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1.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 19785, 2021 10 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34611273

RESUMO

In the present study, we developed a genus-specific rGroEL1-524 IgM-ELISA assay for use in screening diagnosis of suspected leptospirosis among acute undifferentiated febrile illness patients during acute fever. The diagnostic accuracies of the rGroEL1-524 IgM-ELISA, commercial Panbio IgM-ELISA, and Virion-Serion Classic IgG-ELISA were evaluated using 133 Thai leptospirosis sera and 210 controls. Sensitivities were 91.7%, 59.6%, and 17.7% for acute infection, and the specificities were 92.6%, 90.2%, and 88.3% for the non-leptospirosis control, respectively. The rGroEL1-524 IgM-ELISA had high sensitivity, at 92.3% and 91.7%, among culture-positive and MAT-negative cases at 1-3 days post-onset of symptoms (DPO1-3), respectively. Impaired specificity on scrub typhus was found, possibly from antibody cross-reaction to ortholog GroEL. Commercial Panbio IgM-ELISA had sensitivities at DPO1-3 of 30.8% and 41.7% for culture-positive and MAT-negative cases whereas Virion-Serion IgG-ELISA showed sensitivities of 5.9% and 13.3%, respectively. The rGroEL1-524 IgM-ELISA could be useful as a screening test for early diagnosis. The performance of the commercial ELISA suggests the applicability of IgM-ELISA for diagnosis, while IgG-ELISA is useful for seroprevalence surveys. However, confirmation by reference tests is recommended.


Assuntos
Chaperonina 60/imunologia , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/métodos , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/normas , Imunoglobulina M/imunologia , Leptospirose/diagnóstico , Leptospirose/epidemiologia , Kit de Reagentes para Diagnóstico , Anticorpos Antibacterianos/imunologia , Epitopos/imunologia , Humanos , Leptospira/imunologia , Programas de Rastreamento , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos , Tailândia/epidemiologia
2.
Biologicals ; 72: 18-26, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34229924

RESUMO

Coinfection of Leishmania with bacteria, viruses, protozoans, and nematodes alter the immune system of the host, thereby influencing the disease outcomes. Here, we have determined the immunogenic property and protective efficacy of the cross-reactive molecule HSP60 of filarial parasite B. malayi against the L. donovani in BALB/c mice. Parasitological parameters results showed a significant decrease in the parasite burden (~59%; P < 0.001) and also a substantial increase in the delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) response (P < 0.001) in mice immunized with 10 µg of rBmHSP60. Protection against L. donovani in mice immunized with rBmHSP60 resulted from activation of the T cells, which is characterized by higher levels of nitric oxide (NO) production, enhanced cell proliferation, higher levels (expression and release) of IFN- γ, TNF- α, and IL-12, also, higher production of IgG and IgG2a antibodies. This strong Th1 immune response creates an inflammatory domain for L. donovani and protects the host from VL.


Assuntos
Brugia Malayi , Chaperonina 60/imunologia , Proteção Cruzada , Proteínas de Helminto/imunologia , Leishmaniose Visceral , Animais , Citocinas/imunologia , Imunidade Celular , Leishmania donovani , Leishmaniose Visceral/prevenção & controle , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia , Células Th1/imunologia
3.
Cell Stress Chaperones ; 26(4): 735-740, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34080135

RESUMO

Highly conserved heat shock proteins (Hsps) are localized in the cytoplasm and cellular organelles, and act as molecular chaperones or proteases. Members of Hsp families are released into the extracellular milieu under both normal and stress conditions. It is hypothesized that the severe acute respiratory syndrome corona virus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has the potential to elicit autoimmunity due to molecular mimicry between human extracellular Hsps and immunogenic proteins of the virus. To confirm the above hypothesis, levels of circulating autoantibodies directed to the key human chaperones i.e., Hsp60, Hsp70, and Hsp90 in the anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG-seropositive participants have been evaluated. Twenty-six healthy volunteers who got two doses of the mRNA vaccine encoding the viral spike protein, anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG-positive participants (n = 15), and healthy naïve (anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG-negative) volunteers (n = 51) have been included in this study. We found that the serum levels of anti-Hsp60, anti-Hsp70, and anti-Hsp90 autoantibodies of the IgG, IgM, or IgA isotype remained unchanged in either the anti-COVID-19-immunized humans or the anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG-positive participants when compared to healthy naïve volunteers, as measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Our results showing that the humoral immune response to SARS-CoV-2 did not include the production of anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies that also recognized extracellular heat shock protein 60, 70, and 90 represent a partial evaluation of the autoimmunity hypothesis stated above. Further testing for cell-based immunity will be necessary to fully evaluate this hypothesis.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/sangue , COVID-19/imunologia , Chaperonina 60/imunologia , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP70/imunologia , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP90/imunologia , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , COVID-19/sangue , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , Humanos
4.
PLoS One ; 16(6): e0253084, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34111210

