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4.
J Forensic Sci ; 64(4): 1271-1273, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30731029

RESUMO

This manuscript reported a case of fatal arsenic poisoning. A woman with schizophrenia took arsenic-containing "pills," which consisted of arsenic trioxide and realgar (arsenic (II) sulfide) and wrapped with gauze. The victim consumed 1.09 and 0.819 g arsenic on two occasions, respectively, with the interval between the two doses of 3 days. The woman died on the sixth day after the first dose without any treatment. In this case, pathological examination revealed fat degeneration of the liver rather than hepatomegaly, a rare finding in acute arsenic poisoning. Arsenic in tissue samples was measured, the total arsenic and inorganic arsenic in blood, liver, and gastric wall was 10.2 µg/mL (9.61 µg/mL), 23.1 µg/g (20.7 µg/g), and 32.3 µg/g (28.6 µg/g), respectively.


Assuntos
Intoxicação por Arsênico/diagnóstico , Trióxido de Arsênio/análise , Trióxido de Arsênio/envenenamento , Arsenicais/análise , China , Evolução Fatal , Fígado Gorduroso/induzido quimicamente , Fígado Gorduroso/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Fígado/química , Charlatanismo , Esquizofrenia , Estômago/química , Sulfetos/análise , Sulfetos/envenenamento , Adulto Jovem
5.
Br Dent J ; 226(4): 257-259, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30796394

RESUMO

Quackery in dentistry has been a problem for decades. It arises when there are inadequate numbers of competent and trained practitioners or when their charges appear prohibitive to a segment of the population. Poorly educated people often become gullible prey to quacks who perform dental treatment, which is often harmful to patients. It is time to take measures to stop such unethical practices. The purpose of this paper is to highlight the various causes of growing dental quackery in India, the possible measures to prevent it and the malpractices being carried out by quacks. It will also propose a classification of oral healthcare providers in India.


Assuntos
Imperícia , Charlatanismo , Assistência Odontológica , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Índia
7.
J Med Humanit ; 40(1): 69-83, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27888381

RESUMO

This article uses a reading of John Wesley's Primitive Physic, or An Easy and Natural Method of Curing Most Diseases (1747) to resist the common rejection-often as "quackery"-of Wesley's treatments for common maladies. We engage Wesley not because he was right but because his approach offers useful moments of pause in light of contemporary medical epistemology. Wesley's recommendations were primarily oriented towards the categories of personal responsibility and capability, but he also sought to empower individuals-especially the poor-with the knowledge to safely and affordably treat maladies of their own. We leverage Primitive Physic to rethink contemporary medical knowledge production, especially as sanctioned by randomized clinical trials and legitimate views of experience and contemporary institutions such as the AMA. Ultimately, we suggest that the medical humanities has a key role to play in mining the discarded and dismissed for what they can tell scholars about medical knowledge.


Assuntos
Reforma dos Serviços de Saúde , Charlatanismo , Ciências Humanas , Humanos , Conhecimento , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
8.
AMA J Ethics ; 20(11): E1082-1093, 2018 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30499438

RESUMO

Ten advertisements and labels from the American Medical Association (AMA) Historical Health Fraud and Alternative Medicine Collection illustrate false health beliefs perpetuated in 20th-century medical quackery promotions. This article canvasses some of the claims made and responses to these ads and labels.


Assuntos
/história , Fraude , Charlatanismo , American Medical Association , Coleções como Assunto , Terapias Complementares/história , Rotulagem de Medicamentos/história , Equipamentos e Provisões/história , História do Século XX , Humanos , Estados Unidos
11.
JAMA ; 320(5): 512, 2018 08 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30087998
13.
Asclepio ; 70(1): 0-0, ene.-jun. 2018.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-173508

RESUMO

En octubre de 1892 llegó a Buenos Aires un extraño personaje, que decía ser conde y poseer título médico. De inmediato comenzó a efectuar con la ayuda de su esposa demostraciones de hipnosis, de telepatía y de clarividencia. Ofreció además conferencias sobre esos asuntos. Muy pronto, a mediados de diciembre de ese año, fundó el Instituto Psicológico Argentino, tarea para la que contó con la colaboración de espiritistas y científicos locales. Todas esas actividades fueron informadas con detalle por los periódicos de la ciudad y por una de las revistas del espiritismo porteño. Al poco tiempo el Departamento de Higiene logró la clausura del Instituto, a pesar de lo cual Sgaluppi continuó con sus demostraciones y conferencias. El objetivo de este artículo es reconstruir en detalle esa historia, sobre todo con el auxilio de fuentes periódicas de la época. Nuestro cometido es iluminar un capítulo poco conocido de la historia del hipnotismo en Buenos Aires, poniendo de relieve dos aspectos: el valor que las disciplinas esotéricas tuvieron en la cultura científica de fines de siglo, y las dificultades que tuvieron las autoridades sanitarias para hacer valer sus regulacion


