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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18605, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895811

RESUMO

To investigate the age-related nomograms and change trends of reproductive hormones, and prevalence of androgen deficiency (AD) in middle-aged and aging men from 2 studies.Two cross-sectional studies were conducted at 5-year intervals in Chinese community-dwelling men living in the same area. A total of 434 (Study 1, S1) and 944 (Study 2, S2) men aged 40 to 69 years were recruited as subjects and 59 (S1) and 98 (S2) men aged 20 to 39 years as controls to measure serum reproductive hormone levels.Serum total testosterone (TT) levels did not change significantly in S1, whereas TT levels increased in S2 with aging. Serum calculated free testosterone (cFT) levels gradually decreased with aging; however, only men aged 40 to 69 years showed this trend in S2. Serum luteinizing hormone (LH) and sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) levels gradually increased, and serum testosterone secretion index (TSI) and free testosterone index (FTI) levels gradually decreased with male aging. The mean annual decrease values of serum cFT were 2.705 pmol/l in S1 and 1.060 pmol/l in S2. The cut-off values for AD in S1 and S2 were 9.13 nmol/l and 9.35 nmol/l for TT, and 169.00 pmol/l and 213.90 pmol/l for cFT. Using TT or cFT cut-off values, mean AD prevalence was 14.52% or 44.70% in S1, and 6.36% or 16.53% in S2. Based on cFT cut-off values, prevalence of AD increased gradually with male aging in a range of 25.30% to 61.63% in S1 and 1.20% to 23.03% in S2.The change patterns of serum LH, SHBG, TSI and FTI levels in middle-aged and aging males were consistent; however, there were differences in serum TT and cFT change patterns in S1 and S2 with male aging. cFT cut-off values were the optimal metric to evaluate AD, which can be present a ladder-like change in prevalence of different age groups.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/sangue , Doenças do Sistema Endócrino/epidemiologia , Hormônio Luteinizante/sangue , Globulina de Ligação a Hormônio Sexual/metabolismo , Testosterona/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nomogramas , Prevalência , Testosterona/deficiência , Adulto Jovem
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18614, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895815

RESUMO

This study included 1456 men and 1411 women who were trauma-exposed and underwent routine health examinations in a community epidemiological investigation. The participants completed the posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) Check List-Civilian Version (PCL-C) for PTSD and medical examinations to detect metabolic syndrome. Adjustments for age, marriage, exercise, education, cigarette smoking, cancer, stroke, angina, and thyroid disease were performed. The relationship between PTSD and metabolic syndrome and each of its components was analyzed by multiple logistic regression.In women, PTSD was associated with metabolic syndrome (OR = 1.53, 95% CI = 1.01-1.95, P = .047) and the high-density lipoprotein cholesterol component (OR = 1.98, 95% CI = 1.04-2.12, P = .002). In men, PTSD was related to the hypertension component of metabolic syndrome (OR = 0.54, 95% CI = 0.31-0.92, P = .023). There was also a relationship between PTSD severity and metabolism (OR = 1.141, 95% CI = 1.002-1.280, P = 0.037) in women, and PTSD was inversely associated with the hypertension component (OR = 0.54, 95% CI = 0.31-0.92, P = .023) in men.PTSD was related to metabolic syndrome only in women. We plan to further research the mechanism of sex differences and dyslipidemia.


Assuntos
Síndrome Metabólica/etiologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/complicações , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Sexuais , Adulto Jovem
4.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(1): 99-103, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914576

RESUMO

To explore the epidemiological characteristics, trends and relevant factors of pre-hospital mortality due to acute myocardial infarction (AMI) from 1999 to 2016 in Tianjin city, based on mortality surveillance information and household registration population information. Standardized mortality rates were calculated using the year 2000 world standard population. From 1999 to 2016, the research result showed that the pre-hospital crude mortality rates of AMI were 39.47/100 000 to 90.64/100 000 and the standardized mortality rates were 30.92/100 000 to 53.90/100 000. The proportion of pre-hospital AMI deaths was 73.96%-81.92% (t=1.09, P>0.05) within the same period. Aged, female, rural residents, unmarried, divorced, widowed, low education level, and outdoor workers have a relative higher proportion of pre-hospital AMI mortality.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Cidades , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mortalidade/tendências , Fatores Socioeconômicos
5.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(1): 104-107, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914577