RESUMO

Rickettsioses are neglected and emerging potentially fatal febrile diseases that are caused by obligate intracellular bacteria, rickettsiae. Rickettsia (R.) typhi and R. prowazekii constitute the typhus group (TG) of rickettsiae and are the causative agents of endemic and epidemic typhus, respectively. We recently generated a monoclonal antibody (BNI52) against R. typhi. Characterization of BNI52 revealed that it specifically recognizes TG rickettsiae but not the members of the spotted fever group (SFG) rickettsiae. We further show that BNI52 binds to protein fragments of ±30 kDa that are exposed on the bacterial surface and also present in the periplasmic space. These protein fragments apparently derive from the cytosolic GroEL protein of R. typhi and are also recognized by antibodies in the sera from patients and infected mice. Furthermore, BNI52 opsonizes the bacteria for the uptake by antigen presenting cells (APC), indicating a contribution of GroEL-specific antibodies to protective immunity. Finally, it is interesting that the GroEL protein belongs to 32 proteins that are differentially downregulated by R. typhi after passage through immunodeficient BALB/c CB17 SCID mice. This could be a hint that the rickettsia GroEL protein may have immunomodulatory properties as shown for the homologous protein from several other bacteria, too. Overall, the results of this study provide evidence that GroEL represents an immunodominant antigen of TG rickettsiae that is recognized by the humoral immune response against these pathogens and that may be interesting as a vaccine candidate. Apart from that, the BNI52 antibody represents a new tool for specific detection of TG rickettsiae in various diagnostic and experimental setups.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/metabolismo , Chaperonina 60/imunologia , Infecções por Rickettsia/sangue , Rickettsia typhi/imunologia , Animais , Anticorpos Antibacterianos/sangue , Anticorpos Antibacterianos/metabolismo , Anticorpos Monoclonais/sangue , Antígenos de Bactérias/imunologia , Linhagem Celular , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos SCID , Periplasma/metabolismo , Infecções por Rickettsia/imunologia , Infecções por Rickettsia/microbiologia , Xenopus laevis
5.
Ginekol Pol ; 92(11): 760-766, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33914318

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Heat shock proteins are overexpressed in many human malignancies. The role of heat shock proteins as a therapeutic target in cancer as well as their association with drug resistance were widely documented. The aim of this study was to evaluate the concentration of IgG class HSP27 and HSP60 antibodies in serum of patients with endometrial and cervical cancer, as well as to analyse the variability of concentrations of the examined antibodies depending on the cancer stage. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 59 women with adenocarcinoma of the endometrium and 36 women with cervical cancer, the control group consisted of 54 healthy women. The concentrations of IgG class antibodies against the tested heat shock proteins were determined by an immunoenzymatic assay (ELISA) using commercial assays. RESULTS: In both endometrial and cervical cancer, the serum concentration of IgG anti-HSP27 antibody was significantly higher than in the healthy control group. The concentration of IgG anti-HSP60 antibody in endometrial cancer, cervical cancer and healthy control was similar. The median IgG anti-HSP27 antibody serum concentration of endometrial cancer patients was not correlated with FIGO-stage. In cervical cancer inverse correlation between concentration of this antibody and FIGO stage was observed. The median IgG anti-HSP60 antibody concentration in serum of endometrial cancer patients was lower in FIGO stage I and II compared to FIGO stage IV and in FIGO stage IA compared to FIGO stage IB. Concentrations of examined antibodies correlated positively with each other, both in the group of women with cancer and in the group of healthy women. The strongest correlations were found in the group of patients with endometrial cancer. CONCLUSIONS: Concentration of anti-HSP27 antibody could help in detection of cervical and endometrial cancer. We need to look for the cut-off point in large cohort studies. Anti-HSP27 and anti-HSP60 antibodies should be further evaluated for their potential usage as biomarkers in cervical and endometrial cancer as they shown some correlation with stage of disease.


Assuntos
Chaperonina 60 , Neoplasias do Endométrio , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP27 , Proteínas de Choque Térmico , Proteínas Mitocondriais , Chaperonas Moleculares , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Biomarcadores Tumorais/imunologia , Chaperonina 60/imunologia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/imunologia , Feminino , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP27/imunologia , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/imunologia , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Proteínas Mitocondriais/imunologia , Chaperonas Moleculares/imunologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/imunologia
6.
BMC Microbiol ; 21(1): 99, 2021 03 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33789603

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease caused by infection with spirochetes from Leptospira genus. It has been classified into at least 17 pathogenic species, with more than 250 serologic variants. This wide distribution may be a result of leptospiral ability to colonize the renal tubules of mammalian hosts, including humans, wildlife, and many domesticated animals. Previous studies showed that the expression of proteins belonging to the microbial heat shock protein (HSP) family is upregulated during infection and also during various stress stimuli. Several proteins of this family are known to have important roles in the infectious processes in other bacteria, but the role of HSPs in Leptospira spp. is poorly understood. In this study, we have evaluated the capacity of the protein GroEL, a member of HSP family, of interacting with host proteins and of stimulating the production of cytokines by macrophages. RESULTS: The binding experiments demonstrated that the recombinant GroEL protein showed interaction with several host components in a dose-dependent manner. It was also observed that GroEL is a surface protein, and it is secreted extracellularly. Moreover, two cytokines (tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-6) were produced when macrophages cells were stimulated with this protein. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings showed that GroEL protein may contribute to the adhesion of leptospires to host tissues and stimulate the production of proinflammatory cytokines during infection. These features might indicate an important role of GroEL in the pathogen-host interaction in the leptospirosis.


