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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(7): e19221, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32049861

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of a newly designed intrauterine double-balloon catheter to arrest postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) following cesarean delivery (CD) for placenta previa. METHODS: We conducted an open-label, multicenter randomized controlled trial in two referral centers and one general hospital. Women with continuous bleeding after placental delivery following CD for placenta previa, who failed to respond to uterotonics, suturing and uterine devascularization, and in the absence of suspected deeply invasive accreta were eligible subjects. Eligible subjects were randomized to receive intrauterine double-balloon catheter (n = 102) or gauze packing (n = 102). The main outcome was the rate of successful hemostasis without the need for additional surgical interventions. The secondary outcomes included the volume of blood loss during and after CD, the rate of PPH, incidence and amount of blood transfusion, hysterectomy, surgical complications, intensive care unit admission, need for re-laparotomy, length of hospital stay, and readmission. RESULTS: The 224 participants were recruited before delivery, with 20 excluded (14 cases bleeding stopped after uterotonics and/or local myometrium sutures and 6 patients with placental increta). Finally, 102 women were assigned in catheter group and 102 others in gauze group. There was no difference in the rate of successful hemostasis in the catheter and gauze groups (93.1% vs 91.2%, P = .80). Compared with those in the gauze group, women in the catheter group showed significantly less blood loss within 24 hours postpartum (895 [612.3-1297.8] vs 1156 [882.5-1453.3] ml, P < .01), lower rate of PPH ≥1000 ml (42.2% vs 63.7%, P < .01). Accordingly, women in the catheter group had significantly less maternal adverse events such as postpartum anemia, puerperal morbidity, and postpartum pain. CONCLUSION: Uterine tamponade using a double-balloon catheter was as effective as gauze packing in hemostasis, and appeared to be superior in reducing postpartum blood loss and pain following CD for placenta previa. Using double-balloon catheter in managing PPH in this situation may be a preferable alternative to minimize maternal morbidity.


Assuntos
Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Placenta Prévia , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/prevenção & controle , Tamponamento com Balão Uterino/instrumentação , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/etiologia , Gravidez
2.
BJOG ; 127(3): 405-413, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31762140

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine variations in cord blood gas (CBG) parameters after 3-minute delayed cord clamping (DCC) in vaginal deliveries (VDs) and caesarean deliveries (CDs) at term without fetal distress. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: University hospital. SAMPLE: CBG from 97 VDs and 124 CDs without fetal distress. METHODS: Comparison of paired arterial-venous CBG parameters drawn at birth from the unclamped cord and after 3-minutes DCC for VDs and CDs. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Base excess, bicarbonate, haematocrit and haemoglobin from both arterial and venous cord blood, lactate, neonatal outcomes, partial pressure of oxygen (pO2 ), partial pressure of carbon dioxide (pCO2 ), pH, and postpartum haemorrhage. RESULTS: Arterial cord blood pH, bicarbonate ( HCO 3 - , mmol/l), and base excess (BE, mmol/l) decreased significantly after 3-minute DCC both in VDs (pH = 7.23 versus 7.27; P < 0.001; HCO 3 -  = 23.3 versus 24.3; P = 0.004; BE = -5.1 versus -2.9; P < 0.001) and CDs (pH = 7.28 versus 7.34; P < 0.001; HCO 3 -  = 26.2 versus 27.2; P < 0.001; BE = -1.5 versus 0.7; P < 0.001). After 3-minute DCC, pCO2 increased in CDs only (57 versus 51; P < 0.001), whereas lactate increased more in CDs compared with VDs (lactate, +1.1 [0.9, 1.45] versus +0.5 [-0.65, 2.35]; P = 0.01). Postpartum maternal haemorrhage, neonatal maximum bilirubin concentration, and need for phototherapy were similar between the two groups. Newborns born by CD more frequently required postnatal clinical monitoring or admission to a neonatal intensive care unit. CONCLUSIONS: After 3-minute DCC, the acid-base status shifted towards mixed acidosis in CDs and prevalent metabolic acidosis in VDs. CDs were associated with a more pronounced increase in arterial lactate, compared with VDs. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: By 3-minute DCC, acid-base status shifts towards mixed and metabolic acidosis in caesarean and vaginal delivery, respectively.