RESUMO

From 1987 to 2017, cardiovascular disease (CVD) had been ranking the first cause of death in Suzhou, and the mortality rate showed an upward trend annual percentage changes (APC=0.62%, P=0.001), while the standardized mortality rate showed a downward trend (APC=-2.65%, P<0.001). The probability of premature death of CVD declined consistently from 7.06% in 1987 to 2.00% in 2017 (APC=-4.45%, P<0.001). When the life expectancy was set at 70, the potential years of life lost rate (PYLLR) decreased from 6.35‰ in 1987 to 3.30‰ in 2017, and the standardized PYLLR decreased from 7.30‰ to 2.68‰. When the life expectancy was set at 75, the PYLLR decreased from 10.12‰ to 5.19‰, and the standardized PYLLR decreased from 11.44‰ to 3.88‰. With the increase of years, all PYLLR and standardized PYLLR showed a significantly downward trend (APC=-2.51%--3.89%, P<0.001).


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Expectativa de Vida/tendências , Mortalidade Prematura/tendências , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Probabilidade
6.
Sci Total Environ ; 698: 134106, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31505350

RESUMO

Chronic exposure to cadmium (Cd) can cause renal dysfunction. Studies of animals, cell cultures, and plants have found that selenium (Se) can effectively alleviate the hazard generated by Cd, but there has been little study of this in general human populations. This study recruited 313 subjects from China's Hubei Province, including 160 living in areas with high soil Cd and Se (exposure group) and 153 living in clean areas (control group). The levels of the following were detected: Cd and Se in blood (B-Cd and B-Se), urine (U-Cd and U-Se), and hair (H-Cd and H-Se); N-acetyl-ß-D-glucosaminidase (U-NAG), ß2-microglobulin (U-ß2-MG), and albumin (U-ALB) in urine; and malondialdehyde (S-MDA), superoxide dismutase (S-SOD), and glutathione peroxidase (S-GSH-Px) in serum. In addition, the interactions between Cd and Se were assessed. The median levels of B-Cd, B-Se, U-Cd, U-Se, H-Cd, H-Se, S-MDA, and S-GSH-Px of exposure group (2.60 ng/mL, 238.90 ng/mL, 3.13 µg/g Cr, 45.43 µg/g Cr, 0.06 µg/g, 0.70 µg/g, 5.22 nmol/mL, and 308.89 U, respectively) were significantly higher than of controls (0.95 ng/mL, 130.50 ng/mL, 1.08 µg/g Cr, 30.51 µg/g Cr, 0.04 µg/g, 0.49 µg/g, 4.71 nmol/mL, and 267.54 U, respectively), but there were no significant differences in U-NAG, U-ß2-MG, U-ALB, or S-SOD between the two groups. U-NAG levels were significantly negatively associated with the interaction between Cd and Se (B: -0.511, 95% CI: -0.886, -0.136). Additionally, changes in the direction of the estimated regression coefficient in the low and high H-Se groups were observed for U-Cd and S-MDA (from 0.018 to -0.090), U-Cd and S-GSH-Px (from -0.039 to 0.101). This study found that populations living in areas with high levels of soil Cd and Se did not show greater Cd-induced renal tubular and glomerular injuries than the control population, which could attribute to the protective effects of Se. The protective effects may be related to the peculiar function of Se that Se can combine with free Cd to activate the antioxidant enzyme system.


Assuntos
Cádmio/análise , Exposição Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos , Nefropatias/epidemiologia , Selênio/análise , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Acetilglucosaminidase/metabolismo , Antioxidantes , Cádmio/metabolismo , China/epidemiologia , Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Humanos , Nefropatias/metabolismo , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Substâncias Protetoras/metabolismo , Selênio/metabolismo , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Microglobulina beta-2/metabolismo
7.
Sci Total Environ ; 699: 134390, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31525546