Assuntos
Chaperonina 60/imunologia , Citocinas/imunologia , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/imunologia , Leptospira/metabolismo , Macrófagos/imunologia , Macrófagos/microbiologia
7.
Gut Microbes ; 13(1): 1-20, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33550886

RESUMO

Gut microbiota and the immune system are in constant exchange shaping both host immunity and microbial communities. Here, improper immune regulation can cause inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and colitis. Antibody therapies blocking signaling through the CD40-CD40L axis showed promising results as these molecules are deregulated in certain IBD patients. To better understand the mechanism, we used transgenic DC-LMP1/CD40 animals with a constitutive CD40-signal in CD11c+ cells, causing a lack of intestinal CD103+ dendritic cells (DCs) and failure to induce regulatory T (iTreg) cells. These mice rapidly develop spontaneous fatal colitis, accompanied by dysbiosis and increased inflammatory IL-17+IFN-γ+ Th17/Th1 and IFN-γ + Th1 cells. In the present study, we analyzed the impact of the microbiota on disease development and detected elevated IgA- and IgG-levels in sera from DC-LMP1/CD40 animals. Their serum antibodies specifically bound intestinal bacteria, and by proteome analysis, we identified a 60 kDa chaperonin GroEL (Hsp60) from Helicobacter hepaticus (Hh) as the main specific antigen targeted in the absence of iTregs. When re-derived to a different Hh-free specific-pathogen-free (SPF) microbiota, mice showed few signs of disease, normal microbiota, and no fatality. Upon recolonization of mice with Hh, the disease developed rapidly. Thus, the present work identifies GroEL/Hsp60 as a major Hh-antigen and its role in disease onset, progression, and outcome in this colitis model. Our results highlight the importance of CD103+ DC- and iTreg-mediated immune tolerance to specific pathobionts to maintain healthy intestinal balance.


Assuntos
Chaperonina 60/imunologia , Colite/microbiologia , Helicobacter hepaticus/patogenicidade , Animais , Anticorpos Antibacterianos/sangue , Antígenos de Bactérias/imunologia , Antígenos CD/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Diferenciação Celular , Colite/imunologia , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Helicobacter hepaticus/imunologia , Cadeias alfa de Integrinas/imunologia , Intestinos/imunologia , Intestinos/microbiologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Organismos Livres de Patógenos Específicos , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia
8.
Cancer Lett ; 494: 47-57, 2020 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32829008

RESUMO

Hsp60sp, a signal peptide derived from the leader sequence of heat shock protein 60 kDa (Hsp60), is a Qa-1/HLA-E-binding peptide. We previously showed that Hsp60sp-specific CD8+ T cells are involved in the immunoregulation of autoimmune diseases by controlling the response of self-reactive lymphocytes. Here, we report that Hsp60sp-specific CD8+ T cells killed malignant lymphocytes in vitro independently of transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP) and classical MHC-I expression. Induction of this cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) response in vivo, either by adoptive transfer of in vitro-amplified CTLs or peptide-loaded dendritic cell immunization, resulted in effective control of lymphoid tumors, including TAP- or classical MHC-I-deficient cells. Hsp60sp-specific immune activation combined with programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) blocking synergistically restrained mouse lymphoma development. Importantly, Hsp60sp-specific CD8+ T cells did not negatively affect normal tissues and cells. Our data suggest that Hsp60sp-based immunotherapy is an inviting strategy to control lymphoid malignancies.


Assuntos
Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Chaperonina 60/química , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/administração & dosagem , Linfoma/terapia , Proteínas Mitocondriais/química , Sinais Direcionadores de Proteínas/fisiologia , Linfócitos T Citotóxicos/imunologia , Animais , Apresentação do Antígeno , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/transplante , Linhagem Celular , Chaperonina 60/imunologia , Terapia Combinada , Células Dendríticas/transplante , Feminino , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe I/metabolismo , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/farmacologia , Imunização , Linfoma/imunologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Proteínas Mitocondriais/imunologia , Linfócitos T Citotóxicos/transplante
9.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 105: 341-349, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32712230