Assuntos
Acidose , Cesárea , Parto Obstétrico , Sangue Fetal/metabolismo , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto , Cordão Umbilical/cirurgia , Acidose/sangue , Acidose/diagnóstico , Acidose/etiologia , Gasometria/métodos , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Cesárea/métodos , Cesárea/estatística & dados numéricos , Constrição , Parto Obstétrico/efeitos adversos , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Parto Obstétrico/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/diagnóstico , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/epidemiologia , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/etiologia , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Tempo para o Tratamento
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(51): e18311, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860981

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies have shown the efficacy of norepinephrine in the treatment of maternal hypotension during cesarean section by comparing it to treatment with phenylephrine. However, few studies have compared the efficacy of norepinephrine to ephedrine. METHODS: Ninety-seven women undergoing elective cesarean section were administered norepinephrine at 4 µg/minute (group N; n = 48) or ephedrine at 4 mg/minute (group E; n = 49) immediately postspinal anesthesia, with an on-off titration to maintain systolic blood pressure (SBP) at 80% to 120% of baseline. A rescue bolus of 8 µg norepinephrine was given whenever SBP reached the predefined lower limit. Our primary outcome was the incidence of tachycardia. Secondary outcomes included the incidence of bradycardia, hypertension, hypotension, severe hypotension, hypotensive episodes, number of rescue top-ups, hemodynamic performance error including median performance error (MDPE), and median absolute performance error (MDAPE). Neonatal Apgar scores and umbilical arterial (UA) blood gas data were also collected. RESULTS: Women in group N experienced fewer cases of tachycardia (4.2% vs 30.6%, P = .002, odds ratio: 0.11 [95% confidence interval, CI: 0.02-0.47]), a lower standardized heart rate (HR) (70.3 ±â€Š11 vs 75 ±â€Š11, P = .04, difference: 4.7 ±â€Š2.2 [95% CI: 0.24-9.1]), and a lower MDPE for HR (1.3 ±â€Š9.6 vs 8.4 ±â€Š13.5 bpm, P = .003, difference: 3.1 ±â€Š1.8 [95% CI: -0.6-6.7]). In addition, the lowest or the highest HR was lower in group N compared to group E (both P < .05). Meanwhile, the standardized SBP in group N was lower than that in group E (P = .04). For neonates, the UA blood gas showed a higher base excess (BE) and a lower lactate level in group N compared to E (both P < .001). Other hemodynamic variables, maternal, and neonatal outcomes were similar. CONCLUSION: Infusion of 4 µg/minute norepinephrine presented fewer cases of tachycardia, less fluctuation and a lower HR compared to baseline values, as well as a less stressed fetal status compared to ephedrine infusion at 4 mg/minute. In addition, norepinephrine infusion presented a lower standardized SBP compared to ephedrine.


Assuntos
Raquianestesia/métodos , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Efedrina/uso terapêutico , Hipotensão/prevenção & controle , Norepinefrina/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Raquianestesia/efeitos adversos , Pressão Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Cesárea/métodos , Método Duplo-Cego , Efedrina/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Hipotensão/etiologia , Infusões Intravenosas , Norepinefrina/administração & dosagem , Gravidez
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(51): e18446, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31861017