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence concerning the effect of ambient air pollution exposure on gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is limited. No published studies have examined maternal weekly air pollution exposure and GDM, and the possible effect modification by folic acid supplementation has not been assessed. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between air pollution exposure and GDM at trimester and weekly levels, and to explore the potential effect modification by folic acid supplementation. METHODS: A total of 5421 pregnant women were recruited during 2011-2014 in Guangzhou, China. Daily PM2.5, PM10, SO2 and NO2 levels were collected from 10 monitoring stations. Individual's exposure during pregnancy was estimated using inverse-distance weighting approach. Binary logistic regression was used to examine the trimester-specific association between air pollution exposure and GDM. Distributed lag models (DLMs) were applied to estimate maternal weekly air pollution exposure and GDM. Stratified analyses by folic acid supplementation and interaction test were performed. RESULTS: The GDM incidence was 11.69%. An interquartile range (IQR) increase in first trimester SO2 was associated with increased GDM risk in the single pollutant model, the adjusted odds ratio (aOR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) was 1.22 (1.02-1.47). In DLMs, an IQR increase in SO2 during 4th to 10th gestational weeks was associated with increased GDM risk, with the strongest effect in the 7th gestational week. When stratified by maternal folic acid supplementation, first trimester exposure to SO2 was associated with increased GDM risk among women taking folic acid supplements (aOR = 1.25, 95% CI: 1.03-1.53) and P value for interaction was 0.13. No significant effects were observed for PM2.5, PM10 and NO2. CONCLUSION: First trimester exposure to SO2 was associated with increased GDM risk, especially during the 4th to 10th gestational weeks. The effect might be stronger among women taking folic acid supplements.


Assuntos
Poluição do Ar/estatística & dados numéricos , Diabetes Gestacional/epidemiologia , Exposição Materna/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Poluentes Atmosféricos , China/epidemiologia , Exposição Ambiental , Feminino , Humanos , Material Particulado , Gravidez
8.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 59(1): 29-34, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31887833

RESUMO

Objective: The study was aimed to investigate the prevalence and causes of hyponatremia in hospitalized patients, and to analyze the relationship between hyponatremia and mortality. Methods: A retrospective analysis was carried out in 525 patients with hyponatremia, who were older than 14 years old and hospitalized in the Zhoushan Hospital from Jan. 2014 to Apr. 2014. Based on the severity of the hyponatremia the patients were divided into three groups: the mild, moderate and severe hyponatremia groups. The underlying causes of hyponatremia were analyzed, and the association between hyponatremia and mortality was explored using logistic regression analyses. Results: (1) The prevalence of hyponatremia was 5.26% in whole hospitalized patients (n=9 989) during the study period. It was 6.1% in the elderly population (≥60 years old). (2) Malignant tumors and infectious diseases were the main primary diseases of hyponatremia in all three groups. Among them, lung cancer was the most common malignant tumor, and pneumonia was the most common infectious disease associated with hyponatremia. Cerebral hemorrhage was common in patients with moderate and severe hyponatremia, in which subarachnoid hemorrhage was the major primary disease associated with moderate to severe hyponatremia. In the subgroup of elderly patients, malignant tumor and infectious diseases were the major basic diseases. (3) Among the 525 cases, 13.7% and 3.8% of them were diagnosed with syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) and cerebral salt-wasting syndrome (CSWS), respectively. The proportions of SIADH and CSWS increased to 17.4% and 4.2%, respectively, in the elderly hyponatremic patients (n=264). (4) More patients were prescribed with sodium-excretion drugs in the moderate and severe hyponatremia groups than those in the mild one(42.2% vs.21.4%, 43.2% vs.21.4%, all P<0.05). (5) Patients with moderate or severe hyponatremia had a higher mortality compared to those with mild hyponatremia (moderate vs. mild group: OR 6.92, 95%CI 2.53-18.92, P<0.001; severe vs. mild group: OR 4.54, 95%CI 1.05-19.58, P=0.043). Conclusions: Hyponatremia was common in hospitalized patients. The major primary diseases were malignant tumor (lung cancer), infectious diseases (pneumonia) and cerebral hemorrhage complicated with SIADH and CSWS. Use of sodium-excretion drugs increased the risk of moderate to severe hyponatremia. Patients with moderate to severe hyponatremia had a higher risk of death in hospitals.


