromes da Dor Miofascial/diagnóstico , Síndromes da Dor Miofascial/fisiopatologia , Cervicalgia/epidemiologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Músculos Superficiais do Dorso/fisiopatologia , Pontos-Gatilho/fisiopatologia , Adulto Jovem
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