RESUMO

Thrombosis is one of the serious complications related to prophylactic balloon occlusion of the abdominal aorta (PBOAA). This study aims to retrospectively analyze the efficacy and safety of continuous low-flow infusion of diluted heparin saline to prevent this complication related to PBOAA and further to provide the theory and evidences for using PBOAA.A study was carried out at our hospital from March 2016 to December 2018. Women with pernicious placenta previa (PPP) were treated PBOAA to prevent massive bleeding during CS. According to whether continuous low-flow infusion of diluted heparin saline was used to prevent catheter-related thrombosis or not, they were divided into 2 groups, the test group and the control group. The incidence of thrombosis between the 2 groups was compared and the effective treatment of thrombosis was also discussed. The comparison of nonparametric values was accomplished by using Fisher exact test. Statistical significance was set at P < .05.There were 31 women with PPP who received PBOAA during CS who were included in our study. Six of 19 women in control group (31.6%) developed thrombotic complications, while none of 12 women in test group. There were statistically significant differences in the incidence of thrombosis between the 2 groups (P = .037). There was no statistically significant difference in the amount of estimated blood loss and blood transfusion during CS between the 2 groups, nor was there statistically significant difference in the hospital days after CS (P > .05). All 6 women with thrombotic complications had no positive symptoms and thrombotic sequelae. The managements of thrombus included systemic anticoagulation, catheter-directed thrombolysis, and catheter-directed anticoagulation. One of the 6 women was lost to follow-up, and the thrombus of the other 5 women were completely dissolved. No other adverse outcomes or complications related to PBOAA were observed in all women in this study.Continuous low-flow infusion of diluted heparin saline is a safe procedure when PBOAA is performed for patients with PPP. It can effectively reduce or even avoid thrombosis without increasing intraoperative blood loss during CS for PPP patients.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Aorta Abdominal , Oclusão com Balão/efeitos adversos , Heparina/administração & dosagem , Trombose/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Placenta Prévia/etiologia , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Trombose/etiologia , Hemorragia Uterina/etiologia , Hemorragia Uterina/prevenção & controle
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(52): e18394, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31876711

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As abundant evidence shows the composition of gut flora in children born by caesarean section is different from that of vaginal delivery children, studies on whether caesarean section would increase the offspring's risk of developing allergic disease attract extensive attention. However, the results of different researches are inconsistent. Therefore we conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to explore the relationship between caesarean section and childhood allergic disease. METHODS: The protocol followed Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Protocols. Cohort studies for investigating the relationship between caesarean section and the risk of childhood allergic disease will be searched in 4 main databases (PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, and the web of science). In addition, a manual search of the references of relevant published studies will also be considered. Four common allergic outcomes will be included: asthma, allergic rhinitis, food allergy, and atopic dermatitis. Studies selection, data extraction, and risk of bias assessment will be conducted by 2 independent reviewers. The primary outcome is the incidence of 4 allergic diseases. RESULTS: The results will provide useful information on whether caesarean section contributes to the increase of allergic disease in children. CONCLUSION: The findings of this study will be published in a peer-reviewed journal. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42019135196.


Assuntos
Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Hipersensibilidade/etiologia , Criança , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
7.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 54(11): 751-755, 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31752458

RESUMO

Objective: To study and analyze the incidence of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) in women who underwent cesarean section. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted. The clinical data of the women who underwent regular antepartum examination and cesarean delivery in Peking University People's Hospital from January 2019 to June 2019 were collected, including the cervical dilatation. The incidence of POP was analyzed. Results: (1) A total of 345 women met the inclusion criteria, with cervical dilatation of 0-10 cm before cesarean section, the cervix was not dilatated in 58.6% (202/345) of the women, and the cervix was fully dilatated in 2.9% (10/345) of the women. There were 109 cases of POP stage Ⅰ or above, 13 cases of POP stage Ⅱ, and no stage Ⅲ or Ⅳ. The incidence of POP was 31.6% (109/345). (2) Statistical analysis showed that the cervical dilatation of the POP group was significantly larger than that of the non-prolapse group (median: 1.0 vs 0 cm;Z=-2.227, P=0.026). The risk of POP of vaginal trial-birth transfer to cesarean section was higher than that of elective cesarean section [42.4% (36/85) vs 28.1% (73/260), P=0.014]. However, the further analysis of Spearman correlation between cervical dilatation, elective cesarean section and POP, as well as the receiver operating characteristic curve showed that the correlation and prediction value were poor. Conclusion: Elective cesarean section has a certain protective effect on postpartum prolapse, but the protective effect of vaginal trial-birth transfer to cesarean section on pelvic floor is weakened.