Assuntos
Hiponatremia/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Hiponatremia/etiologia , Hiponatremia/mortalidade , Síndrome de Secreção Inadequada de HAD , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sódio
9.
BJOG ; 127(1): 39-45, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31444892

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the relation between famine exposure in early life and subsequent pregnancy loss, including stillbirth, and spontaneous abortion in adulthood. DESIGN: A population-based, partly ecological study. SETTING AND POPULATION: Individual data of 58 601 females born around the time of the Great Chinese Famine in 1959-1961. METHODS: Associations between the famine exposure in early life and pregnancy loss (stillbirth and spontaneous abortion) in adulthood were analysed using negative binomial regression, with the non-exposure group as reference, adjusting for region, highest education, monthly income, alcohol consumption, tobacco use, body mass index in 25-year-olds and metabolic equivalent. Further analyses were stratified by rural versus urban region. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Continuous variables of times of stillbirths and spontaneous abortions were used according to the individual self-reported reproductive history. RESULTS: No association was found between famine exposure and spontaneous abortion. In contrast, females experiencing the famine during their prenatal period (incidence rate ratio = 1.15, 95% CI 1.00-1.33) or infant period (incidence rate ratio = 1.27, 95% CI 1.12-1.44) were more likely to report stillbirth in later adult life. Such an association appeared stronger in women living in rural regions. CONCLUSIONS: Early life exposure of famine was associated with an increased risk of stillbirth but not spontaneous abortion in adulthood. The strength of such an association appeared stronger in rural areas. Given the high potential for unmeasured confounding, these associations must be interpreted with caution. Regarding the potential implication that undernutrition in the fetal period is related to reproductive outcome in adulthood, fetal nutritional supply may play an important role in human reproduction. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: Exposure to famine in early life was associated with increased pregnancy loss in adulthood.


Assuntos
Aborto Espontâneo/epidemiologia , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/epidemiologia , Natimorto/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Índice de Massa Corporal , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Saúde da População Rural
10.
Sci Total Environ ; 699: 134397, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31677469

RESUMO

Children are vulnerable to air pollution-induced lung function deficits, and the prevalence of obesity has been increasing in children. To evaluate the joint effects of long-term PM1 (particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter ≤ 1.0 µm) exposure and obesity on children's lung function, a cross-sectional sample of 6740 children (aged 7-14 years) was enrolled across seven northeastern Chinese cities from 2012 to 2013. Weight and lung function, including forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), peak expiratory flow (PEF), and maximal mid-expiratory flow (MMEF), were measured according to standardized protocols. Average PM1, PM2.5, PM10 and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) exposure levels were estimated using a spatiotemporal model, and sulphur dioxide (SO2) and ozone (O3) exposure were estimated using data from municipal air monitoring stations. Two-level logistic regression and general linear models were used to analyze the joint effects of body mass index (BMI) and air pollutants. The results showed that long-term air pollution exposure was associated with lung function impairment and there were significant interactions with BMI. Associations were stronger among obese and overweight than normal weight participants (the adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for PM1 and lung function impairments in three increasing BMI categories were 1.50 (1.07-2.11) to 2.55 (1.59-4.07) for FVC < 85% predicted, 1.44 (1.03-2.01) to 2.51 (1.53-4.11) for FEV1 < 85% predicted, 1.34 (0.97-1.84) to 2.04 (1.24-3.35) for PEF < 75% predicted, and 1.34 (1.01-1.78) to 1.93 (1.26-2.95) for MMEF < 75% predicted). Consistent results were detected in linear regression models for PM1, PM2.5 and SO2 on FVC and FEV1 impairments (PInteraction < 0.05). These modification effects were stronger among females and older participants. These results can provide policy makers with more comprehensive information for to develop strategies for preventing air pollution induced children's lung function deficits among children.