In October 1892 a strange man arrived to Buenos Aires, who claimed to be a Viscount and to posses a medical degree. Immediately he began to perform with the help of his wife some demonstrations oh hypnotism, telepathy and clairvoyance. He also delivered lectures on these matters. Soon, in mid-December of that year, he founded the Argentine Psychological Institute (Instituto Psicológico Argentino), an enterprise for which he was assisted by local spiritualists and scientists. All these activities were reported in detail by local newspapers and by a spiritualist magazine. Soon the Health Office managed to close down the Institute, but nevertheless Sgaluppi continued with his performances and lectures. The aim of this paper is to explore those events, especially with the aid of primary sources. Our aim is to illuminate a tittle-known chapter in the history of Buenos Aires hypnotism, highlighting two aspects: the value that esoteric disciplines had in the fin-de-siècle scientific culture, and the difficulties experienced by health authorities to enforce their regulations


Assuntos
Humanos , Hipnose/história , Charlatanismo/história , Sistemas de Apoio Psicossocial , Argentina , Telepatia , Espiritualismo/história
14.
Br J Psychiatry ; 212(5): 265-268, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29693538

RESUMO

Broadcaster and journalist. FRCP (hon).


Assuntos
Medicina , Charlatanismo , Ciência , Pensamento , Humanos
15.
JAMA ; 319(14): 1512, 2018 04 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29634820
16.
Biofactors ; 44(3): 219-221, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29524270

RESUMO

Studies in the early 1990s suggested that a hormone identical to ouabain or an isomer of ouabain is secreted by the adrenal glands into the circulation and plays a role in the regulation of arterial pressure and cardiac and renal function. This hormone, known as endogenous ouabain (EO), was claimed to contribute to the pathophysiology of a number of disorders including heart failure, renal failure, pregnancy-induced, and essential hypertension. However, some research groups have been unable to confirm the presence of EO in the human circulation and the issue remains in dispute. In that the implications are of considerable importance to clinicians who, like the authors, lack biochemical expertise, it would be useful if the dispute could be addressed by disinterested scientists with long-standing and acknowledged expertise in analytical chemistry who could opine as to whether the evidence is, or is not, sufficient to state categorically that EO does (or does not) exist in the circulation in man. This brief review does not present new data but, rather, recommends that adjudication is needed regarding this important issue. © 2018 BioFactors, 44(3):219-221, 2018.


Assuntos
Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Cardiotônicos/sangue , Dissidências e Disputas , Ouabaína/sangue , Charlatanismo/ética , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/metabolismo , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Hipertensão/metabolismo , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Gravidez , Insuficiência Renal/metabolismo , Insuficiência Renal/fisiopatologia , Argumento Refutável
19.
J Int Med Res ; 46(1): 522-525, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28823190

RESUMO

Uncertified rural practitioners (URPs) without formal medical qualification occupy an indispensable yet dangerous position in the rural health care system in India. The low cost, close proximity, and higher health hazards in rural areas along with the inability of established health-care setups to fulfill existing demands have favored the flourishing trade of URPs. Irrational and dangerous drug prescriptions, unauthorized interventions, improper waste disposal, and several cases of malpractice by URPs are serious threats to the exposed population. However, because of the practical compulsion and real-world necessity of their existence, URPs should be scientifically trained and sensitized to regulate, qualify, and integrate them as a part of the existing health care system in India.


Assuntos
Pessoal Técnico de Saúde/educação , Prescrições de Medicamentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços de Saúde do Indígena , Área Carente de Assistência Médica , Serviços de Saúde do Indígena/provisão & distribução , Humanos , Índia , Charlatanismo/etnologia , Charlatanismo/prevenção & controle , População Rural , Recursos Humanos
20.
Bull Hist Med ; 91(4): 713-743, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29276189

RESUMO

This article examines links between mid-Victorian opposition to commerce in popular works on sexual health and the introduction of a legal test of obscenity, in the 1868 trial R. v. Hicklin, that opened the public distribution of any work that contained sexual information to prosecution. The article demonstrates how both campaigning medical journals' crusades against "obscene quackery" and judicial and anti-vice groups who aimed to protect public morals responded to unruly trade in medical print by linking popular medical works with public corruption. When this link was codified, it became a double-edged sword for medical authorities. The Hicklin test provided these authorities with a blunt tool for disciplining professional medical behavior. However, it also radically narrowed the parameters through which even the most established practitioners could communicate medical information without risking censure.


Assuntos
Princípios Morais , Editoração/história , Inglaterra , História do Século XIX , Humanos , Editoração/ética , Editoração/legislação & jurisprudência , Charlatanismo/história
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