Assuntos
Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Parto Obstétrico/efeitos adversos , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/etiologia , Período Pós-Parto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/epidemiologia , Gravidez
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(44): e17741, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689823

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We compared the clinical efficacy of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) to transvaginal ultrasound (TVS) for diagnosing cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP). METHODS: A total of 485 cases of suspected CSP were recruited from January 2017 to March 2018. All received TVS and CEUS by two sonologists blinded to diagnosis by the other. Diagnostic features of CSP that significantly differed between modalities by univariate analysis (P < .05) were included in a logistic regression model. The sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio (+LR), negative likelihood ratio (-LR), and accuracy (ACC) of CSP diagnosis by TVS and CEUS were compared according to operational and pathological outcomes as the reference standard. RESULTS: There were 220 CSP cases (including 85 cases of type I, 93 of type II, and 42 of type III). The sensitivities of CEUS for detection of types I - III CSP were 94.1%, 92.5%, and 97.6%, respectively, and corresponding sensitivities of TVS were 82.4%, 80.6%, and 95.2%. Compared to TVS, CEUS yielded significantly better overall sensitivity (97.27% vs 88.18%), specificity (96.60% vs 75.47%), +LR (28.60 vs 3.59), -LR (0.03 vs 0.16), and diagnostic ACC (96.9% vs 81.23%) (all P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: CEUS is superior to TVS for detecting cesarean scar pregnancy and distinguishing among CSP types.


Assuntos
Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Cicatriz/complicações , Meios de Contraste , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Gravidez Ectópica/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Gravidez , Gravidez Ectópica/etiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Vagina/diagnóstico por imagem
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(44): e17742, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689824

RESUMO

Placenta previa and accreta with prior cesarean section is an extremely serious condition that is associated with maternal morbidity and mortality from obstetric hemorrhage. The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy and advantages of a novel surgical technique, parallel transverse uterine incisions (PTUI), during conservative cesarean delivery in patients with placenta previa and accreta.This was a retrospective cohort study including 124 pregnant women, who had at least 1 prior cesarean section and were diagnosed with anterior placenta previa and accreta between January 2014 and October 2017. Using the hospital's information system, patients were retrospectively classified into undergoing either the PTUI surgery (Group A) or the ordinary cesarean section (Group B). Surgical outcomes and maternal complications during hospitalization were collected. The results from 2 groups were compared and analyzed statistically. Multivariable regression analyses were further used to assess the effect of PTUI on severe maternal outcomes.Patients who underwent PTUI were not statistically different from patients who underwent the ordinary cesarean section in terms of maternal and infants' characteristics. However, PTUI was associated with remarkably reduced intraoperative blood loss (P = .005), related vaginal blood loss after surgery (P = .026), and transfusion requirement of packed red cells (P = .000), compared to the ordinary cesarean section. Moreover, cesarean hysterectomy (3.3% vs 21.9%; P = .002) and intensive care unit admission (1.7% vs 29.7%; P = .000) were significantly fewer among patients who underwent PTUI. Multivariable regression analyses further showed that the risk of intraoperative hemorrhage (ß = -2343.299, P = .000) and cesarean hysterectomy (odds ratio = 0.027, P = .018) were both significantly decreased by PTUI.PTUI is a novel approach that may significantly reduce maternal complications, while preserving the uterus for patients with anterior placenta previa and accreta.


Assuntos
Cesárea/métodos , Histerectomia/métodos , Histeroscopia/métodos , Tratamentos com Preservação do Órgão/métodos , Placenta Acreta/cirurgia , Placenta Prévia/cirurgia , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/cirurgia , Adulto , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Transfusão de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/etiologia , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Útero/cirurgia
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(44): e17767, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689838