Assuntos
Poluição do Ar/estatística & dados numéricos , Exposição Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Cidades , Feminino , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Humanos , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Dióxido de Nitrogênio/análise , Sobrepeso , Ozônio/análise , Material Particulado/análise , Testes de Função Respiratória , Dióxido de Enxofre , Capacidade Vital
11.
Chemosphere ; 240: 124904, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31550593

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prenatal exposure to ambient levels of air pollution has been reported to adversely affect birth outcomes, yet few studies have investigated refined susceptible windows for adverse birth outcomes. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed at estimating associations between maternal exposure to ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5; particles with an aerodynamic diameter ≤ 2.5 µm) and birth outcomes, including birth weight, low birth weight (LBW) and preterm birth (PTB), and identify specific susceptible windows. METHODS: A total of 3692 singleton live births were enrolled between 2013 and 2016 in Shanghai Birth Cohort, China. Based on mothers' residential addresses, weekly mean concentrations of PM2.5 over gestation were estimated based on an incorporated evaluating approach combining satellite-based estimates and ground-level measurements. Distributed lag non-liner models (DLNMs) were fitted by incorporating with multiple liner models and Cox proportional hazard models to evaluate weekly-as well as trimester-exposure-lag-response associations between average PM2.5 level and birth weight, LBW and PTB, and to identify critical windows. RESULTS: In this study, gestational exposure to PM2.5 was associated with adverse birth outcomes in infants, and critical windows were identified as 31st-34th gestational weeks for reduced birth weight, 38th-42 nd weeks for LBW and 27th-30th weeks for PTB, respectively. Trimester-specific associations were found for all birth outcomes during the third trimester. CONCLUSIONS: Ambient PM2.5 exposure exhibited adverse impacts on multiple outcomes including reduced birth weight, LBW and PTB in the late pregnancy. The study provides further evidence supporting harmful effects of maternal PM2.5 exposure on birth outcomes and identifying critical windows.


Assuntos
Exposição Materna/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/epidemiologia , Material Particulado/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Peso ao Nascer , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Exposição Materna/efeitos adversos , Gravidez , Terceiro Trimestre da Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro/induzido quimicamente
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(52): e18523, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31876746

RESUMO

Prostate cancer (PCa) is a frequently diagnosed malignant solid tumor in men. The etiology of PCa has been attributed to both environmental and genetic factors. In recent years, many studies have reported that miRNA gene single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) influence the susceptibility to several diseases such as cancer. To date, the mechanisms of PCa have remained unknown. The main aim of this study was to evaluate the association between PCa susceptibility and miRNA gene SNPs. A total of 156 PCa cases and 188 control subjects were included in this case-control study. The data were collected from hospitalized cases. We collected the demographic characteristic information, which included age, body mass index, tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption, and family history of cancer. Polymorphisms were analyzed by the ligase detection reaction. Unconditional logistic and stratified analyses were used to analyze the association between these SNPs and PCa susceptibility and to calculate the adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and the 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Cox regression model and the log-rank test were used to test the association between genetic variants and the overall survival. We found that miR-23a gene polymorphism rs3745453 carrying CC homozygotes had a 4.16-fold increased risk (95% CI = 1.30-13.25) than those carrying the TT/CT genotypes (P = .02), and the C allele displayed a higher prevalence of PCa than the T allele (OR = 1.68, 95% CI = 1.16-2.45, P = .01). Moreover, miR-23a showed that the homozygous carriers of the C-variant significantly increased the risk of survival rate as compared to the carriers of the TT/CT genotype (OR = 9.67, 95% CI = 2.83-33.09, P = .001). The rs3745453 polymorphism was potentially associated with PCa in the Chinese Han population and had an interactive relationship with the environmental factors.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Idoso , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Homozigoto , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias da Próstata/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(52): e18566, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31876759

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Helicobacter pylori (Hp) is an identified carcinogenic pathogen of human gastric cancer. China is not only one of the countries with high incidence and mortality of gastric cancer, but also a high infection area of Hp. As a multi-ethnic country, China may have a diverse prevalence of Hp infection among ethnics. This meta-analysis tends to compare the prevalence of Hp infection between Tibetan and Han ethnics, the results may provide evidence for targeted screening and eradication of Hp in China. METHODS: The following databases will be searched: PubMed, Web of Science, Technology Periodical Database (VIP), China National Knowledge infrastructure (CNKI), and WanFang databases. Studies which reported the prevalence of Hp infection between Tibetans and Hans in China are eligible. Two reviewers will independently screen studies, extract data and assess the risk of bias of included studies. The prevalence of Hp infection between Tibetan and Han ethnics will be compared by meta-analysis. Heterogeneity tests and meta-analyses will be conducted using RevMan 5.3 and Stata 12.0 softwares. Meanwhile, subgroup analysis, publication bias and sensitivity analysis evaluation will be performed where applicable. RESULTS: This study will be reported in compliance with the PRISMA statement.This systematic review will not be submitted for any ethical approval since no privacy health information will be included. The findings will be published through peer-reviewed publications or conference presentations. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42019121192. CONCLUSIONS: Our study will provide us evidence for tailored strategy and robustness of Hp screening and eradication among Tibetans.