RESUMO

Warm-water piscine francisellosis is a granulomatous bacterial disease caused by Francisella orientalis (Fo). The disease has been detected in a wide range of fish species globally, causing mortalities as high as 90% and significant economic losses. Currently there are no commercially available vaccines and few treatment options exist. In the current study, two novel recombinant vaccines were prepared using diatom-expressed IglC or bacterial-expressed GroEL proteins. The vaccine antigens were emulsified with either nanoparticles or a commercially available oil-based adjuvant. Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, fingerlings were immunized intracoelomically with the recombinant IglC or GroEL vaccines, diatoms alone or phosphate buffer saline. Approximately 840-degree days post-vaccination, fish were challenged via immersion with 106 CFU/mL of wild-type Fo. Twenty-one days post challenge (dpc), the highest relative percent survival was recorded in the IglC-Montanide group (75%), compared to 53%, 50%, 22%, 19% and 16% in the IglC-nanoparticles, GroEL-Montanide, GroEL-nanoparticles, diatoms-Montanide and diatoms-nanoparticles groups, respectively. Protection correlated with significantly higher specific antibody responses in the IglC-Montanide group. Moreover, a significantly lower bacterial load was detected in spleen samples from the IglC-Montanide survivor tilapia compared to the other experimental groups. This is the first report of recombinant vaccines against piscine francisellosis in tilapia. The Fo vaccines described in our study may facilitate development of a safe, cost-effective and highly protective vaccine against francisellosis in farmed tilapia.


Assuntos
Vacinas Bacterianas/imunologia , Ciclídeos/imunologia , Doenças dos Peixes/prevenção & controle , Francisella/imunologia , Animais , Proteínas de Bactérias/imunologia , Chaperonina 60/imunologia , Doenças dos Peixes/imunologia , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/imunologia , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/veterinária , Vacinas Sintéticas/imunologia
10.
Cell Stress Chaperones ; 25(5): 731-735, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32729001

RESUMO

Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus 2 infection has been associated with Guillain-Barré syndrome. We investigated here the potential mechanism underlying the virus-induced damage of the peripheral nervous systems by searching the viral amino acid sequence for peptides common to human autoantigens associated with immune-mediated polyneuropathies. Our results show molecular mimicry between the virus and human heat shock proteins 90 and 60, which are associated with Guillain-Barré syndrome and other autoimmune diseases. Crucially, the shared peptides are embedded in immunoreactive epitopes that have been experimentally validated in the human host.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/metabolismo , Chaperonina 60 , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Síndrome de Guillain-Barré/metabolismo , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP90 , Proteínas Mitocondriais , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Proteínas Virais , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Autoantígenos , COVID-19 , Chaperonina 60/química , Chaperonina 60/imunologia , Bases de Dados de Proteínas , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP90/química , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP90/imunologia , Humanos , Epitopos Imunodominantes , Proteínas Mitocondriais/química , Proteínas Mitocondriais/imunologia , Mimetismo Molecular , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Proteínas Virais/química , Proteínas Virais/imunologia
11.
Hum Immunol ; 81(10-11): 596-605, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32718721

RESUMO

Query fever is a zoonotic disease caused by Coxiella burnetii. There is no universal method for the prevention of this disease. Recombinant vaccine is a potent strategy that can be utilized for this purpose. The current study was conducted to develop a multi-epitope vaccine against Coxiella burnetii. Hence, OmpA, Tuf2, GroEL, Mip and sucB antigens were used for the prediction of epitopes. Then, a multi-epitope vaccine was developed based on a molecular adjuvant and fragments that contained the best MHCI, B cell, MHCII and IFN-γ epitopes. The features of the developed vaccine including physicochemical parameters, antigenicity and protein structures were assessed. Also, interaction between the developed vaccine and TLR4/MD2 receptor along with molecular dynamics of the ligand-receptor complex were investigated. Finally, the codon adaptation and cloning were conducted for the developed vaccine. According to the results, molecular weight, instability index, antigenicity and random coil percentage of the developed vaccine were 54.4 kDa, 32.84, 1.1936 and 34.92%, respectively. Besides, residues distribution in core region of the refined model was 85%. The results demonstrated that the developed vaccine could dock to its receptor with the lowest energy of -976.7 as well as RMSD value of the complex was between 0.15 and 0.22 nm. Also, the results showed that CIA index of the codon adapted sequence was 0.95. Finally, cloning results revealed that nucleotide sequence of the developed vaccine could be successfully cloned into pET-21a (+). Based on these results, it seems that the developed vaccine can be a suitable candidate to prevent Coxiella burnetii.