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of prophylactic intraoperative bilateral uterine or internal iliac artery embolization in planned cesarean for pernicious placenta previa in the third trimester of pregnancy.The patients with pernicious placenta previa were retrospectively included from January 2011 to May 2018, being divided into embolization group and control group. Intraoperative uterine artery embolization (UAE) or internal iliac artery embolization (IIAE) was undertaken to stop intrapartum and postpartum hemorrhage in embolization group.There were no significant differences on age, pregnancy times, gestational age, neonatal weight, neonatal asphyxia, prenatal bleeding, placental implantation, and mortality between embolization group and control group (P > .05). The amount of intraoperative and postoperative bleeding in embolization group was significantly greater than that in control group (P < .05). However, the hysterectomy rate in the embolization group was significantly lower than that in the control group (P < .05). Two (6.25%, 2/32) cases had undergone the second time embolotherapy after 8 hours of cesarean surgery because of severe vaginal bleeding. One case (3.13%, 1/32) died of diffuse intravascular coagulation because of hemorrhagic shock in embolization group. Transient and self-remitted lumbosacral pain was present in 28 (95%, 28/32) patients and no other severe interventional complications were reported in embolization group. All babies in 2 groups were healthy at half to 5 years' follow-up.The prophylactic intraoperative embolization of bilateral UAE or IIAE may be an effective strategy to treat intractable peripartum hemorrhage and preserve the fertility in patients with pernicious placenta previa.


Assuntos
Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Cuidados Intraoperatórios/métodos , Placenta Prévia/cirurgia , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/prevenção & controle , Embolização da Artéria Uterina/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Artéria Ilíaca/cirurgia , Gravidez , Terceiro Trimestre da Gravidez , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Profiláticos/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Artéria Uterina/cirurgia
12.
Rev Prat ; 69(4): 429-431, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626501

RESUMO

Chronic pelvic pain in a woman with at least one history of caesarean should lead to the diagnosis of parietal endometrioma on a caesarean section scar, even years after. The most suggestive clinical picture is chronic cyclical pelvic pain located near the caesarean section scar associated with a pelvic wall mass. On clinical examination, this painful nodule is most often palpable. In order to support the diagnosis, it is advisable to perform a parietal ultrasound, preferably during menstruation and during the painful crisis; however, ultrasound lesions may also be typical outside menstrual period. The standard treatment consists of a large surgical resection with healthy margins, under general anesthesia.


Assuntos
Cesárea , Cicatriz , Endometriose , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Cicatriz/patologia , Endometriose/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Ultrassonografia
13.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 91(3): e20180746, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31576915

RESUMO

The use of ulinastatin for pancreatitis and sepsis have been described. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of ulinastatin on vascular endothelial cell damage and coagulation in pregnant women with severe pre-eclampsia (PE).From October 2015 to November 2017 at Tianjin Central Hospital of gynecology and obstetrics in China. Eighty pregnant women with severe PE, who elected to deliver by cesarean section, were randomly assigned to a control group or an ulinastatin group. The plasma concentration of von Willebrand factor (vWF) and platelet granule membrane protein (GMP-140), platelet count, fibrinogen levels, prothrombin time (PT), and partial prothrombin activation time (APTT) were recorded before combined spinal-epidural anesthesia and 40 min after administration in both groups.Ulinastatin attenuates vascular endothelial cell damage in pregnant women with PE as indicated by decreased plasma concentrations of vWF and prolonged APTT.


Assuntos
Células Endoteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Glicoproteínas/farmacologia , Pré-Eclâmpsia/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores da Tripsina/farmacologia , Adulto , Coagulação Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Fibrinogênio/análise , Glicoproteínas/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Selectina-P/sangue , Contagem de Plaquetas , Pré-Eclâmpsia/sangue , Gravidez , Tempo de Protrombina , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Inibidores da Tripsina/uso terapêutico , Adulto Jovem , Fator de von Willebrand/análise
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(41): e17542, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593133

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) and patient-controlled epidural analgesia are 2 common methods of maintaining analgesia after cesarean section. In recent years, transversus abdominis plane block (TAPB) has been gradually applied clinically to reduce opioid analgesics and has achieved good results. Therefore, we performed this study to compare the efficacy and side effects of TAPB and PCIA in analgesia after cesarean section. METHODS: One hundred patients who underwent cesarean section were randomly classified into 2 groups. Following surgery, one group underwent ultrasound-guided TAPB and the other group underwent PCIA. Pain intensity according to the visual analog scale (VAS; 0 for no pain and 10 for severe intolerable pain) was assessed at 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, and 24-hour postsurgery in both groups. The postoperative complication rate and patient satisfaction were also measured. RESULTS: No significant differences were found in the VAS scores between the groups (P > .05). However, the incidence of postoperative complications in the TAPB group was significantly lower than that in the PCIA group (P < .05). Furthermore, patient satisfaction in the TAPB group was significantly higher than that in the PCIA group (P < .05). CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that ultrasound-guided TAPB can achieve the same analgesic effect as PCIA after cesarean section but with even higher patient satisfaction.