Assuntos
Infecções por Helicobacter/epidemiologia , Helicobacter pylori , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/estatística & dados numéricos , China/epidemiologia , China/etnologia , Grupos Étnicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Helicobacter/etnologia , Humanos , Prevalência , Tibet/epidemiologia , Tibet/etnologia
14.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu ; 48(6): 869-875, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31875807

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence and variation of hypotension in Chinese adults residents in 2002 and 2010-2012. METHODS: Data of the blood pressure measurements from 2002 and 2010-2012 China National Nutrition and Health Survey(CNNHS), a multistage stratified cluster random sampling survey was conducted in 2002, and the sample size was 147 488, 64 869 males, 82 619 females, 50 123 urban residents, 97 365 rural residents, 71 078 northern residents and 76 410 southern residents. A multi-stage stratified and population-proportional cluster random sampling method was used in 2010-2012, and the sample size of was 120 427, 52 499 males, 67 928 females, 60 214 urban residents, 60 213 rural residents, 53 863 northern residents and 66 564 southern residents. The population data published by the National Bureau of Statistics in 2009 was used as a standard population of the data result for 2002 and 2010-2012. Complex sampling weighting method was adopted in data analyses. The prevalence of hypotension and 95%CI in different populations were calculated. Chi-square test was used to compare the rates, multi-factor analysis was conducted by using SURVEYLOGISTIC model regression. RESULTS: In 2002, the prevalence rate of hypotension in Chinese adults was 3. 0%, 1. 9% in males, 4. 1% in females, 2. 7% in urban residents, 3. 3% in rural residents, 2. 8% in northern residents and 3. 2% in southern residents. The prevalence rate of hypotension was the highest in 18-44 age group(4. 3%). Among people with different body mass index(BMI), the prevalence of hypotension was higher in low weight group(7. 0%). From 2010 to 2012, the prevalence rate of hypotension in Chinese adults was 2. 1%, 1. 1% in males, 3. 2% in females, 1. 9% in urban residents, 2. 2% in rural residents, 1. 8% in northern residents and 2. 3%in southern residents. The prevalence rate of hypotension was the highest in 18-44 age group(3. 1%). Among people with different BMI, the prevalence of hypotension was higher in low weight group(7. 4%). The total prevalence of hypotension in adult residents in China from 2010 to 2012 was lower than that in 2002, and the difference was statistically significant(χ~2= 624. 3, P <0. 0001). In 2002 and 2010-2012, the prevalence of hypotension in adult residents of China decreased with the increase of age, and the prevalence of hypotension in men and women also decreased with the increase of age. Women were higher than men, the lower age group was higher than the higher age group, and the lower weight group was higher than the normal population. The differences were statistically significant. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis also showed that lower age group, women and people with low weight were more prone to develop hypotension. CONCLUSION: In 2002 and 2010-2012, the total prevalence of hypotension in adult residents of China, and that of hypotension in both men and women decreased with the increase of age. Women were higher than men, the lower age group was higher than the higher age group, and the lower weight group was higher than the normal population. 18-44 age group, women and low weight group are more likely to have low blood pressure. Compared with 2002, the total prevalence of hypotension in Chinese adult residents showed a decreasing trend from 2010 to 2012.


Assuntos
Hipotensão , População Rural , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipotensão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Prevalência
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(52): e18464, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31876729