Assuntos
Vacinas Bacterianas/imunologia , Zoonoses Bacterianas/prevenção & controle , Coxiella burnetii/imunologia , Epitopos de Linfócito B/imunologia , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular/métodos , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Febre Q/prevenção & controle , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Antígenos de Bactérias/imunologia , Proteínas da Membrana Bacteriana Externa/química , Proteínas da Membrana Bacteriana Externa/imunologia , Vacinas Bacterianas/química , Chaperonina 60/química , Chaperonina 60/imunologia , Epitopos de Linfócito B/química , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe I/química , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe I/imunologia , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe II/química , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe II/imunologia , Humanos , Complexo Cetoglutarato Desidrogenase/química , Complexo Cetoglutarato Desidrogenase/imunologia , Antígeno 96 de Linfócito/química , Estrutura Secundária de Proteína , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Febre Q/imunologia , Febre Q/microbiologia , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/química
12.
Dis Markers ; 2020: 4086929, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32399087

RESUMO

The present study is aimed at evaluating serological method using scFv anti-Strongyloides sp. and reporting the frequencies of the results with conventional parasitological technique (faeces) in elderly individuals. Among 112 elderly individuals (≥60 years of age), 14.28% were positive for at least one enteroparasite, with one individual positive for S. stercoralis. Sera were evaluated for the presence of anti-Strongyloides sp. antibodies using total or detergent fraction extracts of Strongyloides venezuelensis, which presented positivity rates of 19.64% and 10.71%, respectively. An anti-HSP60 single-chain variable fragment from Strongyloides sp. was used to detect parasite antigens, with 5.36% (6 individuals) of ELISA-positive individuals returning a positive result. While the serological test indicates previous or recent infection and may be limited by antigen purification, the anti-HSP60 method reflects the presence of Strongyloides sp. immune complexes and exhibits greater sensitivity and specificity. Our results demonstrate the variable occurrence of enteroparasites in elderly individuals residing in long-term nursing homes and validate a novel epidemiological tool to describe infection cases by Strongyloides sp.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Anti-Helmínticos/sangue , Complexo Antígeno-Anticorpo/sangue , Antígenos de Helmintos/sangue , Chaperonina 60/sangue , Anticorpos de Cadeia Única/sangue , Estrongiloidíase/diagnóstico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Animais , Anticorpos Anti-Helmínticos/imunologia , Antígenos de Helmintos/imunologia , Brasil , Chaperonina 60/imunologia , Fezes/parasitologia , Feminino , Instituição de Longa Permanência para Idosos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Casas de Saúde , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Anticorpos de Cadeia Única/imunologia , Strongyloides/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Strongyloides/imunologia , Strongyloides/patogenicidade , Estrongiloidíase/sangue , Estrongiloidíase/imunologia , Estrongiloidíase/parasitologia
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32401956

RESUMO

Paracoccidioides species cause paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM), a systemic mycosis highly prevalent in Brazil. Therapy of PCM has some issues that make studies for new therapeutic and vaccine targets relevant, such as the P. brasiliensis 60-kDa-heat-shock protein (PbHsp60), an immunogenic antigen that induces protection in experimental mice infection. Here, we investigated the relative expression of mRNA for PbHsp60 in P. brasiliensis in the different morphotypes of P. brasiliensis and in morphological transition phases. In addition, antibodies to rPbHsp60 were produced and used to analyze the location of PbHsp60 in yeast and hyphae by electron microscopy. The analyses showed a substantial increase in the relative amounts of HSP60 mRNA in yeast when compared to mycelium and an intermediate expression in transitional forms. Regarding the cell location, immunoelectron microscopy analysis revealed that PbHsp60 is within the cell wall. These observations suggest that this protein may be involved in the maintenance of the cell wall integrity and the interaction with the host for colonization, infection and pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Chaperonina 60/imunologia , Paracoccidioides/imunologia , RNA Mensageiro/imunologia , Animais , Antígenos de Fungos/imunologia , Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Paracoccidioides/patogenicidade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
14.
Mol Immunol ; 121: 47-58, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32163758

RESUMO

Shigellosis is a diarrheal disease that causes high mortality every year, especially in children, elderly and immunocompromised patients. Recently, resistance strains to antibiotic therapy are in the rise and the World Health Organization prioritizes the development of a safe vaccine against the most common causal agent of shigellosis, Shigella flexneri. This pathogen uses autotransporter proteins such as SigA, Pic and Sap to increase virulence and some of them have been described as highly immunogenic proteins. In this study, we used immune-informatics analysis to identify the most antigenic epitope as a vaccine candidate on three passenger domains of auto-transporter proteins encoded on the pathogenic island SHI-1, to induce immunity against S. flexneri. Epitope identification was done using various servers such as Bepipred, Bcepred, nHLAPRED, NetMHCII, Rankpep and IEDB and the final selection was done based on its antigenicity using the VaxiJen server. Moreover, to enhance immunity, the GroEL adjuvant was added to the final construct as a Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) agonist. On the other hand, to predict the tertiary structure, the I-TASSER server was used, and the best model was structurally validated using the ProSA-web software and the Ramachandran plot. Subsequently, the model was refined and used for docking and molecular dynamics analyses with TLR2, which demonstrated an appropriate and stable interaction. In summary, a potential subunit vaccine candidate, that contains B and T cell epitopes with proper physicochemical properties was designed. This multiepitope vaccine is expected to elicit robust humoral and cellular immune responses and vest protective immunity against S. flexneri.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/imunologia , Vacinas Bacterianas/imunologia , Disenteria Bacilar/terapia , Serina Proteases/imunologia , Shigella flexneri/imunologia , Sistemas de Secreção Tipo V/imunologia , Adjuvantes Imunológicos/farmacologia , Antígenos de Bactérias/imunologia , Vacinas Bacterianas/uso terapêutico , Chaperonina 60/imunologia , Chaperonina 60/farmacologia , Biologia Computacional , Simulação por Computador , Disenteria Bacilar/microbiologia , Epitopos de Linfócito B/imunologia , Epitopos de Linfócito T/imunologia , Humanos , Imunidade Celular , Imunidade Humoral , Imunogenicidade da Vacina , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Domínios Proteicos/imunologia , Receptor 2 Toll-Like/agonistas , Vacinas de Subunidades/imunologia , Vacinas de Subunidades/uso terapêutico
15.
Reprod Sci ; 27(4): 1030-1036, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32124395