Assuntos
Músculos Abdominais/inervação , Analgesia Controlada pelo Paciente/métodos , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos , Músculos Abdominais/diagnóstico por imagem , Músculos Abdominais/efeitos dos fármacos , Adulto , Analgésicos Opioides/efeitos adversos , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Cesárea/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Bloqueio Nervoso/efeitos adversos , Satisfação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Qualidade de Vida , Escala Visual Analógica
15.
Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd ; 1632019 09 09.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31556492

RESUMO

Since the publication of the results of the Term Breech Trial (TBT) in 2000 the number of planned Caesarean sections for breech presentation has increased dramatically, at the expense of vaginal breech deliveries. The favourable effect of a planned Caesarean section for breech presentation on perinatal outcomes described in the TBT could not, however, be reproduced in later trials. A planned Caesarean section does carry an increased risk of maternal complications; furthermore, a previous Caesarean section leads to higher risks for both mother and child in any subsequent pregnancy. A recent prospective study advocates vaginal breech delivery 'on all fours', a position in which the mother leans on her hands and knees during delivery. A vaginal breech delivery in this position seems to be just as safe for the child as a planned Caesarean section, while a vaginal delivery is safer for the mother than a Caesarean section. This article describes two uncomplicated vaginal breech deliveries in the all fours position.


Assuntos
Apresentação Pélvica/terapia , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Trabalho de Parto , Posicionamento do Paciente/métodos , Adulto , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos
16.
Nature ; 574(7776): 117-121, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31534227

RESUMO

Immediately after birth, newborn babies experience rapid colonization by microorganisms from their mothers and the surrounding environment1. Diseases in childhood and later in life are potentially mediated by the perturbation of the colonization of the infant gut microbiota2. However, the effects of delivery via caesarean section on the earliest stages of the acquisition and development of the gut microbiota, during the neonatal period (≤1 month), remain controversial3,4. Here we report the disrupted transmission of maternal Bacteroides strains, and high-level colonization by opportunistic pathogens associated with the hospital environment (including Enterococcus, Enterobacter and Klebsiella species), in babies delivered by caesarean section. These effects were also seen, to a lesser extent, in vaginally delivered babies whose mothers underwent antibiotic prophylaxis and in babies who were not breastfed during the neonatal period. We applied longitudinal sampling and whole-genome shotgun metagenomic analysis to 1,679 gut microbiota samples (taken at several time points during the neonatal period, and in infancy) from 596 full-term babies born in UK hospitals; for a subset of these babies, we collected additional matched samples from mothers (175 mothers paired with 178 babies). This analysis demonstrates that the mode of delivery is a significant factor that affects the composition of the gut microbiota throughout the neonatal period, and into infancy. Matched large-scale culturing and whole-genome sequencing of over 800 bacterial strains from these babies identified virulence factors and clinically relevant antimicrobial resistance in opportunistic pathogens that may predispose individuals to opportunistic infections. Our findings highlight the critical role of the local environment in establishing the gut microbiota in very early life, and identify colonization with antimicrobial-resistance-containing opportunistic pathogens as a previously underappreciated risk factor in hospital births.


