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Nature ; 577(7791): 472, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31965105
Science ; 366(6470): 1206, 2019 12 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31806805
Nat Med ; 25(12): 1810, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31806887
Movimento (Porto Alegre) ; 25(1): e25019, jan.- dez. 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047919


Desde os anos 2000 ocorreram ampliações e intensificações da comunidade de pesquisadores(as) e dos aparatos científicos comprometidos com a Educação Física (EF). Esse processo aconteceu/acontece em meio a diversos tensionamentos que passaram a ser problematizados em estudos e debates. Instigados por esses fatos e problematizações, o objetivo desta pesquisa é compreender de que modo se faz ciência na EF brasileira. Para isso realizamos um estudo etnográfico em dois grupos de pesquisa da EF, em que seguimos humanos e não humanos, associações e controvérsias. Ao acompanhar o dia a dia desses grupos chegamos à conclusão de que há múltiplas ciências da EF. Diante dessa constatação, o principal encaminhamento e provocação desta pesquisa é que ao indagar sobre a ciência da EF (note-se, no singular) passa a ser indispensável indagar sobre os tipos de relações que foram e estão sendo estabelecidas entre as ciências da EF (note-se, múltiplas), e quais são as suas consequências

Since the 2000s, the research community and scientific apparatuses engaged with Physical Education (PE) have widened and intensified. Such process has happened and still happens amid several tensions that began to be discussed in studies and debates. Driven by these facts and questionings, this research looks into how science is done in Brazilian PE. An ethnographic study has been conducted within two PE research groups, where we followed humans and non-humans, associations and controversies. After following the everyday work of these groups, we found that there are multiple PE sciences. In view of these findings, the main conclusion and provocation of this study is that, to question PE science ­ in singular form ­ it is crucial to ask about the types of relations that have been established and still remain among PE sciences ­ in plural ­ and their consequences

Desde los años 2000 ocurrieron ampliaciones e intensificaciones de la comunidad de investigadores/as y de los aparatos científicos involucrados con la Educación Física (EF). Este proceso ocurrió y ocurre en medio a distintas tensiones que pasaron a ser problematizadas en estudios y debates. Motivados por estos hechos y problematizaciones, el objetivo de esta investigación es comprender de qué modo se hace ciencia en la EF brasileña. Con este fin, realizamos un estudio etnográfico en dos grupos de investigación de la EF, donde seguimos humanos y no humanos, asociaciones y controversias. Al acompañar la jornada de estos grupos, llegamos a la conclusión de que hay múltiples ciencias de la EF. Frente a esta constatación, el principal encaminamiento, y la provocación de esta investigación, es que, al indagar sobre la ciencia de la EF (destaque para el singular) se vuelve indispensable indagar sobre los tipos de relaciones que han sido establecidas y se establecen entre las ciencias de la EF (múltiples) y cuáles son sus consecuencias

Humanos , Educação Física e Treinamento , Ciência , Antropologia Cultural , Ciências Sociais , Disciplinas das Ciências Biológicas , Conhecimento , Ciências Humanas
Nature ; 575(7781): 137-146, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31695204


The goal of sex and gender analysis is to promote rigorous, reproducible and responsible science. Incorporating sex and gender analysis into experimental design has enabled advancements across many disciplines, such as improved treatment of heart disease and insights into the societal impact of algorithmic bias. Here we discuss the potential for sex and gender analysis to foster scientific discovery, improve experimental efficiency and enable social equality. We provide a roadmap for sex and gender analysis across scientific disciplines and call on researchers, funding agencies, peer-reviewed journals and universities to coordinate efforts to implement robust methods of sex and gender analysis.

Engenharia/métodos , Engenharia/normas , Projetos de Pesquisa/normas , Projetos de Pesquisa/tendências , Ciência/métodos , Ciência/normas , Caracteres Sexuais , Fatores Sexuais , Animais , Inteligência Artificial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Tamanho da Amostra
Nature ; 575(7781): 130-136, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31695207


With rapidly changing ecology, urbanization, climate change, increased travel and fragile public health systems, epidemics will become more frequent, more complex and harder to prevent and contain. Here we argue that our concept of epidemics must evolve from crisis response during discrete outbreaks to an integrated cycle of preparation, response and recovery. This is an opportunity to combine knowledge and skills from all over the world-especially at-risk and affected communities. Many disciplines need to be integrated, including not only epidemiology but also social sciences, research and development, diplomacy, logistics and crisis management. This requires a new approach to training tomorrow's leaders in epidemic prevention and response.

/epidemiologia , Saúde Pública/tendências , Ciência/tendências , Métodos Epidemiológicos , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Controle de Infecções , /microbiologia , Saúde Pública/história , Ciência/história
J Anim Sci ; 97(11): 4691-4697, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31617900


Undergraduate research involves experiential learning methods that helps animal science students gain critical thinking skills. There is high demand for these opportunities. For example, 77.9% of incoming freshmen in the Department of Animal Sciences & Industry at Kansas State University in Fall 2017 and Fall 2018 planned to conduct research sometime during their undergraduate career (422 of 542 students). Conventional, one-on-one mentoring methods in the department were only serving 1.7% of the undergraduate population (21 of 1,212 students). This creates a unique challenge of increasing the number of undergraduate research opportunities, while maintaining the impact of individualized experiential learning. One method to address this challenge is the incorporation of a course-based research program. In this model, research projects are conducted during a conventional semester during scheduled classroom hours, with project components divided into 3 sections: (1) research preparation, including compliance requirements, hypothesis testing, experimental design, and protocol development; (2) data collection; and (3) data interpretation and dissemination. Students collect data as a team, but individually develop their own research abstract and poster to maintain a high level of experiential learning. By teaching multiple sections of this course per semester and incorporating the concepts into existing laboratories, 13.5% of students in the department completed undergraduate research in the 2018-2019 academic year (162 of 1,197 students). To monitor the quality of these experiences, student critical thinking ability was assessed using the online Critical Thinking Basic Concepts & Understanding Test (Foundation for Critical Thinking, Tomales, CA). Undergraduate research experiences increased (P = 0.028) the growth in student critical thinking score, but the type of research experience did not influence assessed skills (P > 0.281). Thus, course-based undergraduate research experiences may be an option for growing the quantity and quality of undergraduate research experience in animal science.

Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , Pesquisa/educação , Ciência/educação , Estudantes/psicologia , Animais , Currículo , Humanos , Kansas , Pensamento , Universidades
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626163


The paper presents the creative biography of Professor E.F. Levitsky, a famous Russian scientist, Honored Scientist of the Russian Federation, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Director (1990-2009), Principal Researcher, Tomsk Research Institute of Balneology and Physiotherapy, Federal Biomedical Agency of Russia; Head, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Physiotherapy and Balneology, Faculty for Advanced Training and Professional Retraining of Specialists, Siberian State Medical University (Tomsk) (1995-2012). It reflects the main trends of scientific and social activities of the scientist.

Médicos/história , Ciência/história , Aniversários e Eventos Especiais , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Federação Russa