RESUMO

HSP60 is a mitochondrial chaperone protein that is associated with decreased overall survival of ovarian cancer patients. We determined whether targeting HSP60 with its monoclonal antibody would induce cytotoxicity in sensitive and chemoresistant ovarian cancer cells and whether it is synergistic when combined with chemotherapeutic drugs. Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) cells and their docetaxel- or cisplatin-resistant counterparts were utilized. HSP60 mRNA levels were determined by real-time RT-PCR. Cytotoxicity of HSP60 antibody (0.5 or 1.5 µg/ml) alone and in combination with chemotherapy were assessed by MTT Cell Proliferation Assay. Unpaired t tests were used to compare groups for real-time RT-PCR. One-way ANOVA followed by Tukey's post hoc tests with Bonferroni correction was performed for cytotoxicity comparisons. Significant synergistic effects of the antibody combined with chemotherapy were determined by the CompuSyn Software. Basal HSP60 mRNA levels were increased in chemoresistant EOC cells as compared with their sensitive counterparts (p < 0.05). There was no significant difference in cytotoxicity between EOC cell types; however, treatment with the HSP60 antibody for 24 h showed a dose response (0.5 and 1.5 µg/ml) cytotoxic effect to both sensitive and chemoresistant EOC cells as compared with the isotype control (p < 0.05). Importantly, treatment with both doses of HSP60 antibody was not cytotoxic to normal macrophages. Combination of the HSP60 antibody with docetaxel or cisplatin was significantly synergistic in both sensitive and chemoresistant EOC cells. Here, we identify a novel target that may serve not only for ovarian cancer treatment but also for sensitization of patients to chemotherapy. The cytotoxic effect of HSP60 monoclonal antibody and its synergism with chemotherapeutic agents highlight HSP60 as a promising target for therapy and chemosensitization in ovarian cancer treatment.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/tratamento farmacológico , Chaperonina 60/administração & dosagem , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Mitocondriais/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Chaperonina 60/imunologia , Chaperonina 60/metabolismo , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Docetaxel/administração & dosagem , Quimioterapia Combinada/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Proteínas Mitocondriais/imunologia , Proteínas Mitocondriais/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
16.
PLoS One ; 15(3): e0230682, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32210456

RESUMO

Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease and major cause of mortality worldwide. One of the crucial steps for atherosclerotic plaque development is oxidation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL). Through the oxidation, highly immunogenic epitopes are created and the immune system is activated. Association between atherosclerosis and periodontal diseases is well documented, and one of the main oral pathogens common in periodontitis is Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (Aa). Heat shock protein 60 (HSP60) is an important virulence factor for Aa bacteria and a strong activator of the immune system. Cross-reactivity of HSP60 and oxidized LDL (OxLDL) antibodies could be a potential mechanism in the progression of atherosclerosis and one possible link between atherosclerosis and periodontitis. Human plasma samples from neonates and mothers were analyzed to determine if antibody titer to Aa-HSP60 protein is already present in newborns. Further objectives were to characterize antibody response in Aa-HSP60 immunized mice and to determine possible antibody cross-reaction with oxidized LDL. We demonstrated that newborns already have IgM antibody levels to Aa-HSP60. We also showed that in mice, Aa-HSP60 immunization provoked IgG and IgM antibody response not only to Aa-HSP60 but also to malondialdehyde acetaldehyde-modified LDL (MAA-LDL). Competition assay revealed that the antibodies were specific to Aa-HSP60 and cross-reacted with MAA-LDL. Our results suggest a possibility of molecular mimicry between Aa-HSP60 and MAA-LDL, making it intriguing to speculate on the role of HSP60 protein in atherosclerosis that manifests at young age.