Assuntos
Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Doenças do Recém-Nascido/microbiologia , Transmissão Vertical de Doença Infecciosa/prevenção & controle , Infecções Oportunistas/congênito , Infecções Oportunistas/microbiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Doenças do Recém-Nascido/etiologia , Infecções Oportunistas/etiologia , Gravidez
17.
BJOG ; 126(13): 1577-1586, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31483935

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To estimate incidence, trends over time, and risk factors for massive blood transfusions in obstetric patients. A secondary aim was to evaluate transfusion ratios in relation to massive transfusion. DESIGN: Population-based cohort. SETTING: Five hospitals, in the Stockholm County, Sweden, from 1990 to 2011. POPULATION: All women that gave birth in Stockholm county, Sweden, and who received blood transfusions postpartum between 1990 and 2011. METHODS: Data on pregnancies and deliveries from the Swedish National Medical Birth Registry was cross-linked to the Stockholm transfusion database. Massive blood transfusion was defined as the transfusion of ≥10 units of red blood cells from partus through the next day. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Main primary outcome was massive blood transfusion postpartum. RESULTS: Our cohort comprised 517 874 deliveries. Massive blood transfusion occurred in 277 women, for an incidence of 5.3 per 10 000 deliveries, and increased by 30% (P < 0.001) between the first and the second half of the study period. Major risk factors apparent before delivery were abnormal placentation (odds ratio [OR] 41; 95% CI 29.3-58.1), pre-eclampsia/placental abruption (OR 4; 95% CI 2.8-5.6), and previous caesarean delivery (OR 4; 95% CI 3.1-6.0). Risk factors at time of delivery were uterine rupture, atonic uterus, and caesarean delivery (OR 38, 17, and 3, respectively). CONCLUSION: We found an increasing trend in the postpartum rate of massive transfusion. Women with abnormal placentation were found to have the highest increased risk. Improved antenatal awareness of these women at risk might improve management and reduce the rate of massive transfusion. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: Risk of massive blood transfusion in obstetric patients increases with placental complications and prior caesarean section.


Assuntos
Transfusão de Sangue , Cesárea/estatística & dados numéricos , Parto Obstétrico/estatística & dados numéricos , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/epidemiologia , Descolamento Prematuro da Placenta/epidemiologia , Adulto , Transfusão de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Parto Obstétrico/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Histerectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Incidência , Placenta Acreta/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/etiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/terapia , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco , Suécia/epidemiologia , Inércia Uterina/epidemiologia , Inércia Uterina/terapia
18.
Sex Reprod Healthc ; 21: 87-94, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31395239

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Positive birth experiences lead to better postnatal functioning, and influence mode of delivery choice for subsequent pregnancies. Healthcare workers can influence the birth experience through relevant support and care. This study seeks to explore the experience of Sierra Leonean women in relation to ante-natal, intrapartum and post-partum care with special reference to their experience of caesarean section. METHODS: In November 2016, individual semi structured interviews were performed with sixteen women of varying age from different geographical areas, levels of schooling, and parity. The interviews were analysed by systematic text condensation. RESULTS: During interviews, participants mentioned a fear of dying or losing their baby. This fear was managed by praying and putting trust in a higher power. However, placing trust in healthcare workers was also described by some participants. Moreover, the present study demonstrates that women experienced a great deal of pain and discomfort after the caesarean section was performed, and that they found it difficult to return to expected activities. This was managed by a large amount of practical assistance from their social network. Healthcare workers were described as providing medicines, advice, and practical care. Negative experiences in which healthcare workers took money for medicines and refused to help women were also described. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that women locate resources to cope with pain and fear within themselves, while also utilising extended support from social networks and healthcare workers. This confirms that women from all backgrounds in Sierra Leone have access to resources for health and well-being.


Assuntos
Cesárea/psicologia , Cuidado Pós-Natal/psicologia , Gestantes/psicologia , Cuidado Pré-Natal/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Medo , Feminino , Humanos , Controle Interno-Externo , Entrevistas como Assunto , Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/psicologia , Relações Médico-Paciente , Gravidez , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Serra Leoa , Apoio Social
19.
BMC Infect Dis ; 19(1): 752, 2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31455246