RESUMO

Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is an important etiological agent of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD), which can also lead to severe neurological complications (eg, encephalitis) in young children. Although a series of reports on EV71 infection have been published, the pathogenic mechanism of EV71 infection is still not fully understood.We evaluated the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of the inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-8, IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-10, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and IL-12p70 in 88 children with EV71-related encephalitis and 19 children with febrile convulsion (FC) with the use of commercial cytometric bead array kits.The levels of IL-8, IL-1ß, IL-6, and IL-10 in CSF were significantly higher in encephalitis group when compared with those observed in FC group, while no significant changes were noted in the levels of TNF-α and IL-12p70. In addition, significant and positive correlations among CSF IL-8, IL-1ß, IL-6, and IL-10 were observed in encephalitis group. Furthermore, receiver operator characteristic analysis determined a cut-off value of 10.62 pg/mL for IL-6 to discriminate encephalitis patients from FCs with the sensitivity and specificity of 89.8% and 84.2%, respectively. Moreover, logistic regression analyses revealed that IL-6 was an independent predictor of EV71-related encephalitis (odds ratio = 23.241, P < .001).Our results indicate that 4 inflammatory cytokines (IL-8, IL-1ß, IL-6, and IL-10) play important roles in the pathogenesis of EV71 infection. IL-6 may be used for the evaluation of EV71-related encephalitis and as a potential therapy candidate for EV71 infection.


Assuntos
Citocinas/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Encefalite Viral/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Enterovirus Humano A , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Encefalite Viral/virologia , Feminino , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca/virologia , Humanos , Lactente , Interleucina-10/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Interleucina-12/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Interleucina-1beta/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Interleucina-6/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Interleucina-8/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Masculino , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/líquido cefalorraquidiano
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(50): e18126, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852072

RESUMO

Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a major cause of mortality in China. This study collected reference data for future programs of prevention of SCD among the ethnic Kazakh and Han populations in Xinjiang, China.From January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2015, 2 monitoring locations in northern Xinjiang China were utilized. These locations were selected based on the geographic, economic, and administrative structures of the ethnic Kazakh settlements in Xinjiang. Investigators were trained to investigate SCDs in Kazakh and Han people, a study population totaling more than 400,000. The populations were compared for SCD incidence.The average age of the Han population was significantly higher than that of the Kazakh. During the year 2015, there were 135 SCDs, specifically 67 and 68 in the Han and Kazakh populations, respectively, incidences of 37.94 and 36.2 per 100,000. After standardizing for age, the incidence in these populations was 29.36 and 51.85 per 100,000. Among those who experienced SCD, the prevalence of hypertension was higher in the Kazakh group than in the Han. The multivariate analysis of populations with SCD showed that, among the patients with coronary heart disease, the Kazakh were more likely to have SCD than the Han (odds ratio: 3.58, confidence interval: 1.18-10.95).Among the elderly, the incidence of SCD was much higher in the Kazakh population than in the Han population. Basic medical services and health education should be strengthened in the Kazakh pastoral areas.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/etnologia , Grupos Étnicos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Doenças Cardiovasculares/complicações , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(50): e18196, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852076

RESUMO

This study aimed at investigating the prevalence of anxiety and depression, and their risk factors as well as their correlation with prognosis in refractory or relapsed (R/R) acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients.A total of 180 R/R AML patients were enrolled and their anxiety and depression were assessed by Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) before treatment. Besides, HADS was also evaluated in 180 de novo AML patients prior treatment and 180 healthy controls (HCs), respectively.Both the HADS-Anxiety and HADS-Depression scores were increased in R/R AML patients compared with de novo AML patients and HCs (all P < .001). Meanwhile, the prevalence of anxiety and depression was 53.9% and 45.6% in R/R AML patients, which were also greatly higher compared with de novo AML patients and HCs (all P < .01). Regarding risk factors, higher Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group score and lines of salvage therapy were correlated with anxiety and depression in R/R AML patients (all P < .05). Furthermore, anxiety and depression were associated with shorter overall survival (OS) in R/R AML patients (all P < .05), while no association of different degrees of anxiety and depression with OS was observed (all P > .05).Anxiety and depression are highly prevalent and implicated in the management and prognosis of R/R AML.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/etiologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/complicações , Indução de Remissão/métodos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Terapia Combinada , Depressão/etiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(50): e18213, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852078