Assuntos
Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans/metabolismo , Chaperonina 60/imunologia , Imunidade Humoral , Lipoproteínas LDL/imunologia , Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans/imunologia , Animais , Reações Antígeno-Anticorpo , Chaperonina 60/genética , Chaperonina 60/metabolismo , Reações Cruzadas , Feminino , Sangue Fetal/metabolismo , Humanos , Imunoensaio , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Imunoglobulina M/sangue , Imunoglobulina M/imunologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Proteínas Recombinantes/biossíntese , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32076598

RESUMO

Cronobacter sakazakii is a food-borne pathogen carried in milk powder that can cause severe bacteremia, enterocolitis, and meningitis in newborns, which can lead to death of newborns. Preventing infection by this pathogen is significant to the health of newborns. Since infants and young children are the main target group of C. sakazakii, it is considered that maternal immunity can enhance the protection of newborns. Previous studies showed that two proteins of C. sakazakii (GroEL and OmpX) exhibited high expression levels and elicited strong immune reactions, suggesting their potential as vaccine candidates. In this study, GroEL and OmpX were recombinantly expressed in Escherichia coli and purified as immunogens to immunize pregnant rats. Three days after birth, the progeny were challenged with C. sakazakii to determine the protective effect of maternal immunity on the offspring. The results showed that immunization during pregnancy decreased bacterial load in the brain and blood, reduced brain and intestine damage, and significantly increased specific antibody titers in the offspring. Immunization with the recombinant proteins significantly increased cytokine levels in the serum of the progeny. The group whose mothers were immunized with OmpX produced more IL-4, while the group whose mothers were immunized with GroEL produced more IFN-γ, indicating that the immunogens enhanced the Th2 and Th1 responses, respectively. However, although the immune response was induced by both proteins, only the offspring of the pregnant rats immunized with OmpX or OmpX/GroEL mixture showed delayed death, possibly because immunization with OmpX led to a stronger humoral immune response in the offspring, suggesting that OmpX was a better vaccine candidate than GroEL. This study first reported that exposure to C. sakazakii proteins during pregnancy could improve the offspring's ability to resist infection caused by this pathogen.


Assuntos
Proteínas da Membrana Bacteriana Externa/imunologia , Vacinas Bacterianas/imunologia , Chaperonina 60/imunologia , Cronobacter sakazakii/imunologia , Infecções por Enterobacteriaceae/prevenção & controle , Imunidade Materno-Adquirida , Animais , Anticorpos Antibacterianos/sangue , Carga Bacteriana , Proteínas da Membrana Bacteriana Externa/genética , Encéfalo/patologia , Chaperonina 60/genética , Cronobacter sakazakii/genética , Cronobacter sakazakii/isolamento & purificação , Cronobacter sakazakii/fisiologia , Citocinas/sangue , Infecções por Enterobacteriaceae/imunologia , Infecções por Enterobacteriaceae/microbiologia , Feminino , Imunogenicidade da Vacina , Intestinos/patologia , Gravidez , Ratos , Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia , Vacinas Sintéticas/imunologia
18.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 95: 128-139, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31629062

RESUMO

Fish nocardiosis is a chronic granulomatous bacterial disease mainly caused by three pathogenic bacteria, including Nocardia seriolae, N. asteroids and N. salmonicida. Molecular chaperone DnaK and GroEL were identified to be the common antigens of the three pathogenic Nocardia species in our previous studies. To evaluate the immune protective effect of two DNA vaccines encoding DnaK or GroEL against fish nocardiosis, hybrid snakehead were vaccinated and the immune responses induced by these two vaccines were comparatively analyzed. The results suggested it needed at least 7 d to transport DnaK or GroEL gene from injected muscle to head kidney, spleen and liver and stimulate host's immune system for later protection after immunization by DNA vaccines. Additionally, non-specific immunity parameters (serum lysozyme (LYZ), peroxidase (POD), acid phosphatase (ACP), alkaline phosphatase (AKP) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities), specific antibody (IgM) production and immune-related genes (MHCIα, MHCIIα, CD4, CD8α, IL-1ß and TNFα) were used to evaluate the immune responses induced in vaccinated hybrid snakehead. It proved that all the above-mentioned immune activities were significantly enhanced after immunization with these two DNA vaccines. The protective efficacy of pcDNA-DnaK and pcDNA-GroEL DNA vaccines, in terms of relative percentage survival (RPS), were 53.01% and 80.71% respectively. It demonstrated that these two DNA vaccines could increase the survival rate of hybrid snakehead against fish nocardiosis, albeit with variations in immunoprotective effects. Taken together, these results indicated that both pcDNA-DnaK and pcDNA-GroEL DNA vaccines could boost the innate, humoral and cellular immune response in hybrid snakehead and show highly protective efficacy against fish nocardiosis, suggesting that DnaK and GroEL were promising vaccine candidates. These findings will promote the development of DNA vaccines against fish nocardiosis in aquaculture.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/imunologia , Vacinas Bacterianas/imunologia , Doenças dos Peixes/prevenção & controle , Chaperonas Moleculares/imunologia , Nocardiose/veterinária , Vacinas de DNA/imunologia , Animais , Aquicultura/métodos , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Vacinas Bacterianas/normas , Chaperonina 60/genética , Chaperonina 60/imunologia , Doenças dos Peixes/imunologia , Doenças dos Peixes/microbiologia , Imunidade Celular , Imunidade Humoral , Imunidade Inata , Chaperonas Moleculares/genética , Nocardia , Nocardiose/imunologia , Nocardiose/prevenção & controle , Vacinas de DNA/normas
19.
Vaccine ; 37(37): 5607-5613, 2019 09 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31399276