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections (SSI) are a common complication after a cesarean section (C-section) and mainly responsible for increased maternal mortality and morbidity, dissatisfaction of patients, longer hospital stays as well as higher treatment costs. The aim of this study is to determine the incidence rate and risk factors of surgical site infections in women undergoing caesarean section at the University Clinical Center of Kosovo (UCCK), in the Clinic for Obstetrics and Gynecology. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational cohort study involving 325 women who underwent labor and scheduled C-sections from January, 2018 to September, 2018 at the University Clinical Center of Kosovo, Clinic for Obstetrics and Gynecology. Each woman was followed for 30-postoperative days. Data analysis included descriptive statistics, univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis. Culture-based microbiological methods were used to identify causal agents in postoperative wounds. RESULTS: Overall the SSI rate was 9.85% and the median time to SSI was the 7th postoperative day. The mean age of the patients was 31.3 ± 5.5 years (range from 17 to 46 years). The average length of stay was 4.2 ± 3.4 days. Several factors reduced the risk of SSI. These included: age less than 35 years (RR 0.25; 95% CI; 0.199-0.906 and P = 0.027) preoperative use of antibiotics (RR 0.232; 95% CI; 0.107-0.502 and P = 0.000) and duration of the operation less than 1 h (RR 0.135; 95% CI; 0.054-0.338 and P = 0.000). Previous cesarean section and one or more co-morbidity were associated with 7.4 fold and 8 fold increased risk of SSI, respectively. We found a statistically significant association between SSI and co-morbidity, preoperative antibiotic use, duration of operation, age and history of previous cesarean section (P = 0.000; 0.000; 0.0001; 0.023; 0.000; respectively using chi-square test). Multivariable logistic regression analysis confirmed that one or more co-morbidity, previous C-section, preoperative antibiotics and duration of the surgery < 1 h are predictors of SSI. CONCLUSION: The high incidence rate of SSIs after C-sections in this study highlight the need for prioritizing SSI control and surveillance. Patient demographics, procedures utilized and surgical factors must be incorporated in programs to reduce the infection rate. Additionally, an effort must be given to decrease number of the C-sections performed for the first time through assuring optimal care for the mother and child. The National Committee for Prevention and Control of Nosocomial infection in Kosovo should provide updated guidelines for control and prevention of the nosocomial infections.


Assuntos
Antibioticoprofilaxia/estatística & dados numéricos , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/microbiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Antibioticoprofilaxia/métodos , Cesárea/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos de Coortes , Comorbidade , Infecção Hospitalar/epidemiologia , Infecção Hospitalar/microbiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Kosovo/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/tratamento farmacológico , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(34): e16706, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31441843

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Postoperative chronic pain is characterized by high incidence, long duration, and complex pathogenesis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between the single nucleotide polymorphisms of the CCL2 gene rs4586 (g.5974T>C), CALCA rs3781719 (-692T>C), CX3CL1 rs614230 (2342C>T), and the risk of postoperative chronic pain in Chinese Han women. METHODS: We analyzed the CCL2 gene rs4586, CALCA rs3781719, CX3CL1 rs614230 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) of 350 Chinese Han women with chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP) 6 months after cesarean section and 350 healthy women without chronic pain (HC). The levels of CCL2, CALCA, and CX3CL1 in serum were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). RESULTS: The CCL2 rs4586 T allele and the CX3CL1 gene rs614230C allele were protective factors for CPSP risk (adjusted OR = 0.766, 95% CI: 0.675-0.865 and OR = 0.336, 95% CI: 0.644-0.835). The CALCA gene rs3781719C allele was a risk factor for CPSP (adjusted OR = 1.273, 95% CI: 1.125-1.424). CCL2 rs4586, CX3CL1 gene rs614230, and CALCA gene rs3781719 locus gene polymorphisms were associated with serum CCL2, CX3CL1, and CALCA protein levels. CONCLUSION: Our results support that CCL2 gene rs4586, CALCA rs3781719, CX3CL1 rs614230 gene polymorphism are associated with the occurrence of chronic pain after cesarean section in Chinese Han women.


Assuntos
Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Dor Crônica/etiologia , Dor Crônica/genética , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/genética , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Peptídeo Relacionado com Gene de Calcitonina/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Quimiocina CCL2/genética , Quimiocina CX3CL1/genética , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Humanos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Adulto Jovem
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