RESUMO

We aimed to investigate the association between excess body mass index (BMI) and papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) in an operative population, and the impact of higher BMI on clinicopathological aggressiveness of PTC.Charts of 10,844 consecutive patients with thyroid nodules undergoing partial or total thyroidectomy between 1993 and 2015 were reviewed. Patients diagnosed with PTC were stratified in 4 groups: BMI < 18.5 (underweight), 18.5 ≤ BMI < 24 (normal-weight), 24 ≤ BMI < 28 (overweight) and BMI ≥ 28(obese). The impacts of high BMI on prevalence and clinicopathological parameters of PTC were retrospectively analyzed in both univariate and multivariate binary logistic regression analysis.For every 5-unit increase in body mass, the odds of risk-adjusted malignance increased by 36.6%. The individuals who were obese and overweight were associated with high risk of thyroid cancer [odds ratio (OR)= 1.982, P < .001; OR= 1.377, P < .001; respectively] compared to normal weight patients, and this positive association was found in both genders. Obesity was independent predictors for tumors larger than 1 cm (OR = 1.562, P < .001) and multifocality (OR = 1.616, P < .001). However, there was no difference in cervical lymph node (LN) metastasis among BMI groups. Crude analysis showed BMI was associated with advanced tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage (relative risk, approximately 1.23 per 5 BMI units, P < .001), but this association disappeared after adjusting for confounding factors.Obesity was significantly associated with the risk of PTC in a large, operative population. Higher BMI was significantly associated with larger tumor size and multifocal tumor.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Obesidade/complicações , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico , Tireoidectomia/métodos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/etiologia , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/etiologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(50): e18253, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852093

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Molecular mechanism underlying the autosomal recessive non-syndromic hearing loss (ARNSHL) is still plausible. Pathogenic mutations of the gap junction beta 2 protein (GJB2) are reported to be the primary causes of ARNSHL. PATIENT CONCERNS: A propositus was diagnosed as ARNSHL with bilateral congenital profound hearing loss. DIAGNOSIS: With microarray and target gene sequencing testing methods, a novel GJB2 mutant was found to be associated with ARNSHL in this Han Chinese family. INTERVENTIONS/OUTCOMES: Based on the finding in this research, prenatal screening of GJB2 mutation and genetic counseling are recommended to this family for their next pregnancy. Our interventions allow the family to plan informatively. LESSONS: In this family, we discovered 2 heterozygous carriers of c.113T>C variation in the GJB2 gene. The propositus, who had profound hearing loss, had inherited the c.113T>C variation from his normal mother and the c.235delC from his father.


Assuntos
Conexinas/genética , DNA/genética , Surdez/genética , Grupos Étnicos , Mutação , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Conexinas/metabolismo , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Surdez/diagnóstico , Surdez/etnologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Emissões Otoacústicas Espontâneas/fisiologia , Linhagem , Prevalência
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(50): e18265, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852096

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between triglyceride glucose (TyG) index and abnormal liver function both in urban and rural Chinese adult populations. The 5824 urban (Nanjing) and 20,269 rural (Hefei) Chinese adults, from random selected households provided clinical history, glucose, lipids, anthropometric, and blood pressure measurements. Liver functions were assessed using Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT). Linear regression was applied to examine the dose-response relationship between TyG index and ALT. Logistic regression was used to estimate the association between TyG index and abnormal liver and function. Cubic spline models were applied to investigate the dose-response association between TyG index and abnormal liver function. C-statistics was used to compare the discriminable capacity over triglyceride, glucose and TyG index. Linear dose-response relationship was identified between TyG index and ALT as 1.222 IU increase by 1 unit increase of TyG index (1.242 for urban population and 1.210 for rural population). The 6.0% of urban and 11.0% of rural Chinese adults were observed to have abnormal liver function. The linear association between TyG index and abnormal liver function was revealed as 2.044 (1.930 to 2.165) of odds ratio by in unit increase of TyG index (2.334 for urban population and 1.990 for rural population). Higher C-statistics was found for TyG index compared with fasting glucose and triglyceride both in Chinese urban and rural populations. This study suggested in both urban and rural Chinese adult populations, TyG index is associated with abnormal liver function. TyG index is a potential indicator to identify high-risk individuals with metabolic disorders, for example impaired liver function in Chinese population, especially in Chinese urban population.


Assuntos
Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Glicemia/metabolismo , Hepatopatias/sangue , Vigilância da População , População Rural , Triglicerídeos/sangue , População Urbana , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Índice de Massa Corporal , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Hepatopatias/epidemiologia , Testes de Função Hepática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Morbidade/tendências , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
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