RESUMO

Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is a systemic mycosis autochthonous to Latin America and endemic to Brazil, which has the majority of the PCM cases. PCM is acquired through the inhalation of propagules of fungi from genus Paracoccidioides spp. and mainly affects the lungs. We have previously shown that P. brasiliensis-infected mice treated with single-dose of recombinant 60-kDa-heat shock protein from P. brasiliensis (rPbHsp60) had a worsening infection in comparison to animals only infected. In this study, we investigate whether the treatment of infected mice with PB_HSP60 gene cloned into a plasmid (pVAX1-PB_HSP60) would result in efficient immune response and better control of the disease. The harmful impact of single-dose therapy with protein was not seen with plasmid preparations. Most importantly, three doses of pVAX1-PB_HSP60 and protein induced a beneficial effect in experimental PCM with a reduction in fungal load and lung injury when compared with infected mice treated with pVAX1 or PBS. The increase of the cytokines IFN-γ, TNF, and IL-17 and the decrease of IL-10 observed after treatment with three doses of pVAX1-PB_HSP60 appears to be responsible for the control of infection. These results open perspectives of the therapeutic use of Hsp60 in PCM.


Assuntos
Chaperonina 60/imunologia , Vacinas Fúngicas/imunologia , Paracoccidioides/imunologia , Paracoccidioidomicose/imunologia , Paracoccidioidomicose/prevenção & controle , Vacinas de DNA/imunologia , Animais , Antígenos de Fungos/imunologia , Chaperonina 60/genética , Citocinas/genética , Citocinas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Vacinas Fúngicas/genética , Imunização , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Paracoccidioides/genética , Paracoccidioidomicose/genética , Paracoccidioidomicose/microbiologia , Prognóstico , Vacinas de DNA/genética
20.
Cardiovasc Drugs Ther ; 33(4): 385-398, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31332656

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The long-term effect of immune tolerance has not been explored so far in atherosclerosis. In the present study, we assessed the effect of mucosal tolerance to a multi antigenic construct expressing three peptides from ApoB, HSP60, and outer membrane protein from Chlamydia pneumonia (AHC) for 30 weeks at every 6-week interval to understand the kinetics of immune modulation in disease progression. The safety profile of the molecule was also evaluated in mice. METHODS: Apobtm2SgyLdlrtm1Her/J mice (5-6 weeks) were orally dosed with multi antigenic construct (AHC) molecule on alternate days, followed by high-fat diet feeding to initiate atherosclerosis. RESULTS: Treated animals showed an efficient reduction in plaque growth and lipid accumulation at 6 weeks (49%, p < 0.01) and 12 weeks (42.3%, p < 0.01) which decreased to 29% (p = 0.0001) at 18 weeks and at later time points. Macrophage accumulation was significantly lower at all time points (53% at 12 weeks to 27% at 30 weeks). Regulatory T cells increased in the spleen following treatment until 12 weeks (week 0 (2.57 ± 0.18 vs. 6.36 ± 0.03, p = 0.02), week 6 (4.52 ± 0.2 vs. 8.87 ± 0.32, p = 0.02), and week 12 (8.74 ± 0.37 vs. 15.4 ± 0.27, p = 0.02)) but showed a decline later. A similar trend was observed with tolerogenic dendritic cells. We observed an increase in antibody levels to low-density lipoprotein and oxidized LDL at later stages. AHC molecule was found to be safe in acute and repeated dose toxicity studies. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that immune tolerance to AHC protein by oral administration is able to provide efficient atheroprotection up to 18 weeks and moderately at later stages. Apart from immune regulatory cells, protective antibodies may also have a role in controlling atherosclerosis.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/tratamento farmacológico , Tolerância Imunológica/efeitos dos fármacos , Imunidade nas Mucosas/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/administração & dosagem , Animais , Antígenos de Bactérias/administração & dosagem , Antígenos de Bactérias/imunologia , Apolipoproteína B-100/administração & dosagem , Apolipoproteína B-100/genética , Apolipoproteína B-100/imunologia , Aterosclerose/sangue , Aterosclerose/imunologia , Aterosclerose/patologia , Proteínas da Membrana Bacteriana Externa/administração & dosagem , Proteínas da Membrana Bacteriana Externa/imunologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Chaperonina 60/administração & dosagem , Chaperonina 60/imunologia , Chlamydophila pneumoniae/imunologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Fatores Imunológicos/imunologia , Lipídeos/sangue , Lipídeos/imunologia , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/imunologia , Placa Aterosclerótica , Receptores de LDL/genética , Receptores de LDL/metabolismo , Fatores de Tempo
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